Search results for 'Wayne Myers' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Werner Menski, Carl Olson, William Cenkner, Anne E. Monius, Sarah Hodges, Jeffrey J. Kripal, Carol Salomon, Deepak Sarma, William Cenkner, John E. Cort, Peter A. Huff, Joseph A. Bracken, Larry D. Shinn, Jonathan S. Walters, Ellison Banks Findly, John Grimes, Loriliai Biernacki, David L. Gosling, Thomas Forsthoefel, Michael H. Fisher, Ian Barrow, Srimati Basu, Natalie Gummer, Pradip Bhattacharya, John Grimes, Heather T. Frazer, Elaine Craddock, Andrea Pinkney, Joseph Schaller, Michael W. Myers, Lise F. Vail, Wayne Howard, Bradley B. Burroughs, Shalva Weil, Joseph A. Bracken, Christopher W. Gowans, Dan Cozort, Katherine Janiec Jones, Carl Olson, M. D. McLean, A. Whitney Sanford, Sarah Lamb, Eliza F. Kent, Ashley Dawson, Amir Hussain, John Powers, Jennifer B. Saunders & Ramdas Lamb (2005). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 9 (1-3):153-228.score: 240.0
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  2. Wayne Myers & G. P. Patil (2006). Biodiversity in the Age of Ecological Indicators. Acta Biotheoretica 54 (2).score: 240.0
    The multifarious nature of biodiversity is considered in relation to difficulties of definite determination and managerial mandates for monitoring. At a micro scale there is some convergence with the concept of community, but the linkage is largely lost in the spectra of temporal scope, spatial scales, successional seres, and taxonomic trajectories. Practicality points to selecting suitable suites of indicators as surrogates for particular purposes. Domains of partial ordering on multiple indicators constitute comparable collectives, whereas different domains require recognition of special (...)
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  3. Wayne D. Gray, Michael J. Schoelles & Christopher W. Myers (2003). Meeting Newell's Other Challenge: Cognitive Architectures as the Basis for Cognitive Engineering. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (5):609-610.score: 240.0
    We use the Newell Test as a basis for evaluating ACT-R as an effective architecture for cognitive engineering. Of the 12 functional criteria discussed by Anderson & Lebiere (A&L), we discuss the strengths and weaknesses of ACT-R on the six that we postulate are the most relevant to cognitive engineering.
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  4. Robert H. Myers (1999). Self-Governance and Cooperation. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Robert Myers presents an original moral theory which charts a course between the extremes of consequentialism and contractualism. He puts forward a radically new case for the existence of both agent-neutral and agent-relative values, and gives an innovative answer to the question how such disparate values can be weighed against each other. The result is a theory of morality which combines a balanced account of its content with a ringing affirmation of its authority.
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  5. Jessica de Villiers, Brooke Myers & Robert J. Stainton (2013). Revisiting Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Follow-Up Study with Controls. Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):253-269.score: 60.0
    In a 2007 paper, we argued that speakers with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) exhibit pragmatic abilities which are surprising given the usual understanding of communication in that group. That is, it is commonly reported that people diagnosed with an ASD have trouble with metaphor, irony, conversational implicature and other non-literal language. This is not a matter of trouble with knowledge and application of rules of grammar. The difficulties lie, rather, in successful communicative interaction. Though we did find pragmatic errors within (...)
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  6. Tony Myers (2003). Slavoj Žižek. Routledge.score: 60.0
    Slavoj Zizek is no ordinary philosopher. Approaching critical theory and psychoanalysis in a recklessly entertaining fashion, Zizek's critical eye alights upon a bewildering and exhilarating range of subjects, from the political apathy of contemporary life, to a joke about the man who thinks he's a chicken, from the ethicial heroism of Keanu Reeves in speed , to what toilet designs reveal about the national psyche. Tony Myers provides a clear and engaging guide to Zizek's key ideas, explaining the main (...)
