Search results for 'Whitney Helton-Fauth' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Michael D. Mumford, Whitney B. Helton, Brian P. Decker, Mary Shane Connelly & Judith R. Van Doorn (2003). Values and Beliefs Related to Ethical Decisions. Teaching Business Ethics 7 (2):139-170.score: 240.0
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  2. Robert Whitney (1993). References for Whitney From Page 36. Inquiry 12 (1-2):44-44.score: 180.0
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  3. F. A. Matsen, Barry Whitney, Herb Vetter & Don Viney (1998). Whitney Discussion. The Personalist Forum 14 (2).score: 180.0
     
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  4. Shane Connelly, Whitney Helton-Fauth & Michael D. Mumford (2004). A Managerial in-Basket Study of the Impact of Trait Emotions on Ethical Choice. Journal of Business Ethics 51 (3):245-267.score: 87.0
    This paper explores the relationship of various trait emotions to the ethical choices of 189 college students who completed a managerial decision-making task as part of an in-basket exercise in a laboratory setting. Prior research regarding emotion influences on ethical decision-making and linkages between emotions and cognition informed hypotheses about how different types of emotions impact ethical choices. Findings supported our expectations that positive and negative emotions classified as active would be more strongly related to interpersonally-directed ethical choices than to (...)
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  5. William S. Helton (2005). Animal Expertise, Conscious or Not. Animal Cognition 8 (2):67-74.score: 30.0
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  6. Shiloh Whitney (2012). Affects, Images and Childlike Perception: Self-Other Difference in Merleau-Ponty's Sorbonne Lectures. Phaenex 7 (2):185-211.score: 30.0
    I begin by reviewing recent research by Merleau-Ponty scholars opposing aspects of the critique of Merleau-Ponty made by Meltzoff and colleagues based on their studies of neonate imitation. I conclude the need for reopening the case for infant self-other indistinction, starting with a re-examination of Merleau-Ponty’s notion of indistinction in the Sorbonne lectures, and attending especially to the role of affect and to the non-exclusivity of self-other distinction and indistinction. In undertaking that study, I discover the importance of understanding self-other (...)
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  7. Elspeth Whitney (1993). Lynn White, Ecotheology, and History. Environmental Ethics 15 (2):151-169.score: 30.0
    Controversy about Lynn White’s thesis that medieval Christianity is to blame for our current environmental crisis has done little to challenge the basic structure of White’s argument and has taken little account of recent work done by medieval scholars. White’s ecotheological critics, in particular, have often failed to come to grips with White’s position. In this paper, I question White’s reading of history on both interpretative and factual grounds and argue that religious values cannot be treated independently of the political, (...)
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  8. Cynthia Kolb Whitney (2007). Relativistic Dynamics in Basic Chemistry. Foundations of Physics 37 (4-5):788-812.score: 30.0
    This paper revisits the historical sequence in which some of the major developments of 20th-century physics occurred, and explores how theories could have turned out differently, if the sequence of developments had been different. It shows how a delay in founding special relativity theory until after (1) at least one puzzling problem in electromagnetic theory could be acknowledged, and (2) sat least some of the experimental observations pertinent to the development of quantum mechanics had become well known, could have resulted (...)
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  9. Barry Whitney (1998). Divine Persuasion and the Anthropic Argument. The Personalist Forum 14 (2):141-169.score: 30.0
  10. Barry L. Whitney (1994). An Aesthetic Solution to the Problem of Evil. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 35 (1):21 - 37.score: 30.0
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  11. Shiloh Y. Whitney (2011). Dependency Relations: Corporeal Vulnerability and Norms of Personhood in Hobbes and Kittay. Hypatia 26 (3):554-574.score: 30.0
    Theories of the liberal tradition have relied on independence as a norm of personhood. Feminist theorists such as Eva Kittay in Love's Labor have been instrumental in critiquing normative independence. I explore the role of corporeal vulnerability in Kittay's account of personhood, developing a comparison to the role it plays in Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan. Kittay's crucial contribution in Love's Labor is that once we acknowledge the facts of corporeal vulnerability, we must not only acknowledge but also affirm dependency in a (...)
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  12. Simon N. Whitney & Laurence B. McCullough (2007). Physicians' Silent Decisions: Because Patient Autonomy Does Not Always Come First. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (7):33 – 38.score: 30.0
    Physicians make some medical decisions without disclosure to their patients. Nondisclosure is possible because these are silent decisions to refrain from screening, diagnostic or therapeutic interventions. Nondisclosure is ethically permissible when the usual presumption that the patient should be involved in decisions is defeated by considerations of clinical utility or patient emotional and physical well-being. Some silent decisions - not all - are ethically justified by this standard. Justified silent decisions are typically dependent on the physician's professional judgment, experience and (...)
