Search results for 'Welfare state' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Niklas Luhmann (1990). Political Theory in the Welfare State. W. De Gruyter.score: 90.0
    Translator's Introduction Political Theory in the Welfare State [Politische Theorie im Wohl- fahrtsstaat] was originally published (Olzog, Munich) in. ...
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  2. Kees Schuyt (1998). The Sharing of Risks and the Risks of Sharing: Solidarity and Social Justice in the Welfare State. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (3):297-311.score: 90.0
    Solidarity as a social phenomenon means a sharing of feelings, interests, risks and responsibilities. The Western-European Welfare State can be seen as an organized system of solidarity, historically grown from group solidarity among workers, later between workers and employers, moving towards solidarity between larger social groups: between healthy people and the sick, between the young and the elderly, between the employed and the unemployed. This sharing of risks at a societal level however, has revealed the risks of sharing. (...)
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  3. Anca Gheaus (2008). Gender Justice and the Welfare State in Post-Communism. Feminist Theory 9 (2):185-206.score: 90.0
    Some Romanian feminist scholars argue that welfare policies of post-communist states are deeply unjust to women and preclude them from reaching economic autonomy. The upshot of this argument is that liberal economic policy would advance feminist goals better than the welfare state. How should we read this dissonance between Western and some Eastern feminist scholarship concerning distributive justice? I identify the problem of dependency at the core of a possible debate about feminism and welfare. Worries about (...)
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  4. Fabien Bottini (2013). The Roots of French Welfare State. Jurisprudence 20 (2):643-662.score: 90.0
    In this article the author tries to answer the difficult question of the roots of the welfare state. The study of the French example shows that if some roots are ideological, at the same time they are sociological, too. In the article the main streams of ideological roots are described and conclusion is drawn that nowadays sociological issues are very important. The popularity of the welfare state shows that dismantlement is impossible in the democratic States. Yet, (...)
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  5. Rob Houtepen (2000). New Types of Solidarity in the European Welfare State. Health Care Analysis 8 (4):329-340.score: 75.0
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  6. J. Donald Moon (ed.) (1988). Responsibility, Rights, and Welfare: The Theory of the Welfare State. Westview Press.score: 75.0
     
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  7. Yūichi Shionoya (2005). Economy and Morality: The Philosophy of the Welfare State. Edward Elgar.score: 75.0
  8. Kevin Vallier (forthcoming). A Moral and Economic Critique of the New Property-Owning Democrats: On Behalf of a Rawlsian Welfare State. Philosophical Studies:1-22.score: 74.0
    Property-owning democracies combine the regulative and redistributive functions of the welfare state with the governmental aim of ensuring that wealth and capital are widely dispersed. John Rawls, political philosophy’s most famous property-owning democrat, argued that property-owning democracy was one of two regime types that best realized his two principles of justice, though he was notoriously vague about how a property-owning democracy’s institutions are meant to realize his principles. To compensate for this deficiency, a number of Rawlsian political philosophers (...)
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  9. Alexander Kaufman (1999). Welfare in the Kantian State. Oxford University Press.score: 69.0
    A traditional interpretation holds that Kant's political theory simply constitutes an account of the constraints which reason places on the state's authority to regulate external action. Alexander Kaufman argues that this traditional interpretation succeeds neither as a faithful reading of Kant's texts nor as a plausible, philosophically sound reconstruction of a `Kantian' political theory. Rather, he argues that Kant's political theory articulates a positive conception of the state's role.
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  10. Hans de Geer, Tommy Borglund & Magnus Frostenson (2009). Reconciling Csr with the Role of the Corporation in Welfare States: The Problematic Swedish Example. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 89 (3):269–283.score: 66.0
    This article uses the Swedish example to illustrate how corporate social responsibility (CSR) is understood and interpreted when it enters a welfare state context where social issues have traditionally been the domains of the state and of politicians. Among the implications one finds a relative scepticism of traditionally strong actors on the labour market, such as the state, trade unions and employers. This relative scepticism is primarily explained by an enduring idea of the role of business (...)
