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Xianglong Zhang [11]Xi Zhang [4]Xiqin Zhang [4]Xinyan Zhang [4]
Xinqing Zhang [4]Xiuqin Zhang [2]Xinping Zhang [2]Xiaolong Zhang [2]

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Profile: Xiangying Zhang
Profile: Xiaoxing Zhang (École Normale Supérieure)
Profile: Xin-An Zhang
Profile: Xinyi Zhang
  1. Ron Sun & Xi Zhang, Accounting for Similarity-Based Reasoning Within a Cognitive Architecture.
    This work explores the importance of similarity-based processes in human everyday reasoning, beyond purely rule-based processes prevalent in AI and cognitive science. A unified framework encompassing both rulebased and similarity-based reasoning may provide explanations for a variety of human reasoning data.
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  2. Ron Sun & Xi Zhang, Accessibility Versus Action-Centeredness in the Representation of Cognitive Skills.
    We believe that the distinction between procedural and declarative knowledge unnecessarily confounds two issues: action-centeredness and accessibility, and can be made clearer through separating the two aspects. The work presents an integrated model of skill learning that takes into account both implicit and explicit processes and both action-centered and non-action-centered knowledge. We examine and simulate human data in the Letter Counting task. The work shows how the data may be captured using either the action-centered knowledge alone or the combined action-centered (...)
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  3. Ron Sun, Xi Zhang & Robert Mathews, Modeling Meta-Cognition in a Cognitive Architecture.
    This paper describes how meta-cognitive processes (i.e., the self monitoring and regulating of cognitive processes) may be captured within a cognitive architecture Clarion. Some currently popular cognitive architectures lack sufficiently complex built-in meta-cognitive mechanisms. However, a sufficiently complex meta-cognitive mechanism is important, in that it is an essential part of cognition and without it, human cognition may not function properly. We contend that such a meta-cognitive mechanism should be an integral part of a cognitive architecture. Thus such a mechanism has (...)
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  4. Xiaofei Zheng, Fangying Zhong & Xinping Zhang (forthcoming). Doctors' Compliance with National Guidelines and Clinical Pathway on the Treatment of Tuberculosis Inpatients in Hubei, China. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice:n/a-n/a.
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  5. Sebastian C. Schuh, Xin-an Zhang & Peng Tian (2013). For the Good or the Bad? Interactive Effects of Transformational Leadership with Moral and Authoritarian Leadership Behaviors. Journal of Business Ethics 116 (3):629-640.
    Although the ethical aspects of transformational leadership have attracted considerable attention, very little is known about followers’ reactions to the moral and immoral conduct of transformational leaders. Against this background, this study examined whether and how transformational leadership interacts with moral and authoritarian leadership behaviors in predicting followers’ in-role and extra-role efforts. Building on attribution theory, we hypothesized that the positive and negative effects of these leadership behaviors would be particularly pronounced for highly transformational leaders given that this leadership style (...)
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  6. Xin-xin Zhang, Zhao-lin Huo & Yue-Hong Zhang (2013). Detecting and (Not) Dealing with Plagiarism in an Engineering Paper: Beyond CrossCheck—A Case Study. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):1-11.
    In papers in areas such as engineering and the physical sciences, figures, tables and formulae are the basic elements to communicate the authors’ core ideas, workings and results. As a computational text-matching tool, CrossCheck cannot work on these non-textual elements to detect plagiarism. Consequently, when comparing engineering or physical sciences papers, CrossCheck may return a low similarity index even when plagiarism has in fact taken place. A case of demonstrated plagiarism involving engineering papers with a low similarity index is discussed, (...)
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  7. Wei Zhou, Yanmin Dong, Xiaozhi Lin, Wenli Lu, Xin Tian, Lianping Yang & Xinping Zhang (2013). Community Health Service Capacity in China: A Survey in Three Municipalities. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (1):167-172.
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  8. Xianglong Zhang (2012). Deguo Zhe Xue, Deguo Wen Hua Yu Zhongguo Zhe Li =. Shanghai Wai Yu Jiao Yu Chu Ban She.
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  9. Xinqing Zhang (2012). Reflection on Family Consent: Based on a Pregnant Death in a Beijing Hospital. Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):164-168.
