Search results for 'Western' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jeremy Northcote & Abel D. Alonso (2011). Factors Underlying Farm Diversification: The Case of Western Australia's Olive Farmers. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 28 (2):237-246.
    The growth of niche markets in rural industries has been one response to the restructuring of established agricultural industries in developed countries. In some cases entry into niche markets is part of a diversification of activities from other areas of farm-based production or services. In other cases, operators have sought to diversify from niche market production into other areas, such as on-site selling and agritourism. This paper outlines the findings of an exploratory qualitative study of the factors that olive farmers (...)
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  2. David Skrbina (2003). Panpsychism as an Underlying Theme in Western Philosophy: A Survey Paper. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (3):4-46.
    Panpsychism is the view that all things have a mind, or a mind-like quality. Contrary to the common view that panpsychism is a fringe or 'absurd' theory of mind, it in fact has a long and noble tradition within western philosophy. In the forms of animism and polytheism, panpsychism was the dominant view for most if not all of the pre-historical era. In the early years of western thought it was widely accepted though not often explicitly argued for. (...)
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  3.  30
    Jonathan Dollimore (1998). Death, Desire, and Loss in Western Culture. Routledge.
    From Odysseus' seduction by the song of the Sirens to Oscar Moore's 1991 novel A Matter of Life and Sex , whose protagonist courts death through sex and dies of AIDS, the frustrated relationship between death and desire has fixated the Western imagination. Philosophers have grappled with it and poets have told of its beauty and pain. In this strikingly original work, cultural critic Jonathan Dollimore once again demonstrates his remarkable ability to take on the complex and reveal its (...)
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  4.  20
    Jörn Rüsen (ed.) (2002). Western Historical Thinking: An Intercultural Debate. Berghahn Books.
    In this volume, Peter Burke, a prominent "Western" historian, offers ten hypotheses that attempt to constitute specifically "Western Historical Thinking".
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  5.  22
    James R. Veteto (2008). The History and Survival of Traditional Heirloom Vegetable Varieties in the Southern Appalachian Mountains of Western North Carolina. Agriculture and Human Values 25 (1):121-134.
    Southern Appalachia is unique among agroecological regions of the American South because of the diverse environmental conditions caused by its mountain ecology, the geographic and commercial isolation of the region, and the relative cultural autonomy of the people that live there. Those three criteria, combined with a rich agricultural history and the continuance of the homegardening tradition, make southern Appalachia an area of relatively high crop biodiversity in America. This study investigated the history and survival of traditional heirloom vegetable crops (...)
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  6.  52
    Weihua Niu & Robert J. Sternberg (2006). The Philosophical Roots of Western and Eastern Conceptions of Creativity. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 26 (1-2):18-38.
    This essay reviews the philosophical roots and the development of the concept of creativity in the West and East. In particular, two conceptions of creativity that originated in the West--divinely inspired creativity and individual creativity--are discussed and compared to the two Eastern conceptions of creativity that are rooted in ancient Chinese philosophical thought--natural and individual creativity. Both Western and Eastern conceptions of individual creativity come from a theistic or cosmic tradition of either divinely inspired or natural creativity. However, a (...)
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  7.  9
    David Carrier (2012). Chinese Art: How Different Could It Be From Western Painting? History and Theory 51 (1):116-122.
    ABSTRACTWhen encountering something unfamiliar, it is natural to describe and understand it by reference to what is familiar. Commentary on Chinese landscape painting usually relies heavily upon analogies with Western art. James Elkins, concerned to understand the implications of this procedure, asks whether in seeing and writing about this art we ever can escape our Western perspectives. His problem is not just that he himself does not know Chinese. Even bilingual specialists or native Chinese speakers employ this vocabulary, (...)
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  8.  13
    Riccardo Baldissone (2013). Chaos Beyond Order: Overcoming the Quest for Certainty and Conservation in Modern Western Sciences. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 9 (1):35-49.
