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Profile: Uskali Mäki (University of Helsinki)
  1.  100 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2011). Scientific Realism as a Challenge to Economics (and Vice Versa). Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (1):1-12.
    The implications of scientific realism in regard to economics depend on what one takes scientific realism to mean and on whether one lets its contents to depend on the peculiar characteristics of the discipline of economics. Here a revisionist line is adopted and scientific realism is reduced to a minimal version that is able to accommodate as large a portion of science as possible. Among other things, characterizations of minimal realism do not require, as standard formulations of scientific realism do, (...)
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  2.  95 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2005). Reglobalizing Realism by Going Local, or (How) Should Our Formulations of Scientific Realism Be Informed About the Sciences? Erkenntnis 63 (2):231 - 251.
    In order to examine the fit between realism and science, one needs to address two issues: the unit of science question (realism about which parts of science?) and the contents of realism question (which realism about science?). Answering these questions is a matter of conceptual and empirical inquiry by way local case studies. Instead of the more ordinary abstract and global scientific realism, what we get is a doubly local scientific realism based on a bottom-up strategy. Representative formulations of the (...)
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  3.  94 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (1999). Science as a Free Market: A Reflexivity Test in an Economics of Economics. Perspectives on Science 7 (4):486-509.
    : One prominent aspect of recent developments in science studies has been the increasing employment of economic concepts and models in the depiction of science, including the notion of a free market for scientific ideas. This gives rise to the issue of the adequacy of the conceptual resources of economics for this purpose. This paper suggests an adequacy test by putting a version of free market economics to a self-referential scrutiny. The outcome is that either free market economics is (...)
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  4.  76 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2009). Economics Imperialism: Concept and Constraints. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):351-380.
    The paper seeks to offer [1] an explication of a concept of economics imperialism, focusing on its epistemic aspects; and [2] criteria for its normative assessment. In regard to [1], the defining notion is that of explanatory unification across disciplinary boundaries. As to [2], three kinds of constraints are proposed. An ontological constraint requires an increased degree of ontological unification in contrast to mere derivational unification. An axiological constraint derives from variation in the perceived relative significance of the facts explained. (...)
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  5.  65 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2009). MISSing the World. Models as Isolations and Credible Surrogate Systems. Erkenntnis 70 (1):29 - 43.
    This article shows how the MISS account of models—as isolations and surrogate systems—accommodates and elaborates Sugden’s account of models as credible worlds and Hausman’s account of models as explorations. Theoretical models typically isolate by means of idealization, and they are representatives of some target system, which prompts issues of resemblance between the two to arise. Models as representations are constrained both ontologically (by their targets) and pragmatically (by the purposes and audiences of the modeller), and these relations are coordinated by (...)
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  6.  63 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2014). Scientific Imperialism: Difficulties in Definition, Identification, and Assessment. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 27 (3):325-339.
    This article identifies and analyses issues related to defining and evaluating the so-called scientific imperialism. It discusses John Dupré's account, suggesting that it is overly conservative and does not offer a definition of scientific imperialism in not presenting it as a phenomenon of interdisciplinarity. It then discusses the recent account by Steve Clarke and Adrian Walsh, taking issue with ideas such as illegitimate occupation, counterfactual progress, and culturally significant values. A more comprehensive and refined framework of my own is then (...)
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  7.  62 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2011). Models and the Locus of Their Truth. Synthese 180 (1):47 - 63.
    If models can be true, where is their truth located? Giere (Explaining science, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1998) has suggested an account of theoretical models on which models themselves are not truth-valued. The paper suggests modifying Giere’s account without going all the way to purely pragmatic conceptions of truth—while giving pragmatics a prominent role in modeling and truth-acquisition. The strategy of the paper is to ask: if I want to relocate truth inside models, how do I get it, what (...)
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  8.  59 DLs
    Michael Weisberg, Samir Okasha & Uskali Mäki (2011). Modeling in Biology and Economics. Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):613-615.
  9.  54 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2006). Remarks on Models and Their Truth. Storia Del Pensiero Economico. Nuova Serie 3 (1):7-19.
