Search results for 'World Health' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  11
    Tikki Pang (2011). Developing Medicines in Line with Global Public Health Needs: The Role of the World Health Organization. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (2):290-297.
    “I want my leadership to be judged by the impact of our work on the health of two populations: women and the people of Africa.” This is how Dr. Margaret Chan, the current Director-General of the World Health Organization , described her leadership mission. The reason behind this mission is evident. Women and girls constitute 70% of the world’s poor and 80% of the world’s refugees. Gender violence against women aged 15–44 is responsible for more (...)
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  2.  18
    Alison Bashford (2006). Global Biopolitics and the History of World Health. History of the Human Sciences 19 (1):67-88.
    Many scholars have historicized biopolitics with reference to the emergence of sovereign nations and their colonial extensions over the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. This article begins to conceptualize and trace the history of biopolitics beyond the nation, arguing that the history of world health - the great 20th-century reach of 19th-century health and hygiene - should be understood as a vital politics of population on a newly large field of play. This substantive history of world (...)
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  3.  15
    Ilona Kickbusch, Wolfgang Hein & Gaudenz Silberschmidt (2010). Addressing Global Health Governance Challenges Through a New Mechanism: The Proposal for a Committee C of the World Health Assembly. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 38 (3):550-563.
    The field of global health has reached a critical juncture, where both its visibility and the complexity of its challenges are unprecedented. The World Health Organization, as the only global health actor possessing both democratic and formal legal legitimacy, is best positioned to capitalize on this new, precarious situation in public health and respond with the governance innovation that is needed to bring the increasingly chaotic network of activities and entities affecting health outcomes under (...)
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  4.  2
    A. G. Fraser (1977). Medical Migration and World Health. Journal of Medical Ethics 3 (4):179-182.
    Everyone knows that British doctors are emigrating and that other doctors, mostly from the third world, are immigrating to Britain. Also everyone thinks that he knows the reasons why. However, the Edinburgh Medical Group thought the various reasons for this medical migration should be examined more closely, and held a symposium (Chairman, Professor A S Duncan, Professor Emeritus of Medical Education in the University of Edinburgh) to examine the causes for medical migration at the present time. Medical teaching and (...)
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  5. Ilona Kickbusch, Wolfgang Hein & Gaudenz Silberschmidt (2010). Addressing Global Health Governance Challenges Through a New Mechanism: The Proposal for a Committee C of the World Health Assembly. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (3):550-563.
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  6.  12
    John J. Carvalho (2007). The Scientist as Statesman: Biologists and Third World Health. Zygon 42 (2):289-300.
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  7.  22
    Margaret P. Battin (2008). Angela Ballantyne has a BSc in Genetics and a PhD in Bioethics. She has Worked for the World Health Organization (Geneva), Imperial College London (UK), Monash University, and Flinders University (Australia). Her Interests Include Research Ethics, Global Health, Exploitation, Genethics, and Public Health Ethics. [REVIEW] International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (1).
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  8. Udo Schuklenk & Peter Sy (2007). Health : Developing World Health Issues. In Jesper Ryberg, Thomas S. Petersen & Clark Wolf (eds.), New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave Macmillan
     
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  9.  10
    Derek Yach (1998). Health and Illness: The Definition of the World Health Organization. [REVIEW] Ethik in der Medizin 10 (1):7-13.
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  10.  2
    Norman Howard-Jones (1981). The World Health Organization in Historical Perspective. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 24 (3):467-482.
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  11.  4
    D. A. Willoughby (1964). The Use of Vital and Health Statistics for Genetic and Radiation Studies. Proceedings of the Seminar Sponsored by the United Nations and the World Health Organization, Held in Geneva, September 5th-9th, 1960. [REVIEW] The Eugenics Review 55 (4):230.
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  12.  6
    Paul Weindling (1997). Philanthropy and World Health: The Rockefeller Foundation and the League of Nations Health Organisation. Minerva 35 (3):269-281.
