Search results for 'Verb' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  2
    Anna L. Theakston, Paul Ibbotson, Daniel Freudenthal, Elena V. M. Lieven & Michael Tomasello (2015). Productivity of Noun Slots in Verb Frames. Cognitive Science 39 (6):1369-1395.
    Productivity is a central concept in the study of language and language acquisition. As a test case for exploring the notion of productivity, we focus on the noun slots of verb frames, such as __want__, __see__, and __get__. We develop a novel combination of measures designed to assess both the flexibility and creativity of use in these slots. We do so using a rigorously controlled sample of child speech and child directed speech from three English-speaking children between the ages (...)
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  2.  3
    Arian Shahrokny-Prehn & Silke Höche (2011). Rising through the registers – A corpus-based account of the stylistic constraints on Light Verb Constructions. Corpus 10:239-257.
    En parcourant les registres – Une étude en corpus des usages stylistiques des « Light Verb Constructions » Cette contribution est consacrée aux aspects stylistiques d’usage de ce que l’on appelle des « Light Verb Constructions » (LVC) ; des phrases verbales complexes en Anglais. Alors que la majorité d’études jusqu’à présent se mettent d’accord sur la « note familière » des LVCs, des données empiriques montrent une vision plus complexe et hétérogène. Nos résultats qui sont basés sur (...)
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  3.  33
    Andrew Carnie & Eithne Guilfoyle (eds.) (2000). The Syntax of the Verb Initial Languages. Oxford University Press.
    This volume contains twelve chapters on the derivation of and the correlates to verb initial word order. The studies in this volume cover such widely divergent languages as Irish, Welsh, Scots Gaelic, Old Irish, Biblical Hebrew, Jakaltek, Mam, Lummi (Straits Salish), Niuean, Malagasy, Palauan, K'echi', and Zapotec, from a wide variety of theoretical perspectives, including Minimalism, information structure, and sentence processing. The first book to take a crosslinguistic comparative approach to verb initial syntax, this volume provides new data (...)
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  4.  7
    Jean K. Gordon & Gary S. Dell (2003). Learning to Divide the Labor: An Account of Deficits in Light and Heavy Verb Production. Cognitive Science 27 (1):1-40.
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  5.  26
    William H. Roberts (1941). Experience - Noun or Verb? Journal of Philosophy 38 (September):542-548.
  6.  5
    William E. Gumenik & Richard Dolinsky (1971). Effect of Verb and Object Meaning on the Connotative Evaluation of Sentence Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (3):436-438.
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  7. Tec Gupton & Gerald Frincke (1970). Imagery, Mediational Instructions, and Noun Position in Free Recall of Noun-Verb Pairs. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):461.
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  8.  3
    Jon A. Willits, Mark S. Seidenberg & Jenny R. Saffran (2014). Distributional Structure in Language: Contributions to Noun–Verb Difficulty Differences in Infant Word Recognition. Cognition 132 (3):429-436.
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  9.  10
    Adele E. Goldberg (2013). Argument Structure Constructions Versus Lexical Rules or Derivational Verb Templates. Mind and Language 28 (4):435-465.
    The idea that correspondences relating grammatical relations and semantics (argument structure constructions) are needed to account for simple sentence types is reviewed, clarified, updated and compared with two lexicalist alternatives. Traditional lexical rules take one verb as ‘input’ and create (or relate) a different verb as ‘output’. More recently, invisible derivational verb templates have been proposed, which treat argument structure patterns as zero derivational affixes that combine with a root verb to yield a new verb. (...)
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  10.  13
    Hub Prüst, Remko Scha & Martin Berg (1994). Discourse Grammar and Verb Phrase Anaphora. Linguistics and Philosophy 17 (3):261-327.
    We argue that an adequate treatment of verb phrase anaphora must depart in two major respects from the standard approaches. First of all, VP anaphors cannot be resolved by simply identifying the anaphoric VP with an antecedent VP. The resolution process must establish a syntactic/semantic parallelism between larger units that the VPs occur in. Secondly, discourse structure has a significant influence on the reference possibilities of VPA. This influence must be accounted for.We propose a treatment which meets these requirements. (...)
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  11.  4
    Sanna H. M. Räsänen, Ben Ambridge & Julian M. Pine (2015). An Elicited‐Production Study of Inflectional Verb Morphology in Child Finnish. Cognitive Science 40 (4).