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  10.  41 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2008). Putnam's Realisms: A View From the Social Sciences. In Sami Pihlström, Panu Raatikainen & Matti Sintonen (eds.), Approaching Truth: Essays in Honour of Ilkka Niiniluoto. College Publications
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  11.  32 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2009). Reading the Methodological Essay in Twentieth Century Economics: Map of Multiple Perspectives. In The methodology of positive economics : Reflections on the Milton Friedman legacy. Cambridge University Press
  12.  28 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2002). Symposium on Explanations and Social Ontology 2: Explanatory Ecumenism and Economics Imperialism. Economics and Philosophy 18 (2):235-257.
    In a series of insightful publications, Philip Pettit and Frank Jackson have argued for an explanatory ecumenism that is designed to justify a variety of types of social scientific explanation of different , including structural and rational choice explanations. Their arguments are put in terms of different kinds of explanatory information; the distinction between causal efficacy, causal relevance and explanatory relevance within their program model of explanation; and virtual reality and resilience explanation. The arguments are here assessed from the point (...)
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  13.  27 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2004). Economic Epistemology: Hopes and Horrors. Episteme 1 (3):211-222.
    The cultural and epistemic status of science is under attack. Social and cultural studies of science are widely perceived to offer evidence and arguments in support of an anti-science campaign. They portray science as a mundane social endeavour, akin to religion and politics, with no privileged access to truthful information about the real world. Science is under threat and needs defence. Old philosophical legitimations have lost their bite. Alarm bells ring, new troops have to be mobilised. Call economics, the good (...)
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  14.  24 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2005). Models Are Experiments, Experiments Are Models. Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (2):303-315.
    A model is a representation of something beyond itself in the sense of being used as a representative of that something, and in prompting questions of resemblance between the model and that something. Models are substitute systems that are directly examined in order to indirectly acquire information about their target systems. An experiment is an arrangement seeking to isolate a fragment of the world by controlling for causally relevant things outside that fragment. It is suggested that many theoretical models are (...)
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  15.  23 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2009). Unrealistic Assumptions and Unnecessary Confusions : Rereading and Rewriting F53 as a Realist Statement. In The methodology of positive economics : Reflections on the Milton Friedman legacy. Cambridge University Press
  16.  22 DLs
    Uskali Maki (1999). Science as a Free Market: A Reflexivity Test in an Economics of Economics. Perspectives on Science 7 (4):486-509.
    One prominent aspect of recent developments in science studies has been the increasing employment of economic concepts and models in the depiction of science, including the notion of a free market for scientific ideas. This gives rise to the issue of the adequacy of the conceptual resources of economics for this purpose. This paper suggests an adequacy test by putting a version of free market economics to a self-referential scrutiny. The outcome is that either free market economics is self-defeating, or (...)
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  17.  20 DLs
    Uskali Mäki & Caterina Marchionni (2009). On the Structure of Explanatory Unification: The Case of Geographical Economics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (2):185-195.
    A newly emerged field within economics, known as geographical economics claims to have provided a unified approach to the study of spatial agglomerations at different spatial scales by showing how these can be traced back to the same basic economic mechanisms. We analyze this contemporary episode of explanatory unification in relation to major philosophical accounts of unification. In particular, we examine the role of argument patterns in unifying derivations, the role of ontological convictions and mathematical structures in shaping unification, the (...)
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  18.  19 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (1998). Is Coase a Realist? Philosophy of the Social Sciences 28 (1):5-31.
    Ronald Coase has been a vigorous critic of mainstream economic theory, arguing that it is unrealistic and that a good theory is realistic. The attributes "realistic" and "unrealistic" appear in three senses at least in Coase: one related to narrow ness and breadth; another related to abstracting from particularities (and the issue of "blackboard economics"); and the third related to correspondence with the legal. This does not yet make Coase an advocate of realism. It is therefore separately argued that each (...)
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  19.  18 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (1988). How to Combine Rhetoric and Realism in the Methodology of Economics. Economics and Philosophy 4 (01):89-.
  20.  16 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2001). Explanatory Unification: Double and Doubtful. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 31 (4):488-506.
    the urge to "explain much by little"—serves as an ideal of theorizing not only in natural sciences but also in the social sciences, most notably in economics. The ideal is occasionally challenged by appealing to the complexity and diversity of social systems and processes in space and time. This article proposes to accommodate such doubts by making a distinction between two kinds of unification and suggesting that while such doubts may be justified in regard to mere derivational unification (which serves (...)
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  21.  13 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (1998). Aspects of Realism About Economics. Theoria 13 (2):301-319.
