Search results for 'Wesley Elsberry' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Wesley Elsberry & Jeffrey Shallit (2011). Information Theory, Evolutionary Computation, and Dembski's "Complex Specified Information". Synthese 178 (2):237 - 270.
    Intelligent design advocate William Dembski has introduced a measure of information called "complex specified information", or CSI. He claims that CSI is a reliable marker of design by intelligent agents. He puts forth a "Law of Conservation of Information" which states that chance and natural laws are incapable of generating CSI. In particular, CSI cannot be generated by evolutionary computation. Dembski asserts that CSI is present in intelligent causes and in the flagellum of Escherichia coli, and concludes that neither have (...)
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  2. John S. Wilkins & Wesley R. Elsberry (2001). The Advantages of Theft Over Toil: The Design Inference and Arguing From Ignorance. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 16 (5):711-724.
    Intelligent design theorist William Dembski has proposed an ``explanatory filter'' for distinguishing between events due to chance,lawful regularity or design. We show that if Dembski's filter were adopted as a scientific heuristic, some classical developments in science would not be rational, and that Dembski's assertion that the filter reliably identifies rarefied design requires ignoring the state of background knowledge. If background information changes even slightly, the filter's conclusion will vary wildly. Dembski fails to overcome Hume's objections to arguments from design.
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  3.  8
    Wesley Elsberry & Jeffrey Shallit (2011). Information Theory, Evolutionary Computation, and Dembski’s “Complex Specified Information”. Synthese 178 (2):237-270.
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  4. C. Monstein & J. P. Wesley (1996). Solar System Velocity From Muon Flux Anisotropy. Apeiron 3 (2):33.
     
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  5. Eugene Wesley (1971). An Application of Nonstandard Analysis to Game Theory. Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (3):385-394.
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  6. J. P. Wesley (1998). The Marinov Motor, Notional Induction Without a Magnetic B Field. Apeiron 5 (3-4):219.
     
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  7.  58
    E. Wesley & F. Peterson (1993). Time Preference, the Environment and the Interests of Future Generations. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 6 (2):107-126.
    The behavior of individuals currently living will generally have long-term consequences that affect the well-being of those who will come to live in the future. Intergenerational interdependencies of this nature raise difficult moral issues because only the current generation is in a position to decide on actions that will determine the nature of the world in which future generations will live. Although most are willing to attach some weight to the interests of future generations, many would argue that it is (...)
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  8.  30
    Philip J. Candilis, Robert W. Wesley & Alison Wichman (1993). A Survey of Researchers Using a Consent Policy for Cognitively Impaired Human Research Subjects. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 15 (6):1.
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  9. J. P. Wesley (1996). Order Versus Chaos in a Steady-State Cosmology. Apeiron 3 (3-4):92-98.
     
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  10.  10
    Michael Wesley (2005). Toward a Realist Ethics of Intervention. Ethics and International Affairs 19 (2):55–72.
    "In this article, I explore the possibilities for developing a realist-informed normative framework for humanitarian intervention in the context of the post–September 11 international concern with transnational threats.".
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  11.  7
    E. Wesley & F. Peterson (1986). Agricultural Structure and Economic Adjustment. Agriculture and Human Values 3 (4):6-15.
    There has been much discussion of changing agricultural structure in the United States. In this paper, the author reviews some of the factors contributing to structural change in the United States and describes the policies adopted by the European Community with respect to agricultural structure. The European experience with structural policies suggests that this approach is not very promising for the United States where no specific structural policies exist. The argument developed in this paper is that structural changes in agriculture (...)
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  12.  5
    David Wendler, Bob Wesley, Mark Pavlick & Annette Rid (forthcoming). A New Method for Making Treatment Decisions for Incapacitated Patients: What Do Patients Think About the Use of a Patient Preference Predictor? Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2015-103001.
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  13.  27
    J. P. Wesley (1981). Proposal to Measure Velocity of a Closed Laboratory. Foundations of Physics 11 (11-12):945-946.
    Uncoupling the mirrors in Marinov's (1) coupled-mirrors experiment allows them to be separated as far apart as desired, and orders of magnitude improvement in accuracy can be obtained for the determination of the absolute velocity of the closed laboratory.
