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Wolfgang Balzer [49]W. Balzer [39]
  1. Wolfgang Balzer & Klaus Manhart (forthcoming). Scientific Processes and Social Processes. Erkenntnis:1-20.
    We clarify the notions scientific process and social process with structuralist means. Three questions are formulated, and answered in the structuralistic, set-theoretic framework. What is a scientific process, and a process in science? What can be meant by a non-social process? In which sense a non-social process can be a part of a scientific process in social science? We are specifically interested in social processes. Our answers use the notion of the generalized subset relation applied to set-theoretical structures, and the (...)
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  2. Adriana Gonzalo & Wolfgang Balzer (2012). A Reconstruction Of The “Classical” Linguistic Transformational Theory Clt. Metatheoria 2 (2):25-49.
    We reconstruct “the classical transformational theory” of Chomsky, and fit it into the structuralist theory of science. We describe both the formal and the empirical features of this classical account, so that one basic hypothesis of this theory – where central notions are used – can be formulated, and in which Chomsky’s “classical” distinction between surface structure and deep structure is clarified. In the empirical claim of this theory are words, sentences and high-structured entities in an inseparable way intertwined. We (...)
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  3. Wolfgang Balzer, C. Ulises Moulines, Joseph D. Sneed, E. J. Olsson & S. Enqvist (2011). A Note on Theory Change and Belief Revision. In Erik J. Olson Sebastian Enqvist (ed.), Belief Revision Meets Philosophy of Science. Springer. 155.
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  4. W. Balzer & V. Kuznetsov (2010). Die Tripelstruktur der Begriffe. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 41 (1):21 - 43.
    Wir stellen ein präzises Modell der wissenschaftlichen Begriffs-theorie vor, in dem die Beschreibungs-, die Wirklichkeits- und die mengentheoretische Ebene verknüpft werden. Einerseits wird ein allgemeiner Rahmen für die Gesamtheit der Begriffe, andererseits die „lokale” Struktur eines Begriffs beschrieben. Wir spezialisieren diesen Rahmen auf wissenschaftliche Begriffe, wissenschaftliche Theorien, und auf die zugehörigen strukturalistischen, wissenschaftstheoretischen Konstruktionen. We introduce a precise model for the theory of concepts in philosophy of science. In this model we connect the level of description, the level of reality (...)
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  5. Wolfgang Balzer, Karl R. Brendel & Solveig Hofmann (2008). Künstliche Gesellschaften. Facta Philosophica 10 (1):3-24.
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  6. W. Balzer (2003). Knowledge and Science as Goods. Erkenntnis 58 (1):87-110.
     
