Search results for 'Wouter Wijngaards' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Fred Boogerd, Frank Bruggeman, Catholijn Jonker, Huib Looren de Jong, Allard Tamminga, Jan Treur, Hans Westerhoff & Wouter Wijngaards (2002). Inter-Level Relations in Computer Science, Biology, and Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 15 (4):463–471.score: 240.0
    Investigations into inter-level relations in computer science, biology and psychology call for an *empirical* turn in the philosophy of mind. Rather than concentrate on *a priori* discussions of inter-level relations between 'completed' sciences, a case is made for the actual study of the way inter-level relations grow out of the developing sciences. Thus, philosophical inquiries will be made more relevant to the sciences, and, more importantly, philosophical accounts of inter-level relations will be testable by confronting them with what really happens (...)
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  2. Catholijn M. Jonker, Jan Treur & Wouter C. A. Wijngaards (2002). Reductionist and Anti-Reductionist Perspectives on Dynamics. Philosophical Psychology 15 (4):381 – 409.score: 240.0
    In this paper, reduction and its pragmatics are discussed in light of the development in computer science of languages to describe processes. The design of higher-level description languages within computer science has had the aim of allowing for description of the dynamics of processes in the (physical) world on a higher level avoiding all (physical) details of these processes. The higher description levels developed have dramatically increased the complexity of applications that came within reach. The pragmatic attitude of a (scientific) (...)
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  3. Frances Brazier, Anja Oskamp, Corien Prins, Maurice Schellekens & Niek Wijngaards (2004). Law-Abiding and Integrity on the Internet: A Case for Agents. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 12 (1-2):5-37.score: 30.0
    Software agents extend the current, information-based Internet to include autonomous mobile processing. In most countries such processes, i.e., software agents are, however, without an explicit legal status. Many of the legal implications of their actions (e.g., gathering information, negotiating terms, performing transactions) are not well understood. One important characteristic of mobile software agents is that they roam the Internet: they often run on agent platforms of others. There often is no pre-existing relation between the owner of a running agents process (...)
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  4. Frances Brazier, Anja Oskamp, Corien Prins, Maurice Schellekens & Niek Wijngaards (2004). Anonymity and Software Agents: An Interdisciplinary Challenge. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 12 (1-2):137-157.score: 30.0
    Software agents that play a role in E-commerce and E-government applications involving the Internet often contain information about the identity of their human user such as credit cards and bank accounts. This paper discusses whether this is necessary: whether human users and software agents are allowed to be anonymous under the relevant legal regimes and whether an adequate interaction and balance between law and anonymity can be realised from both the perspective of Computer Systems and the perspective of Law.
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  5. Annette Kalf & Niek J. E. Wijngaards (1998). Norbert Paul, Medizinische Wissensbasen. Vom Wissensmodell Zur Repräsentation. Ein Medizintheoretischer Ansatz Zur Modellierung Und Objectorientierten Repräsentation Diagnosebezogene Domänewissens für Expertensysteme in der Medizin. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (2):173-175.score: 30.0
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  6. Glenn Alexander Magee (2013). Esotericism and the Academy: Rejected Knowledge in Western Culture by Wouter J. Hanegraaff (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (3):496-497.score: 15.0
    “Esotericism” refers, more or less, to what used to be called “the occult.” It comprises such matters as astrology, alchemy, kabbalism, magic, and theosophy—to name just a few. In other words, it refers to just about everything that came to be marginalized in the modern period as “superstition” and “pseudo-science,” and anathematized by scientists and philosophers. In recent decades, there has been an explosion of scholarly interest in esotericism, partly because of research revealing that many “canonical” scientists and philosophers of (...)
