Search results for 'Value Theory' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Don Fallis (2004). Epistemic Value Theory and Information Ethics. Minds and Machines 14 (1):101-117.score: 216.0
    Three of the major issues in information ethics – intellectual property, speech regulation, and privacy – concern the morality of restricting people’s access to certain information. Consequently, policies in these areas have a significant impact on the amount and types of knowledge that people acquire. As a result, epistemic considerations are critical to the ethics of information policy decisions (cf. Mill, 1978 [1859]). The fact that information ethics is a part of the philosophy of information highlights this important connection with (...)
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  2. Barry Smith (1986). The Theory of Value of Christian von Ehrenfels. In R. Fabian (ed.), Christian von Ehrenfels: Leben und Werk. Rodopi. 150.score: 210.0
    Christian von Ehrenfels was a student of both Franz Brentano and Carl Menger and his thinking on value theory was inspired both by Brentano’s descriptive psychology and by the subjective theory of economic value advanced by Menger, the founder of the Austrian school of economics. Value, for Ehrenfels, is a function of desire, and we ascribe value to those things which we either do in fact desire, or would desire if we were not convinced (...)
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  3. Andras Szigeti (2010). Constitutionalism and Value Theory. In Andras Sajo & Renata Uitz (eds.), Constitutional Topography: Values and Constitutions. ELEVEN INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHING.score: 188.0
    The theory and practice of constitutionalism is tightly interwoven with references and appeals to values. However, these references and appeals frequently remain undertheorized and are seldom connected directly to philosophical theories of value. This chapter outlines some ways in which such connections might be established.
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  4. Guy Oakes (1988). Rickert's Value Theory and the Foundations of Weber's Methodology. Sociological Theory 6 (1):38-51.score: 186.0
    The general area of this essay is an issue left unexplored by the tradition of commentary on Rickert's philosophy and Weber's methodology: the question of the relationship between Rickert's value theory and the validity of Weber's methodological positions. Within this area, the essay focuses on the question of the relationship between Rickert's analysis of the problem of the objectivity of values and Weber's conception of the objectivity of the cultural sciences. The thesis defended is that a solution to (...)
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  5. Paul Kamolnick (2001). Simmel's Legacy for Contemporary Value Theory: A Critical Assessment. Sociological Theory 19 (1):65-85.score: 186.0
    In this essay I critically assess Georg Simmel's legacy for contemporary value theory and provide the rudiments of an alternative approach. My central thesis is that Simmel fails to satisfactorily conceptualize the nature and origin of value because of his devotion to an asocial, Cartesian-Kantian conception of mind, human freedom, and agency. In contrast, I incorporate recent data from neuroscience, social self theory, developmental psychology, and elements of Marx's theory of the commodity form to provide (...)
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  6. Michael W. Macy (1988). Value Theory and the "Golden Eggs": Appropriating the Magic of Accumulation. Sociological Theory 6 (2):131-152.score: 186.0
    Prominent neo-Marxists have recently acknowledged longstanding criticisms of Marx's labor theory of value as at best a cumbersome and redundant price model but continue to variously defend the doctrine as an interpretation of historically observed class conflict between exploiters and exploited. This essay counters that value theory also fails badly as a "labor theory of exploitation." The fundamental flaw is the canonical premise that labor alone is productive, with normative implications closer to the entrepreneurial work (...)
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  7. Amarjit S. Sethi (1986). Interactional Value Theory: An Interpretation. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 20 (3):209-222.score: 186.0
    The imperatives of organization, technology, and planning operate similarly in both capitalist and Marxist systems. Differences in behavioural outputs (such as organizational productivity, industrial relations behaviour, or the outcomes of different health services systems) can be explained by adopting a framework of an interactional value theory which accepts convergence of different value systems and points out and analyzes differences in outputs in light of interactions between available “climatic techniques and preferred values”. The interactional approach links together “ethical (...)
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  8. William S. Sahakian (1963). Systems of Ethics and Value Theory. New York, Philosophical Library.score: 184.0
    In the extensive study, Systems of Ethics and Value Theory, author William S. Sahakian deconstructs these two complex philosophical systems for a scholarly audience.
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  9. Don Fallis (2005). Epistemic Value Theory and Social Epistemology. Episteme 2 (3):177-188.score: 180.0
    In order to guide the decisions of real people who want to bring about good epistemic outcomes for themselves and others, we need to understand our epistemic values. In Knowledge in a Social World, Alvin Goldman has proposed an epistemic value theory that allows us to say whether one outcome is epistemically better than another. However, it has been suggested that Goldman's theory is not really an epistemic value theory at all because whether one outcome (...)
