Search results for 'Wendy E. Shields' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. J. David Smith, Wendy E. Shields & David A. Washburn (2003). Inaugurating a New Area of Comparative Cognition Research. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):358-369.score: 870.0
    There was a strong consensus in the commentaries that animals' performances in metacognition paradigms indicate high-level decisional processes that cannot be explained associatively. Our response summarizes this consensus and the support for the idea that these performances demonstrate animal metacognition. We amplify the idea that there is an adaptive advantage favoring animals who can – in an immediate moment of difficulty or uncertainty – construct a decisional assemblage that lets them find an appropriate behavioral solution. A working consciousness would serve (...)
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  2. Alison L. Miller, Sarah E. Fine, Kathleen Kiely Gouley, Ronald Seifer, Susan Dickstein & Ann Shields (2006). Showing and Telling About Emotions: Interrelations Between Facets of Emotional Competence and Associations with Classroom Adjustment in Head Start Preschoolers. Cognition and Emotion 20 (8):1170-1192.score: 240.0
  3. Kerry Shields, Paul E. Engelhardt & Magdalena Ietswaart (2012). Processing Emotion Information From Both the Face and Body: An Eye-Movement Study. Cognition and Emotion 26 (4):699-709.score: 240.0
  4. Brian E. Butler, Matthew J. Brown, Phillip Deen, Loren Goldman, John Kaag, John Ryder, Patricia Shields, Joseph Soeters & Eric Weber (2013). Philosophical Pragmatism and International Relations: Essays for a Bold New World. Lexington Books.score: 240.0
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  5. Dai Weidong, Maureen W. Mcclure, Portia H. Shields, Kenneth E. Martin, Reba Page & Barbara Senkowski Stengel (1988). Book Review Section 4. [REVIEW] Educational Studies 19 (3-4):433-471.score: 240.0
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  6. Grant S. Shields (2014). Neuroscience and Conscious Causation: Has Neuroscience Shown That We Cannot Control Our Own Actions? Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (4):565-582.score: 120.0
    Neuroscience has begun to elucidate the mechanisms of volition, decision-making, and action. Some have taken the progress neuroscience has made in these areas to indicate that we are not free to choose our actions . The notion that we can consciously initiate our behavior is a crucial tenet in the concept of free will, and closely linked to how most individuals view themselves as persons. There is thus reason to inquire if the aforementioned inference drawn by some might be too (...)
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  7. J. A. Davison (1952). The Hesiodic Shield Carlo Ferdinando Russo: Hesiodi Scutum. Introduzione, testo critico e commento con traduzione e indici. (Biblioteca di Studi Superiori, ix.) Pp. 224. Florence: La Nuova Italia, 1950. Paper, L. 1,300. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 2 (3-4):153-154.score: 40.0
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  8. Malcolm Heath (1985). Froma I. Zeitlin: Under The Sign of the Shield. Semiotics and Aeschylus' Seven Against Thebes. (Filologia E Critica, 44.) Pp. 227. Rome: Edizioni dell'Ateneo, 1982. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 35 (01):180-.score: 40.0
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  9. Walter E. Block, “Response to Jakobsson on Human Body Shields”.score: 38.0
    A grabs B and uses him as a body shield. That is, A hides behind B (A renders B helpless to resist his grasp), and from that vantage point, shoots at C. According to libertarian theory, may B shoot at C, or, is it proper that C pull the trigger [...].
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  10. Liane Gabora (2002). Amplifying Phenomenal Information: Toward a Fundamental Theory of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (8):3-29.score: 24.0
    from non-conscious components by positing that consciousness is a universal primitive. For example, the double aspect theory of information holds that infor- mation has a phenomenal aspect. How then do you get from phenomenal infor- mation to human consciousness? This paper proposes that an entity is conscious to the extent it amplifies information, first by trapping and integrating it through closure, and second by maintaining dynamics at the edge of chaos through simul- taneous processes of divergence and convergence. The origin (...)
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  11. Erika Milam, Roberta L. Millstein, Angela Potochnik & Joan Roughgarden (2011). Sex and Sensibility: The Role of Social Selection. Metascience 20 (2):253-277.score: 24.0
    Sex and sensibility: The role of social selection Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9464-6 Authors Erika L. Milam, Department of History, University of Maryland, 2115 Francis Scott Key Hall, College Park, MD 20742, USA Roberta L. Millstein, Department of Philosophy, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA Angela Potochnik, Department of Philosophy, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 210374, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA Joan E. Roughgarden, Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5020, USA Journal Metascience (...)