    The ‘family consent’ process has been placed at the centre of Chinese clinical practice. Although there has been critical analysis of how the process functions in relation to the autonomy and rights of patients, there has been little examination of the perceptions and attitude of patients and their families and the medical professionals, in relation to moral dilemmas that arise in real cases in the bioethical discourse. When faced with a consent form in an emergency situation, the family member's capacity (...)
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  10. Jing-Bo Zhao, Jian-Lin Ji, Fang Tang, Qing-Yun Du, Xue-Ling Yang, Zhen-Zhi Yang, Yan-Fei Hou & Xiao-Yuan Zhang (2012). National Survey of Client's Perceptions of Chinese Psychotherapist Practices. Ethics and Behavior 22 (5):362 - 377.
    The present study is a cross-sectional survey that investigates ethical practices among Chinese psychotherapists from the perspective of a large representative sample of Chinese clients (N?=?1,100). In reports from clients, we found that psychotherapists did poorly in providing informed consent and had other ethical difficulties in the therapeutic setting and with dual relationships. We conclude that Chinese culture, especially Confucianism, had significant impact on the attitudes toward the psychotherapists' ethical practices, which complicated ethical dilemmas. It is important for cross-cultural psychotherapists (...)
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  11. Xianglong Zhang (2011). Haidege'er Si Xiang Yu Zhongguo Tian Dao: Zhong Ji Shi Yu de Kai Qi Yu Jiao Rong. Zhongguo Ren Min da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  12. Xianglong Zhang (2011). Is Political Confucianism a Universalism? An Analysis of Jiang Qing's Philosophical Tendency. In. In Ruiping Fan (ed.), The Renaissance of Confucianism in Contemporary China. Springer. 225--237.
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  13. Xianglong Zhang (2011). Kant's View on the Parent-Child Relationship and its Problems—Analyses From a Temporal Perspective as to the Creation and Rearing of a Being Endowed with Freedom. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (1):145-160.
    This article will probe into Kant’s viewpoints about parent-child relationship so as to demonstrate that they are inspiring on the one hand—for example on dealing with the relationship as that pertinent to the thing in itself, but on the other hand, there are many flaws. His strategy on avoiding the difficulty of creating by man a being endowed with freedom depends merely on an one-sided comprehension of time, because according to Kant himself, there is a difference as to the time (...)
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  14. Xin'guo Zhang (2011). Xin Ke Xue Guan Li: Xin Xing Gong Ye Hua Shi Dai de Guan Li Si Xiang Ji Fang Fa Yan Jiu = the New Wave of Scientific Management: Philosophy and Methodology of Management in the New Industrialization's Era. Ji Xie Gong Ye Chu Ban She.
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  15. Xinhe Zhang (2011). Mo Jia Luyang Xuan Yi An: Mozi Li Ji Yu Shi Ji Kao Shi. Henan da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  16. Xinqing Zhang & Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner (2011). Tensions Between Medical Professionals and Patients in Mainland China. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (3):458-465.
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  17. Xiqin Zhang (2011). Ru Xue Zai Zhongguo Jin Dai de Ming Yun. Ren Min Chu Ban She.
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  18. Xianglong Zhang (2010). Comparison Paradox, Comparative Situation and Inter-Paradigmaticy: A Methodological Reflection on Cross-Cultural Philosophical Comparison [Abstract]. Comparative Philosophy 1 (1).
    It is commonly believed that philosophica l comparison depends on having some common measure or standard between and above the compared parts. The paper is to show that the foregoing common belief is incorrect and therewith to inquire into the possibility of cross-cultural philosophical comparison. First, the ‘comparison paradox’ will be expounded. It is a theoretical difficulty for the philosophical tendency represented by Plato’s theory of Ideas to justify comparative activities. Further, the connection of the comparative paradox with the obstacles (...)
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  19. Xiangrong Zhang (2010). Meng, Wentong 蒙文通, Five Essays on Confucianism 儒學五論. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (2):245-247.
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  20. Xiaofen Zhang (2010). Tian Li Yu Ren Yu Zhi Zheng: Qing Ru Yangzhou Xue Pai "Qing Li Lun" Tan Wei. Xiu Wei Zi Xun Ke Ji Gu Fen You Xian Gong Si.
