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  1. Jeremiah Dyke & & Walter E. Block, 38. “Explorations in Property Rights: Conjoined Twins”.
    We attempt to shed light on property rights by examining the case of conjoined twins. We do so since their situation is perhaps among the most challenging of all cases of separating “mine” from “thine.”.
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  2. Walter E. Block, 35. “David Friedman and Libertarianism: A Critique”.
    David Friedman attacks deontological or principled libertarianism from a utilitarian point of view. The present essay is an attempt to refute his critique of this philosophy, and to cast aspersions on the utilitarian version of libertarianism he favors.
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  3. Walter E. Block, 36. “Evictionism is Libertarian; Departurism is Not: Critical Comment on Parr”.
    Evictionist theory allows the mother of an unwanted fetus not to kill it (abortion equals eviction plus killing) but to at any time evict it from her womb, even if it sometimes means the death of the latter. Departurism is incompatible with that philosophy. Parr supports the latter theory. The [...].
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  4. Walter E. Block, 41. “Milton Friedman on Intolerance: A Critique”.
    Milton Friedman had long declared himself a small “l” libertarian (to distinguish himself from members of the Libertarian Party). But, libertarianism is based on the twin pillars of the non aggression axiom and private property predicated on homesteading and peaceful exchange. Friedman adopts none of this. Instead, he undergirds his [...].
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  5. Walter E. Block, “Objections to the Libertarian Stem Cell Compromise”.
    In Block (2010) I offered a compromise between the pro choice position that fervently supports stem cell research, and the pro life philosophy which bitterly opposes it. The compromise was a contest: allow would be researchers to create as many fertilized eggs as they wished. But, also, these should be [...].
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  6. Walter E. Block, 21. “Review of Ostrom's Governing the Commons“. [REVIEW]
    The lynchpin perhaps even the very foundation of free market environmentalism is the tragedy of the commons. If we do not have private property rights in land, endangered animal species, fish, trees, etc., then there will be a real danger, as the left wing environmentalists charge, of extinction of these [...].
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  7. Walter E. Block, 27. “Review of Easterly's The White Man's Burden“. [REVIEW]
    William Easterly has a reputation of being a free enterprise oriented economist. Were this not the case, his 2006 book The White Man’s Burden would not have been such a disappointment. In the event, this author misunderstands economic planning; buys into the fallacious notion of the poverty trap (poor nations [...].
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  8. Walter E. Block, “Review of Huebert's Libertarianism Today”. [REVIEW]
    Libertarianism Today, by Jacob Huebert (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010), is an excellent introduction to libertarianism. In contrast to many other recent books about libertarianism, a consistent non-compromising libertarianism is defended throughout this book.
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  9. Walter E. Block, 4. “Response to Wisniewski on Abortion, Round Two”.
    The two main views on the abortion controversy are pro life and pro choice. In my many previous writings on this subject (Block, 1977, 1978, 2001, 2004, 2008, 2010A, 2010B, 2010C, forthcoming; Block and Whitehead, 2005) I have offered a third alternative, evictionism. Wisniewski (2010A) has offered criticisms of this [...].
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  10. Walter E. Block, 37. “Response to Wisniewski on Abortion, Round Three”.
    Most people are aware of the pro-choice and the pro-life perspectives on abortion. But there is a third one, based on libertarianism called evictionism. I have written on this philosophy on numerous occasions (Block, 1977, 1978, 2004, 2008, 2010A, 2010B, 2010C, 2011, forthcoming, Block and Whitehead, 2005). Wisniewski (2010A, 2010B, [...].
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  11. Walter E. Block, “Rejoinder to Borer on the NAP”.
    Borer (2010) launches a spirited attack on my own promulgation and defense of the non aggression principle (NAP) as the lynchpin of libertarianism, as adumbrated in several of my published papers (Block, 2009A, 2010). The two of us, Borer and me, in my opinion, achieve real disagreement, a goal not [...].
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  12. Walter E. Block, “Response to Jakobsson on Human Body Shields”.
    A grabs B and uses him as a body shield. That is, A hides behind B (A renders B helpless to resist his grasp), and from that vantage point, shoots at C. According to libertarian theory, may B shoot at C, or, is it proper that C pull the trigger [...].