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  11. Norman P. Barry (1990). The Philosophy of the Welfare State. Critical Review 4 (4):545-568.score: 60.0
    A critical survey of the major philosophical arguments that have been used to justify the institutions and policies of contemporary welfare states considers the claims of rights theory, egalitarianism, and citizenship and communitarian doctrines. It finds that these arguments are both internally confused and inconsistent with conventional welfare policies. It is argued that the welfare state itself has serious ambiguities: it claims to cater for the needy, as part of its ?public good?; obligations, yet in practice (...)
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  12. Judith Buber Agassi (1991). The Rise of the Ideas of the Welfare State. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21 (4):444-457.score: 60.0
    It is customarily assumed that welfare-state thinking can only appear as a product of the sharpening conflict between revolutionary socialists and the defenders of the status quo; the case of Tom Paine proves otherwise. Although he defended private enterprise (to the exclusion of large landed property), he developed a forgotten early version of a comprehensive system of public welfare in the second part of his The Rights of Man and in his Agrarian Justice, where he argued that (...)
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  13. V. Panitch (2011). Basic Income, Decommodification and the Welfare State. Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (8):935-945.score: 60.0
    According to Philippe Van Parijs, the superiority of an unconditional basic income (UBI) over conventional means-tested liberal welfare state programs lies in its decommodifying potential. In this article I argue that even if a UBI was sustainable at high enough a level to lessen the extent to which an individual is forced to sell his or her labor power in the market, it would nonetheless have the adverse and simultaneous effect of forcing that individual into further market transactions (...)
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  14. Jan Narveson (1992). Libertarianism, Postlibertarianism, and the Welfare State: Reply to Friedman. Critical Review 6 (1):45-82.score: 60.0
    Jeffrey Friedman broaches a number of criticisms of Libertarianism as a conceptual basis for opposing the extensive modern welfare state, examining several variants and concluding that they are fundamentally unsupported. He opts for a ?consequentialist? view of foundations. Nevertheless, he thinks that the modem welfare state is subject to effective critique along such lines. But rational contractarian individualism works and does provide foundations for libertarianism, while ?consequentialism? is an ill?defined theory.that is quite unpromising for the proposed (...)
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  15. Theodore R. Marmor (1993). Understanding the Welfare State: Crisis, Critics, and Countercritics. Critical Review 7 (4):461-477.score: 60.0
    We are now seeing a new wave of literature about the ?crisis? of the welfare state. In the earlier wave, some critics charged that social spending significantly detracted from macro? or microeconomic performance, while others challenged the legitimacy or efficacy of welfare programs; a third group worried about the effect of macroeconomic problems on the viability of the welfare state. None of these criticisms can be said to have been satisfactory, and continued reiterations of them (...)
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  16. Anders Molander, Harald Grimen & Erik Oddvar Eriksen (2012). Professional Discretion and Accountability in the Welfare State. Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (3):214-230.score: 60.0
    The discretionary powers of welfare state professionals are in tension with the requirements of the democratic Rechtsstaat. Extensive use of discretion can threaten the principles of the rule of law and relinquish democratic control over the implementation of laws and policies. These two tensions are in principle ineradicable. But does this also mean that they are impossible to come to grips with? Are there measures that may ease these tensions? We introduce an understanding of discretion that adds an (...)
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  17. Jens Borchert (1996). WelfareState Retrenchment: Playing the National Card. Critical Review 10 (1):63-94.score: 60.0
    Abstract An analysis of welfare?state restructuring under conservative governments during the 1980s undermines the notion that the nation?state is being rendered obsolete by economic globalization. The nation?state is still the principal site of political conflict. Yet this conflict has to be analyzed in light of global economic and cultural pressures. Conservative attempts to restructure the welfare state were parallel events within a larger transition in the world economy, but they had decisively distinct national trajectories.
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  18. Elliot Yale Neaman (1990). German Collectivism and the Welfare State. Critical Review 4 (4):591-618.score: 60.0
    In contrast to members of other developed, capitalist societies, Germans still attach some positive connotations to collectivism. In particular, they see the welfare state as a guarantor of collective security and social harmony, and as an agent of national interests by means of macroeconomic planning. The combination of collectivist social goals and statist means can be traced back to the Protestant Reformation in Germany, when the political vacuum left by the defeat of Roman internationalism was filled by local, (...)
