Search results for 'VL21 system' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. James Larson (1977). Induce-1, an Interactive Inductive Inference Program in Vl₂₁ Logic System. Dept. Of Computer Science, University of Illinois.score: 39.0
     
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  2. James Larson (1977). Inductive Inference in the Variable Valued Predicate Logic System Vl 21: Methodology and Computer Implementation. Dept. Of Computer Science, University of Illinois.score: 39.0
     
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  3. Chiara Certomà (2006). Ecology, Environmentalism and System Theory. Kybernetes. The International Journal of Systems and Cybernetics 35 (6).score: 19.0
    The paper identifies the relation between ecology and environmentalism through the emergence of system theory.
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  4. Giovanni Villani (forthcoming). Structured System in Chemistry: Comparison with Mechanics and Biology. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry:1-17.score: 18.0
    The fundamental concept of structured chemical system has been introduced and analysed in this paper. This concept, as in biology but not in physics, is very important in chemistry. In fact, the main chemical concepts (molecule and compound) have been identified as systemic concepts and their use in chemical explanation can only be justified in this approach. The fundamental concept of “environment” has been considered and then the system concept in mechanics, chemistry and biology. The differences and the (...)
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  5. Philip J. Stewart (2010). Charles Janet: Unrecognized Genius of the Periodic System. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 12 (1):5-15.score: 18.0
    Janet is known almost exclusively for his left-step periodic table (LSPT). A study of his writings shows him to have been a highly creative thinker and a brilliant draftsman. His approach was primarily arithmetic-geometric, but it led him to anticipate the discovery of deuterium, helium-3, transuranian elements, antimatter and energy from nuclear fusion. He recognized the (n + ℓ) rule well before Madelung and correctly placed the actinides. His controversial treatment of helium at the head of the alkaline earth elements (...)
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  6. Larry R. Churchill (1999). The United States Health Care System Under Managed Care: How the Commodification of Health Care Distorts Ethics and Threatens Equity. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 7 (4):393-411.score: 18.0
    Describing the U.S. health care system meansdescribing managed care under commercial forces.Managed care creates new moral tension forpractitioners, but more importantly, in its currentform it intensifies the commercialization of healthexpectations and interactions. The largely unregulatedmarketing of health services under managed care hasbeen a major factor in the increasing number ofuninsured citizens, while claims for cost reductionthrough managed care are equivocal. Risk-ratingpractices integral to the current medical marketplacethwart concerns for justice in allocation and createvulnerabilities for almost everyone. Thepolitical-moral concern of (...)
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  7. Robert Elliott Allinson (2004). Circles Within a Circle: The Condition for the Possibility of Ethical Business Institutions Within a Market System. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 53 (1-2):17-28.score: 18.0
    How can a business institution function as an ethical institution within a wider system if the context of the wider system is inherently unethical? If the primary goal of an institution, no matter how ethical it sets out to be, is to function successfully within a market system, how can it reconcile making a profit and keeping its ethical goals intact? While it has been argued that some ethical businesses do exist, e.g., Johnson and Johnson, the argument (...)
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  8. S. Coyle (2002). Hart, Raz and the Concept of a Legal System. Law and Philosophy 21 (3):275-304.score: 18.0
    An underpinning assumption of modern legal positivism is that the question of how legal standards differ from normative standards in other spheres of human thought is resolved via the concept of a legal system and the notion of internal logic, through use of contextual definition. This approach is seen to lead to an untenable form of structuralism altogether at odds with the positivist's intentions. An alternative strategy is offered which allows the positivists to retain their deepest insights, though at (...)
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  9. Hubert Ertl & David Phillips (2000). The Enduring Nature of the Tripartite System of Secondary Schooling in Germany: Some Explanations. British Journal of Educational Studies 48 (4):391 - 412.score: 18.0
    This paper suggests explanations for the enduring nature of the tripartite system of secondary education in Germany and the failure to develop the comprehensive school (Gesamtschule) over a long period.
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  10. L. M. Vaina (1990). What and Where in the Human Visual System: Two Hierarchies of Visual Modules. Synthese 83 (1):49-91.score: 18.0
    In this paper we focus on the modularity of visual functions in the human visual cortex, that is, the specific problems that the visual system must solve in order to achieve recognition of objects and visual space. The computational theory of early visual functions is briefly reviewed and is then used as a basis for suggesting computational constraints on the higher-level visual computations. The remainder of the paper presents neurological evidence for the existence of two visual systems in man, (...)
