Search results for 'Wouter Wijngaards' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  19
    Catholijn M. Jonker, Jan Treur & Wouter C. A. Wijngaards (2002). Reductionist and Anti-Reductionist Perspectives on Dynamics. Philosophical Psychology 15 (4):381 – 409.
    In this paper, reduction and its pragmatics are discussed in light of the development in computer science of languages to describe processes. The design of higher-level description languages within computer science has had the aim of allowing for description of the dynamics of processes in the (physical) world on a higher level avoiding all (physical) details of these processes. The higher description levels developed have dramatically increased the complexity of applications that came within reach. The pragmatic attitude of a (scientific) (...)
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  2.  44
    Fred Boogerd, Frank Bruggeman, Catholijn Jonker, Huib Looren de Jong, Allard Tamminga, Jan Treur, Hans Westerhoff & Wouter Wijngaards (2002). Inter-Level Relations in Computer Science, Biology, and Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 15 (4):463–471.
    Investigations into inter-level relations in computer science, biology and psychology call for an *empirical* turn in the philosophy of mind. Rather than concentrate on *a priori* discussions of inter-level relations between 'completed' sciences, a case is made for the actual study of the way inter-level relations grow out of the developing sciences. Thus, philosophical inquiries will be made more relevant to the sciences, and, more importantly, philosophical accounts of inter-level relations will be testable by confronting them with what really happens (...)
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  3.  33
    Frances Brazier, Anja Oskamp, Corien Prins, Maurice Schellekens & Niek Wijngaards (2004). Anonymity and Software Agents: An Interdisciplinary Challenge. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 12 (1-2):137-157.
    Software agents that play a role in E-commerce and E-government applications involving the Internet often contain information about the identity of their human user such as credit cards and bank accounts. This paper discusses whether this is necessary: whether human users and software agents are allowed to be anonymous under the relevant legal regimes and whether an adequate interaction and balance between law and anonymity can be realised from both the perspective of Computer Systems and the perspective of Law.
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  4.  31
    Frances Brazier, Anja Oskamp, Corien Prins, Maurice Schellekens & Niek Wijngaards (2004). Law-Abiding and Integrity on the Internet: A Case for Agents. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 12 (1-2):5-37.
    Software agents extend the current, information-based Internet to include autonomous mobile processing. In most countries such processes, i.e., software agents are, however, without an explicit legal status. Many of the legal implications of their actions (e.g., gathering information, negotiating terms, performing transactions) are not well understood. One important characteristic of mobile software agents is that they roam the Internet: they often run on agent platforms of others. There often is no pre-existing relation between the owner of a running agents process (...)
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  5.  1
    Leunissen Inge, Drijkoningen David, Hoogkamer Wouter, Caeyenberghs Karen & Swinnen Stephan (2015). The Role of the Cerebellum in Challenging Postural Control Conditions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  6.  20
    Annette Kalf & Niek J. E. Wijngaards (1998). Norbert Paul, Medizinische Wissensbasen. Vom Wissensmodell Zur Repräsentation. Ein Medizintheoretischer Ansatz Zur Modellierung Und Objectorientierten Repräsentation Diagnosebezogene Domänewissens Für Expertensysteme in der Medizin. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (2):173-175.
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  7. Mittner Matthias, Boekel Wouter, Tucker Adrienne, Heathcote Andrew & Forstmann Birte (2015). Analyzing the Multimodal Signature of Task-Unrelated Thoughts. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  8.  73
    Glenn Alexander Magee (2013). Esotericism and the Academy: Rejected Knowledge in Western Culture by Wouter J. Hanegraaff (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (3):496-497.
    “Esotericism” refers, more or less, to what used to be called “the occult.” It comprises such matters as astrology, alchemy, kabbalism, magic, and theosophy—to name just a few. In other words, it refers to just about everything that came to be marginalized in the modern period as “superstition” and “pseudo-science,” and anathematized by scientists and philosophers. In recent decades, there has been an explosion of scholarly interest in esotericism, partly because of research revealing that many “canonical” scientists and philosophers of (...)
