Search results for 'World War, 1914-1918 Literature and the war' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Virginia Parrott Williams (1987). Surrealism, Quantum Philosophy, and World War I. Garland.score: 1686.0
  2. Philip Howell (2013). The Dog Fancy at War: Breeds, Breeding, and Britishness, 1914-1918. Society and Animals 21 (6):546-567.score: 1345.0
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  3. Jo Vellacott (1980/1981). Bertrand Russell and the Pacifists in the First World War. St. Martin's Press.score: 1180.0
     
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  4. Maurice A. Finocchiaro (2005). Gramsci, the First World War, and the Problem of Politics Vs Religion Vs Economics in War. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (4):407-419.score: 1082.5
    Abstract This essay examines Gramsci?s writings about the First World War, primarily his immediate reflections in 1914?1918, but also relevant prison notes (1926?1937). The most striking feature of his attitude during the war years is ?Germanophilia?, a label I adapt from Croce, whose writings on the Great War also exhibited this attitude. A key common motivation was that political conflicts should not be turned into religious ones in which one portrays the enemy as an evil to be annihilated. But (...)
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  5. P. C. Wever & L. van Bergen (2012). Prevention of Tetanus During the First World War. Medical Humanities 38 (2):78-82.score: 1075.0
    The emergence of tetanus in wounded soldiers during the first months of the First World War (WWI) resulted from combat on richly manured fields in Belgium and Northern France, the use of modern explosives that produced deep tissue wounds and the intimate contact between the soldier and the soil upon which he fought. In response, routine prophylactic injections with anti-tetanus serum were given to wounded soldiers removed from the firing line. Subsequently, a steep fall in the incidence of tetanus (...)
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  6. R. M. Swain (2003). German Anglophobia and the Great War, 1914-1918. By Matthew Stibbe. The European Legacy 8 (4):534-534.score: 1002.0
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  7. Yasumasa Sato (1988). Modern Japanese Christian Literature After the Second World War. The Chesterton Review 14 (3):413-420.score: 992.0
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  8. Tasuku Endo (1988). Modern Japanese Christian Literature Prior to the Second World War. The Chesterton Review 14 (3):405-412.score: 992.0
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  9. Matei Calinescu (2010). Pt. II. Mircea Eliade : Literature and Politics. Eliade and Ionesco in the Post-World War II Years : Questions of Identity in Exile. [REVIEW] In Christian K. Wedemeyer & Wendy Doniger (eds.), Hermeneutics, Politics, and the History of Religions: The Contested Legacies of Joachim Wach and Mircea Eliade. Oxford University Press.score: 992.0
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  10. R. M. Swain (2003). Great War, Total War: Combat and Mobilization on the Western Front, 1914-1918. Edited by Roger Chickering and Stig Forster. [REVIEW] The European Legacy 8 (1):130-130.score: 992.0
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  11. Domenico Felice (1985). Italian Literature on Thomas Hobbes After the Second World War. Topoi 4 (1):121-128.score: 980.0
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  12. Michael Behnen (1986). The July Crisis and the Outbreak of the First World War in 1914. Philosophy and History 19 (2):139-140.score: 980.0
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  13. Domenico Felice (1986). Italian Literature on Thomas Hobbes After the Second World War Part II: 1956–1965. Topoi 5 (2):201-208.score: 980.0
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  14. Konrad Fuchs (1981). Rearmament and Domestic Policy in France Before the First World War. The Introduction of Three-Year Military Service, 1913–1914. Philosophy and History 14 (1):93-94.score: 980.0
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  15. Ilya Kukulin (forthcoming). The World War Against the Spirit of Immanuel Kant: Philosophical Germanophobia in Russia in 1914–1915 and the Birth of Cultural Racism. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought.score: 980.0
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  16. Roy MacLeod (1993). The Chemists Go to War: The Mobilization of Civilian Chemists and the British War Effort, 1914–1918. Annals of Science 50 (5):455-481.score: 980.0
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  17. Konrad Fuchs (1980). History of the Polish Nation, 1918–1978. From the Founding of the State in the First World War to the Present. Philosophy and History 13 (1):90-91.score: 980.0
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  18. Erich Gaenschalz (1990). The Destruction of Europe. Essays on the World War Era, 1914–1945. Philosophy and History 23 (2):169-170.score: 980.0
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  19. D. Roberts (2002). Wolfgang G. Natter, Literature at War 1914-1940. Representing theTime of Greatness' in Germany; David Midgley, Writing Weimar. Critical Realism in German Literature 1918-1933. [REVIEW] Thesis Eleven 69:99-102.score: 980.0
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  20. Nolen Gertz, Censorship, Propaganda, and the Production of 'Shell Shock' in World War I. War Fronts: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on War, Virtual War, and Human Security.score: 770.0
    In discussing warfare we tend to maintain a theoretical cleavage between the "home front" and the "battle front" that is supposed to parallel the physical distance that separates them. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the academic literature that surrounds World War I, with each discipline for decades having studied its correspondent aspect of the war. While this has provided us with incredibly detailed research into the minutiae of battles and the changing attitudes of the masses, it (...)