  13.  5
    Melissa Parker (2000). Integrated Management of Childhood Illness: A WHO/UNICEF Initiative. Supplement No. 1 to Volume 75 of the Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Pp. 128. (World Health Organization, Geneva, 1997.) US $18, ISBN 92-4-068750-5. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 32 (3):421-432.
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  14.  2
    Democratic Party (2004). The Week in Europe is Frequently Concerned with Health Issues. One of These Appeared in July: The European Commission and the World Health Organization Have Agreed a Strategic. Nursing Ethics 11 (6).
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  15.  1
    W. Rudowski (1980). World Health Organisation Biomedical Research Guidelines and the Conduct of Clinical Trials. Journal of Medical Ethics 6 (2):58-60.
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  16.  3
    A. M. Brown (1970). Infant Nutrition in the Sub-Tropics and Tropics. By D. B. Jellife. Pp. 336. (Second Edition: World Health Organization, Geneva, 1968. Monograph Series, No. 29). Price 54s. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 2 (1):85-87.
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  17.  1
    Karen M. Booth (1998). National Mother Global Whore and Transnational Femocrats: The Politics of AIDS and the Construction of Women at the World Health Organization. Feminist Studies 24 (1):115-39.
  18.  1
    Christine Hallett & Lis Wagner (2011). Promoting the Health of Europeans in a Rapidly Changing World: A Historical Study of the Implementation of World Health Organisation Policies by the Nursing and Midwifery Unit, European Regional Office, 1970-2003. Nursing Inquiry 18 (4):359-368.
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  19.  1
    Elena Godina (2002). Reduction of Maternal Mortality. A Joint WHO/UNFPA/UNICEF/World Bank Statement. Pp. 40, Available in English, French and Spanish. (World Health Organization, Geneva, 1999.) US$12.60, ISBN 92-4-156195-5. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 34 (2):287-288.
  20.  1
    A. J. Davis (2001). Report of the World Health Assembly 2001. Nursing Ethics 8 (6):554-555.
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  21.  1
    Elena Godina (2004). Children in the New Millennium: Environmental Impact on Health. By UNEP, UNICEF & WHO. Pp. 142. (World Health Organization, 2002.) SwFr 15.00, 92–4-159016–5, Paperback. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (6):741-742.
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  22. Sudeepa Abeysinghe (2014). An Uncertain Risk: The World Health Organization's Account of H1N1. Science in Context 27 (3):511-529.
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  23. P. F. Basch (1989). Biomedical Innovation and World Health. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 33 (4):501-508.
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  24. This Essay Was Written Before March (1994). When Trials of RU486 Began in Melbourne and Sydney Under the Auspices of the World Health Organisation's Human Reproduction Program. See Melinda Tankard Reist,(1994) RU486 Trials-Controversy in Australia. [REVIEW] Bioethics Research Notes 6 (3):25-26.
     
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  25. Lawrence O. Gostin (2015). World Health Organization Reform: Lessons Learned From the Ebola Epidemic. Hastings Center Report 45 (2):6-7.
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  26. Anne Hardy (2009). John Farley.Brock Chisholm, the World Health Organization, and the Cold War. Xiv + 254 Pp., Figs., Tables, Bibl., Index. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2008. $85. [REVIEW] Isis 100 (2):437-438.
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  27. J. P. Jardel (1993). Distinguished Guests and Colleagues, Ladies and Gentlemen. The Director-General of the World Health Organization, Dr Hiroshi Nakajima, Absent From Geneva, has Asked Me to Represent Him Today at the Beginning of This Important Conference. It is Therefore My. In Zbigniew Bańkowski & Robert J. Levine (eds.), Ethics and Research on Human Subjects: International Guidelines: Proceedings of the Xxvith Cioms Conference, Geneva, Switzerland, 5-7 February 1992. Cioms 2.