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  9.  12
    Ana Isabel Jiménez Sancristóbal (1996). Belier, Wouter W. Decayed Gods. Origin and Development of George Dumézil's" Idéologie Tripartite". 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 1:250.
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  10. Thomas Lemke, Theo Papaioannou, Lyn Turney, Elina Hemminki, Aaro Tupasela, Piia Jallinoja, Arja J. Aro, Karoliina Snell, Sinikka Sihvo & Almut Caspary (2009). By Rens Lj Vandenberg & Wouter Pc Boon 1-21. Genomics, Society and Policy 5 (2).
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  11.  6
    Helmut Zander (2010). Wouter J. Hanegraaff/Jeff J. Kripal : Hidden Intercourse. Eros and Sexuality in the History of Western Esotericism. Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 62 (1):92-92.
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  12.  10
    Charles Bailey (1999). Philosophy of Development: Reconstructing the Foundations of Human Development and Education, Edited by Wouter van Haaften, Michiel Korthals and Thomas Wren. Studies in Philosophy and Education 18 (3):175-184.
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  13.  10
    Ken Dowden (1993). Tripartition Dissected Wouter W. Belier: Decayed Gods: Origin and Development of Georges Dumézil's 'Idéologie Tripartie'.(Studies in Greek and Roman Religion, 7.) Pp. Xv + 254. Leiden, New York, Copenhagen and Cologne: Brill, 1991. Fl. 120. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 43 (01):97-98.
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  14. C. Bailey (1999). A Review of Wouter van Haaften, Michiel Korthals and Thomas Wren, Philosophy of Development: Reconstructing the Foundations of Human Development and Education. [REVIEW] Studies in Philosophy and Education 18:175-184.
     
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  15. Lauren Kassell (2007). Wouter J. Hanegraaff .Dictionary of Gnosis and Western Esotericism. 2 Volumes. Xxix + 1,228 Pp., Indexes. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2005. $289, €289. [REVIEW] Isis 98 (1):170-171.
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  16. W. Leimgruber (1999). Taking Nature Into Account: A Report to the Club of Rome. Edited by Wouter Van Dieren. The European Legacy 4:101-101.
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  17. Wouter J. Hanegraaff (2007). Swedenborg, Oetinger, Kant: Three Perspectives on the Secrets of Heaven. Swedenborg Foundation Publishers.
    In this meticulous study, Wouter Hanegraaff examines the structure, themes, and development of Emanuel Swedenborg's massive work _Secrets of Heaven_, published between 1749 and 1756. Written as a work of biblical exegesis, Swedenborg also interpolated material on his visionary experiences, which have long fascinated readers. In the second part of the study, Dr. Hanegraaff examines the contemporary reception of the multi-volume work, particularly the critical reactions of Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Christoph Oetinger. He finds that Swedenborg's biblical exegesis, so (...)
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  18. Wouter Kool & Matthew Botvinick (2014). A Labor/Leisure Tradeoff in Cognitive Control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (1):131-141.
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  19.  83
    Igor Douven & Wouter Meijs (2007). Measuring Coherence. Synthese 156 (3):405 - 425.
    This paper aims to contribute to our understanding of the notion of coherence by explicating in probabilistic terms, step by step, what seem to be our most basic intuitions about that notion, to wit, that coherence is a matter of hanging or fitting together, and that coherence is a matter of degree. A qualitative theory of coherence will serve as a stepping stone to formulate a set of quantitative measures of coherence, each of which seems to capture well the aforementioned (...)
