Search results for 'William A. Roche' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: William Roche (Texas Christian University)
  1. William A. Roche (2006). Can A Coherentist Be An Externalist? Croatian Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):269-280.score: 1410.0
    It is standard practice, when distinguishing between the foundationalist and the coherentist, to construe the coherentist as an internalist. The coherentist, the construal goes, says that justification is solely a matter of coherence, and that coherence, in turn, is solely a matter of internal relations between beliefs. The coherentist, so construed, is an internalist (in the sense I have in mind) in that the coherentist, so construed, says that whether a belief is justified hinges solely on what the subject is (...)
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  2. William Roche & Elliott Sober (2014). Explanatoriness and Evidence: A Reply to McCain and Poston. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 3 (3):193-199.score: 1260.0
    We argue elsewhere that explanatoriness is evidentially irrelevant . Let H be some hypothesis, O some observation, and E the proposition that H would explain O if H and O were true. Then O screens-off E from H: Pr = Pr. This thesis, hereafter “SOT” , is defended by appeal to a representative case. The case concerns smoking and lung cancer. McCain and Poston grant that SOT holds in cases, like our case concerning smoking and lung cancer, that involve frequency (...)
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  3. William A. Roche (2010). Coherentism, Truth, and Witness Agreement. Acta Analytica 25 (2):243-257.score: 960.0
    Coherentists on epistemic justification claim that all justification is inferential, and that beliefs, when justified, get their justification together (not in isolation) as members of a coherent belief system. Some recent work in formal epistemology shows that “individual credibility” is needed for “witness agreement” to increase the probability of truth and generate a high probability of truth. It can seem that, from this result in formal epistemology, it follows that coherentist justification is not truth-conducive, that it is not the case (...)
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  4. William Roche (2012). A Reply to Cling's “The Epistemic Regress Problem”. Philosophical Studies 159 (2):263-276.score: 900.0
    Andrew Cling presents a new version of the epistemic regress problem, and argues that intuitionist foundationalism, social contextualism, holistic coherentism, and infinitism fail to solve it. Cling’s discussion is quite instructive, and deserving of careful consideration. But, I argue, Cling’s discussion is not in all respects decisive. I argue that Cling’s dilemma argument against holistic coherentism fails.
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  5. William Roche (2012). A Weaker Condition for Transitivity in Probabilistic Support. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (1):111-118.score: 900.0
    Probabilistic support is not transitive. There are cases in which x probabilistically supports y , i.e., Pr( y | x ) > Pr( y ), y , in turn, probabilistically supports z , and yet it is not the case that x probabilistically supports z . Tomoji Shogenji, though, establishes a condition for transitivity in probabilistic support, that is, a condition such that, for any x , y , and z , if Pr( y | x ) > Pr( y (...)
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  6. Mark William Roche (1997). Tragedy and Comedy: A Systematic Study and a Critique of Hegel. State University of New York Press.score: 810.0
    The first evaluation and critique of Hegel's theory of tragedy and comedy, this book also develops an original theory of both genres.
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  7. John David North, John J. Roche & A. C. Crombie (eds.) (1985). The Light of Nature: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science Presented to A.C. Crombie. Distributors for the United States and Canada Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 600.0
    INTRODUCTION This volume of essays is meant as a tribute to Alistair Crombie by some of those who have studied with him. The occasion of its publication is ...
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  8. P. A. Roche (2004). VIRTUS IN LUCAN R. Sklenár: The Taste for Nothingness. A Study of Virtus and Related Themes in Lucan's Bellum Civile. Pp. X + 158. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003. Cased, US$60/£37.50. ISBN:0-472-11310-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 54 (02):402-.score: 540.0
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  9. William Roche (2012). Witness Agreement and the Truth-Conduciveness of Coherentist Justification. Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (1):151-169.score: 450.0
    Some recent work in formal epistemology shows that “witness agreement” by itself implies neither an increase in the probability of truth nor a high probability of truth—the witnesses need to have some “individual credibility.” It can seem that, from this formal epistemological result, it follows that coherentist justification (i.e., doxastic coherence) is not truth-conducive. I argue that this does not follow. Central to my argument is the thesis that, though coherentists deny that there can be noninferential justification, coherentists do not (...)
