Search results for 'Walter J. Schroyens' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  7
    Walter J. Schroyens, Walter Schaeken & Géry D'Ydewalle (2001). The Processing of Negations in Conditional Reasoning: A Meta-Analytic Case Study in Mental Model and/or Mental Logic Theory. Thinking and Reasoning 7 (2):121-172.
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  2.  15
    Walter J. Schroyens, Walter Schaeken & G. (2001). The Processing of Negations in Conditional Reasoning: A Meta-Analytic Case Study in Mental Model and/or Mental Logic Theory. Thinking and Reasoning 7 (2):121 – 172.
    We present a meta-analytic review on the processing of negations in conditional reasoning about affirmation problems (Modus Ponens: "MP", Affirmation of the Consequent "AC") and denial problems (Denial of the Antecedent "DA", and Modus Tollens "MT"). Findings correct previous generalisations about the phenomena. First, the effects of negation in the part of the conditional about which an inference is made, are not constrained to denial problems. These inferential-negation effects are also observed on AC. Second, there generally are reliable effects of (...)
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  3.  29
    Walter Schroyens, Niki Verschueren, Walter Schaeken & Gery D'Ydewalle (2000). Conditional Reasoning with Negations: Implicit and Explicit Affirmation or Denial and the Role of Contrast Classes. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (3):221 – 251.
    We report two studies on the effect of implicitly versus explicitly conveying affirmation and denial problems about conditionals. Recently Evans and Handley (1999) and Schroyens et al. (1999b, 2000b) showed that implicit referencing elicits matching bias: Fewer determinate inferences are made, when the categorical premise (e.g., B) mismatches the conditional's referred clause (e.g., A). Also, the effect of implicit affirmation (B affirms not-A) is larger than the effect of implicit denial (B denies A). Schroyens et al. hypothesised that (...)
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  4.  7
    J. K. Walter (2011). Supporting Her Autonomy: The Obligations of Guardians and Physicians in Adolescents' Refusals of Care. Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (1):56-59.
    This commentary on “Her Own Decision: Impairment and Authenticity in Adolescence” by Campbell, Derrington, Hester, and Lew adds further consideration of obligations for guardians and physicians of minors who struggle in making serious decisions regarding medical treatment.
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  5. G. J. Troup & J. Walter (1965). A New Use of the Kronig-Kramers Relations in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. II. Philosophical Magazine 11 (113):1059-1066.
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  6.  3
    J. K. Walter, C. W. Lang & L. F. Ross (2010). When Physicians Forego the Doctor-Patient Relationship, Should They Elect to Self-Prescribe or Curbside? An Empirical and Ethical Analysis. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (1):19-23.
    Background: The American Medical Association, the British Medical Association and the Canadian Medical Association have guidelines that specifically discourage physicians from self-prescribing or prescribing to family members, but only the BMA addresses informal prescription requests between colleagues. Objective: To examine the practices of paediatric providers regarding self-prescribing, curbsiding colleagues, and prescribing and refusing to prescribe to friends and family. Methods: 1086 paediatricians listed from the American Academy of Paediatrics 2007 web-based directory were surveyed. Results: 44% of eligible survey respondents returned (...)
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  7. James J. Walter (2005). Medical Futility–an Ethical Issue for Clinicians and Patients. Practical Bioethics 1 (3):1.
     
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  8. Walter Schroyens (2010). Logic and/in Psychology: The Paradoxes of Material Implication and Psychologism in the Cognitive Science of Human Reasoning. In Mike Oaksford & Nick Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking. OUP Oxford
     
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  9.  18
    Kristien Dieussaert, Walter Schaeken, Walter Schroyens & Gery D'Ydewalle (2000). Strategies During Complex Conditional Inferences. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (2):125 – 160.
    In certain contexts reasoners reject instances of the valid Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens inference form in conditional arguments. Byrne (1989) observed this suppression effect when a conditional premise is accompanied by a conditional containing an additional requirement. In an earlier study, Rumain, Connell, and Braine (1983) observed suppression of the invalid inferences "the denial of the antecedent" and "the affirmation of the consequent" when a conditional premise is accompanied by a conditional containing an alternative requirement. Here we present three (...)
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  10.  13
    Walter Schroyens (2009). On is an Ought: Levels of Analysis and the Descriptive Versus Normative Analysis of Human Reasoning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):101-102.
    Algorithmic-level specifications carry part of the explanatory burden in most psychological theories. It is, thus, inappropriate to limit a comparison and evaluation of theories to the computational level. A rational analysis considers people's goal-directed and environmentally adaptive rationality; it is not normative. Adaptive rationality is by definition non-absolute; hence, neither deductive logic nor Bayesian probability theory has absolute normative status.
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  11. Sven Walter, B. McLaughlin & J. Cohen (2009). Epiphenomenalism and the Notion of Causation. In Martina Fürst, Wolfgang Gombocz & Christian Hiebaum (eds.), Gehirne Und Personen. Ontos
     
