Across mammals, when fathers matter, as they did for hunter-gatherers, sex-similar pair-bonding mechanisms evolve. Attachment fertility theory can explain Schmitt's and other findings as resulting from a system of mechanisms affording pair-bonding in which promiscuous seeking is part. Departures from hunter-gatherer environments (e.g., early menarche, delayed marriage) can alter dating trajectories, thereby impacting mating outside of pair-bonds.
Although we find Gangestad & Simpson's argument intriguing, we question some of its underlying assumptions, including: (1) that fluctuating asymmetry (FA) is consistently heritable; (2) that symmetry is driving the effects; (3) that use of parametric tests with FA is appropriate; and (4) that a short-term mating strategy produces more offspring than a long-term strategy.
The effect of 10% pre-ageing deformation on the early precipitation behaviour in an AA6060 Al?Mg?Si alloy aged 10?min at 190°C was investigated by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) in ?100?Al projections. The precipitate nucleation was heterogeneous since all precipitates were found to grow on dislocation lines. The pre-ageing deformation suppresses growth of Gunier?Preston zones and ?? phase. The resulting precipitates are still largely coherent with the aluminium matrix. They appear with two main morphologies; one consists of independent, small cross-sections arising (...) from needles with disordered ?? and B? structures. The other morphology is a much more continuous decoration where precipitates have elongated and conjoined cross-sections and where a particular precipitate phase could not be determined. All precipitates in this work were found to contain a common near-hexagonal sub-cell (SC) with projected bases a?=?b?≈?0.4?nm. This strongly indicates that they are built over the same Si network, which recently has been demonstrated to exist in all precipitates in the Al?Mg?Si(?Cu) system. For the discrete morphology type the network has one hexagonal base vector parallel to or very near a ?510?Al direction. For the continuous type, one base vector falls along a ?100?Al direction. This orientation of the network is different from previous studies of ternary Al?Mg?Si alloys and must be a direct consequence of the deformation. (shrink)