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  1. Virpi Mäkinen (2014). Duty to Self-Preservation or Right to Life? The Relation Between Natural Law and Natural Rights. In Guy Guldentops & Andreas Speer (eds.), Das Gesetz - the Law - la Loi. De Gruyter. 457-470.
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  2. Miira Tuominen, Sara Heinämaa & Virpi Mäkinen (eds.) (2014). New Perspectives on Aristotelianism and its Critics. Brill.
    New Perspectives on Aristotelianism and Its Critics traces Aristotelian influences in modern and pre-modern discourses on knowledge, rights, and the good life. The contributions offer new insights on contemporary discussions on life in its cognitive, political, and ethical dimensions.
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  3. Virpi Mäkinen (2012). Moral Psychological Aspects in William of Ockham's Theory of Natural Rights. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 86 (3):507-525.
    Ockham’s theory of natural rights was based on a careful definition of the basic juridical terms dominium and ius utendi, as well as on the idea of human agency and morality. By defining a right as a licit power of action in accordance with right reason , Ockham placed rights firmly in the agent. A right was a subjective power of action. Ockham’s theory of natural rights was influential for later natural rights theories. Its advocates included leading thinkers of the (...)
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  4. Virpi Mäkinen (2012). William of Ockham, Dialogus, Part 2, Part 3, Tract 1 (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 50 (4):615-616.
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  5. Virpi Mäkinen (2010). Justice, Law, Power, and Agency : Defining the Nature of Right(S). In , The Nature of Rights: Moral and Political Aspects of Rights in Late Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy. The Philosophical Society of Finland.
     
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  6. Virpi Mäkinen (2010). Self-Preservation and Natural Rights in Late Medieval and Early Modern Political Thought. In , The Nature of Rights: Moral and Political Aspects of Rights in Late Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy. The Philosophical Society of Finland.
  7. Virpi Mäkinen (ed.) (2010). The Nature of Rights: Moral and Political Aspects of Rights in Late Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy. The Philosophical Society of Finland.
     
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  8. Virpi Mäkinen (2006). The Influence of the Commentaries on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics and Politics on the Discussion on Property Rights. Documenti E Studi Sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale 17:283-298.
    Dopo un'introduzione che delinea lo status questionis relativo alla discussione sul diritto di proprietà nel sec. XIII, l'articolo si divide in tre parti: nella prima si discute la relazione tra gli ideali della fede cristiana e la proprietà comune, con particolare riguardo per l'origine dei diritti di proprietà; la seconda tratta gli argomenti che concernono il diritto alla proprietà privata, mentre la terza approfondisce il tema della proprietà condivisa. I testi sui quali viene condotta l'indagine sono il Tractatus brevis de (...)
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  9. Virpi Makinen & Heikki Pihlajamaki (2004). The Individualization of Crime in Medieval Canon Law. Journal of the History of Ideas 65 (4):525-542.
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