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  12. Brad Seeman (2003). What If the Elephant Speaks? Kant's Critique of Judgment and an Übergang Problem in John Hick's Philosophy of Religious Pluralism. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 54 (3):157-174.score: 24.0
    In the Critique of Judgment, Kantattempts to unravel the problem of Übergang that threatens his CopernicanRevolution. Having opened up a ``chasm'' betweensensible and supersensible, betweenepistemological and ontological, Kant facesboth the specter of empirical chaos in whichthe noumenal refuses to conform to theunderstanding's attempts to legislate over themanifold of intuition, and the problem offinding a place for freedom to have effectswithin the seamless phenomenal realm ofefficient causality. Central to Kant's attemptto overcome these problems is his notion of theheautonomy of reflective judging, (...)
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  13. Ayelet Shavit & James Griesemer (2009). There and Back Again, or the Problem of Locality in Biodiversity Surveys. Philosophy of Science 76 (3):273-294.score: 24.0
    We argue that ‘locality’, perhaps the most mundane term in ecology, holds a basic ambiguity: two concepts of space—nomothetic and idiographic—which are both necessary for a rigorous resurvey to “the same” locality in the field, are committed to different practices with no common measurement. A case study unfolds the failure of the standard assumption that an exogenous grid of longitude and latitude, as fine‐grained as one wishes, suffices for revisiting a species locality. We briefly suggest a scale‐dependent “resolution” for this (...)
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  14. Frank van Dun, A Note on Austro-Libertarianism and the Limited-Liability Corporation.score: 24.0
    A limited-liability corporation is an artificial (“legal”) person whose liability is limited to the assets “owned” by the corporation. This means that the real or natural persons (if there are any) who own the corporation are not liable for the consequences of corporate actions or events originating within the property “owned” by the corporation. Thus, while the limited-liability corporation itself is fully liable (i.e., to the full extent of its assets) for such actions and occurrences, its human owners (if there (...)
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  15. Julia Annas (ed.) (1989). Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume VI: 1988. Clarendon Press.score: 24.0
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is an annual publication which includes original articles, some of substantial length, on a wide range of topics in ancient philosophy, and review articles of major books. Contributors include Mary Margaret Mackenzie, Aryeh Finkelberg, Charles H. Kahn, Christopher Shields, Paul Woodruff, Christopher Gill, Rosalind Hursthouse, G.E.R Lloyd, Henry Maconi, and David Bostock.
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  16. Judith Andre (2013). Open Hope as a Civic Virtue. Social Philosophy Today 29:89-100.score: 24.0
    Hope as a virtue is an acquired disposition, shaped by reflection; as a civic virtue it must serve the good of the community. Ernst Bloch and Lord Buddha offer help in constructing such a virtue. Using a taxonomy developed by Darren Webb I distinguish open hope from goal-oriented hope, and use each thinker to develop the former. Bloch and Buddha are very different (and notoriously obscure; I do not attempt an exegesis). But they share a metaphysics of change, foundational for (...)
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  17. Henrietta Schwartz, Ronald D. Cohen, Shields Jr, Mazoor Ahmed, Albert E. Bender, Paul J. Schafer, Charles S. Ungerleider, Andrew T. Kopan, Joseph Watras, George A. Letchworth, Ronald M. Brown, John H. Walker, Ralph B. Kimbrough, Roy L. Cox & Raymond Martin (1975). Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW] Ethics and Behavior 6 (3):222-237.score: 24.0
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  18. Daniel Schwartz (ed.) (2011). Interpreting Suárez: Critical Essays. Cambridge University Press.score: 24.0
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction Daniel Schwartz; 2. Fundamentals in Suárez's metaphysics: transcendentals and categories Jorge J. E. Gracia and Daniel D. Novotný; 3. The reality of substantial form: Suárez, metaphysical disputations XV Christopher Shields; 4. Suárez on the ontology of relations Jorge Secada; 5. Suárez's cosmological argument for the existence of God Bernie Cantens; 6. Action and freedom in Suárez's ethics Thomas Pink; 7. Obligation, rightness, and natural law: Suárez and some critics Terence H. Irwin; 8. Suárez (...)
     
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  19. Chiara Lepora & Robert E. Goodin (2011). Grading Complicity in Rwandan Refugee Camps. Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (3):259-276.score: 12.0
    Complicity with wrongdoing comes in many forms and many degrees. We distinguish subcategories cooperation, collaboration and collusion from connivance and condoning, identifying their defining features and assessing their characteristic moral valences. We illustrate the use of these distinctions by reference to events in refugee camps in and around Rwanda after the 1994 genocide, and the extent to which international organizations and nongovernment organizations were wrongfully complicit with the misuse of refugees as human shields by the perpetrators of the genocide (...)
