Search results for 'Value Theory' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Barry Smith (1986). The Theory of Value of Christian von Ehrenfels. In R. Fabian (ed.), Christian von Ehrenfels: Leben und Werk. Rodopi. 150.score: 162.0
    Christian von Ehrenfels was a student of both Franz Brentano and Carl Menger and his thinking on value theory was inspired both by Brentano’s descriptive psychology and by the subjective theory of economic value advanced by Menger, the founder of the Austrian school of economics. Value, for Ehrenfels, is a function of desire, and we ascribe value to those things which we either do in fact desire, or would desire if we were not convinced (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Don Fallis (2004). Epistemic Value Theory and Information Ethics. Minds and Machines 14 (1):101-117.score: 156.0
    Three of the major issues in information ethics – intellectual property, speech regulation, and privacy – concern the morality of restricting people’s access to certain information. Consequently, policies in these areas have a significant impact on the amount and types of knowledge that people acquire. As a result, epistemic considerations are critical to the ethics of information policy decisions (cf. Mill, 1978 [1859]). The fact that information ethics is a part of the philosophy of information highlights this important connection with (...)
    Direct download (14 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Ben Fine & Alfredo Saad-Filho (2008). Production Vs. Realisation in Marx's Theory of Value: A Reply to Kincaid. Historical Materialism 16 (4):167-180.score: 132.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Andras Szigeti (2010). Constitutionalism and Value Theory. In Andras Sajo & Renata Uitz (eds.), Constitutional Topography: Values and Constitutions. ELEVEN INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHING.score: 128.0
    The theory and practice of constitutionalism is tightly interwoven with references and appeals to values. However, these references and appeals frequently remain undertheorized and are seldom connected directly to philosophical theories of value. This chapter outlines some ways in which such connections might be established.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Guy Oakes (1988). Rickert's Value Theory and the Foundations of Weber's Methodology. Sociological Theory 6 (1):38-51.score: 126.0
    The general area of this essay is an issue left unexplored by the tradition of commentary on Rickert's philosophy and Weber's methodology: the question of the relationship between Rickert's value theory and the validity of Weber's methodological positions. Within this area, the essay focuses on the question of the relationship between Rickert's analysis of the problem of the objectivity of values and Weber's conception of the objectivity of the cultural sciences. The thesis defended is that a solution to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Paul Kamolnick (2001). Simmel's Legacy for Contemporary Value Theory: A Critical Assessment. Sociological Theory 19 (1):65-85.score: 126.0
    In this essay I critically assess Georg Simmel's legacy for contemporary value theory and provide the rudiments of an alternative approach. My central thesis is that Simmel fails to satisfactorily conceptualize the nature and origin of value because of his devotion to an asocial, Cartesian-Kantian conception of mind, human freedom, and agency. In contrast, I incorporate recent data from neuroscience, social self theory, developmental psychology, and elements of Marx's theory of the commodity form to provide (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Michael W. Macy (1988). Value Theory and the "Golden Eggs": Appropriating the Magic of Accumulation. Sociological Theory 6 (2):131-152.score: 126.0
    Prominent neo-Marxists have recently acknowledged longstanding criticisms of Marx's labor theory of value as at best a cumbersome and redundant price model but continue to variously defend the doctrine as an interpretation of historically observed class conflict between exploiters and exploited. This essay counters that value theory also fails badly as a "labor theory of exploitation." The fundamental flaw is the canonical premise that labor alone is productive, with normative implications closer to the entrepreneurial work (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Amarjit S. Sethi (1986). Interactional Value Theory: An Interpretation. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 20 (3):209-222.score: 126.0
    The imperatives of organization, technology, and planning operate similarly in both capitalist and Marxist systems. Differences in behavioural outputs (such as organizational productivity, industrial relations behaviour, or the outcomes of different health services systems) can be explained by adopting a framework of an interactional value theory which accepts convergence of different value systems and points out and analyzes differences in outputs in light of interactions between available “climatic techniques and preferred values”. The interactional approach links together “ethical (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. William S. Sahakian (1963). Systems of Ethics and Value Theory. New York, Philosophical Library.score: 124.0
    In the extensive study, Systems of Ethics and Value Theory, author William S. Sahakian deconstructs these two complex philosophical systems for a scholarly audience.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Don Fallis (2005). Epistemic Value Theory and Social Epistemology. Episteme 2 (3):177-188.score: 120.0
