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Profile: Valia Allori (Northern Illinois University)
  1. Valia Allori, Sheldon Goldstein, Roderich Tumulka & Nino Zanghi (2008). On the Common Structure of Bohmian Mechanics and the Ghirardi-Rimini-Weber Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):353 - 389.
    Bohmian mechanics and the Ghirardi-Rimini-Weber theory provide opposite resolutions of the quantum measurement problem: the former postulates additional variables (the particle positions) besides the wave function, whereas the latter implements spontaneous collapses of the wave function by a nonlinear and stochastic modification of Schrödinger's equation. Still, both theories, when understood appropriately, share the following structure: They are ultimately not about wave functions but about 'matter' moving in space, represented by either particle trajectories, fields on space-time, or a discrete set of (...)
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  2.  93
    Valia Allori (2015). Primitive Ontology in a Nutshell. International Journal of Quantum Foundations 1 (2):107-122.
    The aim of this paper is to summarize a particular approach of doing metaphysics through physics - the primitive ontology approach. The idea is that any fundamental physical theory has a well-defined architecture, to the foundation of which there is the primitive ontology, which represents matter. According to the framework provided by this approach when applied to quantum mechanics, the wave function is not suitable to represent matter. Rather, the wave function has a nomological character, given that its role in (...)
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  3. Valia Allori, Sheldon Goldstein, Roderich Tumulka & Nino Zanghi (2013). Predictions and Primitive Ontology in Quantum Foundations: A Study of Examples. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (2):axs048.
    A major disagreement between different views about the foundations of quantum mechanics concerns whether for a theory to be intelligible as a fundamental physical theory it must involve a ‘primitive ontology’ (PO), i.e. variables describing the distribution of matter in four-dimensional space–time. In this article, we illustrate the value of having a PO. We do so by focussing on the role that the PO plays for extracting predictions from a given theory and discuss valid and invalid derivations of predictions. To (...)
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  4.  64
    Valia Allori, Sheldon Goldstein, Roderich Tumulka & Nino Zanghì (2008). On the Common Structure of Bohmian Mechanics and the Ghirardi–Rimini–Weber Theory Dedicated to GianCarlo Ghirardi on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):353-389.
    Bohmian mechanics and the Ghirardi–Rimini–Weber theory provide opposite resolutions of the quantum measurement problem: the former postulates additional variables besides the wave function, whereas the latter implements spontaneous collapses of the wave function by a nonlinear and stochastic modification of Schrödinger's equation. Still, both theories, when understood appropriately, share the following structure: They are ultimately not about wave functions but about ‘matter’ moving in space, represented by either particle trajectories, fields on space-time, or a discrete set of space-time points. The (...)
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  5.  66
    Valia Allori, Sheldon Goldstein, Roderich Tumulka & and Nino Zanghì (2008). On the Common Structure of Bohmian Mechanics and the Ghirardi–Rimini–Weber Theory: Dedicated to Giancarlo Ghirardi on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):353-389.
    Bohmian mechanics and the Ghirardi–Rimini–Weber theory provide opposite resolutions of the quantum measurement problem: the former postulates additional variables (the particle positions) besides the wave function, whereas the latter implements spontaneous collapses of the wave function by a nonlinear and stochastic modification of Schrödinger's equation. Still, both theories, when understood appropriately, share the following structure: They are ultimately not about wave functions but about ‘matter’ moving in space, represented by either particle trajectories, fields on space-time, or a discrete set of (...)
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  6.  37
    Valia Allori (forthcoming). How to Make Sense of Quantum Mechanics : Fundamental Physical Theories and Primitive Ontology. In Ulf Edvinsson (ed.), The Mammoth Book of Quantum Mechanics Interpretations. Open Academic Press
    Quantum mechanics has always been regarded as, at best, puzzling, if not contradictory. The aim of the paper is to explore a particular approach to fundamental physical theories, the one based on the notion of primitive ontology. This approach, when applied to quantum mechanics, makes it a paradox-free theory.
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  7.  71
    Valia Allori (2015). Quantum Mechanics and Paradigm Shifts. Topoi 2015 (2):313-323.
    It has been argued that the transition from classical to quantum mechanics is an example of a Kuhnian scientific revolution, in which there is a shift from the simple, intuitive, straightforward classical paradigm, to the quantum, convoluted, counterintuitive, amazing new quantum paradigm. In this paper, after having clarified what these quantum paradigms are supposed to be, I analyze whether they constitute a radical departure from the classical paradigm. Contrary to what is commonly maintained, I argue that, in addition to radical (...)