    Many generativist accounts argue for very early knowledge of inflection on the basis of very low rates of person/number marking errors in young children's speech. However, studies of Spanish and Brazilian Portuguese have revealed that these low overall error rates actually hide important differences across the verb paradigm. The present study investigated children's production of person/number marked verbs by eliciting present tense verb forms from 82 native Finnish-speaking children aged 2;2–4;8 years. Four main findings were observed: Rates of (...)
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  12.  45
    Markus Werning (2003). Ventral Versus Dorsal Pathway: The Source of the Semantic Object/Event and the Syntactic Noun/Verb Distinction? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):299-300.
    Experimental data suggest that the division between the visual ventral and dorsal pathways may indeed indicate that static and dynamical information is processed separately. Contrary to Hurford, it is suggested that the ventral pathway primarily generates representations of objects, whereas the dorsal pathway produces representations of events. The semantic object/event distinction may relate to the morpho-syntactic noun/verb distinction.
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  13.  18
    Hub Prüst, Remko Scha & Martin Van Den Berg (1994). Discourse Grammar and Verb Phrase Anaphora. Linguistics and Philosophy 17 (3):261-327.
    We argue that an adequate treatment of verb phrase anaphora must depart in two major respects from the standard approaches. First of all, VP anaphors cannot be resolved by simply identifying the anaphoric VP with an antecedent VP. The resolution process must establish a syntactic/semantic parallelism between larger units that the VPs occur in. Secondly, discourse structure has a significant influence on the reference possibilities of VPA. This influence must be accounted for. We propose a treatment which meets these (...)
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  14.  25
    Ray Paton (1997). Glue, Verb and Text Metaphors in Biology. Acta Biotheoretica 45 (1):1-15.
    Metaphor influences the construction of biological models and theories and the analysis of its use can reveal important tools of thought. Some aspects of biological organisation are investigated through the analysis of metaphors associated with treating biosystems as a kind of text. In particular, the use of glue and verbs is considered. Some of the reasons why glue is important in the construction of hierarchies are pursued in the light of specific examples, and some of the conceptual links between glue (...)
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  15.  8
    Carol L. Tenny (1995). How Motion Verbs Are Special: The Interaction of Semantic and Pragmatic Information in Aspectual Verb Meanings. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 3 (1):31-73.
    This paper focuses on a distinction between two kinds of information in verb meanings: a highly structured, templatic part of the meaning, based on aspectual properties of the verb, and apart of the meaning which contributes to filling gaps in the templatic information. The two kinds of information differ in the nature and degree of connections to encyclopedic world knowledge. This demarcation between the two kinds of information is related to the semantics/ pragmatics distinction, and may be clearly (...)
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  16.  19
    Kyle Johnson, Embedded Verb Second in Infinitival Clauses.
    Icelandic is the only Scandinavian language in which the verb always moves past negation, and other sentence adverbials, in embedded clauses. We follow everyone else and take this as evidence that Icelandic as opposed to the other Scandinavian languages has V°-to-I°1 movement (see, e.g., Kosmeijer 1986, Holmberg & Platzack 1990:101, Rohrbacher 1994:30-69, and Vikner 1994:118-127, 1995:ch.5). If we assume that negation and sentence adverbials mark the left edge of VP (they could be adjoined to VP or to TP, for (...)
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  17.  11
    Spence Green & Christopher D. Manning, NP Subject Detection in Verb-Initial Arabic Clauses.
    Phrase re-ordering is a well-known obstacle to robust machine translation for language pairs with significantly different word orderings. For Arabic-English, two languages that usually differ in the ordering of subject and verb, the subject and its modifiers must be accurately moved to produce a grammatical translation. This operation requires more than base phrase chunking and often defies current phrase-based statistical decoders. We present a conditional random field sequence classi- fier that detects the full scope of Arabic noun phrase subjects (...)
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  18.  3
    Franklin Chang, Michael Baumann, Sandra Pappert & Hartmut Fitz (2015). Do Lemmas Speak German? A Verb Position Effect in German Structural Priming. Cognitive Science 39 (5):1113-1130.
    Lexicalized theories of syntax often assume that verb-structure regularities are mediated by lemmas, which abstract over variation in verb tense and aspect. German syntax seems to challenge this assumption, because verb position depends on tense and aspect. To examine how German speakers link these elements, a structural priming study was performed which varied syntactic structure, verb position, and verb overlap.structural priming was found, both within and across verb position, but priming was larger when the (...)