    In order to guide the decisions of real people who want to bring about good epistemic outcomes for themselves and others, we need to understand our epistemic values. In Knowledge in a Social World, Alvin Goldman has proposed an epistemic value theory that allows us to say whether one outcome is epistemically better than another. However, it has been suggested that Goldman's theory is not really an epistemic value theory at all because whether one outcome (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Judith N. Scoville (1995). Value Theory and Ecology in Environmental Ethics: A Comparison of Rolston and Niebuhr. Environmental Ethics 17 (2):115-133.score: 120.0
    The objective of Holmes Rolston, III’s writings has been the development of an “ecologically formed” environmental ethics based both on environmental values and ecological description. I show how recasting Rolston’s value theory in terms of H. Richard Niebuhr’s relational value theory can clarify and strengthen this project. Niebuhr developed a theory of value in which value is found in relationships and value systems are constructed in relation to centers of value. Niebuhr’s (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Corey Brettschneider (2006). The Value Theory of Democracy. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 5 (3):259-278.score: 120.0
    Liberal political theorists often argue that justice requires limits on policy outcomes, limits delineated by substantive rights. Distinct from this project is a body of literature dedicated to elaborating on the meaning of democracy in procedural terms. In this article, I offer an alternative to the traditional divide between procedural theories of democracy and substantive theories of justice; I call this the ‘value theory of democracy’. I argue that the democratic ideal is fundamentally about a core set of (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Carol Ann Smith (1980). Technology and Value Theory. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:481 - 490.score: 120.0
    A rough categorization of issues in the field of Technology and Society Studies is provided and the kinds of values and value issues under discussion are examined. It is argued that value theory is not sufficiently well-developed to address some of the value issues that arise. Three approaches to values with which the author disagrees are discussed: the atomistic view of values; the ordinary language approach; and, an approach the author calls the "rationality approach". Under the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Guglielmo Carchedi (2009). The Fallacies of 'New Dialectics' and Value-Form Theory. Historical Materialism 17 (1):145-169.score: 120.0
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Mark Schroeder, Value Theory. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 120.0
    The term “value theory” is used in at least three different ways in philosophy. In its broadest sense, “value theory” is a catch-all label used to encompass all branches of moral philosophy, social and political philosophy, aesthetics, and sometimes feminist philosophy and the philosophy of religion — whatever areas of philosophy are deemed to encompass some “evaluative” aspect. In its narrowest sense, “value theory” is used for a relatively narrow area of normative ethical (...) of particular concern to consequentialists. In this narrow sense, “value theory” is roughly synonymous with “axiology”. Axiology can be thought of as primarily concerned with classifying what things are good, and how good they are. For instance, a traditional question of axiology concerns whether the objects of value are subjective psychological states, or objective states of the world. (shrink)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. D. Marquis (2002). A Defence of the Potential Future of Value Theory. Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (3):198-201.score: 120.0
    In this issue of the journal Mark Brown has offered a new argument against my potential future of value theory. I argue that even though the premises of this new argument are far more defensible than the premises of his old argument, the new argument does not show that the potential future of value theory of the wrongness of killing is false. If the considerations to which Brown appeals are used, not to show that the potential (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Nicla Vassallo (forthcoming). Undertermination and Theory-Ladenness Against Impartiality. A Defence of Value Free Science and Value-Laden Technology. Protosociology 53.score: 120.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Steven Connor (1992). Theory and Cultural Value. Blackwell.score: 120.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. H. N. Peters (1939). Experimental Studies of the Judgmental Theory of Feeling: III. The Absolute Shift in Affective Value Conditioned by Learned Reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 24 (1):73.score: 120.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. James Shanteau & Norman H. Anderson (1972). Integration Theory Applied to Judgments of the Value of Information. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (2):266.score: 120.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Peter Vallentyne & Shelly Kagan (1997). Infinite Value and Finitely Additive Value Theory. Journal of Philosophy 94 (1):5-26.score: 116.0
    000000001. Introduction Call a theory of the good—be it moral or prudential—aggregative just in case (1) it recognizes local (or location-relative) goodness, and (2) the goodness of states of affairs is based on some aggregation of local goodness. The locations for local goodness might be points or regions in time, space, or space-time; or they might be people, or states of nature.1 Any method of aggregation is allowed: totaling, averaging, measuring the equality of the distribution, measuring the minimum, etc.. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Peter Miller (1982). Value as Richness: Toward a Value Theory for the Expanded Naturalism in Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 4 (2):101-114.score: 116.0