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  7. Charles Bailey (1999). Philosophy of Development: Reconstructing the Foundations of Human Development and Education, Edited by Wouter van Haaften, Michiel Korthals and Thomas Wren. Studies in Philosophy and Education 18 (3):175-184.score: 15.0
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  8. Ken Dowden (1993). Tripartition Dissected Wouter W. Belier: Decayed Gods: Origin and Development of Georges Dumézil's 'Idéologie Tripartie'.(Studies in Greek and Roman Religion, 7.) Pp. Xv + 254. Leiden, New York, Copenhagen and Cologne: Brill, 1991. Fl. 120. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 43 (01):97-98.score: 15.0
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  9. Thomas Lemke, Theo Papaioannou, Lyn Turney, Elina Hemminki, Aaro Tupasela, Piia Jallinoja, Arja J. Aro, Karoliina Snell, Sinikka Sihvo & Almut Caspary (2009). By Rens Lj Vandenberg & Wouter Pc Boon 1-21. Genomics, Society and Policy 5 (2).score: 15.0
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  10. Helmut Zander (2010). Wouter J. Hanegraaff/Jeff J. Kripal (Hg.): Hidden Intercourse. Eros and Sexuality in the History of Western Esotericism. Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 62 (1):92-92.score: 15.0
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  11. C. Bailey (1999). A Review of Wouter van Haaften, Michiel Korthals and Thomas Wren, Philosophy of Development: Reconstructing the Foundations of Human Development and Education. [REVIEW] Studies in Philosophy and Education 18:175-184.score: 15.0
     
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  12. W. Leimgruber (1999). Taking Nature Into Account: A Report to the Club of Rome. Edited by Wouter Van Dieren. The European Legacy 4:101-101.score: 15.0
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  13. Ana Isabel Jiménez Sancristóbal (1996). Belier, Wouter W. Decayed Gods. Origin and Development of George Dumézil's" Idéologie Tripartite". 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 1:250.score: 15.0
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  14. Theo A. F. Kuipers (2005). Functional Specification and Fish Swimming Backward: Reply to Arno Wouters. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 84 (1):294-298.score: 5.0
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  15. N. G. Wilson (1982). Alfons Wouters: The Grammatical Papyri From Graeco-Roman Egypt. Contributions to the Study of the 'Ars Grammatical' in Antiquity. (Verhandelingen van de Koninklijke Academie Voor Wetenschappen Letteren En Schone Kunsten van België, 92.) Pp. 336; 21 Plates. Brussels: Koninklijke Academie, 1979. Paper, 2,000 B. Frs. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 32 (01):116-.score: 5.0
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  16. J. Neville Birdsall (1990). Alfons Wouters: The Chester Beatty Codex AC 1449. A Graeco-Latin Lexicon of the Pauline Epistles and a Greek Grammar. (Chester Beatty Monographs, 12.) Pp. Xvi + 193; 25 Plates. Leuven and Paris: Peeters, 1988. Paper, B. Frs. 2,400. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 40 (01):152-153.score: 5.0
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  17. Adina L. Roskies (2008). Response to Sie and Wouters: A Neuroscientific Challenge to Free Will and Responsibility? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (1):4.score: 5.0
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  18. A. Hochschild (1989). Reply to Cas Wouters's Review Essay on the Managed Heart. Theory, Culture and Society 6 (3):439-445.score: 5.0
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  19. Niek Poulssen (1991). Wijngaard En Tuin -Vineyard and Garden. Bijdragen 52 (4):405-427.score: 5.0
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  20. B. Maso (1995). The Different Theoretical Layers of The Civilizing Process: A Response to Goudsblom and Kilminster & Wouters. Theory, Culture and Society 12 (3):127-145.score: 5.0
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  21. Tessa M. Pollard (1999). Reinventing the Sexes: The Biomedical Construction of Femininity and Masculinity. By Marianne van den Wijngaard. Pp. 171. (Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 1997.) £24.95, Hardback; £10.99, Paperback; ISBN 0-253-21087-9. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 31 (3):425-432.score: 5.0
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  22. Niek Poulssen (1991). Wijngaard En Tuin: Twee Sporen in 1 Kon. 21, 1–29. Bijdragen 52 (4):405-427.score: 5.0
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  23. Peter N. Stearns (2007). Informalization and Contemporary Manners: The Wouters Studies. [REVIEW] Theory and Society 36 (4):373-379.score: 5.0
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  24. Igor Douven & Wouter Meijs (2007). Measuring Coherence. Synthese 156 (3):405 - 425.score: 3.0
    This paper aims to contribute to our understanding of the notion of coherence by explicating in probabilistic terms, step by step, what seem to be our most basic intuitions about that notion, to wit, that coherence is a matter of hanging or fitting together, and that coherence is a matter of degree. A qualitative theory of coherence will serve as a stepping stone to formulate a set of quantitative measures of coherence, each of which seems to capture well the aforementioned (...)