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  21. Yigal Levin & Amnon Shapira (eds.) (2011). War and Peace in Jewish Tradition: From the Biblical World to the Present. Routledge.score: 692.0
    War and peace in the Bible -- Theoretical aspects of war in rabbinic thought -- War and peace in modern Jewish thought and practice -- Israel, war, ethics and the media.
     
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  22. Yigal Levin & Amnon Shapira (eds.) (2012). War and Peace in Jewish Tradition: From the Biblical World to the Present: The Third Annual Conference of the Israel Heritage Department Ariel, Israel. Routledge.score: 692.0
    War and peace in the Bible -- Theoretical aspects of war in rabbinic thought -- War and peace in modern Jewish thought and practice -- Israel, war, ethics and the media.
     
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  23. Austin Harrington (2012). Weimar Social Theory and the Fragmentation of European World Pictures. Thesis Eleven 111 (1):66-80.score: 675.0
    Criticism of ‘the West’ and of ‘Western civilization’ in Germany in the early 20th century is generally most familiar today as a conservative force of the age. It is well-known that at the outbreak of war in August 1914 a longstanding German complex of resentment of the Western European powers exploded in a call to arms. Yet it needs to be stressed that not all prominent German bourgeois writers endorsed a wholly militant reading of the motif of German national-cultural ‘protest (...)
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  24. Edmund Gosse (1918/1967). Three French Moralists and the Gallantry of France. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.score: 650.0
    LA ROCHEFOUCAULD ONE of the most gifted of the young officers who gave their lives for France at the beginning of the war, Quartermaster Paul Lintier, in the admirable notes which he wrote on his knee at intervals during the battle ...
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  25. Josiah Royce (1967). The Hope of the Great Community. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.score: 647.5
    Josiah Royce; [poem] by L. Simmons)--The duties of Americans in the present war.--The destruction of the Lusitania.--The hope of the great community.--The possibility of international insurance.--The first anniversary of the sinking of the Lusitania, May 7th, 1916.--Words of Professor Royce at the Walton Hotel at Philadelphia, December 29, 1915.
     
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  26. Ivor Grattan-Guinness (1997). Vida En Común, Vidas Separadas. Sobre Las Interacciones Entre Matematicas Y Lógicas Desde la Revolución Francesa Hasta la Primera Guerra Mundial [Living Together and Living Apart. On the Interactions Between Mathematics and Logics From the French Revolution to the First World War]. Theoria 12 (1):13-37.score: 608.0
    Este artículo presenta un alnplio panorama histórico de las conexiones existentes entre ramas de las matematícas y tipos de lógica durante el periodo 1800-1914. Se observan dos corrientes principales,bastante diferentes entre sí: la lógica algebraica, que hunde sus raíces en la logique yen las algebras de la época revolucionaria francesa y culmina, a través de Boole y De Morgan, en los sistemas de Peirce y de Schröder; y la lógica matematíca, que tiene una fuente de inspiraeión en el analisis matemático (...)
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  27. Magdalena Szkwarek & Lesław Kawalec (2010). Polish Jews' Diaspora in Latin America Until the Outbreak of World War II. Dialogue and Universalism 20 (9-10):39-49.score: 608.0
    People of Jewish origin arrived in the American Continent as early as 15th century and (in various times and with varying intensity but incessantly) have participated in shaping the states and societies on the continent. A fact little known in Poland, Jews and their culture are inherent in Latin American reality. The paper attempts to provide an insight into Ashkenazic Diaspora (particularly its section coming from Poland and the partitioned Polish lands before 1918) in its Latin American dimension.
