Search results for 'World War III' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Harmon R. Holcomb Iii (1998). Explaining World History: Marxism, Evolutionism, and Sociobiology. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 13 (4):597-618.score: 360.0
  2. Edmund Burke Iii (1998). Orientalism and World History: Representing Middle Eastern Nationalism and Islamism in the Twentieth Century. [REVIEW] Theory and Society 27 (4):489-507.score: 360.0
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  3. Mitchell R. Thomas Iii (2005). War, Morality, and Autonomy. Journal of Value Inquiry 39 (2):267-271.score: 360.0
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  4. M. A. Gareev (1998). If War Comes Tomorrow?: The Contours of Future Armed Conflict. Frank Cass.score: 261.0
    Military affairs have been affected by major changes in the 19902. The bipolar world of two superpowers has gone. The Cold War and the global military confrontation that accompanied it have ended. A new military and political order has emerged, but the world has not become more stable, indeed, wars and armed conflict have become much more common. Forecasting the contours of future armed conflict is the primary object of this work. Focusing on the impact of new technologies, (...)
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  5. Matthis Krischel (2010). Perceived Hereditary Effect of World War I: A Study of the Positions of Friedrich von Bernhardi and Vernon Kellogg. [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 2 (2):139-150.score: 224.0
    This paper explores the question whether war was regarded as eugenic or dysgenic before, during and after the First World War. The main focus is on the positions of the German military officer and historian Friedrich von Bernhardi, who in Germany and the Next War , first published in 1912, argued for war as eugenic, and Vernon Kellogg’s Headquarters Nights, published in 1917, which marks an important work characterizing war as dysgenic. I argue that an international community of (...)
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  6. Codruta Cuceu (2010). Identity Under (Re)Construction: The Jewish Community From Transylvania Before and After the Second World War. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 7 (19):30-42.score: 224.0
    When talking about the identity of a certain community, we are inclined to appeal to essentialist, almost metaphysical notions. This often results in a unitary, deeply rooted and stable perception of the analyzed community. But this view is not always accurate enough, for it does not offer an account of a specific history. By offering a short history and a structural presentation of the Jewish community from Transylvania, before and shortly after the Second World War, our article’s purpose is (...)
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  7. Patrick Petitjean (2008). The Joint Establishment of the World Federation of Scientific Workers and of UNESCO After World War II. Minerva 46 (2):247-270.score: 220.0
    The World Federation of Scientific Workers (WFScW) and UNESCO share roots in the Social Relations of Science (SRS) movements and in the Franco-British scientific relations which developed in the 1930s. In this historical context (the Great Depression, the rise of Fascism and the Nazi use of science, the social and intellectual fascination for the USSR), a new model of scientific internationalism emerged, where science and politics mixed. Many progressive scientists were involved in the war efforts against Nazism, and tried (...)
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  8. Jo Vellacott (1980/1981). Bertrand Russell and the Pacifists in the First World War. St. Martin's Press.score: 196.0
     
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  9. Virginia Parrott Williams (1987). Surrealism, Quantum Philosophy, and World War I. Garland.score: 196.0
  10. Nolen Gertz, Censorship, Propaganda, and the Production of 'Shell Shock' in World War I. War Fronts: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on War, Virtual War, and Human Security.score: 174.0
    In discussing warfare we tend to maintain a theoretical cleavage between the "home front" and the "battle front" that is supposed to parallel the physical distance that separates them. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the academic literature that surrounds World War I, with each discipline for decades having studied its correspondent aspect of the war. While this has provided us with incredibly detailed research into the minutiae of battles and the changing attitudes of the masses, it has (...)
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  11. Jagdish Mehra, Kimball A. Milton & Peter Rembiesa (1999). The Young Julian Schwinger. IV. During the Second World War. Foundations of Physics 29 (6):967-1010.score: 168.0
    In this series of articles the early life and work of the young Julian Schwinger are explored. In the present article, Schwinger's work at the MIT Radiation Laboratory during the Second World War is described.