    A few aspects of the issue of realism are addressed in the context of a social science. The paper looks for adjustments needed in our conceptions of scientiflc realism to accommodate some peculiarities of economics. Ontologically speaking, economics appears to be closely linked to commonsense conceptions of the world, thus the problem of theoretical concepts does not emerge in the same form it is often taken to exist in physics. Theory formation is largely a matter of idealization and isolation among (...)
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  22.  13 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (1988). Realism, Economics, and Rhetoric. Economics and Philosophy 4 (01):167-.
  23.  13 DLs
    Uskali Mäki, Dov M. Gabbay, Paul Thagard & John Woods (eds.) (2012). Philosophy of Economics. North Holland.
    This volume serves as a detailed introduction for those new to the field as well as a rich source of new insights and potential research agendas for those already engaged with the philosophy of economics.
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  24.  12 DLs
    Uskali Maki (2000). Reclaiming Relevant Realism. Journal of Economic Methodology 7 (1):109-125.
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  25.  12 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2003). 'The Methodology of Positive Economics' (1953) Does Not Give Usthemethodology of Positive Economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (4):495-505.
    It is argued that rather than a well defined F?Twist, Milton Friedman's ?Methodology of positive economics? offers an F?Mix: a pool of ambiguous and inconsistent ingredients that can be used for putting together a number of different methodological positions. This concerns issues such as the very concept of being unrealistic, the goal of predictive tests, the as?if formulation of theories, explanatory unification, social construction, and more. Both friends and foes of Friedman's essay have ignored its open?ended unclarities. Their removal may (...)
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  26.  11 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (1996). Two Portraits of Economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 3 (1):1-38.
    This is an assessment of two recent philosophical accounts of the nature of economics, those given in Alexander Rosenberg's Economics - Mathematical Politics or the Science of Diminishing Returns? (1992) and in Daniel Hausman's The Inexact and Separate Science of Economics (1992). The focus is on how they portray the predictive capabilities of economics and the links between economic theory and empirical evidence. Some major suggestions of the two books are found wanting in interesting ways. Examples are Rosenberg's explanation of (...)
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  27.  11 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2012). Realism and Antirealism About Economics. In Handbook of the Philosophy of Economics. 3--24.
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  28.  11 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (1987). Economics as a Process: Essays in the New Institutional Economics, Richard N. Langlois, Editor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986, Ix + 262 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 3 (02):367-.
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  29.  8 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2012). On the Philosophy of the New Kiosk Economics of Everything. Journal of Economic Methodology 19 (3):219-230.
    The article suggests a list of principles that guide this new genre of popular writing in and on economics: the new kiosk economics of everything. These well-selling books seek to show how the simple ideas of economics are able to reveal hidden mechanisms that unify a surprising variety of everyday phenomena and by doing so entertain their readers and improve the public image of economics. It is also argued that there is a special limited sense in which this qualifies as (...)
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  30.  6 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2010). Models and Truth. In M. Dorato M. Suàrez (ed.), Epsa Epistemology and Methodology of Science. Springer 177--187.
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  31.  6 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2013). On a Paradox of Truth, or How Not to Obscure the Issue of Whether Explanatory Models Can Be True. Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (3):268 - 279.
    It is argued that Reiss (2012) fails to refute attempts to resolve the paradox of false explanatory models. His article fails to provide an articulate conception of what exactly the presumed paradox is, it suffers from uncontrolled ambiguities and inconsistencies, and it fails to adequately address accounts of economic models that might contribute to reconciling their apparent falsehood and explanatoriness. Some details in my account of how apparently false models may explain are clarified.
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  32.  6 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2013). Mark Blaug's Unrealistic Crusade for Realistic Economics. Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 6 (3):87-103.
    Mark Blaug’s normative methodology of economics is an attempt to articulate certain intuitions about how economic science could be improved by making it more “realistic”. I discuss two such articulations, one in terms of falsificationist principles, the other in terms of an alleged trade-off between relevance and mathematical rigour. My conclusion is that Blaug’s methodology is itself unrealistic, both descriptively and normatively. His (well intended) methodological prescriptions for the improvement of economics are not based on a systematic, consistent, descriptively adequate, (...)
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  33.  5 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2008). Method and Appraisal in Economics, 1976–2006. Journal of Economic Methodology 15 (4):409-423.
  34.  5 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2010). When Economics Meets Neuroscience: Hype and Hope. Journal of Economic Methodology 17 (2):107-117.
