Search results for 'War Causes' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  96
    Arash Abizadeh (2011). Hobbes on the Causes of War: A Disagreement Theory. American Political Science Review 105 (02):298-315.
    Hobbesian war primarily arises not because material resources are scarce; or because humans ruthlessly seek survival before all else; or because we are naturally selfish, competitive, or aggressive brutes. Rather, it arises because we are fragile, fearful, impressionable, and psychologically prickly creatures susceptible to ideological manipulation, whose anger can become irrationally inflamed by even trivial slights to our glory. The primary source of war, according to Hobbes, is disagreement, because we read into it the most inflammatory signs of contempt. Both (...)
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  2.  45
    Juha Räikkä & Andrei Rodin (2015). Environmental Security and Just Causes for War. Almanac: Discourses of Ethics 10 (1):47-54.
    This article asks whether a country that suffers from serious environmental problems caused by another country could have a just cause for a defensive war? Danish philosopher Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen has argued that under certain conditions extreme poverty may give a just cause for a country to defensive war, if that poverty is caused by other countries. This raises the question whether the victims of environmental damages could also have a similar right to self-defense. Although the article concerns justice of war, (...)
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  3. H. G. Callaway (ed.) (2011). Alexander James Dallas: An Exposition of the Causes and Character of the War. An Annotated Edition. Dunedin Academic Press.
    Alexander James Dallas' An Exposition of the Causes and Character of the War was written as part of an effort by the then US government to explain and justify its declaration of war in 1812. However publication coincided with the ratification of the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War. The Exposition is especially interesting for the insight it provides into the self-constraint of American foreign policy and of the conduct of a war. The focus is on the foreign (...)
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  4.  14
    Hidemi Suganami (1996). On the Causes of War. Oxford University Press.
    In this highly original and important book, the author analyzes one of the fundamental questions of international relations: what causes war? Drawing on historical, statistical, and philosophical perspectives to produce an innovative theory, the author rejects the simplistic notion that war can be explained by some straightforward formula, yet demonstrates that there are basic similarities among the diverse origins of wars. Comparing various narrative accounts of the origins of wars, the author shows that enquiry into the causes of (...)
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  5.  1
    Victor W. Sidel (2008). War has an Enormous and Tragic Impact—Both Directly and Indi-Rectly—on Health. War Causes Death and Disability; Destroys Fam-Ilies, Communities, and the Environment; Diverts Resources; Destroys Infrastructure That Supports Human Health; Violates Human Rights; and Begets Further Violence (Levy and Sidel 2008). In Neil Arya & Joanna Santa Barbara (eds.), Peace Through Health: How Health Professionals Can Work for a Less Violent World. Kumarian Press 1049.
  6.  1
    L. Aylward (2007). Understanding the Civil War: Causes of Violent Conflict and the Social Construction of Indigenous Identity in Guatemala. Dialogue 5 (1):45-64.
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  7.  8
    R. Sealey (1957). Thucydides, Herodotos, and the Causes of War. Classical Quarterly 7 (1-2):1-.
    All wars have causes; some have pretexts. When Polybios distinguishes between the cause, the pretext, and the beginning of war, his language sounds curiously modern. When he summarizes the causes of the Second Punic War the modern reader is not so satisfied. The war was due, in his opinion, to the indignation of Hamilcar Barca, who had to accept peace when he could have continued fighting in Sicily; to the anger of the Carthaginians, when they were forced to (...)
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  8.  8
    S. Perlman (1964). The Causes and the Outbreak of the Corinthian War. Classical Quarterly 14 (01):64-.
    The causes and the outbreak of the Corinthian war, as well as the events immediately preceding it, have often been discussed by modern historians. Since the Corinthian war is the first attempt at achieving a new settlement in Greece after the Peloponnesian war and since it brought about new political alliances and the revival of old imperial rivalries, it is not only an episode in the continual warfare among the Greek states, but may also be regarded as a key (...)