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  11. David Lumsden (2005). How Can a Symbol System Come Into Being? Dialogue 44 (1):87-96.score: 18.0
    One holistic thesis about symbols is that a symbol cannot exist singly, but only as apart of a symbol system. There is also the plausible view that symbol systems emerge gradually in an individual, in a group, and in a species. The problem is that symbol holism makes it hard to see how a symbol system can emerge gradually, at least if we are considering the emergence of a first symbol system. The only way it seems possible (...)
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  12. F. I. Cooperstock & S. Tieu (2003). The Energy of a Dynamical Wave-Emitting System in General Relativity. Foundations of Physics 33 (7):1033-1059.score: 18.0
    The problem of energy and its localization in general relativity is critically re-examined. The Tolman energy integral for the Eddington spinning rod is analyzed in detail and evaluated apart from a single term. It is shown that a higher order iteration is required to find its value. Details of techniques to solve mathematically challenging problems of motion with powerful computing resources are provided. The next phase of following a system from static to dynamic to final quasi-static state is described.
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  13. James Ladyman, James Lambert & Karoline Wiesner (2013). What is a Complex System? European Journal for Philosophy of Science 3 (1):33-67.score: 18.0
    Complex systems research is becoming ever more important in both the natural and social sciences. It is commonly implied that there is such a thing as a complex system, different examples of which are studied across many disciplines. However, there is no concise definition of a complex system, let alone a definition on which all scientists agree. We review various attempts to characterize a complex system, and consider a core set of features that are widely associated with (...)
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  14. Douglas Walton (2011). A Dialogue System Specification for Explanation. Synthese 182 (3):349-374.score: 18.0
    This paper builds a dialectical system of explanation with speech act rules that define the kinds of moves allowed, like requesting and offering an explanation. Pre and post-condition rules for the speech acts determine when a particular speech act can be put forward as a move in the dialogue, and what type of move or moves must follow it. A successful explanation has been achieved when there has been a transfer of understanding from the party giving the explanation to (...)
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  15. Alan Levin (2010). A Top-Down Approach to a Complex Natural System: Protein Folding. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 20 (4):423-437.score: 18.0
    We develop a general method for applying functional models to natural systems and cite recent progress in protein modeling that demonstrates the power of this approach. Functional modeling constrains the range of acceptable structural models of a system, reduces the difficulty of finding them, and improves their fidelity. However, functional models are distinctly different from the structural models that are more commonly applied in science. In particular, structural and functional models ask different questions and provide different kinds of answers. (...)
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  16. Margarita Vázquez & Manuel Liz (2011). Models as Points of View: The Case of System Dynamics. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 16 (4):383-391.score: 18.0
    We propose an analysis of the notion of model as crucially related to the notion of point of view. A model in this sense would always suggest a certain way of looking at a real system, a certain way of thinking about it and a certain way of acting upon it. We focus on System Dynamics as a paradigmatic case with respect to many of the features and problems we can find in the field of modelling and simulation. (...)
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  17. Margo Trappenburg (2000). Lifestyle Solidarity in the Healthcare System. Health Care Analysis 8 (1):65-75.score: 18.0
    Encompassing health care systems in modern welfarestates embody several forms of solidarity: between thesick and the healthy, the old and the young andbetween those who take good care of their health onthe one hand and fellow citizens who choose to risktheir lives by smoking or unsafe sex on the other. Thelatter form is called lifestyle solidarity. In theNetherlands this type of solidarity has become theobject of a debate between medical ethicists. Mostmedical ethicist seem to want to uphold lifestylesolidarity. Most Dutch (...)
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  18. C. Richmond (1997). Preserving the Identity Crisis: Autonomy, System and Sovereignty in European Law. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 16 (4):377-420.score: 18.0
    This article uses Hans Kelsen's theory of a legal system to take a fresh look at European Community law, and the relationship between the European Community, its Member States, and international law. It argues that the basis of the Community's legal legitimacy is indeterminate, and offers a model to accommodate that indeterminacy. This model is founded on a constructivist approach suggested to be particularly useful in the EC context. Using this approach, it is argued that the concepts of (...), autonomy and sovereignty in the Community can only be understood through the recognition of a plurality of viewpoints, and that it is crucial, in describing the Community, to distinguish between a concept per se and the choice to adopt that concept. (shrink)
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  19. Sun-Joo Shin (1999). Reconstituting Beta Graphs Into an Efficacious System. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 8 (3):273-295.score: 18.0
    Logicians have strongly preferred first-order natural deductive systems over Peirce's Beta Graphs even though both are equivalent to each other. One of the main reasons for this preference, I claim, is that inference rules for Beta Graphs are hard to understand, and, therefore, hard to apply for deductions. This paper reformulates the Beta rules to show more fine-grained symmetries built around visual features of the Beta system, which makes the rules more natural and easier to use and understand. Noting (...)