    Chaos theory not only stretched the concept of chaos well beyond its traditional semantic boundaries, but it also challenged fundamental tenets of physics and science in general. Hence, its present and potential impact on the Western worldview cannot be underestimated. I will illustrate the relevance of chaos theory in regard to modern Western thought by tracing the concept of order, which modern thinkers emphasised as chaos’ dichotomic counterpart. In particular, I will underline how the concern of seventeenth-century natural (...)
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  9.  8
    Gotlind B. Ulshöfer (2000). A Whiteheadian Business Ethics and the Western Hemisphere. Journal of Business Ethics 23 (1):67 - 71.
    The first part of my presentation is a short outline of how a feminist, process-oriented, i.e. in a Whiteheadian tradition, business ethics may look like. In the second part, I want to apply this approach in the field of American foreign trade policy concerning the extension of the North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA) to a free trade zone of the Western Hemisphere. I want to focus on ethical problems for the business of the Free Trade Area of the (...)
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  10.  11
    Danielle Endres (2013). Animist Intersubjectivity as Argumentation: Western Shoshone and Southern Paiute Arguments Against a Nuclear Waste Site at Yucca Mountain. [REVIEW] Argumentation 27 (2):183-200.
    My focus in this essay is Shoshone and Paiute arguments against the Yucca Mountain site that claim that because Yucca Mountain is a culturally significant sacred place it should not be used to store nuclear waste. Within this set of arguments for the cultural value of Yucca Mountain, I focus on arguments that claim that the proposed nuclear waste site will damage Yucca Mountain and its ecosystem—the mountain, plants, and animals themselves. These arguments assume that Yucca Mountain and its ecosystem (...)
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  11.  10
    Song Tian (2011). A Study of Experiential Technology and Scientific Technology, Exemplified by Chinese and Western Medicine. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (2):298-315.
    Experience and science, being the two sources of technology, have different focuses. In experiential technology, techniques and skills are emphasized while in scientific technology tool or equipment. Experiential technology is generally regarded as local knowledge, and scientific technology universal. Traditional Chinese medicine is an experiential technology. In contrast, Western medicine is set up as a scientific technology with great efforts. Through the comparison of these two medicines, this paper attempts to illustrate the difference between the two technologies and in (...)
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  12.  4
    Graham Oppy (2012). Western Philosophy. In Charles Taliaferro, Victoria Harrison & Stewart Goetz (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Theism. Routledge 11.
    This chapter provides a quick sketch of the history of western philosophy of religion as it bears on theism.
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  13.  11
    Yozan Dirk Mosig (2006). Conceptions of the Self in Western and Eastern Psychology. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 26 (1-2):39-50.
    The concept of the self in Western psychology derives primarily from the work of Freud, Jung, and Rogers. To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. The Buddhist notion of self circumvents reification, being an impermanent gestalt formed by the interaction of five skandhas or aggregates . Each skandha is in turn a transient pattern formed by the interaction of (...)
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  14. John Carroll (2008). The Wreck of Western Culture: Humanism Revisited. Isi Books.
    _“Features pugnacious prose, expository skillfulness, transgressive wisdom, and mental verve.”_ _ —_The Weekly Standard__ _ __“A passionate, imaginative, richly detailed interpretation of the spiritual history of the modern West.” _ —__BookForum____ _ _Australian sociologist John Carroll turns received wisdom on its head in this brilliant, provocative, and sweeping book. Humanism is commonly credited with building Western civilization as we know it—bringing about democracy, universal rights, and prosperity. But Carroll argues that “the great five-hundred year Humanist experiment to found an (...)
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  15. Graham Oppy & N. N. Trakakis (2013). Ancient Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western Philosophy of Religion, Volume 1. Routledge.
    The origins of the Western philosophical tradition lie in the ancient Greco-Roman world. This volume provides a unique insight into the life and writings of a diverse group of philosophers in antiquity and presents the latest thinking on their views on God, the gods, religious belief and practice. Beginning with the 'pre-Socratics', the volume then explores the influential contributions made to the Western philosophy of religion by the three towering figures of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. The chapters that (...)
     