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  9. Peter Caws (1989). The Causes of Quarrel Essays on Peace, War, and Thomas Hobbes.
  10. Guy Theodore Wrench (1926). The Causes of War and Peace. London, W. Heinemann Ltd..
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  11.  54
    Giuseppina D'Oro (2012). Reasons and Causes: The Philosophical Battle and The Meta-Philosophical War. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (2):207 - 221.
    ?Are the reasons for acting also the causes of action?? When this question was asked in the early 1960s it received by and large a negative reply: ?No, reasons are not causes?. Yet, when the same question ?Are the reasons for acting the causes of action?? is posed some twenty years later, the predominant answer is ?Yes, reasons are causes?. How could one and the same question receive such diverging answers in the space of only a (...)
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  12.  97
    Margaret Denike (2008). The Human Rights of Others: Sovereignty, Legitimacy, and "Just Causes" for the "War on Terror". Hypatia 23 (2):pp. 95-121.
    In this essay, Denike assesses the appropriation of international human rights by humanitarian law and policy of "security states." She maps representations of the perpetrators and victims of "tyranny" and "terror, " and their role in providing a "just cause" for the U.S.–led "war on terror. " By examining narratives of progress and human rights heroism Denike shows how human rights discourses, when used together with the pretense of self-defense and preemptive war, do the opposite of what they claim—entrenching the (...)
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  13. Ermanno Bencivenga (2006). The Causes of War and Peace. Philosophy and Literature 30 (2):484-495.
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  14.  20
    Gerard Francis Yates (1936). The Causes of War and the Conditions of Peace. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 11 (2):306-309.
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  15.  6
    P. Rhodes (1987). Thucydides on the Causes of the Peloponnesian War. Hermes 115 (2):154-165.
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  16.  6
    Paul Bloomfield (1958). Paths to Peace: A Study of War, its Causes and Prevention. The Eugenics Review 49 (4):208.
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  17. Azar Gat (2010). The Causes of War in Natural and Historical Evolution. In Henrik Høgh-Olesen (ed.), Human Morality and Sociality: Evolutionary and Comparative Perspectives. Palgrave Macmillan
     
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  18.  6
    Konrad Fuchs (1976). Events Leading to the Second World War. An Economic Analysis of the Causes of the War. Philosophy and History 9 (1):113-114.
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  19.  2
    Margaret Denike (2008). The Human Rights of Others: Sovereignty, Legitimacy, and “Just Causes” for the “War on Terror”. Hypatia 23 (2):95-121.
  20.  18
    A. Andrewes (1959). Thucydides on the Causes of the War. Classical Quarterly 9 (3-4):223-.
    It is no doubt often salutary, even a necessary condition of progress, that we should shelve the great problems of a preceding generation without precisely solving them; but a controversy may be shelved too soon, and I fear this may have been the case with the great ‘Thucydidean question’ as it stood in the days of Wilamowitz and Schwartz. The analysts said some wild things, and their disagreements about early and late passages, or about the range of an editor's activities, (...)
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  21.  3
    Hanns Hubert Hofmann (1970). World War I. Causes, Origin and War Aims. Philosophy and History 3 (1):102-104.
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  22.  2
    Raymond Fisman, Edward Miguel Economic Gangsters & Violence Corruption (2011). Leora Batnitzky. Idolatry and Representation: The Philosophy of Franz Rosenzweig Reconsidered (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2009), X+ 281 Pp. $23.95/£ 16.95 Paper. Matthew A. Baum and Tim J. Groeling. War Stories: The Causes and Consequences of Public Views of War (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2010), Xviii+ 329 Pp. [REVIEW] The European Legacy 16 (1):143-145.
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  23. Michael H. Lessnoff (1990). Peter Caws, Ed., The Causes of Quarrel: Essays on Peace, War and Thomas Hobbes Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 10 (10):396-399.
