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  1. Vittorio Gallese & Corrado Sinigaglia (2014). Understanding Action with the Motor System. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):199-200.
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  2. Cristina Iani, Sandro Rubichi, Luca Ferraro, Roberto Nicoletti & Vittorio Gallese (2013). Observational Learning Without a Model is Influenced by the Observer's Possibility to Act: Evidence From the Simon Task. Cognition 128 (1):26-34.
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  3. Maria Allessandra Umiltà, Rachel Wood, Francesca Loffredo, Roberto Ravera & Vittorio Gallese (2013). Impact of Civil War on Emotion Recognition: The Denial of Sadness in Sierra Leone. Frontiers in Psychology 4:523-523.
    Studies of children with atypical emotional experience demonstrate that childhood exposure to high levels of hostility and threat biases emotion perception. This study investigates emotion processing, in former child soldiers and non-combatant civilians. All participants have experienced prolonged violence exposure during childhood. The study, carried out in Sierra Leone, aimed to examine the effects of exposure to and forced participation in acts of extreme violence on the emotion processing of young adults war survivors. A total of 76 young, male adults (...)
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  4. Fausto Caruana & Vittorio Gallese (2012). Overcoming the Emotion Experience/Expression Dichotomy. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (3):145-146.
    We challenge the classic experience/expression dichotomous account of emotions, according to which experiencing and expressing an emotion are two independent processes. By endorsing Dewey's and Mead's accounts of emotions, and capitalizing upon recent empirical findings, we propose that expression is part of the emotional experience. This proposal partly challenges the purely constructivist approach endorsed by the authors of the target article.
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  5. Francesca Ferri, Francesca Frassinetti, Francesca Mastrangelo, Anatolia Salone, Filippo Maria Ferro & Vittorio Gallese (2012). Bodily Self and Schizophrenia: The Loss of Implicit Self-Body Knowledge. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1365-1374.
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  6. Vittorio Gallese & Corrado Sinigaglia (2012). Response to de Bruin and Gallagher: Embodied Simulation as Reuse is a Productive Explanation of a Basic Form of Mind-Reading. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (2):99-100.
    de Bruin & Gallagher (2012) suggest that the view of embodied simulation (ES) put forward in our recent article (Gallese and Sinigaglia 2011) lacks explanatory power. We argue that the notion of reuse of mental states represented with a bodily format provides a convincing simulational account of the mirroring mechanism (MM) and its role in mind-reading.
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  7. M. Alessandra Umilta, Cristina Berchio, Mariateresa Sestito, David Freedberg & Vittorio Gallese (2012). Abstract Art and Cortical Motor Activation: An EEG Study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
    The role of the motor system in the perception of visual art remains to be better understood. Earlier studies on the visual perception of abstract art (from Gestalt theory, as in Arnheim 1954 and 1988, to balance preference studies as in Locher and Stappers, 2002, and more recent work by Locher et al 2007, Redies, 2007, and Taylor et al, 2011), neglected the question, while the field of neuroesthetics (Zeki, 1999; Ramachandran and Hirstein, 1999) mostly concentrated on figurative works. Much (...)
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  8. Vittorio Gallese (2011). Neuroscience and Phenomenology. Phenomenology and Mind 1:34-47.
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  9. Vittorio Gallese & Corrado Sinigaglia (2011). How the Body in Action Shapes the Self. Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (7-8):117-143.
    In the present paper we address the issue of the role of the body in shaping our basic self-awareness. It is generally taken for granted that basic bodily self-awareness has primarily to do with proprioception. Here we challenge this assumption by arguing from both a phenomenological and a neurophysiological point of view that our body is primarily given to us as a manifold of action possibilities that cannot be reduced to any form of proprioceptive awareness. By discussing the notion of (...)
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  10. Vittorio Gallese & Corrado Sinigaglia (2011). What is so Special About Embodied Simulation? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (11):512-519.
    Simulation theories of social cognition abound in the literature, but it is often unclear what simulation means and how it works. The discovery of mirror neurons, responding both to action execution and observation, suggested an embodied approach to mental simulation. Over the last years this approach has been hotly debated and alternative accounts have been proposed. We discuss these accounts and argue that they fail to capture the uniqueness of embodied simulation (ES). ES theory provides a unitary account of basic (...)
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  11. Vittorio Gallese & Corrado Sinigaglia (2010). The Bodily Self as Power for Action. Neuropsychologia.
    The aim of our paper is to show that there is a sense of body that is enactive in nature and that enables to capture the most primitive sense of self. We will argue that the body is primarily given to us as source or power for action, i.e., as the variety of motor potentialities that define the horizon of the world in which we live, by populating it with things at hand to which we can be directed and with (...)
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  12. Vittorio Gallese (2009). The Two Sides of Mimesis: Girards Mimetic Theory, Embodied Simulation and Social Identification. Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (4):21-44.
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  13. David Freedberg & Vittorio Gallese (2007). Motion, Emotion and Empathy in Esthetic Experience. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (5):197-203.
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  14. Vittorio Gallese (2007). Before and Below 'Theory of Mind': Embodied Simulation and the Neural Correlates of Social Cognition. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 362 (1480):659-669.
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  15. Vittorio Gallese & David Freedberg (2007). Mirror and Canonical Neurons Are Crucial Elements in Esthetic Response. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (10):411.
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  16. Vittorio Gallese & Maria Alessandra Umiltá (2006). Cognitive Continuity in Primate Social Cognition. Biological Theory 1 (1):25-30.
  17. Vittorio Gallese (2005). Embodied Simulation: From Neurons to Phenomenal Experience. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):23-48.