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  12. I. I. I. Costs, Modal Statements Are About What Could Have Been: Hitler Could Have Won World War II; I Could Have Been a Fisherman; the Speed of Light Could Have Been Twice as Fast as It Actually is; Swans Could..score: 168.0
    Hitler could have won World War II; I could have been a fisherman; The speed of light could have been twice as fast as it actually is; Swans could have been black; It’s impossible for there to be round squares; Necessarily, 2+2=4. Modal statements also include counterfactual statements: Scientific: If the speed of light were faster, atomic explosions would be more deadly; Ethical: If you hadn’t have made the deceased play on the motorway, he would’ve lived; Everyday: If I (...)
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  13. Teri Chettiar (2012). Democratizing Mental Health Motherhood, Therapeutic Community and the Emergence of the Psychiatric Family at the Cassel Hospital in Post-Second World War Britain. History of the Human Sciences 25 (5):107-122.score: 168.0
    Shortly following the Second World War, and under the medical direction of ex-army psychiatrist T. F. Main, the Cassel Hospital for Functional Nervous Disorders emerged as a pioneering democratic ‘therapeutic community’ in the treatment of mental illness. This definitive movement away from conventional ‘custodial’ assumptions about the function of the psychiatric hospital initially grew out of a commitment to sharing therapeutic responsibility between patients and staff and to preserving patients’ pre-admission responsibilities and social identities. However, by the mid-1950s, hospital (...)
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  14. Ian Burney (2012). War on Fear Solly Zuckerman and Civilian Nerve in the Second World War. History of the Human Sciences 25 (5):49-72.score: 168.0
    This article examines the processes through which civilian fear was turned into a practicable investigative object in the inter-war period and the opening stages of the Second World War, and how it was invested with significance at the level of science and of public policy. Its focus is on a single historical actor, Solly Zuckerman, and on his early war work for the Ministry of Home Security-funded Extra Mural Unit based in Oxford’s Department of Anatomy (OEMU). It examines the (...)
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  15. P. C. Wever & L. van Bergen (2012). Prevention of Tetanus During the First World War. Medical Humanities 38 (2):78-82.score: 168.0
    The emergence of tetanus in wounded soldiers during the first months of the First World War (WWI) resulted from combat on richly manured fields in Belgium and Northern France, the use of modern explosives that produced deep tissue wounds and the intimate contact between the soldier and the soil upon which he fought. In response, routine prophylactic injections with anti-tetanus serum were given to wounded soldiers removed from the firing line. Subsequently, a steep fall in the incidence of tetanus (...)
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  16. Edgar Jones (2012). 'The Gut War' Functional Somatic Disorders in the UK During the Second World War. History of the Human Sciences 25 (5):30-48.score: 168.0
    Hospital admission and mortality statistics suggested that peptic ulcer reached a peak prevalence in the mid-1950s. During the Second World War, against this background of serious and common pathology, an epidemic of dyspepsia afflicted both service personnel and civilians alike. In the absence of reliable diagnostic techniques, physicians struggled to distinguish between life-threatening illness and mild, temporary disorders. This article explores the context in which non-ulcer stomach conditions flourished. At a time when fear was considered defeatist and overt psychological (...)
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  17. Marietta Meier (2009). “Adjusting” People: Conceptions of the Self in Psychosurgery After World War II. [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 1 (4):353-366.score: 168.0
    Between 1935 and 1970, tens of thousands of people worldwide underwent brain operations due to psychiatric indication that were intended to positively influence their mental state and behaviour. The majority of these psychosurgical procedures were prefrontal lobotomies. Developed in 1935, the procedure initially met with fierce opposition, but was introduced in numerous countries in the following decade, and was employed up until the late 1960s. This article investigates why psychosurgery was widely accepted after World War II. It examines the (...)
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  18. Julia Resnik (2007). The Democratisation of the Education System in France After the Second World War: A Neo-Weberian Glocal Approach to Education Reforms. British Journal of Educational Studies 55 (2):155 - 181.score: 168.0
    The structural reforms of the education system in France (1959, 1963, and 1975) were part both of a global process of democratisation of education launched after the Second World War and of a larger modernisation project in which knowledge producers (experts, scholars and consultants) played a crucial role. Instead of a national approach or a world system approach to education reforms I propose a neo-Weberian glocal perspective that focuses on knowledge producers as a status group, education discourse structuration (...)