     
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  7. Robert J. Myers (1996). Notes on the Just War Theory: Whose Justice, Which Wars? Ethics and International Affairs 10 (1):115–130.score: 30.0
  8. David Myers (2003). The Social Psychology of Sustainability. World Futures 59 (3 & 4):201 – 211.score: 30.0
    The earth cannot support humanity's increasing population and consumption. Concerned scientists and citizens are therefore wondering how we might work toward a sustainable, survivable human future. Sustainability involves increased technological efficiency and agricultural productivity, but also incentives and attitudes that moderate consumption. Social psychology contributes to changing attitudes and behavior with evidence that a) materialism exacts psychic as well as environmental costs, and b) economic growth has failed to improve human morale. Two principles-the adaptation level phenomenon and social comparison-help explain (...)
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  9. Andrew Wayne & Michal Arciszewski (2009). Emergence in Physics. Philosophy Compass 4 (5):846-858.score: 30.0
    This paper begins by tracing interest in emergence in physics to the work of condensed matter physicist Philip Anderson. It provides a selective introduction to contemporary philosophical approaches to emergence. It surveys two exciting areas of current work that give good reason to re-evaluate our views about emergence in physics. One area focuses on physical systems wherein fundamental theories appear to break down. The other area is the quantum-to-classical transition, where some have claimed that a complete explanation of the behaviors (...)
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  10. Andrew Wayne, Emergence, Singular Limits and Basal Explanation.score: 30.0
    Recent work on emergence in physics has focused on the presence of singular limit relations between basal and upper-level theories as a criterion for emergence. However, over-emphasis on the role of singular limit relations has somewhat obscured what it means to say that a property or behaviour is emergent. This paper argues that singular limits are not central to emergence and develops an alternative account of emergence in terms of the failure of basal explainability. As a consequence, emergence and reduction, (...)
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  11. Gerald E. Myers (1957). Ryle on Pleasure. Journal of Philosophy 54 (March):181-187.score: 30.0
  12. Gerald E. Myers (1971). William James on Time Perception. Philosophy of Science 38 (September):353-360.score: 30.0
    James argued that time is a sensation, and the main point of this paper is to deny that claim. The concept of the specious present is explained, indicating how it clarifies the concept of "the present moment." But neither it nor an argument used by Mach and James show time to be a sensation. The analysis presented here requires distinguishing concepts of sensation from concepts of temporal relations. James' view is really a theory that time-as-duration is sensed. But this assumes (...)
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  13. C. Mason Myers (1971). Moore's Paradox of Analysis. Metaphilosophy 2 (4):295–308.score: 30.0
    The nature of conceptual analysis is elucidated by a proposed solution to moore's paradox of analysis. Occurrent, Dispositional, And property concepts are distinguished, And the notion of epistemic gain is introduced and explained. It is shown that although a correct analysis equates property concepts this is done with epistemic gain. It is argued that in a correct analysis there must be no identity between analysans and analysandum in respect to occurrent concepts. The relevance of thought experiments to conceptual analysis is (...)
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  14. Bruce Glymour, Marcelo Sabatés & Andrew Wayne (2001). Quantum Java: The Upwards Percolation of Quantum Indeterminacy. Philosophical Studies 103 (3):271 - 283.score: 30.0
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  15. David B. Myers (2003). Exclusivism, Eternal Damnation, and the Problem of Evil: A Critique of Craig's Molinist Soteriological Theodicy. Religious Studies 39 (4):407-419.score: 30.0
    According to orthodox Christianity, salvation depends on faith in Christ. If, however, God eternally punishes those who die ignorant of Christ, it appears that we have special instance of the problem of evil: the punishment of the religiously innocent. This is called the soteriological problem of evil. Using Molina's concept of middle knowledge, William Lane Craig develops a solution to this problem which he considers a theodicy. As developed by Craig, the Molinist theodicy rests on the problematic assumption that all (...)
