Search results for 'Whole' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Fred Feldman (2008). Whole Life Satisfaction Concepts of Happiness. Theoria 74 (3):219-238.score: 18.0
    The most popular concepts of happiness among psychologists and philosophers nowadays are concepts of happiness according to which happiness is defined as "satisfaction with life as a whole". Such concepts are "Whole Life Satisfaction" (WLS) concepts of happiness. I show that there are hundreds of non-equivalent ways in which a WLS conception of happiness can be developed. However, every precise conception either requires actual satisfaction with life as a whole or requires hypothetical satisfaction with life as a (...)
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  2. Friederike Moltmann (2005). Part Structures in Situations: The Semantics of 'Individual' and 'Whole'. Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (5):599 - 641.score: 18.0
    This paper develops the notion of a situated part structure and applies it to the semantics of the modifiers 'whole' and 'individual'. It argues that the ambiguity of 'whole' should be traced to two different conceptions of part structures of objects being at play: one according to which the parts of an objects are just the material parts and another, Aristotelian conception according to which the parts of an object include properties of form.
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  3. Robert Mayhew (1997). Part and Whole in Aristotle's Political Philosophy. Journal of Ethics 1 (4):325-340.score: 18.0
    It is often held that according to Aristotle the city is a natural organism. One major reason for this organic interpretation is no doubt that Aristotle describes the relationship between the individual and the city as a part-whole relationship, seemingly the same relationship that holds between the parts of a natural organism and the organism itself. Moreover, some scholars (most notably Jonathan Barnes) believe this view of the city led Aristotle to accept an implicit totalitarianism. I argue, however, that (...)
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  4. John L. Bell (2004). Whole and Part in Mathematics. Axiomathes 14 (4):285-294.score: 18.0
    The centrality of the whole/part relation in mathematics is demonstrated through the presentation and analysis of examples from algebra, geometry, functional analysis,logic, topology and category theory.
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  5. Corey Anton (2006). Dreamless Sleep and the Whole of Human Life: An Ontological Exposition. [REVIEW] Human Studies 29 (2):181 - 202.score: 18.0
    This paper explores the meaning of dreamless sleep. First, I consider four reasons why we commonly pass over sleep's ontological significance. Second, I compare and contrast death and sleep to show how each is oriented to questions regarding the possibilities of "being-a-whole." In the third and final part, I explore the meaning and implications of "being-toward-sleep," arguing that human existence emerges atop naturally anonymous corporeality (i.e. living being). In sum, I try to show that we can recover an authentic (...)
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  6. Galen Wright, Pieter Koornhof, Adebowale Adeyemo & Nicki Tiffin (2013). Ethical and Legal Implications of Whole Genome and Whole Exome Sequencing in African Populations. BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):21.score: 18.0
    Rapid advances in high throughput genomic technologies and next generation sequencing are making medical genomic research more readily accessible and affordable, including the sequencing of patient and control whole genomes and exomes in order to elucidate genetic factors underlying disease. Over the next five years, the Human Heredity and Health in Africa (H3Africa) Initiative, funded by the Wellcome Trust (United Kingdom) and the National Institutes of Health (United States of America), will contribute greatly towards sequencing of numerous African samples (...)
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  7. Jan Helge Solbakk (forthcoming). The Whole and the Art of Medical Dialectic: A Platonic Account. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy:1-14.score: 18.0
    The aim of this paper is to investigate Plato’s conception of the whole in the Phaedrus and the theory of medical dialectic underlying this conception. Through this analysis Plato’s conception of kairos will also be adressed. It will be argued that the epistemological holism developed in the dialogue and the patient-typology emerging from it provides us with a way of perceiving individual situations of medical discourse and decision-making that makes it possible to bridge the gap between observations of a (...)
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  8. Josée Johnston & Michelle Szabo (2011). Reflexivity and the Whole Foods Market Consumer: The Lived Experience of Shopping for Change. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 28 (3):303-319.score: 18.0
    There has been widespread academic and popular debate about the transformative potential of consumption choices, particularly food shopping. While popular food media is optimistic about “shopping for change,” food scholars are more critical, drawing attention to fetishist approaches to “local” or “organic,” and suggesting the need for reflexive engagement with food politics. We argue that reflexivity is central to understanding the potential and limitations of consumer-focused food politics, but argue that this concept is often relatively unspecified. The first objective of (...)