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  16. Graham Oppy & N. N. Trakakis (2013). Ancient Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western Philosophy of Religion, Volume 1. Routledge.
    The origins of the Western philosophical tradition lie in the ancient Greco-Roman world. This volume provides a unique insight into the life and writings of a diverse group of philosophers in antiquity and presents the latest thinking on their views on God, the gods, religious belief and practice. Beginning with the 'pre-Socratics', the volume then explores the influential contributions made to the Western philosophy of religion by the three towering figures of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. The chapters that (...)
     
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  17. Graham Oppy & N. N. Trakakis (2013). Medieval Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western Philosophy of Religion, Volume 2. Routledge.
    The Medieval period was one of the richest eras for the philosophical study of religion. Covering the period from the 6th to the 16th century, reaching into the Renaissance, "The History of Western Philosophy of Religion 2" shows how Christian, Islamic and Jewish thinkers explicated and defended their religious faith in light of the philosophical traditions they inherited from the ancient Greeks and Romans. The enterprise of 'faith seeking understanding', as it was dubbed by the medievals themselves, emerges as (...)
     
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  18. Graham Oppy & N. N. Trakakis (2013). Medieval Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western Philosophy of Religion, Volume 2. Routledge.
    This is the second of five volumes in our History of Western Philosophy of Religion. It covers the Medieval period,and includes chapters on: Boethius; John Scottus; Al-Farabi; Avicenna; Anselm; Bernard of Clairvaux; Averroes; Maimonides; Bacon; Aquinas; Duns Scotus; Ockham; Gersonides; Wyclif; Nicholas of Cusa; Erasmus.
     
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  19. Graham Oppy & N. N. Trakakis (2013). Nineteenth-Century Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western Philosophy of Religion, Volume 4. Routledge.
    This is the fourth volume in our five volume history of western philosophy of religion. It covers the nineteenth century, and includes chapters on: Fichte; Schleiermacher; Hegel; Schelling; Schopenhauer; Comte; Newman; Emerson; Feuerbach; Mill; Darwin; Kierkegaard; Marx; Engels; Dilthey; Edward Caird; Nietzche; Royce; Freud; and Durkheim.
     
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  20. Graham Oppy & N. N. Trakakis (2014). The History of Western Philosophy of Religion, Five Volume Set: V.1 Ancient Philosophy and Religion: V.2 Medieval Philosophy and Religion: V.3 Early Modern Philosophy and Religion: V.4 Nineteenth-Century Philosophy and Religion: V.5 Twentieth-Century Philosophy and Religion. [REVIEW] Routledge.
    'The History of Western Philosophy of Religion' brings together an international team of over 100 leading scholars to provide authoritative exposition of how history's most important philosophical thinkers - from antiquity to the present day - have sought to analyse the concepts and tenets central to Western religious belief, especially Christianity. Divided chronologically into five volumes, 'The History of Western Philosophy of Religion' is designed to be accessible to a wide range of readers, from the scholar looking (...)
     
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  21. Graham Oppy & N. N. Trakakis (eds.) (2009). The History of Western Philosophy of Religion, Five Volume Set: V.1 Ancient Philosophy and Religion: V.2 Medieval Philosophy and Religion: V.3 Early Modern Philosophy and Religion: V.4 Nineteenth-Century Philosophy and Religion: V.5 Twentieth-Century Philosophy and Religion. [REVIEW] Routledge.
    An international team of over 100 leading scholars has been brought together to provide authoritative exposition of how history's most important philosophical thinkers - fron antiquity to the present day - have sought to analyse the concepts and tenets central to Western religious belief, especially Christianity. Divided, chronologically, into five volumes, _The History of Western Philosophy of Religion_ is designed to be accessible to a wide range of readers, from the scholar looking for original insight and the latest (...)
     
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  22.  3
    Graham Oppy & Nick Trakakis (eds.) (2009). The History of Western Philosophy of Religion. Acumen.
    Five-volume history of western philosophy of religion. 106 chapters, each focused on a significant figure in the history of western philosophy of religion. The chapters--and the volumes--are arranged chronologically. -/- CONTENTS: Volume 1: Ancient Philosophy and Religion Introduction, Georg Boys-Stones; 1. Pythagoras, Constantinos Macris; 2. Xenophanes, James H. Lesher; 3. Socrates and Plato, Mark McPherran; 4. Aristotle, Sarah Broadie; 5. Epicurus, John Penwill; 6. The Stoics, Tad Brennan; 7. Cicero, Margaret Graver; 8. Philo of Alexandria, David T. Runia; (...)
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  23. Graham Oppy & N. N. Trakakis (2014). Twentieth-Century Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western Philosophy of Religion, Volume 5. Routledge.
    The fifth of the five volumes in our History of Western Philosophy of Religion. This volume deals with Western philosophy of religion in the twentieth century. It contains chapters on: James; Bergson; Whitehead; Hartshorne; Dewey; Russell; Scheler; Buber; Maritain; Jaspers; Tillich; Barth; Wittgenstein; Heidegger; Levinas; Weil; Ayer; Alston; Hick; Daly; Derrida; Plantinga; and Swinburne.
     