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  10. Judith N. Scoville (1995). Value Theory and Ecology in Environmental Ethics: A Comparison of Rolston and Niebuhr. Environmental Ethics 17 (2):115-133.score: 180.0
    The objective of Holmes Rolston, III’s writings has been the development of an “ecologically formed” environmental ethics based both on environmental values and ecological description. I show how recasting Rolston’s value theory in terms of H. Richard Niebuhr’s relational value theory can clarify and strengthen this project. Niebuhr developed a theory of value in which value is found in relationships and value systems are constructed in relation to centers of value. Niebuhr’s (...)
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  11. Corey Brettschneider (2006). The Value Theory of Democracy. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 5 (3):259-278.score: 180.0
    Liberal political theorists often argue that justice requires limits on policy outcomes, limits delineated by substantive rights. Distinct from this project is a body of literature dedicated to elaborating on the meaning of democracy in procedural terms. In this article, I offer an alternative to the traditional divide between procedural theories of democracy and substantive theories of justice; I call this the ‘value theory of democracy’. I argue that the democratic ideal is fundamentally about a core set of (...)
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  12. Carol Ann Smith (1980). Technology and Value Theory. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:481 - 490.score: 180.0
    A rough categorization of issues in the field of Technology and Society Studies is provided and the kinds of values and value issues under discussion are examined. It is argued that value theory is not sufficiently well-developed to address some of the value issues that arise. Three approaches to values with which the author disagrees are discussed: the atomistic view of values; the ordinary language approach; and, an approach the author calls the "rationality approach". Under the (...)
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  13. Mark Schroeder, Value Theory. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 180.0
    The term “value theory” is used in at least three different ways in philosophy. In its broadest sense, “value theory” is a catch-all label used to encompass all branches of moral philosophy, social and political philosophy, aesthetics, and sometimes feminist philosophy and the philosophy of religion — whatever areas of philosophy are deemed to encompass some “evaluative” aspect. In its narrowest sense, “value theory” is used for a relatively narrow area of normative ethical (...) of particular concern to consequentialists. In this narrow sense, “value theory” is roughly synonymous with “axiology”. Axiology can be thought of as primarily concerned with classifying what things are good, and how good they are. For instance, a traditional question of axiology concerns whether the objects of value are subjective psychological states, or objective states of the world. (shrink)
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  14. Ben Fine & Alfredo Saad-Filho (2008). Production Vs. Realisation in Marx's Theory of Value: A Reply to Kincaid. Historical Materialism 16 (4):167-180.score: 180.0
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  15. D. Marquis (2002). A Defence of the Potential Future of Value Theory. Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (3):198-201.score: 180.0
    In this issue of the journal Mark Brown has offered a new argument against my potential future of value theory. I argue that even though the premises of this new argument are far more defensible than the premises of his old argument, the new argument does not show that the potential future of value theory of the wrongness of killing is false. If the considerations to which Brown appeals are used, not to show that the potential (...)
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  16. Peter Vallentyne & Shelly Kagan (1997). Infinite Value and Finitely Additive Value Theory. Journal of Philosophy 94 (1):5-26.score: 176.0
    000000001. Introduction Call a theory of the good—be it moral or prudential—aggregative just in case (1) it recognizes local (or location-relative) goodness, and (2) the goodness of states of affairs is based on some aggregation of local goodness. The locations for local goodness might be points or regions in time, space, or space-time; or they might be people, or states of nature.1 Any method of aggregation is allowed: totaling, averaging, measuring the equality of the distribution, measuring the minimum, etc.. (...)
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  17. Peter Miller (1982). Value as Richness: Toward a Value Theory for the Expanded Naturalism in Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 4 (2):101-114.score: 176.0
    There is a widespread conviction amongst nature lovers, environmental activists, and many writers on environmental ethics that the value of the natural world is not restricted to its utility to humankind, but contains an independent intrinsic worth as weIl. Most contemporary value theories, however, are psychologically based and thus ill-suited to characterize such natural intrinsic value. The theory of “value asrichness” presented in this paper attempts to articulate a plausible nonpsychological theory of value (...)
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  18. Alan Carter (2005). Inegalitarian Biocentric Consequentialism, the Minimax Implication and Multidimensional Value Theory: A Brief Proposal for a New Direction in Environmental Ethics. Utilitas 17 (1):62-84.score: 174.0
    Perhaps the most impressive environmental ethic developed to date in any detail is Robin Attfield's biocentric consequentialism. Indeed, on first study, it appears sufficiently impressive that, before presenting any alternative theoretical approach, one would first need to establish why one should not simply embrace Attfield's. After outlining a seemingly decisive flaw in his theory, and then criticizing his response to it, this article adumbrates a very different theoretical basis for an environmental ethic: namely, a value-pluralist one. In so (...)
