Search results for 'Water' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  7
    Neelke Doorn (2016). Governance Experiments in Water Management: From Interests to Building Blocks. Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (3):755-774.
    The management of water is a topic of great concern. Inadequate management may lead to water scarcity and ecological destruction, but also to an increase of catastrophic floods. With climate change, both water scarcity and the risk of flooding are likely to increase even further in the coming decades. This makes water management currently a highly dynamic field, in which experiments are made with new forms of policy making. In the current paper, a case study is (...)
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  2.  8
    Benjamin Mason Meier, Jocelyn Getgen Kestenbaum, Georgia Kayser, Urooj Amjad & Jamie Bartram (2014). Translating the Human Right to Water and Sanitation Into Public Policy Reform. Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (4):1-16.
    The development of a human right to water and sanitation under international law has created an imperative to implement human rights in water and sanitation policy. Through forty-three interviews with informants in international institutions, national governments, and non-governmental organizations, this research examines interpretations of this new human right in global governance, national policy, and local practice. Exploring obstacles to the implementation of rights-based water and sanitation policy, the authors analyze the limitations of translating international human rights into (...)
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  3.  11
    Ralph P. Hall, Barbara Van Koppen & Emily Van Houweling (2014). The Human Right to Water: The Importance of Domestic and Productive Water Rights. Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (4):849-868.
    The United Nations (UN) Universal Declaration of Human Rights engenders important state commitments to respect, fulfill, and protect a broad range of socio-economic rights. In 2010, a milestone was reached when the UN General Assembly recognized the human right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation. However, water plays an important role in realizing other human rights such as the right to food and livelihoods, and in realizing the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination (...)
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  4. Ruth Meinzen-Dick & Margreet Zwarteveen (1998). Gendered Participation in Water Management: Issues and Illustrations From Water Users' Associations in South Asia. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 15 (4):337-345.
    The widespread trend to transferirrigation management responsibility from the stateto “communities” or local user groups has byand large ignored the implications ofintra-community power differences for theeffectiveness and equity of water management. Genderis a recurrent source of such differences. Despitethe rhetoric on women‘s participation, a review ofevidence from South Asia shows that femaleparticipation is minimal in water users‘organizations. One reason for this is that theformal and informal membership criteria excludewomen. Moreover, the balance between costs andbenefits of participation is often (...)
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  5.  9
    Jean McGuire, Lois Wright Morton & Alicia D. Cast (2013). Reconstructing the Good Farmer Identity: Shifts in Farmer Identities and Farm Management Practices to Improve Water Quality. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 30 (1):57-69.
    All farmers have their own version of what it means to be a good farmer. For many US farmers a large portion of their identity is defined by the high input, high output production systems they manage to produce food, fiber or fuel. However, the unintended consequences of highly productivist systems are often increased soil erosion and the pollution of ground and surface water. A large number of farmers have conservationist identities within their good farmer identity, however their conservation (...)
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  6.  5
    Margaret Satterthwaite (2014). On Rights-Based Partnerships to Measure Progress in Water and Sanitation. Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (4):877-884.
    The right to water and sanitation has emerged from the penumbra of associated rights in the past few decades and now plays an important role in international debates. This right has emerged “from below”, through the efforts of social movements seeking transformation in the lives of the world’s poor, and it has been recognized “from above”, with major international actors such as the United Nations, international financial institutions, and even large corporate actors affirming its existence. As the obligations and (...)
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  7.  13
    Francis Beauvais (2014). “Memory of Water” Without Water: The Logic of Disputed Experiments. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 24 (2):275-290.
    The “memory of water” was a major international controversy that remains unresolved. Taken seriously or not, this hypothesis leads to logical contradictions in both cases. Indeed, if this hypothesis is held as wrong, then we have to explain how a physiological signal emerged from the background and we have to elucidate a bulk of coherent results. If this hypothesis is held as true, we must explain why these experiments were difficult to reproduce by other teams and why some blind (...)
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  8.  5
    Lois Wright Morton & Chih Yuan Weng (2009). Getting to Better Water Quality Outcomes: The Promise and Challenge of the Citizen Effect. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 26 (1-2):83-94.
    Agriculture is a major cause of non-point source water pollution in the Midwest. Excessive nitrate, phosphorous, and sediment levels degrade the Mississippi River and Gulf of Mexico. In this research we ask, to what extent can citizen involvement help solve the problem of non-point source pollution. Does connecting farmers to farmers and to other community members make a difference in moving beyond the status quo? To answer these questions we examine the satisfaction level of Iowa farmers and landowners with (...)
