Search results for 'Wayne Brekhus' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Wayne Brekhus (1998). A Sociology of the Unmarked: Redirecting Our Focus. Sociological Theory 16 (1):34-51.score: 240.0
    This article suggests that American sociology has developed a de facto tradition in the sociology of the marked that devotes greater epistemological attention to "politically salient" and "ontologically uncommon" features of social life. Although the "unmarked" comprises the vast majority of social life, the "marked" commands a disproportionate share of attention from sociologists. Since the marked already draws more attention within the general culture, social scientists contribute to re-marking and the reproduction of common-sense images of social reality. This has important (...)
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  2. Andrew Wayne & Michal Arciszewski (2009). Emergence in Physics. Philosophy Compass 4 (5):846-858.score: 30.0
    This paper begins by tracing interest in emergence in physics to the work of condensed matter physicist Philip Anderson. It provides a selective introduction to contemporary philosophical approaches to emergence. It surveys two exciting areas of current work that give good reason to re-evaluate our views about emergence in physics. One area focuses on physical systems wherein fundamental theories appear to break down. The other area is the quantum-to-classical transition, where some have claimed that a complete explanation of the behaviors (...)
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  3. Andrew Wayne, Emergence, Singular Limits and Basal Explanation.score: 30.0
    Recent work on emergence in physics has focused on the presence of singular limit relations between basal and upper-level theories as a criterion for emergence. However, over-emphasis on the role of singular limit relations has somewhat obscured what it means to say that a property or behaviour is emergent. This paper argues that singular limits are not central to emergence and develops an alternative account of emergence in terms of the failure of basal explainability. As a consequence, emergence and reduction, (...)
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  4. Riggs Wayne (2009). Two Problems of Easy Credit. Synthese 169:201 - 216.score: 30.0
    In this paper I defend the theory that knowledge is credit-worthy true belief against a family of objections, one of which was leveled against it in a recent paper by Jennifer Lackey. In that paper, Lackey argues that testimonial knowledge is problematic for the credit-worthiness theory because when person A comes to know that p by way of the testimony of person B, it would appear that any credit due to A for coming to believe truly that p belongs to (...)
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  5. Andrew Wayne (1997). Tim Maudlin,Quantum Non-Locality and Relativity: Metaphysical inTimations of Modern Physics(Aristotelian Society Series, Volume 13), Oxford UK & Cambridge USA: Blackwell, 1994, 255 + XI Pp. [REVIEW] Noûs 31 (4):557–568.score: 30.0
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  6. Bruce Glymour, Marcelo Sabatés & Andrew Wayne (2001). Quantum Java: The Upwards Percolation of Quantum Indeterminacy. Philosophical Studies 103 (3):271 - 283.score: 30.0
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  7. Andrew Wayne (1997). Degrees of Freedom and the Interpretation of Quantum Field Theory. Erkenntnis 46 (2):165-173.score: 30.0
    Nick Huggett and Robert Weingard (1994) have recently proposed a novel approach to interpreting field theories in physics, one which makes central use of the fact that a field generally has an infinite number of degrees of freedom in any finite region of space it occupies. Their characterization, they argue, (i) reproduces our intuitive categorizations of fields in the classical domain and thereby (ii) provides a basis for arguing that the quantum field is a field. Furthermore, (iii) it accomplishes these (...)
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  8. Andrew Wayne (1996). Book Review:Quantum Mechanics: Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Hegemony James T. Cushing. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 63 (3):478-.score: 30.0
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  9. Andrew Wayne (2011). Expanding the Scope of Explanatory Idealization. Philosophy of Science 78 (5):830-841.score: 30.0
    Many explanations in physics rely on idealized models of physical systems. These explanations fail to satisfy the conditions of standard normative accounts of explanation. Recently, some philosophers have claimed that idealizations can be used to underwrite explanation nonetheless, but only when they are what have variously been called representational, Galilean, controllable or harmless idealizations. This paper argues that such a half-measure is untenable and that idealizations not of this sort can have explanatory capacities.