     
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  24.  4
    Michael Derndarsky (1978). World Politics and the Causes of War in the 20th Century. A Quantitative Empirical Study. Philosophy and History 11 (2):238-239.
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  25.  8
    S. F. Wise (1964). Private Men and Public Causes: Philosophy and Politics in the English Civil War. By Irene Coltman. London, Faber & Faber, 1962. Pp. 251. $8.00. [REVIEW] Dialogue 2 (4):482-483.
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  26. Rushton Coulborn (1938). The Causes of War and the Study of History. Journal of Social Philosophy 4:57.
     
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  27. J. S. Huxley (1922). A Statistical Method of Testing the Biological Causes Underlying the Excess of Male Births Due to the War. Eugenics Review 13:549-50.
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  28. J. A. Spender (1940). The Deeper Causes of the War and its Issues. By Various Authors. (London: G. Allen & Unwin, Ltd. 1940. Pp. 206. Price 5s.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 15 (60):441-.
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  29. J. H. Muirhead (1939). The Deeper Causes of the War and its Issues. By Eight Writers with a Foreword by the Editor, Sydney E. Hooper. [REVIEW] Hibbert Journal 38:527.
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  30.  15
    Steven Metz & Phillip R. Cuccia (eds.) (2011). Defining War for the 21st Century. Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College.
    Introduction -- The meaning of war -- The historical context -- How do we know that we are at war? -- How do we know when a war is over? -- National security strategy and tactical art -- Who participates in war? -- What rules govern war? -- Why does it matter? -- The way ahead.
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  31.  11
    Barry Smith (1997). The Cognitive Geometry of War. In Peter Koller & Klaus Puhl (eds.), Current Issues in Political Philosophy: Justice in Society and World Order. Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky
    When national borders in the modern sense first began to be established in early modern Europe, non-contiguous and perforated nations were a commonplace. According to the conception of the shapes of nations that is currently preferred, however, nations must conform to the topological model of circularity; their borders must guarantee contiguity and simple connectedness, and such borders must as far as possible conform to existing topographical features on the ground. The striving to conform to this model can be seen at (...)
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  32.  10
    Jack S. Levy (2007). Explaining War and Peace: Case Studies and Necessary Condition Counterfactuals. Routledge.
    This edited volume focuses on the use of ?necessary condition counterfactuals? in explaining two key events in twentieth century history, the origins of the ...
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  33. George P. Fletcher (2002). Romantics at War: Glory and Guilt in the Age of Terrorism. Princeton University Press.
    America is at war with terrorism. Terrorists must be brought to justice.We hear these phrases together so often that we rarely pause to reflect on the dramatic differences between the demands of war and the demands of justice, differences so deep that the pursuit of one often comes at the expense of the other. In this book, one of the country's most important legal thinkers brings much-needed clarity to the still unfolding debates about how to pursue war and justice in (...)
     
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  34.  18
    Juha Räikkä (2014). Redistributive Wars and Just War Principles. Ratio.Ru 12:4-26.
    The topic of the paper is the justness of the so-called global redistributive wars — wars whose prime purpose would be the correction of global economic and power structures that are said to cause suffering in poor countries. My aim is to comment on Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen’s argument concerning the implications of Thomas Pogge’s theory of global poverty. Pogge has argued that affluent coun-tries uphold global institutional structures that have a significant causal role in leading to the poverty-related deaths of millions (...)
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  35.  31
    John J. Davenport (2011). Just War Theory, Humanitarian Intervention, and the Need for a Democratic Federation. Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (3):493-555.
    The primary purpose of government is to secure public goods that cannot be achieved by free markets. The Coordination Principle tells us to consolidate sovereign power in a single institution to overcome collective action problems that otherwise prevent secure provision of the relevant public goods. There are several public goods that require such coordination at the global level, chief among them being basic human rights. The claim that human rights require global coordination is supported in three main steps. First, I (...)