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  19. Guglielmo Carchedi (2009). The Fallacies of 'New Dialectics' and Value-Form Theory. Historical Materialism 17 (1):145-169.score: 168.0
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  20. Nicla Vassallo (forthcoming). Undertermination and Theory-Ladenness Against Impartiality. A Defence of Value Free Science and Value-Laden Technology. Protosociology 53.score: 168.0
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  21. Steven Connor (1992). Theory and Cultural Value. Blackwell.score: 168.0
     
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  22. H. N. Peters (1939). Experimental Studies of the Judgmental Theory of Feeling: III. The Absolute Shift in Affective Value Conditioned by Learned Reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 24 (1):73.score: 168.0
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  23. James Shanteau & Norman H. Anderson (1972). Integration Theory Applied to Judgments of the Value of Information. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (2):266.score: 168.0
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  24. Scott Hill (2011). An Adamsian Theory of Intrinsic Value. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (3):273-289.score: 162.0
    In this paper I develop a theological account of intrinsic value drawn from some passages in Robert Merrihew Adams’ book Finite and Infinite Goods. First I explain why Adams’ work on this topic is interesting, situate his theory within the broader literature on intrinsic value, and draw attention to some of its revisionist features. Next I state the theory, raise some problems for it, and refine it in light of those problems. Then I illustrate how the (...)
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  25. Samuel Knafo (2007). Political Marxism and Value Theory: Bridging the Gap Between Theory and History. Historical Materialism 15 (2):75-104.score: 162.0
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  26. Jim Kincaid (2009). The Logical Construction of Value-Theory: More on Fine and Saad-Filho. Historical Materialism 17 (3):208-220.score: 162.0
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  27. Thomas Hurka (2006). Value Theory. In David Copp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press. 357--379.score: 156.0
  28. Don Fallis (2005). Epistemic Value Theory and Judgment Aggregation. Episteme 2 (1):39-55.score: 156.0
    The doctrinal paradox shows that aggregating individual judgments by taking a majority vote does not always yield a consistent set of collective judgments. Philip Pettit, Luc Bovens, and Wlodek Rabinowicz have recently argued for the epistemic superiority of an aggregation procedure that always yields a consistent set of judgments. This paper identifies several additional epistemic advantages of their consistency maintaining procedure. However, this paper also shows that there are some circumstances where the majority vote procedure is epistemically superior. The epistemic (...)
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  29. J. Donald Butler (1954). The Role of Value Theory in Education. Educational Theory 4 (1):69-86.score: 156.0
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  30. Lauren S. Purnell & R. Edward Freeman (2012). Stakeholder Theory, Fact/Value Dichotomy, and the Normative Core: How Wall Street Stops the Ethics Conversation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 109 (1):109-116.score: 156.0
    A review of the stakeholder literature reveals that the concept of "normative core" can be applied in three main ways: philosophical justification of stakeholder theory, theoretical governing principles of a firm, and managerial beliefs/values influencing the underlying narrative of business. When considering the case of Wall Street, we argue that the managerial application of normative core reveals the imbedded nature of the fact/value dichotomy. Problems arise when the work of the fact/value dichotomy contributes to a closed-core institution. (...)
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  31. Douglas Magendanz (2003). Conflict and Complexity in Value Theory. Journal of Value Inquiry 37 (4):443-453.score: 156.0
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  32. John R. Welch (1994). Science and Ethics: Toward a Theory of Ethical Value. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 25 (2):279 - 292.score: 156.0
    This article sketches descriptive and normative components of a theory of ethical value. The normative component, which receives the lion’s share of attention, is developed by adapting Laudan’s levels of scientific discourse. The resulting levels of ethical discourse can be critically addressed through the use of inductive inference, falsification, and causal inference. These techniques are likewise appropriate to the corresponding levels of scientific discourse.
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  33. Tony Smith (1998). Value Theory and Dialectics. Science and Society 62 (3):460 - 470.score: 156.0
    If Capital is read as a work in systematic dialectics, early and later stages of the work do not relate externally as model and concrete reality. Both are instead different conceptualizations of the same totality. On this reading standard objections to the so-called "transformation problem" dissipate. An appreciation of dialectics also enables a deeper comprehension of Marx's key notions of "value" and "abstract labor.".