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  10. F. Stanford Wayne (1989). An Instrument to Measure Adherence to the Protestant Ethic and Contemporary Work Values. Journal of Business Ethics 8 (10):793 - 804.score: 30.0
    The problem of the current research is to develop an instrument that accurately measures individuals' adherence or nonadherence to both Protestant Ethic and contemporary work values. The study confirms that the traditional Protestant Ethic work values and the contemporary work values are different and the instrument used to measure the work values that individuals actually support is valid and reliable. Two scales were developed based on Protestant Ethic work values and contemporary work values. A four-point Likert scale was used to (...)
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  11. Andrew Wayne, A Trope-Bundle Ontology for Field Theory.score: 30.0
    Field theories have been central to physics over the last 150 years, and there are several theories in contemporary physics in which physical fields play key causal and explanatory roles. This paper proposes a novel field trope-bundle (FTB) ontology on which fields are composed of bundles of particularized property instances, called tropes and goes on to describe some virtues of this ontology. It begins with a critical examination of the dominant view about the ontology of fields, that fields are properties (...)
     
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  12. Andrew Wayne (2012). Emergence and Singular Limits. Synthese 184 (3):341-356.score: 30.0
    Recent work by Robert Batterman and Alexander Rueger has brought attention to cases in physics in which governing laws at the base level “break down” and singular limit relations obtain between base- and upper-level theories. As a result, they claim, these are cases with emergent upper-level properties. This paper contends that this inference—from singular limits to explanatory failure, novelty or irreducibility, and then to emergence—is mistaken. The van der Pol nonlinear oscillator is used to show that there can be a (...)
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  13. Mike Wayne (2005). Fetishism and Ideology: A Reply to Dimoulis and Milios. Historical Materialism 13 (3):193-218.score: 30.0
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  14. Andrew Wayne, Explanatory Idealizations.score: 30.0
    A signal development in contemporary physics is the widespread use, in explanatory contexts, of highly idealized models. This paper argues that some highly idealized models in physics have genuine explanatory power, and it extends the explanatory role for such idealizations beyond the scope of previous philosophical work. It focuses on idealizations of nonlinear oscillator systems.
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  15. Andrew Wayne (1995). Bayesianism and Diverse Evidence. Philosophy of Science 62 (1):111-121.score: 30.0
    A common methodological adage holds that diverse evidence better confirms a hypothesis than does the same amount of similar evidence. Proponents of Bayesian approaches to scientific reasoning such as Horwich, Howson and Urbach, and Earman claim to offer both a precise rendering of this maxim in probabilistic terms and an explanation of why the maxim should be part of the methodological canon of good science. This paper contends that these claims are mistaken and that, at best, Bayesian accounts of diverse (...)
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  16. Mike Wayne (2002). A Violent Peace: Robert Guédiguian's La Ville Est Tranquille. Historical Materialism 10 (2):219-227.score: 30.0
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  17. Katherine Wayne (2013). Permissible Use and Interdependence: Against Principled Veganism. Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (2):160-175.score: 30.0
    Are animals not ours to use? According to proponents of veganism such as Gary Francione, any and all use of animals by humans is exploitative and wrong. It is wrong because animals have intrinsic worth and humans' use of animals fails to respect that worth. Contra Francione, I argue that that there are conditions under which it may be morally appropriate to collect, consume, sell, or otherwise use animal products. Francione is mistaken in his belief that assigning intrinsic worth to (...)
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  18. Andrew Wayne (2002). Critical Notice of Margaret Morrison Unifying Scientific Theories: Physical Concepts and Mathematical Structures. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):117-137.score: 30.0
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  19. Katherine Wayne & Kathleen Cranley Glass (2010). The Research Imperative Revisited Considerations for Advancing the Debate Surrounding Medical Research as Moral Imperative. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (3):373-387.score: 30.0
    The continuous pursuit and support of medical research on both a societal and individual level is frequently presupposed as laudable, or even obligatory. However, some critics have challenged the assumption that medical research ought to be conducted. These critics reject claims that there is a moral obligation to pursue research, and that medical research may always be justifiable given adequate safeguards and regulations. We align ourselves with critics of the research imperative to the extent that we believe that medical research (...)
