Search results for 'Y. Rady Mohamed' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mohamed Rady, Joseph Verheijde & Muna Ali (2009). Islam and End-of-Life Practices in Organ Donation for Transplantation: New Questions and Serious Sociocultural Consequences. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 21 (2):175-205.score: 1290.0
    Islam and End-of-Life Practices in Organ Donation for Transplantation: New Questions and Serious Sociocultural Consequences Content Type Journal Article Pages 175-205 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9095-8 Authors Mohamed Y. Rady, Mayo Clinic Hospital in Phoenix 5777 East Mayo Boulevard Phoenix Arizona USA 85054 Joseph L. Verheijde, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine 5777 East Mayo Boulevard Phoenix Arizona USA 85054 Muna S. Ali, Arizona State University Phoenix Arizona USA Journal HEC Forum Online ISSN 1572-8498 Print ISSN 0956-2737 Journal Volume Volume 21 Journal (...)
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  2. Y. Rady Mohamed, L. Verheijde Joseph & S. Ali Muna (2009). Islam and End-of-Life Practices in Organ Donation for Transplantation: New Questions and Serious Sociocultural Consequences. HEC Forum 21 (2).score: 870.0
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  3. Aaron G. Rizzieri, Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor (2008). Ethical Challenges with the Left Ventricular Assist Device as a Destination Therapy. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3 (1):1-15.score: 870.0
    The left ventricular assist device was originally designed to be surgically implanted as a bridge to transplantation for patients with chronic end-stage heart failure. On the basis of the REMATCH trial, the US Food and Drug Administration and the US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services approved permanent implantation of the left ventricular assist device as a destination therapy in Medicare beneficiaries who are not candidates for heart transplantation. The use of the left ventricular assist device as a destination therapy (...)
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  4. Joseph L. Verheijde & Mohamed Y. Rady (2011). Justifying Physician-Assisted Death in Organ Donation. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):52-54.score: 870.0
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 8, Page 52-54, August 2011.
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  5. Michael Potts, Joseph L. Verheijde & Mohamed Y. Rady (2012). When a Nudge Becomes a Shove. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (2):40-42.score: 870.0
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 2, Page 40-42, February 2012.
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  6. Mohamed Y. Rady & Joseph L. Verheijde (2010). Retraction: End-of-Life Discontinuation of Destination Therapy with Cardiac and Ventilatory Support Medical Devices: Physician-Assisted Death or Allowing the Patient to Die? BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):20-.score: 870.0
    BackgroundBioethics and law distinguish between the practices of "physician-assisted death" and "allowing the patient to die."DiscussionAdvances in biotechnology have allowed medical devices to be used as destination therapy that are designed for the permanent support of cardiac function and/or respiration after irreversible loss of these spontaneous vital functions. For permanent support of cardiac function, single ventricle or biventricular mechanical assist devices and total artificial hearts are implanted in the body. Mechanical ventilators extrinsic to the body are used for permanent support (...)
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  7. Tito B. Carvalho, Mohamed Y. Rady, Joseph L. Verheijde & Jason Scott Robert (2011). Continuous Deep Sedation in End-of-Life Care: Disentangling Palliation From Physician-Assisted Death. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (6):60 - 62.score: 870.0
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 6, Page 60-62, June 2011.
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  8. Mohamed Y. Rady & Joseph L. Verheijde (2013). Brain-Dead Patients Are Not Cadavers: The Need to Revise the Definition of Death in Muslim Communities. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 25 (1):25-45.score: 870.0
    The utilitarian construct of two alternative criteria of human death increases the supply of transplantable organs at the end of life. Neither the neurological criterion (heart-beating donation) nor the circulatory criterion (non-heart-beating donation) is grounded in scientific evidence but based on philosophical reasoning. A utilitarian death definition can have unintended consequences for dying Muslim patients: (1) the expedited process of determining death for retrieval of transplantable organs can lead to diagnostic errors, (2) the equivalence of brain death with human death (...)
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  9. Mohamed Y. Rady, Joan L. McGregor & Joseph L. Verheijde (2012). Mass Media Campaigns and Organ Donation: Managing Conflicting Messages and Interests. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):229-241.score: 870.0
    Mass media campaigns are widely and successfully used to change health decisions and behaviors for better or for worse in society. In the United States, media campaigns have been launched at local offices of the states’ department of motor vehicles to promote citizens’ willingness to organ donation and donor registration. We analyze interventional studies of multimedia communication campaigns to encourage organ-donor registration at local offices of states’ department of motor vehicles. The media campaigns include the use of multifaceted communication tools (...)