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  9.  3
    Stephen P. Gasteyer (2008). Agricultural Transitions in the Context of Growing Environmental Pressure Over Water. Agriculture and Human Values 25 (4):469-486.
    Conventional agriculture, while nested in nature, has expanded production at the expense of water in the Midwest and through the diversion of water resources in the western United States. With the growth of population pressure and concern about water quality and quantity, demands are growing to alter the relationship of agriculture to water in both these locations. To illuminate the process of change in this relationship, the author builds on Buttel’s (Research in Rural Sociology and Development (...)
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  10.  5
    Emine Görgül (2015). Augmented Spatial Mediators of Late 20th Century and Their Impact on the Realization Process of the Smooth Space in Architectural Discourse: Fresh Water Expo Pavilion Case. Estudios de Filosofía 13:155-172.
    With the rising influence of digitalization and its immense penetration intoeven everyday life, the last decade of the 20th Century addressed to a critical threshold in the successive transformation process of the spatiality in its long-term run. The advanced digital technologies of ubiquitous computing and generative design, as well as the invention of smart materials in late 90’s have all provoked the fluid characteristics of spatiality, and strengthen the transformative capacities of the architectural space through the emergence of computer-augmented territories. (...)
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  11.  15
    Stephanie Stray (2008). Environmental Reporting: The U.K. Water and Energy Industries: A Research Note. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 80 (4):697 - 710.
    Last year the Department of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) released a new set of revised guidelines upon environmental reporting practices for U.K companies. Two industrial sectors were selected – the Water industry and the Energy industry – and the most recent Environmental Reports produced by companies in these sectors were subjected to content analysis where the coding framework was heavily based on the DEFRA guidelines. Results are reported for the two industries separately and the two industries (...)
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  12.  6
    Barbara van Koppen (1998). Water Rights, Gender, and Poverty Alleviation. Inclusion and Exclusion of Women and Men Smallholders in Public Irrigation Infrastructure Development. Agriculture and Human Values 15 (4):361-374.
    Governmental and non-governmentalagencies worldwide have devoted considerablefinancial, technical, and organizational efforts toconstruct or rehabilitate irrigation infrastructure inthe last three decades. Although rural povertyalleviation was often one of their aims, evidenceshows that rights to irrigated land and water wererarely vested in poor men, and even less in poorwomen. In spite of the strong role of irrigationagencies in vesting rights to irrigated land and waterin some people and not in others, the importance ofagencies‘ targeting practices is still ignored.This article disentangles how (...)
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  13.  11
    Dik Roth & Jeroen Warner (2008). Virtual Water: Virtuous Impact? The Unsteady State of Virtual Water. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 25 (2):257-270.
    “Virtual water,” water needed for crop production, is now being mainstreamed in the water policy world. Relying on virtual water in the form of food imports is increasingly recommended as good policy for water-scarce areas. Virtual water globalizes discussions on water scarcity, ecological sustainability, food security and consumption. Presently the concept is creating much noise in the water and food policy world, which contributes to its politicization. We will argue that the virtual (...)
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  14.  19
    Shavkat Kasymov (2012). Disputes Over Water Resources: A History of Conflict and Cooperation in Drainage Basins. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 22 (1):19-42.
    This essay presents the analysis of conflict history over freshwater in several drainage basins across the planet. As will be demonstrated in this essay, unilateral water policies have proved to reduce the role and prospect of water treaties and international water sharing regimes, and led to political tensions and conflicts. Using the case studies of conflict history in the Aral Sea Basin, the Jordan River Basin, the Ganges-Brahmaputra River system and the Tigris-Euphrates River Basin, the author assesses (...)
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  15.  13
    Renzo Taddei (2011). Watered-Down Democratization: Modernization Versus Social Participation in Water Management in Northeast Brazil. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 28 (1):109-121.
    This article examines social participation in water management in the Jaguaribe Valley, state of Ceará, Northeast Brazil. It argues that participatory approaches are heavily influenced by the general ideological and symbolic contexts in which they occur, that is, by how participants understand (or misunderstand) what is taking place, and associate specific meanings to things and events. An analysis of these symbolic factors at work sheds light on the potentialities of and limitations on participatory experiences not accounted for in usual (...)
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  16.  40
    Richard C. Foltz (2002). Iran's Water Crisis: Cultural, Political, and Ethical Dimensions. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (4):357-380.