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  28. Hannah Landecker (2007). Kirsten Ostherr.Cinematic Prophylaxis: Globalization and Contagion in the Discourse of World Health.Xii + 275 Pp., Illus., Figs., Apps., Bibl., Index. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2005. $22.95. [REVIEW] Isis 98 (2):411-412.
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  29. Melissa Parker (2000). HIV and Infant Feeding. (World Health Organization, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and United Nations Children's Fund, 1998.) US $14.40. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 32 (2):286-287.
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  30. Aj Voelke (1991). Health of the World, Health of the Individual, Marcus-Aurelius'ad Se Ipsum Libri XII'v-8. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 45 (178):322-335.
     
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  31. Lisa Fuller (2012). International NGO Health Programs in a Non-Ideal World: Imperialism, Respect & Procedural Justice. In E. Emanuel J. Millum (ed.), Global Justice and Bioethics. Oxford University Press 213-240.
    Many people in the developing world access essential health services either partially or primarily through programs run by international non-governmental organizations (INGOs). Given that such programs are typically designed and run by Westerners, and funded by Western countries and their citizens, it is not surprising that such programs are regarded by many as vehicles for Western cultural imperialism. In this chapter, I consider this phenomenon as it emerges in the context of development and humanitarian aid programs, particularly those (...)
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  32.  53
    I. V. Carvalho (2009). Our Common Enemy: Combatting the World's Deadliest Viruses to Ensure Equity Health Care in Developing Nations. Zygon 44 (1):51-63.
    In a previous issue of Zygon (Carvalho 2007), I explored the role of scientists—especially those engaging the science-religion dialogue—within the arena of global equity health, world poverty, and human rights. I contended that experimental biologists, who might have reduced agency because of their professional workload or lack of individual resources, can still unite into collective forces with other scientists as well as human rights organizations, medical doctors, and political and civic leaders to foster progressive change in our (...). In this article, I present some recent findings from research on three emerging viruses—HIV, dengue, and rotavirus—to explore the factors that lead to the geographical expansion of these viruses and the increase in frequency of the infectious diseases they cause. I show how these viruses are generating problems for geopolitical stability, human rights, and equity health care for developing nations that are already experiencing a growing poverty crisis. I suggest some avenues of future research for the scientific community for the movement toward resolution of these problems and indicate where the science-religion field can be of additional aid. (shrink)
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  33.  3
    A. Wagstaff (2001). Economics, Health and Development: Some Ethical Dilemmas Facing the World Bank and the International Community. Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (4):262-267.
    The World Bank is committed to “work[ing] with countries to improve the health, nutrition and population outcomes of the world's poor, and to protect[ing] the population from the impoverishing effects of illness, malnutrition and high fertility”.1 Ethical issues arise in the interpretation of these objectives and in helping countries formulate strategies and policies. It is these ethical issues—which are often not acknowledged by commentators—that are the subject of this paper. It asks why there should be a focus (...)
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  34.  11
    Teri Chettiar (2012). Democratizing Mental Health Motherhood, Therapeutic Community and the Emergence of the Psychiatric Family at the Cassel Hospital in Post-Second World War Britain. History of the Human Sciences 25 (5):107-122.
    Shortly following the Second World War, and under the medical direction of ex-army psychiatrist T. F. Main, the Cassel Hospital for Functional Nervous Disorders emerged as a pioneering democratic ‘therapeutic community’ in the treatment of mental illness. This definitive movement away from conventional ‘custodial’ assumptions about the function of the psychiatric hospital initially grew out of a commitment to sharing therapeutic responsibility between patients and staff and to preserving patients’ pre-admission responsibilities and social identities. However, by the mid-1950s, hospital (...)
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  35.  11
    Shelley Morrisette, William D. Oberman, Allison D. Watts & Joseph B. Beck (2015). Health Care: A Brave New World. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 23 (1):88-105.