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  16. Riggs Wayne (2009). Two Problems of Easy Credit. Synthese 169:201 - 216.score: 30.0
    In this paper I defend the theory that knowledge is credit-worthy true belief against a family of objections, one of which was leveled against it in a recent paper by Jennifer Lackey. In that paper, Lackey argues that testimonial knowledge is problematic for the credit-worthiness theory because when person A comes to know that p by way of the testimony of person B, it would appear that any credit due to A for coming to believe truly that p belongs to (...)
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  17. Andrew Wayne (1997). Tim Maudlin,Quantum Non-Locality and Relativity: Metaphysical inTimations of Modern Physics(Aristotelian Society Series, Volume 13), Oxford UK & Cambridge USA: Blackwell, 1994, 255 + XI Pp. [REVIEW] Noûs 31 (4):557–568.score: 30.0
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  18. Charles M. Myers (1962). Perceptual Events, States, and Processes. Philosophy of Science 29 (July):285-291.score: 30.0
    The notion that there is a category mistake or some other conceptual confusion in regarding seeing, hearing, and other forms of perception as events, states, or processes is incorrect. Ryle's analysis of "seeing" as an achievement word does not rule out our regarding seeing as an event, but in fact suggests that we do so when we carry the analysis beyond the point where Ryle leaves it. Furthermore there are uses of "see" not noticed by Ryle which justify our saying (...)
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  19. Gerald E. Myers (1969). William James's Theory of Emotion. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 5 (2):67-89.score: 30.0
  20. Gerald E. Myers (1957). Perception and the 'Time-Lag' Argument. Analysis 17 (April):97-102.score: 30.0
  21. Michael D. Myers & Leigh Miller (1996). Ethical Dilemmas in the Use of Information Technology: An Aristotelian Perspective. Ethics and Behavior 6 (2):153 – 160.score: 30.0
    As computer-based information systems start to have a great impact on people, organizations, and society as a whole, there is much debate about information technology in relation to social control and privacy, security and reliability, and ethics and professional responsibilities. However, more often than not, these debates reveal some fundamental disagreements, sometimes about first principles. In this article the authors suggest that a fruitful and interesting way to conceptualize some of these moral and ethical issues associated with the use of (...)
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  22. Charles S. Myers (1900). Vitalism: A Brief Historical and Critical Review. Mind 9 (34):218-233.score: 30.0
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  23. Kate Myers (2005). Teachers Behaving Badly?: Dilemmas for School Leaders. Routledgefalmer.score: 30.0
    Teachers Behaving Badly? is concerned about sexual behaviour that may occur between adults working in and connected to the school, and teacher/older pupil relations, initiated by both parties. Leaders faced with trying to sort out these issues find that they are not always clear-cut. Often there are no easy resolutions and the consequences may be potentially explosive for the individuals concerned, for the school, and for the community.
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  24. Josef Perner, Susan R. Leekam, Deborah Myers, Shalini Davis & Nicola Odgers, Misrepresentation and Referential Confusion: Children's Difficulty with False Beliefs and Outdated Photographs.score: 30.0
    Three and 4-year-old children were tested on matched versions of Zaitchik's (1990) photo task and Wimmer and Perner's (1983) false belief task. Although replicating Zaitchik's finding that false belief and photo task are of equal difficulty, this applied only to mean performance across subjects and no substantial correlation between the two tasks was found. This suggests that the two tasks tap different intellectual abilities. It was further discovered that children's performance can be improved by drawing their attention to the back (...)
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  25. Robert J. Myers (1997). Hans Morgenthau's Realism and American Foreign Policy. Ethics and International Affairs 11 (1):253–270.score: 30.0
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  26. Gerald E. Myers (1990). James and Freud. Journal of Philosophy 87 (11):593-599.score: 30.0
  27. Andrew Wayne (1997). Degrees of Freedom and the Interpretation of Quantum Field Theory. Erkenntnis 46 (2):165-173.score: 30.0
    Nick Huggett and Robert Weingard (1994) have recently proposed a novel approach to interpreting field theories in physics, one which makes central use of the fact that a field generally has an infinite number of degrees of freedom in any finite region of space it occupies. Their characterization, they argue, (i) reproduces our intuitive categorizations of fields in the classical domain and thereby (ii) provides a basis for arguing that the quantum field is a field. Furthermore, (iii) it accomplishes these (...)