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  20. Gerben J. Stavenga (2006). Ultimate Questions of Science and the Theory of System Relations. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 37 (1):111 - 137.score: 18.0
    Whenever an adequate theory is found in science, we will still be left with two questions: why this theory rather than some other theory, and how should this theory be interpreted? I argue that these questions can be answered by a theory of system relations. The basic idea is that fundamental characteristics of systems, viz. those arising from the general systemic nature of those systems, cannot be comprehended with the aid of discipline-specific methods. The systems theory required should commence (...)
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  21. Andrea Caldelli & Marisa Luisa Parmigiani (2004). Management Information System – a Tool for Corporate Sustainability. Journal of Business Ethics 55 (2):159 - 171.score: 18.0
    This paper represents the attempt to define a methodology that can evaluate the degree to which companies'' information systems correspond to needs determined by the objectives of sustainability the firm imposes on itself. The result is the creation of a general model which define the correct approach to evaluating information systems – a model which should be adapted to the specificity of each single company which intends to adopt it. In the chart indicated, we obviously have not considered activities connected (...)
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  22. Robert J. O'Hara (1991). Representations of the Natural System in the Nineteenth Century. Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):255-274.score: 18.0
    ‘The Natural System’ is the abstract notion of the order in living diversity. The richness and complexity of this notion is revealed by the diversity of representations of the Natural System drawn by ornithologists in the Nineteenth Century. These representations varied in overall form from stars, to circles, to maps, to evolutionary trees and cross-sections through trees. They differed in their depiction of affinity, analogy, continuity, directionality, symmetry, reticulation and branching, evolution, and morphological convergence and divergence. Some representations (...)
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  23. Jukka Vuorinen (2007). Ethical Codes in the Digital World: Comparisons of the Proprietary, the Open/Free and the Cracker System. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 9 (1):27-38.score: 18.0
    The digital world provides various ethical frames for individuals to become ethical subjects. In this paper I examine – in a Foucauldian and Luhmannian way – the differences between three systems of communication: the proprietary, the open/free and the cracker system. It is argued that all three systems provide a different set of ethical codes which one can be subjected to. The language of each system is restricted and they cannot understand each other, they merely consider each other (...)
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  24. M. B. M. Bracke, J. H. M. Metz, A. A. Dijkhuizen & B. M. Spruijt (2001). Development of a Decision Support System for Assessing Farm Animal Welfare in Relation to Husbandry Systems: Strategy and Prototype. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (3):321-337.score: 18.0
    Due to increasing empiricalinformation on farm animal welfare since the1960s, the prospects for sound decisionmakingconcerning welfare have improved. This paperdescribes a strategy to develop adecision-making aid, a decision support system,for assessment of farm-animal welfare based onavailable scientific knowledge. Such a decisionsupport system allows many factors to be takeninto account. It is to be developed accordingto the Evolutionary Prototyping Method, inwhich an initial prototype is improved inreiterative updating cycles. This initialprototype has been constructed. It useshierarchical representations to analysescientific statements (...)
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  25. Lisa Campo-Engelstein & Karen Meagher (2011). Costa Rica's 'White Legend': How Racial Narratives Undermine its Health Care System. Developing World Bioethics 11 (2):99-107.score: 18.0
    A dominant cultural narrative within Costa Rica describes Costa Ricans not only as different from their Central American neighbours, but it also exalts them as better: specifically, as more white, peaceful, egalitarian and democratic. This notion of Costa Rican exceptionalism played a key role in the creation of their health care system, which is based on the four core principles of equity, universality, solidarity and obligation. While the political justification and design of the current health care system does, (...)
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  26. Michael McCubbin & David Cohen (1999). A Systemic and Value-Based Approach to Strategic Reform of the Mental Health System. Health Care Analysis 7 (1):57-77.score: 18.0
    Most writers now recognize that mental health policy and the mental health system are extremely resistant to real changes that reflect genuine biopsychosocial paradigms of mental disorder. Writers bemoaning the intransigence of the mental health system tend to focus on a small analytical level, only to find themselves mired in the rationalities of the existing system. Problems are acknowledged to be system-wide, yet few writers have used a method of analysis appropriate for systemic problems. Drawing upon (...)