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  28. Recep Boztemur (2010). Religion and Politics in the Making of American Near East Policy, 1918-1922. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (11):45-59.score: 590.0
    This study deals basically with the combination of religion and politics in American foreign policy in the Near East in the immediate aftermath of the First World War. The diplomatic activities regarding the protection of American religious, educational, philanthropic institutions, the safety of American interests and missionary activities and the safeguarding of a future for the Ottoman Armenians are examined in two parts: the first dealing with the spread of Protestant missionary activities in the Ottoman Empire, and the second, (...)
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  29. Patrick Petitjean (2008). The Joint Establishment of the World Federation of Scientific Workers and of UNESCO After World War II. Minerva 46 (2):247-270.score: 588.0
    The World Federation of Scientific Workers (WFScW) and UNESCO share roots in the Social Relations of Science (SRS) movements and in the Franco-British scientific relations which developed in the 1930s. In this historical context (the Great Depression, the rise of Fascism and the Nazi use of science, the social and intellectual fascination for the USSR), a new model of scientific internationalism emerged, where science and politics mixed. Many progressive scientists were involved in the war efforts against Nazism, and tried (...)
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  30. Mara Miller (forthcoming). Aesthetics as Investigation of Self, Subject, and Ethical Agency Under Trauma in Kawabata's Post-War Novel The Sound of the Mountain. Philosophy and Literature.score: 584.0
    Yasunari Kawabata’s 1952 novel The Sound of the Mountain is widely praised for its aesthetic qualities, from its adaptation of aesthetics from the Tale of Genji, through the beauty of its prose and the patterning of its images, to the references to arts and nature within the text. This article, by contrast, shows that Kawabata uses these features to demonstrate the effects of the mass trauma following the Second World War and the complicated grief it induced, on the psychology (...)
     
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  31. Codruta Cuceu (2010). Identity Under (Re)Construction: The Jewish Community From Transylvania Before and After the Second World War. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 7 (19):30-42.score: 582.0
    When talking about the identity of a certain community, we are inclined to appeal to essentialist, almost metaphysical notions. This often results in a unitary, deeply rooted and stable perception of the analyzed community. But this view is not always accurate enough, for it does not offer an account of a specific history. By offering a short history and a structural presentation of the Jewish community from Transylvania, before and shortly after the Second World War, our article’s purpose is (...)
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  32. Matthis Krischel (2010). Perceived Hereditary Effect of World War I: A Study of the Positions of Friedrich von Bernhardi and Vernon Kellogg. [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 2 (2):139-150.score: 577.5
    This paper explores the question whether war was regarded as eugenic or dysgenic before, during and after the First World War. The main focus is on the positions of the German military officer and historian Friedrich von Bernhardi, who in Germany and the Next War , first published in 1912, argued for war as eugenic, and Vernon Kellogg’s Headquarters Nights, published in 1917, which marks an important work characterizing war as dysgenic. I argue that an international community of (...)
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  33. Patrick Henry (2007). Crises of Memory and the Second World War. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Literature 31 (1):204-209.score: 572.0
  34. Henry Osborn Taylor (1935/1978). A Layman's View of History. Ams Press.score: 560.0
    A layman's view of history.--Old age.--The education of Henry Adams.--Mont-Saint Michel and Chartres.--The Phi beta kappa ideal.--Pieces written during the war: The pathos of America. Sub specie æternitatis. The wisdom of the ages.
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  35. Patrick J. Connolly (2013). Travel Literature, the New World, and Locke on Species. Society and Politics 7 (1):103-116.score: 525.0
    This paper examines the way in which Locke's deep and longstanding interest in the non-European world contributed to his views on species and their classification. The evidence for Locke's curiosity about the non-European world, especially his fascination with seventeenth-century travel literature, is presented and evaluated. I claim that this personal interest of Locke's almost certainly influenced the metaphysical and epistemological positions he develops in the Essay. I look to Locke's theory of species taxonomy for proof of this. (...)
