Search results for 'Wasserman David' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  10
    Anita Silvers, David Wasserman, Mary B. Mahowald & Lawrence C. Becker (1999). Disability, Difference, Discrimination: Perspectives on Justice in Bioethics and Public Policy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    How should we respond to individuals with disabilities? What does it mean to be disabled? Over fifty million Americans, from neonates to the fragile elderly, are disabled. Some people say they have the right to full social participation, while others repudiate such claims as delusive or dangerous. In this compelling book, three experts in ethics, medicine, and the law address pressing disability questions in bioethics and public policy. Anita Silvers, David Wasserman, and Mary B. Mahowald test important theories (...)
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  2. David Wasserman (2008). Performance-Enhancing Technologies and the Values of Athletic Competition. Philosophy and Public Policy Quarterly 28 (3/4):22-27.
    What would be objectionable about sports doping if it were safe and legal? Some ethicists have justified their qualms about doping by invoking elusive distinctions between the natural and the artificial. But the harm in doping and other biotechnological enhancements is best understood in terms of the values of athletic competition—specifically, the spectators' identification with the performers, and the continuity and comparability of athletic achievement over time. Instead of endorsing categorical bans on specific enhancements, David Wasserman recommends caution (...)
     
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  3. David Benatar & David Wasserman (2015). Debating Procreation: Is It Wrong to Reproduce? Oxford University Press Usa.
    While procreation is ubiquitous, attention to the ethical issues involved in creating children is relatively rare. In Debating Procreation, David Benatar and David Wasserman take opposing views on this important question. David Benatar argues for the anti-natalist view that it is always wrong to bring new people into existence. He argues that coming into existence is always a serious harm and that even if it were not always so, the risk of serious harm is sufficiently great (...)
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  4. David Benatar & David Wasserman (2015). Debating Procreation: Is It Wrong to Reproduce? Oxford University Press Usa.
    While procreation is ubiquitous, attention to the ethical issues involved in creating children is relatively rare. In Debating Procreation, David Benatar and David Wasserman take opposing views on this important question. David Benatar argues for the anti-natalist view that it is always wrong to bring new people into existence. He argues that coming into existence is always a serious harm and that even if it were not always so, the risk of serious harm is sufficiently great (...)
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  5. David Wasserman & Adrienne Asch (2015). Disability and the Good Human Life.
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  6. David T. Wasserman (2009). Harms to Future People and Procreative Intentions. In David Wasserman & Melinda Roberts (eds.), Harming Future Persons. Springer 265--285.
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  7.  17
    Sean Aas & David Wasserman (forthcoming). Natural and Social Inequality. Brill.
    _ Source: _Page Count 26 This paper examines the moral import of a distinction between natural and social inequalities. Following Thomas Nagel, it argues for a “denatured” distinction that relies less on the biological vs. social causation of inequalities than on the idea that society is morally responsible for some inequalities but not others. It maintains that securing fair equality of opportunity by eliminating such social inequalities has particularly high priority in distributive justice. Departing from Nagel, it argues that society (...)
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  8.  25
    David T. Wasserman & Alan Strudler (2003). Can a Nonconsequentialist Count Lives? Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (1):71–94.
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  9. Harold W. Baillie, William A. Galston, Sara Goering, Deborah Hellman, Mark Sagoff, Paul B. Thompson, Robert Wachbroit, David T. Wasserman & Richard M. Zaner (2003). Genetic Prospects: Essays on Biotechnology, Ethics, and Public Policy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The essays in this volume apply philosophical analysis to address three kinds of questions: What are the implications of genetic science for our understanding of nature? What might it influence in our conception of human nature? What challenges does genetic science pose for specific issues of private conduct or public policy?
     
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  10. Luis A. Camacho, Colin Campbell, David A. Crocker, Eleonora Curlo, Herman E. Daly, Eliezer Diamond, Robert Goodland, Allen L. Hammond, Nathan Keyfitz, Robert E. Lane, Judith Lichtenberg, David Luban, James A. Nash, Martha C. Nussbaum, ThomasW Pogge, Mark Sagoff, Juliet B. Schor, Michael Schudson, Jerome M. Segal, Amartya Sen, Alan Strudler, Paul L. Wachtel, Paul E. Waggoner, David Wasserman & Charles K. Wilber (1997). Ethics of Consumption: The Good Life, Justice, and Global Stewardship. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this comprehensive collection of essays, most of which appear for the first time, eminent scholars from many disciplines—philosophy, economics, sociology, political science, demography, theology, history, and social psychology—examine the causes, nature, and consequences of present-day consumption patterns in the United States and throughout the world.
     