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  12.  8
    Emil J. Walter (1948). Individuum, Gesellschaft Und Staat. Synthese 7 (1):536-549.
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  13.  18
    Emil J. Walter (1949). Ideal- Und Realtypen der Planwirtschaft. Synthese 8 (1):54 - 64.
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  14.  6
    Emil J. Walter (1956). Die Ausbildung der mathematischen Zeichensprache und ihr Einfluss auf die Entwicklung der mathematischen Problemstellung. Synthese 10 (1):187-189.
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  15.  6
    Emil J. Walter (1949). Individuum, Gesellschaft und Staat. Synthese 8 (1):385-399.
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  16.  6
    Emil J. Walter (1949). Ideal- Und Realtypen Der Planwirtschaft. Synthese 8 (1):54-64.
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  17.  12
    Niki Verschueren, Walter Schroyens, Walter Schaeken & Géry D’Ydewalle (2001). Why Do Participants Draw Non-Valid Inferences in Conditional Reasoning? Cognition 16:238-246.
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  18.  15
    James J. Walter (2003). Catholic Reflections on the Human Genome. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 3 (2):275-283.
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  19.  41
    Emil J. Walter (1948). Individuum, Gesellschaft Und Staat. Synthese 7 (1):385 - 399.
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  20.  26
    Emil J. Walter (1949). (II. Teil) Individuum, Gesellschaft Und Staat. Synthese 8 (1):385 - 399.
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  21.  21
    Géry D'Ydewalle, Walter Schaeken, Kristien Dieussaert, Walter Schroyens & Aline Sevenants (2008). Truth Table Tasks: The Relevance of Irrelevant. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (4):409-433.
    Two types of truth table tasks are used investigating mental representations of conditionals: a possibilities-based and a truth-based one. In possibilities tasks, participants indicate whether a situation is possible or impossible according to the conditional rule. In truth tasks participants evaluate whether a situation makes the rule true or false, or is irrelevant with respect to the truth of the rule. Comparing the two-option version of the possibilities task with the truth task in Experiment 1, the possibilities task yields logical (...)
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  22.  24
    Emil J. Walter (1956). Die Ausbildung der Mathematischen Zeichensprache Und Ihr Einfluss Auf Die Entwicklung der Mathematischen Problemstellung. Synthese 10 (1):187 - 189.
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  23.  3
    Emil J. Walter (1948). Die dialektik in den naturwissenschaften nach dem antidühring. Dialectica 2 (2):229-247.
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  24.  8
    Emil J. Walter (1948). Anwendung der Logistik und analytischen Sozial-psychologie in der Grundlagenforschung der Sozialwissenschaften (Eine wissenschaftlich-methodische Untersuchung einiger Grundbegriffe der Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie). Synthese 7 (1/2):115 - 126.
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  25.  5
    Kerber S. J. Walter (1977). On the Possibility of Scientific Evaluation. Journal of Value Inquiry 11 (2):136-140.
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  26.  4
    Emil J. Walter (1947). Der begriff der dialektik im marxismus. Dialectica 1 (1):63-71.
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  27.  4
    Arthur J. Walter (1927). Friar, Scientist and Philosopher. Modern Schoolman 3 (6):85-86.
    ANNOUNCEMENT has just recently come from the University of Pennsylvania that one of the professors in the University is preparing the first English translationof the eminent Franciscan's "opus magniam". The Editor.
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  28.  22
    Aline Sevenants, Walter Schroyens, Kristien Dieussaert, Walter Schaeken & G. (2008). Truth Table Tasks: The Relevance of Irrelevant. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (4):409-433.
    Two types of truth table tasks are used investigating mental representations of conditionals: a possibilities-based and a truth-based one. In possibilities tasks, participants indicate whether a situation is possible or impossible according to the conditional rule. In truth tasks participants evaluate whether a situation makes the rule true or false, or is irrelevant with respect to the truth of the rule. Comparing the two-option version of the possibilities task with the truth task in Experiment 1, the possibilities task yields logical (...)
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  29.  22
    Emil J. Walter (1947). Die Bedeutung der Tiefenpsychologie Für Die Geschichtliche Und Soziologische Forschung. Synthese 6 (3-4):152 - 156.
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  30.  4
    Emil J. Walter & H. Guggenheimer (1948). Wort (logos) und ziel (telos)? Dialectica 2 (1):78-80.
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  31.  2
    J. N. Coldstream, Samos & H. Walter (1971). Fruhe samische Gefasse: Chronologie und Landschaftsstile ostgriechischer Gefasse Band 5. Journal of Hellenic Studies 91:202.
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  32.  7
    James J. Walter (1976). Joseph Fletcher and the Ends-Means Problematic. Heythrop Journal 17 (1):50–63.
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  33.  2
    James J. Walter (1985). A Public Policy Option on the Treatment of Severely Handicapped Newborns. Laval Théologique et Philosophique 41 (2):239-250.
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  34.  2
    Randy J. Dunn, Jeffrey Glanz, Harvey G. Neufeldt, Douglas Simpson, Barry Kanpol, David Leo-Nyquist, Robert J. Mulvaney, Stephen D. Short, Scott Walter, Donald Vandenberg & Richard A. Brosio (1995). Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW] Educational Studies 26 (1-2):60-119.
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  35.  2
    Emile J. Walter (1962). Vers une classification scientifique de la socioloigie. Dialectica 16 (4):354-360.
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  36. Jan Aertsen, Calvin Bower, F. A. J. De Haas, Wolfgang Hirschmann, Eva Hirtler, Matthias Hochadel, Udo Reinhold Jeck, Christian Meyer, Klaus Niemöller, Cecilia Panti, Alison Peden, Klaus-Jürgen Sachs, Michael Walter & Stephen Gersh (1998). Musik - Und Die Geschichte der Philosophie Und Naturwissenschaften Im Mittelalter: Fragen Zur Wechselwirkung von 'Musica' Und 'Philosophia' Im Mittelalter. Brill.
    In this volume specialists of medieval music and philosophy put the medieval 'musica' into the context of ideas and institutions in which it existed. The significance of 'musica' cannot be understood from a modern point of view since 'music' does not match the medieval 'musica'.
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  37. Laura J. Ferris, Jolanda Jetten, Melissa Johnstone, Elise Girdham, Cameron Parsell & Zoe C. Walter (2016). The Florence Nightingale Effect: Organizational Identification Explains the Peculiar Link Between Others’ Suffering and Workplace Functioning in the Homelessness Sector. Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  38. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, J. Erdmann, F. Walter, Franz Hespe & Burkhard Tuschling (1996). Vorlesungen. Bd. 13: Vorlesungen über die Philosophie des Geistes. Berlin. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 58 (1):175-176.
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  39. J. Horsfall, M. Cleary, G. E. Hunt & G. Walter (2011). Acute Care. In Philip J. Barker (ed.), Mental Health Ethics: The Human Context. Routledge
     
