Search results for 'War Causes' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Arash Abizadeh (2011). Hobbes on the Causes of War: A Disagreement Theory. American Political Science Review 105 (02):298-315.score: 132.0
    Hobbesian war primarily arises not because material resources are scarce; or because humans ruthlessly seek survival before all else; or because we are naturally selfish, competitive, or aggressive brutes. Rather, it arises because we are fragile, fearful, impressionable, and psychologically prickly creatures susceptible to ideological manipulation, whose anger can become irrationally inflamed by even trivial slights to our glory. The primary source of war, according to Hobbes, is disagreement, because we read into it the most inflammatory signs of contempt. Both (...)
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  2. H. G. Callaway (ed.) (2011). Alexander James Dallas: An Exposition of the Causes and Character of the War. An Annotated Edition. Dunedin Academic Press.score: 108.0
    Alexander James Dallas' An Exposition of the Causes and Character of the War was written as part of an effort by the then US government to explain and justify its declaration of war in 1812. However publication coincided with the ratification of the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War. The Exposition is especially interesting for the insight it provides into the self-constraint of American foreign policy and of the conduct of a war. The focus is on the foreign (...)
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  3. Hidemi Suganami (1996). On the Causes of War. Oxford University Press.score: 108.0
    In this highly original and important book, the author analyzes one of the fundamental questions of international relations: what causes war? Drawing on historical, statistical, and philosophical perspectives to produce an innovative theory, the author rejects the simplistic notion that war can be explained by some straightforward formula, yet demonstrates that there are basic similarities among the diverse origins of wars. Comparing various narrative accounts of the origins of wars, the author shows that enquiry into the causes of (...)
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  4. L. Aylward (2007). Understanding the Civil War: Causes of Violent Conflict and the Social Construction of Indigenous Identity in Guatemala. Dialogue 5 (1):45-64.score: 90.0
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  5. Victor W. Sidel (2008). War has an Enormous and Tragic Impact—Both Directly and Indi-Rectly—on Health. War Causes Death and Disability; Destroys Fam-Ilies, Communities, and the Environment; Diverts Resources; Destroys Infrastructure That Supports Human Health; Violates Human Rights; and Begets Further Violence (Levy and Sidel 2008). In Neil Arya & Joanna Santa Barbara (eds.), Peace Through Health: How Health Professionals Can Work for a Less Violent World. Kumarian Press. 1049.score: 90.0
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  6. Margaret Denike (2008). The Human Rights of Others: Sovereignty, Legitimacy, and "Just Causes" for the "War on Terror". Hypatia 23 (2):pp. 95-121.score: 84.0
    In this essay, Denike assesses the appropriation of international human rights by humanitarian law and policy of "security states." She maps representations of the perpetrators and victims of "tyranny" and "terror, " and their role in providing a "just cause" for the U.S.–led "war on terror. " By examining narratives of progress and human rights heroism Denike shows how human rights discourses, when used together with the pretense of self-defense and preemptive war, do the opposite of what they claim—entrenching the (...)
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  7. Steven Metz & Phillip R. Cuccia (eds.) (2011). Defining War for the 21st Century. Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College.score: 84.0
    Introduction -- The meaning of war -- The historical context -- How do we know that we are at war? -- How do we know when a war is over? -- National security strategy and tactical art -- Who participates in war? -- What rules govern war? -- Why does it matter? -- The way ahead.
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  8. Guy Theodore Wrench (1926). The Causes of War and Peace. London, W. Heinemann Ltd..score: 84.0
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  9. Giuseppina D'Oro (2012). Reasons and Causes: The Philosophical Battle and The Meta-Philosophical War. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (2):207 - 221.score: 78.0
    ?Are the reasons for acting also the causes of action?? When this question was asked in the early 1960s it received by and large a negative reply: ?No, reasons are not causes?. Yet, when the same question ?Are the reasons for acting the causes of action?? is posed some twenty years later, the predominant answer is ?Yes, reasons are causes?. How could one and the same question receive such diverging answers in the space of only a (...)
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  10. Barry Smith (1997). The Cognitive Geometry of War. In Peter Koller & Klaus Puhl (eds.), Current Issues in Political Philosophy: Justice in Society and World Order. Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky.score: 78.0
    When national borders in the modern sense first began to be established in early modern Europe, non-contiguous and perforated nations were a commonplace. According to the conception of the shapes of nations that is currently preferred, however, nations must conform to the topological model of (approximate) circularity; their borders must guarantee contiguity and simple connectedness, and such borders must as far as possible conform to existing topographical features on the ground. The striving to conform to this model can be seen (...)