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  10. Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor (2007). The United States Revised Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (2006): New Challenges to Balancing Patient Rights and Physician Responsibilities. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 (1):19.score: 870.0
    Advance health care directives and informed consent remain the cornerstones of patients' right to self-determination regarding medical care and preferences at the end-of-life. However, the effectiveness and clinical applicability of advance health care directives to decision-making on the use of life support systems at the end-of-life is questionable. The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (UAGA) has been revised in 2006 to permit the use of life support systems at or near death for the purpose of maximizing procurement opportunities of organs medically (...)
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  11. Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor (2009). Brain Death, States of Impaired Consciousness, and Physician-Assisted Death for End-of-Life Organ Donation and Transplantation. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):409-421.score: 870.0
    In 1968, the Harvard criteria equated irreversible coma and apnea (i.e., brain death) with human death and later, the Uniform Determination of Death Act was enacted permitting organ procurement from heart-beating donors. Since then, clinical studies have defined a spectrum of states of impaired consciousness in human beings: coma, akinetic mutism (locked-in syndrome), minimally conscious state, vegetative state and brain death. In this article, we argue against the validity of the Harvard criteria for equating brain death with human death. (1) (...)
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  12. Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan McGregor (2007). Recovery of Transplantable Organs After Cardiac or Circulatory Death: Transforming the Paradigm for the Ethics of Organ Donation. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 (1):8-.score: 870.0
    Organ donation after cardiac or circulatory death (DCD) has been introduced to increase the supply of transplantable organs. In this paper, we argue that the recovery of viable organs useful for transplantation in DCD is not compatible with the dead donor rule and we explain the consequential ethical and legal ramifications. We also outline serious deficiencies in the current consent process for DCD with respect to disclosure of necessary elements for voluntary informed decision making and respect for the donor's autonomy. (...)
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  13. Mohamed Y. Rady & Joseph L. Verheijde (2014). The Moral Code in Islam and Organ Donation in Western Countries: Reinterpreting Religious Scriptures to Meet Utilitarian Medical Objectives. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9 (1):11.score: 870.0
    End-of-life organ donation is controversial in Islam. The controversy stems from: (1) scientifically flawed medical criteria of death determination; (2) invasive perimortem procedures for preserving transplantable organs; and (3) incomplete disclosure of information to consenting donors and families. Data from a survey of Muslims residing in Western countries have shown that the interpretation of religious scriptures and advice of faith leaders were major barriers to willingness for organ donation. Transplant advocates have proposed corrective interventions: (1) reinterpreting religious scriptures, (2) reeducating (...)
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  14. Thomas M. Wertin, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joseph L. Verheijde (2012). Antemortem Donor Bilateral Nephrectomy: A Violation of the Patient's Best Interests Standard. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (6):17-20.score: 870.0
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 6, Page 17-20, June 2012.
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  15. Michael Potts, Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & David W. Evans (2013). The Ethics of Limiting Informed Debate: Censorship of Select Medical Publications in the Interest of Organ Transplantation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (6):625-638.score: 870.0
    Recently, several articles in the scholarly literature on medical ethics proclaim the need for “responsible scholarship” in the debate over the proper criteria for death, in which “responsible scholarship” is defined in terms of support for current neurological criteria for death. In a recent article, James M. DuBois is concerned that academic critiques of current death criteria create unnecessary doubt about the moral acceptability of organ donation, which may affect the public’s willingness to donate. Thus he calls for a closing (...)
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  16. Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan McGregor (2009). Presumed Consent for Organ Preservation in Uncontrolled Donation After Cardiac Death in the United States: A Public Policy with Serious Consequences. [REVIEW] Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4 (1):1-8.score: 870.0
    Organ donation after cessation of circulation and respiration, both controlled and uncontrolled, has been proposed by the Institute of Medicine as a way to increase opportunities for organ procurement. Despite claims to the contrary, both forms of controlled and uncontrolled donation after cardiac death raise significant ethical and legal issues. Identified causes for concern include absence of agreement on criteria for the declaration of death, nonexistence of universal guidelines for duration before stopping resuscitation efforts and techniques, and assumption of presumed (...)