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  19.  14
    Letitia R. Naigles (2001). Why Theories of Word Learning Don't Always Work as Theories of Verb Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1113-1114.
    Bloom's theory of word learning has difficulty accounting for children's verb acquisition. There is no predominant preverbal event concept, akin to the preverbal object concept, to direct children's early event-verb mappings. Children may take advantage of grammatical and linguistic information in verb acquisition earlier than Bloom allows. A distinction between lexical and grammatical learning is difficult to maintain for verb acquisition.
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  20.  8
    Christopher Manning, Unsupervised Discovery of a Statistical Verb Lexicon.
    tic structure. Determining the semantic roles of a verb’s dependents is an important step in natural..
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  21.  11
    Mark Baker, On Verb-Initial and Verb-Final Word Orders in Lokaa.
    Verb phrases seems to be head initial in affirmative sentences in Lokaa (a Niger-Congo language of the Cross River area of Nigeria) but head final in negative clauses and gerunds. This article aspires to give a comprehensive description of this phenomenon, together with a theoretical analysis. It considers how a full range of grammatical elements are ordered in both kinds of clauses—including direct objects, second objects, particles, weak pronouns, complement clauses, serial verbs, adverbs, prepositional phrases, tense/mood particles, and auxiliary (...)
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  22.  7
    Emmon Bach, Western Abenaki: Some Other Verb Forms.
    I want to do two things here today. First, I want to describe and comment on some materials in and on Western Abenaki. Second, I want to make some additions to the various lists of Western Abenaki verb forms that have been available from published sources. This will be strictly a report on work in progress. Let me make acknowledgments right off to two colleagues: Roger Higgins, who has been working on Wampanoag (Massachusett) for some years, and Roy Wright, (...)
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  23.  3
    Christopher Manning, Verb Sense and Subcategorization: Using Joint Inference to Improve Performance on Complementary Tasks.
    We propose a general model for joint inference in correlated natural language processing tasks when fully annotated training data is not available, and apply this model to the dual tasks of word sense disambiguation and verb subcategorization frame determination. The model uses the EM algorithm to simultaneously complete partially annotated training sets and learn a generative probabilistic model over multiple annotations. When applied to the word sense and verb subcategorization frame determination tasks, the model learns sharp joint probability (...)
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  24. Peter Sells, Contrastive Verb Constructions in Korean.
    This paper addresses the correct analysis of Korean examples like those in (1).∗ An event is presented against a contrastive or negative implication, through either a copy of the verbal lexeme, or the use of the supporting verb ha-ta.
     
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  25.  1
    Brian MacWhinney & Jared Leinbach (1991). Implementations Are Not Conceptualizations: Revising the Verb Learning Model. Cognition 40 (1-2):121-157.
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  26.  19
    Kim Plunkett & Virginia Marchman (1993). From Rote Learning to System Building: Acquiring Verb Morphology in Children and Connectionist Nets. Cognition 48 (1):21-69.
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  27.  1
    Ben Ambridge, Julian M. Pine, Caroline F. Rowland & Chris R. Young (2008). The Effect of Verb Semantic Class and Verb Frequency on Children’s and Adults’ Graded Judgements of Argument-Structure Overgeneralization Errors. Cognition 106 (1):87-129.
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  28.  8
    Mutsumi Imai, Sotaro Kita, Miho Nagumo & Hiroyuki Okada (2008). Sound Symbolism Facilitates Early Verb Learning. Cognition 109 (1):54-65.
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  29.  7
    Jeffrey Lidz, Henry Gleitman & Lila Gleitman (2003). Understanding How Input Matters: Verb Learning and the Footprint of Universal Grammar. Cognition 87 (3):151-178.
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  30.  3
    Sarah Bernolet & Robert J. Hartsuiker (2010). Does Verb Bias Modulate Syntactic Priming? Cognition 114 (3):455-461.
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  31. David R. Dowty (1977). Toward a Semantic Analysis of Verb Aspect and the English 'Imperfective' Progressive. Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (1):45 - 77.
  32.  54
    Lesley Brown (1994). The Verb "to Be" in Greek Philosophy. In Stephen Everson (ed.), Language. Cambridge University Press
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  33. Jonathan Potter, Margaret Wetherell, Ros Gill & Derek Edwards (1990). Discourse: Noun, Verb or Social Practice? Philosophical Psychology 3 (2 & 3):205 – 217.
