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  1. Whitley R. P. Kaufman (forthcoming). Does Animal Ethics Need a Darwinian Revolution? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-12.
    A frequent argument is that Darwin’s theory of evolution has or should revolutionize our conception of the relation between humans and animals, though society has yet to take account of that revolution in our treatment of animals. On this view, after Darwin demonstrated the essential continuity of humans and animals, traditional morality must be rejected as speciesist in seeing humans as fundamentally distinct from other animals. In fact, the argument is of dubious merit. While there is plenty of room for (...)
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  2. Whitley Kaufman (2014). Review Thoreau's Importance for Philosophy Furtak Rick Anthony Ellsworth Jonathan Reid James D. Fordham UP New York. The Pluralist 9 (1):114-118.
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  3. Whitley Kaufman (2014). Thoreau's Importance for Philosophy Ed. By Rick Anthony Furtak, Jonathan Ellsworth, and James D. Reid (Review). The Pluralist 9 (1):114-118.
    Henry David Thoreau’s legacy as a major figure in the American tradition seems assured. Though largely ignored in his own day, his book Walden is now considered an American classic, and the site of his cabin at Walden Pond is a regular pilgrimage destination for tourists. Yet less clear is how to characterize Thoreau and his contribution to American thought: Is he a naturalist? A literary figure? A social critic? A transcendentalist? Thoreau’s Importance for Philosophy makes the argument that Thoreau (...)
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  4. Whitley Kaufman (2014). The Truth About Originalism. The Pluralist 9 (1):39-54.
    Despite its relatively small number of advocates, the theory of constitutional interpretation known as “Originalism” continues to enjoy an out-sized influence in the United States. Originalists themselves like to say that “we are all Originalists now,” and claim that their theory has become the obvious, unstated position of all responsible lawyers, judges, and politicians. Indeed, they say, how could anyone deny the truth of Originalism, if all it means is that we as judges, lawyers, and citizens are bound to follow (...)
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  5. Whitley Kaufman (2013). Peter Barry , Evil and Moral Psychology . Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 33 (5):343-345.
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  6. Whitley R. P. Kaufman (2013). E.J. Michael Witzel, The Origins of the World's Mythologies. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013, 688 Pp. ISBN: 9780199812851. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 8 (3):518-523.
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  7. Richard Kenneth Atkins, Adam Glover, Katie Terezakis, Whitley Kaufman, Steven Levine, Seth Vannatta, Aaron Massecar, Robert Main & Jerome A. Stone (2012). Front Matter Front Matter (Pp. I-Iv). The Pluralist 7 (2).
     
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  8. Whitley Kaufman (2012). Can Science Determine Moral Values? A Reply to Sam Harris. Neuroethics 5 (1):55-65.
    Sam Harris’ new book “The Moral Landscape” is the latest in a series of attempts to provide a new “science of morality.” This essay argues that such a project is unlikely to succeed, using Harris’ text as an example of the major philosophical problems that would be faced by any such theory. In particular, I argue that those trying to construct a scientific ethics need pay far more attention to the tradition of moral philosophy, rather than assuming the debate is (...)
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  9. Whitley Kaufman (2012). Ethics: Twelve Lectures on the Philosophy of Morality (Review). The Pluralist 7 (2):77-81.
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  10. Whitley Kaufman (2012). George Levine, Ed. , The Joy of Secularism . Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 32 (4):300-303.
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  11. Whitley Kaufman (2012). Review Ethics: Twelve Lectures on the Philosophy of Morality Wiggins David Harvard UP Cambridge. The Pluralist 7 (2):77-81.
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  12. Whitley Kaufman (2011). Understanding Honor. Social Theory and Practice 37 (4):557-573.
    The concept of honor continues to be among the most widely misunderstood of human ideals. It has long been claimed that honor is an essentially external ideal, motivated by shame at one's appearance before others rather than an inward sense of guilt, the implication being that honor is a superficial moral ideal and one superseded by the higher ideal of the moral conscience. This account does not, however, stand up to scrutiny; honor is a genuinely "internal" value as much as (...)
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  13. Whitley Kaufman (2011). William Lad Sessions , Honor For Us: A Philosophical Analysis, Interpretation, and Defense . Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 31 (6):458-460.
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  14. Whitley Kaufman (2010). Christopher Bennett, The Apology Ritual: A Philosophical Theory of Punishment Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 30 (1):6-7.
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  15. Whitley Kaufman (2010). John R. Shook and Paul Kurtz, Eds., The Future of Naturalism. Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 30 (5):379-381.
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  16. Whitley Kaufman (2010). McMahan, Jeff . Killing in War . New York: Oxford University Press, 2009 . Pp. 250. $35.00 (Cloth). Ethics 120 (2):399-404.
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  17. Whitley Kaufman (2010). Self-Defense, Innocent Aggressors, and the Duty of Martyrdom. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 91 (1):78-96.
    On the traditional doctrine of self-defense, defensive force is permissible not only against Culpable Aggressors but against Innocent Aggressors as well (for example, psychotic aggressors). Some moral philosophers have recently challenged this view, arguing that one may not harm innocent attackers because morality requires culpability as an essential condition of being liable to defensive force. This essay examines and rejects this challenge as both a violation of common sense and as insufficiently grounded in convincing reasons from moral theory.
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  18. Whitleym R. P. Kaufman (2010). Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Morality Without God Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 30 (3):230-231.
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  19. Whitley Kaufman (2009). Douglas Husak, Overcriminalization: The Limits of the Criminal Law. Philosophy in Review 29 (3):192.
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  20. Whitley Kaufman (2009). George P. Fletcher, The Grammar of Criminal Law Vol. 1: Foundations. Philosophy in Review 29 (1):27.
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  21. Whitley Kaufman (2009). TA Cavanaugh, Double-Effect Reasoning Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 28 (2):94-96.
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  22. Whitley R. P. Kaufman (2009). The Paradox of Self-Defense: Saving Oneself by Harming Another. Lexington Books.
    Introduction -- The principles of self-defense -- The leading theories of self-defense -- The doctrine of double effect -- Double effect and common sense morality -- Can double effect justify self-defense? -- Conclusion: Justifying self-defense.
     