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  40. G. Patriarche, P. Walter, E. Van Elslande, J. Ayache & J. Castaing (2013). Characteristics of HgS Nanoparticles Formed in Hair by a Chemical Reaction. Philosophical Magazine 93 (1-3):137-151.
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  41. Thomas A. Shannon & James J. Walter (2004). Implications of the Papal Allocution on Feeding Tubes. Hastings Center Report 34 (4):18-20.
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  42. Emil J. Walter (1937). Aufriss der Logistik. Journal of Symbolic Logic 2 (1):59-59.
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  43. E. J. Walter (1949). Éditorial. Dialectica 3 (4):247-253.
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  44. Emil J. Walter (1947). Institute for the Unity of Science. From Minutes of Board of Regents. Synthese 6 (3/4):158.
     
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  45. Emil J. Walter (1938). Logistik. Logische Syntax Und Mathematik. Journal of Symbolic Logic 3 (1):54-54.
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  46. Emil J. Walter (1947). Psychologische Grundlagen der Geschichtlichen Und Sozialen Entwicklung. Synthese 6 (5):260-262.
     
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  47. James J. Walter (2000). Proportionate Reason and its Three Levels of Inquiry: Structuring the Ongoing Debate. In Christopher Robert Kaczor (ed.), Proportionalism: For and Against. Marquette University Press
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  48. Emil J. Walter & Jean Pelseneer (1948). The History of Science. Isis 38 (3/4):244-245.
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  49. James J. Walter (2008). What Does Horizon Analysis Bring to the Consistent Ethic of Life? In Thomas A. Nairn (ed.), The Consistent Ethic of Life: Assessing its Reception and Relevance. Orbis Books
     
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  50.  15
    H. J. (1999). Georges B. J. Dreyfus Recognizing Reality: Dharmakirti's Philosophy and its Tibetan Interpretations. (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997). Pp. 462+Notes, Tibetan-Sanskrit-English Glossary, Bibliography, and Indexes. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 35 (1):113-116.
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