    The current U.S. health care system, with both rising costs and demands, is unsustainable. The combination of a sense of individual entitlement to health care and limited acceptance of individual responsibility with respect to personal health has contributed to a system which overspends and underperforms. This sense of entitlement has its roots in a perceived right to health care. Beginning with the so-called moral right to health care, the issue of who provides health care (...)
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  36. Patrick Bracken & Philip Thomas (2006). Postpsychiatry: Mental Health in a Postmodern World. Oxford University Press Uk.
    How are we to make sense of madness and psychosis? For most of us the words conjure up images from television and newspapers of seemingly random, meaningless violence. It is something to be feared, something to be left to the experts. But is madness best thought of as a medical condition? Psychiatrists and the drug industry maintain that psychoses are brain disorders amenable to treatment with drugs, but is this actually so? There is no convincing evidence that the brain is (...)
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  37.  21
    Neil Arya & Joanna Santa Barbara (eds.) (2008). Peace Through Health: How Health Professionals Can Work for a Less Violent World. Kumarian Press.
    Those considering careers in medicine and other health and humanitarian disciplines as well as those concerned about the growing presence of militarized ...
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  38. Sirrku Kristiina Hellsten (2001). From Human Wrongs to Universal Rights: Communication and Feminist Challenges for the Promotion of Women's Health in the Third World. Developing World Bioethics 1 (2):98–115.
    This article argues that in the quest for global bioethics in its relation to the promotion of women's health and women's rights, the main challenge is to, first, rise above the relativist trap and second, to solve the false dilemma between individualism and collectivism. Particularly in order to improve women's position and advance their well‐being in many developing countries with patriarchal cultural practices, there is an urgent need to introduce modern medicine and to share more evenly and efficiently the (...)
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  39.  8
    Shelley Morrisette, William D. Oberman, Allison D. Watts & Joseph B. Beck (2015). Erratum To: Health Care: A Brave New World. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 23 (1):106-106.
    Erratum to: Health Care Anal DOI 10.1007/s10728-013-0244-5In the original version of this paper, unfortunately, there happened to be a mistake in the paragraph “Several studies have compared health…better results or lower costs [7].” under the section “Health Care is NOT a Right?”The incorrect sentence is: For example, hip and knee replacements are not performed on Canadian and UK citizens after 77 .The correct sentence is: For example, hip and knee replacements in Canada and the UK are prioritized (...)
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  40. Paula Lobato de Faria (ed.) (2006). The Role of Health Law, Bioethics, and Human Rights to Promote a Safer and Healthier World. Fundação Luso-Americana.
  41. Norman Daniels (2008). Just Health: Meeting Health Needs Fairly. Cambridge University Press.
    In this new book by the award-winning author of Just Healthcare, Norman Daniels develops a comprehensive theory of justice for health that answers three key questions: What is the special moral importance of health? When are health inequalities unjust? How can we meet health needs fairly when we cannot meet them all? The theory has implications for national and global health policy: Can we meet health needs fairly in aging societies? Or protect health (...)
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  42.  46
    H. Tristram Engelhardt (2011). Core Competencies for Health Care Ethics Consultants: In Search of Professional Status in a Post-Modern World. HEC Forum 23 (3):129-145.
    The American Society for Bioethics and the Humanities (ASBH) issued its Core Competencies for Health Care Ethics Consultation just as it is becoming ever clearer that secular ethics is intractably plural and without foundations in any reality that is not a social–historical construction (ASBH Core Competencies for Health Care Ethics Consultation , 2nd edn. American Society for Bioethics and Humanities, Glenview, IL, 2011 ). Core Competencies fails to recognize that the ethics of health care ethics consultants is (...)
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  43.  18
    Adnan A. Hyder & Liza Dawson (2005). Defining Standard of Care in the Developing World: The Intersection of International Research Ethics and Health Systems Analysis. Developing World Bioethics 5 (2):142–152.