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  17. Mohamed Y. Rady, Joan L. McGregor & Joseph L. Verheijde (2013). Transparency and Accountability in Mass Media Campaigns About Organ Donation: A Response to Morgan and Feeley. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):869-876.score: 870.0
    We respond to Morgan and Feeley’s critique on our article “Mass Media in Organ Donation: Managing Conflicting Messages and Interests.” We noted that Morgan and Feeley agree with the position that the primary aims of media campaigns are: “to educate the general public about organ donation process” and “help individuals make informed decisions” about organ donation. For those reasons, the educational messages in media campaigns should not be restricted to “information from pilot work or focus groups” but should include evidence-based (...)
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  18. Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan McGregor (2009). Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4:15.score: 870.0
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  19. M. Potts, J. L. Verheijde, M. Y. Rady & D. W. Evans (2010). Normative Consent and Presumed Consent for Organ Donation: A Critique. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (8):498-499.score: 240.0
    Ben Saunders claims that actual consent is not necessary for organ donation due to ‘normative consent’, a concept he borrows from David Estlund. Combining normative consent with Peter Singer's ‘greater moral evil principle’, Saunders argues that it is immoral for an individual to refuse consent to donate his or her organs. If a presumed consent policy were thus adopted, it would be morally legitimate to remove organs from individuals whose wishes concerning donation are not known. This paper disputes Saunders' arguments. (...)
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  20. M. Y. Rady & J. L. Verheijde (2012). Distress From Voluntary Refusal of Food and Fluids to Hasten Death: What is the Role of Continuous Deep Sedation? Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (8):510-512.score: 240.0
    In assisted dying, the end-of-life trajectory is shortened to relieve unbearable suffering. Unbearable suffering is defined broadly enough to include cognitive (early dementia), psychosocial or existential distress. It can include old-age afflictions that are neither life-threatening nor fatal in the “vulnerable elderly”. The voluntary refusal of food and fluids (VRFF) combined with continuous deep sedation (CDS) for assisted dying is legal. Scientific understanding of awareness of internal and external nociceptive stimuli under CDS is rudimentary. CDS may blunt the wakefulness component (...)
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  21. M. Y. Rady & J. L. Verheijde (forthcoming). Liverpool Care Pathway: Life-Ending Pathway or Palliative Care Pathway? Journal of Medical Ethics.score: 240.0
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  22. Montserrat Abumalham Mas (2002). Charfi, Mohamed. Islam y Libertad. El malentendido histórico. 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 7:244.score: 120.0
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  23. Mohamed Y. Rady, Joseph L. Verheijde & Michael Potts (2011). Quality Palliative Care or Physician-Assisted Death: A Comment on the French Perspective of End-of-Life Care in Neurological Disorders. Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 2 (2).score: 90.0
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  24. Mohamed Bilal Achmal (2011). Ŷihād e iŷtihād en el pensamiento combativo musulmán (Ibn Taymiya, Sayyed Qutb y 'Abd as-Salām Faraŷ). Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 11:64-74.score: 42.0
    En la historia del pensamiento político musulmán ŷihād e iŷtihād siempre van unidos. Pero es en el pensamiento combativo donde más se manifiesta esa unión de un modo transcendente. El objetivo del presente trabajo es plantear el aspecto transhistórico del iŷtihād y del ŷihād, y con ello, exponer de manifiesto el siempre fracasado proceso de emancipación histórica y teológica del proyecto ŷihadístico basado sobre la mistificación de lo sustancialmente humano.
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  25. Mohamed Bilal Achmal (2011). Yihad e iytihad en el pensamiento combativo musulmán (Ibn Taymiya, Sayyed Qutb y'Abd as-Salam Faray). Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 11:64 - 74.score: 42.0
    En la historia del pensamiento politico musulman .ih.d e i.tih.d siempre van unidos. Pero es en el pensamiento combativo donde mas se manifiesta esa union de un modo transcendente. El objetivo del presente trabajo es plantear el aspecto transhistorico del i.tih.d y del .ih.d, y con ello, exponer de manifiesto el siempre fracasado proceso de emancipacion historica y teologica del proyecto .ihadistico basado sobre la mistificacion de lo sustancialmente humano.