    By the summer of 2001, most of Iranhad been suffering a three-year drought, theworst in recent history. Water rationing was inplace in Tehran and other cities, and largeproportions of the country's crops andlivestock were perishing. Yet many academicsand other experts in Iran insist that the watercrisis is only partly drought-related, andclaim that mismanagement of water resources isthe more significant cause. Underlying thisdiscussion is a complex of overlapping yetoften conflicting ethical systems – Iranian,Islamic, and modernist/industrialist – whichare available to (...)
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  17.  8
    Mehdi F. Harandi, Mahdi G. Nia & Marc J. De Vries (2015). Water Management: Sacrificing Normative Practice Subverting the Traditions of Water Apportionment—‘Whose Justice? Which Rationality?’. Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (5):1241-1269.
    Since current water governance patterns mandate cooperation and partnership within and between the actors in the hydrosystems, supplementary models are necessary to distinguish the roles and the rules of indoor actions which is why we extend a theory in the frameworks of philosophy of technology. This analysis is empirically grounded on the problematic hydrosystems of a river in central Iran, Zayandehrud. Following a modernist-holistic-based analysis, it illustrates how values in the water apportionment mechanisms are being reshaped. The article (...)
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  18.  9
    Dirk Zoebl (2002). Crop Water Requirements Revisited: The Human Dimensions of Irrigation Science and Crop Water Management with Special Reference to the FAO Approach. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 19 (3):173-187.
    Halfway through the 20thcentury, a curious shift took place in theconcept and definition of the agronomic term“crop water requirements.” Where these cropneeds were originally seen as the amount ofwater required for obtaining a certain yieldlevel, in the second half of the 20thcentury, the term came to mean the water neededto reach the potential or maximum yield in acertain season and locality. Some of themultiple academic, economic, social, andgeopolitical aspects of this conceptual shiftare addressed here. The crucial role of (...)
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  19.  11
    Haico te Kulve, Kornelia Konrad, Carla Alvial Palavicino & Bart Walhout (2013). Context Matters: Promises and Concerns Regarding Nanotechnologies for Water and Food Applications. [REVIEW] NanoEthics 7 (1):17-27.
    Expectations in the form of promises and concerns contribute to the sense-making and valuation of emerging nanotechnologies. They add up to what we call ‘de facto assessments’ of novel socio-technical options. We explore how de facto assessments of nanotechnologies differ in the application domains of water and food by examining promises and concerns, and their relations in scientific discourse. We suggest that domain characteristics such as prior experiences with emerging technologies, specific discursive repertoires and user-producer relationships, play a key (...)
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  20.  7
    Ruth Meinzen-Dick & Margaretha Bakker (1999). Irrigation Systems as Multiple-Use Commons: Water Use in Kirindi Oya, Sri Lanka. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 16 (3):281-293.
    Irrigation systems are recognized as common pool resources supplying water for agricultural production, but their role in supplying water for other uses is often overlooked. The importance of non-agricultural uses of irrigation water in livelihood strategies has implications for irrigation management and water rights, especially as increasing scarcity challenges existing water allocation mechanisms. This paper examines the multiple uses of water in the Kirindi Oya irrigation system in Sri Lanka, who the users are, and (...)
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  21.  6
    Bhawana Upadhyay (2005). Gendered Livelihoods and Multiple Water Use in North Gujarat. Agriculture and Human Values 22 (4):411-420.
    A variety of water-based livelihood activities undertaken by women and men in the villages of North Gujarat are under threat due to the unavailability of adequate water. Excessive groundwater withdrawal and limited recharge have led to shrinking water tables. With shrinking supply and growing sectoral demand, the competition for access to water is growing and women, who command less political and social power in the patriarchal communities of South Asia, often find themselves marginalized. Women are basically (...)
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  22.  71
    Andreas Malm (2013). The Origins of Fossil Capital: From Water to Steam in the British Cotton Industry. Historical Materialism 21 (1):15-68.
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  23. Lena Partzsch (2007). Global Governance in Partnerschaft: Die Eu-Initiative "Water for Life". Nomos.
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  24.  31
    Piers J. Hale (2013). Monkeys Into Men and Men Into Monkeys: Chance and Contingency in the Evolution of Man, Mind and Morals in Charles Kingsley's Water Babies. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 46 (4):551-597.
    The nineteenth century theologian, author and poet Charles Kingsley was a notable populariser of Darwinian evolution. He championed Darwin’s cause and that of honesty in science for more than a decade from 1859 to 1871. Kingsley’s interpretation of evolution shaped his theology, his politics and his views on race. The relationship between men and apes set the context for Kingsley’s consideration of these issues. Having defended Darwin for a decade in 1871 Kingsley was dismayed to read Darwin’s account of the (...)