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  20. Mike Wayne (2002). Utopianism and Film. Historical Materialism 10 (4):135-154.score: 30.0
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  21. Andrew Wayne (2000). Conceptual Foundations of Field Theories in Physics. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):522.score: 30.0
    This discussion provides a brief commentary on each of the papers presented in the symposium on the conceptual foundations of field theories in physics. In Section 2 I suggest an alternative to Paul Teller's (1999) reading of the gauge argument that may help to solve, or dissolve, its puzzling aspects. In Section 3 I contend that Sunny Auyang's (1999) arguments against substantivalism and for "objectivism" in the context of gauge field theories face serious worries. Finally, in Section 4 I claim (...)
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  22. Andrew Wayne (1995). Review. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (4):624-627.score: 30.0
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  23. Eileen Marie Wayne (1997). Correspondence. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (2-3):225-225.score: 30.0
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  24. Randy Wayne (2010). Giving the Amoebae Equal Time. Bioscience 60 (2):156-157.score: 30.0
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  25. H. Ludvigson, Caul Wayne, F. William, James H. Korn & James H. McHose (1964). Development and Attenuation of Delay-Engendering Avoidance Behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (5):405.score: 30.0
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  26. Karl J. Niklas, Thomas G. Owens & Randy O. Wayne (2013). Unity and Disunity in Biology. Bioscience 63 (10).score: 30.0
  27. Andrew Wayne (2000). Discussion: Concetpual Foundations of Field Theories in Physics. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):S516-S522.score: 30.0
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  28. Randy Wayne (2010). The Social Amoebae: The Biology of Cellular Slime Molds. Bioscience 60 (2):156-157.score: 30.0
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  29. Hans Sluga (2008). Wayne Martin on Judgment. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 137 (1):109 - 119.score: 24.0
    Wayne Martin’s Theories of Judgment marks a significant advance in the philosophical analysis of judgment. He understands that the domain of judgment is so large that it allows only a selective treatment. We can expand Martin’s insight by acknowledging that this domain is, in fact, hypercomplex and therefore unsurveyable in Wittgenstein’s sense. Martin’s treatment of judgments can, however, be extended in a number of directions. Of particular importance is it to understand the linguistic aspect of theoretical judgments, the challenges (...)
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  30. Wayne C. Myrvold (1996). Bayesianism and Diverse Evidence: A Reply to Andrew Wayne. Philosophy of Science 63 (4):661-665.score: 21.0
    Andrew Wayne (1995) discusses some recent attempts to account, within a Bayesian framework, for the "common methodological adage" that "diverse evidence better confirms a hypothesis than does the same amount of similar evidence" (112). One of the approaches considered by Wayne is that suggested by Howson and Urbach (1989/1993) and dubbed the "correlation approach" by Wayne. This approach is, indeed, incomplete, in that it neglects the role of the hypothesis under consideration in determining what diversity in a (...)
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  31. Fred Feldman, Happiness and Subjective Desire Satisfaction: Wayne Davis's Theory of Happiness.score: 18.0
    There is a lively debate about the descriptive concept of happiness. What do we mean when we say (using the word to express this descriptive concept) that a person is “happy”? One prominent answer is subjective local desire satisfactionism. On this view, to be happy at a time is to believe, with respect to the things that you want to be true at that time, that they are true. Wayne Davis developed and defended an interesting and sophisticated version of (...)
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  32. Donovan Miyasaki (2007). Against the Moral Appraisal of Art: Wayne Booth and the Case of Huck Finn. Philosophy and Literature 31 (1):125-32.score: 18.0
    In this essay, I argue that it is sometimes inappropriate to appeal to moral criteria in artistic judgments, even when the moral content of an artwork contributes to its artistic value. I suggest that this is the case with artworks that (1) are “interrogative” in form, posing a question or problem that remains unresolved in the work, and (2) have moral dilemmas as a principal theme. Using Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn as an example of morally interrogative artwork, (...)
