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  1. Francisco J. Varela & Jean-Pierre Dupuy (forthcoming). Understanding Origins. Contemporary Views on the Origin of Life. Mind and Society. Dordrecht, Boston, London.
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  2. Shaun Gallagher & Francisco Varela (2010). Przerysować mapę i przestawić czas: fenomenologia i nauki kognitywne. Avant 1 (1).
    We argue that phenomenology can be of central and positive importance to the cognitive sciences, and that it can also learn from the empirical research conducted in those sciences. We discuss the project of naturalizing phenomenology and how this can be best accomplished. We provide several examples of how phenomenology and the cognitive sciences can integrate their research. Specifically, we consider issues related to embodied cognition and intersubjectivity. We provide a detailed analysis of issues related to time-consciousness, with reference to (...)
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  3. Francisco Varela (2010). Neurofenomenologia: metodologiczne lekarstwo na trudny problem. Avant 1 (1):31-75.
    This paper responds to the issues raised by D. Chalmers by offering a research direction which is quite radical because of the way in which methodological principles are linked to scientific studies of consciousness. Neuro-phenomenology is the name I use here to designate a quest to marry modern cognitive science and a disciplined approach to human experience, thereby placing myself in the lineage of the continental tradition of Phenomenology. My claim is that the so-called hard problem that animates these Special (...)
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  4. Francisco J. Varela & Bernhard Poerksen (2006). Truth is What Works : Francisco J. Varela on Cognitive Science, Buddhism, the Inseparability of Subject and Object, and the Exaggerations of Constructivism--A Conversation. Journal of Aesthetic Education 40 (1):35-53.
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  5. Francisco J. Varela (2005). At the Source of Time: Valence and the Constitutional Dynamics of Affect: The Question, the Background: How Affect Originarily Shapes Time. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (8-10):8-10.
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  6. Natalie Depraz, F. Varela & Pierre Vermersch (2003). On Becoming Aware: A Pragmatics of Experiencing. John Benjamins.
    Searches for the sources and means for a disciplined practical approach to exploring human experience.
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  7. Natalie Depraz, Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch (eds.) (2003). On Becoming Aware: A Pragmatics of Experiencing. Advances in Consciousness Research.
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  8. Natalie Depraz, Francisco Varela & Pierre Vermersch (2003). The Basic Cycle. In Natalie Depraz, Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch (eds.), On Becoming Aware: A Pragmatics of Experiencing. John Benjamins. 15-63.
     
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  9. Shaun Gallagher & Francisco J. Varela (2003). Redrawing the Map and Resetting the Time. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 33 (Supplement):93-132.
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  10. F. J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch (2003). The Point of View of the Researcher. In Natalie Depraz, Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch (eds.), On Becoming Aware: A Pragmatics of Experiencing. John Benjamins. 115-154.
  11. F. Varela & Evan Thompson (2003). Neural Synchrony and the Unity of Mind: A Neurophenomenological Perspective. In Axel Cleeremans (ed.), The Unity of Consciousness. Oxford University Press.
  12. Antoine Lutz, Jacques Martinerie, Jean-Philippe Lachaux & Francisco J. Varela (2002). Guiding the Study of Brain Dynamics by Using First- Person Data: Synchrony Patterns Correlate with Ongoing Conscious States During a Simple Visual Task. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the Usa 99 (3):1586-1591.
    Laboratoire de Neurosciences Cognitives et Imagerie Ce´re´brale (LENA), Hoˆpital de La Salpeˆtrie`re, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS).
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  13. F. Varela (2002). Upwards and Downwards Causation in the Brain: Case Studies on the Emergence and Efficacy of Consciousness. In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind. John Benjamins. 33--95.
  14. Andreas Weber & Francisco J. Varela (2002). Life After Kant: Natural Purposes and the Autopoietic Foundations of Biological Individuality. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (2):97-125.
    This paper proposes a basic revision of the understanding of teleology in biological sciences. Since Kant, it has become customary to view purposiveness in organisms as a bias added by the observer; the recent notion of teleonomy expresses well this as-if character of natural purposes. In recent developments in science, however, notions such as self-organization (or complex systems) and the autopoiesis viewpoint, have displaced emergence and circular self-production as central features of life. Contrary to an often superficial reading, Kant gives (...)
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  15. Shaun Gallagher & Francisco Varela, Redrawing the Map and Resetting the Time: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences. The Reach of Reflection: The Future of Phenomenology.
  16. Evan Thompson & Francisco J. Varela (2001). Radical Embodiment: Neural Dynamics and Consciousness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (10):418-425.
  17. F. Varela (2001). Intimate Distances: Fragments for a Phenomenology of Organ Transplantation. Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (5-7):259-271.
  18. Francisco J. Varela (2001). Consciousness: The Inside View. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (7):318-319.
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  19. Natalie Depraz, F. Varela & Pierre Vermersch (2000). The Gesture of Awareness: An Account of its Structural Dynamics. In Max Velmans (ed.), Investigating Phenomenal Consciousness: New Methodologies and Maps. John Benjamins. 13--121.
  20. Natalie Depraz, Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch (2000). La réduction a l'épreuve de l'expérience. Études Phénoménologiques 16 (31-32):165-184.
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  21. F. Varela (2000). Neural Synchrony and Consciousness: Are We Getting Somewhere? Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S26 - S27.
     
