Search results for 'Wesley R. Elsberry' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  89
    John S. Wilkins & Wesley R. Elsberry (2001). The Advantages of Theft Over Toil: The Design Inference and Arguing From Ignorance. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 16 (5):711-724.
    Intelligent design theorist William Dembski has proposed an ``explanatory filter'' for distinguishing between events due to chance,lawful regularity or design. We show that if Dembski's filter were adopted as a scientific heuristic, some classical developments in science would not be rational, and that Dembski's assertion that the filter reliably identifies rarefied design requires ignoring the state of background knowledge. If background information changes even slightly, the filter's conclusion will vary wildly. Dembski fails to overcome Hume's objections to arguments from design.
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  2. Wesley Elsberry & Jeffrey Shallit (2011). Information Theory, Evolutionary Computation, and Dembski's "Complex Specified Information". Synthese 178 (2):237 - 270.
    Intelligent design advocate William Dembski has introduced a measure of information called "complex specified information", or CSI. He claims that CSI is a reliable marker of design by intelligent agents. He puts forth a "Law of Conservation of Information" which states that chance and natural laws are incapable of generating CSI. In particular, CSI cannot be generated by evolutionary computation. Dembski asserts that CSI is present in intelligent causes and in the flagellum of Escherichia coli, and concludes that neither have (...)
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  3. Wesley Elsberry & Jeffrey Shallit (2011). Information Theory, Evolutionary Computation, and Dembski’s “Complex Specified Information”. Synthese 178 (2):237-270.
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  4.  9
    G. B. R. (1914). The Authorship of the Platonic Epistles. By R. Hackforth, M.A. 8vo. 1 Vol. Pp. 203. Manchester: University Press, 1913. The Classical Review 28 (07):231-232.
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  5.  6
    Y. T. R. (1899). Cambridge Compositions Cambridge Compositions, Greek and Latin. Edited by R. D. Archer-Hind, M.A., and R. D. Hicks, M.A., Fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge. Cambridge: At the University Press. 1899. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 13 (04):227-230.
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  6.  2
    L. A. R. (1952). Book Review:Creative Aspects of Natural Law R. A. Fisher. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 19 (4):350-.
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  7.  8
    C. S. R. (1895). Blake's Edition of Xenophon's Hellenica I. II., and Other Selections The Hellenica of Xenophon, Books I. And II., Together with Selections From Lysias C. Eratosthenes and From Aristotle's Constitution of Athens, Edited with Notes by R. W. Blake, A.M. Boston. 1894. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 9 (04):231-.
  8.  2
    G. G. R. (1931). Psychopathology. By J. S. Nicole, M.R.C.P. & S. (London: Bailliere Tindall & Cox. 1930. Pp. Xii + 203. Price 10s. 6d.). Philosophy 6 (22):271-.
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  9.  2
    B. R. (2008). Jeremiah 21–36 (Anchor Bible 21b) and Jeremiah 37–52 (Anchor Bible 21c). By Jack R. Lundbom. Heythrop Journal 49 (1):168–169.
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  10. M. C. R. (1909). Bref de Sa Sainteté Pie X au R. P. Montagne, directeur de la Revue thomiste. Revue Thomiste 17 (1/6):1.
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  11. S. R. S. R. (1926). CARTON, R. -La Synthèse Doctrinale de Roger Bacon. [REVIEW] Mind 35:102.
     
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  12. G. R. G. R. (1964). GIRONELLA J. R. s.j., "Curso de Cuestiones filosóficas previas al estudio de la Teología". Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 56:261.
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  13. L. A. R. (1954). Book Review:Evaluating Research and Development I. R. Weschler, Paula Brown. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 21 (1):76-.
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  14.  19
    J. Wentzel van Huyssteen (2008). Primates, Hominids, and Humans—From Species Specificity to Human Uniqueness? A Response to Barbara J. King, Gregory R. Peterson, Wesley J. Wildman, and Nancy R. Howell. [REVIEW] Zygon 43 (2):505-525.
    In this response to essays by Barbara J. King, Gregory R. Peterson, Wesley J. Wildman, and Nancy R. Howell, I present arguments to counter some of the exciting and challenging questions from my colleagues. I take the opportunity to restate my argument for an interdisciplinary public theology, and by further developing the notion of transversality I argue for the specificity of the emerging theological dialogue with paleoanthropology and primatology. By arguing for a hermeneutics of the body, I respond (...)
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  15. G. Hunt (1974). Statistical Explanation and Statistical Relevance by Wesley C. Salmon; R. C. Jeffrey; J. G. Greeno. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 65:403-404.
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  16.  18
    Willem B. Drees (1998). Should Religious Naturalists Promote a Naturalistic Religion? Zygon 33 (4):617-633.