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  20. Berna Güroğlu, Wouter van den Bos & Eveline A. Crone (2014). Sharing and Giving Across Adolescence: An Experimental Study Examining the Development of Prosocial Behavior. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  21. Willem Verbeke, Richard P. Bagozzi & Wouter E. van den Berg (2014). The Role of Attachment Styles in Regulating the Effects of Dopamine on the Behavior of Salespersons. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  22.  7
    Wouter J. Hanegraaff (forthcoming). New Age Religion and Western Culture: Esotericism in the Mirror of Secular. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy.
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  23.  49
    Wouter Meijs & Igor Douven (2007). On the Alleged Impossibility of Coherence. Synthese 157 (3):347 - 360.
    If coherence is to have justificatory status, as some analytical philosophers think it has, it must be truth-conducive, if perhaps only under certain specific conditions. This paper is a critical discussion of some recent arguments that seek to show that under no reasonable conditions can coherence be truth-conducive. More specifically, it considers Bovens and Hartmann’s and Olsson’s “impossibility results,” which attempt to show that coherence cannot possibly be a truth-conducive property. We point to various ways in which the advocates of (...)
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  24.  41
    Igor Douven & Wouter Meijs (2006). Bootstrap Confirmation Made Quantitative. Synthese 149 (1):97 - 132.
    Glymour’s theory of bootstrap confirmation is a purely qualitative account of confirmation; it allows us to say that the evidence confirms a given theory, but not that it confirms the theory to a certain degree. The present paper extends Glymour’s theory to a quantitative account and investigates the resulting theory in some detail. It also considers the question how bootstrap confirmation relates to justification.
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  25.  12
    Wouter Kalf (forthcoming). Against Hybrid Expressivist-Error Theory. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-18.
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  26.  5
    Matthias Mittner, Guy E. Hawkins, Wouter Boekel & Birte U. Forstmann (2016). A Neural Model of Mind Wandering. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (8):570-578.
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  27.  23
    James Arthur, Kristján Kristjánsson, David Walker, Wouter Sanderse & Chantel Jones, Character Education in UK Schools: Research Report.
    The research project described in this report represents one of the most extensive studies of character education ever undertaken, including over 10,000 students and 255 teachers in schools across England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales. Research techniques consisted of a mixture of surveys, moral dilemmas and semi-structured interviews. This report explores: - The current situation in character education, both in the UK and internationally - How developed British students are with respect to moral character and the extent to which they (...)
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  28. Wouter Meijs & Igor Douven (2005). Bovens and Hartmann on Coherence. Mind 114 (454):355-363.
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  29.  26
    Wouter Meijs (2006). Coherence as Generalized Logical Equivalence. Erkenntnis 64 (2):231 - 252.
    In this paper I consider whether there is a measure of coherence that could be rightly claimed to generalize the notion of logical equivalence. I show that Fitelson’s (2003) proposal to that effect encounters some serious difficulties. Furthermore, there is reason to believe that no mutual-support measure could ever be suitable for the formalization of coherence as generalized logical equivalence. Instead, it appears that the only plausible candidate for such a measure is one of relative overlap. The measure I propose (...)
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  30.  6
    Vivian Bohl & Wouter van den Bos (2012). Toward an Integrative Account of Social Cognition: Marrying Theory of Mind and Interactionism to Study the Interplay of Type 1 and Type 2 Processes. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience:1-15.
    Traditional theory of mind (ToM) accounts for social cognition have been at the basis of most studies in the social cognitive neurosciences. However, in recent years, the need to go beyond traditional ToM accounts for understanding real life social interactions has become all the more pressing. At the same time it remains unclear whether alternative accounts, such as interactionism, can yield a sufficient description and explanation of social interactions. We argue that instead of considering ToM and interactionism as mutually exclusive (...)
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  31.  82
    Stephan Hartmann & Wouter Meijs (2012). Walter the Banker: The Conjunction Fallacy Reconsidered. [REVIEW] Synthese 184 (1):73-87.