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  19. D. Davenport (2012). The War Against Bacteria: How Were Sulphonamide Drugs Used by Britain During World War II? Medical Humanities 38 (1):55-58.score: 168.0
    Next SectionPenicillin is often considered one of the greatest discoveries of 20th century medicine. However, the revolution in therapeutics brought about by sulphonamides also had a profound effect on British medicine, particularly during World War II (WWII). Sulphonamides were used to successfully treat many infections which later yielded to penicillin and so their role deserves wider acknowledgement. The sulphonamides, a pre-war German discovery, were widely used clinically. However, the revolution brought about by the drugs has been either neglected or (...)
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  20. Maurice A. Finocchiaro (2005). Gramsci, the First World War, and the Problem of Politics Vs Religion Vs Economics in War. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (4):407-419.score: 168.0
    Abstract This essay examines Gramsci?s writings about the First World War, primarily his immediate reflections in 1914?1918, but also relevant prison notes (1926?1937). The most striking feature of his attitude during the war years is ?Germanophilia?, a label I adapt from Croce, whose writings on the Great War also exhibited this attitude. A key common motivation was that political conflicts should not be turned into religious ones in which one portrays the enemy as an evil to be annihilated. But (...)
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  21. Nils Roll-Hansen (1980). Eugenics Before World War II: The Case of Norway. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 2 (2):269 - 298.score: 168.0
    During the first half of the twentieth century there was a marked decline in biological conceptions of man and society. This paper describes the development of the views concerning eugenics held by the Norwegian scientific expertise, from open racism before World War I to a moderate nonracist eugenic program in the 1930's. It is claimed that public criticism of the popular eugenics movement by the experts came earlier in Norway than in most other countries, including the United States. The (...)
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  22. Lydia N. Yu Jose (2012). Boundary Fluidity and Ideology: A Comparison of Japan's Pre-World War II and Present Regionalisms. Japanese Journal of Political Science 13 (1):105-129.score: 168.0
    There is a question that has not been raised in the literature on Japan's regionalism: Why does it have a strong tendency toward making the boundary of the proposed East Asian community fluid? By looking back beyond the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere of the 1940s, a method hitherto untried, the paper shows that this Japanese propensity was also present in the first half of the twentieth century, especially in the 1920s and 1930s. Moreover, both then and now, Japan did (...)
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  23. Gabriel Viorel Gardan & Marius Eppel (2012). The Romanian Emigration to the United States Until the First World War. Revisiting Opportunities and Vulnerabilities. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (32):256-287.score: 168.0
    The European emigration on the other side of the Atlantic was a complex phenomenon. The areas inhabited by Romanians got acquainted to this phenomenon towards the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth. Therefore, starting with the year 1895, a certain mixture of causes led to a massive migration to America, especially of the Romanians from the rural areas. The purpose of our study is to explore the causes of the Romanian emigration across the ocean up (...)
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  24. Jeffrey Herf (2006). Narratives of Totalitarianism: Nazism's Anti-Semitic Propaganda During World War II and the Holocaust. Telos 2006 (135):32-60.score: 168.0
    In recent decades, historians have probed the kinds of narratives that they tell in constructing the past. In the process, we have devoted too little attention to the ways that historical actors themselves translate beliefs and ideologies into narratives of events, which themselves become causal factors of great importance. In this essay, and the longer work from which it is drawn, I examine this translation as it emerged in Nazi Germany's anti-Semitic propaganda campaigns during World War II and the (...)
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  25. Nicolas Rasmussen (2002). Of `Small Men', Big Science and Bigger Business: The Second World War and Biomedical Research in the United States. [REVIEW] Minerva 40 (2):115-146.score: 168.0
    The Second World War is commonly said to have ushered in theera of `big science' in the United States. However, at least inpractically-oriented biomedical research, the American governmentadopted modes of sponsorship that were commonplace between scientistsand industry before the war. Furthermore, many life scientistsleading wartime projects were already familiar with industrialcollaboration. This essay argues that the new federal regimes introduced in the late 1940s and 1950s were more important than wartime experience in shaping the character of biomedical `big science' (...)