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  9. R. K. Mishra (2011). The Whole Being: A Journey Towards Harmony and Happiness. Rupa Publications India in Association with Brahma Vidya Kendra.score: 18.0
    Section 1. Prologue -- section 2. The whole being -- section 3. Engaging with wholeness -- section 4. Wholeness in Kashmiri Shaivism -- section 5. The Buddhist perspective -- section 6. Wholeness in the modern world -- section 7. The workings of wholeness in our world -- section 8. Epilogue.
     
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  10. Andreas Hüttemann, Reimer Kühn & Orestis Terzidis (forthcoming). Stability, Emergence and Part-Whole-Reduction. In Brigitte Falkenburg & Margret Morrison (eds.), Why More Is Different. Philosophical Issues in Condensed Matter Physics and Complex Systems.score: 15.0
  11. H. Hudson (1955). People and Part-Whole Talk. Analysis 15 (March):90-93.score: 15.0
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  12. Andrew Miles (2009). On a Medicine of the Whole Person: Away From Scientistic Reductionism and Towards the Embrace of the Complex in Clinical Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):941-949.score: 15.0
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  13. Edward A. Bilodeau (1955). Variations in Knowledge of Component Performance and its Effects Upon Part-Part and Part-Whole Relations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (3):215.score: 15.0
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  14. Allan L. Fingeret & W. J. Brogden (1972). Item Arrangement Effects on Transfer and Serial Position Errors in Part-Whole Learning of Different Materials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (2):249.score: 15.0
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  15. Allan L. Fingeret & W. J. Brogden (1970). Part Versus Whole Practice in the Acquisition of Serial Lists as a Function of Class and Organization of Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):406.score: 15.0
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  16. Michael Gladis & Osborne Abbey (1969). Relationship Between Whole and Part Methods of Learning and Degree of Meaningfulness of Serial Lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):194.score: 15.0
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  17. Judith Goggin & Charles Stokes (1969). Whole and Part Learning as a Function of Approximation to English. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):67.score: 15.0
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  18. E. M. Hanawalt (1934). Whole and Part Methods in Trial and Error Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 17 (5):691.score: 15.0
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  19. Lynn Hasher (1971). Retention of Free Recall Learning: The Whole-Part Problem. Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):8.score: 15.0
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  20. Robert E. Hicks & Robert K. Young (1972). Part-Whole List Transfer in Free Recall: A Reappraisal. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):328-333.score: 15.0
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  21. Robert E. Hicks & Robert K. Young (1973). Part-Whole Transfer in Free Recall as a Function of Word Class and Imagery. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):100.score: 15.0
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  22. H. L. Koch (1923). A Neglected Phase of the Part-Whole Problem. Journal of Experimental Psychology 6 (5):366.score: 15.0
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  23. Henry Loess & Alan Brown (1969). Word Fragments as Aids to Recall a Whole Word. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (2p1):384.score: 15.0
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  24. Elinor McKone, Anne Aimola Davies, Hayley Darke, Kate Crookes, Tushara Wickramariyaratne, Stephanie Zappia, Chiara Fiorentini, Simone Favelle, Mary Broughton & Dinusha Fernando (2013). Importance of the Inverted Control in Measuring Holistic Face Processing with the Composite Effect and Part-Whole Effect. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 15.0
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  25. Ronald Okada & Stephen T. Carey (1974). Whole-List Retention Following Whole-Part Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (2):332.score: 15.0
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  26. Leo Postman & Judith Goggin (1966). Whole Versus Part Learning of Paired-Associate Lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (6):867.score: 15.0
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  27. M. V. Seagoe (1936). The Influence of Degree of Wholeness on Whole-Part Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (6):763.score: 15.0
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  28. Biswanath Sen (1985). The Concepts of Part and Whole (Avayava and Avayavi). Rabindra Bharati University.score: 15.0
     
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  29. S. D. S. Spragg (1943). The Relative Difficulty of Morse Code Alphabet Characters Learned by the Whole Method. Journal of Experimental Psychology 33 (2):108.score: 15.0
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  30. Gordon Wood (1969). Whole-Part Transfer From Paired-Associate to Free Recall Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):532.score: 15.0
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  31. Gordon Wood (1969). Whole-Part Transfer From Free Recall to Serial Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (3p1):540.score: 15.0
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  32. Jonathan Schaffer (2010). Monism: The Priority of the Whole. Philosophical Review 119 (1):31-76.score: 12.0
    Consider a circle and a pair of its semicircles. Which is prior, the whole or its parts? Are the semicircles dependent abstractions from their whole, or is the circle a derivative construction from its parts? Now in place of the circle consider the entire cosmos (the ultimate concrete whole), and in place of the pair of semicircles consider the myriad particles (the ultimate concrete parts). Which if either is ultimately prior, the one ultimate whole or its (...)