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  21. Xinqing Zhang, Kenji Matsui, Benjamin Krohmal, Alaa Zeid, Vasantha Muthuswamy, Young Koo, Yoshikuni Kita & Reidar K. Lie (2010). Attitudes Towards Transfers of Human Tissue Samples Across Borders: An International Survey of Researchers and Policy Makers in Five Countries. BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):16-.
    Background: Sharing of tissue samples for research and disease surveillance purposes has become increasingly important. While it is clear that this is an area of intense, international controversy, there is an absence of data about what researchers themselves and those involved in the transfer of samples think about these issues, particularly in developing countries. Methods: A survey was carried out in a number of Asian countries and in Egypt to explore what researchers and others involved in research, storage and transfer (...)
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  22. Xiping Zhang (ed.) (2010). Laibunici Si Xiang Zhong de Zhongguo Yuan Su. Da Xiang Chu Ban She.
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  23. Xiqin Zhang (2010). Yi de Ji. Heilongjiang da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  24. Nick Lee, Amanda Beatson, Tony C. Garrett, Ian Lings & Xi Zhang (2009). A Study of the Attitudes Towards Unethical Selling Amongst Chinese Salespeople. Journal of Business Ethics 88 (3):497 - 515.
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  25. Xianglong Zhang (2009). The Coming Time “Between” Being and Daoist Emptiness: An Analysis of Heidegger's Article Inquiring Into the Uniqueness of the Poet Via the Lao Zi. Philosophy East and West 59 (1):pp. 71-87.
    In volume 75 of Heidegger’s Complete Works, there is an article written in 1943 in which Heidegger cited the whole of chapter 11 of the Lao Zi to illustrate his view of the uniqueness of the poet. This essay attempts to expose Heidegger’s rendering and interpretation of that chapter. They contain both a deepened exegesis of his doctrine of “Being” and “time” in his earlier writing, and a methodological revealing of the guiding word “appropriation” in his late works.
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  26. Xianglong Zhang (2009). The Philosophical Feature of Confucianism and its Position in Inter-Cultural Dialogue: Universalism or Non-Universalism? [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (4):483-492.
    Confucianism is a rather typical non-universalism, even though it does believe that its own doctrines are indeed the ultimate truth, and denies the validity of any higher, universalist meta-standard. Therefore, when facing the contemporary culture intercourse, Confucianism advocates genuine discourse: It rejects any cultural conflict to-the-death, refuses to engage in universalist competition and antagonism, and maintains a mutually-beneficial interaction with other cultures. However, it also adheres to a “free-to-terminate-relations” principle, which implies that any side is free to terminate, at any (...)
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  27. Xinqing Zhang (2009). Bioethical Regulation and Human Genetic Databases in Mainland China : A National Survey Among Scientists and Regulators on Consent Issues and Benefit-Sharing. In Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner (ed.), Human Genetic Biobanks in Asia: Politics of Trust and Scientific Advancement. Routledge.
     
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  28. Xiqin Zhang (2009). Zhongguo Chuan Tong Dao de Ju Yao. Heilongjiang da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  29. Xianglong Zhang (2008). Zhonghua Gu Xue Yu Xiang Xiang Xue. Shandong You Yi Chu Ban She.
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  30. Xiaolong Zhang & Wen Cheng (2008). An Improved Tabu Search Algorithm for 3D Protein Folding Problem. In. In Tu-Bao Ho & Zhi-Hua Zhou (eds.), Pricai 2008: Trends in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. 1104--1109.
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  31. Xinyan Zhang (2008). Dynamics of Human Society. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 46:117-119.
    One conjecture is presented in this paper, which assumes that human societies might be understood as two measurable dynamic states.
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  32. Xinyan Zhang (2008). From Everything Outside Mind to Those Inside. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 44:87-97.
    Author tried in this paper to deduce the principles of subjective world from some new concepts on objective world. I believe, through a full understanding of the objective world, we may easily approach to a general understanding of our subjective world – the human mind itself. One of the major obstacles to achieving this goal is that we still do not have a theoretical system that can describe both the worlds with the same concepts. In this paper I will put (...)
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  33. Xinyan Zhang (2008). Philosophical Theory of Everything. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 17:175-191.