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  11.  4
    David Wasserman & Sean Aas (forthcoming). Natural and Social Inequality. Journal of Moral Philosophy.
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  12.  7
    David Wasserman & Alan Wertheimer (2014). In Defense of Bunkering. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (9):42-43.
  13.  67
    David Wasserman (2005). The Nonidentity Problem, Disability, and the Role Morality of Prospective Parents. Ethics 116 (1):132-152.
  14. David Wasserman, Jerome Bickenbach & Robert Wachbroit (eds.) (2005). Quality of Life and Human Difference: Genetic Testing, Health Care, and Disability. Cambridge University Press.
    This study brings together two important literatures together in the one volume. One concerns the role of quality assessments in social policy, especially health policy. The second concerns ethical and social issues raised by prenatal testing for disability. Hitherto, these two literatures have had little contact with each other: few scholars have written about both, or have compared the two domains in a systematic way, while people with disabilities and disability scholars are underrepresented in recent discussion on health policy and (...)
     
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  15. Adrienne Asch & David Wasserman (2010). The 'Healthy' Embryo: Social, Biomedical, Legal and Philosophical Perspectives.
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  16.  39
    David Wasserman (1996). Let Them Eat Chances: Probability and Distributive Justice. Economics and Philosophy 12 (1):29.
    Jon Elster reports that in 1940, and again in 1970, the U.S. draft lottery was challenged for falling short of the legally mandated ‘random selection’. On both occasions, the physical mixing of the lots appeared to be incomplete, since the birth dates were clustered in a way that would have been extremely unlikely if the lots were fully mixed. There appears to have been no suspicion on either occasion that the deficiency in the mixing was intended, known, or believed to (...)
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  17. Michael Benatar, Leslie Cannold, Dena Davis, Merle Spriggs, Julian Savulescu, Heather Draper, Neil Evans, Richard Hull, Stephen Wilkinson, David Wasserman, Donna Dickenson, Guy Widdershoven, Françoise Baylis, Stephen Coleman, Rosemarie Tong, Hilde Lindemann, David Neil & Alex John London (2006). Cutting to the Core: Exploring the Ethics of Contested Surgeries. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    When the benefits of surgery do not outweigh the harms or where they do not clearly do so, surgical interventions become morally contested. Cutting to the Core examines a number of such surgeries, including infant male circumcision and cutting the genitals of female children, the separation of conjoined twins, surgical sex assignment of intersex children and the surgical re-assignment of transsexuals, limb and face transplantation, cosmetic surgery, and placebo surgery.
     
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  18.  21
    David Wasserman (2004). Is There Value in Identifying Individual Genetic Predispositions to Violence? Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 32 (1):24-33.
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  19. Philip Brey, Lee Caragata, James Dickinson, David Glidden, Sara Gottlieb, Bruce Hannon, Ian Howard, Jeff Malpas, Katya Mandoki, Jonathan Maskit, Bryan G. Norton, Roger Paden, David Roberts, Holmes Rolston Iii, Izhak Schnell, Jonathon M. Smith, David Wasserman & Mick Womersley (1998). Philosophy and Geography Iii: Philosophies of Place. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    A growing literature testifies to the persistence of place as an incorrigible aspect of human experience, identity, and morality. Place is a common ground for thought and action, a community of experienced particulars that avoids solipsism and universalism. It draws us into the philosophy of the ordinary, into familiarity as a form of knowledge, into the wisdom of proximity. Each of these essays offers a philosophy of place, and reminds us that such philosophies ultimately decide how we make, use, and (...)
     