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  33. Ross P. Cameron (forthcoming). Parts Generate the Whole, but They Are Not Identical to It. In Donald Baxter & Aaron Cotnoir (eds.), Composition as Identity. Oxford University Press.score: 12.0
    The connection between whole and part is intimate: not only can we share the same space, but I’m incapable of leaving my parts behind; settle the nonmereological facts and you thereby settle what is a part of what; wholes don’t seem to be an additional ontological commitment over their parts. Composition as identity promises to explain this intimacy. But it threatens to make the connection too intimate, for surely the parts could have made a different whole and the (...)
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  34. Ben Bramble (2014). Whole-Life Welfarism. American Philosophical Quarterly 51 (1):63-74.score: 12.0
    In this paper, I set out and defend a new theory of value, whole-life welfarism. According to this theory, something is good only if it makes somebody better off in some way in his life considered as a whole. By focusing on lifetime, rather than momentary, well-being, a welfarist can solve two of the most vexing puzzles in value theory, The Badness of Death and The Problem of Additive Aggregation.
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  35. Matthew W. Parker (2013). Set Size and the Part-Whole Principle. Review of Symbolic Logic (4):1-24.score: 12.0
    Recent work has defended “Euclidean” theories of set size, in which Cantor’s Principle (two sets have equally many elements if and only if there is a one-to-one correspondence between them) is abandoned in favor of the Part-Whole Principle (if A is a proper subset of B then A is smaller than B). It has also been suggested that Gödel’s argument for the unique correctness of Cantor’s Principle is inadequate. Here we see from simple examples, not that Euclidean theories of (...)
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  36. Andreas Hüttemann & Alan C. Love (2011). COMPARING PART-WHOLE REDUCTIVE EXPLANATIONS IN BIOLOGY AND PHYSICS. In Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao Gonzalo, Thomas Uebel, Stephan Hartmann & Marcel Weber (eds.), Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation. Springer. 183--202.score: 12.0
    Many biologists and philosophers have worried that importing models of reasoning from the physical sciences obscures our understanding of reasoning in the life sciences. In this paper we discuss one example that partially validates this concern: part-whole reductive explanations. Biology and physics tend to incorporate different models of temporality in part-whole reductive explanations. This results from differential emphases on compositional and causal facets of reductive explanations, which have not been distinguished reliably in prior philosophical analyses. Keeping these two (...)
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  37. Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2011). Part-Whole Science. Synthese 178 (3):397-427.score: 12.0
    A scientific explanatory project, part-whole explanation, and a kind of science, part-whole science are premised on identifying, investigating, and using parts and wholes. In the biological sciences, mechanistic, structuralist, and historical explanations are part-whole explanations. Each expresses different norms, explananda, and aims. Each is associated with a distinct partitioning frame for abstracting kinds of parts. These three explanatory projects can be complemented in order to provide an integrative vision of the whole system, as is shown for (...)
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  38. William Lauinger (2014). Eternity, Boredom, and One's Part-Whole-Reality Conception. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 88 (1):1-28.score: 12.0
    Bernard Williams famously argued that eternal life is undesirable for a human because it would inevitably grow intolerably boring. I will argue against Williams and those who share his view. To make my case, I will provide an account of what staves off boredom in our current, earthly-mortal lives, and then I will draw on this account while advancing reasons for thinking that eternal life is desirable, given certain conditions. Though my response to Williams will partly overlap with some prior (...)
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  39. Eric S. Schliesser, Prophecy, Eclipses and Whole-Sale Markets: A Case Study on Why Data Driven Economic History Requires History of Economics, a Philosopher's Reflection.score: 12.0
    In this essay, I use a general argument about the evidential role of data in ongoing inquiry to show that it is fruitful for economic historians and historians of economics to collaborate more frequently. The shared aim of this collaboration should be to learn from past economic experience in order to improve the cutting edge of economic theory. Along the way, I attack a too rigorous distinction between the history of economics and economic history. By drawing on the history of (...)
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  40. Verity Harte (2002). Plato on Parts and Wholes: The Metaphysics of Structure. Oxford University Press.score: 12.0
    What is the relation between a whole and its parts? The metaphysics of structure and composition is much discussed in modern philosophy; now Verity Harte provides the first sustained examination of Plato's rich but neglected discussion of the topic, and shows how it can illuminate current debates. This book is an invaluable resource both for scholars of Plato and for modern metaphysicians.