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  10. William Roche (2012). Transitivity and Intransitivity in Evidential Support: Some Further Results. Review of Symbolic Logic 5 (2):259-268.score: 450.0
    Igor Douven establishes several new intransitivity results concerning evidential support. I add to Douven’s very instructive discussion by establishing two further intransitivity results and a transitivity result.
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  11. William Roche & Tomoji Shogenji (2013). Confirmation, Transitivity, and Moore: The Screening-Off Approach. Philosophical Studies (3):1-21.score: 450.0
    It is well known that the probabilistic relation of confirmation is not transitive in that even if E confirms H1 and H1 confirms H2, E may not confirm H2. In this paper we distinguish four senses of confirmation and examine additional conditions under which confirmation in different senses becomes transitive. We conduct this examination both in the general case where H1 confirms H2 and in the special case where H1 also logically entails H2. Based on these analyses, we argue that (...)
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  12. William Roche & Michael Schippers (2014). Coherence, Probability and Explanation. Erkenntnis 79 (4):821-828.score: 450.0
    Recently there have been several attempts in formal epistemology to develop an adequate probabilistic measure of coherence. There is much to recommend probabilistic measures of coherence. They are quantitative and render formally precise a notion—coherence—notorious for its elusiveness. Further, some of them do very well, intuitively, on a variety of test cases. Siebel, however, argues that there can be no adequate probabilistic measure of coherence. Take some set of propositions A, some probabilistic measure of coherence, and a probability distribution such (...)
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  13. William Roche (2013). On the Truth-Conduciveness of Coherence. Erkenntnis:1-19.score: 450.0
    I argue that coherence is truth-conducive in that coherence implies an increase in the probability of truth. Central to my argument is a certain principle for transitivity in probabilistic support. I then address a question concerning the truth-conduciveness of coherence as it relates to (something else I argue for) the truth-conduciveness of consistency, and consider how the truth-conduciveness of coherence bears on coherentist theories of justification.
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  14. William Roche (2013). Evidence of Evidence is Evidence Under Screening-Off. Episteme:1-6.score: 450.0
    An important question in the current debate on the epistemic significance of peer disagreement is whether evidence of evidence is evidence. Fitelson argues (persuasively in my view) that, at least on some renderings of the thesis that evidence of evidence is evidence, there are cases where evidence of evidence is not evidence. I introduce a condition and show that under this condition evidence of evidence is evidence.
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  15. William Roche & Tomoji Shogenji (2014). Dwindling Confirmation. Philosophy of Science 81 (1):114-137.score: 450.0
    We show that as a chain of confirmation becomes longer, confirmation dwindles under screening-off. For example, if E confirms H1, H1 confirms H2, and H1 screens off E from H2, then the degree to which E confirms H2 is less than the degree to which E confirms H1. Although there are many measures of confirmation, our result holds on any measure that satisfies the Weak Law of Likelihood. We apply our result to testimony cases, relate it to the Data-Processing Inequality (...)
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  16. Michael Roche (2013). A Difficulty for Testing the Inner Sense Theory of Introspection. Philosophy of Science 80 (5):1019-1030.score: 420.0
    A common way of testing the inner sense theory of introspection exploits the possibility of damage to inner sense. Such damage is expected to lead to first-personal deficits/impairments of one kind or another. I raise various problems for this way of testing the theory. The main difficulty, I argue, stems from the existence of the method subserving confabulation.
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  17. Andrew F. Roche (2013). Transcendental Idealism: A Proposal. Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (4):589-615.score: 360.0
    There May Be No Succinct Way to articulate Kant’s doctrine of transcendental idealism without begging certain interpretive questions. Roughly, however, it is the tripartite doctrine that The objects of outer sense, along with those of inner sense, are mere appearances, not things in themselves. Space and time are merely forms of these appearances, and thus things in themselves are neither spatial nor temporal. We can have no cognition (Erkenntnis) of things in themselves. One’s understanding of these claims turns mostly on (...)