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  11. Jack S. Levy (2007). Explaining War and Peace: Case Studies and Necessary Condition Counterfactuals. Routledge.score: 78.0
    This edited volume focuses on the use of ?necessary condition counterfactuals? in explaining two key events in twentieth century history, the origins of the ...
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  12. A. Andrewes (1959). Thucydides on the Causes of the War. Classical Quarterly 9 (3-4):223-.score: 72.0
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  13. Ermanno Bencivenga (2006). The Causes of War and Peace. Philosophy and Literature 30 (2):484-495.score: 72.0
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  14. S. Perlman (1964). The Causes and the Outbreak of the Corinthian War. Classical Quarterly 14 (01):64-.score: 72.0
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  15. S. F. Wise (1964). Private Men and Public Causes: Philosophy and Politics in the English Civil War. By Irene Coltman. London, Faber & Faber, 1962. Pp. 251. $8.00. [REVIEW] Dialogue 2 (04):482-483.score: 72.0
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  16. R. Sealey (1957). Thucydides, Herodotos, and the Causes of War. Classical Quarterly 7 (1-2):1-.score: 72.0
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  17. Gerard Francis Yates (1936). The Causes of War and the Conditions of Peace. Thought 11 (2):306-309.score: 72.0
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  18. Paul Bloomfield (1958). Paths to Peace: A Study of War, its Causes and Prevention. The Eugenics Review 49 (4):208.score: 72.0
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  19. Michael Derndarsky (1978). World Politics and the Causes of War in the 20th Century. A Quantitative Empirical Study. Philosophy and History 11 (2):238-239.score: 72.0
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  20. Raymond Fisman, Edward Miguel Economic Gangsters & Violence Corruption (2011). Leora Batnitzky. Idolatry and Representation: The Philosophy of Franz Rosenzweig Reconsidered (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2009), X+ 281 Pp. $23.95/£ 16.95 Paper. Matthew A. Baum and Tim J. Groeling. War Stories: The Causes and Consequences of Public Views of War (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2010), Xviii+ 329 Pp. [REVIEW] The European Legacy 16 (1):143-145.score: 72.0
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  21. Konrad Fuchs (1976). Events Leading to the Second World War. An Economic Analysis of the Causes of the War. Philosophy and History 9 (1):113-114.score: 72.0
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  22. Azar Gat (2010). The Causes of War in Natural and Historical Evolution. In Henrik Høgh-Olesen (ed.), Human Morality and Sociality: Evolutionary and Comparative Perspectives. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 72.0
     
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  23. Hanns Hubert Hofmann (1970). World War I. Causes, Origin and War Aims. Philosophy and History 3 (1):102-104.score: 72.0
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  24. J. S. Huxley (1922). A Statistical Method of Testing the Biological Causes Underlying the Excess of Male Births Due to the War. Eugenics Review 13:549-50.score: 72.0
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  25. J. A. Spender (1940). The Deeper Causes of the War and its Issues. By Various Authors. (London: G. Allen & Unwin, Ltd. 1940. Pp. 206. Price 5s.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 15 (60):441-.score: 72.0
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  26. Michael H. Lessnoff (1990). Peter Caws, Ed., The Causes of Quarrel: Essays on Peace, War and Thomas Hobbes Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 10 (10):396-399.score: 72.0
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  27. Peter J. Rhodes (forthcoming). Thucydides on the Causes of the Peloponnesian War. Hermes.score: 72.0
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  28. John J. Davenport (2011). Just War Theory, Humanitarian Intervention, and the Need for a Democratic Federation. Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (3):493-555.score: 66.0
    The primary purpose of government is to secure public goods that cannot be achieved by free markets. The Coordination Principle tells us to consolidate sovereign power in a single institution to overcome collective action problems that otherwise prevent secure provision of the relevant public goods. There are several public goods that require such coordination at the global level, chief among them being basic human rights. The claim that human rights require global coordination is supported in three main steps. First, I (...)
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  29. Herbert Hörz (2010). Sind Kriege Gesetzmässig?: Standpunkte, Hoffnungen, Handlungsorientierungen. Forschungsinst. Der Iwvww.score: 60.0
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  30. John A. Vasquez (1993). The War Puzzle. Cambridge University Press.score: 54.0
    This book constructs a new scientific explanation of the causes of war. The author describes systematically those factors common to wars between equal states to see if there is a pattern that suggests why war occurs and delineates the typical path by which relatively equal states have become embroiled in wars with one another in the modern global system. The book differs from others in that it employs the large number of empirical findings generated in the past twenty-five years (...)