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  41. Mike Nair-Collins (2010). Death, Brain Death, and the Limits of Science: Why the Whole-Brain Concept of Death Is a Flawed Public Policy. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (3):667-683.score: 12.0
    Legally defining “death” in terms of brain death unacceptably obscures a value judgment that not all reasonable people would accept. This is disingenuous, and it results in serious moral flaws in the medical practices surrounding organ donation. Public policy that relies on the whole-brain concept of death is therefore morally flawed and in need of revision.
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  42. Robert M. Veatch (2005). The Death of Whole-Brain Death: The Plague of the Disaggregators, Somaticists, and Mentalists. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (4):353 – 378.score: 12.0
    In its October 2001 issue, this journal published a series of articles questioning the Whole-Brain-based definition of death. Much of the concern focused on whether somatic integration - a commonly understood basis for the whole-brain death view - can survive the brain's death. The present article accepts that there are insurmountable problems with whole-brain death views, but challenges the assumption that loss of somatic integration is the proper basis for pronouncing death. It examines three major themes. First, (...)
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  43. Douglas E. Ehring (2003). Part-Whole Physicalism and Mental Causation. Synthese 136 (3):359-388.score: 12.0
    A well-known ``overdetermination''argument aims to show that the possibility of mental causes of physical events in a causally closed physical world and the possibility of causally relevant mental properties are both problematic. In the first part of this paper, I extend an identity reply that has been given to the first problem to a property-instance account of causal relata. In the second, I argue that mental types are composed of physical types and, as a consequence, both mental and physical types (...)
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  44. Michael Potts (2001). A Requiem for Whole Brain Death: A Response to D. Alan Shewmons the Brain and Somatic Integration. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (5):479 – 491.score: 12.0
    Alan Shewmons article, The brain and somatic integration: Insights into the standard biological rationale for equating brain death with death (2001), strikes at the heart of the standard justification for whole brain death criteria. The standard justification, which I call the standard paradigm, holds that the permanent loss of the functions of the entire brain marks the end of the integrative unity of the body. In my response to Shewmons article, I first offer a brief summary of the standard (...)
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  45. Friederike Moltmann (1997). Parts and Wholes in Semantics (Preprint). Oxford University Press.score: 12.0
    This book present a unified semantic theory of expressions involving the notions of part and whole. It develops a theory of part structures which differs from traditional (extensional) mereological theories in that the notion of an integrated whole plays a central role and in that the part structure of an entity is allowed to vary across different situations, perspectives, and dimensions. The book presents a great range of empirical generalizations involving plurals, mass nouns, adnominal and adverbial modifiers such (...)
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  46. Charles B. Cross (1995). Probability, Evidence, and the Coherence of the Whole Truth. Synthese 103 (2):153 - 170.score: 12.0
    The coherence of the whole truth is a presupposition of any holistic coherence theory of justification that postulates a positive connection between justification and truth, for unless the whole truth is itself systemically coherent there is no reason to look for systemic coherence when deciding whether one is justified in accepting a given body of beliefs as true. This paper develops a formal model of holistic evidential coherence and uses this model to formalize and defend the claim that (...)
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  47. C. Maria Keet & Alessandro Artale (2008). Representing and Reasoning Over a Taxonomy of Part-Whole Relations. Applied ontology 3 (1-2):91-110.score: 12.0
    Many types of part-whole relations have been proposed in the literature to aid the conceptual modeller to choose the most appropriate type, but many of those relations lack a formal specification to give clear and unambiguous semantics to them. To remedy this, a formal taxonomy of types of mereological and meronymic part-whole relations is presented that distinguishes between transitive and intransitive relations and the kind of entity types that are related. The demand to use it effectively brings afore (...)
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  48. Joseph S. Fulda (1989). The Logic of the Whole Truth. Rutgers Computer and Technology Law Journal 15 (2):435-446.score: 12.0
    Note: The author holds the copyright, and there was no agreement, express or implied, not to use a facsimile PDF. -/- Using erotetic logic, the paper defines the "the whole truth" in a manner consistent with U.S. Supreme Court precedent. It cannot mean "the whole story," as witnesses in an adversary system are permitted /only/ to answer the questions put to them, nor are they permitted to speculate, add irrelevant material, etc. Nor can it mean not to add (...)
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  49. Herbert Keuth (1976). Verisimilitude or the Approach to the Whole Truth. Philosophy of Science 43 (3):311-336.score: 12.0
    Science progresses if we succeed in rendering the objects of scientific inquiry more comprehensively or more precisely. Popper tries to formalize this venerable idea. According to him the most comprehensive and most precise description of the world is given by the set T of all true statements. A hypothesis comes the closer to T, or has the more verisimilitude, the more true consequences and the fewer false consequences it implies. Popper proposes to order hypotheses by the inclusion relations between the (...)
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