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  26. Claudia Wiesner & Anna Björk (2014). Introduction: Citizenship in Europe After World War II—the Challenges of Migration and European Integration. Contributions to the History of Concepts 9 (1):50-59.score: 168.0
    The concept of citizenship in Europe after World War II faces two major challenges: migration and European integration. This introduction precedes a group of articles examining debates and law-making processes related to the concept of citizenship in Europe after World War II. The introduction sketches the historical development of citizenship in European representative democracies, taking into account four basic dimensions (access to citizenship, citizenship rights, citizenship duties, and the active content of citizenship) for analyzing changes in the concept (...)
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  27. Katrina Witt (2010). Ukrainian Memory and Victimhood Narratives After the Second World War. Constellations 1 (2).score: 168.0
    Memory can be selective and Ukrainian people are no exception. This paper examines the victimhood narrative of Ukrainians following the Second World War. Although they suffered greatly, through the war, the victimhood narrative denies their actions during the war. One component of this narrative involves ignoring Ukrainian involvement with Nazis in order to preserve their memory of their Great Heroes of WWII. Other aspects will also be considered.
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  28. Norriss S. Hetherington (1991). Air Power and Governmental Support for Scientific Research: The Approach to the Second World War. [REVIEW] Minerva 29 (4):420-439.score: 168.0
    The development of radar, jet propulsion, ballistic missiles and the atomic bomb during the Second World War established and made visible to an unprecedented degree governmentally supported and directed research and development. National survival was now seen to depend on the mobilisation of a country's talents and resources in science and technology for military purposes.Prior to the Second World War, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics had established its own role in research. It also established the legitimacy of (...)
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  29. Jean Lindenmann (2002). Typhus Vaccine Developments From the First to the Second World War (On Paul Weindling's 'Between Bacteriology and Virology...'). History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (3/4):467 - 485.score: 164.0
    After the louse transmission of epidemic typhus had been established (1909), a small microorganism (thought to belong to a new genus, Rickettsia) was shown in enormous numbers in the guts of lice that had fed on human typhus victims. Attempts at cultivating this organism on inert media failed; tansfer from louse to louse without loss of virulence for the vertebrate host was successful. Some scientists were not convinced of the etiologic role of Rickettsiae, because the presence of this microbe in (...)
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  30. A. R. L. Gurland (2008). Social Power and the Fetishization of Jews: American Labor Antisemitism During the Second World War. Telos 2008 (144):149-171.score: 146.0
    A considerable number of workers interviewed have stated their belief that Jews have too much power. The notion of power in this context has a wide range. It covers the most diversified phenomena—from holding minor positions in administration or business to dominating everything and wielding unchecked power over the world. The idea of Jewish power as it fascinates our interviewees is vague and hazy. To establish its real contents, it seems advisable to discuss these statements first that refer to (...)
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  31. Michele Valerie Ronnick (2013). Classical Spies: American Archaeologists with the OSS in World War II Greece by Susan Heuck Allen (Review). Classical World 106 (3):534-535.score: 146.0
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  32. Alan Kramer (2010). Prisoners in The First World War. In Sibylle Scheipers (ed.), Prisoners in War. Oup Oxford.score: 146.0
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  33. Davis Brown (2011). Introduction: The Just War Tradition and the Continuing Challenges to World Public Order. Journal of Military Ethics 10 (3):125-132.score: 144.0
    Abstract This introductory article argues that world public order continues to be challenged by the emergence of the doctrines of anticipatory self-defense and humanitarian intervention. These challenges may be better understood, and reconciled, by application of the just war tradition.