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  22. Jean Petitot, Franscisco J. Varela, Barnard Pacoud & Jean-Michel Roy (eds.) (1999). Naturalizing Phenomenology. Stanford University Press.
  23. Jean-Michel Roy, Jean Petitot, Bernard Pachoud & Francisco J. Varela (1999). Beyond the Gap: An Introduction to Naturalizing Phenomenology. In Jean Petitot, Franscisco J. Varela, Barnard Pacoud & Jean-Michel Roy (eds.), Naturalizing Phenomenology. Stanford University Press.
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  24. J. Shear & Francisco J. Varela (eds.) (1999). The View From Within: First-Person Approaches to the Study of Consciousness. Imprint Academic.
    The study of conscious experience per se has not kept pace with the dramatic advances in PET, fMRI and other brain-scanning technologies. If anything, the standard approaches to examining the 'view from within' involve little more than cataloguing its readily accessible components. Thus the study of lived subjective experience is still at the level of Aristotelian science, leading to a widespread scepticism over the possibility of a truly scientific study of conscious experience. Drawing on a wide range of approaches -- (...)
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  25. Evan Thompson & Francisco J. Varela (1999). Autopoiesis and Lifelines: The Importance of Origins. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):909-910.
    Lifelines provides a useful corrective to “ultra-Darwinism” but it is marred by its failure to cite its scientific predecessors. Rose's argument could have been strengthened by taking greater account of the theory of autopoiesis in biology and of enactive cognitive science.
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  26. F. J. Varela & Jonathan Shear (1999). Editors' Rejoinder to the Debate. Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):2-3.
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  27. F. J. Varela & Jonathan Shear (1999). First-Person Accounts: Why, What, and How. Journal of Consciousness Studies 6:1-14.
     
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  28. Francisco Varela (1999). The Specious Present: A Neurophenomenology of Time Consciousness. In Jean Petitot, Franscisco J. Varela, Barnard Pacoud & Jean-Michel Roy (eds.), Naturalizing Phenomenology. Stanford University Press. 266--314.
  29. Francisco J. Varela (1999). Ethical Know-How: Action, Wisdom, and Cognition. Stanford University Press.
    How can science be brought to connect with experience? This book addresses two of the most challenging problems facing contemporary neurobiology and cognitive science. Firstly, understanding how we unconsciously execute habitual actions as a result of neurological and cognitive processes that are not formal actions of conscious judgment but part of a habitual nexus of systematic self-organization. Secondly, attempting to create an ethics adequate to our present awareness that there is no such thing as a transcendental self, a stable subject (...)
     