    The same neural structures involved in the unconscious modeling of our acting body in space also contribute to our awareness of the lived body and of the objects that the world contains. Neuroscientific research also shows that there are neural mechanisms mediating between the multi-level personal experience we entertain of our lived body, and the implicit certainties we simultaneously hold about others. Such personal and body-related experiential knowledge enables us to understand the actions performed by others, and to directly decode (...)
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  18. Vittorio Gallese, Christian Keysers & Giacomo Rizzolatti (2004). Amygdala, Insula, and Selectivity for Particular Emotions. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (9):396-403.
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  19. Vittorio Gallese, Christian Keysers & Giacomo Rizzolatti (2004). A Unifying View of the Basis of Social Cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (9):396-403.
    In this article we provide a unifying neural hypothesis on how individuals understand the actions and emotions of others. Our main claim is that the fundamental mechanism at the basis of the experiential understanding of others' actions is the activation of the mirror neuron system. A similar mechanism, but involving the activation of viscero-motor centers, underlies the experiential understanding of the emotions of others.
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  20. Giacomo Rizzolatti, Leonardo Fogassi & Vittorio Gállese (2004). 31 Cortical Mechanisms Subserving Object Grasping, Action Understanding, and Imitation. In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences Iii. Mit Press. 427.
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  21. Vittorio Gallese & Thomas Metzinger (2003). Motor Ontology: The Representational Reality of Goals, Actions and Selves. Philosophical Psychology 16 (3):365 – 388.
    The representational dynamics of the brain is a subsymbolic process, and it has to be conceived as an "agent-free" type of dynamical self-organization. However, in generating a coherent internal world-model, the brain decomposes target space in a certain way. In doing so, it defines an "ontology": to have an ontology is to interpret a world. In this paper we argue that the brain, viewed as a representational system aimed at interpreting the world, possesses an ontology too. It decomposes target space (...)
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  22. Thomas Metzinger & Vittorio Gallese (2003). Of Course They Do. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):574-576.
  23. Thomas Metzinger & Vittorio Gallese (2003). The Emergence of a Shared Action Ontology: Building Blocks for a Theory. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):549-571.
    To have an ontology is to interpret a world. In this paper we argue that the brain, viewed as a representational system aimed at interpreting our world, possesses an ontology too. It creates primitives and makes existence assumptions. It decomposes target space in a way that exhibits a certain invariance, which in turn is functionally significant. We will investigate which are the functional regularities guiding this decomposition process, by answering to the following questions: What are the explicit and implicit assumptions (...)
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  24. Giacomo Rizzolatti & Vittorio Gallese (2003). Mirror Neurons. In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
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  25. Maxim I. Stamenov & Vittorio Gallese (eds.) (2002). Mirror Neurons and the Evolution of Brain and Language. John Benjamins.
    Selected contributions to the symposium on "Mirror neurons and the evolution of brain and language" held on July 5-8, 2000 in Delmenhorst, Germany.
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  26. Vittorio Gallese (2001). The 'Shared Manifold' Hypothesis: From Mirror Neurons to Empathy. Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (5-7):33-50.
  27. Vittorio Gallese, Pier Francesco Ferrari & Maria Alessandra Umiltà (2001). The Mirror Matching System: A Shared Manifold for Intersubjectivity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):35-36.
    Empathy is the phenomenal experience of mirroring ourselves into others. It can be explained in terms of simulations of actions, sensations, and emotions which constitute a shared manifold for intersubjectivity. Simulation, in turn, can be sustained at the subpersonal level by a series of neural mirror matching systems.
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  28. Vittorio Gallese & Christian Keysers (2001). Mirror Neurons: A Sensorimotor Representation System. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):983-984.
    Positing the importance of sensorimotor contingencies for perception is by no means denying the presence and importance of representations. Using the evidence of mirror neurons we will show the intrinsic relationship between action control and representation within the logic of forward models.
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  29. Vittorio Gallese (2000). The Acting Subject: Toward the Neural Basis of Social Cognition. In Thomas Metzinger (ed.), Neural Correlates of Consciousness. MIT Press. 325--333.
  30. Vittorio Gallese (2000). The Inner Sense of Action: Agency and Motor Representations. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (10):23-40.
    Discusses the possibility of reconciling different articulations of intentionality from a neurobiological perspective. The author analyzes the relationship between agency and representation and how representation is intrinsically related to action control. The author also presents a new account of action, arguing against what is still commonly held as its proper definition, namely the final outcome of a cascade-like process that starts from the analysis of sensory data, incorporates the result of decision processes, and ends up with responses (actions) to externally-or (...)
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  31. Alvin Goldman & Vittorio Gallese (2000). Reply to Schulkin. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (7):255-256.
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  32. Elkhonon Goldberg, Kenneth Podell, J. Proust, Karl H. Pribram, Vittorio Gallese, Marianne Hammerl, Andy P. Field, Frederick Travis, R. Keith Wallace & J. Allan Cheyne (1999). Kai Vogeley, Martin Kurthen, Peter Falkai, and Wolfgang Maier. Essential Functions of the Human. Consciousness and Cognition 8:270.
     
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  33. Vittorio Gallese & Alvin Goldman (1998). Mirror Neurons and the Simulation Theory of Mind-Reading. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (12):493-501.
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  34. Vittorio Gallese & George Lakoff, The Brain's Concepts: The Role of the Sensory-Motor System in Conceptual Knowledge.
    Concepts are the elementary units of reason and linguistic meaning. They are conventional and relatively stable. As such, they must somehow be the result of neural activity in the brain. The questions are: Where? and How? A common philosophical position is that all concepts—even concepts about action and perception—are symbolic and abstract, and therefore must be implemented outside the brain’s sensory-motor system. We will argue against this position using (1) neuroscientific evidence; (2) results from neural computation; and (3) results about (...)
     
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