     
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  36. Marietta Meier (2009). “Adjusting” People: Conceptions of the Self in Psychosurgery After World War II. [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 1 (4):353-366.score: 519.0
    Between 1935 and 1970, tens of thousands of people worldwide underwent brain operations due to psychiatric indication that were intended to positively influence their mental state and behaviour. The majority of these psychosurgical procedures were prefrontal lobotomies. Developed in 1935, the procedure initially met with fierce opposition, but was introduced in numerous countries in the following decade, and was employed up until the late 1960s. This article investigates why psychosurgery was widely accepted after World War II. It examines the (...)
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  37. Teri Chettiar (2012). Democratizing Mental Health Motherhood, Therapeutic Community and the Emergence of the Psychiatric Family at the Cassel Hospital in Post-Second World War Britain. History of the Human Sciences 25 (5):107-122.score: 516.0
    Shortly following the Second World War, and under the medical direction of ex-army psychiatrist T. F. Main, the Cassel Hospital for Functional Nervous Disorders emerged as a pioneering democratic ‘therapeutic community’ in the treatment of mental illness. This definitive movement away from conventional ‘custodial’ assumptions about the function of the psychiatric hospital initially grew out of a commitment to sharing therapeutic responsibility between patients and staff and to preserving patients’ pre-admission responsibilities and social identities. However, by the mid-1950s, hospital (...)
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  38. Edgar Jones (2012). 'The Gut War' Functional Somatic Disorders in the UK During the Second World War. History of the Human Sciences 25 (5):30-48.score: 514.5
    Hospital admission and mortality statistics suggested that peptic ulcer reached a peak prevalence in the mid-1950s. During the Second World War, against this background of serious and common pathology, an epidemic of dyspepsia afflicted both service personnel and civilians alike. In the absence of reliable diagnostic techniques, physicians struggled to distinguish between life-threatening illness and mild, temporary disorders. This article explores the context in which non-ulcer stomach conditions flourished. At a time when fear was considered defeatist and overt psychological (...)
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  39. Ian Burney (2012). War on Fear Solly Zuckerman and Civilian Nerve in the Second World War. History of the Human Sciences 25 (5):49-72.score: 510.0
    This article examines the processes through which civilian fear was turned into a practicable investigative object in the inter-war period and the opening stages of the Second World War, and how it was invested with significance at the level of science and of public policy. Its focus is on a single historical actor, Solly Zuckerman, and on his early war work for the Ministry of Home Security-funded Extra Mural Unit based in Oxford’s Department of Anatomy (OEMU). It examines the (...)
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  40. Jean Lindenmann (2002). Typhus Vaccine Developments From the First to the Second World War (On Paul Weindling's 'Between Bacteriology and Virology...'). History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (3/4):467 - 485.score: 510.0
    After the louse transmission of epidemic typhus had been established (1909), a small microorganism (thought to belong to a new genus, Rickettsia) was shown in enormous numbers in the guts of lice that had fed on human typhus victims. Attempts at cultivating this organism on inert media failed; tansfer from louse to louse without loss of virulence for the vertebrate host was successful. Some scientists were not convinced of the etiologic role of Rickettsiae, because the presence of this microbe in (...)
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  41. Nils Roll-Hansen (1980). Eugenics Before World War II: The Case of Norway. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 2 (2):269 - 298.score: 510.0
    During the first half of the twentieth century there was a marked decline in biological conceptions of man and society. This paper describes the development of the views concerning eugenics held by the Norwegian scientific expertise, from open racism before World War I to a moderate nonracist eugenic program in the 1930's. It is claimed that public criticism of the popular eugenics movement by the experts came earlier in Norway than in most other countries, including the United States. The (...)
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  42. Gabriel Viorel Gardan & Marius Eppel (2012). The Romanian Emigration to the United States Until the First World War. Revisiting Opportunities and Vulnerabilities. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (32):256-287.score: 510.0
    The European emigration on the other side of the Atlantic was a complex phenomenon. The areas inhabited by Romanians got acquainted to this phenomenon towards the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth. Therefore, starting with the year 1895, a certain mixture of causes led to a massive migration to America, especially of the Romanians from the rural areas. The purpose of our study is to explore the causes of the Romanian emigration across the ocean up (...)