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  19. Kevin Olson (2006). Reflexive Democracy: Political Equality and the Welfare State. The Mit Press.score: 60.0
    An argument for justifying the welfare state politically rather than economically, based on an ideal of democratic equality.
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  20. David L. Prychitko (1990). The Welfare State: What is Left? Critical Review 4 (4):619-632.score: 60.0
    With the demise of socialism in Eastern Europe, the Western welfare state is treated as the unquestionable alternative by most intellectuals. They have yet to come to terms with what Claus Offe, the German sociologist, describes as the contradictions of the welfare state and the persistent crises of crisis management. This paper critically assesses Offe's contribution in light of the recent reforms in ?really existing socialism.?; The author contends that although Offe's neo?Schumpeterian argument goes a long (...)
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  21. Jeffrey Friedman (1990). The New Consensus: II. The Democratic Welfare State. Critical Review 4 (4):633-708.score: 60.0
    The goal of the left has been predominantly libertarian: the realization of equal individual freedom. But now, with the demise of leftist hope for radical change that has followed the collapse of ?really existing?; socialism, the world is converging on a compromise between capitalism and the leftist impulse. This compromise is the democratic, interventionist welfare state, which has gained new legitimacy by virtue of combining a ?realistic?; acceptance of the unfortunate need for the market with an attempt to (...)
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  22. Robert E. Goodin (1988). Reasons for Welfare: The Political Theory of the Welfare State. Princeton University Press.score: 60.0
    Discusses the justification for a minimal welfare state independent of political rhetoric from the right or the left.
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  23. John Keane & David Held (1983). The Welfare State and the Future of Socialism: An Interview with Claus Offe. Telos 1983 (58):168-184.score: 60.0
    QUESTION: We would like to begin this discussion of the welfare state and the future of socialism by asking you about several substantive aspects of your work on the limitations of the welfare state. To begin with, why do you often say that late capitalist systems can neither live with nor without the welfare state? Do you consider this to be their fundamental contradiction?OFFE: A short-hand defintion of a contradiciton is that it is a (...)
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  24. Anselm Schneider (2014). Embracing Ambiguity – Lessons From the Study of Corporate Social Responsibility Throughout the Rise and Decline of the Modern Welfare State. Business Ethics: A European Review 23 (3):293-308.score: 60.0
    In the work of Karl Polanyi, the negative effects of a self-regulating market economy are described as being limited by societal forces such as the policies of the welfare state. With the decline of the modern welfare state since the late 1970s, social activities of business firms are increasingly regarded as an important complement to or even as a substitute for welfare state policies by a part of the literature. However, and controversially, another stream (...)
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  25. Douglas J. Den Uyl (2001). Individualist Ethics and the Welfare State. [REVIEW] Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 3 (1):109 - 115.score: 60.0
    Douglas J. Den Uyl expresses agreement with David Kelley's thesis in A Life of One's Own that the welfare state is not a good thing both for moral reasons and for its practical consequences. But the relationship between the moral and the political is more ambiguous than might first be imagined. The main questions explored are twofold: Is Kelley presupposing the truth of his own position in criticizing another—and does this alter the presentation from argument to rhetoric?; and (...)
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  26. Joseph Agassi, The Theory and Practice of the Welfare State.score: 60.0
    Criticism of the welfare state is mostly economic and administrative, relating to the resultant national debt and state bureaucracy. Budget cuts and privatization may help but not eliminate the difficulty. Yet, the primary concern of the welfare system is neither economic nor administrative; so, the force of this criticism is limited. To restrict the discussion to the defunct free-markets and centralized economies is to distort and to obstruct clear thinking on national priorities. Criticism of any (...) system should not aim at the revival of these extremist solutions, but raise cost-effectiveness. All this holds for the medical sector in particular. (shrink)
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  27. Keith Banting, Richard Johnston, Will Kymlicka & Stuart Soroka (2006). Do Multiculturalism Policies Erode the Welfare State? An Empirical Analysis. In Keith Banting & Will Kymlicka (eds.), Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies. Oup Oxford.score: 60.0
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  28. Keith Banting & Will Kymlicka (eds.) (2006). Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies. OUP Oxford.score: 60.0
    In many Western democracies, ethnic and racial minorities have demanded, and sometimes achieved, greater recognition and accommodation of their identities. This is reflected in the adoption of multiculturalism policies for immigrant groups, the acceptance of territorial autonomy and language rights for national minorities, and the recognition of land claims and self-government rights for indigenous peoples. These claims for recognition have been controversial, in part because of fears that they make it more difficult to sustain a robust welfare state (...)
