Search results for 'Zelman Cowen' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Honorable Sir Zelman Cowen (1986). A View From the Clapham Omnibus. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 14 (3-4):108-112.score: 120.0
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  2. Zelman Cowen (1985/1986). Reflections on Medicine, Biotechnology, and the Law. Distributed by the University of Nebraska Press.score: 120.0
     
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  3. Tyler Cowen (1992). Law as a Public Good: The Economics of Anarchy. Economics and Philosophy 8 (02):249-267.score: 30.0
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  4. Tyler Cowen (2006). The Epistemic Problem Does Not Refute Consequentialism. Utilitas 18 (04):383-.score: 30.0
    “Perhaps the most common objection to consequentialism is this: it is impossible to know the future…This means that you will never be absolutely certain as to what all the consequences of your act will be…there may be long term bad effects from your act, side effects that were unforeseen and indeed unforeseeable…So how can we tell which act will lead to the best results overall – counting all the results? This seems to mean that consequentialism will be unusable as a (...)
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  5. Tyler Cowen & Michelle Dawson, What Does the Turing Test Really Mean? And How Many Human Beings (Including Turing) Could Pass?score: 30.0
    The so-called Turing test, as it is usually interpreted, sets a benchmark standard for determining when we might call a machine intelligent. We can call a machine intelligent if the following is satisfied: if a group of wise observers were conversing with a machine through an exchange of typed messages, those observers could not tell whether they were talking to a human being or to a machine. To pass the test, the machine has to be intelligent but it also should (...)
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  6. Tyler Cowen & Gregory Kavka (2003). The Public Goods Rationale for Government and the Circularity Problem. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (2):265-277.score: 30.0
    George Mason University, USA It has been suggested that the production of public goods through a government involves a circularity problem. Since government itself is a public good, how can we use government to produce other public goods? Several solutions to this supposed circularity are offered. Government is a unique kind of public good with some potentially self-generating and self-supporting features. The public goods theory of government remains intact, and this enterprise helps shed some light on the special features of (...)
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  7. Tyler Cowen (1996). What Do We Learn From the Repugnant Conclusion? Ethics 106 (4):754-775.score: 30.0
    In a series of articles on population theory, culminating in his 1984 b00k Reasons and Persons, Dcrck Pariit presented dilemmas for utilitarian and conscqucntialist moral theories.] ParHt’s work has led to rcncwcd interest in thc theory of optimal population. More generally, Pariit is searching for a general theory of bcncHcencc—"Theory X"——that also will covcr population comparisons. Theory X corresponds to Kenneth Arrow’s notion of a social welfare function—both attempt t0 provide 21 generic formula or algorithm for ranking social outcomes on (...)
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  8. Tyler Cowen (2002). Does the Welfare State Help the Poor? Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (1):36-54.score: 30.0
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  9. Tyler Cowen (2011). Rule Consequentialism Makes Sense After All. Social Philosophy and Policy 28 (2):212-231.score: 30.0
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  10. Tyler Cowen (2005). Review Essay: The Economy of Esteem. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 4 (3):374-382.score: 30.0
    Geoffrey Brennan and Philip Pettit have produced a major work on the economics of esteem, entitled The Economy of Esteem . 1 They show that much of social order depends on our desire to have our fellow man think well of us. This review also considers some extensions of their basic arguments and the conditions under which those arguments hold. Key Words: economics • esteem • fame • rationality.
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  11. Tyler Cowen (2002). John E. Roemer, Equality of Opportunity:Equality of Opportunity. Ethics 112 (3):637-639.score: 30.0
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  12. Tyler Cowen (2003). Policing Nature. Environmental Ethics 25 (2):169-182.score: 30.0
    Utility, rights, and holistic standards all point toward some modest steps to limit or check the predatory activity of carnivores relative to their victims. At the very least, we should limit current subsidies to nature’s carnivores. Policing nature need not be absurdly costly or violate common-sense intuitions.
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  13. Robert H. Cowen (1970). A New Proof of the Compactness Theorem for Propositional Logic. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 11 (1):79-80.score: 30.0
  14. Tyler Cowen & Robin Hanson (forthcoming). Are Disagreements Honest. Journal of Economic Methodology.score: 30.0
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  15. Tyler Cowen (1994). Rejoinder to David Friedman on the Economics of Anarchy. Economics and Philosophy 10 (02):329-.score: 30.0
    The received wisdom once stated that anarcho-capitalism would collapse into Hobbes’s state of nature, with life nasty, short, and brutish. The problem of competing governments is the problem of externality par excellence. But David Friedman, among others, has argued persuasively that privately financed arbitration agencies can overcome the basic externalities problems behind social order.
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  16. Tyler Cowen (2007). The Importance of Defining the Feasible Set. Economics and Philosophy 23 (1):1-14.score: 30.0
    How should we define the feasible set? Even when individuals agree on facts and values, as traditionally construed, different views on feasibility may suffice to produce very different policy conclusions. Focusing on the difficulties in the feasibility concept may help us resolve some policy disagreements, or at least identify the sources of those disagreements. Feasibility is most plausibly a matter of degree rather than of kind. Normative economic reasoning therefore faces a fuzzy social budget constraint. Iterative reasoning about feasibility and (...)
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  17. Tyler Cowen (2002). Invariances: The Structure of the Objective World. Robert Nozick, the Belknap Press, 2001, 416 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 18 (2):351-385.score: 30.0
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  18. Sylvia Terbeck, Guy Kahane, Sarah McTavish, Julian Savulescu, Neil Levy, Miles Hewstone & Philip Cowen (2013). Beta Adrenergic Blockade Reduces Utilitarian Judgement. Biological Psychology 92 (2):323-328.score: 30.0
    Noradrenergic pathways are involved in mediating the central and peripheral effects of physiological arousal. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of noradrenergic transmission in moral decision-making. We studied the effects in healthy volunteers of propranolol (a noradrenergic beta-adrenoceptor antagonist) on moral judgement in a set of moral dilemmas pitting utilitarian outcomes (e.g., saving five lives) against highly aversive harmful actions (e.g., killing an innocent person) in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group design. Propranolol (40 mg orally) (...)
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  19. Tyler Cowen (1991). Self-Constraint Versus Self-Liberation. Ethics 101 (2):360-373.score: 30.0
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  20. Tyler Cowen (1989). Why Keynesianism Triumphed or, Could so Many Keynesians Have Been Wrong? Critical Review 3 (3-4):518-530.score: 30.0
    Defenders of laissez?faire have not successfully explained the historical experience of the Great Depression. Unemployment was widespread and persistent and cannot be ascribed to government intervention. Legal restrictions offer at best a partial explanation of why real wages did not fall. The Keynesian world view is also supported by experience with investment and equity market volatility, the conversion of Lionel Robbins, the wartime recovery, and the success of postwar macroeconomic performance. Some concluding remarks address how the case for laissez?faire might (...)
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  21. Tyler Cowen (1992). Weighing Goods: Equality, Uncertainty, and Time, John Broome. Oxford: Basil Blackwell Press, 1991, 255 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 8 (02):283-285.score: 30.0
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  22. Tyler Cowen, How Do We Define the Feasible Set?score: 30.0
    How should we define the “feasible set”? What does it mean to assert that a policy is the “best feasible option”? Feasibility is most plausibly a matter of degree rather than of kind. We therefore must think about how to do normative economics with a fuzzy social budget constraint. I consider a number of ways of proceeding, including a twodimensional social welfare function, weighting both desirability and feasibility. Focusing on the difficulties in the feasibility concept may help us resolve some (...)
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  23. Tyler Cowen (1997). Discounting and Restitution. Philosophy and Public Affairs 26 (2):168–185.score: 30.0
  24. Tyler Cowen, Oapan Fiesta Mole, From Mexico.score: 30.0
    this with seared tuna best). Cook over high heat in wok until 2/3 to 3/4 cooked but not done. Set aside.
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  25. Tyler Cowen, Resolving the Repugnant Conclusion.score: 30.0
    The Repugnant Conclusion is closer to infinity-based arguments, such as Pascal’s Wager, than it at first appears. Both rely on an unbounded set of payoff comparisons. It is possible to restructure Pascal’s Wager to resemble the Repugnant Conclusion more closely, as the use of infinity is not central to the former. I then consider settings in which the set of comparisons is bounded, so as to differentiate Parfit’s problem from the more general issues involved with very large numbers. We then (...)
     