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  28. Andrew Wayne (2011). Expanding the Scope of Explanatory Idealization. Philosophy of Science 78 (5):830-841.score: 30.0
    Many explanations in physics rely on idealized models of physical systems. These explanations fail to satisfy the conditions of standard normative accounts of explanation. Recently, some philosophers have claimed that idealizations can be used to underwrite explanation nonetheless, but only when they are what have variously been called representational, Galilean, controllable or harmless idealizations. This paper argues that such a half-measure is untenable and that idealizations not of this sort can have explanatory capacities.
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  29. Greg Myers (1988). Every Picture Tells a Story: Illustrations in E.O. Wilson's Sociobiology. [REVIEW] Human Studies 11 (2-3):235 - 269.score: 30.0
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  30. Gerald E. Myers (1986). Introspection and Self-Knowledge. American Philosophical Quarterly 23 (April):199-207.score: 30.0
    Since locke, introspection has been generally defined as a form of observation. this is true, for example, of the classical tradition in psychology exemplified by wundt and titchener. recent experimental work by cognitive psychologists continues to treat introspection as a mode of observation while denying its alleged success in identifying cognitive processes. besides psychologists, philosophers such as james, ryle, and quinton are discussed, and they, too, define introspection as a type of observation analogous to perception. the present article calls attention (...)
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  31. R. H. Myers (1999). The Inescapability of Moral Reasons. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (2):281-307.score: 30.0
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  32. Andrew Wayne (1996). Book Review:Quantum Mechanics: Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Hegemony James T. Cushing. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 63 (3):478-.score: 30.0
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  33. F. Stanford Wayne (1989). An Instrument to Measure Adherence to the Protestant Ethic and Contemporary Work Values. Journal of Business Ethics 8 (10):793 - 804.score: 30.0
    The problem of the current research is to develop an instrument that accurately measures individuals' adherence or nonadherence to both Protestant Ethic and contemporary work values. The study confirms that the traditional Protestant Ethic work values and the contemporary work values are different and the instrument used to measure the work values that individuals actually support is valid and reliable. Two scales were developed based on Protestant Ethic work values and contemporary work values. A four-point Likert scale was used to (...)
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  34. Andrew Wayne, A Trope-Bundle Ontology for Field Theory.score: 30.0
    Field theories have been central to physics over the last 150 years, and there are several theories in contemporary physics in which physical fields play key causal and explanatory roles. This paper proposes a novel field trope-bundle (FTB) ontology on which fields are composed of bundles of particularized property instances, called tropes and goes on to describe some virtues of this ontology. It begins with a critical examination of the dominant view about the ontology of fields, that fields are properties (...)
     
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  35. Andrew Wayne (2012). Emergence and Singular Limits. Synthese 184 (3):341-356.score: 30.0
    Recent work by Robert Batterman and Alexander Rueger has brought attention to cases in physics in which governing laws at the base level “break down” and singular limit relations obtain between base- and upper-level theories. As a result, they claim, these are cases with emergent upper-level properties. This paper contends that this inference—from singular limits to explanatory failure, novelty or irreducibility, and then to emergence—is mistaken. The van der Pol nonlinear oscillator is used to show that there can be a (...)
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  36. Mike Wayne (2005). Fetishism and Ideology: A Reply to Dimoulis and Milios. Historical Materialism 13 (3):193-218.score: 30.0
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  37. Andrew Wayne, Explanatory Idealizations.score: 30.0
    A signal development in contemporary physics is the widespread use, in explanatory contexts, of highly idealized models. This paper argues that some highly idealized models in physics have genuine explanatory power, and it extends the explanatory role for such idealizations beyond the scope of previous philosophical work. It focuses on idealizations of nonlinear oscillator systems.
