21 found
Sort by:
  1. Jean-François Bonnefon, Vittorio Girotto, Marco Heimann & Paolo Legrenzi (2013). Can Mutualistic Morality Predict How Individuals Deal with Benefits They Did Not Deserve? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):83-83.
    An individual obtains an unfair benefit and faces the dilemma of either hiding it (to avoid being excluded from future interactions) or disclosing it (to avoid being discovered as a deceiver). In line with the target article, we expect that this dilemma will be solved by a fixed individual strategy rather than a case-by-case rational calculation.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Donatella Ferrante, Vittorio Girotto, Marta Stragà & Clare Walsh (2013). Improving the Past and the Future: A Temporal Asymmetry in Hypothetical Thinking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (1):23.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Jean-François Bonnefon, Vittorio Girotto & Paolo Legrenzi (2012). The Psychology of Reasoning About Preferences and Unconsequential Decisions. Synthese 185 (S1):27-41.
    People can reason about the preferences of other agents, and predict their behavior based on these preferences. Surprisingly, the psychology of reasoning has long neglected this fact, and focused instead on disinterested inferences, of which preferences are neither an input nor an output. This exclusive focus is untenable, though, as there is mounting evidence that reasoners take into account the preferences of others, at the expense of logic when logic and preferences point to different conclusions. This article summarizes the most (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Vittorio Girotto (2011). Undisputed Norms and Normal Errors in Human Thinking. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):255-256.
    This commentary questions Elqayam & Evans' (E&E's) claims that thinking tasks are doomed to have multiple normative readings and that only applied research allows normative evaluations. In fact, some tasks have just one undisputed normative reading, and not only pathological gamblers but also normal individuals sometimes need normative guidance. To conclude, normative evaluations are inevitable in the investigation of human thinking.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Michel Gonzalez & Vittorio Girotto (2011). Combinatorics and Probability: Six- to ten-Year-Olds Reliably Predict Whether a Relation Will Occur. Cognition 120 (3):372-379.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Stefania Pighin, Ruth M. J. Byrne, Donatella Ferrante, Michel Gonzalez & Vittorio Girotto (2011). Counterfactual Thoughts About Experienced, Observed, and Narrated Events. Thinking and Reasoning 17 (2):197 - 211.
    Four studies show that observers and readers imagine different alternatives to reality. When participants read a story about a protagonist who chose the more difficult of two tasks and failed, their counterfactual thoughts focused on the easier, unchosen task. But when they observed the performance of an individual who chose and failed the more difficult task, participants' counterfactual thoughts focused on alternative ways to solve the chosen task, as did the thoughts of individuals who acted out the event. We conclude (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Vittorio Girotto & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2010). Conditionals and Probability. In M. Oaksford & N. Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thought. Oxford University Press. 103--115.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Vittorio Girotto, Luca Surian & Michael Siegal (2010). Morals, Beliefs, and Counterfactuals. Brain and Behavioral Sciences 33 (4):337-338.
    We have found that moral considerations interact with belief ascription in determining intentionality judgment. We attribute this finding to a differential availability of plausible counterfactual alternatives that undo the negative side-effect of an action. We conclude that Knobe's thesis does not account for processes by which counterfactuals are generated and how these processes affect moral evaluations.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Sandra Pellizzoni, Vittorio Girotto & Luca Surian (2010). Beliefs and Moral Valence Affect Intentionality Attributions: The Case of Side Effects. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):201-209.
    Do moral appraisals shape judgments of intentionality? A traditional view is that individuals first evaluate whether an action has been carried out intentionally. Then they use this evaluation as input for their moral judgments. Recent studies, however, have shown that individuals’ moral appraisals can also influence their intentionality attributions. They attribute intentionality to the negative side effect of a given action, but not to the positive side effect of the same action. In three experiments, we show that this asymmetry is (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Ruth M. J. Byrne & Vittorio Girotto (2009). The Mental Model Theory of Conditionals: A Reply to Guy Politzer. Topoi 28 (1):75-80.
    This paper replies to Politzer’s ( 2007 ) criticisms of the mental model theory of conditionals. It argues that the theory provides a correct account of negation of conditionals, that it does not provide a truth-functional account of their meaning, though it predicts that certain interpretations of conditionals yield acceptable versions of the ‘paradoxes’ of material implication, and that it postulates three main strategies for estimating the probabilities of conditionals.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Vittorio Girotto & Michel Gonzalez (2008). Children's Understanding of Posterior Probability. Cognition 106 (1):325-344.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Vittorio Girotto & Katya Tentori (2008). Is Domain-General Thinking a Domain-Specific Adaptation? Mind and Society 7 (2):167-175.
    According to Kanazawa (Psychol Rev 111:512–523, 2004), general intelligence, which he considers as a synonym of abstract thinking, evolved specifically to allow our ancestors to deal with evolutionary novel problems while conferring no advantage in solving evolutionary familiar ones. We present a study whereby the results contradict Kanazawa’s hypothesis by demonstrating that performance on an evolutionary novel problem (an abstract reasoning task) predicts performance on an evolutionary familiar problem (a social reasoning task).
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Vittorio Girotto (2003). L'effetto Bozzi: cambiando l'ordine degli addendi la somma cambia. Rivista di Estetica 43 (24):77-79.
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Vittorio Girotto & Michel Gonzalez (2001). Solving Probabilistic and Statistical Problems: A Matter of Information Structure and Question Form. Cognition 78 (3):247-276.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Vittorio Girotto, Markus Kemmelmeier, Dan Sperber & Jean-Baptiste van der Henst (2001). Inept Reasoners or Pragmatic Virtuosos? Relevance and the Deontic Selection Task. Cognition 81 (2):B69-B76.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Marc Pomplun, Eyal M. Reingold, Jiye Shen, Vittorio Girotto, Markus Kemmelmeier, Dan Sperber, Jean-Baptiste van der Henst, Edward Munnich, Barbara Landau & Barbara Anne Dosher (2001). ELIZABETH S. SPELKE (MIT) Children's Use of Geometry and Landmarks to Reorient in an Open Space, 119±148 JENNY R. SAFFRAN (University of Wisconsin±Madison) Words in a Sea of Sounds: The Output of Infant Statistical Learning, 149±169 Brief Articles. [REVIEW] Cognition 81 (249):249-251.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Vittorio Girotto (2000). Patterns of Individual Differences and Rational Choice. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):674-675.
    I discuss an aspect of individual differences which has not been considered adequately in the target article, despite its potential role in the rationality debate. Besides having different intellectual abilities, different individuals may produce different erroneous responses to the same problem. In deductive reasoning, different response patterns contradict deterministic views of deductive inferences. In decision-making, variations in nonoptimal choice may explain successful collective actions.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Vittorio Girotto, Alberto Mazzocco & Alessandra Tasso (1997). The Effect of Premise Order in Conditional Reasoning: A Test of the Mental Model Theory. Cognition 63 (1):1-28.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Vittorio Girotto (1995). Contextual Factors in Deontic Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 1 (4):333 – 339.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Vittorio Girotto (1994). Comments on Johnson-Laird By. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):41-44.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Vittorio Girotto (1994). Is the Model Theory of Induction Also a Theory of Inductive Reasoning? International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):41 – 43.