    This paper comments on some of the different senses of the notion of discourse in the various relevant literatures and then overviews the basic features of a coherent discourse analytic programme in Psychology. Parker's approach is criticised for (a) its tendency to reify discourses as objects; (b) its undeveloped notion of analytic practice; (c) its vulnerability to common sense assumptions. It ends by exploring the virtues of 'interpretative repertoires' over 'discourses' as an analytic/theoretical notion.
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  34. Letitia R. Naigles (1996). The Use of Multiple Frames in Verb Learning Via Syntactic Bootstrapping. Cognition 58 (2):221-251.
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  35.  16
    Jess Gropen (1992). Affectedness and Direct Objects : The Role of Lexical Semantics in the Acquisition of Verb Argument Structure. In Beth Levin & Steven Pinker (eds.), Lexical & Conceptual Semantics. Blackwell 153-195.
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  36.  11
    Maureen Gillespie & Neal J. Pearlmutter (2011). Hierarchy and Scope of Planning in Subject–Verb Agreement Production. Cognition 118 (3):377-397.
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  37.  2
    Joanne N. Lee & Letitia R. Naigles (2008). Mandarin Learners Use Syntactic Bootstrapping in Verb Acquisition. Cognition 106 (2):1028-1037.
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  38.  6
    Meghan M. Salomon, Joseph P. Magliano & Gabriel A. Radvansky (2013). Verb Aspect and Problem Solving. Cognition 128 (2):134-139.
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  39.  2
    S. Arunachalam (2013). Two-Year-Olds Can Begin to Acquire Verb Meanings in Socially Impoverished Contexts. Cognition 129 (3):569-573.
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  40.  12
    Thierry Nazzi, Isabelle Barrière, Louise Goyet, Sarah Kresh & Géraldine Legendre (2011). Tracking Irregular Morphophonological Dependencies in Natural Language: Evidence From the Acquisition of Subject-Verb Agreement in French. Cognition 120 (1):119-135.
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  41.  9
    Noburo Saji, Mutsumi Imai, Henrik Saalbach, Yuping Zhang, Hua Shu & Hiroyuki Okada (2011). Word Learning Does Not End at Fast-Mapping: Evolution of Verb Meanings Through Reorganization of an Entire Semantic Domain. Cognition 118 (1):45-61.
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  42.  83
    Charles H. Kahn (2004). A Return to the Theory of the Verb Be and the Concept of Being. Ancient Philosophy 24 (2):381-405.
  43. Alain Kihm (2004). Inflectional Morphology Through Creolization: Richness and Predictability of Verb Inflection in Portuguese and Portuguese-Related Creoles. Complexity 8:10.
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  44.  32
    Daniel Hardt (1999). Dynamic Interpretation of Verb Phrase Ellipsis. Linguistics and Philosophy 22 (2):187-221.
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  45.  15
    Aureliu Lavric, Diego Pizzagalli, Simon Forstmeier & Gina Rippon (2001). Mapping Dissociations in Verb Morphology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (7):301-308.
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  46.  94
    Anna Szabolcsi (1990). Across-the-Board Binding Meets Verb Second. In M. Nespor & J. Mascaro (eds.), Grammar in progress. Foris
    Right-node raising of anaphors and bound pronouns out of coordinations, as in "Every student likes, and every professor hates, himself / his neighbors" is judged more acceptable in German and Dutch than in English. Using combinatory categorial grammar, this paper ties the cross-linguistic difference to the fact that German and Dutch are V-2 languages, and V-2 necessitates a lifted category for verbs that automatically caters to the right-node raised duplicator. The same lifted category is optionally available in English, but it (...)
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  47.  19
    Gabriella Vigliocco, Brian Butterworth & Merrill F. Garrett (1996). Subject-Verb Agreement in Spanish and English: Differences in the Role of Conceptual Constraints. Cognition 61 (3):261-298.
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  48.  28
    H. Wekker (1983). Christopher 3. Pountain, Structures and Transformations. The Romance Verb. Croom Helm, London/Canberra, 1983. Xvii + 254 Pp. Price: 15.95 (Hardback). [REVIEW] Journal of Semantics 2 (3-4):343-346.
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  49.  67
    Frank B. Ebersole (1952). Verb Tenses as Expressors and Indicators. Analysis 12 (5):101 - 113.
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  50.  17
    Charles Kahn (1966). The Verb 'to Be'and the Concept of Being. Foundations of Language 2.
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