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  14.  11
    D. Levine & W. Elsberry (eds.) (1997). Optimality in Biological and Artificial Networks? Lawrence Erlbaum.
    This book is the third in a series based on conferences sponsored by the Metroplex Institute for Neural Dynamics, an interdisciplinary organization of neural ...
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  15.  18
    E. Wesley & F. Peterson (1999). The Ethics of Burden-Sharing in the Global Greenhouse. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 11 (3):167-196.
    The Kyoto Protocol on global warming has provoked great controversy in part because it calls for heavier burdens on wealthy countries than on developing countries in the effort to control climate change. The U.S. Senate voted unanimously to oppose any agreement that does not require emissions reductions in low-income countries. The ethics of this position are examined in this paper which shows that there are good moral reasons for supporting the provisions of the Kyoto Protocol. Such a conclusion follows easily (...)
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  16.  15
    E. Wesley, F. Peterson, J. David Aiken & Bruce B. Johnson (1993). Property Rights and Groundwater in Nebraska. Agriculture and Human Values 10 (4):41-49.
    Property rights are important institutions that influence economic performance and reflect the historical, cultural, and political realities of particular societies. Drawing on a variety of concepts from legal and economic studies, a framework for explaining the origin and evolution of property rights is developed and applied to the specific case of changing ground water rights in Nebraska. The Nebraska case is an interesting example of reliance on local control in regulating water use. Despite the importance of local initiatives in ground (...)
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  17.  21
    J. P. Wesley (1986). Michelson-Morley Result, a Voigt-Doppler Effect in Absolute Space-Time. Foundations of Physics 16 (8):817-824.
    Voigt's 1887 explanation of the Michelson-Morley result as a Doppler effect using absolute space-time is examined. It is shown that Doppler effects involve two wave velocities: (1) the phase velocity, which is used to account for the Michelson-Morley null result, and (2) the velocity of energy propagation, which, being fixed relative to absolute space, may be used to explain the results of Roemer, Bradley, Sagnac, Marinov, and the 2.7° K anisotropy.
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  18. William D. Hopkins, Claudio Cantalupo, Michael J. Wesley, Autumn B. Hostetter & Dawn L. Pilcher (2002). Grip Morphology and Hand Use in Chimpanzees : Evidence of a Left Hemisphere Specialization in Motor Skill. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 131 (3):412-423.
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  19.  10
    P. J. Wesley (1995). Classical Quantum Theory. Apeiron 2 (2):27-32.
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  20.  16
    J. P. Wesley (1984). A Resolution of the Classical Wave-Particle Problem. Foundations of Physics 14 (2):155-170.
    The classical wave-particle problem is resolved in accord with Newton's concept of the particle nature of light by associating particle density and flux with the classical wave energy density and flux. Point particles flowing along discrete trajectories yield interference and diffraction patterns, as illustrated by Young's double pinhole interference. Bound particle motion is prescribed by standing waves. Particle motion as a function of time is presented for the case of a “particle in a box.” Initial conditions uniquely determine the subsequent (...)
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  21.  14
    J. P. Wesley (1980). Einstein Dynamics Without Special-Relativistic Kinematics. Foundations of Physics 10 (5-6):503-511.
    The Michelson-Morley result is described empirically by generalized Doppler equations. If the phase of a light wave is not invariant, in agreement with the quantum nature of light, special-relativistic kinematics need not be assumed. Einstein particle dynamics and Maxwell-Lorentz electrodynamics in a moving system are derived without assuming special-relativistic kinematics. An alternative explanation for the decay rate of moving radioactive particles is presented. The observation of a third-order Doppler effect may yield the velocity of the closed laboratory.
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  22.  6
    E. Wesley, F. Peterson & Clare B. Lyons (1989). The Perpetual Agricultural Policy Crisis in the European Community. Agriculture and Human Values 6 (1-2):11-21.
