Search results for 'Wayne Spencer' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. M. A. PhD, R. N. T. RN, Wayne Spencer & Stephen Matthiesen Dipl-Phys PhD (2002). A Critical Evaluation of the Theory and Practice of Therapeutic Touch. Nursing Philosophy 3 (2):163–176.score: 240.0
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  2. Dónal P. O'Mathúna, Steven Pryjmachuk, Wayne Spencer, Michael Stanwick & Stephen Matthiesen (2002). A Critical Evaluation of the Theory and Practice of Therapeutic Touch. Nursing Philosophy 3 (2):163-176.score: 240.0
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  3. Herbert Spencer (1996). Herbert Spencer: Collected Writings. Routledge.score: 210.0
    Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) was regarded by the Victorians as the foremost philosopher of the age, the prophet of evolution at a time when the idea had gripped the popular imagination. Until recently Spencer's posthumous reputation rested almost excusively on his social and political thought, which has itself frequently been subject to serious misrepresentation. But historians of ideas now recognise that an acquaintance with Spencer's thought is essential for the proper understanding of many aspects of Victorian intellectual life, (...)
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  4. Herbert Spencer (1893). A Letter From Mr. Herbert Spencer. The Monist 3 (2):272-272.score: 180.0
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  5. Herbert Spencer, First Principles, by Herbert Spencer.score: 180.0
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  6. Herbert Spencer, Illustrations of Universal Progress : A Series of Discussions by Herbert Spencer ; with a Notice of Spencer's "New System of Philosophy".score: 180.0
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  7. Herbert Spencer (1969). Herbert Spencer. London, Collier-Macmillan.score: 180.0
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  8. Herbert Spencer (1966). Herbert Spencer on Education. New York, Teachers College Press, Teachers College, Columbia University.score: 180.0
     
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  9. Herbert Spencer (1880/1966). The Works of Herbert Spencer. [Osnabrück, Zeller.score: 180.0
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  10. Herbert Spencer, The Development Hypothesis (1852).score: 60.0
    This early essay of Spencer's was originally published anonymously in The Leader for March 20 1852. It was the second contribution in a regular series entitled "The Haythorne Papers". Spencer's identity was revealed some while after. It is reproduced in Herbert Spencer, Essays Scientific, Political & Speculative, Williams and Norgate (3 vols 1891) pp.1 7]; and here in full. David Clifford, Ph.D., Cambridge University, prepared the html text in 1997; George P. Landow reformatted it in 2008.
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  11. Interpreting Spencer (2000). John W. Offer. In John Offer (ed.), Herbert Spencer: Critical Assessments. Routledge. 2--1.score: 60.0
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  12. Cara Spencer, Is There a Problem of the Essential Indexical?score: 30.0
    Some time ago, John Perry argued that the content of an indexical belief, that is, a belief expressible with a sentence containing an indexical or demonstrative, cannot be a proposition. I consider several of his arguments for this view, and show that they can be extended to show that belief expressible with other non-indexical expressions such as natural kind terms and proper names presents the very same problem for the traditional picture. I then suggest that if indexical belief has any (...)
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  13. Joshua Spencer (2010). A Tale of Two Simples. Philosophical Studies 148 (2):167 - 181.score: 30.0
    A material simple is a material object that has no proper parts. Some philosophers have argued for the possibility of extended simples. Some have even argued for the possibility of heterogeneous simples or simples that have intrinsic variations across their surfaces. There is a puzzle, though, that is meant to show that extended, heterogeneous simples are impossible. Although several plausible responses have been given to this puzzle, I wish to reopen the case against extended, heterogeneous simples. In this paper, I (...)
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  14. Andrew Wayne & Michal Arciszewski (2009). Emergence in Physics. Philosophy Compass 4 (5):846-858.score: 30.0
    This paper begins by tracing interest in emergence in physics to the work of condensed matter physicist Philip Anderson. It provides a selective introduction to contemporary philosophical approaches to emergence. It surveys two exciting areas of current work that give good reason to re-evaluate our views about emergence in physics. One area focuses on physical systems wherein fundamental theories appear to break down. The other area is the quantum-to-classical transition, where some have claimed that a complete explanation of the behaviors (...)