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  13. Walter E. Block, “Rejoinder to Wisniewski on Abortion”.
    I have published more than just a few papers on the abortion issue. Instead of taking either the pro choice or the pro life position, I offer a third alternative: evictionism. I claim that this perspective, which, as it happens is a principled compromise between the other two positions, is [...].
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  14. Walter E. Block (forthcoming). Forthcoming.“How Not to Defend the Market,”. Journal of Libertarian Studies.
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  15. Walter E. Block (2014). Evictionism and Libertarianism. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (3):248-257.
    There is a new sheriff in town on the abortion question. It is called evictionism. It diverges, philosophically, from both the pro-life and the pro-choice positions. It assumes that the birth of a human being starts with the fertilized egg but claims that the unwanted baby is a trespasser that may be evicted in the gentlest manner possible.
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  16. Claire Hovenga, Devaja Naik & Walter E. Block (2013). The Detrimental Side Effects of Minimum Wage Laws. Business and Society Review 118 (4):463-487.
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  17. Walter E. Block (2012). Synthetic Biology Does Not Need a Synthetic Bioethics: Give Me That Old Time (Libertarian) Ethics. Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (1):33 - 36.
    Ethics, Policy & Environment, Volume 15, Issue 1, Page 33-36, March 2012.
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  18. Walter E. Block & Violet Obioha (2012). War on Black Men: Arguments for the Legalization of Drugs. Criminal Justice Ethics 31 (2):106-120.
    Abstract The leadership of the black community is concerned with welfare, with equality, with unemployment, with discrimination, with racism, with the pay gap, and with dozens of other such traditional issues. Oh, yes, they are also apprehensive about the use of addictive drugs. But, as we speak, young male members of this community are being incarcerated at frightful rates, and, even worse, are killing each other to boot. One would think that this latter issue would occupy the interest of black (...)
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  19. Alyssa Labat & Walter E. Block (2012). Money Does Not Grow on Trees: An Argument for Usury. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 106 (3):383-387.
    Usury, charging a higher interest rate than thought by some to be “fair,” has had and still has, a bad press. Historically, it was heavily punished. It was then, and all too often is now, thought to be exploitative. Yet, as even the most economically unsophisticated must realize, both sides of these transactions must necessarily gain at least in the ex ante sense, otherwise one or the other would refuse to enter into the deal in the first place. The present (...)
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  20. Javier Portillo & Walter E. Block (2012). Anti-Discrimination Laws: Undermining Our Rights. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 109 (2):209-217.
    The purpose of this article is to argue in favor of a private employer’s right to discriminate amongst job applicants on any basis he chooses, and this certainly includes unlawful characteristics such as race, sex, national origin, sexual preference, religion, etc. John Locke and many after him have argued that people have natural rights to life, liberty, and property or the pursuit of happiness. In this view, law should be confined to protecting these rights and be limited to prohibiting other (...)
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  21. I. I. Barnett & Walter E. Block (2011). Rejoinder to Bagus and Howden on Borrowing Short and Lending Long. Journal of Business Ethics 100 (2):229-238.
    In Barnett and Block (J Bus Ethics 88(4):711–716, 2009a), the present authors claim that borrowing short and lending long is fraudulent, and thus ought to be prohibited on legal grounds. Bagus and Howden (J Bus Ethics 90(3):399, 2009) take issue with our ethical analysis. The present paper is our response to these authors; it is an attempt to defend Barnett and Block (J Bus Ethics 88(4):711–716, 2009a) against the very interesting and important, although we believe, erroneous, criticisms of Bagus and (...)
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  22. Walter E. Block (2011). Ayn Rand, Religion, and Libertarianism. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 11 (1):63 - 79.
    Ayn Rand most certainly favored liberty, although she renounced the "libertarian" appellation. Yet, in her continuous, contemptuous and shrill attacks on religion, she was denigrating an institution that has made great contributions to freedom. The present essay is an attempt to right the balance; to demonstrate that religion and liberty are not the enemies supposed by Rand.
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  23. William Barnett Ii & Walter E. Block (2011). Rejoinder to Bagus and Howden on Borrowing Short and Lending Long. Journal of Business Ethics 100 (2):229 - 238.