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  17. R. J. Berry, Michael Brierley, David A. Brondos, Elizabeth M. Bucar, Barbra Barnett & Lisa Sowle Cahill (2006). We Acknowledge with Thanks Receipt of the Following Titles. Inclusion in This List Neither Implies nor Precludes Subsequent Review. Ariarajah, S. Wesley, Axis of Peace: Christian Faith in Times of Violence and War (Geneva: WCC Publications, 2004). 137 Pp. No Price (Pb), ISBN. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 19:273-276.
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  18. Wesley Calvert (forthcoming). On Three Notions of Effective Computation Over R. Logic Journal of the IGPL.
     
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  19.  78
    Brian R. Clack (1998). W. Mark Richardson & Wesley J. Wildman (Eds). Religion and Science: History, Method, Dialogue. Pp. XX+450. (London: Routledge, 1996.) £50.00 Hbk, £16.99 Pbk. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 34 (1):115-118.
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  20.  4
    Wesley Cooper (2002). R. Noziek, Invariances: The Structure of the Objective World. Philosophical Inquiry 24 (3-4):145-146.
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  21.  4
    R. J. Hirst (1968). Seeing, Knowing and Believing. By J. F. Soltis. (Allen & Unwin; Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1966. Pp. 156. Price 25s.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 43 (166):389-.
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  22.  7
    G. E. R. Lloyd (1980). Hippocratic Problems Wesley D. Smith: The Hippocratic Tradition. (Cornell Publications in the History of Science.) Pp. 264. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1979. £7·75. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 30 (02):186-189.
  23.  2
    Stephen R. Latham (2009). Review of Wesley J. Smith, Secondhand Smoke. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 9 (2):65 – 66.
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  24. R. A. Edwards (1937). Needless Schism. A Comment on the Bicentenary of Wesley's Conversion. Hibbert Journal 36:545.
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  25. Wesley Salmon (1962). An Introduction to the Logic of the Sciences by R. Harre; The General Science of Nature by Vincent Edward Smith; The Nature of Science by David Greenwood. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 53:234-235.
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  26. Wesley K. H. Teo (1974). Joseph R. Levenson, "Confucian China and its Modern Fate: A Trilogy". Journal of Chinese Philosophy 1 (3/4):403.
     
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  27.  58
    Wesley C. Salmon (1971). Statistical Explanation & Statistical Relevance. [Pittsburgh]University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Through his S–R model of statistical relevance, Wesley Salmon offers a solution to the scientific explanation of objectively improbable events.
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  28.  23
    R. Keith Sawyer (1999). The Emergence of Creativity. Philosophical Psychology 12 (4):447 – 469.
    This paper is an extended exploration of Mead's phrase the emergence of the novel. I describe and characterize emergent systems-complex dynamical systems that display behavior that cannot be predicted from a full and complete description of the component units of the system. Emergence has become an influential concept in contemporary cognitive science [A. Clark Being there, Cambridge: MIT Press], complexity theory [W. Bechtel & R.C. Richardson Discovering complexity, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press], artificial life [R.A. Brooks & P. Maes Artificial (...)
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  29. James R. Beebe & Wesley Buckwalter (2010). The Epistemic Side-Effect Effect. Mind and Language 25 (4):474-498.
    Knobe (2003a, 2003b, 2004b) and others have demonstrated the surprising fact that the valence of a side-effect action can affect intuitions about whether that action was performed intentionally. Here we report the results of an experiment that extends these findings by testing for an analogous effect regarding knowledge attributions. Our results suggest that subjects are less likely to find that an agent knows an action will bring about a side-effect when the effect is good than when it is bad. It (...)
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  30.  5
    Wesley R. Dean & H. Morgan Scott (2005). Antagonistic Synergy: Process and Paradox in the Development of New Agricultural Antimicrobial Regulations. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 22 (4):479-489.
    There is currently great controversy over the contribution antimicrobial use in animal agriculture has made to antimicrobial resistance in pathogenic bacteria with negative consequences for human health. In light of this, the approval process for antimicrobials used in US animal agriculture, known as New Animal Drug Application or NADA, is currently being revised by the federal government. We explore the public deliberations over the development of these new policies focusing our attention on the interaction between pharmaceutical companies and the U.S. (...)
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  31. Gemma Robles, José M. Méndez & Francisco Salto (2010). A Modal Restriction of R-Mingle with the Variable-Sharing Property. Logic and Logical Philosophy 19 (4):341-351.
    A restriction of R-Mingle with the variable-sharing property and the Ackermann properties is defined. From an intuitive semantical point of view, this restriction is an alternative to Anderson and Belnap’s logic of entailment E.