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  13. William Helton & Nicole Helton (2007). The Intrinsic Value of Nature and Moral Education. Journal of Moral Education 36 (2):139-150.score: 30.0
    Many environmental, humane and character educators try to foster a belief in the intrinsic value of nature and a respect for non-human life among students. Marangudakis argues that Christianity advocates anthropocentrism and opposes belief in the intrinsic value of nature. If Marangudakis is correct, then a goal of many environmental and humane educators may conflict with some of their students' religious beliefs and training. Fears of conflicting students' religious beliefs may deter environmental and humane educators from teaching students to respect (...)
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  14. Melody J. Slashinski, Sheryl A. McCurdy, Laura S. Achenbaum, Simon N. Whitney & Amy L. McGuire (2012). “Snake-Oil,” “Quack Medicine,” and “Industrially Cultured Organisms:” Biovalue and the Commercialization of Human Microbiome Research. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):28-.score: 30.0
    Background Continued advances in human microbiome research and technologies raise a number of ethical, legal, and social challenges. These challenges are associated not only with the conduct of the research, but also with broader implications, such as the production and distribution of commercial products promising maintenance or restoration of good physical health and disease prevention. In this article, we document several ethical, legal, and social challenges associated with the commercialization of human microbiome research, focusing particularly on how this research is (...)
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  15. A. J. C. Hurkens, Monica McArthur, Yiannis N. Moschovakis, Lawrence S. Moss & Glen T. Whitney (1998). The Logic of Recursive Equations. Journal of Symbolic Logic 63 (2):451-478.score: 30.0
    We study logical systems for reasoning about equations involving recursive definitions. In particular, we are interested in "propositional" fragments of the functional language of recursion FLR [18, 17], i.e., without the value passing or abstraction allowed in FLR. The "pure," propositional fragment FLR 0 turns out to coincide with the iteration theories of [1]. Our main focus here concerns the sharp contrast between the simple class of valid identities and the very complex consequence relation over several natural classes of models.
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  16. J. Norman King & Barry L. Whitney (1982). Rahner and Hartshorne on Divine Immutability. International Philosophical Quarterly 22 (3):195-209.score: 30.0
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  17. William S. Helton, Rosalie P. Kern & Donieka R. Walker (2009). Conscious Thought and the Sustained Attention to Response Task. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (3):600-607.score: 30.0
    We investigated the properties of the sustained attention to response task . In the SART, participants respond to frequent neutral signals and are required to withhold response to rare critical signals. We examined whether SART performance shows characteristics of speed–accuracy tradeoffs and in addition, we examined whether SART performance is influenced by prior exposure to emotional picture stimuli. Thirty-six participants in this study performed SARTs after being exposed to neutral and negative picture stimuli. Performance in the SART changed rapidly over (...)
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  18. William S. Helton, Martin J. Dorahy & Paul N. Russell (2011). Dissociative Tendencies and Right-Hemisphere Processing Load: Effects on Vigilance Performance. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):696-702.score: 30.0
    The present study was designed to explore the relationship between self-reported dissociative experiences and performance in tasks eliciting right-hemisphere processing load. Thirty-four participants performed a vigilance task in two conditions: with task-irrelevant negative-arousing pictures and task-irrelevant neutral pictures. Dissociation was assessed with the Dissociative Experience Scale. Consistent with theories positing right-hemisphere deregulation in high non-clinical dissociators, dissociative experiences correlated with greater vigilance decrement only in the negative picture condition. As both the vigilance task and negative picture processing are right lateralized, (...)
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  19. Wolfgang Fauth (1986). Syzygos und Eikon. Perspektiven der Philosophie 12:41-68.score: 30.0
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  20. Paul Whitney & Desiree Budd (1999). A Separate Language-Interpretation Resource: Premature Fractionation? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):113-113.score: 30.0
    The target article argues for the modularity of language interpretive processes without the usual criterion that a module be informationally encapsulated. It is the encapsulation criterion, however, that gives modularity most of its testability. Without the criterion of encapsulation, testing whether relatively automatic comprehension processes use their own unique resource is a very tricky matter.
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  21. Barry L. Whitney (1979). Process Theism: Does a Persuasive God Coerce? Southern Journal of Philosophy 17 (1):133-143.score: 30.0
    A fundamental tenet of the process philosophy founded by alfred north whitehead and charles hartshorne is that god's causal agency in the world is solely "persuasive," in contradistinction to much of traditional christian theism which portrays a more "coercive" god. The article, However, Seeks to show that hartshorne's God would appear to be somewhat coercive, E.G., In the imposition of the natural laws which are the limits to creaturely freedom and in the "luring" of creaturely actualizations of novel possibilities within (...)