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  26. Mohamed Bilal Achmal (2011). Ŷihād e iŷtihād en el pensamiento combativo musulmán (Ibn Taymiya, Sayyed Qutb y'Abd as-Salām Faraŷ). Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 11:64 - 74.score: 36.0
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  27. Mohamed Bilal Achmal (2006). Estado actual de la enseñanza de la filosofía en Marruecos: Programas y manuales. A Parte Rei: Revista de Filosofía 44:12.score: 36.0
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  28. Tawfiq Ibrahim, Carolina Domenech Belda, Sonia Gutierrez Lloret, Rafael Frochoso Sanchez, Xavier Ballestin Navarro, Félix Retamero, Mohamed Elhadri, Maribel Fierro, Salvador Pena Martin & Miguel Vega Martin (2006). Derecho y religión en las monedas del occidente islámico. Al-Qantara: Revista de Estudios Árabes 27 (2):329-550.score: 36.0
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  29. Mohamed El-Madkouri Maataoui (2008). Escuela, lengua, identidad y problemática de integración de inmigrantes. 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones:139-157.score: 36.0
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  30. Jordi Pardo Pastor (2005). Mahoma y el Anticristo en la obra de Ramon Llull. Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 22:159-175.score: 16.0
    The dream of the conversion in Ramon Llull is related with the own author’s vital vicissitudes. Therefore, the Islamic influence in the lulian system is obvious, besides the knowledge of Arab sources on the part of the author. On the other hand, Mohammed’s vision and the Islam that Ramon Llull presents is intimately related with its apologetic plans, inserting it in the Christian tradition of rebuttal, being in to traditional way a topic like the Antichrist.
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  31. Mohamed Mesbahi (2006). La visión filosófica del mundo en Averroes. Averroes' philosophical view of the universe. Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 23:99-111.score: 12.0
    Averroes, según el autor, argumenta en defensa de la unidad de la verdad y de la razón, tanto en la filosofía como en la religión. Para probarla, primero traslada una de las dos verdades y razones a la otra por medio de la interpretación demostrativa. En segundo lugar, aleja la filosofía de las desviaciones teológica, el llamado Kalam, y sufí. Finalmente, liberada la filosofía del sufismo y del Kalam, Averroes persigue el objetivo del la filosofía como ser en sus tres (...)
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  32. Mohamed Bilal Achmal (2008). Los verdaderos filósofos del Islam: selección de textos de Samí Nashar sobre la crítica de la filosofía peripatética en el mundo islámico. Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 6:60-69.score: 12.0
    La presente seleccion de textos, contiene los principales aspectos de la tesis del pensador egipcio Ali Sami Nash.r destacado miembro de la escuela "fundamentalista" defensora de la "originalidad de la filosofia islamica" en la historia del pensamiento arabe moderno. En estos textos, se llega a afirmar que la filosofia islamica tuvo su propia y especial estructura y por consiguiente, su peculiar personalidad, y que los filosofos dichos "islamicos" no eran nada mas que filosofos peripateticos seguidores de Aristoteles mientras que los (...)
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  33. Mohamed Bilal Achmal (2013). Textos del legado as' ari magrebí. Al-'Aqi-da al-burha-niyya al-as' ariyya de Abu-'Amr al-Sala-ly^ i-al-Fa-si. Al-Qantara: Revista de Estudios Árabes 34 (1):205 - 213.score: 12.0
    Con la publicación de al-�Aqida al-burhaniyya al-as,ariyya, una joya más del legado as,ari marroquí ha visto la luz. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la importancia de esa edición científica y aportar algunas reflexiones acerca de su contenido y forma.
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  34. Y. Choquet-Bruhat (1971). Approximate Radiative Solutions of Einstein-Maxwell Equations. In. In Charles Goethe Kuper & Asher Peres (eds.), Relativity and Gravitation. New York,Gordon and Breach Science Publishers. 1--81.score: 12.0
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  35. Mohamed Elhadri (2006). Sur le monnayage du premier hudide Sulayman al-Musta 'in. Al-Qantara: Revista de Estudios Árabes 27 (2):447-456.score: 12.0
    Las monedas de las Taifas siguen constituyendo una valiosa fuente de información histórica, de grao utilidad para el estudio de la evolución política e ideológica de al-Andalus después de la caída del califato. Las monedas de los búdica de Zaragoza y, en especial, las acuñadas por el fundador de la dinastía, Sulaymán al-Mustain son un buen ejemplo de lo que pueden decimos las distintas inscripciones de las monedas acerca de la situación política durante los primeros años de la dinastía. Este (...)