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  31. Harold H. Titus (1943). What is a Mature Morality? New York, the Macmillan Company.score: 48.0
     
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  32. Virginia Held (2004). Terrorism and War. Journal of Ethics 8 (1):59-75.score: 42.0
    There are different kinds of terrorism as there are of war. It is unpersuasive to make the deliberate targeting of civilians a defining feature of terrorism, and states as well as non-state groups can engage in terrorism. In a democracy, voters responsible for a government’s unjustifiable policies are not necessarily innocent, while conscripts are legitimate targets. Rather than being uniquely atrocious, terrorism most resembles small war. It is not always or necessarily more morally unjustifiable than war. All war should be (...)
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  33. John Kekes (2010). War. Philosophy 85 (2):201-218.score: 42.0
    This article is an explanation of the causes of war. It shows the inadequacy of existing explanations in terms of competition for scarce resources, aggressiveness as a trait inherent in human nature, and struggle for power. It constructs a new explanation that combines the defensible elements of the inadequate explanations and adds to them conflicts between systems of value on which the identity of the warring parties depends as the most important of the causes of war. It concludes (...)
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  34. Matthew Beard (2013). Risking Aggression: Toleration of Threat and Preventive War. Heythrop Journal 54 (5):n/a-n/a.score: 42.0
    Generally speaking, just war theory (JWT) holds that there are two just causes for war: self-defence and ‘other-defence’. The most common type of the latter is popularly known as ‘humanitarian intervention’. There is debate, however, as to whether these can serve as just causes for preventive war. Those who subscribe to JWT tend to be unified in treating so-called preventive war with a high degree of suspicion on the grounds that it fails to satisfy conventional criteria for jus (...)
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  35. Davis Brown (2011). Judging the Judges: Evaluating Challenges to Proper Authority in Just War Theory. Journal of Military Ethics 10 (3):133-147.score: 42.0
    Abstract The article criticizes the trend of reformulating the traditional just-war criterion of Proper Authority, which was designed to de-legitimize force by non-state actors, into a requirement that decisions to resort to force be multilateral. The article illustrates several shortcomings of the judgment processes of the UN Security Council and General Assembly, the World Court, and states? populations, and argues among other things that reformulating Proper Authority would render other criteria meaningless, especially Just Cause. Finally, the article rebuts the strongest (...)
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  36. Paul Robinson (2006). Military Honour and the Conduct of War: From Ancient Greece to Iraq. Routledge.score: 42.0
    This book analyses the influences of ideas of honor on the causes, conduct, and endings of wars from Ancient Greece through to the present-day war in Iraq. It does this through a series of historical case studies. In the process, it highlights both the differences and the similarities between the various eras under study, and draws conclusions about the relevance of honor to war in the modern era. Each chapter looks at a particular period in history and is divided (...)
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  37. David K. Chan (2012). The Ethics of War and Law Enforcement in Defending Against Terrorism. Social Philosophy Today 28:101-114.score: 42.0
    There are two contrasting paradigms for dealing with terrorists: war and law enforcement. In this paper, I first discuss how the just war theory assesses the military response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the United States. I argue that the ethical problems with the U.S. attack on Afghanistan in response to 9/11 concern principles of jus ad bellum besides just cause. I show that the principles of right intention, last resort, proportionality and likelihood of success were violated. Furthermore, both (...)
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  38. Keith Gandal (2010). Why the Vietnam Antiwar Uprising? The Confluence of Scholastic Meritocracy and Cold War Mobilization in a New Student Class. Telos 2010 (150):9-26.score: 42.0
    The huge protest against the Vietnam War, which Charles DeBenedetti has described as “the largest and most potent expression of domestic antiwar discontent since the Russian Revolution,”1 remains a mystery, a stunning and unprecedented event in American history, and one that has not been repeated. More than forty years later, there is nothing approaching a consensus about the 1960s antiwar movement. If anything, the various accounts of its causes and effects have become more divergent. Commentators have argued about whether (...)
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  39. Gabriel Viorel Gardan & Marius Eppel (2012). The Romanian Emigration to the United States Until the First World War. Revisiting Opportunities and Vulnerabilities. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (32):256-287.score: 42.0
    The European emigration on the other side of the Atlantic was a complex phenomenon. The areas inhabited by Romanians got acquainted to this phenomenon towards the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth. Therefore, starting with the year 1895, a certain mixture of causes led to a massive migration to America, especially of the Romanians from the rural areas. The purpose of our study is to explore the causes of the Romanian emigration across the (...)