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  20. Shannon E. French (2001). With Your Shield or on It: Challenging the Pacifist Mother Archetype. Public Affairs Quarterly 15 (1):51-63.score: 12.0
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  21. E. J. Kenney (1979). Joseph M. Levine: Dr. Woodward's Shield: History, Science, and Satire in Augustan England. Pp. X + 362. 8 Plates. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977. Cloth, £14·75. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 29 (01):193-.score: 12.0
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  22. E. F. Carritt (1948). The Nature of Art or The Shield of Pallas. By Arthur Little, S.J. (Longmans Green & Co. Pp. 264. 8s. 6d.). Philosophy 23 (85):179-.score: 12.0
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  23. E. Fermé & S. O. Hansson (2001). Shielded Contraction. In Fronties of Belief Revision. Kluwer. 85-107.score: 12.0
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  24. Richard Arneson, Just Warfare Theory and Noncombatant Immunity.score: 8.0
    ..............................................................................................101 I. The Idea of a Noncombatant ........................................................104 II. The Moral Shield Protecting Noncombatants.............................106 A. Accommodation.......................................................................107 B. Guilty Past ...............................................................................107 C. Guilty Bystander Trying to Inflict Harm .................................109 D. Guilty Bystander Disposed to Inflict Harm .............................109 E. Guilty Bystander Exulting in Anticipated Evil ........................109 F. Fault Forfeits First Doctrine in Just Warfare ...........................110 III. Noncombatants as Wrongful Trespassers ...................................110 IV. The Noncombatant Status of Captured Soldiers ........................111 V. Guerrilla Combat ..........................................................................116 VI. Morally Innocent Unjust Combatants.........................................118 VII. Should Rights Reflect What (...)
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  25. Matthew Smith, Ideas of Justice: Positive.score: 8.0
    We use the term “justice” in many different ways. In this essay, I consider justice only as it used in Anglo-American political and legal theory. In this realm of discourse, all forms of justice consist of non-utilitarian allocative principles, i.e., principles governing, to put it as broadly as possible, who gets how much of what. Some may wish to treat utilitarian principles as principles of justice. As a matter of nomenclatural pedantry, this is surely reasonable. But, perhaps as a consequence (...)
     
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  26. Vincent di Norcia (1994). Ethics, Technology Development, and Innovations. Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (3):235-252.score: 8.0
    The aim of this essay is to present a model of ethical technology management which assumes that elites who make the system design and development decisions should minimize the risks to stakeholders rather than maximize gains for their organizations. Given the unsettled state in ethical theory a familiar substantive Social, Economic, Environmental and Rights value set or ‘SEER’ ethic is presented. To enable foresight of the negative SEER effects of innovations a technology life cycle is introduced. A cognate issue life (...)
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  27. Sven Ove Hansson (2013). Bootstrap Contraction. Studia Logica 101 (5):1013-1029.score: 6.0
    We can often specify how we would contract by a certain sentence by saying that this contraction would coincide with some other contraction that we know how to perform. We can for instance clarify that our contraction by p&q would coincide with our contraction by p, or by q, or by {p, q}. In a framework where the set of potential outcomes is known, some contractions are “self-evident” in the sense that there is only one serious candidate that can be (...)
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  28. Wendy Austin, Erika Goble, Brendan Leier & Paul Byrne (2009). Compassion Fatigue: The Experience of Nurses. Ethics and Social Welfare 3 (2):195-214.score: 4.0
    The term compassion fatigue has come to be applied to a disengagement or lack of empathy on the part of care-giving professionals. Empathy and emotional investment have been seen as potentially costing the caregiver and putting them at risk. Compassion fatigue has been equated with burnout, secondary traumatic stress disorder, vicarious traumatization, secondary victimization or co-victimization, compassion stress, emotional contagion, and counter-transference. The results of a Canadian qualitative research project on nurses? experience of compassion fatigue are presented. Nurses, self-identified as (...)
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  29. E. Haavi Morreim (1994). Of Rescue and Responsibility: Learning to Live with Limits. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (5):455-470.score: 4.0
    Universal access to health care is still a dream rather than a reality in the United States. This is partly because a rule of rescue, by impelling us to help people in need, urges us to ignore the limits of our health care policies wherever those limits would adversely affect a given individual. As the rule of rescue undermines whatever limits we set on health care entitlements, it can thwart the cost containment so essential to expanding access. Rather than accept (...)
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