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  36. Mohammed Badii & J. Landeros (2007). Cuantificación de la fragmentación del paisaje y su relación con Sustentabilidad. Daena 2 (1):26-38.score: 12.0
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  37. Y. E. Pokrovsky (1965). Radiative Capture of the Charge Carriers by Impurity Atoms in Si and Ge. In. In Karl W. Linsenmann (ed.), Proceedings. St. Louis, Lutheran Academy for Scholarship. 4--129.score: 12.0
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  38. Scott J. Vitell, James R. Lumpkin & Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas (1991). Consumer Ethics: An Investigation of the Ethical Beliefs of Elderly Consumers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 10 (5):365 - 375.score: 8.0
    Business and especially marketing ethics have come to the forefront in recent years. While consumers have been surveyed regarding their perceptions of ethical business and marketing practices, research has been minimal with regard to their perceptions of ethical consumer practices. In addition, few studies have examined the ethical beliefs of elderly consumers even though they are an important and rapidly growing segment. This research investigates the relationship between Machiavellianism, ethical ideology and ethical beliefs for elderly consumers. The results indicate that (...)
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  39. Ziad Swaidan, Scott J. Vitell & Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas (2003). Consumer Ethics: Determinants of Ethical Beliefs of African Americans. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 46 (2):175 - 186.score: 8.0
    This study explores the ethical ideol-ogies and ethical beliefs of African American consumers using the Forsyth ethical position questionnaire (EPQ) and the Muncy-Vitell consumer ethics questionnaire (MVQ). The two dimensions of the EPQ (i.e., idealism and relativism) were the independent constructs and the four dimensions of the MVQ (i.e., illegal, active, passive and no harm) were the dependent variables. In addition, this paper explores the consumer ethics of African Americans across four demographic factors (i.e., age, education, gender, and marital status). (...)
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  40. Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas (1996). Consumer Ethics: An Empirical Investigation of the Ethical Beliefs of Austrian Consumers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (9):1009 - 1019.score: 8.0
    Business and Marketing ethics have come to the forefront in recent years. While consumers have been surveyed regarding their perceptions of ethical business and marketing practices, research has been minimal with regard to their ethical beliefs and ideologies. In addition, no study has examined the ethical beliefs of Austrian consumers even though Austria maintains a unique status of political neutrality, nonalignment, stability, economic prosperity and geographical proximity to the East- and West-European countries. This research investigates the relationship between Machiavellianism, ethical (...)
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  41. Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas, Ziad Swaidan & Mine Oyman (2005). Consumer Ethics: A Cross-Cultural Study of the Ethical Beliefs of Turkish and American Consumers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 57 (2):183 - 195.score: 8.0
    The ethical climate in Turkey is beset by ethical problems. Bribery, environmental pollution, tax frauds, deceptive advertising, production of unsafe products, and the ethical violations that involved politicians and business professionals are just a few examples. The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast the ethical beliefs of American and Turkish consumers using the Ethical Position Questionnaire (EPQ) of Forsyth (1980), the Machiavellianism scale, and the Consumer Ethical Practices of Muncy and Vitell questionnaire (MVQ). A sample of 376 (...)
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  42. Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas, Gordon L. Patzer & Scott J. Vitell (1998). A Cross-Cultural Investigation of the Ethical Values of Consumers: The Potential Effect of War and Civil Disruption. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (4):435 - 448.score: 8.0
    Past research has examined the ethical judgments of consumers in the U.S., but few studies have investigated such attitudes in foreign-market settings. The current study compares ethical attitudes of consumers in two countries (Ireland and Lebanon) which share a cultural similarity of ongoing war and terrorism. The findings reveal that both cultures exhibit low sensitivity to ethical issues. Furthermore, the findings show that the Irish consumers are less sensitive to consumer ethical practices, less idealistic, more relativistic, and more Machiavellian than (...)
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  43. Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas, Scott J. Vitell & Jamal A. Al-Khatib (1994). Consumer Ethics: The Possible Effects of Terrorism and Civil Unrest on the Ethical Values of Consumers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 13 (3):223 - 231.score: 8.0
    Research investigating the consumer's ethical beliefs, ideologies and orientation has been limited. Additionally, despite the repeated call in the literature for cross cultural research, virtually no studies have examined the ethical beliefs and ideologies of consumers from cultures other than those in North America. This study partially fills this gap in the literature by investigating the ethical beliefs, preferred ethical ideology, and degree of Machiavellianism of consumers from Egypt and Lebanon. The results indicate that consumers in Lebanon, which has been (...)