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  25.  8
    Margreet Zwarteveen & Ruth Meinzen-Dick (2001). Gender and Property Rights in the Commons: Examples of Water Rights in South Asia. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 18 (1):11-25.
    In many countries and resource sectors, the state is devolving responsibility for natural resource management responsibility to ``communities'' or local user groups. However, both policymakers and researchers in this area have tended to ignore the implications of gender and other forms of intra-community power differences for the effectiveness and equity of natural resource management. In the irrigation sector, despite the rhetoric on women's participation, a review of evidence from South Asia shows that organizations often exclude women through formal or informal (...)
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  26.  4
    Eugenio Fiorentino, Domenica Matranga, Gianni Pantuso, Daniela Cabibi, Sebastiano Bonventre & Filippo Barbiera (2010). Accuracy of the Water‐Siphon Test Associated to Barium Study in a High Prevalence Gastro‐Oesophageal Reflux Disease Population: A Novel Statistical Approach. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (3):550-555.
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  27.  11
    Ariel Dinar, Aharon Ratner & Dan Yaron (1992). Evaluating Cooperative Game Theory in Water Resources. Theory and Decision 32 (1):1-20.
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  28.  23
    Geoffrey W. Dennis (2008). The Use of Water as a Medium for Altered States of Consciousness in Early Jewish Mysticism: A Cross-Disciplinary Analysis. Anthropology of Consciousness 19 (1):84-106.
    This article combines the disciplines of textual/linguistic analysis, anthropology, and perceptual psychology to examine selected ancient Jewish mystical texts that claim to describe the praxis for ascents into heaven and encounters with angelic spirits in order to reconstruct the psychosocial context of these literary works. Specifically, the article examines Hekhalot or "Divine Palaces" texts that deal with hydromancy, giving attention to their mythic–symbolic assumptions, their described preparatory and triggering rituals, and their accounts of the ASC (altered states of consciousness) visions (...)
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  29.  4
    William H. Bruvold & William R. Gaffey (1965). Subjective Intensity of Mineral Taste in Water. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (4):369.
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  30.  1
    Ronald Ley (1965). Effects of Food and Water Deprivation on the Performance of Response Motivated by Acquired Fear. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (6):583.
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  31.  1
    Edward L. Walker, Margaret C. Knotter & Russell L. Devalois (1950). Drive Specificity and Learning: The Acquisition of a Spatial Response to Food Under Conditions of Water Deprivation and Food Satiation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (2):161.
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  32.  2
    T. N. Tombaugh & J. L. McCloskey (1972). Effects of Variations in Volume of Sucrose and Water on Persistence of Nonreinforced Performance in the White Rat. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (2):155.
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  33.  2
    Abram Amsel & Keith F. Cole (1953). Generalization of Fear-Motivated Interference with Water Intake. Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (4):243.
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  34.  2
    A. W. Bendig (1952). Latent Learning in a Water Maze. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (2):134.
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  35.  1
    E. R. Hack (1933). Learning as a Function of Water Temperature. Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (3):442.
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  36.  1
    William H. Bruvold (1970). Rated Acceptability of Mineral Taste in Water: III. Contrast and Position Effects in Quality Scale Ratings. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (2):258.
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  37.  1
    Eva Pagano, Barbara De Rota, Alberto Ferrando, Michele Petrinco, Franco Merletti & Dario Gregori (2010). An Economic Evaluation of Water Birth: The Cost‐Effectiveness of Mother Well‐Being. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (5):916-919.
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  38. Barbara Goodwin (1995). Perceptions of Moral Responsibility and Ethical Questions a Study of a Water Company. Henley Management College.
     
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  39. Gary D. Hampe (1974). Water-Related Aesthetic Preferences of Wyoming Residents. University of Wyoming, Water Resources Research Institute.
     
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  40. S. Waqar Ahmed Husaini (1996). Islamic Thought in Development of Water Resources and Energy. Institute for Islamic Sciences, Technology, and Development.
  41. Koen Olthuis (2010). Float!: Building on Water to Combat Urban Congestion and Climate Change. Frame.
     
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  42. Benedetto A. [from old catalog] Soldano (1960). The Structure of Science and a Drop of Water. [N.P..
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  43.  55
    Maxime Lambrecht (2015). On Water Drinkers and Magical Springs: Challenging the Lockean Proviso as a Justification for Copyright. Ratio Juris 28 (4):504-520.