     
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  29. Markus Crepaz (2006). 'If You Are My Brother, I May Give You a Dime!' Public Opinion on Multiculturalism, Trust, and the Welfare State. In Keith Banting & Will Kymlicka (eds.), Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies. Oup Oxford.score: 60.0
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  30. Han Entzinger (2006). The Parallel Decline of Multiculturalism and the Welfare State in the Netherlands. In Keith Banting & Will Kymlicka (eds.), Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies. Oup Oxford.score: 60.0
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  31. Ruth Fletcher (2005). Abortion Needs or Abortion Rights? Claiming State Accountability for Women's Reproductive Welfare. Feminist Legal Studies 13 (1):123-134.score: 60.0
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  32. Amy Gutmann (ed.) (1988). Democracy and the Welfare State. Princeton University Press.score: 60.0
    The essays in this volume explore the moral foundations and the political prospects of the welfare state in the United States. Among the questions addressed are the following: Has public support for the welfare state faded?
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  33. Stephen Holmes & Thomas A. Home (1988). Political Theory and Public Policy, Protecting the Vulnerable, and, with Julian Le Grand and Others, Not Only the Poor: The Middle Classes and the Welfare State. In J. Donald Moon (ed.), Responsibility, Rights, and Welfare: The Theory of the Welfare State. Westview Press. 229.score: 60.0
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  34. Matt James (2006). Do Campaigns for Historical Redress Erode the Canadian Welfare State? In Keith Banting & Will Kymlicka (eds.), Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies. Oup Oxford.score: 60.0
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  35. Nicola McEwen (2006). Does the Recognition of National Minorities Undermine the Welfare State? In Keith Banting & Will Kymlicka (eds.), Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies. Oup Oxford.score: 60.0
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  36. David Miller (1988). Altruism and the Welfare State. In J. Donald Moon (ed.), Responsibility, Rights, and Welfare: The Theory of the Welfare State. Westview Press.score: 60.0
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  37. David Miller (2006). Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Theoretical Reflections. In Keith Banting & Will Kymlicka (eds.), Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies. Oup Oxford.score: 60.0
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  38. John Myles & Sébastien St-Arnaud (2006). Diversity, Multiculturalism, and the Welfare State: Should Welfare State Theory Be Revised? In Keith Banting & Will Kymlicka (eds.), Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies. Oup Oxford.score: 60.0
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  39. Claus Offe (2000). The German Welfare State: Principles, Performance and Prospects After Unification. Thesis Eleven 63 (1):11-37.score: 60.0
    This article presents an overview of the institutional architecture and the organizing principles of the German welfare state, which is widely and rightly considered to be the model case of North West European Continental welfare states. The author's ambition is to be both systematic and historical in his presentation, emphasizing the process in which different layers of the historically evolved structure serve certain functions, such as poor relief, the protection of workers at work, the protection of workers (...)
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  40. Klaus Solberg Søilen (2009). Lifestyle Welfare: How the New Class has Transformed the Scandinavian Welfare State. Telos 2009 (148):73-85.score: 60.0
    Three hypotheses are presented in this article, each supported by observations and theory. The first is that party distinctions in Scandinavian politics no longer involve coherent ideas related to political ideologies, but that parties instead have become machines to maintain power and keep supporters employed. The second is that the tradition among political parties in Scandinavia, and especially in Sweden, for accepting federalist measures as a response to central state inefficiencies has been checked by the development of the (...) state; it can only regain momentum through external pressure, in the form of increased competition through the phenomenon known as…. (shrink)
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  41. Richard E. Ashcroft (2000). Solidarity, Society and the Welfare State in the United Kingdom. Health Care Analysis 8 (4):377-394.score: 57.0
    Political argument and institutions in the UnitedKingdom have frequently been represented as the products of ablend of nationalistic conservatism, liberal individualism andsocialism, in which consensus has been prized over ideology. This situation changed, as the standard story has it, with therise of Thatcherism in the late 1970s, and again with the arrivalof Tony Blair's ``New Labour'' pragmatism in the late 1990s. Solidarity as an element of political discourse makes itsappearance in the UK late in the day. It has been most (...)