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  22. Kenneth D. Pimple, Philip J. Whitney, Diane Hoffman-Kim & Linda B. McGown (1995). On Being a Scientist. Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (3):309-314.score: 30.0
    Editors’ Note:As a matter of policy, the editors believe that publishing several reviews of selected texts is a valuable exercise which will enable a cross-section of views to be aired. The recently published second edition of the National Academy of Sciences’ report “On Being a Scientist” was considered an appropriate text for such treatment. The reviewer, Kenneth D. Pimple, Ph.D., is a Research Associate at the Poynter Center for the Study of Ethics and American Institutions and a Visiting Lecturer in (...)
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  23. Carol Whitney (2006). An Alternative Model of Sentence Parsing Explains Complexity Phenomena More Comprehensively Without Problems of Localist Encoding. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (1):87-88.score: 30.0
    I discuss weaknesses of the proposed model related to reinstantiation of encodings recorded by the hippocampal complex and to the inability of the model to explain complexity phenomena. An alternative model that also addresses the formation of hierarchical representations of sentences in working memory is outlined, and the ability of this model to account for complexity phenomena is briefly reviewed.
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  24. Paul Whitney, John M. Hinson & Allison L. Matthews (2007). Base-Rate Respect Meets Affect Neglect. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):285-286.score: 30.0
    While improving the theoretical account of base-rate neglect, Barbey & Sloman's (B&S's) target article suffers from affect neglect by failing to consider the fundamental role of emotional processes in decisions. We illustrate how affective influences are fundamental to decision making, and discuss how the dual process model can be a useful framework for understanding hot and cold cognition in reasoning.
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  25. Carol Whitney (2010). Serial Letter-Order Encoding is Bottom-Up, Not Top-Down: Comment on Vidyasagar and Pammer. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (6):237-238.score: 30.0
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  26. Søren Fauth (2002). Wilhelm Raabe als Zeichner und Dichter zentraler Philosopheme Schopenhauers. Schopenhauer Jahrbuch:205-222.score: 30.0
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  27. Nicole Helton & William Helton (2008). A Reply to M. Marangudakis. Journal of Moral Education 37 (2):249-250.score: 30.0
    In his reply to our paper Marangudakis raises important points regarding: (1) the measurement of environmental values; and (2) potential risks of deep ecological views to human welfare. We definitely agree that a more rigorous approach to the measurement of environmental values is needed. While the extent of belief in deep ecology remains an open question, we believe Marangudakis may be overly simplifying deep ecology and, for that matter, Christian world views.
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  28. William S. Helton, James Head & Simon Kemp (2011). Natural Disaster Induced Cognitive Disruption: Impacts on Action Slips. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1732-1737.score: 30.0
    Previous research has indicated an increase in stress levels and cognitive intrusions after natural disasters. These previous studies have not, however, assessed the impact disaster induced cognitive disruption has on human performance. In the present report, we investigated the impact of the 7.1 magnitude 2010 Christchurch, New Zealand earthquake on self-reported earthquake-induced cognitive disruption and its relationship to performance on the Sustained Attention to Response Task . Participants who self-reported greater cognitive disruption induced by the earthquake also had higher levels (...)
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  29. Cliff Karchmer, Pam Tully, Leah Devlin, Frank Whitney & Michael Sage (2003). New Pressures/New Partnerships: Public Health and Law Enforcement. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (s4):52-53.score: 30.0
  30. Kristoffer Whitney (2014). Domesticating Nature?: Surveillance and Conservation of Migratory Shorebirds in the “Atlantic Flyway”. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 45 (1):78-87.score: 30.0
    Using a recent environmental controversy on the U.S. east coast over the conservation of red knots as a lens, I present a history of North American efforts to understand and conserve migratory shorebirds. Focusing on a few signal pieces of American legislation and their associated bureaucracies, I show the ways in which migratory wildlife have been thoroughly enrolled in efforts to quantify and protect their populations. Interactions between wildlife biologists and endangered species have been described by some scholars as “domestication”—a (...)