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  30. Francisco J. Varela (1999). Present-Time Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):111-140.
    My purpose in this article is to propose an explicitly naturalized account of the experience of present nowness on the basis of two complementary sources: phenomenological analysis and cognitive neuroscience. What I mean by naturalization, and the role cognitive neuroscience plays will become clear as the paper unfolds, but the main intention is to use the consciousness of present time as a study case for the phenomenological framework presented by Depraz in this Special Issue.
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  31. Francisco Varela & Jonathan Shear (1999). First-Person Methodologies: What, Why, How? Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):1-14.
  32. Francisco Varela & Jonathan Shear (1999). Peer Commentary and Responses 307. In J. Shear & Francisco J. Varela (eds.), The View From Within: First-Person Approaches to the Study of Consciousness. Imprint Academic. 6--2.
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  33. F. Varela (1998). A Science of Consciousness as If Experience Mattered. In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness 1996. MIT Press.
  34. Francisco Varela (1998). Is There an Unconscious in Buddhist Teaching? A Conversation Between Joyce McDougall and His Holiness the Dalai Lama. In Anthony Molino (ed.), The Couch and the Tree: Dialogues in Psychoanalysis and Buddhism. North Point Press.
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  35. Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch (1998). Fully Embodying the Personal Level. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):777-778.
    The target article concludes that it is essential to introduce the personal level in cognitive science. We propose to take this conclusion one step further. The personal level should consist of first-person accounts of specific, contextualized experiences, not abstract or imagined cases. Exploring first-person accounts at their own level of detail calls for the refinements of method that can link up with neural accounts.
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  36. F. J. Varela (1997). Metaphor to Mechanism; Natural to Disciplined. Journal of Consciousness Studies 4 (4):344-346.
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  37. Francisco J. Varela (1997). The Naturalization of Phenomenology as the Transcendence of Nature: Searching for Generative Mutual Constraints. Alter: revue de phénoménologie 5:355-385.
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  38. Francisco Varela (1996). Phenomenology In Consciousness Research. Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (4):330-349.
  39. F. Varela (1995). Neurophenomenology: A Methodological Remedy for the Hard Problem. Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (4):330-49.
  40. Francisco Varela (1994). A Cognitive View of the Immune System. World Futures 42 (1):31-40.
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  41. Francisco J. Varela, Jean-Pierre Dupuy & Elias L. Khalil (1994). Understanding Origins: Contemporary Views on the Origin of Life, Mind and Society. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
     
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  42. Humberto R. Maturana & Francisco J. Varela (1992). The Tree of Knowledge:The Biological Roots of Human Understanding. Cognition.
    "Knowing how we know" is the subject of this book. Its authors present a new view of cognition that has important social and ethical implications, for, they assert, the only world we humans can have is the one we create together through the actions of our coexistence. Written for a general audience as well as for students, scholars, and scientists and abundantly illustrated with examples from biology, linguistics, and new social and cultural phenomena, this revised edition includes a new afterword (...)
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  43. Evan Thompson, A. Palacios & F. J. Varela (1992). Ways of Coloring. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):1-26.
    Different explanations of color vision favor different philosophical positions: Computational vision is more compatible with objectivism (the color is in the object), psychophysics and neurophysiology with subjectivism (the color is in the head). Comparative research suggests that an explanation of color must be both experientialist (unlike objectivism) and ecological (unlike subjectivism). Computational vision's emphasis on optimally prespecified features of the environment (i.e., distal properties, independent of the sensory-motor capacities of the animal) is unsatisfactory. Conceiving of visual perception instead as the (...)
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  44. Evan Thompson, Adrian Palacios & Francisco J. Varela (1992). On the Ways to Color. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):56-74.
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  45. F. J. Varela (1992). Whence Perceptual Meaning? A Cartography of Current Ideas. Red. FJ Varela I JP Dupuy. Understanding Origins: Contemporary Views on the Origin of Life. [REVIEW] Mind, and Society. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 130.
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  46. Francisco Varela, Evan Thompson & Eleanor Rosch (1991). The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience. MIT Press.
    The Embodied Mind provides a unique, sophisticated treatment of the spontaneous and reflective dimension of human experience.
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  47. Francisco J. Varela (1990). Between Turing and Quantum Mechanics There is Body to Be Found. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):687-688.
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  48. Francisco T. Varela & Vicente Sanchez-Leighton (1990). On Observing Emergent Properties and Their Compositions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):401-402.
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  49. Francisco J. Varela (1979). The Extended Calculus of Indications Interpreted as a Three-Valued Logic. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 20 (1):141-146.
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  50. Humberto R. Maturana, Samy G. Frenk & Francisco G. Varela (1972). Size Constancy and the Problem of Perceptual Spaces. Cognition 1 (1):97-104.
    The phenomenon of size constancy is defined as the apparent perceptual invariance of the linear dimensions of a seen object as this approaches the eye or recedes from it. It has been interpreted as resulting from the application by the brain of a size correction, made possible by the subject's apprehension of distance cues present in the image. We present several observations which, by dissociating accommodation from distance of the seen object and by suppressing the optic effects of accommodation on (...)
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