    The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Community (EC) has been criticized for causing a misallocation of resources, inequitable income transfers, and enormous budgetary costs. The purpose of this paper is to examine the political economy of agriculture and agricultural policy in the EC. The results of the analysis indicate that conflicts between national political objectives and broader, community-wide concerns are important factors in the performance of EC agriculture. The pressures for reform of the CAP will lead to modification (...)
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  23.  1
    James L. Tramill, Andrea L. Wesley & Stephen F. Davis (1981). The Effects of Chronic Ethanol Challenges on Aggressive Responding in Rats Maintained on a Semideprivation Diet. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (1):51-52.
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  24.  8
    J. P. Wesley (1980). Comments on Prokhovnik's Critique of Marinov's Experiment. Foundations of Physics 10 (9-10):803-805.
    The essential second half of Marinov's experiment, neglected by Prokhovnik, is discussed.
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  25.  4
    Curtis L. Wesley & Hermann Achidi Ndofor (2013). The Great Escape. Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (3):443-475.
    Corporate governance scholarship focuses on executive malfeasance, specifically its antecedents and consequences. Academic efforts primarily focus on prevention while practitioners are often left to hold firms and executives (including directors) accountable through a variety of sanctions. Even so, executive malfea­sance still occurs even in the face of the vast resources used to monitor, control, and penalize firms and executives. In this paper, we posit equity markets do not adequately penalize firms for inaccurate earnings reports. Using a sample of 129 firms (...)
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  26.  3
    Daniel H. Wesley & John A. Wheeler (2003). Towards an Action-at-a-Distance Concept of Spacetime. In A. Ashtekar (ed.), Revisiting the Foundations of Relativistic Physics. 421--436.
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  27. Gottfried Anger, James Paul Wesley & Hans Kaegelmann (eds.) (2005). Was von Moderner Physik Bleibt Und Fällt. Argo.
    1. Bd. Die Relativitätstheorie fällt : physikalische, philosophische, wissenschaftssoziologische und allgemeinverständliche Korrektur : hundert Jahre Kultus des Irrtums sind genug -- 3. Bd. Die Urknalltheorie fällt.
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  28. Ronald H. Gray, Robert T. Kambic, Claude A. Lanctot, Mary C. Martin, Roselind Wesley & Richard Cremins (1993). Evaluation of Natural Family Planning Programmes in Liberia and Zambia. Journal of Biosocial Science 25 (2).
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  29. Frances Wesley (1936). A Thing of Moods: Verse. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 17 (3):248.
     
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  30. C. Wesley (1996). Hans Reichenbach's Vindication of Induction. In Sahotra Sarkar (ed.), The Legacy of the Vienna Circle: Modern Reappraisals. Garland Pub. 6--307.
  31. J. P. Wesley (1998). Induction Produces Aharonov-Bohm Effect. Apeiron 5:89.
     
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  32. R. M. Wesley (1901). Les Grands Philosophes: Kant. Psychological Review 8 (4):406-409.
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  33.  4
    Kevin Schilbrack (2012). Assessing Wesley Wildman's Religious Philosophy as Multidisciplinary Comparative Inquiry. Sophia 51 (2):303-309.
    Wesley Wildman is one of the foremost philosophers of religion calling for the evolution of the discipline from its present narrow focus on theistic beliefs to become a discipline concerned with religions in all their diversity. Towards this end, he proposes that philosophers of religion understand what they do as multidisciplinary comparative inquiry. This article assesses his proposal.
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  34.  7
    Keith Haartman (2007). Religious Ecstasy and Personality Transformation in John Wesley's Methodism: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 29 (1):3-35.
    This paper examines the contemplative techniques that comprised wesley's method of spiritual transformation. By employing a psychoanalytic perspective that explains the pastoral effectiveness of the method, I claim that Wesley's view of spiritual growth was therapeutic and transformative as measured by contemporary clinical standards. Wesley's developmental model involved a series of spiritual phases each characterized by techniques and meditations that culminated in sanctification, a cognitive-emotional transformation marked by the eradication of sinful temptations and the perfection of altruism. (...)
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  35.  23
    Andrew Jerome Dell’Olio (2007). Response to Wesley J. Wildman's “Behind, Between, and Beyond Anthropomorphic Models of Ultimate Reality”. Philosophia 35 (3-4):427-432.