    This is a paper on interdisciplinarity and rhetoric. Neuroeconomics is hype, but this does not rule out entertaining hopes about its capacity to produce some desirable consequences. Its "disciplinary conventions" are characterized as those of a young interdisciplinary field. Its rhetorical advantages are identified, and its rhetorical excesses are put in perspective and conditionally excused. Its evidential roles are emphasized, and they are shown to be limited in alleviating the under-constraint issue due to the difficulty of using fMRI properly.
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  35.  4 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (1998). Separateness, Inexactness, and Economic Method. Journal of Economic Methodology 5 (1):147-154.
  36.  3 DLs
    Aki Lehtinen, Uskali Mäki & Caterina Marchionni (2014). Introduction to the Special Issue: Papers From the IX INEM Conference in Helsinki. Journal of Economic Methodology 21 (1):1-2.
  37.  3 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (1994). Methodology Might Matter, but Weintraub's Meta-Methodology Shouldn't. Journal of Economic Methodology 1 (2):215-232.
    The paper questions Weintraub's thesis that ?Methodology doesn't matter?. It is argued that the thesis is unclear, and when clarified on the basis of textual evidence from Weintraub himself, it is false (or else trivially true). It is also pointed out that Weintraub's argument for the thesis is based on what he denounces, namely ?Methodology? (of a second degree); it turns out to be a ?Methodological? argument against ?Methodology?. The thesis also gives a distorted picture of what many methodologists of (...)
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  38.  3 DLs
    Uskali Maki (2001). 1 Economic Ontology: What? Why? How? In Uskali Mäki (ed.), The Economic World View: Studies in the Ontology of Economics. Cambridge University Press 1.
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  39.  3 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2010). Introduction. Journal of Economic Methodology 17 (1):1-1.
  40.  3 DLs
    Uskali Maki (2002). 4 Some Nonreasons for Nonrealism About Economics. In Uskali Mäki (ed.), Fact and Fiction in Economics: Models, Realism and Social Construction. Cambridge University Press 90.
  41.  2 DLs
    Till Grüne-Yanoff & Uskali Mäki (2014). Introduction: Interdisciplinary Model Exchanges. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 48:52-59.
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  42.  1 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2011). Puzzled by Realism: A Response to Deichsel. Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 4 (1):42-52.
    No realist project in and about economics is close to completion. There are many open issues that remain to be addressed and resolved. Simon Deichsel (2011) has written a healthy challenge that should offer some useful inspiration to anyone interested in assessing and perhaps contributing to the realist projects. He argues against realism and in support of some sort of anti-realism. My response first deals with some conceptual issues regarding the very ideas of realism and anti-realism. I will then discuss (...)
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  43.  1 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2001). Models, Metaphors, Narrative, and Rhetoric: Philosophical Aspects. In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. 15--9931.
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  44.  1 DLs
    Uskali Mäki & Caterina Marchionni (2011). Economics as Usual: Geographical Economics Shaped by Disciplinary Constraints. In John B. Davis & D. Wade Hands (eds.), The Elgar Companion to Recent Economic Methodology. Edward Elgar Publishers 188.
  45.  1 DLs
    Uskali Maki (2001). 19 The Way the World Works (Www): Towards an Ontology of Theory Choice. In Uskali Mäki (ed.), The Economic World View: Studies in the Ontology of Economics. Cambridge University Press 369.
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  46.  1 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2011). The Truth of False Idealizations in Modeling. In Paul Humphreys & Cyrille Imbert (eds.), Models, Simulations, and Representations. Routledge
    Modeling involves the use of false idealizations, yet there is typically a belief or hope that modeling somehow manages to deliver true information about the world. The paper discusses one possible way of reconciling truth and falsehood in modeling. The key trick is to relocate truth claims by reinterpreting an apparently false idealizing assumption in order to make clear what possibly true assertion is intended when using it. These include interpretations in terms of negligibility, applicability, tractability, early-step, and more. Elaborations (...)
     
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  47.  1 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (ed.) (2012). Handbook of the Philosophy of Economics.
     
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  48.  0 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2009). Realistic Realism About Unrealistic Models. In Harold Kincaid & Don Ross (eds.), The Oxford handbook of philosophy of economics. Oxford University Press
     
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  49.  0 DLs
    Uskali Mäki (2009). MISSing the World: Models as Isolations, Representations, and Credible Worlds. Erkenntnis 70 (1):29-43.
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