    There is a widespread conviction amongst nature lovers, environmental activists, and many writers on environmental ethics that the value of the natural world is not restricted to its utility to humankind, but contains an independent intrinsic worth as weIl. Most contemporary value theories, however, are psychologically based and thus ill-suited to characterize such natural intrinsic value. The theory of “value asrichness” presented in this paper attempts to articulate a plausible nonpsychological theory of value (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Ali Douai (2009). Value Theory in Ecological Economics: The Contribution of a Political Economy of Wealth. Environmental Values 18 (3):257 - 284.score: 116.0
    This paper demonstrates how a Political Economy of Wealth – an analytical framework inspired from Ricardo's and Marx's theories of value – strengthens the analytical force of Socio-Ecological Economics in the context of the controversy over the value of nature. The Political Economy of Wealth helps (1) to overcome some theoretical limitations encountered in Socio-Ecological Economics, (2) to develop a critical perspective on neoclassical theory of environmental values, as well as a new justification of value incommensurability, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Scott Hill (2011). An Adamsian Theory of Intrinsic Value. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (3):273-289.score: 114.0
    In this paper I develop a theological account of intrinsic value drawn from some passages in Robert Merrihew Adams’ book Finite and Infinite Goods. First I explain why Adams’ work on this topic is interesting, situate his theory within the broader literature on intrinsic value, and draw attention to some of its revisionist features. Next I state the theory, raise some problems for it, and refine it in light of those problems. Then I illustrate how the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Alan Carter (2005). Inegalitarian Biocentric Consequentialism, the Minimax Implication and Multidimensional Value Theory: A Brief Proposal for a New Direction in Environmental Ethics. Utilitas 17 (1):62-84.score: 114.0
    Perhaps the most impressive environmental ethic developed to date in any detail is Robin Attfield's biocentric consequentialism. Indeed, on first study, it appears sufficiently impressive that, before presenting any alternative theoretical approach, one would first need to establish why one should not simply embrace Attfield's. After outlining a seemingly decisive flaw in his theory, and then criticizing his response to it, this article adumbrates a very different theoretical basis for an environmental ethic: namely, a value-pluralist one. In so (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Andrew Youpa (2010). Spinoza's Theories of Value. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (2):209 – 229.score: 108.0
    According to a widely accepted reading of the "Ethics," Spinoza subscribes to a desire-satisfaction theory of value. A desire-satisfaction theory says that what has value is the satisfaction of one’s desires and whatever leads to the satisfaction of one’s desires. In this paper I argue that this standard reading is incorrect, and I show that in Spinoza’s view the foundation of what is truly valuable is the perfection of a person’s essence, not the satisfaction of a (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Marjo Elisa Siltaoja (2006). Value Priorities as Combining Core Factors Between CSR and Reputation – a Qualitative Study. Journal of Business Ethics 68 (1):91 - 111.score: 108.0
    This article explores the nature of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and corporate reputation using qualitative research approach. Specifically, the relationship between CSR and corporate reputation is examined from the viewpoint of value theory. This paper brings up for discussion the various value priorities lying in the background of CSR actions. The aim is to form categories of value priorities around CSR and reputation, based on qualitative research approach. The main concepts in this paper – CSR, reputation (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Lauren S. Purnell & R. Edward Freeman (2012). Stakeholder Theory, Fact/Value Dichotomy, and the Normative Core: How Wall Street Stops the Ethics Conversation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 109 (1):109-116.score: 108.0
    A review of the stakeholder literature reveals that the concept of "normative core" can be applied in three main ways: philosophical justification of stakeholder theory, theoretical governing principles of a firm, and managerial beliefs/values influencing the underlying narrative of business. When considering the case of Wall Street, we argue that the managerial application of normative core reveals the imbedded nature of the fact/value dichotomy. Problems arise when the work of the fact/value dichotomy contributes to a closed-core institution. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. John R. Welch (1994). Science and Ethics: Toward a Theory of Ethical Value. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 25 (2):279 - 292.score: 108.0
    This article sketches descriptive and normative components of a theory of ethical value. The normative component, which receives the lion’s share of attention, is developed by adapting Laudan’s levels of scientific discourse. The resulting levels of ethical discourse can be critically addressed through the use of inductive inference, falsification, and causal inference. These techniques are likewise appropriate to the corresponding levels of scientific discourse.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Alejandro Agafonow (2013). Toward A Positive Theory of Social Entrepreneurship. On Maximizing Versus Satisficing Value Capture. Journal of Business Ethics:1-5.score: 108.0