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  8.  32
    Valia Allori (forthcoming). Reply to Authors: "The Road to Maxwell's Demon," by Meir Hemmo and Orly R. Shenker. [REVIEW] International Studies in the Philosophy of Science.
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  9. Valia Allori (2013). Primitive Ontology and the Structure of Fundamental Physical Theories. In Alyssa Ney & David Z. Albert (eds.), The Wave Function: Essays in the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics. Oxford University Press
    For a long time it was believed that it was impossible to be realist about quantum mechanics. It took quite a while for the researchers in the foundations of physics, beginning with John Stuart Bell [Bell 1987], to convince others that such an alleged impossibility had no foundation. Nowadays there are several quantum theories that can be interpreted realistically, among which Bohmian mechanics, the GRW theory, and the many-worlds theory. The debate, though, is far from being over: in what respect (...)
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  10.  11
    Valia Allori & Nino Zanghi (2007). E' completa la descrizione della realta' fisica fornita dalla meccanica quantistica? Il Protagora 9:163-180.
  11.  39
    Valia Allori (2015). Maxwell's Paradox: The Metaphysics of Classical Electrodynamics and its Time-Reversal Invariance. Analytica 1:1-19.
    In this paper, I argue that the recent discussion on the time - reversal invariance of classical electrodynamics (see (Albert 2000: ch.1), (Arntzenius 2004), (Earman 2002), (Malament 2004),(Horwich 1987: ch.3)) can be best understood assuming that the disagreement among the various authors is actually a disagreement about the metaphysics of classical electrodynamics. If so, the controversy will not be resolved until we have established which alternative is the most natural. It turns out that we have a paradox, namely that the (...)
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  12. Valia Allori & Nino Zanghi (2008). On the Classical Limit of Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 10.1007/S10701-008-9259-4 39 (1):20-32.
    Contrary to the widespread belief, the problem of the emergence of classical mechanics from quantum mechanics is still open. In spite of many results on the ¯h → 0 asymptotics, it is not yet clear how to explain within standard quantum mechanics the classical motion of macroscopic bodies. In this paper we shall analyze special cases of classical behavior in the framework of a precise formulation of quantum mechanics, Bohmian mechanics, which contains in its own structure the possibility (...)
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  13.  28
    Valia Allori (2013). Book Review Of: The Road to Maxwell's Demon: Conceptual Foundations of Statistical Mechanics. [REVIEW] International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 27 (4):453-456.
    Book review of Meir Hemmo and Orly Shenker's book "The Road to Maxwell's Demon: Conceptual Foundations of Statistical Mechanics.".
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  14. Valia Allori (2013). Book Review Of: "Do We Really Understand Quantum Mechanics?" by Franck Laloë. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Review.
  15. Valia Allori (2013). On the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics. In Soazig Lebihan (ed.), Precis de la Philosophie de la Physique. Vuibert
    What is quantum mechanics about? The most natural way to interpret quantum mechanics realistically as a theory about the world might seem to be what is called wave function ontology: the view according to which the wave function mathematically represents in a complete way fundamentally all there is in the world. Erwin Schroedinger was one of the first proponents of such a view, but he dismissed it after he realized it led to macroscopic superpositions (if the wave function evolves in (...)
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  16.  6
    Valia Allori & Nino Zanghi (2007). Ontologie quantistiche di particelle, campi e lampi. In Vincenzo Fano & Mauro Antonelli (eds.), "Strutture dello spazio tra fisica e psicologia" Teorie e Modelli XII, III. Pitagora 9-29.
    La meccanica quantistica è una delle più grandi conquiste intellettuali del xx secolo. Le sue leggiregolano il mondo atomico e subatomico e si riverberano su una miriade di fenomeni del mondomacroscopico, dalla formazione dei cristalli alla superconduttività, dalle proprietà dei fluidi a bassatemperatura agli spettri di emissione di una candela che brucia o di una supernova che esplode, daimeccanismi di combustione della fornace solare ai principi di base delle nanotecnologie. Non c’èquasi nulla nel mondo che ci circonda su cui non (...)
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  17.  34
    Valia Allori (2010). Quantum Theory: A Philosopher's Overview. [REVIEW] International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (3):330-333.
    Book review of "Quantum Theory: a Philosopher's Overview".