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  31. Barry Whitney (1998). Evolution and Eden. Process Studies 27 (3/4):361-361.score: 30.0
  32. Barry L. Whitney & John B. Cobb (2009). Farewell From the Editor, and Appreciation for His Service. Process Studies 38 (1):2-3.score: 30.0
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  33. Simon N. Whitney & Laurence B. McCullough (2007). Responses to Open Peer Commentaries on "Physicians' Silent Decisions: Because Patient Autonomy Doesn't Always Come First". American Journal of Bioethics 7 (7):1-3.score: 30.0
  34. Julie A. Bianchini, David J. Whitney, Therese D. Breton & Bryan A. Hilton‐Brown (2002). Toward Inclusive Science Education: University Scientists' Views of Students, Instructional Practices, and the Nature of Science. Science Education 86 (1):42-78.score: 30.0
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  35. Søren R. Fauth (2012). Dichtendes Denken und denkendes Dichten: Schopenhauer, Heidegger und Hofmannsthal: Anmerkungen zum Verhältnis von Literatur und Philosophie. Schopenhauer Jahrbuch 92.score: 30.0
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  36. Levon Goukasian & L. Keith Whitney (forthcoming). Corporate Socially Responsible Firms Perform Well! Evidence From Financial and Operating Performances. Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility.score: 30.0
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  37. Jonathan Grainger & Carol Whitney (2004). Does the Huamn Mnid Raed Wrods as a Wlohe? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (2):58-59.score: 30.0
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  38. James Head & William S. Helton (2012). Natural Scene Stimuli and Lapses of Sustained Attention. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (4):1617-1625.score: 30.0
    We conducted two experiments using naturalistic scene stimuli to test the resource theory and mindlessness theory of sustained attention. In experiment 1, 28 participants completed a traditional formatted vigilance task consisting of non-repeating forest or urban picture stimuli as target stimuli. Participants filled out pre- and post-task assessments of arousal and conscious thoughts. There was still a vigilance decrement, despite non-repetitive, natural target stimuli. Participants found the task demanding and were actively engaged in the task. In experiment 2, 25 participants (...)
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  39. Christopher R. Helton (forthcoming). Book Review: Politics and the Order of Love: An Augustinian Ethic of Democratic Citizenship. [REVIEW] Interpretation 64 (2):214-214.score: 30.0
  40. William S. Helton & Paul N. Russell (2015). Rest is Best: The Role of Rest and Task Interruptions on Vigilance. Cognition 134:165-173.score: 30.0
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  41. Laurence McCullough, Amy McGuire & Simon Whitney (2007). Consent: Informed, Simple, Implied and Presumed. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):49-50.score: 30.0
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  42. Charles Whitney (1989). Francis Bacon's "Instauratio": Dominion of and Over Humanity. Journal of the History of Ideas 50 (3):371.score: 30.0
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  43. Barry L. Whitney (1996). Hartshorne and Natural Evil: A Response. [REVIEW] Sophia 35 (2):39-46.score: 30.0
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  44. Barry Whitney (2003). Index of Article Abstracts. Process Studies 32 (2):322-364.score: 30.0
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  45. David Whitney (2002). The Influence of Visual Motion on Perceived Position. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (5):211-216.score: 30.0
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  46. Elspeth Whitney (2013). The Lynn White Thesis. Environmental Ethics 35 (3):313-331.score: 30.0
    If we are to accurately gauge the validity of Lynn White, Jr.’s thesis as articulated in his article, “The Historical Roots of Our Ecologic Crisis” , we must bring together recent research not only in the fields of environmental ethics and ecotheology but also in environmental history. We must also consider White’s work as a whole, including his Medieval Technology and Social Change , which has been ignored for the most part by non-medievalists. Environmental history provides a corrective to White (...)
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  47. Carol Whitney (2012). The Study of Orthographic Processing has Broadened Research in Visual Word Recognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):47-48.score: 30.0
    Interest in orthographic processing reflects an expansion, not constriction, of the scope of research in visual word recognition (VWR). Transposition effects are merely one aspect of investigations into orthographic encoding, while open bigrams can accommodate differences across languages. The target article's inaccurate characterization of the study of orthographic processing is not conducive to the advancement of VWR research.
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  48. David Whitney (2008). Visuomotor Extrapolation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):220-221.score: 30.0
    Accurate perception of moving objects would be useful; accurate visually guided action is crucial. Visual motion across the scene influences perceived object location and the trajectory of reaching movements to objects. In this commentary, I propose that the visual system assigns the position of any object based on the predominant motion present in the scene, and that this is used to guide reaching movements to compensate for delays in visuomotor processing.
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  49. Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Miriam R. Linver & Rebecca C. Fauth (2005). Children's Competence and Socioeconomic Status in the Family and Neighborhood. In Andrew J. Elliot & Carol S. Dweck (eds.), Handbook of Competence and Motivation. The Guilford Press. 414--435.score: 30.0
  50. Søren R. Fauth (2004). Fra Transcendental Idealisme Til Viljesmetafysik: En Kritisk Indføring Icentrale Aspekter Af Schopenhauers Filosofi. Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 4:209-224.score: 30.0
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