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  25. Wouter J. Hanegraaff (2008). Altered States of Knowledge: The Attainment of Gnōsis in the Hermetica. International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 2 (2):128-163.score: 3.0
    Research into the so-called “philosophical” Hermetica has long been dominated by the foundational scholarship of André-Jean Festugière, who strongly emphasized their Greek and philosophical elements. Since the late 1970s, this perspective has given way to a new and more complex one, due to the work of another French scholar, Jean-Pierre Mahé, who could profit from the discovery of new textual sources, and called much more attention to the Egyptian and religious dimensions of the hermetic writings. This article addresses the question (...)
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  26. Wouter de Been (2008). Legal Realism Regained: Saving Realism From Critical Acclaim. Stanford Law Books.score: 3.0
    Legal Realism Regained presents a comparison between the legal realists, a group of pragmatic legal theorists from the 1920s and 1930s, and critical legal studies, a movement of postmodern legal theory during the end of the twentieth century. The book argues for a return to legal realism and the classical pragmatism of John Dewey and William James and for a rejection of the postmodern critique of critical legal studies. It discusses the two movements with respect to three topics: their view (...)
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  27. Roland Pierik & Wouter Werner (2005). Cosmopolitism, Global Justice and International Law. The Leiden Journal of International Law 18 (4):679-684.score: 3.0
    Along with the exploding attention to globalization, issues of global justice have become central elements in political philosophy. After decades in which debates were dominated by a state-centric paradigm, current debates in political philosophy also address issues of global inequality, global poverty, and the moral foundations of international law. As recent events have demonstrated, these issues also play an important role in the practice of international law. In fields such as peace and security, economic integration, environmental law, and human rights, (...)
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  28. Wouter Meijs & Igor Douven (2007). On the Alleged Impossibility of Coherence. Synthese 157 (3):347 - 360.score: 3.0
    If coherence is to have justificatory status, as some analytical philosophers think it has, it must be truth-conducive, if perhaps only under certain specific conditions. This paper is a critical discussion of some recent arguments that seek to show that under no reasonable conditions can coherence be truth-conducive. More specifically, it considers Bovens and Hartmann’s and Olsson’s “impossibility results,” which attempt to show that coherence cannot possibly be a truth-conducive property. We point to various ways in which the advocates of (...)
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  29. Wouter Floris Kalf (2013). Moral Error Theory, Entailment and Presupposition. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (5):923-937.score: 3.0
    According to moral error theory, moral discourse is error-ridden. Establishing error theory requires establishing two claims. These are that moral discourse carries a non-negotiable commitment to there being a moral reality and that there is no such reality. This paper concerns the first and so-called non-negotiable commitment claim. It starts by identifying the two existing argumentative strategies for settling that claim. The standard strategy is to argue for a relation of conceptual entailment between the moral statements that comprise moral discourse (...)
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  30. Stephan Hartmann & Wouter Meijs (2012). Walter the Banker: The Conjunction Fallacy Reconsidered. [REVIEW] Synthese 184 (1):73-87.score: 3.0
    In a famous experiment by Tversky and Kahneman (Psychol Rev 90:293–315, 1983), featuring Linda the bank teller, the participants assign a higher probability to a conjunction of propositions than to one of the conjuncts, thereby seemingly committing a probabilistic fallacy. In this paper, we discuss a slightly different example featuring someone named Walter, who also happens to work at a bank, and argue that, in this example, it is rational to assign a higher probability to the conjunction of suitably chosen (...)
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  31. Igor Douven & Wouter Meijs (2006). Bootstrap Confirmation Made Quantitative. Synthese 149 (1):97 - 132.score: 3.0
    Glymour’s theory of bootstrap confirmation is a purely qualitative account of confirmation; it allows us to say that the evidence confirms a given theory, but not that it confirms the theory to a certain degree. The present paper extends Glymour’s theory to a quantitative account and investigates the resulting theory in some detail. It also considers the question how bootstrap confirmation relates to justification.
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  32. Wouter Sanderse (2012). The Meaning of Role Modelling in Moral and Character Education. Journal of Moral Education 42 (1):28-42.score: 3.0
    Character education considers teachers to be role models, but it is unclear what this means in practice. Do teachers model admirable character traits? And do they do so effectively? In this article the relevant pedagogical and psychological literature is reviewed in order to shed light on these questions. First, the use of role modelling as a teaching method in secondary education is assessed. Second, adolescents? role models and their moral qualities are identified. Third, the psychology of moral learners is critically (...)