    In Barnett and Block (J Bus Ethics 88(4): 711-716, 2009a), the present authors claim that borrowing short and lending long is fraudulent, and thus ought to be prohibited on legal grounds. Bagus and Howden (J Bus Ethics 90(3): 399, 2009) take issue with our ethical analysis. The present paper is our response to these authors; it is an attempt to defend Barnett and Block (J Bus Ethics 88(4): 711-716, 2009a) against the very interesting and important, although we believe, erroneous, criticisms (...)
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  24. Walter E. Block (2010). Free to Smoke. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 29 (1/4):135-153.
    Freedom to smoke is part and parcel of overall freedom. The former cannot be abrogated without violating the latter. The present paper applies this insight to the regulations placed on the tobacco industry and smoking in general. We find that government interventions into people’s lives regarding smoking are highly incompatible with libertarian principles. We examine many regulations such as prohibiting youths from smoking, preventing second hand smoke, restrictions on advertising, taxing the industry, and liability issues.
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  25. Walter E. Block (2010). Libertarianism is Unique and Belongs. Journal of Libertarian Studies 22:127-70.
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  26. Nicholas A. Snow & Walter E. Block (2010). Free to Smoke. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 29 (1-4):135-153.
    Freedom to smoke is part and parcel of overall freedom. The former cannot be abrogated without violating the latter. The present paper applies this insight to the regulations placed on the tobacco industry and smoking in general. We find that government interventions into people’s lives regarding smoking are highly incompatible with libertarian principles. We examine many regulations such as prohibiting youths from smoking, preventing second hand smoke, restrictions on advertising, taxing the industry, and liability issues.
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  27. Robert Wutscher, Robert P. Murphy & Walter E. Block (2010). Mathematics in Economics: An Austrian Methodological Critique. Philosophical Investigations 33 (1):44-66.
    Even the briefest and most superficial perusal of leading mainstream economics journals will attest to the degree that mathematical formalism has captured the economics profession. Whereas up to the early 20th century virtually all of the output of the dismal scientists was in the literary format, by the early 21st century this is not at all any longer the case. Mathematical formalism is supposed to serve economics, and yet now true economic insight has been crowded out by the math. If (...)
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  28. I. I. Barnett & Walter E. Block (2009). Time Deposits, Dimensions, and Fraud. Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):711-716.
    We stipulate, arguendo, that fractional-reserve-demand deposit banking is per se fraudulent. We ask whether or not time deposit banking can also be illicit, and answer in the positive, if there is a mismatch between the time dimensions of deposits and loans. To wit, if an intermediary borrows short and lends long.
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  29. William Barnett & Walter E. Block (2009). Time Deposits, Dimensions, and Fraud. Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):711-716.
    We stipulate, arguendo, that fractional-reserve-demand deposit banking is per se fraudulent. We ask whether or not time deposit banking can also be illicit, and answer in the positive, if there is a mismatch between the time dimensions of deposits and loans. To wit, if an intermediary borrows short and lends long.
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  30. William Barnett II & Walter E. Block (2009). Time Deposits, Dimensions, and Fraud. Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):711 - 716.
    We stipulate, arguendo, that fractionalreserve-demand deposit banking is per se fraudulent. We ask whether or not time deposit banking can also be illicit, and answer in the positive, if there is a mismatch between the time dimensions of deposits and loans. To wit, if an intermediary borrows short and lends long.
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  31. Wilton D. Alston & Walter E. Block (2008). Reparations, Once Again. Human Rights Review 9 (3):379-392.
    Reparations whether to blacks for slavery, or to Indians for land theft, or to settle any number of other conflicts, has an interesting political background. Analysts on the left, who are usually no friend of private property rights, nevertheless rely on this doctrine to support their case for reparations. Those on the right, in contrast, who supposedly defend the institution of property rights, jettison them when it comes to reparations. It is only libertarians, such as the present authors, who both (...)
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  32. Richard DeGeorge, Walter E. Block, Ralph F. Fuchs, Robert W. McGee, Richard Rorty & John R. Searle (1997). Academic Freedom and Tenure: Ethical Issues. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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