    Does intellectual property satisfy the requirements of the Lockean proviso, that the appropriator leave “enough and as good” or that he at least not “deprive others”? If an author's appropriation of a work he has just created is analogous to a drinker “taking a good draught” in the flow of an inexhaustible river, or to someone magically “causing springs of water to flow in the desert,” how could it not satisfy the Lockean proviso?
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  44. Alexander Bird (2001). Necessarily, Salt Dissolves in Water. Analysis 61 (4):267–274.
    In this paper I aim to show that a certain law of nature, namely that common salt (sodium chloride) dissolves in water, is metaphysically necessary. The importance of this result is that it conflicts with a widely shared intuition that the laws of nature (most if not all) are contingent. There have been debates over whether some laws, such as Newton’s second law, might be definitional of their key terms and hence necessary. But the law that salt dissolves in (...)
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  45.  31
    Brian Harvey & Anja Schaefer (2001). Managing Relationships with Environmental Stakeholders: A Study of U.K. Water and Electricity Utilities. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 30 (3):243 - 260.
    In this paper we report a study of the approach of six U.K. water and electricity companies towards managing the relationship with their ''green'' stakeholders. Stakeholders are accorded increasing importance in political discourse and stakeholder theory is emerging as a promising framework for the analysis of corporate social performance.We studied the companies'' general approach towards green stakeholders, their dealings with specific stakeholder groups and whether they emphasised the consultation or the information aspect of stakeholder management. We found that none (...)
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  46. Max Seeger, The Reductive Explanation of Boiling Water in Levine's Explanatory Gap Argument.
    This paper examines a paradigm case of allegedly successful reductive explanation, viz. the explanation of the fact that water boils at 100°C based on facts about H2O. The case figures prominently in Joseph Levine’s explanatory gap argument against physicalism. The paper studies the way the argument evolved in the writings of Levine, focusing especially on the question how the reductive explanation of boiling water figures in the argument. It will turn out that there are two versions of the (...)
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  47.  53
    Matt Leonard (2014). Locating Gunky Water and Wine. Ratio 27 (3):306-315.
    Can material objects be weakly located at regions of spacetime and yet fail to be exactly located anywhere? In this paper, I discuss a case which, at least according to one interpretation, answers affirmatively: the case of blending gunky water and wine, in gunky space. Perhaps after such a blend, the water and wine aren't exactly located anywhere while being weakly located at the location of the blend and any region which overlaps it. I show that the case (...)
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  48.  68
    Jacqueline Anne Sullivan (2010). Reconsidering 'Spatial Memory' and the Morris Water Maze. Synthese 177 (2):261-283.
    The Morris water maze has been put forward in the philosophy of neuroscience as an example of an experimental arrangement that may be used to delineate the cognitive faculty of spatial memory (e.g., Craver and Darden, Theory and method in the neurosciences, University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, 2001; Craver, Explaining the brain: Mechanisms and the mosaic unity of neuroscience, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2007). However, in the experimental and review literature on the water maze throughout the history of (...)
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  49.  5
    Nicholaos Jones (forthcoming). Correlative Reasoning About Water in Mengzi 6A2. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy (2):1-15.
    Mengzi 孟子 6A2 contains the famous water analogy for the innate goodness of human nature. Some evaluate Mengzi’s reasoning as strong and sophisticated; others, as weak or sophistical. I urge for more nuance in our evaluation. Mengzi’s reasoning fares poorly when judged by contemporary standards of analogical strength. However, if we evaluate the analogy as an instance of correlative thinking within a yin-yang 陰陽 cosmology, his reasoning fares well. That cosmology provides good reason to assert that water tends (...)
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  50.  14
    Paul Needham (2008). Is Water a Mixure Bridging the Distinction Between Physical and Chemical Properties. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (1):66-77.
    Two inter-linked theses are defended in this paper. One is the Duhemian theme that a rigid distinction between physical and chemical properties cannot be upheld. Duhem maintained this view not because the latter are reducible to the former, but because if physics is to remain consistent with chemistry it must prove possible to expand it to accommodate new features, and a rigid distinction would be a barrier to this process. The second theme is that naturally occurring isotopic variants of (...) are in fact distinct substances, and naturally occurring samples of water are mixtures of these substances. For most practical purposes it is convenient to treat protium oxide, deuterium oxide, and so on, as the same chemical substance, but to insist on this as a matter of principle would stand in conflict with the first thesis.Keywords: Water; Isotopes; Pierre Duhem; Physical property; Chemical property. (shrink)
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