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  33. Roland Pierik & Wouter G. Werner (eds.) (2010). Cosmopolitanism in Context: Perspectives From International Law and Political Theory. Cambridge University Press.score: 3.0
    Is it possible and desirable to translate the basic principles underlying cosmopolitanism as a moral standard into eff ective global institutions? Will the ideals of inclusiveness and equal moral concern for all survive the marriage between cosmopolitanism and institutional power? What are the eff ects of such bureaucratization of cosmopolitan ideals? Th is book examines the strained relationship between cosmopolitanism as a moral standard and the legal institutions in which cosmopolitan norms and principles are to be implemented. Five areas of (...)
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  34. Wouter van Acker (2011). Internationalist Utopias of Visual Education: The Graphic and Scenographic Transformation of the Universal Encyclopaedia in the Work of Paul Otlet, Patrick Geddes, and Otto Neurath. Perspectives on Science 19 (1):32-80.score: 3.0
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  35. Wouter Meijs (2006). Coherence as Generalized Logical Equivalence. Erkenntnis 64 (2):231 - 252.score: 3.0
    In this paper I consider whether there is a measure of coherence that could be rightly claimed to generalize the notion of logical equivalence. I show that Fitelson’s (2003) proposal to that effect encounters some serious difficulties. Furthermore, there is reason to believe that no mutual-support measure could ever be suitable for the formalization of coherence as generalized logical equivalence. Instead, it appears that the only plausible candidate for such a measure is one of relative overlap. The measure I propose (...)
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  36. Huib M. De Jong & Wouter G. Werner (1998). Continuity and Change in Legal Positivism. Law and Philosophy 17 (3):233-250.score: 3.0
    Institutional theory of law (ITL) reflects both continuity and change of Kelsen's legal positivism. The main alteration results from the way ITL extends Hart's linguistic turn towards ordinary language philosophy (OLP). Hart holds – like Kelsen – that law cannot be reduced to brute fact nor morality, but because of its attempt to reconstruct social practices his theory is more inclusive. By introducing the notion of law as an extra-linguistic institution ITL takes a next step in legal positivism and accounts (...)
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  37. Vivian Bohl & Wouter van den Bos (2012). Toward an Integrative Account of Social Cognition: Marrying Theory of Mind and Interactionism to Study the Interplay of Type 1 and Type 2 Processes. [REVIEW] Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 3.0
    Traditional theory of mind (ToM) accounts for social cognition have been at the basis of most studies in the social cognitive neurosciences. However, in recent years, the need to go beyond traditional ToM accounts for understanding real life social interactions has become all the more pressing. At the same time it remains unclear whether alternative accounts, such as interactionism, can yield a sufficient description and explanation of social interactions. We argue that instead of considering ToM and interactionism as mutually exclusive (...)
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  38. Wouter Meijs (2007). A Corrective to Bovens and Hartmann's Measure of Coherence. Philosophical Studies 133 (2):151 - 180.score: 3.0
    Bovens and Hartmann (Bayesian Epistemology, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003) propose to analyze coherence as a confidence-boosting property. On the basis of this idea, they construct a new probabilistic theory of coherence. In this paper, I will attempt to show that the resulting measure of coherence clashes with some of the intuitions that motivate it. Also, I will try to show that this clash is not due to the view on coherence as a confidence-boosting property or to the general features (...)
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  39. Robert Williams, Bayesian Epistemology.score: 3.0
    Synthese 156 (3) (2007). Special issue ed. with Luc Bovens. With contributions by Max Albert, Branden Fitelson, Dennis Dieks, Igor Douven and Wouter Meijs, Alan Hájek, Colin Howson, James Joyce, and Patrick Suppes.
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  40. Ger Snik, Johan De Jong & Wouter Van Haaften (2004). Preventive Intervention in Families at Risk: The Limits of Liberalism. Journal of Philosophy of Education 38 (2):181–193.score: 3.0
  41. Wouter Goris (2011). Two-Staged Doctrines of God as First Known and the Transformation of the Concept of Reality in Bonaventure and Henry of Ghent. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 85 (1):77-97.score: 3.0
    The medieval doctrine of God as first known presents a privileged moment in a tradition of classical metaphysics that runs from Plato to Levinas. The presentcontribution analyzes two versions of this doctrine formulated by Bonaventure († 1274) and Henry of Ghent († 1293). In reaction to the preceding discussion inParis, they advance a doctrine of God as first known that distinguishes the relative priority of God within the first known transcendental concepts from the absolutepriority of God over these. Although their (...)