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  15. Andrew Wayne, Emergence, Singular Limits and Basal Explanation.score: 30.0
    Recent work on emergence in physics has focused on the presence of singular limit relations between basal and upper-level theories as a criterion for emergence. However, over-emphasis on the role of singular limit relations has somewhat obscured what it means to say that a property or behaviour is emergent. This paper argues that singular limits are not central to emergence and develops an alternative account of emergence in terms of the failure of basal explainability. As a consequence, emergence and reduction, (...)
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  16. Quayshawn Spencer (2004). Do Newton's Rules of Reasoning Guarantee Truth ... Must They? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 35 (4):759-782.score: 30.0
    Newton’s Principia introduces four rules of reasoning for natural philosophy. Although useful, there is a concern about whether Newton’s rules guarantee truth. After redirecting the discussion from truth to validity, I show that these rules are valid insofar as they fulfill Goodman’s criteria for inductive rules and Newton’s own methodological program of experimental philosophy; provided that cross-checks are used prior to applications of rule 4 and immediately after applications of rule 2 the following activities are pursued: (1) research addressing observations (...)
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  17. Andrew Wake, Joshua Spencer & Gregory Fowler (2007). Holes as Regions of Spacetime. The Monist 90 (3):372-378.score: 30.0
    We discuss the view that a hole is identical to the region of spacetime at which it is located. This view is more parsimonious than the view that holes are sui generus entities located at those regions surrounded by their hosts and it is more plausible than the view that there are no holes. We defend the spacetime view from several objections.
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  18. Cara Spencer (2006). Do Conversational Implicatures Explain Substitutivity Failures? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (1):126–139.score: 30.0
    The Russellian approach to the semantics of attitude ascriptions faces a problem in explaining the robust speaker intuitions that it does not predict. A familiar response to the problem is to claim that utterances of attitude ascriptions may differ in their Gricean conversational implicatures. I argue that the appeal to Grice is ad hoc. First, we find that speakers do not typically judge an utterance false merely because it implicates something false. The apparent cancellability of the putative implicatures is irrelevant, (...)
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  19. Cara Spencer, Shared Indexical Belief.score: 30.0
    In this paper, I take issue with the familiar view that the problem of the essential indexical is a merely technical problem, which can be solved through a straightforward revision of the familiar model of belief content. (The familiar model just says that the content of belief is a proposition.) I do not object to these technical fixes, but I think they leave some questions unanswered. Specifically, they deny us an attractive account of what it is for different people to (...)
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  20. Bruce Glymour, Marcelo Sabatés & Andrew Wayne (2001). Quantum Java: The Upwards Percolation of Quantum Indeterminacy. Philosophical Studies 103 (3):271 - 283.score: 30.0
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  21. Riggs Wayne (2009). Two Problems of Easy Credit. Synthese 169:201 - 216.score: 30.0
    In this paper I defend the theory that knowledge is credit-worthy true belief against a family of objections, one of which was leveled against it in a recent paper by Jennifer Lackey. In that paper, Lackey argues that testimonial knowledge is problematic for the credit-worthiness theory because when person A comes to know that p by way of the testimony of person B, it would appear that any credit due to A for coming to believe truly that p belongs to (...)
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  22. Andrew Wayne (1997). Tim Maudlin,Quantum Non-Locality and Relativity: Metaphysical inTimations of Modern Physics(Aristotelian Society Series, Volume 13), Oxford UK & Cambridge USA: Blackwell, 1994, 255 + XI Pp. [REVIEW] Noûs 31 (4):557–568.score: 30.0
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  23. Allison Barnes, Cara Spencer, Gavin B. Sullivan & Sam Coleman (2007). Preamble. Philosophical Psychology 20 (6):815 – 833.score: 30.0
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  24. Andrew Wayne (1997). Degrees of Freedom and the Interpretation of Quantum Field Theory. Erkenntnis 46 (2):165-173.score: 30.0
    Nick Huggett and Robert Weingard (1994) have recently proposed a novel approach to interpreting field theories in physics, one which makes central use of the fact that a field generally has an infinite number of degrees of freedom in any finite region of space it occupies. Their characterization, they argue, (i) reproduces our intuitive categorizations of fields in the classical domain and thereby (ii) provides a basis for arguing that the quantum field is a field. Furthermore, (iii) it accomplishes these (...)