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  32.  8
    Subrata Chakrabarty & Liang Wang (2012). The Long-Term Sustenance of Sustainability Practices in MNCs: A Dynamic Capabilities Perspective of the Role of R&D and Internationalization. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 110 (2):205-217.
    What allows MNCs to maintain their sustainability practices over the long-term? This is an important but under-examined question. To address this question, we investigate both the development and sustenance of sustainability practices. We use the dynamic capabilities perspective, rooted in resource-based view literature, as the theoretical basis. We argue that MNCs that simultaneously pursue both higher R&D intensity and higher internationalization are more capable of developing and maintaining sustainability practices. We test our hypotheses using longitudinal panel data from 1989 to (...)
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  33. Charles R. Pigden (1990). Ought-Implies-Can: Erasmus Luther and R.M. Hare. Sophia 29 (1):2-30.
    l. There is an antinomy in Hare's thought between Ought-Implies-Can and No-Indicatives-from-Imperatives. It cannot be resolved by drawing a distinction between implication and entailment. 2. Luther resolved this antinomy in the l6th century, but to understand his solution, we need to understand his problem. He thought the necessity of Divine foreknowledge removed contingency from human acts, thus making it impossible for sinners to do otherwise than sin. 3. Erasmus objected (on behalf of Free Will) that this violates Ought-Implies-Can which he (...)
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  34.  34
    James Tabery (2008). R. A. Fisher, Lancelot Hogben, and the Origin(s) of Genotype-Environment Interaction. Journal of the History of Biology 41 (4):717 - 761.
    This essay examines the origin(s) of genotype-environment interaction, or G×E. "Origin(s)" and not "the origin" because the thesis is that there were actually two distinct concepts of G×E at this beginning: a biometric concept, or \[G \times E_B\] , and a developmental concept, or \[G \times E_D \] . R. A. Fisher, one of the founders of population genetics and the creator of the statistical analysis of variance, introduced the biometric concept as he attempted to resolve one of the main (...)
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  35.  87
    Steffen Lempp, André Nies & D. Reed Solomon (2001). On the Filter of Computably Enumerable Supersets of an R-Maximal Set. Archive for Mathematical Logic 40 (6):415-423.
    We study the filter ℒ*(A) of computably enumerable supersets (modulo finite sets) of an r-maximal set A and show that, for some such set A, the property of being cofinite in ℒ*(A) is still Σ0 3-complete. This implies that for this A, there is no uniformly computably enumerable “tower” of sets exhausting exactly the coinfinite sets in ℒ*(A).
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  36.  48
    A. H. Louie (2006). (M,R)-Systems and Their Realizations. Axiomathes 16 (1-2):35-64.
    Robert Rosen’s (M,R)-systems are a class of relational models that define organisms. The realization of relational models plays a central role in his study of life, itself. Biology becomes identified with the class of material realizations of a certain kind of relational organization, exhibited in (M,R)-systems. In this paper I describe several realizations of (M,R)-systems, and in particular alternate realizations of the replication component.
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  37.  13
    Desh Raj Sirswal, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar: A Modern Indian Philosopher.
    Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is one of the names that changed social order of the age-old tradition of suppression and humiliation. He was an intellectual, scholar & statesman and contributed greatly in the nation building. He led a number of movements to emancipate the downtrodden masses and to secure human rights to millions of depressed classes. He has left an indelible imprint through his immense contribution in framing the modern Constitution of free India. He stands as a symbol of struggle for (...)
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  38. Charles H. Pence (2011). “Describing Our Whole Experience”: The Statistical Philosophies of W. F. R. Weldon and Karl Pearson. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (4):475-485.
    There are two motivations commonly ascribed to historical actors for taking up statistics: to reduce complicated data to a mean value (e.g., Quetelet), and to take account of diversity (e.g., Galton). Different motivations will, it is assumed, lead to different methodological decisions in the practice of the statistical sciences. Karl Pearson and W. F. R. Weldon are generally seen as following directly in Galton’s footsteps. I argue for two related theses in light of this standard interpretation, based on a reading (...)
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  39.  27
    Eunsuk Yang (2013). R and Relevance Principle Revisited. Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (5):767-782.
    This paper first shows that some versions of the logic R of Relevance do not satisfy the relevance principle introduced by Anderson and Belnap, the principle of which is generally accepted as the principle for relevance. After considering several possible (but defective) improvements of the relevance principle, this paper presents a new relevance principle for (three versions of) R, and explains why this principle is better than the original and others.
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  40.  7
    Desh Raj Sirswal, The Role of Religious and Spiritual Values in Shaping Humanity (A Study of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s Religious Philosophy).