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  23. Whitley Kaufman (2008). Torture and the "Distributive Justice" Theory of Self-Defense: An Assessment. Ethics and International Affairs 22 (1):93–115.
  24. Whitley Kaufman (2008). The Rise and Fall of the Mixed Theory of Punishment. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (1):37-57.
    In the middle of the twentieth century, many philosophers came to believe that the problem of morally justifying punishment had finally been solved. Defended most famously by Hart and Rawls, the so-called “Mixed Theory” of punishment claimed that justifying punishment required recognizing that the utilitarian and retributive theories were in fact answers to two different questions: utilitarianism answered the question of why we have punishment as an institution, while retribution answered the question of how to punish individual wrongdoers. We could (...)
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  25. Whitley Kaufman, At Nuyen & Stephen Kershnar (2008). Symposium on Punishment. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (1).
     
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  26. Whitley R. P. Kaufman (2007). Karma, Rebirth, and the Problem of Evil: A Reply to Critics. Philosophy East and West 57 (4):556-560.
    The doctrine of karma and rebirth is often praised for its ability to offer a successful solution to the Problem of Evil. This essay evaluates such a claim by considering whether the doctrine can function as a systematic theodicy, as an explanation of all human suffering in terms of wrongs done in either this or past lives. This purported answer to the Problem of Evil must face a series of objections, including the problem of any lack of memory of past (...)
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  27. Whitley Kaufman (2006). James Hillman's A Terrible Love of War Chris Hedges' War Is A Force That Gives Us Meaning and Barbara Ehrenreich's Blood Rites. Journal of Military Ethics 5 (1):67-73.
    (2006). James Hillman's A Terrible Love of War Chris Hedges’ War Is A Force That Gives Us Meaning and Barbara Ehrenreich's Blood Rites. Journal of Military Ethics: Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 67-73.
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  28. Whitley Kaufman (2005). What's Wrong with Preventive War? The Moral and Legal Basis for the Preventive Use of Force. Ethics and International Affairs 19 (3):23–38.
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  29. Whitley R. P. Kaufman (2005). Karma, Rebirth, and the Problem of Evil. Philosophy East and West 55 (1):15-32.
    : The doctrine of karma and rebirth is often praised for its ability to offer a successful solution to the Problem of Evil. This essay evaluates such a claim by considering whether the doctrine can function as a systematic theodicy, as an explanation of all human suffering in terms of wrongs done in either this or past lives. This purported answer to the Problem of Evil must face a series of objections, including the problem of anylackofmemoryofpastlives,the lack of proportionality between (...)
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  30. Whitley Kaufman (2004). Is There a “Right” to Self‐Defense? Criminal Justice Ethics 23 (1):20-32.
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  31. Whitley R. P. Kaufman (2004). Terrorism, Self-Defense, and the Killing of the Innocent. Social Philosophy Today 20:41-52.
    In this essay I analyze and defend the common sense moral conviction that terrorism, i.e., the use of violence against civilians for political or military purposes, is always morally impermissible. Terrorism violates the fundamental moral prohibition against harming the innocent, even to produce greater overall good. It is therefore just the sort of case that serves as a refutation of consequentialist moral theories. From a deontological perspective, the only remotely plausible forms of justification for a terrorist act would be that (...)
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  32. Whitley Kaufman (2003). Why Would Someone Do Wrong Knowingly? Southwest Philosophy Review 19 (1):197-203.
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  33. Whitley Kaufman (2003). What is the Scope of Civilian Immunity in Wartime? Journal of Military Ethics 2 (3):186-194.
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  34. Whitley R. P. Kaufman (2000). On a Purported Error About the Doctrine of Double Effect: A Reply to Sophie Botros. Philosophy 75 (2):283-295.
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  35. Whitley Rp Kaufman (2000). Charles Guignon, Ed., The Good Life Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 20 (1):39-40.
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  36. Whitley R. P. Kaufman (1999). The Lion's Den, Othello, and the Limits of Consequentialism. Southern Journal of Philosophy 37 (4):539-557.
  37. Whitley R. P. Kaufman (1998). The Lion's Den, Othello, and the Limits of Consequentialism. Southern Journal of Philosophy 37 (4):539-557.
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