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  44.  7
    Benjamin Mason Meier (2007). Advancing Health Rights in a Globalized World: Responding to Globalization Through a Collective Human Right to Public Health. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 35 (4):545-555.
    The right to health was codified in Article 12 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as an individual right, focusing on individual health services at the expense of public health systems. This article assesses the ways in which the individual human right to health has evolved to meet collective threats to the public's health. Despite its repeated expansions, the individual right to health remains normatively incapable of addressing the injurious societal (...)
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  45.  33
    Gopal Sreenivasan (2007). Health and Justice in Our Non-Ideal World. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (2):218-236.
    In this article, I explore some advantages of viewing well-being in terms of an individual's health status. Principally, I argue that this perspective makes it easier to establish that rich countries at least have an obligation to transfer 1 percent of their GDP to poor countries. If properly targeted at the fundamental determinants of health in developing countries, this transfer would very plausibly yield a disproportionate `bang for the buck' in terms of individual well-being. This helps to explain (...)
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  46.  26
    Daniel M. Hausman, Yukiko Asada & Thomas Hedemann (2002). Health Inequalities and Why They Matter. Health Care Analysis 10 (2):177-191.
    Health inequalities are of concern both becausestudying them may help one learn how to improvehealth and because health inequalities may beunjust. This paper argues that attending tothese reasons why health inequalities may beimportant undercuts the claims of researchersat the World Health Organization in favor offocusing on individual health variation ratherthan on social group health differences. Inequalities in individual health are of littleinterest unless one goes on to study how theyare related to other (...)
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  47.  12
    Shawn H. E. Harmon (2009). International Public Health Law: Not so Much WHO as Why, and Not Enough WHO and Why Not? [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (3):245-255.
    To state the obvious, “health matters”, but health (or its equitable enjoyment) is neither simple nor easy. Public health in particular, which encompasses a broad collection of complex and multidisciplinary activities which are critical to the wellbeing and security of individuals, populations and nations, is a difficult milieu to master effectively. In fact, despite the vital importance of public health, there is a relative dearth of ethico-legal norms tailored for, and directed at, the public health (...)
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  48.  5
    Yukiko Asada (2006). Is Health Inequality Across Individuals of Moral Concern? Health Care Analysis 14 (1):25-36.
    The history of the documentation of health inequality is long. The way in which health inequality has customarily been documented is by comparing differences in the average health across groups, for example, by sex or gender, income, education, occupation, or geographic region. In the controversial World Health Report 2000, researchers at the World Health Organization criticized this traditional practice and proposed to measure health inequality across individuals irrespective of individuals’ group affiliation. They (...)
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  49.  1
    Charles Mpofu, Tarun Sen Gupta & Richard Hays (forthcoming). The Ethics of Medical Practitioner Migration From Low-Resourced Countries to the Developed World: A Call for Action by Health Systems and Individual Doctors. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-12.
    Medical migration appears to be an increasing global phenomenon, with complex contributing factors. Although it is acknowledged that such movements are inevitable, given the current globalized economy, the movement of health professionals from their country of training raises questions about equity of access and quality of care. Concerns arise if migration occurs from low- and middle-income countries to high-income countries. The actions of HICs receiving medical practitioners from LMICs are examined through the global justice theories of John Rawls and (...)
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  50.  3
    Helen L. Walls, Colin D. Butler, Jane Dixon & Indira Samarawickrema (2015). Implications of Structure Versus Agency for Addressing Health and Well-Being in Our Ecologically Constrained World: With a Focus on Prospects for Gender Equity. Ijfab: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 8 (2):47-69.
    Individual choice and freedom are repeatedly invoked in contemporary policy debates, including those with a focus on risk behaviors such as smoking and health insurance coverage. The idea of making the right choice with regard to health and well-being has been fortified by the neoliberal discourse of self-reliance, personal autonomy, and responsibility. This neoliberal view, stemming from the conceptualization of freedom of philosopher John Stuart Mill justifying the freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state control, holds (...)
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