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  27. Mohammadreza Zolfagharian, Reza Akbari & Hamidreza Fartookzadeh (forthcoming). Theory of Knowledge in System Dynamics Models. Foundations of Science:1-19.score: 18.0
    Having entered into the problem structuring methods, system dynamics (SD) is an approach, among systems’ methodologies, which claims to recognize the main structures of socio-economic behaviors. However, the concern for building or discovering strong philosophical underpinnings of SD, undoubtedly playing an important role in the modeling process, is a long-standing issue, in a way that there is a considerable debate about the assumptions or the philosophical foundations of it. In this paper, with a new perspective, we have explored theory (...)
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  28. Helmut Blumberg, Ulrike Hoffmann, Mohsen Mohadjer & Rudolf Scheremet (1997). Sympathetic Nervous System and Pain: A Clinical Reappraisal. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):426-434.score: 18.0
    The target article discusses various aspects of the relationship between the sympathetic system and pain. To this end, the patients under study are divided into three groups. In the first group, called (RSD), the syndrome can be characterized by a triad of autonomic, motor, and sensory symptoms, which occur in a distally generalized distribution. The pain is typically felt deeply and diffusely, has an orthostatic component, and is suppressed by the ischemia test. Under those circumstances, the pain is likely (...)
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  29. Fady Farah & François Rousselot (2007). DARES: Documents Annotation and Recombining System—Application to the European Law. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 15 (2):83-102.score: 18.0
    Accessing legislation via the Internet is more and more frequent. As a result, systems that allow consultation of law texts are becoming more and more powerful. This paper presents DARES, a generic system which can be adapted to any domain to handle documents production needs. It is based on an annotation engine which allows obtaining XML documents inputs as required by the system, and on an XML fragments recombining system. The latter operates using a fragment manipulation functions (...)
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  30. Leo Poom Marcus Lindskog, Anders Winman, Peter Juslin (2013). Measuring Acuity of the Approximate Number System Reliably and Validly: The Evaluation of an Adaptive Test Procedure. Frontiers in Psychology 4 (August).score: 18.0
    Two studies investigated the reliability and predictive validity of commonly used measures and models of Approximate Number System acuity (ANS). Study 1 investigated reliability by both an empirical approach and a simulation of maximum obtainable reliability under ideal conditions. Results showed that common measures of the Weber fraction (w) are reliable only when using a substantial number of trials, even under ideal conditions. Study 2 compared different purported measures of ANS acuity as for convergent and predictive validity in a (...)
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  31. Julia Resnik (2007). The Democratisation of the Education System in France After the Second World War: A Neo-Weberian Glocal Approach to Education Reforms. British Journal of Educational Studies 55 (2):155 - 181.score: 18.0
    The structural reforms of the education system in France (1959, 1963, and 1975) were part both of a global process of democratisation of education launched after the Second World War and of a larger modernisation project in which knowledge producers (experts, scholars and consultants) played a crucial role. Instead of a national approach or a world system approach to education reforms I propose a neo-Weberian glocal perspective that focuses on knowledge producers as a status group, education discourse structuration (...)
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  32. Margarita VáZquez & Manuel Liz (2011). Models as Points of View: The Case of System Dynamics. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 16 (4):383-391.score: 18.0
    We propose an analysis of the notion of model as crucially related to the notion of point of view. A model in this sense would always suggest a certain way of looking at a real system, a certain way of thinking about it and a certain way of acting upon it. We focus on System Dynamics as a paradigmatic case with respect to many of the features and problems we can find in the field of modelling and simulation. (...)
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  33. István Aranyosi (2013). The Peripheral Mind: Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System. Oxford University Press.score: 18.0
    Philosophers of mind, both in the conceptual analysis tradition and in the empirical informed school, have been implicitly neglecting the potential conceptual role of the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) in understanding sensory and perceptual states. Instead, the philosophical as well as the neuroscientific literature has been assuming that it is the Central Nervous System (CNS) alone, and more exactly the brain, that should prima facie be taken as conceptually and empirically crucial for a philosophical analysis of such states (...)
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  34. Nicholas Kurshan DeWind & Elizabeth M. Brannon (2012). Malleability of the Approximate Number System: Effects of Feedback and Training. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 18.0
    Prior research demonstrates that animals and humans share an approximate number system (ANS), characterized by ratio dependence and that the precision of this system increases substantially over human development. The goal of the present research was to investigate the malleability of the ANS (as measured by weber fraction) in adult subjects in response to feedback and to explore the relationship between ANS acuity and acuity on another magnitude comparison task. We tested each of 20 subjects over six 1-hour (...)