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  7. Wolfgang Balzer (2003). Wissen Und Wissenschaft AlS Waren. Erkenntnis 58 (1):87 - 110.
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  8. Wolfgang Balzer (2002). Methodological Patterns in a Structuralist Setting. Synthese 130 (1):49 - 68.
    A new approach to analyze scientific methods as patternsof state transitions is proposed and exemplified by the two mostimportant, general methods: induction and deduction. Though only`local' states of science are considered in this paper, includinghypotheses, data, approximation and degree of fit, the approach caneasily be extended to more comprehensive kinds of states. Two `pure'forms of induction are distinguished, enumerative and hypothesisconstruction induction. A combination of these two forms is proposedto yield a more adequate picture of induction. While the pure forms (...)
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  9. Wolfgang Balzer (2002). Searle on Social Institutions: A Critique. Dialectica 56 (3):195–211.
    The dominant “harmonious” notion of a social institution used by Searle in the discussion of social facts is critically reconsidered. It is argued that an essential ingredient is missing from this notion, namely the harming feature of power. The harmonious view treats power as an important part of social institutions, but takes into account only its beneficial side. This led to a thoroughly positive notion of social institutions which makes us blind to the harm they inflict, the duality of those (...)
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  10. Raimo Tuomela & Wolfgang Balzer (2002). Collective Acceptance and Collective Attitudes: On the Social. In Uskali Mäki (ed.), Fact and Fiction in Economics: Models, Realism and Social Construction. Cambridge University Press. 269.
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  11. Wolfgang Balzer (2001). Freedom and Equality in the Comparison of Political Systems. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 11:173-178.
    The notions of freedom and equality in a group are precisely defined in terms of individual exertions of influence or power. Freedom is discussed in the version ‘freedom from’ influence rather than in the version ‘freedom to do’ what one wants. It is shown that at the ideal conceptual level complete freedom implies equality. Given the plausibility of the definitions this shows that political ‘folk rhetorics’ in which freedom and equality often are put in opposition are misled and misleading. Quantitative (...)
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  12. Wolfgang Balzer (2000). Die Wissenschaft und ihre Methoden. Grundsätze der Wissenschaftstheorie. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 31 (1):179-186.
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  13. Wolfgang Balzer (2000). On Approxlmatlve Reductlon. In Adam Jonkisz & Leon Koj (eds.), On Comparing and Evaluating Scientific Theories. Rodopi. 72--153.
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  14. Wolfgang Balzer & Pablo Lorenzano (2000). The Logical Structure of Classical Genetics. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 31 (2):243-266.
    We present a reconstruction of so-called classical, formal or Mendelian genetics using a notation which we believe is more legible than that of earlier accounts, and lends itself easily to computer implementation, for instance in PROLOG. By drawing from, and emending, earlier work of Balzer and Dawe (1986,1997), the present account presents the three most important lines of development of classical genetics: the so-called Mendel's laws, linkage genetics and gene mapping, in the form of a theory-net. This shows that the (...)
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  15. Wolfgang Balzer & Richard Mattessich (2000). Formal1z1ng the Bas1s of Accountlng. In Joseph D. Sneed, Wolfgang Balzer & C.-U. Moulines (eds.), Structuralist Knowledge Representation: Paradigmatic Examples. Rodopi. 75--99.
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  16. Joseph D. Sneed, Wolfgang Balzer & C.-U. Moulines (eds.) (2000). Structuralist Knowledge Representation: Paradigmatic Examples. Rodopi.
  17. P. Lorenzano, W. Balzer, C. U. Moulines & J. Sneed (2000). Structuralist Knowledge Representation: Paradigmatic Examples. In Joseph D. Sneed, Wolfgang Balzer & C.-U. Moulines (eds.), Structuralist Knowledge Representation: Paradigmatic Examples. Rodopi.
    Contents: Foreword. Wolfgang BALZER and C. ULISES MOULINES: Introduction. José A. DÍEZ CALZADA: Structuralist Analysis of Theories of Fundamental Measurement. Adolfo GARCÍA DE LA SIENRA and Pedro REYES: The Theory of Finite Games in Extensive Form. Hans Joachim BURSCHEID und Horst STRUVE: The Theory of Stochastic Fairness - its Historical Development, Formulation and Justification. Wolfgang BALZER and Richard MATTESSICH: Formalizing the Basis of Accounting. Werner DIEDERICH: A Reconstruction of Marxian Economics. Bert HAMMINGA and Wolfgang BALZER: The Basic Structure of Neoclassical (...)
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  18. W. Balzer & V. Dreier (1999). The Structure of the Spatial Theory of Elections. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (4):613-638.
    The net structure of the spatial theory of elections is investigated and described in the format of structuralism. Three new kinds of intertheoretical relations typical for social theory are identified and defined. The historical development of spatial theory as expressed by specializations and other intertheoretic relations is found to be in a sense 'inverse' to that of theories in the natural sciences. The development begins with a 'most special' case.
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  19. Wolfgang Balzer & C. Ulises Moulines (1999). Structuralist Theory of Science. Erkenntnis 51 (2):353-356.
     
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  20. Wolfgang Balzer & Raimo Tuomela (1999). Eine Theorie des Gemeinschaftlichen. Facta Philosophica 1:55-76.
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  21. Wolfgang Balzer (1998). Scientific Problems and Their Role in the Evaluation of Sciencie. Agora 17 (2):25-38.
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  22. Raimo Tuomela & Wolfgang Balzer (1998). Collective Acceptance and Collective Social Notions. Synthese 117 (2):175-205.
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  23. Wolfgang Balzer (1997). Andreas Bartels, Bedeutung Und Begriffsgeschichte. Erkenntnis 46 (2):269-271.
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  24. Wolfgang Balzer (1997). Book Review. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 46 (1):419-426.
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  25. Wolfgang Balzer (1997). Referenz in Wissenschaftlichen Theorien. In Julian Nida-Rümelin & Georg Meggle (eds.), Analyomen 2, Volume I: Logic, Epistemology, Philosophy of Science. De Gruyter. 335-341.
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  26. Wolfgang Balzer (1997). Rudolf Seising Probabilistische Strukturen der Quantenmechanik. Erkenntnis 47 (3):419-421.
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  27. Wolfgang Balzer & C. M. Dawe (1997). Models for Genetics.
     
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  28. Wolfgang Balzer (1996). Theoretical Terms: Recent Developments. In Wolfgang Balzer & Carlos Ulises Moulines (eds.), Structuralist Theory of Science: Focal Issues, New Results. Walter de Gruyter.
     
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  29. Wolfgang Balzer & Carlos Ulises Moulines (eds.) (1996). Structuralist Theory of Science: Focal Issues, New Results. Walter De Gruyter.
  30. Wolfgang Balzer & Gerhard Zoubek (1995). On the Comparison of Approximative Empirical Claims. In HerfelWilliam (ed.), Theories and Models in Scientific Processes. Rodopi. 44--327.
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  31. W. Balzer (1994). Zur Logik Politikwissenschaftlicher Theorien. Erkenntnis 41 (3):419-420.
     