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  36.  10
    John A. Vasquez (1993). The War Puzzle. Cambridge University Press.
    This book constructs a new scientific explanation of the causes of war. The author describes systematically those factors common to wars between equal states to see if there is a pattern that suggests why war occurs and delineates the typical path by which relatively equal states have become embroiled in wars with one another in the modern global system. The book differs from others in that it employs the large number of empirical findings generated in the past twenty-five years (...)
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  37.  10
    Lisa Rivera (2009). Citizen Responsibility for War in Imperfect Democracies. Dialogue (Canadian Philosophical Association) 48 (4):813-840.
    ABSTRACT: Are individual citizens of imperfect democracies morally responsible for unjust wars waged by their state? Moral responsibility for unjust wars involves both retrospective and social responsibility. Citizens of imperfect democracies are retrospectively responsible when they choose to vote for a leader they know will wage an unjust war. This situation may occur very rarely. For example, US citizens did not have this political option at the outset of the Vietnam and Iraq Wars. However, even when citizens are not retrospectively (...)
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  38. Herbert Hörz (2010). Sind Kriege Gesetzmässig?: Standpunkte, Hoffnungen, Handlungsorientierungen. Forschungsinst. Der Iwvww.
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  39. Virginia Held (2004). Terrorism and War. Journal of Ethics 8 (1):59-75.
    There are different kinds of terrorism as there are of war. It is unpersuasive to make the deliberate targeting of civilians a defining feature of terrorism, and states as well as non-state groups can engage in terrorism. In a democracy, voters responsible for a government’s unjustifiable policies are not necessarily innocent, while conscripts are legitimate targets. Rather than being uniquely atrocious, terrorism most resembles small war. It is not always or necessarily more morally unjustifiable than war. All war should be (...)
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  40.  25
    Paul Robinson (2006). Military Honour and the Conduct of War: From Ancient Greece to Iraq. Routledge.
    This book analyses the influences of ideas of honor on the causes, conduct, and endings of wars from Ancient Greece through to the present-day war in Iraq. It does this through a series of historical case studies. In the process, it highlights both the differences and the similarities between the various eras under study, and draws conclusions about the relevance of honor to war in the modern era. Each chapter looks at a particular period in history and is divided (...)
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  41.  13
    Davis Brown (2011). Judging the Judges: Evaluating Challenges to Proper Authority in Just War Theory. Journal of Military Ethics 10 (3):133-147.
    Abstract The article criticizes the trend of reformulating the traditional just-war criterion of Proper Authority, which was designed to de-legitimize force by non-state actors, into a requirement that decisions to resort to force be multilateral. The article illustrates several shortcomings of the judgment processes of the UN Security Council and General Assembly, the World Court, and states? populations, and argues among other things that reformulating Proper Authority would render other criteria meaningless, especially Just Cause. Finally, the article rebuts the strongest (...)
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  42.  43
    Matthew Beard (2013). Risking Aggression: Toleration of Threat and Preventive War. Heythrop Journal 54 (5):n/a-n/a.
    Generally speaking, just war theory (JWT) holds that there are two just causes for war: self-defence and ‘other-defence’. The most common type of the latter is popularly known as ‘humanitarian intervention’. There is debate, however, as to whether these can serve as just causes for preventive war. Those who subscribe to JWT tend to be unified in treating so-called preventive war with a high degree of suspicion on the grounds that it fails to satisfy conventional criteria for jus (...)
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  43.  51
    John Kekes (2010). War. Philosophy 85 (2):201-218.
    This article is an explanation of the causes of war. It shows the inadequacy of existing explanations in terms of competition for scarce resources, aggressiveness as a trait inherent in human nature, and struggle for power. It constructs a new explanation that combines the defensible elements of the inadequate explanations and adds to them conflicts between systems of value on which the identity of the warring parties depends as the most important of the causes of war. It concludes (...)
