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  1. David Gooding, William J. McKinney, Harry M. Marks, Jeff Hughes & Alan Chalmers (1999). What Can Particle Physicists Count On? Metascience 8 (3):356-392.
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  2. Cassandra Pinnick, William J. McKinney & Steve Fuller (1998). Hearts and Minds. Metascience 7 (1):7-39.
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  3. William J. McKinney (1997). The Educational Use of Computer Based Science Simulations: Some Lessons From the Philosophy of Science. Science and Education 6 (6):591-603.
    Examines some of the potential and some of the problems inherent in using computerized simulations in science and science studies classes by applying lessons from the epistemology of science. While computer simulations are useful pedagogical tools, they are not experiments and thus are of only limited utility as substitutes for actual laboratories. Contains 20 references. (Author/PVD).
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  4. William J. McKinney (1996). Prediction and Rolston's Environmental Ethics: Lessons From the Philosophy of Science. Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (4):429-440.
    Rolston (1988) argues that in order to act ethically in the environment, moral agents must assume that their actions are potentially harmful, and then strive to prove otherwise before implementing that action. In order to determine whether or not an action in the environment is harmful requires the tools of applied epistemology in order to act in accord with Rolston’s ethical prescription. This link between ethics and epistemology demands a closer look at the relationship between confirmation theory, particularly notions of (...)
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  5. William J. McKinney (1995). Between Justification and Pursuit: Understanding the Technological Essence of Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 26 (3):455-468.
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  6. William J. Mckinney (1991). Experimenting on and Experimenting With: Polywater and Experimental Realism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (3):295-307.
    With the careful use of the polywater episode in the history of chemistry as a case study, I will show that the distinction recently made in the philosophy of science between experimenting on an entity and manipulating that entity is best seen as a distinction between experimenting on, and experimenting with, that entity. The polywater case also reveals that Ian Hacking's 1983 manipulability criterion is not a necessary condition for realism, and that scientists can, and do, justifiably change their minds (...)
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