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  26. Robert Cowen (2009). 2-Cnfs and Logical Embeddings. Studia Logica 93 (1):15 - 19.score: 30.0
    The expressive power of 2-cnfs, conjunctive normal forms with two literals per clause, is shown to be severely limited compared to 3-cnfs.
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  27. Tyler Cowen, “Is Globalization Changing the Way the World Eats?”.score: 30.0
    Thank you all, and good morning. Let’s start with slide one. That’s me, the obsessive, and obsessive is the key word here. I’m food obsessive. I have several obsessions actually, but today we talk about food. When I get home, my wife will ask me, “how did it go?”, and my answer will be, “the breakfast was excellent!” So I travel a great deal, I cook a great deal, and I write an on-line dining guide. I’m one of those people (...)
     
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  28. Tyler Cowen (2004). Policy Implications of Zero Discounting: An Exploration in Politics and Morality. Social Philosophy and Policy 21 (1):121-140.score: 30.0
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  29. Tyler Cowen (2002). Prelude to Political Economy, Kaushik Basu. Cambridge University Press, 2000, XV + 288 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 18 (1):183-204.score: 30.0
  30. Tyler Cowen, S Thoughts on Music Web Page.score: 30.0
    In classical music, the immediate canon is Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, and Mozart. With Bach and Beethoven it is hard to go wrong. But my short list there would be Bach's B Minor Mass and St. Matthew's Passion, The Art of the Fugue, Well-Tempered Klavier, some of the organ music, the Brandenburgs, the Partitas, the Goldberg Variations, and the solo violin works.
     