    In a recent issue of the Journal of Business Ethics, Filipe M. Santos posits that social entrepreneurs maximize not on value capture, but on value creation, only satisficing on value capture to fuel operations, reinvesting in growth, whatever the specific combination of institutional means is deemed appropriate. No doubt the analytical framework of value creation and value capture casts new light on the phenomenon of social entrepreneurship, but we think Santos is asking too much by (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Silviu Guiasu (2011). Three Ancient Problems Solved by Using the Game Theory Logic Based on the Shapley Value. Synthese 181 (1):65 - 79.score: 108.0
    The ancient problems of bankruptcy, contested garment, and rights arbitration have generated many studies, debates, and controversy. The objective of this paper is to show that the Shapley value from game theory, measuring the power of each player in a game, may be consistently applied for getting the general one-step solution of all these three problems viewed as -person games. The decision making is based on the same tool, namely the game theory logic based on the use (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Greg Moses (2013). A Compass for Valuation: Peircean Realism in Alain Locke's Functional Theory of Value. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 27 (4):402-424.score: 102.0
    Thanks largely to the efforts of Leonard Harris and scholars affiliated with the Alain Locke Society, Alain LeRoy Locke has for the past few decades been reconstructed as a "critical pragmatist" (see Carter and Harris 2010; Harris 1989, 1999). By Locke's own account, the "activist theory of knowledge" advanced by American pragmatism was a worthwhile innovation that had yet to become activist enough in its value theory (Harris 1989, 8). In pursuit of what we today term his (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Samuel Knafo (2007). Political Marxism and Value Theory: Bridging the Gap Between Theory and History. Historical Materialism 15 (2):75-104.score: 102.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. D. J. Johnstone (2007). The Value of a Probability Forecast From Portfolio Theory. Theory and Decision 63 (2):153-203.score: 102.0
    A probability forecast scored ex post using a probability scoring rule (e.g. Brier) is analogous to a risky financial security. With only superficial adaptation, the same economic logic by which securities are valued ex ante – in particular, portfolio theory and the capital asset pricing model (CAPM) – applies to the valuation of probability forecasts. Each available forecast of a given event is valued relative to each other and to the “market” (all available forecasts). A forecast is seen to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Jim Kincaid (2009). The Logical Construction of Value-Theory: More on Fine and Saad-Filho. Historical Materialism 17 (3):208-220.score: 102.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Gerald F. Gaus (1990). Value and Justification: The Foundations of Liberal Theory. Cambridge University Press.score: 100.0
    This important new book takes as its points of departure two questions: What is the nature of valuing? and What morality can be justified in a society that deeply disagrees on what is truly valuable? In Part One, the author develops a theory of value that attempts to reconcile reason with passions. Part Two explores how this theory of value grounds our commitment to moral action. The author argues that rational moral action can neither be seen (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Gerald J. Postema (2006). Interests, Universal and Particular: Bentham's Utilitarian Theory of Value. Utilitas 18 (2):109-133.score: 96.0
    The basic concept of Bentham's moral and political philosophy was public utility. He linked it directly with the concept of the universal interest, which comprises a distinctive partnership of the interests of all members of the community. The ultimate end of government and aim of all of morality is ‘the advancement of the universal interest’. This essay articulates the structure of Bentham's notion of universal interest and locates it in his theory of value.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Jussi Suikkanen (2005). Reasons and Value – in Defence of the Buck-Passing Account. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (5):513 - 535.score: 96.0
    In this article, I will defend the so-called buck-passing theory of value. According to this theory, claims about the value of an object refer to the reason-providing properties of the object. The concept of value can thus be analyzed in terms of reasons and the properties of objects that provide them for us. Reasons in this context are considerations that count in favour of certain attitudes. There are four other possibilities of how the connection between (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. G. A. Cohen (1983). More on Exploitation and the Labour Theory of Value. Inquiry 26 (3):309 – 331.score: 96.0
    In ?The Labour Theory of Value and the Concept of Exploitation? I distinguished between two ways in which the labour theory of value is formulated, both of which are common. In the popular formulation, the amount of value a commodity has depends on how much labour was spent producing it. In the strict formulation, which is so called because it formulates the labour theory of value proper, the amount of value a commodity (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Thomas Hurka (2006). Value Theory. In David Copp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press. 357--379.score: 96.0
  41. Nancy Holmstrom (1983). Marx and Cohen on Exploitation and the Labor Theory of Value. Inquiry 26 (3):287 – 307.score: 96.0