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  32. Wolfgang Balzer & Werner Diederich (1994). Book Review. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 41 (3):419-426.
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  33. Wolfgang Balzer (1993). Theorieforschung und Wissenschaftstheorie. Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 4 (1):123.
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  34. Wolfgang Balzer, Bernhard Lauth & Gerhard Zoubek (1993). A Model for Science Kinematics. Studia Logica 52 (4):519 - 548.
    A comprehensive model for describing various forms of developments in science is defined in precise, set-theoretic terms, and in the spirit of the structuralist approach in the philosophy of science. The model emends previous accounts in centering on single systems in a homogenous way, eliminating notions which essentially refer to sets of systems. This is achieved by eliminating the distinction between theoretical and non-theoretical terms as a primitive, and by introducing the notion of intended links. The force of the model (...)
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  35. Wolfgang Balzer (1992). Review. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 36 (3):401-405.
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  36. Wolfgang Balzer (1992). ReviewThe Forms of Power. Erkenntnis 36 (3).
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  37. W. Balzer (1991). Scientific Discovery, Computational Explorations of the Creative Processes. Erkenntnis 34 (1):125-127.
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  38. W. Balzer & A. Eleftheriadis (1991). A Reconstruction of the Hippocratic Humoral Theory of Health. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 22 (2):207-227.
    Summary The model underlying the hippocratic humoral theory, as well as the corresponding part of hippocratic aetiology is reconstructed in precise, structuralist terms. Stress is laid on the presentation of the model, historical and philological derivations are suppressed. The global net structure of humoral theory in which the different diseases are described as specializations of the basic model is worked out, and the particular metatheoretical features of ‘therapeutical’ theories, as contrasted to ‘descriptive’ theories, are exemplified and stated in general.
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  39. Wolfgang Balzer & Richard Mattessich (1991). An Axiomatic Basis of Accounting: A Structuralist Reconstruction. Theory and Decision 30 (3):213-243.
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  40. W. Balzer (1990). Rezension. Erkenntnis 33 (1):137-138.
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  41. W. Balzer, M. Heidelberger, D. A. Pearce & H. Schmidt (1990). Zur Logik Empirischer Theorien. Erkenntnis 33 (3):411-419.
     
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  42. Wolfgang Balzer, C. Ulises Moulines & Joseph D. Sneed (1990). An Architectonic for Science. Philosophy of Science 57 (2):349-350.
     
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  43. W. Balzer (1989). On Incommensurability in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:287-304.
  44. W. Balzer & E.-W. Haendler (1989). Ordinary Least Squares as a Method of Measurement. Erkenntnis 30 (1-2):129 - 146.
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  45. W. Balzer, B. Lauth & G. Zoubek (1989). A Static Theory of Reference in Science. Synthese 79 (3):319 - 360.
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  46. W. Balzer & M. Reiter (1989). Completeness for Systems Including Real Numbers. Studia Logica 48 (1):67 - 75.
    The usual completeness theorem for first-order logic is extended in order to allow for a natural incorporation of real analysis. Essentially, this is achieved by building in the set of real numbers into the structures for the language, and by adjusting other semantical notions accordingly. We use many-sorted languages so that the resulting formal systems are general enough for axiomatic treatments of empirical theories without recourse to elements of set theory which are difficult to interprete empirically. Thus we provide a (...)
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  47. Wolfgang Balzer & Bert Hamminga (1989). Introduction. Erkenntnis 30 (1-2):1-3.
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  48. Wolfgang Balzer (1988). Theorie Und Messugn. Studia Logica 47 (2):173-175.
     
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  49. Wolfgang Balzer, C. Uiises Moulines & Joseph D. Sneed (1988). Ayer, Alfred J., Freedom and Morality. And Other Essays, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1986. Ayer, Alfred J., Wittgenstein, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1985. Bfihr, Dieter, Die Substitution Yon Singuliiren Termen in Opaquen Kontexten, Gunter Narr Verlag, Tiibingen, 1986. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 29:445-447.
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  50. Ph Marcou & W. Balzer (1988). Dichtung, Mythos, Wissenschaft. Erkenntnis 29 (2):201 - 225.
    In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird ein Begriffsrahmen entwickelt, in dem sich Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede zwischen drei Arten von Kulturprodukten klar aufzeigen lassen: Dichtung, Mythos und Wissenschaft. Die allen drei Phänomenen gemeinsame Struktur erfassen wir in §II und §III mit dem Begriff eines Repräsentationssystems, welcher in Anlehnung an die formale Modelltheorie semiotische Vorstellungen mit einem Denken in Systemen zusammenbringt. Die relevanten Unterschiede werden durch Differenzierung (§IV) jenes Begriffs festgemacht, d.h. die drei Phänomene werden durch jeweils spezielle Arten von Repräsentationssystemen erfaßt (§V). (...)
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