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  34. John Clammer (1999). Transcending Modernity? Individualism, Ethics and Japanese Discourses of Difference in the Post-War World. Thesis Eleven 57 (1):65-80.score: 144.0
    Intense debates have taken place in Japan about the country's role in the post-war world system and the question of whether Japan has achieved the modernity that makes it a member of and player in that system. These debates, however, have largely centred on a discourse of uniqueness, defined in cultural (and culturalist) terms. This domination of a single interpretative framework has suppressed alternative analyses of Japanese modernity. Some of the most significant of these alternative voices take the central (...)
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  35. Horatiu Crisan (2010). Peter L. Bergen, Holy War, Inc. Inside the Secret World of Osama Bin Laden. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 1 (2):203-205.score: 144.0
    Peter L. Bergen, Holy War, Inc. Inside the Secret World of Osama bin Laden, The Free Press, New York, 2001, 300 p.
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  36. [Name Unavailable] (2009). Rudolf Makkreel and Frithjof Rodi, Eds. Wilhelm Dilthey. Selected Works Vol. III: The Formation of the Historical World in the Human Sciences. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2002. [REVIEW] Analecta Hermeneutica 1 (1).score: 144.0
    [Book Review] Rudolf Makkreel and Frithjof Rodi, eds. Wilhelm Dilthey. Selected Works vol. III: The Formation of the Historical World in the Human Sciences. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2002.
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  37. Michael Walzer (1971). World War II: Why Was This War Different? Philosophy and Public Affairs 1 (1):3-21.score: 140.0
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  38. Kanako Ide (2009). The Debate on Patriotic Education in Post-World War II Japan. Educational Philosophy and Theory 41 (4):441-452.score: 140.0
    The debate over patriotic education in Japan is marked by power shifts between the two different political groups that have different views of the role of patriotic education. By analyzing the power shift from a historical perspective, this essay makes a point that one of the problems of the debate over patriotic education in Japan is that the debate has never been discussed in terms of the conception of patriotism.
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  39. Jörg Hackmann (2009). From National Victims to Transnational Bystanders? The Changing Commemoration of World War II in Central and Eastern Europe. Constellations 16 (1):167-181.score: 140.0
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  40. Peter Uwe Hohendahl (2010). The Crisis of Neo-Kantianism and the Reassessment of Kant After World War I: Preliminary Remark. Philosophical Forum 41 (1):17-39.score: 140.0
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  41. Graeme Gooday (2013). Combative Patenting: Military Entrepreneurship in First World War Telecommunications. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (2):247-258.score: 140.0
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  42. Seifudein Adem (2013). J. Calvitt Clarke, Alliance of the Colored Peoples: Ethiopia and Japan Before World War II, Oxford, UK: James Currey for the International African Institute, 2011, 198 Pp. (Hb 978-1-84701-043-8). [REVIEW] Japanese Journal of Political Science 14 (2):279-281.score: 140.0
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  43. Huang Chun-Chieh (2009). The Conservative Trend of Confucianism in Taiwan After World War II. Contemporary Chinese Thought 41 (1):49-69.score: 140.0
  44. L. L. Farrar (1991). A Subject Bibliography of the First World War. History of European Ideas 13 (6):865-866.score: 140.0
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  45. Jonathan Wolff, Philosophy at University College London: Part 1: From Jeremy Bentham to the Second World War.score: 140.0
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  46. B. A. Chagin (1964). The Role of the Subjective Factor in the Prevention of World War. Russian Studies in Philosophy 3 (3):3-8.score: 140.0
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  47. H. N. (1999). `What Blood Told Dr Cohn': World War II, Plasma Fractionation, and the Growth of Human Blood Research. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 30 (3):377-405.score: 140.0
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  48. Ann-Louise Shapiro (1997). Fixing History: Narratives of World War I in France. History and Theory 36 (4):111–130.score: 140.0
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  49. Peter J. Taylor (1988). Technocratic Optimism, H. T. Odum, and the Partial Transformation of Ecological Metaphor After World War II. Journal of the History of Biology 21 (2):213 - 244.score: 140.0
  50. Stanislaw Kaminski (1977). The Development of Logic and the Philosophy of Science in Poland After the Second World War. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 8 (1):163-171.score: 140.0
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