Search results for 'William J. Kelleher' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. William J. Kelleher (2006). The God Delusion. Tradition and Discovery 33 (3):64-65.score: 870.0
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  2. J. Paul Kelleher (2010). Emergency Contraception and Conscientious Objection. Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (3):290-304.score: 240.0
    Emergency contraception — also known as the morning after pill — is marketed and sold, under various brand names, in over one hundred countries around the world. In some countries, customers can purchase the drug without a prescription. In others, a prescription must be presented to a licensed pharmacist. In virtually all of these countries, pharmacists are the last link in the chain of delivery. This article examines and ultimately rejects several standard moves in the bioethics literature on the right (...)
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  3. J. Paul Kelleher (forthcoming). Beneficence, Justice, and Health Care. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal.score: 240.0
    This paper argues that societal duties of health promotion are underwritten (at least in large part) by a principle of beneficence. Further, this principle generates duties of justice that correlate with rights, not merely “imperfect” duties of charity or generosity. To support this argument, I draw on a useful distinction from bioethics and on a somewhat neglected approach to social obligation from political philosophy. The distinction is that between general and specific beneficence; and the approach from political philosophy has at (...)
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  4. J. Paul Kelleher (forthcoming). Capabilities Versus Resources. Journal of Moral Philosophy.score: 240.0
    What is the correct metric of distributive justice? Proponents of the capability approach claim that distributive metrics should be articulated in terms of individuals’ effective abilities to achieve important and worthwhile goals. Defenders of resourcism, by contrast, maintain that metrics should instead focus on the distribution of external resources. This debate is now more than three decades old, and it has produced a vast and still growing literature. The present paper aims to provide a fresh perspective on this protracted debate. (...)
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  5. J. Paul Kelleher (2013). Real and Alleged Problems for Daniels's Account of Health Justice. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (4):388-399.score: 240.0
    Norman Daniels’s theory of health justice is the most comprehensive and systematic such theory we have. In one of the few articles published so far on Daniels’s new book, Just Health, Benjamin Sachs argues that Daniels’s core “principle of equality of opportunity does not do the work Daniels needs it to do.” Yet Sachs’s objections to Daniels’s framework are deeply flawed. Where these arguments do not rely on significant misreadings of Daniels, they ignore sensible strands in Just Health that considerably (...)
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  6. J. Paul Kelleher (2012). Energy Policy and the Social Discount Rate. Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (1):45 - 50.score: 240.0
    Ethics, Policy & Environment, Volume 15, Issue 1, Page 45-50, March 2012.
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  7. J. Paul Kelleher (forthcoming). Is There A Sacrifice-Free Solution to Climate Change? Ethics, Policy and Environment.score: 240.0
    John Broome claims that there is a sacrifice-free solution to climate change. He says this is a consequence of elementary economics. After explaining the economic argument in somewhat more detail than Broome, I show that the argument is unsound. A main problem with it stems from Derek Parfit’s “nonidentity effect.” But there is hope, since the nonidentity effect underwrites a more philosophical yet more plausible route to a sacrifice-free solution. So in the end I join Broome in asking economists and (...)
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  8. J. Paul Kelleher (2013). Prevention, Rescue and Tiny Risks. Public Health Ethics 6 (3):pht032.score: 240.0
    Contrary to popular belief, population-wide preventive measures are rarely cost-reducing. Yet they can still be cost-effective, and indeed more cost-effective than treatment. This is often true of preventive measures that work by slightly reducing the already low risks of death faced by many people. This raises a difficult moral question: when we must choose between life-saving treatment, on the one hand, and preventive measures that avert even more deaths, on the other, is the case for prevention weakened when it works (...)
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  9. William Kelleher (2008). Respect and Empathy in the Social Scicnce Writings of Michael Polanyi. Tradition and Discovery 35 (1):8-32.score: 240.0
    This essay first explains Polanyi’s theory of the evolutionary genesis of humanity’s distinctive calling to strive to be rational. It shows how Polanyi envisioned human rationality as necessarily entailing a natural respect for other people. Finally, the essay shows how Polanyi shapes a method for a critical social seience, which is consistent with his understanding of human rationality.
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  10. J. Paul Kelleher (forthcoming). Relevance and Non-Consequentialist Aggregation. Utilitas.score: 240.0
    Interpersonal aggregation involves the combining and weighing of benefits and losses to multiple individuals in the course of determining what ought to be done. Most consequentialists embrace thoroughgoing interpersonal aggregation, the view that any large benefit to each of a few people can be morally outweighed by allocating any smaller benefit to each of many others, so long as this second group is sufficiently large. This would permit letting one person die in order to cure some number of mild headaches (...)
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  11. Michael J. Kelleher (1998). Commentary on" Suicide, Euthanasia, and the Psychiatrist". Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (2):145-149.score: 240.0
  12. J. Paul Kelleher, Efficiency and Equity in Health: Philosophical Considerations. Encyclopedia of Health Economics Vol. 1.score: 240.0
    Efficiency and equity are central concepts for the normative assessment of health policy. Drawing on the work of academic philosophers and philosophically sophisticated economists, this article identifies important philosophical questions implicated by the notions of efficiency and equity and then summarizes influential answers to them. Promising avenues for further philosophical research are also highlighted, especially in the context of health equity and its elusive ethical foundations.
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  13. J. Paul Kelleher (2014). Public Health Paternalism and ‘Expenditure Harm’. Hastings Center Report 44 (4):4.score: 240.0
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  14. J. Paul Kelleher, Health Inequalities and Relational Egalitarianism.score: 240.0
    Much of the philosophical literature on health inequalities seeks to establish the superiority of one or another conception of luck egalitarianism. In recent years, however, an increasing number of self-avowed egalitarian philosophers have proposed replacing luck egalitarianism with alternatives that stress the moral relevance of distinct relationships, rather than the moral relevance of good or bad luck. After briefly explaining why I am not attracted to luck egalitarianism, I seek in this chapter to distinguish and clarify three views that have (...)
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  15. J. Paul Kelleher (2012). Review Of: Prevention Vs. Treatment: What’s the Right Balance? [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 201203.score: 240.0
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  16. J. Paul Kelleher (forthcoming). Review Of: Death or Disability?: The ‘Carmentis Machine’ and Decision-Making for Critically Ill Children. [REVIEW] Mind.score: 240.0
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  17. Kelleher Michael J. (forthcoming). Commentary on "Suicide, Euthanasia, and the Psychiatrist". Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (2):145-149.score: 28.0
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  18. William Kelleher Storey (1998). Review of 'Colonial Technology: Science and the Transfer of Innovation to Australia' by Jan Todd. [REVIEW] Social Epistemology 12 (2):135 – 141.score: 24.0
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