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  33. Hans Sluga (2008). Review: Wayne Martin on Judgment. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 137 (1):109 - 119.score: 18.0
    Wayne Martin's Theories of Judgment marks a significant advance in the philosophical analysis of judgment. He understands that the domain of judgment is so large that it allows only a selective treatment. We can expand Martin's insight by acknowledging that this domain is, in fact, hypercomplex and therefore unsurveyable in Wittgenstein's sense. Martin's treatment of judgments can, however, be extended in a number of directions. Of particular importance is it to understand the linguistic aspect of theoretical (...)
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  34. Branden Fitelson (1996). Wayne, Horwich, and Evidential Diversity. Philosophy of Science 63 (4):652-660.score: 18.0
    Wayne (1995) critiques the Bayesian explication of the confirmational significance of evidential diversity (CSED) offered by Horwich (1982). Presently, I argue that Wayne’s reconstruction of Horwich’s account of CSED is uncharitable. As a result, Wayne’s criticisms ultimately present no real problem for Horwich. I try to provide a more faithful and charitable rendition of Horwich’s account of CSED. Unfortunately, even when Horwich’s approach is charitably reconstructed, it is still not completely satisfying.
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  35. Stephen S. Bush (2012). Concepts and Religious Experiences: Wayne Proudfoot on the Cultural Construction of Experiences. Religious Studies 48 (1):101 - 117.score: 18.0
    The constructivist position, that mystical experiences are determined by the experiencer's cultural context, is now more prevalent among scholars of religion than the perennialist position, which maintains that mystical experiences have a common core that is cross-culturally universal. In large part, this is due to the efforts of Wayne Proudfoot in his widely accepted book, Religious Experience.In this article, I identify some significant unresolved issues in Proudfoot's defence of constructivism. My aim is not to defend perennialism, but to specify (...)
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  36. Wayne Silby (1992). Interview: Wayne Silby. Business Ethics 6 (6):28-30.score: 18.0
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  37. Wayne Riggs, Understanding, Knowledge, and the Meno Requirement Wayne D. Riggs.score: 18.0
    Jonathan Kvanvig's book, The Value of Knowledge and the Pursuit of Understanding (Kvanvig, 2003), is a wonderful example of doing epistemology in a style that Kvanvig himself has termed "value−driven epistemology." On this approach, one takes questions about epistemic value to be central to theoretical concerns, including the concern to provide an adequate account of knowledge. This approach yields the demand that theories of knowledge must provide, not just an adequate account of the nature of knowledge, but also an account (...)
     
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  38. Wayne J. Urban (1995). Wayne's World Growing Up in Cleveland, Ohio, 1941-1963 (Book). Educational Studies 26 (4):301-320.score: 18.0
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  39. Nicholas Joll (2010). Theories of Judgment: Psychology, Logic, Phenomenology – Wayne M. Martin. Philosophical Quarterly 60 (240):658-660.score: 15.0
  40. R. Lanier Anderson (2008). Comments on Wayne Martin, Theories of Judgment. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 137 (1):91 - 108.score: 15.0
    Martin offers an intriguing account of nineteenth century challenges to the traditional theory of judgment as a synthesis of subject and predicate (the synthesis theory)--criticisms motivated largely by the problem posed by existential judgments, which need not have two terms at all. Such judgments led to a theory of "thetic" judgments, whose essential feature is to "posit" something, rather than to combine terms (as in synthetic judgment). I argue, however, that Kant's official definition of judgment already implicitly recognizes the importance (...)
