Search results for 'World War, 1914-1918 Literature and the war' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Virginia Parrott Williams (1987). Surrealism, Quantum Philosophy, and World War I. Garland.score: 1530.0
  2. Jo Vellacott (1980/1981). Bertrand Russell and the Pacifists in the First World War. St. Martin's Press.score: 900.0
     
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  3. Philip Howell (2013). The Dog Fancy at War: Breeds, Breeding, and Britishness, 1914-1918. Society and Animals 21 (6):546-567.score: 855.0
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  4. Maurice A. Finocchiaro (2005). Gramsci, the First World War, and the Problem of Politics Vs Religion Vs Economics in War. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (4):407-419.score: 802.5
    Abstract This essay examines Gramsci?s writings about the First World War, primarily his immediate reflections in 1914?1918, but also relevant prison notes (1926?1937). The most striking feature of his attitude during the war years is ?Germanophilia?, a label I adapt from Croce, whose writings on the Great War also exhibited this attitude. A key common motivation was that political conflicts should not be turned into religious ones in which one portrays the enemy as an evil to be annihilated. But (...)
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  5. P. C. Wever & L. van Bergen (2012). Prevention of Tetanus During the First World War. Medical Humanities 38 (2):78-82.score: 795.0
    The emergence of tetanus in wounded soldiers during the first months of the First World War (WWI) resulted from combat on richly manured fields in Belgium and Northern France, the use of modern explosives that produced deep tissue wounds and the intimate contact between the soldier and the soil upon which he fought. In response, routine prophylactic injections with anti-tetanus serum were given to wounded soldiers removed from the firing line. Subsequently, a steep fall in the incidence of tetanus (...)
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  6. Edmund Gosse (1918/1967). Three French Moralists and the Gallantry of France. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.score: 620.0
    LA ROCHEFOUCAULD ONE of the most gifted of the young officers who gave their lives for France at the beginning of the war, Quartermaster Paul Lintier, in the admirable notes which he wrote on his knee at intervals during the battle ...
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  7. Josiah Royce (1967). The Hope of the Great Community. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.score: 617.5
    Josiah Royce; [poem] by L. Simmons)--The duties of Americans in the present war.--The destruction of the Lusitania.--The hope of the great community.--The possibility of international insurance.--The first anniversary of the sinking of the Lusitania, May 7th, 1916.--Words of Professor Royce at the Walton Hotel at Philadelphia, December 29, 1915.
     
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  8. R. M. Swain (2003). German Anglophobia and the Great War, 1914-1918. By Matthew Stibbe. The European Legacy 8 (4):534-534.score: 606.0
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  9. Yasumasa Sato (1988). Modern Japanese Christian Literature After the Second World War. The Chesterton Review 14 (3):413-420.score: 600.0
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  10. Tasuku Endo (1988). Modern Japanese Christian Literature Prior to the Second World War. The Chesterton Review 14 (3):405-412.score: 600.0
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  11. Matei Calinescu (2010). Pt. II. Mircea Eliade : Literature and Politics. Eliade and Ionesco in the Post-World War II Years : Questions of Identity in Exile. [REVIEW] In Christian K. Wedemeyer & Wendy Doniger (eds.), Hermeneutics, Politics, and the History of Religions: The Contested Legacies of Joachim Wach and Mircea Eliade. Oxford University Press.score: 600.0
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  12. R. M. Swain (2003). Great War, Total War: Combat and Mobilization on the Western Front, 1914-1918. Edited by Roger Chickering and Stig Forster. [REVIEW] The European Legacy 8 (1):130-130.score: 600.0
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  13. Domenico Felice (1985). Italian Literature on Thomas Hobbes After the Second World War. Topoi 4 (1):121-128.score: 588.0
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  14. Michael Behnen (1986). The July Crisis and the Outbreak of the First World War in 1914. Philosophy and History 19 (2):139-140.score: 588.0
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  15. Domenico Felice (1986). Italian Literature on Thomas Hobbes After the Second World War Part II: 1956–1965. Topoi 5 (2):201-208.score: 588.0