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  20.  39
    Alec Walen & David Wasserman (2012). Agents, Impartiality, and the Priority of Claims Over Duties: Diagnosing Why Thomson Still Gets the Trolley Problem Wrong by Appeal to the “Mechanics of Claims”. [REVIEW] Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (4):545-571.
    Judith Jarvis Thomson recently argued that it is impermissible for a bystander to turn a runaway trolley from five onto one. But she also argues that a trolley driver is required to do just that. We believe that her argument is flawed in three important ways. She fails to give proper weight to (a) an agent¹s claims not to be required to act in ways he does not want to, (b) impartiality in the weighing of competing patient-claims, and (c) the (...)
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  21.  5
    Nien-Hê Hsieh, Alan Strudler & David Wasserman (2006). The Numbers Problem. Philosophy and Public Affairs 34 (4):352 - 372.
  22.  9
    David Wasserman (forthcoming). Disability and Justice. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  23. David Wasserman & Robert Wachbroit (eds.) (2012). Genetics and Criminal Behavior. Cambridge University Press.
    In this 2001 volume a group of leading philosophers address some of the basic conceptual, methodological and ethical issues raised by genetic research into criminal behavior. The essays explore the complexities of tracing any genetic influence on criminal, violent or antisocial behavior; the varieties of interpretations to which evidence of such influences is subject; and the relevance of such influences to the moral and legal appraisal of criminal conduct. The distinctive features of this collection are: first, that it advances public (...)
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  24. Alec D. Walen & David Wasserman, A Reply to Thomson on 'Turning the Trolley'; a Case Study Illustrating the Importance of a Hohfeldian Analysis of the 'Mechanics' of Rights.
    In her latest writing on the trolley problem, 'Turning the Trolley,' Judith Jarvis Thomson defends the following counter-intuitive position: if confronted with a choice of allowing a trolley to hit and kill five innocent people on the track straight ahead, or turning it onto one innocent person on a side-track, a bystander must allow it to hit the five straight ahead. In contrast, Thomson claims, the driver of the trolley has a duty to turn it from the five onto the (...)
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  25. David Wasserman & Alan Strudler (2003). Can a Nonconsequentialist Count Lives? Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (1):71-94.
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  26.  5
    Sean Aas & David Wasserman (forthcoming). Brain–Computer Interfaces and Disability: Extending Embodiment, Reducing Stigma? Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2015-102807.
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  27.  45
    David Wasserman (1987). Justifying Self-Defense. Philosophy and Public Affairs 16 (4):356-378.
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  28.  77
    S. Matthew Liao, Julian Savulescu & David Wasserman (2008). The Ethics of Enhancement. Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (3):159-161.
  29.  9
    Robert Wachbroit & David Wasserman (2005). Research Participation: Are We Subject to a Duty? American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):48 – 49.
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  30.  41
    Alan Strudler & David Wasserman (1995). The First Dogma of Deontology: The Doctrine of Doing and Allowing and the Notion of a Say. Philosophical Studies 80 (1):51 - 67.
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  31.  1
    David Wasserman & Robert Samuel Wachbroit (2002). [Book Review] Genetics and Criminal Behavior. [REVIEW] Ethics 113 (1):185-187.
    In this 2001 volume a group of leading philosophers address some of the basic conceptual, methodological and ethical issues raised by genetic research into criminal behavior. The essays explore the complexities of tracing any genetic influence on criminal, violent or antisocial behavior; the varieties of interpretations to which evidence of such influences is subject; and the relevance of such influences to the moral and legal appraisal of criminal conduct. The distinctive features of this collection are: first, that it advances public (...)
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  32.  6
    David Wasserman (2015). Disability, Diversity, and Preference for the Status Quo: Bias or Justifiable Preference? American Journal of Bioethics 15 (6):11-12.
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  33.  47
    David Wasserman (2008). Hare on de Dicto Betterness and Prospective Parents. Ethics 118 (3):529-535.
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  34.  92
    Alec D. Walen & David Wasserman, The Mechanics of Hohfeldian Rights, Featuring a Case Study of Judith Jarvis Thomson on the Trolley Problem.
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  35. David Wasserman & Melinda Roberts (eds.) (2009). Harming Future Persons. Springer.
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  36.  84
    Ryan Wasserman (2010). Teaching & Learning Guide For: The Problem of Change. Philosophy Compass 5 (3):283-286.
    Our world is a world of change. Children are born and grow into adults. Material possessions rust and decay with age and ultimately perish. Yet scepticism about change is as old as philosophy itself. Heraclitus, for example, argued that nothing could survive the replacement of parts, so that it is impossible to step into the same river twice. Zeno argued that motion is paradoxical, so that nothing can alter its location. Parmenides and his followers went even further, arguing that the (...)
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  37.  11
    David Wasserman (2005). What Qualifies as a Live Embryo? American Journal of Bioethics 5 (6):23 – 25.
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  38.  14
    David Wasserman & Adrienne Asch (2009). An Unjustified Exception to an Unjust Law? American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):63-65.
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  39.  19
    S. Matthew Liao, Julian Savulescu & David Wasserman (2008). The Ethics of Enhancement. Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (3):159-161.
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  40. David Wasserman & Adrienne Asch (2015). Understanding the Relationship Between Disability and Well-Being. In Disability and the Good Human Life. 139-67.
     