    This is a response to Wesley J. Wildman’s “Behind, Between, and Beyond Anthropomorphic Models of Ultimate Reality.” While I agree with much of what Wildman writes, I raise questions concerning standards for evaluating models of ultimate reality and the plausibility of ranking such models. This paper was delivered during the APA Pacific 2007 Mini-Conference on Models of God.
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  36.  4
    Helmut Renders (2011). O guia medicinal Primitive Physick de John Wesley de 1747: ciência, charlatania ou medicina social? (John Wesley's medical guide Primitive Physic[k] from 1747: science, charlatanism or social medicine?) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n21p339. [REVIEW] Horizonte 8 (21):339-353.
    Resumo Em 1747, John Wesley, spiritus rector do movimento metodista, publicou a primeira edição do seu guia medicinal Primitive Physic[k] . Qual era o seu propósito num mundo onde a academia real, herbalistas, curandeiros/as, exorcistas e charlatães competiam pela atenção da população? O artigo apresenta os diferentes grupos que atuaram, ou pretendiam atuar, em prol da saúde na Inglaterra do século 18, e compara o conteúdo do guia Primitive Physic[k] com suas propostas e estratégias terapêuticas. Conclua-se que uma parte (...)
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  37. Robert Mclaughlin (1982). What? Where? When? Why? Essays on Induction, Space and Time, Explanation : Inspired by the Work of Wesley C. Salmon and Celebrating His First Visit to Australia, September-December 1978.
     
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  38. Merrilee H. Salmon, Maria Carla Galavotti & Alessandro Pagnini (1999). Experience, Reality, and Scientific Explanation Essays in Honor of Merrilee and Wesley Salmon.
     
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  39. Phil Dowe (1992). Wesley Salmon's Process Theory of Causality and the Conserved Quantity Theory. Philosophy of Science 59 (2):195-216.
    This paper examines Wesley Salmon's "process" theory of causality, arguing in particular that there are four areas of inadequacy. These are that the theory is circular, that it is too vague at a crucial point, that statistical forks do not serve their intended purpose, and that Salmon has not adequately demonstrated that the theory avoids Hume's strictures about "hidden powers". A new theory is suggested, based on "conserved quantities", which fulfills Salmon's broad objectives, and which avoids the problems discussed.
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  40.  24
    Henk W. de Regt (2006). Wesley Salmon's Complementarity Thesis: Causalism and Unificationism Reconciled? International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (2):129 – 147.
    In his later years, Wesley Salmon believed that the two dominant models of scientific explanation (his own causal-mechanical model and the unificationist model) were reconcilable. Salmon envisaged a 'new consensus' about explanation: he suggested that the two models represent two 'complementary' types of explanation, which may 'peacefully coexist' because they illuminate different aspects of scientific understanding. This paper traces the development of Salmon's ideas and presents a critical analysis of his complementarity thesis. Salmon's thesis is rejected on the basis (...)
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  41.  25
    Daniel Breslau (2003). Economics Invents the Economy: Mathematics, Statistics, and Models in the Work of Irving Fisher and Wesley Mitchell. [REVIEW] Theory and Society 32 (3):379-411.
    The “embeddedness” of economic life in social relations has become a productive analytical principle and the basis of a penetrating critique of economic orthodoxy. But this critique raises another important, social and historical question, of how the economy became “disembedded” in the first place – how the multitude of transactions designated (somewhat arbitrarily) as economic were abstracted from the rest of social life and reconstituted as an object, the economy, which behaves according to its own logic. This article investigates the (...)
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  42.  45
    J. Wentzel van Huyssteen (2008). Primates, Hominids, and Humans—From Species Specificity to Human Uniqueness? A Response to Barbara J. King, Gregory R. Peterson, Wesley J. Wildman, and Nancy R. Howell. [REVIEW] Zygon 43 (2):505-525.