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  18. D. Roche (2000). [Electricity and the social institution of science: thoughts for a conclusion]. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 54 (1):99-114.score: 360.0
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  19. Mathieu Roche & Violaine Prince (2007). AcroDef: A Quality Measure for Discriminating Expansions of Ambiguous Acronyms. In D. C. Richardson B. Kokinov (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. 411--424.score: 360.0
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  20. François Osiurak, Kevin Roche, Jennifer Ramone & Hanna Chainay (2013). Handing a Tool to Someone Can Take More Time Than Using It. Cognition 128 (1):76-81.score: 360.0
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  21. Joseph L. Roche (1964). A Philosophic Approach to Dialogue. International Philosophical Quarterly 4 (4):595-610.score: 360.0
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  22. Daniel Roche (2001). Électricité Et Institution Sociale de la Science. Réflexions Pour Une Conclusion/Electricity and the Social Institution of Science. Thoughts for a Conclusion. [REVIEW] Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 54 (1):99-114.score: 360.0
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  23. John J. Roche & P. M. Harman (1999). The Mathematics of Measurement: A Critical History. Annals of Science 56 (3):325-325.score: 360.0
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  24. Laurence Roche (1979). Understanding and Conserving Tropical Trees and Ecosystems Tropical Trees as Living Systems P. B. Tomlinson Martin H. Zimmermann Tropical Trees and Forests: An Architectural Analysis F. Halle R. A. A. Oldeman P. B. Tomlinson. [REVIEW] BioScience 29 (12):747-747.score: 360.0
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  25. M. Roche (2002). Ward Churchill, A Little Matter of Genocide: Holocaust and Denial in the Americas 1492 to the Present. Ethics Place and Environment 5:95-97.score: 360.0
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  26. Mark William Roche (1989). Hegels System. Der Idealismus der Subjektivität Und Das Problem der Intersubjektivität. Journal of the History of Philosophy 27 (4):630-632.score: 240.0
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  27. George J. Annas, Leonard H. Glantz & Patricia A. Roche (1995). Drafting the Genetic Privacy Act: Science, Policy, and Practical Considerations. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 23 (4):360-366.score: 240.0
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  28. William Roche (2012). Coherentism and Inconsistency. Southwest Philosophy Review 27 (1):185-193.score: 240.0
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  29. P. A. Roche (2004). G. Manzoni: Pugnae maioris imago. Intertestualità e rovesciamento nella seconda esade dell' Eneide. Pp. 150. Milan: Vita e Pensiero, 2002. Paper, €10. ISBN: 88-343-0947-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 54 (2):569.score: 240.0
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  30. P. A. Roche (2003). The Execution of L. Salvius Otho Cocceianus. Classical Quarterly 53 (1):319-322.score: 240.0
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  31. A. F. Roche (1967). Skeletal Maturation and Elongation in Down's Disease (Mongolism). The Eugenics Review 59 (1):11.score: 240.0
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  32. Mark A. Wilson, Julie Hanlon Rubio, Lisa Tessman, Mary M. Doyle Roche, James F. Keenan, Margaret Urban Walker, Jamie Schillinger, Jean Porter, Jennifer A. Herdt & Edmund N. Santurri (2014). Virtue and the Moral Life: Theological and Philosophical Perspectives. Lexington Books.score: 240.0
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  33. William Shea (1977). Introduction À l'Astronomie de Copernic. Le «Commentariolus» de Copernic Et le «Narratio Prima» de Rheticus. Introduction, Traduction Française Et Commentaire de H. Hugonnard-Roche, E. Rosen Et J. P. Verdet. Préface de R. Taton. Paris: A. Blanchard, 1975. Pp. 228. [REVIEW] Dialogue 16 (4):743-744.score: 189.0
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  34. Kevin McCain & Ted Poston (2014). Why Explanatoriness Is Evidentially Relevant. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 3 (2):145-153.score: 162.0
    William Roche and Elliott Sober argue that explanatoriness is evidentially irrelevant. This conclusion is surprising since it conflicts with a plausible assumption—the fact that a hypothesis best explains a given set of data is evidence that the hypothesis is true. We argue that Roche and Sober's screening-off argument fails to account for a key aspect of evidential strength: the weight of a body of evidence. The weight of a body of evidence affects the resiliency of probabilities in (...)