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  41.  29
    Nien-hê Hsieh, Alan Strudler & David Wasserman (2007). Pairwise Comparison and Numbers Skepticism. Utilitas 19 (4):487-504.
    In this article, we defend pairwise comparison as a method to resolve conflicting claims from different people that cannot be jointly satisfied because of a scarcity of resources. We consider Michael Otsuka's recent challenge that pairwise comparison leads to intransitive choices for the (someone who believes the numbers should not count in forced choices among lives) and Frances Kamm's responses to Otsuka's challenge. We argue that Kamm's responses do not succeed, but that the threat they are designed to meet is (...)
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  42.  12
    Adrienne Asch & David Wasserman (2007). A Response to Nelson and Mahowald. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (4):468.
    It is gratifying that thoughtful philosophers and bioethicists like Mahowald and Nelson are continuing to address the objections to prenatal testing that have been made by disability scholars and advocates. But it is frustrating to see those objections presented in ways that reflect the doubts of those who reject them more than the intentions of those who make them, in ways that make those objections appear censorious toward pregnant women and prospective parents or naïve about nonverbal expression. We recognize that (...)
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  43.  11
    S. Matthew Liao & David T. Wasserman (2007). Neuroethical Concerns About Moderating Traumatic Memories. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (9):38 – 40.
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  44.  31
    David Wasserman & Adrienne Asch (2012). Selecting for Disability: Acceptable Lives, Acceptable Reasons. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (8):30 - 31.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 8, Page 30-31, August 2012.
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  45.  6
    David Wasserman, Deborah S. Hellman & Robert Wachbroit (2006). Physicians as Researchers: Difficulties with the "Similarity Position". American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):57 – 59.
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  46.  26
    David Wasserman & Adrienne Asch (2012). A Duty to Discriminate? American Journal of Bioethics 12 (4):22-24.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 4, Page 22-24, April 2012.
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  47.  1
    Sean Aas & David Wasserman (forthcoming). Natural and Social Inequality. New Content is Available for Journal of Moral Philosophy.
    _ Source: _Page Count 26 This paper examines the moral import of a distinction between natural and social inequalities. Following Thomas Nagel, it argues for a “denatured” distinction that relies less on the biological vs. social causation of inequalities than on the idea that society is morally responsible for some inequalities but not others. It maintains that securing fair equality of opportunity by eliminating such social inequalities has particularly high priority in distributive justice. Departing from Nagel, it argues that society (...)
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  48.  41
    Adrienne Asch, Jeffrey Blustein & David T. Wasserman (2008). Criticizing and Reforming Segregated Facilities for Persons with Disabilities. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (2/3):157-168.
    In this paper, we critically appraise institutions for people with disabilities, from residential facilities to outpatient clinics to social organizations. While recognizing that a just and inclusive society would reject virtually all segregated institutional arrangements, we argue that in contemporary American society, some people with disabilities may have needs that at this time can best be met by institutional arrangements. We propose ways of reforming institutions to make them less isolating, coercive, and stigmatizing, and to provide forms of social support (...)
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  49.  9
    David Wasserman (2011). Is Racial Profiling More Benign in Medicine Than Law Enforcement? Journal of Ethics 15 (1/2):119 - 129.
    It might seem that racial profiling by doctors raised few of the same concerns as racial profiling by police, immigration, or airport security. This paper argues that the similarities are greater than first appear. The inappropriate use of racial generalizations by doctors may be as harmful and insulting as their use by law enforcement officials. Indeed, the former may be more problematic in compromising an ideal of individualized treatment that is more applicable to doctors than to police. Yet doctors, unlike (...)
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  50.  20
    David Wasserman (forthcoming). Cognitive Disability and Moral Status. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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