    In a famous experiment by Tversky and Kahneman (Psychol Rev 90:293–315, 1983), featuring Linda the bank teller, the participants assign a higher probability to a conjunction of propositions than to one of the conjuncts, thereby seemingly committing a probabilistic fallacy. In this paper, we discuss a slightly different example featuring someone named Walter, who also happens to work at a bank, and argue that, in this example, it is rational to assign a higher probability to the conjunction of suitably chosen (...)
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  32.  17
    Wouter Sanderse (2015). An Aristotelian Model of Moral Development. Journal of Philosophy of Education 49 (3):382-398.
    Despite the Aristotelian renaissance in the philosophy of education, the development of virtue has not received much attention. This is unfortunate, because an attempt to draft an Aristotelian model of moral development can help philosophers to evaluate the contribution Aristotelian virtue ethics can make to our understanding of moral development, provide psychologists with a potentially richer account of morality and its development, and help educators to understand the developmental phase people are in. In the article, it is argued that the (...)
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  33.  22
    Wouter Kool & Matthew Botvinick (2013). The Intrinsic Cost of Cognitive Control. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):697-698.
    Kurzban and colleagues carry forward an important contemporary movement in cognitive control research, tending away from resource-based models and toward a framework focusing on motivation or value. However, their specific proposal, centering on opportunity costs, appears problematic. We favor a simpler view, according to which the exertion of cognitive control carries intrinsic subjective costs.
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  34. Wouter Kool, Joseph T. McGuire, Zev B. Rosen & Matthew M. Botvinick (2010). Decision Making and the Avoidance of Cognitive Demand. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (4):665-682.
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  35.  11
    Wouter Peeters, Jo Dirix & Sigrid Sterckx (2015). Towards an Integration of the Ecological Space Paradigm and the Capabilities Approach. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (3):479-496.
    In order to develop a model of equitable and sustainable distribution, this paper advocates integrating the ecological space paradigm and the capabilities approach. As the currency of distribution, this account proposes a hybrid of capabilities and ecological space. Although the goal of distributive justice should be to secure and promote people’s capabilities now and in the future, doing so requires acknowledging that these capabilities are dependent on the biophysical preconditions as well as inculcating the ethos of restraint. Both issues have (...)
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  36.  2
    Huma Saeed & Wouter Vandenhole (forthcoming). Taking Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Seriously in International Criminal Law by Evelyne Schmid. Human Rights Review.
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  37.  79
    Wouter Floris Kalf (2013). Moral Error Theory, Entailment and Presupposition. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (5):923-937.
    According to moral error theory, moral discourse is error-ridden. Establishing error theory requires establishing two claims. These are that moral discourse carries a non-negotiable commitment to there being a moral reality and that there is no such reality. This paper concerns the first and so-called non-negotiable commitment claim. It starts by identifying the two existing argumentative strategies for settling that claim. The standard strategy is to argue for a relation of conceptual entailment between the moral statements that comprise moral discourse (...)
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  38.  47
    Wouter Voorspoels, Wolf Vanpaemel & Gert Storms (2008). Modeling Typicality: Extending the Prototype View. In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society 757--763.
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  39.  36
    Wouter Sanderse (2013). The Meaning of Role Modelling in Moral and Character Education. Journal of Moral Education 42 (1):28-42.
    Character education considers teachers to be role models, but it is unclear what this means in practice. Do teachers model admirable character traits? And do they do so effectively? In this article the relevant pedagogical and psychological literature is reviewed in order to shed light on these questions. First, the use of role modelling as a teaching method in secondary education is assessed. Second, adolescents? role models and their moral qualities are identified. Third, the psychology of moral learners is critically (...)
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  40. Tamar H. Gollan, Timothy J. Slattery, Diane Goldenberg, Eva Van Assche, Wouter Duyck & Keith Rayner (2011). Frequency Drives Lexical Access in Reading but Not in Speaking: The Frequency-Lag Hypothesis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 140 (2):186-209.
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  41.  22
    Martin Drenthen (1996). Het zwijgen van de natuur. Filosofie En Praktijk 17:187-199.