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  35. Michael Roche (2014). Causal Overdetermination and Kim's Exclusion Argument. Philosophia 42 (3):809-826.score: 120.0
    Jaegwon Kim’s influential exclusion argument attempts to demonstrate the inconsistency of nonreductive materialism in the philosophy of mind. Kim’s argument begins by showing that the three main theses of nonreductive materialism, plus two additional considerations, lead to a specific and (by now) familiar picture of mental causation. The exclusion argument can succeed only if, as Kim claims, this picture is not one of genuine causal overdetermination. Accordingly, one can resist Kim’s conclusion by denying this claim, maintaining instead that the effects (...)
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  36. W. Roche & E. Sober (2013). Explanatoriness is Evidentially Irrelevant, or Inference to the Best Explanation Meets Bayesian Confirmation Theory. Analysis 73 (4):659-668.score: 120.0
    In the world of philosophy of science, the dominant theory of confirmation is Bayesian. In the wider philosophical world, the idea of inference to the best explanation exerts a considerable influence. Here we place the two worlds in collision, using Bayesian confirmation theory to argue that explanatoriness is evidentially irrelevant.
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  37. Cicely Roche & Felicity Kelliher (2009). Exploring the Patient Consent Process in Community Pharmacy Practice. Journal of Business Ethics 86 (1):91 - 99.score: 120.0
    This article explores the patient consent process in modern community pharmacy practice and discusses the related ethical dilemmas in this environment. The myth of appropriately informed consent, and irrefutable evidence as to a pharmacist’s intentions when advising a patient, are core issues for discussion. The objective is to clarify where such dilemmas may exist in the consent process and to ultimately form a framework against which ethical guidelines might facilitate resolution of the dilemma faced by the pharmacist who is expected (...)
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  38. Michael Roche (2013). Povinelli's Problem and Introspection. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (4):559-576.score: 120.0
    Povinelli’s Problem is a well-known methodological problem confronting those researching nonhuman primate cognition. In this paper I add a new wrinkle to this problem. The wrinkle concerns introspection, i.e., the ability to detect one’s own mental states. I argue that introspection either creates a new obstacle to solving Povinelli’s Problem, or creates a slightly different, but closely related, problem. I apply these arguments to Robert Lurz and Carla Krachun’s (Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2: 449–481, 2011) recent attempt at solving (...)
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  39. Patricia Roche (2010). The Property/Privacy Conundrum Over Human Tissue. HEC Forum 22 (3):197-209.score: 120.0
    This paper analyzes court rulings on tissue samples as property and critiques objections that have been raised to the recognition of DNA samples as personal property. The cases are: Moore v. Regents of the University of California (1988, 1990), Greenberg v. Miami Children’s Research Institute (2003), and Washington University v.Catalona (2007). The paper argues that it is possible for the law to support both individual privacy and property rights in DNA, recognizing nevertheless that some unresolved questions remain, including what exercising (...)
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  40. Thomas Corbishley (1950). The De Primo Principio of Duns Scotus. A Revised Text and Translation by Evan Roche, O.F.M., Ph.D. (The Franciscan Institute, St. Bonaventure, New York.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 25 (92):87-.score: 120.0
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  41. Peter Roche (1998). Beyond Profit and Competition: Emerging Concerns of Global Corporations. World Futures 52 (2):115-129.score: 120.0
    This essay addresses the need for a new model of corporation, one which has corporations responsible for the environment in which they operate, and for nurturing all human beings who come into contact with them, and able to deliver sufficient returns to their investors. The main thesis is that the current paradigm of corporations, their model of governance, and their most fundamental priorities and objectives drives them into the selfish pursuit of profits at the expense of environmental and societal concerns, (...)