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  42. George Klosko (2009). Cosmopolitanism, Political Obligation, and the Welfare State. Political Theory 37 (2):243 - 265.score: 57.0
    While we generally take it for granted that governments should provide social welfare and other benefits to their citizens, justification of these services depends on special moral requirements people owe to their compatriots, as opposed to inhabitants of other countries, who may be far more needy. While widely discussed defenses of compatriot preferences can be seen to be flawed, the latter may be justified through a public goods argument. Security and other public goods are not only necessary for acceptable (...)
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  43. Marion Smiley (2001). 'Welfare Dependence': The Power of a Concept. Thesis Eleven (64):21-38.score: 54.0
    This essay argues that the concept of dependence now invoked in noramtive discussions of the welfare state is both incoherent and biased as a result of its conflation of four distinctly different notions of dependence, ranging from the purely causal to that associated with lower class identities.
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  44. Lena Halldenius (1998). Non-Domination and Egalitarian Welfare Politics. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (3):335-353.score: 54.0
    In this article I will do three things: I will argue that solidarity is not necessary for political legitimacy, that non-domination is a strong candidate for legitimacy criterion, and, finally, that non-domination can legitimate the egalitarian welfare state.
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  45. Steve Daskal (2010). Libertarianism Left and Right, the Lockean Proviso, and the Reformed Welfare State. Social Theory and Practice 36 (1):21-43.score: 54.0
    This paper explores the implications of libertarianism for welfare policy. There are two central arguments. First, the paper argues that if one adopts a libertarian framework, it makes most sense to be a Lockean right-libertarian. Second, the paper argues that this form of libertarianism leads to the endorsement of a fairly extensive set of redistributive welfare programs. Specifically, the paper argues that Lockean right-libertarians are committed to endorsing welfare programs under which the receipt of benefits is conditional (...)
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  46. Nicola Pasini (2000). Solidarity and the Role of the State in Italian Health Care. Health Care Analysis 8 (4):341-354.score: 54.0
    The article deals with the issue of solidarity in health care,with particular reference to the Italian context. It presents thedifficulties of the Italian NHS and assesses the current proposalto counter the crisis of the Welfare State by giving upinstitutional arrangements, in order to favour the so-called`social private'. Moreover, it addresses the question ofprioritisation and targeting in the context of health care,arguing for the insufficiency of the standard approach of neutralliberalism, and showing how the concept of solidarity might helpto (...)
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  47. Åke Bergmark (2000). Solidarity in Swedish Welfare €“ Standing the Test of Time? Health Care Analysis 8 (4):395-411.score: 54.0
    Swedish welfare has for decades served as a role model foruniversalistic welfare. When the economic recession hit Swedish economyin the beginning of the 1990s, a period of more than 50 years ofcontinuous expansion and reforms in the welfare sector came to an end.Summing up the past decade, we can see that the economic downturnenforced rationing measures in most parts of the welfare state, althoughmost of this took place in the beginning of the decade. Today, most (...)
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  48. Dorian R. Woods (2006). What a State She's In! Western Welfare States and Equitable Social Entitlements. Journal of Global Ethics 2 (2):197 – 212.score: 52.0
    The issue of care work has become a burning issue in western capitalist welfare states because of the greater proportion of women in the workforce and the growth of alternative forms of family arrangement outside of the traditional male breadwinner model. This article addresses equity and welfare states with respect to social entitlements around care. It asks how new theoretical concepts can be applied to understand welfare states and their evolving employment-related family policies, using Nancy Fraser's utopian (...)
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  49. Bower Aly (1950). Welfare State. [Columbia? Mo..score: 51.0
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  50. Rodney E. Hero & Robert R. Preuhs (2006). Multiculturalism and Welfare Policies in the US States: A State-Level Comparative Analysis. In Keith Banting & Will Kymlicka (eds.), Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies. Oup Oxford.score: 51.0
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