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  35. Eduardo Fermé & Maurício D. L. Reis (2012). System of Spheres-Based Multiple Contractions. Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (1):29-52.score: 18.0
    We propose a new class of multiple contraction operations — the system of spheres-based multiple contractions — which are a generalization of Grove’s system of spheres-based (singleton) contractions to the case of contractions by (possibly non-singleton) sets of sentences. Furthermore, we show that this new class of functions is a subclass of the class of the partial meet multiple contractions.
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  36. Amy Guptill & Jennifer L. Wilkins (2002). Buying Into the Food System: Trends in Food Retailing in the US and Implications for Local Foods. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 19 (1):39-51.score: 18.0
    The contemporary US food systemis characterized by both an unprecedentedconcentration of corporate control as well as afragmentation of sourcing and marketingprocesses, introducing both new constraints andnew opportunities for more localized foodsystems. The purpose of our study is to explorethese issues by investigating three keyquestions. First, what are the key trends inthe US grocery industry? Second, how dodifferent kinds of food outlets choose,procure, and promote food products? Finally,what are the implications of recent trends inthe food retailing process for strengtheninglocal flows of (...)
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  37. Egbert Kanis, Ab F. Groen & Karel H. De Greef (2003). Societal Concerns About PORK and PORK Production and Their Relationships to the Production System. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (2):137-162.score: 18.0
    Pork producers in Western Europe moreand more encounter a variety of societalconcerns about pork and pork production. Sofar, however, producers predominantly focusedon low consumer prices, therewith addressingjust one concern. This resulted in an intensiveand large-scale production system, decreasinglyrelated to the area of farm land, andaccompanied with increasing concerns aboutsafety and healthiness of pork, animal welfare,environmental pollution, and others.An overview was given of possible concernsabout West-European pork production with theconsumers, citizens, and producers, and thoseconcerns are traced back to the pork (...)
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  38. María G. Navarro (2013). From System Exchange to Globalization. In Manfred Kohler Philipp Strobl (ed.), The Phenomenon of Globalization: a Collection of Interdisciplinary Globalization Research Essays. Peter Lang Publishing House.score: 18.0
    The objective of this paper is to analyse, from a philosophical perspective, the 16th and 17th Century models of currency, as well as their influence on the types of society in which the models developed. For this, the author values the study by the French philosopher Michael Foucault Words and Things on this matter and the principal foundations of Ludwig von Bertalanffy´s systems theory. The 17th Century model of currency is based on the notion of a system of exchange. (...)
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  39. Katharina Sobota (1991). System and Flexibility in Law. Argumentation 5 (3):275-282.score: 18.0
    Usually, rhetoric is supposed to provide a model of law which describes legal interactions as volitive, arbitrary, and void of any system. However, the Mainz School, founded by Theodor Viehweg, proves the contrary: without referring to any metaphysics, such as consensus or auditoire universel, it seeks to discover the systematic character and the more or less flexible structures of legal rhetoric.
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  40. Michiel Van Elk, Hein T. Van Schie, Ruby Van Den Heuvel & Harold Bekkering (2010). Semantics in the Motor System: Motor-Cortical Beta Oscillations Reflect Semantic Knowledge of End-Postures for Object Use. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 18.0
    In the present EEG study we investigated whether semantic knowledge for object use is represented in motor-related brain areas. Subjects were required to perform actions with everyday objects and to maintain either a meaningful or a meaningless end posture with the object. Analysis of the EEG data focused on the beta-frequency band, as previous studies have indicated that the maintenance of a posture is reflected in stronger beta-oscillations. Time frequency analysis indicated that the execution of actions resulting in a meaningless (...)
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  41. Marcus Wagner (2013). 'Green' Human Resource Benefits: Do They Matter as Determinants of Environmental Management System Implementation? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 114 (3):443-456.score: 18.0
    This article analyses whether benefits arising for human resource management from environmental management activities drive environmental management system implementation. Focusing on employee satisfaction and recruitment/retention, it tests this for German manufacturing firms in 2001 and 2006 and incorporates a rare longitudinal element into the analysis. It confirms positive associations of the benefit levels for both variables with environmental management system implementation on a large scale. Also it provides evidence that increasing levels of environmental management system implementation result (...)