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  25. Andrew Wayne (2011). Expanding the Scope of Explanatory Idealization. Philosophy of Science 78 (5):830-841.score: 30.0
    Many explanations in physics rely on idealized models of physical systems. These explanations fail to satisfy the conditions of standard normative accounts of explanation. Recently, some philosophers have claimed that idealizations can be used to underwrite explanation nonetheless, but only when they are what have variously been called representational, Galilean, controllable or harmless idealizations. This paper argues that such a half-measure is untenable and that idealizations not of this sort can have explanatory capacities.
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  26. Andrew Wayne (1996). Book Review:Quantum Mechanics: Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Hegemony James T. Cushing. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 63 (3):478-.score: 30.0
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  27. Stuart Spencer, Eddy Decuypere, Stefan Aerts & Johan De Tavernier (2006). History and Ethics of Keeping Pets: Comparison with Farm Animals. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (1):17-25.score: 30.0
    Perhaps the commonest reasons for the keeping of pets are companionship and as a conduit for affection. Pets are, therefore, being “used” for human ends in much the same way as laboratory or farm animals. So shouldn’t the same arguments apply to the use of pets as to those used in other ways? In accepting the “rights” of farm animals to fully express their natural behavior, one must also accept the “right” of pets to express their intrinsic natural behavior. Dogs (...)
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  28. Parry Moon & Domina Eberle Spencer (1959). Mach's Principle. Philosophy of Science 26 (2):125-134.score: 30.0
    Recession of the galaxies indicates a repulsive force and suggests that Newton's formulation of gravitation is not complete. A possible modification is proposed, and this Neo-Newtonian equation allows a quantitative treatment of Mach's principle. It also limits the velocity of matter to c and gives a correct prediction for the perihelion of Mercury.
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  29. F. Stanford Wayne (1989). An Instrument to Measure Adherence to the Protestant Ethic and Contemporary Work Values. Journal of Business Ethics 8 (10):793 - 804.score: 30.0
    The problem of the current research is to develop an instrument that accurately measures individuals' adherence or nonadherence to both Protestant Ethic and contemporary work values. The study confirms that the traditional Protestant Ethic work values and the contemporary work values are different and the instrument used to measure the work values that individuals actually support is valid and reliable. Two scales were developed based on Protestant Ethic work values and contemporary work values. A four-point Likert scale was used to (...)
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  30. Andrew Wayne, A Trope-Bundle Ontology for Field Theory.score: 30.0
    Field theories have been central to physics over the last 150 years, and there are several theories in contemporary physics in which physical fields play key causal and explanatory roles. This paper proposes a novel field trope-bundle (FTB) ontology on which fields are composed of bundles of particularized property instances, called tropes and goes on to describe some virtues of this ontology. It begins with a critical examination of the dominant view about the ontology of fields, that fields are properties (...)
     
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  31. Andrew Wayne (2012). Emergence and Singular Limits. Synthese 184 (3):341-356.score: 30.0
    Recent work by Robert Batterman and Alexander Rueger has brought attention to cases in physics in which governing laws at the base level “break down” and singular limit relations obtain between base- and upper-level theories. As a result, they claim, these are cases with emergent upper-level properties. This paper contends that this inference—from singular limits to explanatory failure, novelty or irreducibility, and then to emergence—is mistaken. The van der Pol nonlinear oscillator is used to show that there can be a (...)
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  32. Stefan Aerts, Dirk Lips, Stuart Spencer, Eddy Decuypere & Johan De Tavernier (2006). A New Framework for the Assessment of Animal Welfare: Integrating Existing Knowledge From a Practical Ethics Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (1):67-76.score: 30.0
    When making an assessment of animal welfare, it is important to take environmental (housing) or animal-based parameters into account. An alternative approach is to focus on the behavior and appearance of the animal, without making actual measurements or quantifying this. None of these tell the whole story. In this paper, we suggest that it is possible to find common ground between these (seemingly) diametrically opposed positions and argue that this may be the way to deal with the complexity of animal (...)