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  41. Jennifer M. Saul (2001). Critical Studies: Wayne A. Davis, Implicature: Intention, Convention, and Principle in the Failure of Gricean Theory. Noûs 35 (4):630–641.score: 15.0
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  42. Günter Zöller (2008). Kant and the Problem of Existential Judgment: Critical Comments on Wayne Martin's Theories of Judgment. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 137 (1):121 - 134.score: 15.0
    The paper assesses Martin's recent logico-phenomenological account of judgment that is cast in the form of an eclectic history of judging, from Hume and Kant through the 19th century to Frege and Heidegger as well as current neuroscience. After a preliminary discussion of the complex unity and temporal modalities of judgment that draws on a reading of Titian's "Allegory of Prudence" (National Gallery, London), the remainder of the paper focuses on Martin's views on Kant's logic in general and his theory (...)
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  43. Roman Frigg, Review Kuhlmann, Lyre, and Wayne: Ontological Aspects of Quantum Field Theory.score: 15.0
    The essays in the first part, Approaches to Ontology, explore different philosophical frameworks in which the ontology of QFT could fruitfully be examined. Despite their differences, they all agree that traditional ontologies, in particular substance-attribute ontology, are unsuitable for QFT. Peter Simons begins by pointing out why substance-attribute ontology, applied set theory, fact ontology, occurrent ontologies, and trope theory are inadequate ontologies for QFT and then puts forward his own suggestion: factored ontology. The main idea of this ontology is to (...)
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  44. Roman Frigg (2005). Review of Meinard Kuhlmann, Holger Lyre, and Andrew Wayne (Eds.):" Ontological Aspects of Quantum Field Theory". [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 72:511-514.score: 15.0
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  45. D. Fraser (2004). Meinard Kuhlmann, Holger Lyre and Andrew Wayne, Editors, Ontological Aspects of Quantum Field Theory, World Scientific Publishing, London (2002) ISBN 981-238-182-1 (376 Pp., US $98, £ 73). [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 35 (4):721-723.score: 15.0
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  46. Marc Lange (2004). Bayesianism and Unification: A Reply to Wayne Myrvold. Philosophy of Science 71 (2):205-215.score: 15.0
    Myrvold (2003) has proposed an attractive Bayesian account of why theories that unify phenomena tend to derive greater epistemic support from those phenomena than do theories that fail to unify them. It is argued, however, that "unification" in Myrvold's sense is both too easy and too difficult for theories to achieve. Myrvold's account fails to capture what it is that makes unification sometimes count in a theory's favor.
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  47. Jennifer M. Saul (2001). Wayne A. Davis, Implicature: Intention, Convention, and Principle in the Failure of Gricean Theory. Noûs 35 (4):631-641.score: 15.0
  48. R. Lanier Anderson (2008). Review: Comments on Wayne Martin, Theories of Judgment. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 137 (1):91-108.score: 15.0
    Martin offers an intriguing account of nineteenth century challenges to the traditional theory of judgment as a synthesis of subject and predicate (the synthesis theory)--criticisms motivated largely by the problem posed by existential judgments, which need not have two terms at all. Such judgments led to a theory of "thetic" judgments, whose essential feature is to "posit" something, rather than to combine terms (as in synthetic judgment). I argue, however, that Kant's official definition of judgment already implicitly recognizes the importance (...)
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  49. P. G. Walsh (1970). Ralph Nash: Jacopo Sannazaro, Arcadia and Piscatorial Eclogues. Translated with an Introduction. Pp. 220. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1966. Cloth, $7.95. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 20 (02):247-.score: 15.0
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  50. Roman Frigg, Meinard Kuhlmann, Holger Lyre, and Andrew Wayne (Eds.), Ontological Aspects of Quantum Field Theory. Singapore: World Scientific (2002), 376 Pp., $98.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW]score: 15.0
    What does quantum field theory (QFT) tell us about the furniture of the world? Seventeen essays gathered in the four parts of Ontological Aspects of Quantum Field Theory address this question from different angles and with different objectives. Together, they form a wide-ranging and up-to-date volume that makes a valuable contribution to an ongoing discussion, which, due to the comprehensive introduction by the editors, can be of interest to experts and novices alike.
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