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Valerie A. Thompson [25]Valerie A. . Thompson [1]
  1. Jonathan St B. T. Evans, Valerie A. Thompson & David E. Over (2015). Uncertain Deduction and Conditional Reasoning. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  2.  5
    Valerie A. Thompson, Jamie A. Prowse Turner, Gordon Pennycook, Linden J. Ball, Hannah Brack, Yael Ophir & Rakefet Ackerman (2013). The Role of Answer Fluency and Perceptual Fluency as Metacognitive Cues for Initiating Analytic Thinking. Cognition 128 (2):237-251.
    Although widely studied in other domains, relatively little is known about the metacognitive processes that monitor and control behaviour during reasoning and decision-making. In this paper, we examined the conditions under which two fluency cues are used to monitor initial reasoning: answer fluency, or the speed with which the initial, intuitive answer is produced, and perceptual fluency, or the ease with which problems can be read. The first two experiments demonstrated that answer fluency reliably predicted Feeling of Rightness judgments to (...)
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  3.  35
    Valerie A. Thompson (2009). Dual Process Theories: A Metacognitive Perspective. In Keith Frankish & Jonathan St B. T. Evans (eds.), In Two Minds: Dual Processes and Beyond. Oxford University Press
  4.  10
    Valerie A. Thompson & Stephen C. Johnson (2014). Conflict, Metacognition, and Analytic Thinking. Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):215-244.
    One hundred and three participants solved conflict and non-conflict versions of four reasoning tasks using a two-response procedure: a base rate task, a causal reasoning task, a denominator neglect task, and a categorical syllogisms task. Participants were asked to give their first, intuitive answer, to make a Feeling of Rightness judgment, and then were given as much time as needed to rethink their answer. They also completed a standardized measure of IQ and the actively open-minded thinking questionnaire. The FORs of (...)
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  5.  3
    Jonathan StB. T. Evans, Simon J. Handley, Nick Perham, David E. Over & Valerie A. Thompson (2000). Frequency Versus Probability Formats in Statistical Word Problems. Cognition 77 (3):197-213.
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  6.  29
    Jamie A. Prowse Turner & Valerie A. Thompson (2009). The Role of Training, Alternative Models, and Logical Necessity in Determining Confidence in Syllogistic Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (1):69 – 100.
    Prior research shows that reasoners' confidence is poorly calibrated (Shynkaruk & Thompson, 2006). The goal of the current experiment was to increase calibration in syllogistic reasoning by training reasoners on (a) the concept of logical necessity and (b) the idea that more than one representation of the premises may be possible. Training improved accuracy and was also effective in remedying some systematic misunderstandings about the task: those in the training condition were better at estimating their overall performance than those who (...)
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  7.  13
    Erin L. Beatty & Valerie A. Thompson (2012). Effects of Perspective and Belief on Analytic Reasoning in a Scientific Reasoning Task. Thinking and Reasoning 18 (4):441-460.
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  8.  13
    Valerie A. Thompson, Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Jamie I. D. Campbell (2013). Matching Bias on the Selection Task: It's Fast and Feels Good. Thinking and Reasoning 19 (3-4):431-452.
    We tested the hypothesis that choices determined by Type 1 processes are compelling because they are fluent, and for this reason they are less subject to analytic thinking than other answers. A total of 104 participants completed a modified version of Wason's selection task wherein they made decisions about one card at a time using a two-response paradigm. In this paradigm participants gave a fast, intuitive response, rated their feeling of rightness for that response, and were then allowed free time (...)
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  9.  15
    Jonathan St B. T. Evans, Simon J. Handley, Nick Perham, David E. Over & Valerie A. Thompson (2000). Frequency Versus Probability Formats in Statistical Word Problems. Cognition 77 (3):197-213.
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  10.  40
    Eyvind Ohm & Valerie A. Thompson (2006). Conditional Probability and Pragmatic Conditionals: Dissociating Truth and Effectiveness. Thinking and Reasoning 12 (3):257 – 280.