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  44. Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas, Ziad Swaidan & Jamal Al-Khatib (2006). Does Religion Matter? A Comparison Study of the Ethical Beliefs of Marketing Students of Religious and Secular Universities in Japan. Journal of Business Ethics 65 (1):69 - 86.score: 8.0
    This study was designed to examine the determinants of and differences between the ethical beliefs of two groups of Japanese students in religious and secular universities. Multiple regression analysis revealed that students of the Japanese religious university perceived that young, male, relativistic, and opportunistic students tended to behave less ethically than did older, female, and idealistic students. Students of the Japanese secular university perceived that male, achievement-oriented, and opportunistic students tended to behave less ethically than did female and experience-oriented students. (...)
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  45. Scott J. Vitell, Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas & Troy A. Festervand (1991). The Business Ethics of Pharmacists: Conflicts Practices and Beliefs. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 10 (4):295 - 301.score: 8.0
    This paper represents the responses of 377 pharmacists to a mail survey examining their views concerning ethical conflicts and practices. Besides identifying the sources of ethical conflicts, pharmacists were asked how ethical standards have changed over the last 10 years as well as the factors influencing these changes. Conclusions and implications are outlined and future research needs are examined.
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  46. Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas, David Strutton & Lou Pelton (1994). Ethical Attitudes of Mental Health Practitioners: Balancing Therapeutic Practices and Treatments. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 13 (8):597 - 608.score: 8.0
    This paper reports the responses of 251 mental health care practitioners to a mail survey examining their views concerning ethical conflicts and practices within their work environments. Besides identifying the sources and types of conflicts they experience, respondents were asked how ethical standards have changed over the last 10 years as well as the factors influencing these changes. Conclusions and implications are outlined and future research needs are described.
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  47. Scott J. Vitell, Aysen Bakir, Joseph G. P. Paolillo, Encarnacion Ramos Hidalgo, Jamal Al-Khatib & Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas (2003). Ethical Judgments and Intentions: A Multinational Study of Marketing Professionals. Business Ethics 12 (2):151–171.score: 8.0
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  48. Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas, Surendra Arjoon & Yusuf Sidani (2013). An Introduction of Epistemology to Business Ethics: A Study of Marketing Middle-Managers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 117 (3):525-539.score: 8.0
    A vast majority of marketing theory and research has focused on relativism and idealism in order to understand ethical behavior. However, making ethical assessments that in turn influence behavior is much more complicated than it appears. One of the most important developments in contemporary philosophy has been the renewed interest in epistemic virtue. Epistemologists contend that belief is an ethical process that is susceptible to the intellectual virtue or vice of one’s own life and personal experiences. Open-mindedness, curiosity, careful thinking, (...)
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  49. Jamal A. Al-Khatib, Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas & Scott J. Vitell (2004). Organizational Ethics in Developing Countries: A Comparative Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 55 (4):309 - 322.score: 8.0
    Relationships with one's employees, co-workers, or superiors create ethical dilemmas. Employees' judgments and ethical perceptions have been extensively studied in Western cultures, but not in developing countries. The purpose of this investigation is to examine employees' self-reported work-related ethics and compare them to their perceptions of co-workers' and top managements' along various morally challenging situations in three developing countries' organizations. Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Oman, known as the Gulf countries, were selected as the research setting - and provided the sampling (...)
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  50. Yusuf M. Sidani, Abdul Jalil Ghanem & Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas (2014). When Idealists Evade Taxes: The Influence of Personal Moral Philosophy on Attitudes to Tax Evasion – a Lebanese Study. Business Ethics: A European Review 23 (2):183-196.score: 8.0
    This paper explores attitudes regarding tax evasion and the relationship between personal moral philosophy and such attitudes in a weak tax environment. The results confirm the multidimensionality of tax evasion attitudes. Idealism was negatively related to self-interest tax evasion attitudes while relativism was positively related to such attitudes. Idealism was also positively related to tax evasion attitudes stemming from concerns about the justice of the tax system. Idealists in a weak tax environment seemingly go through a cognitive reframing process where (...)
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