    Values are an important part of human existence, his society and human relations. All social, economic, political, and religious problems are in one sense is reflection of this special abstraction of human knowledge. We are living in a globalized village and thinking much about values rather than practice of it. If we define religion and spirituality we can say that religion is a set of beliefs and rituals that claim to get a person in a right relationship with God, and (...)
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  41.  4
    Kevin Schilbrack (2012). Assessing Wesley Wildman's Religious Philosophy as Multidisciplinary Comparative Inquiry. Sophia 51 (2):303-309.
    Wesley Wildman is one of the foremost philosophers of religion calling for the evolution of the discipline from its present narrow focus on theistic beliefs to become a discipline concerned with religions in all their diversity. Towards this end, he proposes that philosophers of religion understand what they do as multidisciplinary comparative inquiry. This article assesses his proposal.
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  42.  24
    Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin & Shyama V. Ramani (2004). Does Trust Matter for R&D Cooperation? A Game Theoretic Examination. Theory and Decision 57 (2):143-180.
    The game theoretical approach to R&D cooperation does not investigate the role of trust in the initiation and success of R&D cooperation: it either assumes that firms are non-opportunists or that the R&D cooperation is supported by an incentive mechanism that eliminates opportunism. In contrast, the present paper focuses on these issues by introducing incomplete information and two types of firms: opportunist and non-opportunist. Defining trust as the belief of each firm that its potential collaborator will respect the contract, it (...)
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  43.  15
    Yanping Liu (2015). Skopos Theory and Legal Translation: A Case Study of Examples From the Criminal Law of the P.R.C. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 28 (1):125-133.
    Legal translation has become a principal means to unfold Chinese laws to the world in the global era and the study of it has proved to be of practical significance. Since the proper theory guidance is the key to the quality of LT translation, this paper focuses on the Skopos theory and the strategies applied in the practice of LT. A case study of LT examples from the Criminal Law of the P.R.C. has been made while briefly reviewing the Skopos (...)
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  44.  5
    David A. Hollinger (1975). Morris R. Cohen and the Scientific Ideal. MIT Press.
    This is Hollinger's book on the life and work of the American philosopher of science Morris R. Cohen.
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  45. David Boucher, James Connelly, Tariq Modood & R. G. Collingwood Society (1995). Philosophy, History and Civilization Interdisciplinary Perspectives on R.G. Collingwood. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  46.  6
    Keith Haartman (2007). Religious Ecstasy and Personality Transformation in John Wesley's Methodism: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 29 (1):3-35.
    This paper examines the contemplative techniques that comprised wesley's method of spiritual transformation. By employing a psychoanalytic perspective that explains the pastoral effectiveness of the method, I claim that Wesley's view of spiritual growth was therapeutic and transformative as measured by contemporary clinical standards. Wesley's developmental model involved a series of spiritual phases each characterized by techniques and meditations that culminated in sanctification, a cognitive-emotional transformation marked by the eradication of sinful temptations and the perfection of altruism. (...)
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  47.  2
    Cameron R. Peterson & Wesley M. Ducharme (1967). A Primacy Effect in Subjective Probability Revision. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (1):61.
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  48.  17
    Helen E. Lees (2012). Is R.S. Peters' Way of Mentioning Women in His Texts Detrimental to Philosophy of Education? Some Considerations and Questions. Ethics and Education 7 (3):291-302.
    . Is R.S. Peters' way of mentioning women in his texts detrimental to philosophy of education? Some considerations and questions. Ethics and Education: Vol. 7, Creating spaces, pp. 291-302. doi: 10.1080/17449642.2013.767002.
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  49.  35
    David Sloan Wilson (1999). A Critique of R.D. Alexander's Views on Group Selection. Biology and Philosophy 14 (3):431-449.
    Group selection is increasingly being viewed as an important force in human evolution. This paper examines the views of R.D. Alexander, one of the most influential thinkers about human behavior from an evolutionary perspective, on the subject of group selection. Alexander's general conception of evolution is based on the gene-centered approach of G.C. Williams, but he has also emphasized a potential role for group selection in the evolution of individual genomes and in human evolution. Alexander's views are internally inconsistent and (...)
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  50.  9
    Guido Vanheeswijck (1992). Metafysica AlS een historische discipline: De actualiteit Van R.g. Collingwoods „hervormde metafysica”. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 54 (1):42 - 69.
    Both in An Autobiography and in An Essay on Metaphysics R.G. Collingwood defines the study of metaphysics as primarily at any time an attempt to discover the absolute presuppositions of thinking and secondarily as an attempt to discover the corresponding absolute presuppositions of other peoples and other times, and to follow the historical process by which one set of presuppositions has turned into another. In addition, he states that the distinction between what is true and what is false does not (...)
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