    Recent research (e.g., Evans & Over, 2004) has provided support for the hypothesis that people evaluate the probability of conditional statements of the form if p then q as the conditional probability of q given p , P( q / p ). The present paper extends this approach to pragmatic conditionals in the form of inducements (i.e., promises and threats) and advice (i.e., tips and warnings). In so doing, we demonstrate a distinction between the truth status of these conditionals and (...)
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  11.  8
    Valerie A. Thompson (2011). Normativism Versus Mechanism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):272-273.
    Using normative correctness as a diagnostic tool reduces the outcome of complex cognitive functions to a binary classification (normative or non-normative). It also focuses attention on outcomes, rather than processes, impeding the development of good cognitive theories. Given that both normative and non-normative responses may be produced by the same process, normativity is a poor indicator of underlying processes.
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  12.  15
    Eyvind Ohm & Valerie A. Thompson (2004). Everyday Reasoning with Inducements and Advice. Thinking and Reasoning 10 (3):241 – 272.
    In two experiments, we investigated how people interpret and reason with realistic conditionals in the form of inducements (i.e., promises and threats) and advice (i.e., tips and warnings). We found that inducements and advice differed with respect to the degree to which the speaker was perceived to have (a) control over the consequent, (b) a stake in the outcome, and (c) an obligation to ensure that the outcome occurs. Inducements and advice also differed with respect to perceived sufficiency and necessity, (...)
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  13. Valerie A. Thompson, Rakefet Ackerman, Yael Sidi, Linden J. Ball, Gordon Pennycook & Jamie A. Prowse Turner (2013). The Role of Answer Fluency and Perceptual Fluency in the Monitoring and Control of Reasoning: Reply To. Cognition 128 (2):256-258.
    In this reply, we provide an analysis of Alter et al. response to our earlier paper. In that paper, we reported difficulty in replicating Alter, Oppenheimer, Epley, and Eyre’s main finding, namely that a sense of disfluency produced by making stimuli difficult to perceive, increased accuracy on a variety of reasoning tasks. Alter, Oppenheimer, and Epley argue that we misunderstood the meaning of accuracy on these tasks, a claim that we reject. We argue and provide evidence that the tasks were (...)
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  14.  3
    Valerie A. Thompson (2000). The Task-Specific Nature of Domain-General Reasoning. Cognition 76 (3):209-268.
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  15.  18
    Jonathan A. Fugelsang, Valerie A. Thompson & Kevin N. Dunbar (2006). Examining the Representation of Causal Knowledge. Thinking and Reasoning 12 (1):1 – 30.
    Three experiments investigated reasoners' beliefs about causal powers; that is, their beliefs about the capacity of a putative cause to produce a given effect. Covariation-based theories (e.g., Cheng, 1997; Kelley, 1973; Novick & Cheng, 2004) posit that beliefs in causal power are represented in terms of the degree of covariation between the cause and its effect; covariation is defined in terms of the degree to which the effect occurs in the presence of the cause, and fails tooccur in the absence (...)
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  16.  3
    Valerie A. Thompson, Jamie A. Prowse Turner, Gordon Pennycook, Linden J. Ball, Hannah Brack, Yael Ophir & Rakefet Ackerman (2014). Corrigendum to “The Role of Answer Fluency and Perceptual Fluency as Metacognitive Cues for Initiating Analytic Thinking” [COGNIT 128/2 237–251]. [REVIEW] Cognition 130 (1):140.
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  17. Andrew Meyer, Shane Frederick, Terence C. Burnham, Juan D. Guevara Pinto, Ty W. Boyer, Linden J. Ball, Gordon Pennycook, Rakefet Ackerman, Valerie A. Thompson & Jonathon P. Schuldt (2015). Disfluent Fonts Don’T Help People Solve Math Problems. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (2):e16-e30.
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