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  16. Konrad Fuchs (1981). Rearmament and Domestic Policy in France Before the First World War. The Introduction of Three-Year Military Service, 1913–1914. Philosophy and History 14 (1):93-94.score: 588.0
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  17. Ilya Kukulin (forthcoming). The World War Against the Spirit of Immanuel Kant: Philosophical Germanophobia in Russia in 1914–1915 and the Birth of Cultural Racism. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought.score: 588.0
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  18. Konrad Fuchs (1980). History of the Polish Nation, 1918–1978. From the Founding of the State in the First World War to the Present. Philosophy and History 13 (1):90-91.score: 588.0
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  19. Erich Gaenschalz (1990). The Destruction of Europe. Essays on the World War Era, 1914–1945. Philosophy and History 23 (2):169-170.score: 588.0
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  20. Roy MacLeod (1993). The Chemists Go to War: The Mobilization of Civilian Chemists and the British War Effort, 1914–1918. Annals of Science 50 (5):455-481.score: 588.0
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  21. D. Roberts (2002). Wolfgang G. Natter, Literature at War 1914-1940. Representing theTime of Greatness' in Germany; David Midgley, Writing Weimar. Critical Realism in German Literature 1918-1933. [REVIEW] Thesis Eleven 69:99-102.score: 588.0
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  22. Henry Osborn Taylor (1935/1978). A Layman's View of History. Ams Press.score: 560.0
    A layman's view of history.--Old age.--The education of Henry Adams.--Mont-Saint Michel and Chartres.--The Phi beta kappa ideal.--Pieces written during the war: The pathos of America. Sub specie æternitatis. The wisdom of the ages.
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  23. Austin Harrington (2012). Weimar Social Theory and the Fragmentation of European World Pictures. Thesis Eleven 111 (1):66-80.score: 555.0
    Criticism of ‘the West’ and of ‘Western civilization’ in Germany in the early 20th century is generally most familiar today as a conservative force of the age. It is well-known that at the outbreak of war in August 1914 a longstanding German complex of resentment of the Western European powers exploded in a call to arms. Yet it needs to be stressed that not all prominent German bourgeois writers endorsed a wholly militant reading of the motif of German national-cultural ‘protest (...)
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  24. Recep Boztemur (2010). Religion and Politics in the Making of American Near East Policy, 1918-1922. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (11):45-59.score: 494.0
    This study deals basically with the combination of religion and politics in American foreign policy in the Near East in the immediate aftermath of the First World War. The diplomatic activities regarding the protection of American religious, educational, philanthropic institutions, the safety of American interests and missionary activities and the safeguarding of a future for the Ottoman Armenians are examined in two parts: the first dealing with the spread of Protestant missionary activities in the Ottoman Empire, and the second, (...)
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  25. Mara Miller (forthcoming). Aesthetics as Investigation of Self, Subject, and Ethical Agency Under Trauma in Kawabata's Post-War Novel The Sound of the Mountain. Philosophy and Literature.score: 488.0
    Yasunari Kawabata’s 1952 novel The Sound of the Mountain is widely praised for its aesthetic qualities, from its adaptation of aesthetics from the Tale of Genji, through the beauty of its prose and the patterning of its images, to the references to arts and nature within the text. This article, by contrast, shows that Kawabata uses these features to demonstrate the effects of the mass trauma following the Second World War and the complicated grief it induced, on the psychology (...)
     
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  26. Yigal Levin & Amnon Shapira (eds.) (2011). War and Peace in Jewish Tradition: From the Biblical World to the Present. Routledge.score: 476.0
    War and peace in the Bible -- Theoretical aspects of war in rabbinic thought -- War and peace in modern Jewish thought and practice -- Israel, war, ethics and the media.
     
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  27. Yigal Levin & Amnon Shapira (eds.) (2012). War and Peace in Jewish Tradition: From the Biblical World to the Present: The Third Annual Conference of the Israel Heritage Department Ariel, Israel. Routledge.score: 476.0
    War and peace in the Bible -- Theoretical aspects of war in rabbinic thought -- War and peace in modern Jewish thought and practice -- Israel, war, ethics and the media.