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  31. Tyler Cowen & Jack High (1988). Time, Bounded Utility, and the St. Petersburg Paradox. Theory and Decision 25 (3):219-223.score: 30.0
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  32. Tyler Cowen, What is the Correct Intergenerational Discount Rate?score: 30.0
    The social discount rate typically consists of two components: differences in the marginal utility of consumption across time, and the pure time preference rate as applied to cardinal utility. Within this framework, intragenerational and intergenerational time preference rates must be the same, if we are to avoid strongly counterintuitive results. Both rates, however, can be plausibly equal at zero rather than at a positive level; pure time preference should not necessarily be applied to cardinal utility, even when we apply it (...)
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  33. Tyler Cowen, *What Price Fame?score: 30.0
    "Every man, however hopeless his pretensions may appear, has some project by which he hopes to rise to reputation; some art by which he imagines that the attention of the world will be attracted; some quality, good or bad, which discriminates him from the common herd of mortals, and by which others may be persuaded to love, or compelled to fear him." - Samuel Johnson.
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  34. Robert H. Cowen (1977). Generalizing König's Infinity Lemma. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 18 (2):243-247.score: 30.0
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  35. Robert Cowen & William Emerson (1996). A Compactness Theorem for Linear Equations. Studia Logica 57 (2-3):355 - 357.score: 30.0
    It is proved that a system of linear equations over an arbitrary field has a solution if every finite subsystem has a solution provided that the set of variables can be well ordered.
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  36. Tyler Cowen, Creative Destruction.score: 30.0
    On one thing the whole world seems to agree: Globalization is homogenizing cultures. At least, a lot of countries are acting as if that’s the case. In the name of containing what the Canadian novelist Margaret Atwood calls “the Great Star-Spangled Them,” the Canadian government subsidizes the nation’s film industry and requires radio stations to devote a percentage of their airtime to home-grown music, carving out extra airplay for stars such as Celine Dion and Barenaked Ladies. Ottawa also discouraged Borders, (...)
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  37. Tyler Cowen, S Ethnic Dining Guide – February 2008, 24th Edition.score: 30.0
    It is a fun romp through many topics, including food. The book has a whole chapter on how to find a good restaurant, what to order, where in a city you can find the best food, and many related questions. I like to think that if you find the dining guide useful you will enjoy this book as well.
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  38. Tyler Cowen, The Camilo Ayala Brothers: Lost Treasures of the Art World.score: 30.0
    The paintings of the three brothers -- Marcial Camilo, Juan Camilo, and Felix Camilo Ayala -- stand among the high points of modern Mexican folk art, and represent the most ambitious creations to have come from the province of Guerrero . The joyous traditions of Guerrero rival the better-known outputs of Oaxaca or Michoacan in quality but they have not received comparable attention from collectors or museums.
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  39. Harry Cowen (1994). The Human Nature Debate: Social Theory, Social Policy, and the Caring Professions. Pluto Press.score: 30.0
     
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  40. Tyler Cowen (1993). The Scope and Limits of Preference Sovereignty. Economics and Philosophy 9 (02):253-.score: 30.0
  41. Robert H. Cowen (1971). Superinductive Classes in Class-Set Theory. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 12 (1):62-68.score: 30.0
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  42. Howard S. Axelrod, Emory L. Cowen & Fred Heilizer (1956). The Correlates of Manifest Anxiety in Stylus Maze Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (2):131.score: 30.0
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  43. Tyler Cowen (1993). Altruism and the Argument From Offsetting Transfers. Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (1):225-245.score: 30.0
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  44. Robert Cowen (1997). Autonomy, Citizenship, Themarketand Education. In David Bridges (ed.), Education, Autonomy, and Democratic Citizenship: Philosophy in a Changing World. Routledge. 2--61.score: 30.0
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  45. Tyler Cowen, A Road Map to Middle Eastern Peace? - A Public Choice Perspective.score: 30.0
    1 Since commentary on the M ideas t is s o fraugh t with controversy, let me state s ome of my s tarting p oints up front. I am a strong believer in a market economy, and in W estern civilization. My foreign p olicy instincts tend to be dovish, in recognition of the imperfections in governments, but I am not, like some libertarians , in principle oppo sed to A merican intervention abroad. I am not religious , and (...)
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  46. Tyler Cowen (1991). Can Keynesianism Explain the 1930s? Rejoinder to Smiley. Critical Review 5 (1):115-120.score: 30.0
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  47. R. H. Cowen (1976). Elementary Equivalence and Constructible Models of Zermelo‐Fraenkel Set Theory. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 22 (1):333-338.score: 30.0
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  48. D. V. Cowen (1964). Human Rights in Contemporary Africa. American Journal of Jurisprudence 9 (1):1-24.score: 30.0
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  49. T. Cowen (1994). Law as a Private Good-Rejoinder. Economics and Philosophy 10 (2):329-332.score: 30.0
     
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  50. Deborah Cowen (2007). National Soldiers and the War on Cities. Theory and Event 10 (2).score: 30.0
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