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  44.  16
    David K. Chan (2012). The Ethics of War and Law Enforcement in Defending Against Terrorism. Social Philosophy Today 28:101-114.
    There are two contrasting paradigms for dealing with terrorists: war and law enforcement. In this paper, I first discuss how the just war theory assesses the military response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the United States. I argue that the ethical problems with the U.S. attack on Afghanistan in response to 9/11 concern principles of jus ad bellum besides just cause. I show that the principles of right intention, last resort, proportionality and likelihood of success were violated. Furthermore, both (...)
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  45.  15
    Ryuji Yasukawa (1991). James Mill on Peace and War. Utilitas 3 (2):179.
    James Mill's views on peace and war have yet to be examined in detail. Only a few scholars have paid any attention to this aspect of his thought. Edmund Silberner was the first to give any extensive account of Mill's opposition to war and his proposals for universal peace, but chiefly from an economic point of view. He rightly pointed out that Mill's opposition to war was grounded mainly on his belief that war always obstructs the progress of national wealth, (...)
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  46.  4
    Keith Gandal (2010). Why the Vietnam Antiwar Uprising? The Confluence of Scholastic Meritocracy and Cold War Mobilization in a New Student Class. Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2010 (150):9-26.
    The huge protest against the Vietnam War, which Charles DeBenedetti has described as “the largest and most potent expression of domestic antiwar discontent since the Russian Revolution,”1 remains a mystery, a stunning and unprecedented event in American history, and one that has not been repeated. More than forty years later, there is nothing approaching a consensus about the 1960s antiwar movement. If anything, the various accounts of its causes and effects have become more divergent. Commentators have argued about whether (...)
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  47.  3
    Gabriel Viorel Gardan & Marius Eppel (2012). The Romanian Emigration to the United States Until the First World War. Revisiting Opportunities and Vulnerabilities. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (32):256-287.
    The European emigration on the other side of the Atlantic was a complex phenomenon. The areas inhabited by Romanians got acquainted to this phenomenon towards the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth. Therefore, starting with the year 1895, a certain mixture of causes led to a massive migration to America, especially of the Romanians from the rural areas. The purpose of our study is to explore the causes of the Romanian emigration across the (...)
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  48.  6
    Noel Robertson (1978). The Myth of the First Sacred War. Classical Quarterly 28 (01):38-.
    In the history of Archaic Greece no event stands out so clearly as the First Sacred War. The War took place in the years round 590 B.C., and ended with the capture and destruction of the great city of Crisa at the hands of a coalition of powers which included Sicyon, Athens, and Thessaly. Our sources provide a wealth of detail–the causes of the War, the names of half-a-dozen commanders and champions, the stages of the fighting, the victory celebrations (...)
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  49.  3
    G. B. Grundy (1913). The True Cause of the Peloponnesian War. Classical Quarterly 7 (01):59-.
    In an article in the Classical Quarterly of October, 1911, Mr. Guy Dickins criticized certain views put forward by Mr. Cornford, by the writer of the article on Greek History in the Encyclopaedia Britannica, and by myself, on the statements made by Thucydides as to the cause or causes of the Peloponnesian War. Mr. Dickins makes three statements as to the views which he supposes me to hold. Not one of the three statements is even approximately correct.
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  50. Liddell Hart Haldane (2008). Today and Tomorrow Volume 16 War and Politics: Callinicus: A Defence of Chemical Warfare Paris or the Future of War Janus or the Conquest of War Sinon or the Future of Politics Typhoeus or the Future of Socialism. Routledge.
    A Defence of Chemical Warfare J B S Haldane Originally published in 1925 "Mr Haldane’s brilliant study." Times Leading Article "A book to be read by every intelligent adult." Spectator. This volume discusses the use of chemical weapons during the Second World War from the scientific viewpoint of the eminent bio-chemist, J B S Haldane and attempts to predict their use in conflicts of the future. 84pp Paris or the Future of War B H Liddell Hart Originally published in 1925. (...)
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