     
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  28. Patrick Petitjean (2008). The Joint Establishment of the World Federation of Scientific Workers and of UNESCO After World War II. Minerva 46 (2):247-270.score: 420.0
    The World Federation of Scientific Workers (WFScW) and UNESCO share roots in the Social Relations of Science (SRS) movements and in the Franco-British scientific relations which developed in the 1930s. In this historical context (the Great Depression, the rise of Fascism and the Nazi use of science, the social and intellectual fascination for the USSR), a new model of scientific internationalism emerged, where science and politics mixed. Many progressive scientists were involved in the war efforts against Nazism, and tried (...)
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  29. Codruta Cuceu (2010). Identity Under (Re)Construction: The Jewish Community From Transylvania Before and After the Second World War. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 7 (19):30-42.score: 414.0
    When talking about the identity of a certain community, we are inclined to appeal to essentialist, almost metaphysical notions. This often results in a unitary, deeply rooted and stable perception of the analyzed community. But this view is not always accurate enough, for it does not offer an account of a specific history. By offering a short history and a structural presentation of the Jewish community from Transylvania, before and shortly after the Second World War, our article’s purpose is (...)
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  30. Matthis Krischel (2010). Perceived Hereditary Effect of World War I: A Study of the Positions of Friedrich von Bernhardi and Vernon Kellogg. [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 2 (2):139-150.score: 409.5
    This paper explores the question whether war was regarded as eugenic or dysgenic before, during and after the First World War. The main focus is on the positions of the German military officer and historian Friedrich von Bernhardi, who in Germany and the Next War , first published in 1912, argued for war as eugenic, and Vernon Kellogg’s Headquarters Nights, published in 1917, which marks an important work characterizing war as dysgenic. I argue that an international community of (...)
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  31. Fredo Arias de la Canal (2007). El Por Qué de Las Dos Guerras Mundiales. Frente de Afirmación Hispanista.score: 400.0
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  32. Nikolaĭ Berdi͡aev (2004). Futurizm Na Voĭne: Publit͡sistika Vremen Pervoĭ Mirovoĭ Voĭny. Reabilitat͡sii͡a.score: 400.0
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  33. Wolfgang Herzfeld (2013). Rosenzweig, "Mitteleuropa" Und der Erste Weltkrieg: Rosenzweigs Politische Ideen Im Zeitgeschichtlichen Kontext. Verlag Karl Alber.score: 400.0
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  34. Kumiko Ishikawa (2009). "Yowasa" to "Teikō" No Kindai Kokugaku: Senjika No Yanagita Kunio, Yasuda Yojūrō, Orikuchi Shinobu. Kōdansha.score: 396.0
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  35. Ivor Grattan-Guinness (1997). Vida En Común, Vidas Separadas. Sobre Las Interacciones Entre Matematicas Y Lógicas Desde la Revolución Francesa Hasta la Primera Guerra Mundial [Living Together and Living Apart. On the Interactions Between Mathematics and Logics From the French Revolution to the First World War]. Theoria 12 (1):13-37.score: 384.0
    Este artículo presenta un alnplio panorama histórico de las conexiones existentes entre ramas de las matematícas y tipos de lógica durante el periodo 1800-1914. Se observan dos corrientes principales,bastante diferentes entre sí: la lógica algebraica, que hunde sus raíces en la logique yen las algebras de la época revolucionaria francesa y culmina, a través de Boole y De Morgan, en los sistemas de Peirce y de Schröder; y la lógica matematíca, que tiene una fuente de inspiraeión en el analisis matemático (...)