    In this response to essays by Barbara J. King, Gregory R. Peterson, Wesley J. Wildman, and Nancy R. Howell, I present arguments to counter some of the exciting and challenging questions from my colleagues. I take the opportunity to restate my argument for an interdisciplinary public theology, and by further developing the notion of transversality I argue for the specificity of the emerging theological dialogue with paleoanthropology and primatology. By arguing for a hermeneutics of the body, I respond to (...)
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  43. Peter Lipton (2003). Is Explanation a Guide to Inference? A Reply to Wesley Salmon. In G. Hon & Sam S. Rakover (eds.), Explanation: Theoretical Approaches and Applications. Springer
    Earlier in this volume, Wesley Salmon has given a characteristically clear and trenchant critique of the account of non-demonstrative reasoning known by the slogan `Inference to the Best Explanation'. As a long-time fan of the idea that explanatory considerations are a guide to inference, I was delighted by the suggestion that Wes and I might work together on a discussion of the issues. In the event, this project has exceeded my high expectations, for in addition to the intellectual gain (...)
     
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  44.  41
    Paul Humphreys (2004). Some Thoughts on Wesley Salmon's Contributions to the Philosophy of Probability. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):942-949.
    Wesley Salmon provided three classic criteria of adequacy for satisfactory interpretations of probability. A fourth criterion is suggested here. A distinction is drawn between frequency‐driven probability models and theory‐driven probability models and it is argued that single case accounts of chance are superior to frequency accounts at least for the latter. Finally it is suggested that theories of chance should be required only to be contingently true, a position which is a natural extension of Salmon's ontic account of probabilistic (...)
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  45. James H. Fetzer & Wesley C. Salmon (1988). Probability and Causality Essays in Honor of Wesley C. Salmon. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  46.  22
    Jeppe Sinding Jensen (2012). Wesley Wildman: Religious Philosophy as Multidisciplinary Comparative Inquiry: Envisioning a Future for the Philosophy of Religion. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 71 (3):247-250.
    Wesley Wildman: Religious philosophy as multidisciplinary comparative inquiry: envisioning a future for the philosophy of religion Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11153-012-9339-4 Authors Jeppe Sinding Jensen, Department of Culture and Society, Faculty of Arts, Aarhus University, Tasingegade 3, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark Journal International Journal for Philosophy of Religion Online ISSN 1572-8684 Print ISSN 0020-7047.
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  47.  7
    Deborah Madden (2006). The Limitation of Human Knowledge: Faith and the Empirical Method in John Wesley's Medical Holism. History of European Ideas 32 (2):162-172.
    In his medical and scientific works John Wesley provided an interpretation of the universe that was structured, though not pre-ordained, by God. The empirical method he adopted was measured in terms of efficacy and judged according to rationalistic standards. Its practical success, however, was used by Wesley to underpin his vocation of practical piety, which developed out of a holistic view of nature inspired by the spiritualism of Primitive Christianity. Accordingly, the providential ordering of Man and nature meant (...)
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  48.  9
    Igor Hanzel (2011). Wesley C. Salmon Versus GWF Hegel on Causation, Principle of Common Cause and Theoretical Explanation. Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 18 (2):189-212.
    The aim of this article is to analyze the main contributions of Wesley C. Salmon to the philosophy of science, that is, his concepts of causation, common cause, and theoretical explanation, and to provide a critique of them. This critique will be based on a comparison of Salmon’s concepts with categories developed by Hegel in his Science of Logic and which can be applied to issues treated by Salmon by means of the above given three concepts. It is the (...)
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  49.  17
    Igor Hanzel (2012). Causation, Principle of Common Cause and Theoretical Explanation: Wesley C. Salmon and G. W. F. Hegel. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1):29-44.
    The aim of this article is to analyze the main contributions of Wesley C. Salmon to the philosophy of science, that is, his concepts of causation, common cause, and theoretical explanation, and to provide a critique of them. This critique will be based on a comparison of Salmon's concepts with categories developed by Hegel in his Science of Logic, and which can be applied to the issues treated by Salmon by means of the above given three concepts. It is (...)
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  50.  4
    Wesley Morriston (1996). God's Answer to Job: Wesley Morriston. Religious Studies 32 (3):339-356.
    Let the day perish in which I was born… [Job 3: 3a] 1.
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