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  24.  9
    Jens Zimmermann (2012). Humanism and Religion: A Call for the Renewal of Western Culture. OUP Oxford.
    Jens Zimmermann suggests that the West can rearticulate its identity and renew its cultural purpose by recovering the humanistic ethos that originally shaped Western culture. He traces the religious roots of humanism, and combines humanism, religion and hermeneutic philosophy to re-imagine humanism for our current cultural and intellectual climate.
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  25.  9
    Joseph Fracchia (2013). The Philosophical Leninism and Eastern 'Western Marxism' of Georg Lukács. Historical Materialism 21 (1):69-93.
  26.  49
    Alan Padgett (2010). Science and Religion in Western History: Models and Relationships. In Science and Religion in Dialogue. Wiley-Blackwell 847--861.
    This chapter contains sections titled: * An Overview of Historical Approaches * Simplicity, Complexity, Modesty * Historical Developments * Recent Developments * Contemporary Proposals * Notes * Bibliography.
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  27.  6
    Pierre Effa, Achille Massougbodji, Francine Ntoumi, François Hirsch, Henri Debois, Marissa Vicari, Assetou Derme, Jacques Ndemanga-kamoune, Joseph Nguembo, Benido Impouma, Jean-paul Akué, Armand Ehouman, Alioune Dieye & Wen Kilama (2007). Ethics Committees in Western and Central Africa: Concrete Foundations. Developing World Bioethics 7 (3):136–142.
    The involvement of developing countries in international clinical trials is necessary for the development of appropriate medicines fo.
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  28. Ziauddin Sardar (1998). Postmodernism and the Other the New Imperialism of Western Culture. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  29. Arthur Herman (1997). The Idea of Decline in Western History. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  30.  29
    Kevin Anderson (1992). Lenin, Hegel and Western Marxism: From the 1920s to 1953. Studies in East European Thought 44 (2):79-129.
  31. Brian Morris (1991). Western Conceptions of the Individual. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  32.  2
    Guo Zhaodi (2012). Wisdom and Knowledge: The Outline of Eastern and Western Aesthetic Spirits. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 7 (1):90-111.
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  33. J. William Angell & Robert Meredith Helm (1981). Meaning and Value in Western Thought a History of Ideas in Western Culture. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  34. David Burge (2008). A Brief History of Western Thought. Chelsea Books.
     
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  35. Denis de Rougemont (1957). Man's Western Quest the Principles of Civilization. Allen & Unwin.
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  36. Edgar L. Eckfeldt (2011). The Christian Legacy: Taming Brutish Human Nature in Western Civilization. Life Wisdom Books.
    A people divided -- Impact of science -- The physical world and its life forms -- Human beginnings -- Our animal instincts -- An inward look -- Emergence of civilization -- Flaws in civilizations -- Brutal despair in ancient Rome -- Persistent cruelty -- The search for ethics in antiquity -- Ecclesiastical search for ethics in Christianity -- The Gospel's ethical impact -- Ethical impact in multi-invaded Britannia -- Ethical impact in seeking freedom -- Rather humanitarian Britain -- Rather humanitarian (...)
     
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  37. D. W. Hamlyn (1990). The Penguin History of Western Philosophy. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  38. H. Richard Niebuhr (1960). Radical Monotheism and Western Civilization. Lincoln, University of Nebraska.
     
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  39. Graham Oppy & N. N. Trakakis (2013). Nineteenth-Century Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western Philosophy of Religion, Volume 4. Routledge.
    The nineteenth century was a turbulent period in the history of the philosophical scrutiny of religion. Major scholars - such as Hegel, Fichte, Schelling, Newman, Caird and Royce - sought to construct systematic responses to the Enlightenment critiques of religion carried out by Spinoza and Hume. At the same time, new critiques of religion were launched by philosophers such as Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and by scholars engaged in textual criticism, such as Schleiermacher and Dilthey. Over the course of the century, (...)
     
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  40. Graham Oppy & N. N. Trakakis (2013). Twentieth-Century Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western Philosophy of Religion, Volume 5. Routledge.
    The twentieth century saw religion challenged by the rise of science and secularism, a confrontation which resulted in an astonishingly diverse range of philosophical views about religion and religious belief. Many of the major philosophers of the twentieth century - James, Bergson, Russell, Wittgenstein, Ayer, Heidegger, and Derrida - significantly engaged with religious thought. Idiosyncratic thinkers, such as Whitehead, Levinas and Weil, further contributed to the extraordinary diversity of philosophical investigation of religion across the century. In their turn, leading theologians (...)
     
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  41. Graham Oppy & N. N. Trakakis (2013). Twentieth-Century Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western Philosophy of Religion, Volume 5. Routledge.
    The twentieth century saw religion challenged by the rise of science and secularism, a confrontation which resulted in an astonishingly diverse range of philosophical views about religion and religious belief. Many of the major philosophers of the twentieth century - James, Bergson, Russell, Wittgenstein, Ayer, Heidegger, and Derrida - significantly engaged with religious thought. Idiosyncratic thinkers, such as Whitehead, Levinas and Weil, further contributed to the extraordinary diversity of philosophical investigation of religion across the century. In their turn, leading theologians (...)
     