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  18.  5
    Valia Allori (2009). La storia del gatto che era sia vivo che morto. In Enrico Giannetto (ed.), Da Archimede a Majorana: la fisica nel suo divenire. Guaraldi 273-283.
    Questa è la breve storia , forse un poco romanzata, del gatto che, se non forse il più citato, è di sicuro il più bistrattato della storia della fisica e della filosofia: il gatto di Schrödinger.
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  19. Valia Allori (2011). Book Review Of: "Everywhere and Everywhen: Adventures in Physics and Philosophy" by N. Huggett. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2011 (1).
    Book Review of: "Everywhere and Everywhen: Adventures in Physics and Philosophy" by Nick Huggett.
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  20.  72
    Valia Allori & Nino Zanghi (2004). What is Bohmian Mechanics. International Journal of Theoretical Physics 43:1743-1755.
    Bohmian mechanics is a quantum theory with a clear ontology. To make clear what we mean by this, we shall proceed by recalling first what are the problems of quantum mechanics. We shall then briefly sketch the basics of Bohmian mechanics and indicate how Bohmian mechanics solves these problems and clarifies the status and the role of of the quantum formalism.
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  21.  5
    Valia Allori (2015). Response to Authors "The Road to Maxwell's Demon". International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (1):94-98.
    I recently reviewed Hemmo and Shenker's book "The Road to Maxwell's Demon" and the authors subsequently replied to my criticism. Here is my response to them.
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  22.  63
    Valia Allori, Detlef Duerr, Nino Zanghi & Sheldon Goldstein (2002). Seven Steps Toward the Classical World. Journal of Optics B 4:482–488.
    Classical physics is about real objects, like apples falling from trees, whose motion is governed by Newtonian laws. In standard quantum mechanics only the wave function or the results of measurements exist, and to answer the question of how the classical world can be part of the quantum world is a rather formidable task. However, this is not the case for Bohmian mechanics, which, like classical mechanics, is a theory about real objects. In Bohmian terms, the problem of the classical (...)
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  23.  72
    Valia Allori (2010). Book Review of "Quantum Theory: A Philosopher's Overview" by S. Cannavo. [REVIEW] International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (3):330-333.
    Book Review of "Quantum Mechanics- a Philosopher's Overview," by Salvator Cannavo.
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  24.  18
    Valia Allori, Mauro Dorato, Federico Laudisa & Nino Zanghi (eds.) (2005). La Natura Delle Cose: Introduzione Ai Fondamenti E Alla Filosofia Della Fisica. Carocci.
    The year 2005 has been named the World Year of Physics in recognition of the 100th anniversary of Albert Einstein's "Miracle Year," in which he published four landmark papers which had deep and great influence on the last and the current century: quantum theory, general relativity, and statistical mechanics. Despite the enormous importance that Einstein’s discoveries played in these theories, most physicists adopt a version of quantum theory which is incompatible with the idea that motivated Einstein in the first place. (...)
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  25.  2
    Valia Allori & Nino Zanghì (2009). On the Classical Limit of Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 39 (1):20-32.
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  26.  25
    Valia Allori (2009). Book Review of "The Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth-Century Science" by M. Friedman and A. Nordmann. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (3):pp. 478-479.
    Book review of "The Kantian legacy in the Nineteenth -Century Science,'' M. Friedman, and A. Nordmann.
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  27.  3
    Valia Allori (unknown). The Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth-Century Science : FriedmanMichael,, Ed.1947-Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth-Century Science. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (3):478-479.
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  28.  3
    Valia Allori (2009). The Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth-Century Science (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (3):478-479.
    The book originates from an international conference held in November 2000 at the Dibner Institute for the History of Science and Technology at MIT. The main conviction of the authors is that not only the development of modern mathematics, foundations of mathematics, and mathematical logic, but also the development of modern scientific thought can be better understood as an evolution from Kant. The main reason for focusing on the nineteenth century is that this will allow us to set aside the (...)
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  29.  20
    Valia Allori (2007). Fundamental Physical Theories: Mathematical Structures Grounded on a Primitive Ontology. Dissertation, Rutgers
    In my dissertation I analyze the structure of fundamental physical theories. I start with an analysis of what an adequate primitive ontology is, discussing the measurement problem in quantum mechanics and theirs solutions. It is commonly said that these theories have little in common. I argue instead that the moral of the measurement problem is that the wave function cannot represent physical objects and a common structure between these solutions can be recognized: each of them is about a clear three-dimensional (...)
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  30. Valia Allori (2015). Response. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (1):94-98.
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