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  42. Mirjam de Groot, Martin Drenthen & Wouter T. de Groot (2011). Public Visions of the Human/Nature Relationship and Their Implications for Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 33 (1):25-44.score: 3.0
    A social scientific survey on visions of human/nature relationships in western Europe shows that the public clearly distinguishes not only between anthropocentrism and ecocentrism, but also between two nonanthropocentric types of thought, which may be called “partnership with nature” and “participation in nature.” In addition, the respondents distinguish a form of human/nature relationship that is allied to traditional stewardship but has a more ecocentric content, labeled here as “guardianship of nature.” Further analysis shows that the general public does not subscribe (...)
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  43. Wouter Meijs & Igor Douven (2005). Bovens and Hartmann on Coherence. Mind 114 (454):355-363.score: 3.0
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  44. Wouter Teepe (2006). Proving Possession of Arbitrary Secrets While Not Giving Them Away: New Protocols and a Proof in GNY Logic. Synthese 149 (2):409 - 443.score: 3.0
    This paper introduces and describes new protocols for proving knowledge of secrets without giving them away: if the verifier does not know the secret, he does not learn it. This can all be done while only using one-way hash functions. If also the use of encryption is allowed, these goals can be reached in a more efficient way. We extend and use the GNY authentication logic to prove correctness of these protocols.
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  45. Wouter Haaften (1996). Relativism and Absolutism: How Both Can Be Right. Metaphilosophy 27 (3):324-326.score: 3.0
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  46. Laurens Mommers, Wim Voermans, Wouter Koelewijn & Hugo Kielman (2009). Understanding the Law: Improving Legal Knowledge Dissemination by Translating the Contents of Formal Sources of Law. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (1):51-78.score: 3.0
    Considerable attention has been given to the accessibility of legal documents, such as legislation and case law, both in legal information retrieval (query formulation, search algorithms), in legal information dissemination practice (numerous examples of on-line access to formal sources of law), and in legal knowledge-based systems (by translating the contents of those documents to ready-to-use rule and case-based systems). However, within AI & law, it has hardly ever been tried to make the contents of sources of law, and the relations (...)
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  47. Jan van Eijck, Reasoning About Communication.score: 3.0
    The communicative effect of a collective message from the Dutch former minister of finance Wouter Bos to inform all his contacts about his new email address is completely different from that of a set of individual messages to the same list. The talk will explain how differences of this kind can be modelled in epistemic logic (the logic of knowledge). A central notion here is common knowledge. We will explain the general framework for describing update effects of messages as (...)
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  48. Wouter Duyck & Andr (2003). Conditional Reasoning with a Spatial Content Requires Visuo-Spatial Working Memory. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):267 – 287.score: 3.0
    In previous research, Toms, Morris, and Ward (1993) have shown that conditional reasoning is impaired by a concurrent task calling on executive functions but not by concurrent tasks that load on the slave systems of the working memory system as conceptualised by Baddeley and Hitch (1974). The present article replicates and extends this previous work by studying problems based on spatial as well as nonspatial relations. In the study 42 participants solved 16 types of spatial or nonspatial problems, both in (...)
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  49. Wouter F. Kalf (2014). The Tractatus Theologico-Politicus and the Received View of Spinoza on Democracy. Res Publica 20 (3):263-279.score: 3.0
    On many interpretations of Spinoza’s political philosophy, democracy emerges as his ideal type of government. But a type of government can be ideal and yet it can be unwise to implement it if certain background conditions obtain. For example, a dominion’s people can be too ‘wretched by the conditions of slavery’ to rule themselves. This begs the following question. Do Spinoza’s arguments for democracy entail that all political bodies should be democracies at all times (the received view), or do they (...)
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  50. Wouter Peeters, Jo Dirix & Sigrid Sterckx (forthcoming). Towards an Integration of the Ecological Space Paradigm and the Capabilities Approach. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-18.score: 3.0
    In order to develop a model of equitable and sustainable distribution, this paper advocates integrating the ecological space paradigm and the capabilities approach. As the currency of distribution, this account proposes a hybrid of capabilities and ecological space. Although the goal of distributive justice should be to secure and promote people’s capabilities now and in the future, doing so requires acknowledging that these capabilities are dependent on the biophysical preconditions as well as inculcating the ethos of restraint. Both issues have (...)
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