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  42. W. M. Spellman (2011). A Short History of Western Political Thought. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Machine generated contents note: -- Introduction: Civil Society and Human Flourishing -- City States and Republics, c.400 BCE-400 -- Heavenly Mandates, 400-1500 -- The Emergence of the Sovereign State, 1500-1700 -- From Subject to Citizen, 1700-1815 -- Ideology and Equality, 1815-1914 -- Breakdown and Uncertainty, 1914-2010 -- Conclusion -- Endnotes -- Index.
     
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  43. Darren Staloff, Louis Markos, Jeremy duQuesnay Adams, Phillip Cary, Dennis Dalton, Alan Charles Kors, Jeremy Shearmur, Robert C. Solomon, Robert Kane, Kathleen Marie Higgins, Mark W. Risjord & Douglas Kellner (eds.) (2000). Great Minds of the Western Intellectual Tradition. Teaching Co..
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  44.  27
    S. Bordo (2004). Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture, and the Body. University of California Press.
    Feminism, Western Culture, and the Body Susan Bordo. Tiegs, Cheryl, 163 Timaeus (Plato), 34 Time, 193, 268, 269 Tom Jones, 110, 116-17 Torture, public, 143 Totalization, and "difference," 259, 260 Toys, children's, 263 Transcendence, 4, ...
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  45. Rolando Gripaldo (2009). Filipino Philosophy: A Western Tradition in an Eastern Setting. In Rolando M. Gripaldo (ed.), The Making of a Filipino Philosopher and Other Essays. National Book Store
    In tracing historically the development of Filipino philosophy as traditionally conceived, the author discovered that the early Filipino philosophers were Enlightenment thinkers. This was the direct consequence of the Filipino colonial experience and the explanation why the trajectory of Filipino philosophy is basically Western in orientation.
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  46. Christian Thomas Kohl (2012). Pratityasamutpada in Eastern and Western Modes of Thought. International Association of Buddhist Universities 4 (2012):68-80.
    Nagarjuna and Quantum physics. Eastern and Western Modes of Thought. Summary. The key terms. 1. Key term: ‘Emptiness’. The Indian philosopher Nagarjuna is known in the history of Buddhism mainly by his keyword ‘sunyata’. This word is translated into English by the word ‘emptiness’. The translation and the traditional interpretations create the impression that Nagarjuna declares the objects as empty or illusionary or not real or not existing. What is the assertion and concrete statement made by this interpretation? That (...)
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  47.  22
    Kristie Miller (forthcoming). A Taxonomy of Views About Time in Buddhist and Western Philosophy. Philosophy East and West.
    We find the claim that time is not real in both western and eastern philosophical traditions. In what follows I will call the view that time does not exist temporal error theory. Temporal error theory was made famous in western analytic philosophy in the early 1900s by John McTaggart (1908) and, in much the same tradition, temporal error theory was subsequently defended by Gödel (1949). The idea that time is not real, however, stretches back much further than that. (...)
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  48.  13
    Karen J. Warren (2000). Ecofeminist Philosophy: A Western Perspective on What It is and Why It Matters. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    A philosophical exploration of the nature, scope, and significance of ecofeminist theory and practice. This book presents the key issues, concepts, and arguments which motivate and sustain ecofeminism from a western philosophical perspective.
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  49.  33
    Kevin Anderson (2010). Marx at the Margins: On Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Non-Western Societies. The University of Chicago Press.
    Colonial encounters in the 1850s: the European impact on India, Indonesia, and China -- Russia and Poland: the relationship of national emancipation to revolution -- Race, class, and slavery: the Civil War as a second American revolution -- Ireland: nationalism, class, and the labor movement -- From the Grundrisse to Capital: multilinear themes -- Late writings on non-western and precapitalist societies -- Conclusion -- Appendix: the vicissitudes of the Marx-Engels Gesamtausgabe from the 1920s to today.
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  50.  47
    Pierre Pica, Stanislas Dehaene, Elizabeth Spelke & Véronique Izard (2008). Log or Linear? Distinct Intuitions of the Number Scale in Western and Amazonian Indigene Cultures. Science 320 (5880):1217-1220.
    The mapping of numbers onto space is fundamental to measurement and to mathematics. Is this mapping a cultural invention or a universal intuition shared by all humans regardless of culture and education? We probed number-space mappings in the Mundurucu, an Amazonian indigene group with a reduced numerical lexicon and little or no formal education. At all ages, the Mundurucu mapped symbolic and nonsymbolic numbers onto a logarithmic scale, whereas Western adults used linear mapping with small or symbolic numbers and (...)
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