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  36. Magdalena Szkwarek & Lesław Kawalec (2010). Polish Jews' Diaspora in Latin America Until the Outbreak of World War II. Dialogue and Universalism 20 (9-10):39-49.score: 384.0
    People of Jewish origin arrived in the American Continent as early as 15th century and (in various times and with varying intensity but incessantly) have participated in shaping the states and societies on the continent. A fact little known in Poland, Jews and their culture are inherent in Latin American reality. The paper attempts to provide an insight into Ashkenazic Diaspora (particularly its section coming from Poland and the partitioned Polish lands before 1918) in its Latin American dimension.
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  37. Mindaugas Maksimaitis (2012). Sources of the Russian Law in Lithuania During 1918–1940. Jurisprudence 19 (2):403-418.score: 364.0
    The formation of national law in the recovered state of Lithuania in 1918 was started by using foreign sources of law that had been implemented by occupants prior to the First World War. The most important object of acceptance was the old Russian tsar law, i.e. all of the sixteen volumes, which were clearly outdated and incompatible with the democratic form of the Lithuanian state. The preservation of foreign law, to the extent that it did not contradict the norms (...)
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  38. Torkel Brekke (2004). Wielding the Rod of Punishment – War and Violence in the Political Science of Kautilya. Journal of Military Ethics 3 (1):40-52.score: 356.0
    This article presents Kautilya, the most important thinker in the tradition of statecraft in India. Kautilya has influenced ideas of war and violence in much of South- and Southeast Asia and he is of great importance for a comparative understanding of the ethics of war. The violence inflicted by the king on internal and external enemies is pivotal for the maintenance of an ordered society, according to Kautilya. Prudence and treason are hallmarks of Kautilya's world. The article shows that (...)
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  39. Hans-Peter Söder (2009). The Politics of Memory: History, Biography, and the (Re)-Emergence of Generational Literature in Germany. The European Legacy 14 (2):177-185.score: 354.0
    The existentialist philosopher Karl Jaspers is the father of a discourse on the spiritual consequences of the Holocaust. First addressed as the Schuldfrage (the question of guilt) by Jaspers immediately after the Second World War in his famous Heidelberg lecture, it has reappeared in various forms in German life and letters. Post-unification Germany has witnessed the valorization of the German experience of the Second World War. This ongoing re-evaluation has its antecedents in the generational literature of the (...)
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  40. Lydia N. Yu Jose (2012). Boundary Fluidity and Ideology: A Comparison of Japan's Pre-World War II and Present Regionalisms. Japanese Journal of Political Science 13 (1):105-129.score: 354.0
    There is a question that has not been raised in the literature on Japan's regionalism: Why does it have a strong tendency toward making the boundary of the proposed East Asian community fluid? By looking back beyond the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere of the 1940s, a method hitherto untried, the paper shows that this Japanese propensity was also present in the first half of the twentieth century, especially in the 1920s and 1930s. Moreover, both then and now, Japan (...)
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  41. Marietta Meier (2009). “Adjusting” People: Conceptions of the Self in Psychosurgery After World War II. [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 1 (4):353-366.score: 351.0
    Between 1935 and 1970, tens of thousands of people worldwide underwent brain operations due to psychiatric indication that were intended to positively influence their mental state and behaviour. The majority of these psychosurgical procedures were prefrontal lobotomies. Developed in 1935, the procedure initially met with fierce opposition, but was introduced in numerous countries in the following decade, and was employed up until the late 1960s. This article investigates why psychosurgery was widely accepted after World War II. It examines the (...)
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  42. Teri Chettiar (2012). Democratizing Mental Health Motherhood, Therapeutic Community and the Emergence of the Psychiatric Family at the Cassel Hospital in Post-Second World War Britain. History of the Human Sciences 25 (5):107-122.score: 348.0
    Shortly following the Second World War, and under the medical direction of ex-army psychiatrist T. F. Main, the Cassel Hospital for Functional Nervous Disorders emerged as a pioneering democratic ‘therapeutic community’ in the treatment of mental illness. This definitive movement away from conventional ‘custodial’ assumptions about the function of the psychiatric hospital initially grew out of a commitment to sharing therapeutic responsibility between patients and staff and to preserving patients’ pre-admission responsibilities and social identities. However, by the mid-1950s, hospital (...)