    Gerald A. Cohen, in ?The Labor Theory of Value and the Concept of Exploitation?, argues that, contrary to the traditional assumption, Marx's charge of exploitation against capitalism does not require the labor theory of value. However, there is a related but simpler basis for the charge. Hence Marx's criticism can stand even if the labor theory of value falls. Furthermore, he argues that the labor theory of value is false. It is argued (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Peter King, Did Marx Hold a Labor Theory of Value?score: 96.0
    In the first volume of Capital, Marx introduces a labor theory of value. The theory is supposed to form the basis of his “laying bare” the “inner workings” of capitalism. The theory rests on two claims, and at the outset Marx uses it to explain four features of capitalist production. Yet by the end of the final volume of Capital, he abandons both claims and offers alternative accounts of all four features of capitalism. We hold that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Michael C. Jensen (2002). Value Maximization, Stakeholder Theory, and the Corporate Objective Function. Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (2):235-256.score: 96.0
    Abstract: In this article, I offer a proposal to clarify what I believe is the proper relation between value maximization and stakeholder theory, which I call enlightened value maximization. Enlightened value maximization utilizes much of the structure of stakeholder theory but accepts maximization of the long-run value of the firm as the criterion for making the requisite tradeoffs among its stakeholders, and specifies long-term value maximization or value seeking as the firm’s objective. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. J. Baird Callicott (1985). Intrinsic Value, Quantum Theory, and Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 7 (3):257-275.score: 96.0
    The central and most recalcitrant problem for environmental ethics is the problem of constructing an adequate theory of intrinsic value for nonhuman natural entities and for nature as a whole. In part one, I retrospectively survey the problem, review certain classical approaches to it, and recommend one as an adequate, albeit only partial, solution. In part two, I show that the classical theory of inherent value for nonhuman entities and nature as a whole outlined in part (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Gilbert H. Harman (1967). Toward a Theory of Intrinsic Value. Journal of Philosophy 64 (23):792-804.score: 96.0
    In this paper I examine what I will call "the standard account" of intrinsic value as it appears in recent textbooks written by John Hospers, William Frankena, and Richard B. Brandt. I argue: (a) it is not clear whether a theory of intrinsic value can be developed along the lines of the standard account; (b) if one is to develop such a theory, one will need to introduce a notion of "basic intrinsic value" in addition (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Ulrich Steinvorth (1977). Marx's Theory of Value. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 7 (4):385-396.score: 96.0
    interpretation of Marx's economic theory of value. which has been widely accepted up to this day, is based on Marx's approach to a theory of value in his third volume of Capital. But the theory of value of the first volume of Capital, implied by Marx's analyses in the first volume of Capital and only summarized in its first chapter, is inconsistent with the third volume's approach. It is consistent with theories of value (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Don Fallis (2005). Epistemic Value Theory and Judgment Aggregation. Episteme 2 (1):39-55.score: 96.0
    The doctrinal paradox shows that aggregating individual judgments by taking a majority vote does not always yield a consistent set of collective judgments. Philip Pettit, Luc Bovens, and Wlodek Rabinowicz have recently argued for the epistemic superiority of an aggregation procedure that always yields a consistent set of judgments. This paper identifies several additional epistemic advantages of their consistency maintaining procedure. However, this paper also shows that there are some circumstances where the majority vote procedure is epistemically superior. The epistemic (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Edward J. Welch (1997). Business Ethics in Theory and Practice: Diagnostic Notes A. A Prescription for Value. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (3):309-313.score: 96.0
    A business ethics practitioner and a moral theologian discuss business ethics. Drawing from value-added accounting principles, and extending them to include the company's stake-holders, especially its employees, Welch explains their significance for the origin, formation, and direction of his company's new ethics program. Primeaux responds to Welch from a perspective rooted in the economic theory of profit maximization and its ethical implications. Among the similarities in their thinking is a serious consideration of the role of profit for business (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. J. Donald Butler (1954). The Role of Value Theory in Education. Educational Theory 4 (1):69-86.score: 96.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Adam Mossoff (2012). Saving Locke From Marx: The Labor Theory of Value in Intellectual Property Theory. Social Philosophy and Policy 29 (2):283-317.score: 96.0
    The labor theory of value is fundamental to John LockeJustifying Intellectual Property,s physical labor contributes only proportionally to this socially-created market value. Robert Nozick, G. A. Cohen, and other philosophers similarly dismiss the labor theory of value as illogical or incoherent. But these philosophers redefine Lockes labor theory of economic value. The principle of interpretative charity demands reconsideration of Lockes property theory within the context of his natural law ethical theory, as (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000