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  33. Mike Wayne (2005). Fetishism and Ideology: A Reply to Dimoulis and Milios. Historical Materialism 13 (3):193-218.score: 30.0
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  34. Cara Spencer (2006). Keeping Track of Objects in Conversation. In Manuel Garcia-Carpintero & Josep Macià (eds.), Two-Dimensional Semantics. Clarendon Press.score: 30.0
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  35. Herbert Spencer, Patriotism.score: 30.0
    The early abolition of serfdom in England, the early growth of relatively free institutions, and the greater recognition of popular claims after the decay of feudalism had divorced the masses from the soil, were traits of English life which may be looked back upon with pride. When it was decided that any slave who set foot in England became free; when the importation of slaves into the Colonies was stopped; when twenty millions were paid for the emancipation of slaves in (...)
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  36. John R. Spencer (1957). Ut Rhetorica Pictura: A Study in Quattrocento Theory of Painting. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 20 (1/2):26-44.score: 30.0
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  37. Cara Spencer (2007). Unconscious Vision and the Platitudes of Folk Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 20 (3):309 – 327.score: 30.0
    Since we explain behavior by ascribing intentional states to the agent, many philosophers have assumed that some guiding principle of folk psychology like [Intentional States and Actions] must be true. [Intentional States and Actions]: If A and B are different actions, then the agents performing them must differ in their intentional states at the time they are performed. Recent results in the physiology of vision present a prima facie problem for this principle. These results show that some visual information that (...)
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  38. Andrew Wayne, Explanatory Idealizations.score: 30.0
    A signal development in contemporary physics is the widespread use, in explanatory contexts, of highly idealized models. This paper argues that some highly idealized models in physics have genuine explanatory power, and it extends the explanatory role for such idealizations beyond the scope of previous philosophical work. It focuses on idealizations of nonlinear oscillator systems.
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  39. W. W. Spencer (1930). Our Knowledge of Other Minds. Yale University Press.score: 30.0
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  40. Herbert Spencer, Edward B. Tylor, Herbert Spencer & Edward B. Tylor (1877). Mr. Tylor's Review of the Principles of Sociology. Mind 2 (7):415-429.score: 30.0
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  41. Ann E. Mills, Mary V. Rorty & Edward M. Spencer (2006). Introduction: Ethics Committees and Failure to Thrive. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 18 (4):279-286.score: 30.0
  42. John H. Spencer (2007). Defending Realism: Reflections on Karl Rogers's Metaphysics of Experimental Physics. Journal of Critical Realism 6 (1):126-147.score: 30.0
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  43. Cara Spencer (2009). Review of Neil Feit, Belief About the Self: A Defense of the Property Theory of Content. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (2).score: 30.0
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  44. Herbert Spencer (1876). The Comparative Psychology of Man. Mind 1 (1):7-20.score: 30.0
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  45. Srimati Basu, Heather T. Frazer, Dermot Killingley, James Blumenthal, Anne M. Blackburn, Roy W. Perrett, Kees W. Bolle, Donald R. Davis, Mariko Namba Walter & George W. Spencer (2002). Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 6 (3):319-337.score: 30.0
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  46. Mark G. Spencer (2010). Fellow-Feeling and the Moral Life (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (1):pp. 110-111.score: 30.0
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  47. Herbert Spencer, Imperialism and Slavery.score: 30.0
    words express the sentiment which sways the British nation in its dealings with the Boer republics; and this sentiment it is which, definitely displayed in this case, pervades indefinitely the political feeling now manifesting itself as Imperialism. Supremacy, where not clearly imagined, is vaguely present in the background of consciousness. Not the derivation of the word only, but all its uses and associations, imply the thought of predominance – imply a correlative subordination. Actual or potential coercion of others, individuals or (...)
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  48. Herbert Spencer (1891). On the Origin of Music. Mind 16 (64):535-537.score: 30.0
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  49. J. R. Spencer (2002). A Point of Contention: The Scriptural Basis for the Jehovah's Witnesses' Refusal of Blood Transfusions. Christian Bioethics 8 (1):63-90.score: 30.0
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