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  43. Claudia Wiesner & Anna Björk (2014). Introduction: Citizenship in Europe After World War II—the Challenges of Migration and European Integration. Contributions to the History of Concepts 9 (1):50-59.score: 510.0
    The concept of citizenship in Europe after World War II faces two major challenges: migration and European integration. This introduction precedes a group of articles examining debates and law-making processes related to the concept of citizenship in Europe after World War II. The introduction sketches the historical development of citizenship in European representative democracies, taking into account four basic dimensions (access to citizenship, citizenship rights, citizenship duties, and the active content of citizenship) for analyzing changes in the concept (...)
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  44. Katrina Witt (2010). Ukrainian Memory and Victimhood Narratives After the Second World War. Constellations 1 (2).score: 505.5
    Memory can be selective and Ukrainian people are no exception. This paper examines the victimhood narrative of Ukrainians following the Second World War. Although they suffered greatly, through the war, the victimhood narrative denies their actions during the war. One component of this narrative involves ignoring Ukrainian involvement with Nazis in order to preserve their memory of their Great Heroes of WWII. Other aspects will also be considered.
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  45. Jagdish Mehra, Kimball A. Milton & Peter Rembiesa (1999). The Young Julian Schwinger. IV. During the Second World War. Foundations of Physics 29 (6):967-1010.score: 501.0
    In this series of articles the early life and work of the young Julian Schwinger are explored. In the present article, Schwinger's work at the MIT Radiation Laboratory during the Second World War is described.
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  46. I. I. I. Costs, Modal Statements Are About What Could Have Been: Hitler Could Have Won World War II; I Could Have Been a Fisherman; the Speed of Light Could Have Been Twice as Fast as It Actually is; Swans Could..score: 501.0
    Hitler could have won World War II; I could have been a fisherman; The speed of light could have been twice as fast as it actually is; Swans could have been black; It’s impossible for there to be round squares; Necessarily, 2+2=4. Modal statements also include counterfactual statements: Scientific: If the speed of light were faster, atomic explosions would be more deadly; Ethical: If you hadn’t have made the deceased play on the motorway, he would’ve lived; Everyday: If I (...)
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  47. Julia Resnik (2007). The Democratisation of the Education System in France After the Second World War: A Neo-Weberian Glocal Approach to Education Reforms. British Journal of Educational Studies 55 (2):155 - 181.score: 501.0
    The structural reforms of the education system in France (1959, 1963, and 1975) were part both of a global process of democratisation of education launched after the Second World War and of a larger modernisation project in which knowledge producers (experts, scholars and consultants) played a crucial role. Instead of a national approach or a world system approach to education reforms I propose a neo-Weberian glocal perspective that focuses on knowledge producers as a status group, education discourse structuration (...)
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  48. D. Davenport (2012). The War Against Bacteria: How Were Sulphonamide Drugs Used by Britain During World War II? Medical Humanities 38 (1):55-58.score: 501.0
    Next SectionPenicillin is often considered one of the greatest discoveries of 20th century medicine. However, the revolution in therapeutics brought about by sulphonamides also had a profound effect on British medicine, particularly during World War II (WWII). Sulphonamides were used to successfully treat many infections which later yielded to penicillin and so their role deserves wider acknowledgement. The sulphonamides, a pre-war German discovery, were widely used clinically. However, the revolution brought about by the drugs has been either neglected or (...)
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  49. Jeffrey Herf (2006). Narratives of Totalitarianism: Nazism's Anti-Semitic Propaganda During World War II and the Holocaust. Telos 2006 (135):32-60.score: 501.0
    In recent decades, historians have probed the kinds of narratives that they tell in constructing the past. In the process, we have devoted too little attention to the ways that historical actors themselves translate beliefs and ideologies into narratives of events, which themselves become causal factors of great importance. In this essay, and the longer work from which it is drawn, I examine this translation as it emerged in Nazi Germany's anti-Semitic propaganda campaigns during World War II and the (...)
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  50. Nicolas Rasmussen (2002). Of `Small Men', Big Science and Bigger Business: The Second World War and Biomedical Research in the United States. [REVIEW] Minerva 40 (2):115-146.score: 501.0
    The Second World War is commonly said to have ushered in theera of `big science' in the United States. However, at least inpractically-oriented biomedical research, the American governmentadopted modes of sponsorship that were commonplace between scientistsand industry before the war. Furthermore, many life scientistsleading wartime projects were already familiar with industrialcollaboration. This essay argues that the new federal regimes introduced in the late 1940s and 1950s were more important than wartime experience in shaping the character of biomedical `big science' (...)
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