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  40. Jeff McMahan (2005). Just Cause for War. Ethics and International Affairs 19 (3):1–21.score: 40.0
    which I will argue must ultimately be ment that there be a good or compelling assessed by reference to the moral plausireason to go to war—and then to observe bility both of these implications and of that, at least until quite recently, contemthe larger understanding of a just war in porary just war theory and international which the conception is embedded. As I law have recognized only one just cause..
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  41. Subramhanya Aiyar & N. [from old catalog] (1944). The Philosophy of War, its Cause and Cure. Trivandrum, World Welfare Mission.score: 38.0
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  42. Nick Fotion (2006). Two Theories of Just War. Philosophia 34 (1):53-64.score: 36.0
    As it is traditionally conceived, Just War Theory is not well suited for dealing with nation vs non-nation wars. It thus makes sense to create a second Just War Theory to deal with these wars. This article explores the differences and similarities between the two theories.
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  43. Robin Blackburn (2002). The Imperial Presidency, the War on Terrorism, and the Revolutions of Modernity. Constellations 9 (1):3-33.score: 36.0
    It is inherent in the concept of a terrorist act that it aims at an effect very much larger than the direct physical destruction it causes. Proponents of what used to be called the 'propaganda of the deed' also believed that in the illuminating glare of terror the vulnerability of a corrupt ...
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  44. Gabriel Ribeiro Barnabé (2010). As relações internacionais no pensamento de Thomas Hobbes. Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 14 (1):45-77.score: 36.0
    We shall examine how Hobbes conceives the international relations as a scenario of permanent hostility, his contribution to the realist theory of international relations and the strategies for the attainment of peace or the maximization of benefits. We shall investigate the hobbesian equation between state of nature, international relations and state of war, the characteristics of the state of nature, the properties of foreign war and its causes, and the mechanism of balance of power. We shall also analyze the (...)
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  45. Leonard Kahn (2013). Just War Theory and Cyber-Attacks. In Fritz Alhoff, Nicholas Evans & Adam Henschke (eds.), Not Just Wars. Routledge.score: 32.0
    In this chapter, I take up the question of whether one of the central principles of jus ad bellum – just cause – is relevant in a world in which cyberattacks occur. I argue that this principle is just as relevant as ever, though it needs modification in light of recent developments. In particular, I argue, contrary to many traditional just war theorists, that just cause should not be limited to physical attacks. In the process, I offer an improved definition (...)
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  46. Helen Frowe (forthcoming). Defensive Killing: An Essay on War and Self-Defence. OUP.score: 32.0
  47. Jeff McMahan (2004). The Ethics of Killing in War. Ethics 114 (4):693-733.score: 30.0
    The traditional theory of the just war comprises two sets of principles, one governing the resort to war ( jus ad bellum) and the other governing the conduct of war ( jus in bello). The two sets of principles are regarded, in Michael Walzer’s words, as “logically independent. It is perfectly possible for a just war to be fought unjustly and for an unjust war to be fought in strict accordance with the rules.”1 Let us say that those who fight (...)
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  48. Jeff McMahan (2006). The Ethics of Killing in War. Philosophia 34 (1):693-733.score: 30.0
    This paper argues that certain central tenets of the traditional theory of the just war cannot be correct. It then advances an alternative account grounded in the same considerations of justice that govern self-defense at the individual level. The implications of this account are unorthodox. It implies that, with few exceptions, combatants who fight for an unjust cause act impermissibly when they attack enemy combatants, and that combatants who fight in a just war may, in certain circumstances, legitimately target noncombatants (...)
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  49. Igor Primoratz (2002). Michael Walzer's Just War Theory: Some Issues of Responsibility. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (2):221-243.score: 30.0
    In his widely influential statement of just war theory, Michael Walzer exempts conscripted soldiers from all responsibility for taking part in war, whether just or unjust (the thesis of the moral equality of soldiers). He endows the overwhelming majority of civilians with almost absolute immunity from military attack on the ground that they aren't responsible for the war their country is waging, whether just or unjust. I argue that Walzer is much too lenient on both soldiers and civilians. Soldiers fighting (...)
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  50. John W. Lango (2005). Preventive Wars, Just War Principles, and the United Nations. Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):247 - 268.score: 30.0
    This paper explores the question of whether the United Nations should engage in preventive military actions. Correlatively, it asks whether UN preventive military actions could satisfy just war principles. Rather than from the standpoint of the individual nation state, the ethics of preventive war is discussed from the standpoint of the UN. For the sake of brevity, only the legitimate authority, just cause, last resort, and proportionality principles are considered. Since there has been disagreement about the specific content of these (...)
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