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  42. Carl Martin Allwood & David Hakken (2001). ?Use? Discourses in System Development: Can Communication Be Improved? [REVIEW] AI and Society 15 (3):169-199.score: 18.0
    This paper aims to provide a basis for renewed talk about ‘use’ in computing. Four current ‘discourse arenas’ are described. Different intentions manifest in each arena are linked to failures in ‘translation’, different terminologies crossing disciplinary and national boundaries non-reflexively. Analysis of transnational use discourse dynamics shows much miscommunication. Conflicts like that between the ‘Scandinavian System Development School’ and the ‘usability approach’ have less current salience. Renewing our talk about use is essential to a participatory politics of information technology (...)
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  43. Este Armstrong (1991). The Limbic System and Culture. Human Nature 2 (2):117-136.score: 18.0
    The human ability to live according to learned, shared rules of behavior requires cortical functions. Is the limbic system also necessary for culture or are its functions opposed to it, requiring cortical inhibition? The sizes of monkey and ape neocortical and major limbic structures scale with brain weight, but the neocortex expands more (has a steeper exponent) than limbic structures. As the human brain evolved it did not deviate from the scaling relationships found in nonhuman anthropoids. This evidence for (...)
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  44. Luc H. Arnal (2012). Predicting “When” Using the Motor System's Beta-Band Oscillations. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 18.0
    Predicting “When” Using the Motor System’s Beta-Band Oscillations.
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  45. Audrius Bitinas (2011). Modern Pension System Reforms in Lithuania: Impact of Crisis and Ageing. Jurisprudence 18 (3):1055-1080.score: 18.0
    The aim of this article is to define the actual construction of the modern 21st century’s Lithuanian pension system influenced by the last economic crisis and social challenges (ageing processes, raising social expenses) and implemented pension system reforms. Problems of the Lithuanian pension system are similar to those of the other European Union countries; therefore international organization recommendations and indications for future reforms should be evaluated and implemented. In this article Lithuanian pension system reforms are analyzed (...)
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  46. Audrius Bitinas (2012). Pension System in Japan: Issues for Reform. Jurisprudence 19 (1):269-292.score: 18.0
    The aim of this article is to define the actual construction of the Japanese pension system influenced by the economic and social challenges and implemented pension system reforms. In this article, the development of Japanese pension system reforms is analysed, as well as legal, economic, social environment is identified. Until recently, it was a common perception that Japan has managed economic success without worsening the income inequality and pension benefits, but since the economic recession in the 1990, (...)
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  47. Romain Boulet, Pierre Mazzega & Danièle Bourcier (2011). A Network Approach to the French System of Legal Codes—Part I: Analysis of a Dense Network. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 19 (4):333-355.score: 18.0
    We explore one aspect of the structure of a codified legal system at the national level using a new type of representation to understand the strong or weak dependencies between the various fields of law. In Part I of this study, we analyze the graph associated with the network in which each French legal code is a vertex and an edge is produced between two vertices when a code cites another code at least one time. We show that this (...)
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  48. A. Guillot C. Collet, F. Di Rienzo, N. El Hoyek (2013). Autonomic Nervous System Correlates in Movement Observation and Motor Imagery. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 18.0
    The purpose of the current article is to provide a comprehensive overview of the literature offering a better understanding on the autonomic nervous system (ANS) correlates in motor imagery (MI) and movement observation. These are two high brain functions involving sensori-motor coupling, mediated by memory systems. How observing or mentally rehearsing a movement affect ANS activity has not been extensively investigated. The links between cognitive functions and ANS responses are not so obvious. We first describe the organization of the (...)
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  49. Azadeh Chalabi (2013). Law as a System of Rights: A Critical Perspective. Human Rights Review:1-22.score: 18.0
    The “rhetorical incorporation of human rights terminology” into domestic law is the central concern of this article. Over the last 20 years or so, countries have faced international pressure to conform to human rights standards in order to enjoy legitimacy. However, there is a huge gap between what is legalized as “human rights” in domestic laws and what is set forth as “human rights” in international human rights instruments. Based on this presupposition that a proper incorporation of human rights on (...)
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  50. Zhengxin Chen (1993). From Participatory Design to Participating Problem Solving: Enhancing System Adaptability Through User Modelling. [REVIEW] AI and Society 7 (3):238-247.score: 18.0
    The issue on the role of users in knowledge-based systems can be investigated from two aspects: the design aspect and the functionality aspect. Participatory design is an important approach for the first aspect while system adaptability supported by user modelling is crucial to the second aspect. In the article, we discuss the second aspect. We view a knowledge-based computer system as the partner of users' problem-solving process, and we argue that the system functionality can be enhanced by (...)
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