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  38. R. H. Myers (2012). Desires and Normative Truths: A Holist's Response to the Sceptics. Mind 121 (482):375-406.score: 30.0
    According to the practicality requirement, there could be truths about what people have reason to do only if people’s motivating states could be, in an appropriate sense, either correct or incorrect. Yet according to the Humean theory of motivation, people’s motivating states are a species of desire, and these desires are not a species of belief, being neither identical to nor entailed by them; and according to the standard view of desire, P’s desire to is, at bottom, a disposition to (...)
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  39. J. C., C. S. Myers, Helen Wodehouse, J. W. Scott, John Edgar & B. A. (1910). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 19 (73):125-136.score: 30.0
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  40. Robert H. Myers (2004). Finding Value in Davidson. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 34 (1):107 - 136.score: 30.0
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  41. Ellen Fox, Sarah Myers & Robert A. Pearlman (2007). Ethics Consultation in United States Hospitals: A National Survey. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):13 – 25.score: 30.0
    Context: Although ethics consultation is commonplace in United States (U.S.) hospitals, descriptive data about this health service are lacking. Objective: To describe the prevalence, practitioners, and processes of ethics consultation in U.S. hospitals. Design: A 56-item phone or questionnaire survey of the "best informant" within each hospital. Participants: Random sample of 600 U.S. general hospitals, stratified by bed size. Results: The response rate was 87.4%. Ethics consultation services (ECSs) were found in 81% of all general hospitals in the U.S., and (...)
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  42. Joanne E. Myers (2013). Enthusiastic Improvement: Mary Astell and Damaris Masham on Sociability. Hypatia 28 (3):533-550.score: 30.0
    Many commentators have contrasted the way that sociability is theorized in the writings of Mary Astell and Damaris Masham, emphasizing the extent to which Masham is more interested in embodied, worldly existence. I argue, by contrast, that Astell's own interest in imagining a constitutively relational individual emerges once we pay attention to her use of religious texts and tropes. To explore the relevance of Astell's Christianity, I emphasize both how Astell's Christianity shapes her view of the individual's relation to society (...)
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  43. C. Mason Myers (1978). Circular Explication. Metaphilosophy 9 (1):1–13.score: 30.0
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  44. Ella Myers (2009). Review of Boudewijn de Bruin, Christopher F. Zurn (Eds.), New Waves in Political Philosophy. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (8).score: 30.0
  45. David B. Myers (2003). Rejoinder to William Lane Craig. Religious Studies 39 (4):427-430.score: 30.0
    While I may have misunderstood certain points in Craig's Molinist theodicy, a careful reading of my article will show that Craig is incorrect in his claim that I have failed to evaluate his proposal on the basis of its asserted standard: plausibility. The heart of my argument is that Craig's theodicy is implausible because it fails to provide a credible explanation of the culpability of all non-believers. In this rejoinder I try to show (1) why an evidentialist exoneration of reflective (...)
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  46. Charles S. Myers (1923). The Evolution of Feeling. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):3 – 11.score: 30.0
    (1)Four varieties of primitive affect are distinguishable, characterised by (a) strain, and (b) relaxation in response to a favourable situation, and by (c) strain, and (d) relaxation in response to one unfavourable. Exhilaration, gladness and interest arise from (a); ease, bliss and contentment from (b); uneasiness, distress and repugnance from (c), depression, sadness and apathy from (d). (2)These affects are due to (i) the organic harmony or discord induced by the environment; wherewith are evoked (ii) innately purposive patterns of out-going (...)
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  47. Robert H. Myers (2002). Robert Merrihew Adams, Finite and Infinite Goods: A Framework for Ethics:Finite and Infinite Goods: A Framework for Ethics. Ethics 112 (2):351-354.score: 30.0
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  48. C. Mason Myers (1986). Analytical Thought Experiments. Metaphilosophy 17 (2-3):109-118.score: 30.0
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  49. ed Marcus, George E. & Fred Red Myers (1996). Book Review: The Traffic in Culture: Refiguring Art and Anthropology. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Literature 20 (1).score: 30.0
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  50. David B. Myers (1976). Marx and the Problem of Nihilism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 37 (2):193-204.score: 30.0
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