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  43. Patrick Henry (2007). Crises of Memory and the Second World War. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Literature 31 (1):204-209.score: 348.0
  44. Edgar Jones (2012). 'The Gut War' Functional Somatic Disorders in the UK During the Second World War. History of the Human Sciences 25 (5):30-48.score: 346.5
    Hospital admission and mortality statistics suggested that peptic ulcer reached a peak prevalence in the mid-1950s. During the Second World War, against this background of serious and common pathology, an epidemic of dyspepsia afflicted both service personnel and civilians alike. In the absence of reliable diagnostic techniques, physicians struggled to distinguish between life-threatening illness and mild, temporary disorders. This article explores the context in which non-ulcer stomach conditions flourished. At a time when fear was considered defeatist and overt psychological (...)
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  45. Ian Burney (2012). War on Fear Solly Zuckerman and Civilian Nerve in the Second World War. History of the Human Sciences 25 (5):49-72.score: 342.0
    This article examines the processes through which civilian fear was turned into a practicable investigative object in the inter-war period and the opening stages of the Second World War, and how it was invested with significance at the level of science and of public policy. Its focus is on a single historical actor, Solly Zuckerman, and on his early war work for the Ministry of Home Security-funded Extra Mural Unit based in Oxford’s Department of Anatomy (OEMU). It examines the (...)
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  46. Jean Lindenmann (2002). Typhus Vaccine Developments From the First to the Second World War (On Paul Weindling's 'Between Bacteriology and Virology...'). History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (3/4):467 - 485.score: 342.0
    After the louse transmission of epidemic typhus had been established (1909), a small microorganism (thought to belong to a new genus, Rickettsia) was shown in enormous numbers in the guts of lice that had fed on human typhus victims. Attempts at cultivating this organism on inert media failed; tansfer from louse to louse without loss of virulence for the vertebrate host was successful. Some scientists were not convinced of the etiologic role of Rickettsiae, because the presence of this microbe in (...)
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  47. Nils Roll-Hansen (1980). Eugenics Before World War II: The Case of Norway. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 2 (2):269 - 298.score: 342.0
    During the first half of the twentieth century there was a marked decline in biological conceptions of man and society. This paper describes the development of the views concerning eugenics held by the Norwegian scientific expertise, from open racism before World War I to a moderate nonracist eugenic program in the 1930's. It is claimed that public criticism of the popular eugenics movement by the experts came earlier in Norway than in most other countries, including the United States. The (...)
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  48. Gabriel Viorel Gardan & Marius Eppel (2012). The Romanian Emigration to the United States Until the First World War. Revisiting Opportunities and Vulnerabilities. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (32):256-287.score: 342.0
    The European emigration on the other side of the Atlantic was a complex phenomenon. The areas inhabited by Romanians got acquainted to this phenomenon towards the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth. Therefore, starting with the year 1895, a certain mixture of causes led to a massive migration to America, especially of the Romanians from the rural areas. The purpose of our study is to explore the causes of the Romanian emigration across the ocean up (...)
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  49. M. P. Park & R. H. R. Park (2011). Art in Wartime: The First Wounded, London Hospital, August 1914. Medical Humanities 37 (1):23-26.score: 342.0
    John Lavery's The First Wounded, London Hospital, August 1914 records a memorable event in the First World War. This painting and the archives of the Royal London Hospital provide a fascinating insight into the nursing and medical care of these early war casualties.
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  50. Claudia Wiesner & Anna Björk (2014). Introduction: Citizenship in Europe After World War II—the Challenges of Migration and European Integration. Contributions to the History of Concepts 9 (1):50-59.score: 342.0
    The concept of citizenship in Europe after World War II faces two major challenges: migration and European integration. This introduction precedes a group of articles examining debates and law-making processes related to the concept of citizenship in Europe after World War II. The introduction sketches the historical development of citizenship in European representative democracies, taking into account four basic dimensions (access to citizenship, citizenship rights, citizenship duties, and the active content of citizenship) for analyzing changes in the concept (...)
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