    Een respectvolle houding ten opzichte van de natuur houdt noodzakelijkerwijs ook een zekere distantie in. -/- ('The silence of nature') If we pretent to speak with nature's voice or in on nature's behalf we risk ventriloguising. A respectful attitude towards nature also requires acknowledging the distance between us and nature, recognize that nature does not speak. But nature's silence does have something to say to us. In this paper, I analyze the debate in Dutch environmental philosophy between moral realism of (...)
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  42.  17
    Wouter Teepe (2006). Proving Possession of Arbitrary Secrets While Not Giving Them Away: New Protocols and a Proof in GNY Logic. Synthese 149 (2):409-443.
    This paper introduces and describes new protocols for proving knowledge of secrets without giving them away: if the verifier does not know the secret, he does not learn it. This can all be done while only using one-way hash functions. If also the use of encryption is allowed, these goals can be reached in a more efficient way. We extend and use the GNY authentication logic to prove correctness of these protocols.
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  43.  28
    Wouter F. Kalf (2015). Are Moral Properties Impossible? Philosophical Studies 172 (7):1869-1887.
    Perhaps the actual world does not contain moral properties. But might moral properties be impossible because no world, possible or actual, contains them? Two metaethical theories can be argued to entail just that conclusion; viz., emotivism and error theory. This paper works towards the strongest formulation of the emotivist argument for the impossibility of moral properties, but ultimately rejects it. It then uses the reason why the emotivist argument fails to argue that error-theoretic arguments for the impossibility of moral properties (...)
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  44.  1
    Wouter Meijs (2006). Coherence as Generalized Logical Equivalence. Erkenntnis 64 (2):231-252.
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  45.  15
    Wouter Van Rossum (1997). Science Policy or Social Policy? Knowledge, Technology and Policy 9 (4):103-112.
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  46.  15
    Wouter Duyck, André Vandierendonck & Gino De Vooght (2003). Conditional Reasoning with a Spatial Content Requires Visuo-Spatial Working Memory. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):267-287.
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  47.  15
    Wouter-Jan Oosten (forthcoming). E-Government En de Burger. Idee.
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  48.  3
    Nadira Saab, Wouter R. van Joolingen & B. H. A. M. van Hout‐Wolters (2009). The Relation of Learners’ Motivation with the Process of Collaborative Scientific Discovery Learning. Educational Studies 35 (2):205-222.
    In this study, we investigated the influence of individual learners’ motivation on the collaborative discovery learning process. In this we distinguished the motivation of the individual learners and had eye for the composition of groups, which could be homogeneous or heterogeneous in terms of motivation. The study involved 73 dyads of 10th‐grade learners. Learners worked in dyads on separate screens in a shared discovery learning environment. They communicated using a chat box. A self‐report questionnaire was used to measure the motivational (...)
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  49.  4
    Andriy Myachykov, Wouter Platenburg & Martin H. Fischer (2009). Non-Abstractness as Mental Simulation in the Representation of Number. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):343 - 344.
    ion is instrumental for our understanding of how numbers are cognitively represented. We propose that the notion of abstraction becomes testable from within the framework of simulated cognition. We describe mental simulation as embodied, grounded, and situated cognition, and report evidence for number representation at each of these levels of abstraction.
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  50.  9
    Wouter Sanderse (2015). Paul Bloomfield: The Virtues of Happiness. A Theory of the Good Life. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (4):881-882.
    “Aristotle is the father of virtue ethics, and virtue ethics is hot”, Howard Curzer states in the introduction of his Aristotle and the virtues . Aristotelian virtue ethics has attracted so much attention that it has become one of the three major approaches in normative ethics since its revival in post-war Anglo-Saxon philosophy. In his new book, Paul Bloomfield is, like these virtue ethicists, not so much interested in the modern ethical question of how to treat others, but in the (...)
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