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  42. E. Roche, R. King, H. M. Mohan, B. Gavin & F. McNicholas (2013). Payment of Research Participants: Current Practice and Policies of Irish Research Ethics Committees. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (9):591-593.score: 120.0
    Background Payment of research participants helps to increase recruitment for research studies, but can pose ethical dilemmas. Research ethics committees (RECs) have a centrally important role in guiding this practice, but standardisation of the ethical approval process in Ireland is lacking. Aim Our aim was to examine REC policies, experiences and concerns with respect to the payment of participants in research projects in Ireland. Method Postal survey of all RECs in Ireland. Results Response rate was 62.5% (n=50). 80% of RECs (...)
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  43. David Conner, Benjamin King, Jane Kolodinsky, Erin Roche, Christopher Koliba & Amy Trubek (2012). You Can Know Your School and Feed It Too: Vermont Farmers' Motivations and Distribution Practices in Direct Sales to School Food Services. Agriculture and Human Values 29 (3):321-332.score: 120.0
    Farm to School (FTS) programs are increasingly popular as methods to teach students about food, nutrition, and agriculture by connecting students with the sources of the food that they eat. They may also provide opportunity for farmers seeking to diversify market channels. Food service buyers in FTS programs often choose to procure food for school meals directly from farmers. The distribution practices required for such direct procurement often bring significant transaction costs for both school food service professionals and farmers. Analysis (...)
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  44. Andrea J. Frank (2004). Review of “Relational Frame Theory: A Post-Skinnerian Account of Human Language and Cognition” by Steven C. Hayes, Dermot Barnes-Holmes, and Bryan Roche (Eds). [REVIEW] Pragmatics and Cognition 12 (1):169-177.score: 120.0
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  45. Loïck Roche (forthcoming). Ethics and Management. Business Ethics: A Critical Approach: Integrating Ethics Across the Business World.score: 120.0
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  46. Brian Kelly (2012). Roche, Mark William. Why Choose the Liberal Arts? Review of Metaphysics 65 (4):892-893.score: 120.0
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  47. Christiane Klapisch-Zuber (2011). Valérie Deplaigne, L'héritage de Marie de la Roche-Guyon. Un conflit entre deux nobles lignages normands à la fin du Moyen Âge. Clio 2:03-03.score: 120.0
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  48. Bjarne Melkevik (1997). William Baranès Et Marie-Anne Frison-Roche, La Justice. L'obligation Impossible, Paris, Éditions Autrement (Série Morales, No 16), 1994, 215 P.William Baranès Et Marie-Anne Frison-Roche, La Justice. L'obligation Impossible, Paris, Éditions Autrement (Série Morales, No 16), 1994, 215 P. [REVIEW] Philosophiques 24 (1):208-209.score: 120.0
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  49. Bryan Roche, Anthony O'Reilly, Amanda Gavin, Maria R. Ruiz & Gabriela Arancibia (2012). Using Behavior-Analytic Implicit Tests to Assess Sexual Interests Among Normal and Sex-Offender Populations. Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology 2.score: 120.0
    Background: The development of implicit tests for measuring biases and behavioral predispositions is a recent development within psychology. While such tests are usually researched within a social-cognitive paradigm, behavioral researchers have also begun to view these tests as potential tests of conditioning histories, including in the sexual domain. Objective: The objective of this paper is to illustrate the utility of a behavioral approach to implicit testing and means by which implicit tests can be built to the standards of behavioral psychologists. (...)
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  50. Claire Serp, Anne Laurent, Mathieu Roche & Maguelonne Teisseire (2008). La quête du Graal et la réalité numérique. Corpus 7.score: 120.0
    Cet article présente un processus de fouille de données afin d’extraire des connaissances associées au motif de la parenté et de la famille dans un corpus en ancien français de la première moitié du XIIIe siècle. Après une numérisation puis un prétraitement des données fondé sur des techniques de TAL (Traitement Automatique du Langage), il a été procédé à une extraction de motifs séquentiels (enchaînements de voisinages de mots liés à la thématique traitée). Dans cet article, nous présentons les problèmes (...)
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