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  34. Xinyan Zhang (2008). The Interaction between Mental Energy and Memory. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 42:273-279.
    In his paper, From Everything Outside Mind To Those Inside, submitted also to WCP 2008, the author put forward an idea that the existence of a human mind might generally be understood as either the interaction between circulating mental energies and living memories or results of the interaction. A further discussion on the details of this interaction is presented in this paper. The interaction may be divided into instinctive activities and intellective activities that may be further divided into basic activities (...)
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  35. Xiqin Zhang & Wenhua Chai (eds.) (2008). Zhongguo Lun Li Dao de Bian Qian Shi Gao. Ren Min Chu Ban She.
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  36. Xiuqin Zhang (2008). 反思政治意识形态. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 50:1105-1115.
    Theory, insitution, and practise, which bridge politics with ideology,are medias by which the interact between politics and ideology can be carrying on. As we know,there is a so closly relationship between ideology and politics that we would be identy the practise of ideology with politics. This thesis, Therefore, try toinquiring the polital ideology not just based on the dimension of pure theory itself but on the dimensions of theory,insitution and practise,and also the inreactions of them.It is to say that, as (...)
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  37. Xianglong Zhang (2007). A Temporal Analysis of the Consciousness of Filial Piety. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (3):309-335.
    The reason for the emergence of consciousness of filial piety is that parental care could activate reciprocal filial piety. Parental care and filial piety are two supplementary phenomena caused by the same time consciousness. Phenomenology neglects consciousness of filial piety because it lacks the thinking that sees the fundamental “meaning of time” in the intersection of “past” and “future”. The consciousness of filial piety can only be really constituted by a human being’s personal experience. “Frustrations in personal life” and “breeding (...)
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  38. Xianglong Zhang (2007). Si Xiang Bi Nan: Quan Qiu Hua Zhong de Zhongguo Gu Dai Zhe Li. Beijing da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  39. Xiaoping Zhang & Jianyun Zhang (eds.) (2007). He Xie Wen Hua de Li Lun Yu Shi Jian. Ren Min Chu Ban She.
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  40. Xianglong Zhang (2006). Flowing Within the Text: A Discussion on He Lin's Explanation of Zhu XI's Method of Intuition. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (1):60-65.
    The author examines He Lin's interpretation of Zhu Xi's method of intuition from a phenomenological-hermeneutical perspective and by exposing Zhu's philosophical presuppositions. In contrast with Lu Xiangshan's intuitive method, Zhu Xi's method of reading classics advocates "emptying your heart and flowing with the text" and, in this spirit, explains the celebrated "exhaustive investigation on the principles of things (ge wu qiong li)." "Text," according to Zhu, is therefore not an object in ordinary sense but a "contextual region" or "sensible pattern" (...)
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  41. Xiaolong Zhang, Chuan Jiang & Ming-Jian Luo (2006). Algorithm Approaches to Knowledge Acquisition-Training Classifiers for Unbalanced Distribution and Cost-Sensitive Domains with ROC Analysis. In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer-Verlag. 4303--89.
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  42. Tran Cao Son, Phan Huy Tu & Xin Zhang (2005). Reasoning About Sensing Actions in Domains with Multi-Valued Fluents. Studia Logica 79 (1):135 - 160.
    In this paper, we discuss the weakness of current action languages for sensing actions with respect to modeling domains with multi-valued fluents. To address this problem, we propose a language with sensing actions and multi-valued fluents, called AMK, provide a transition function based semantics for the language, and demonstrate its use through several examples from the literature. We then define the entailment relationship between action theories and queries in AMK, denoted by ⊧AMK, and discuss some properties about AMK.
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  43. Xiuqin Zhang (2005). Makesi Yi Shi Xing Tai Li Lun de Dang Dai Chan Shi. Zhongguo She Hui Ke Xue Chu Ban She.
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  44. Xian'gen Zhang (2004). Cun Zai Zhen Li Yu Yan: Haidegeer Mei Xue Si Xiang Yan Jiu. Wuhan da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  45. Xiaohu Zhang (2004). Xing Fa de Ji Ben Guan Nian. Beijing da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  46. Xian Zhang (1993). Husserl's Intentionality and Mind'in Chinese Philosophy. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 20 (1):29-43.