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  34. Craig Delancey (2004). Teleofunctions and Oncomice: The Case for Revising Varner's Value Theory. Environmental Ethics 26 (2):171-188.score: 156.0
    The view that organisms deserve moral respect because they have their own purposes is often grounded in a specification of the biological functions that the organism has. One way to identify such functions, adopted by Gary Varner, is to determine the etiology of some behavior based on the evolution of the structures enabling it. This view suffers from some unacceptable problems, including that some organisms with profound defects will by definition have a welfare interest in their defects. For example, this (...)
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  35. J. Prescott Johnson (1967). The Fact-Value Question in Early Modern Value Theory. Journal of Value Inquiry 1 (1):64-71.score: 156.0
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  36. Alejandro Agafonow (2013). Toward A Positive Theory of Social Entrepreneurship. On Maximizing Versus Satisficing Value Capture. Journal of Business Ethics:1-5.score: 156.0
    In a recent issue of the Journal of Business Ethics, Filipe M. Santos posits that social entrepreneurs maximize not on value capture, but on value creation, only satisficing on value capture to fuel operations, reinvesting in growth, whatever the specific combination of institutional means is deemed appropriate. No doubt the analytical framework of value creation and value capture casts new light on the phenomenon of social entrepreneurship, but we think Santos is asking too much by (...)
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  37. Ray Lepley (1954). The Current Status of Value Theory. Educational Theory 4 (2):158-165.score: 156.0
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  38. Sergey F. Anisimov (1996). Value Theory in Twentieth-Century Russian Philosophy. Journal of Value Inquiry 30 (1-2):91-100.score: 156.0
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  39. Robert Edgar Carter (1979). Comparative Value Theory. Journal of Value Inquiry 13 (1):33-56.score: 156.0
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  40. Ralph W. Clark (1981). A Way to Escape Two Important Dilemmas in Value Theory. Journal of Value Inquiry 15 (2):125-136.score: 156.0
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  41. Silviu Guiasu (2011). Three Ancient Problems Solved by Using the Game Theory Logic Based on the Shapley Value. Synthese 181 (1):65 - 79.score: 156.0
    The ancient problems of bankruptcy, contested garment, and rights arbitration have generated many studies, debates, and controversy. The objective of this paper is to show that the Shapley value from game theory, measuring the power of each player in a game, may be consistently applied for getting the general one-step solution of all these three problems viewed as -person games. The decision making is based on the same tool, namely the game theory logic based on the use (...)
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  42. Wlodek Rabinowicz & Kevin Mulligan (2009). Editorial-Guest Editors' Introduction to a Special Issue on Value Theory. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12:327-328.score: 156.0
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  43. Jeffrey Spring (2011). Rights and Well-Being in Amartya Sen's Value Theory. Journal of Value Inquiry 45 (1):13-26.score: 156.0
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  44. J. N. Findlay (2014). Values and Intentions: A Study in Value-Theory and Philosophy of Mind. Routledge.score: 156.0
    Professor Findlay in this book, originally published in 1961, set out to justify, and to some extent carry out, a ‘material value-ethic’, ie. A systematic setting forth of the ends of rational action. The book is in the tradition of Moore, Rashfall, Ross, Scheler and Hartmann though it avoids altogether dogmatic intuitive methods. It argues that an organised framework of ends of action follows from the attitude underlying our moral pronouncements, and that this framework, while allowing personal elaboration, is (...)
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  45. R. T. Hull, A. V. Razin, D. Longo, S. F. Anisimov, A. I. Titarenko, E. L. Dubko, V. S. Pazenok & V. N. Sagatovsky (1996). Symposium: Russian Value Theory. Journal of Value Inquiry 30:81-167.score: 156.0
     
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  46. Kalmonick Paul (2001). Simmel's Legacy for Contemporary Value Theory. Sociological Theory 19:65-85.score: 156.0
     
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  47. Jinfen Yan & David E. Schrader (2009). Value Theory and Ethics : An Introductory Perspective. In Jinfen Yan & David E. Schrader (eds.), Creating a Global Dialogue on Value Inquiry: Papers From the Xxii Congress of Philosophy (Rethinking Philosophy Today). Edwin Mellen Press.score: 156.0
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  48. Rollo Handy (1969). Value Theory and the Behavioral Sciences. Springfield, Ill.,Thomas.score: 154.0
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  49. Elizabeth Flower, Murray G. Murphey & Ivar E. Berg (eds.) (1988). Values and Value Theory in Twentieth-Century America: Essays in Honor of Elizabeth Flower. Temple University Press.score: 154.0
     
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  50. Paul W. Kurtz (1952). The Problems of Value Theory. New York.score: 154.0
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