Search results for 'Zeno machine' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Farewell to the Twentieth Century: Nussbaum Glossary of Philosophical Terms Selected Bibliography Index (2009). Machine Generated Contents Note: Introduction1. The Pre-Socratic Philosophers: Sixth and Fifth Centuries B.C.E. Thales / Anaximander / Anaximenes / Pythagoras / Xenophanes / Heraclitus / Parmenides / Zeno / Empedocles / Anaxagoras / Leucippus and Democritus 2. The Athenian Period: Fifth and Fourth Centuries B.C.E. The Sophists: Protagoras, Gorgias, Thrasymachus, Callicles and Critias / Socrates / Plato / Aristotle 3. The Hellenistic and Roman Periods: Fourth Century B.C.E Through Fourth Century C.E. Epicureanism / Stoicism / Skepticism / neoPlatonism 4. Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy: Fifth Through Fifteenth Centuries Saint Augustine / the Encyclopediasts / John Scotus Eriugena / Saint Anselm / Muslim and Jewish Philosophies: Averroës, Maimonides / the Problem of Faith and Reason / the Problem of the Universals / Saint Thomas Aquinas / William of Ockham / Renaissance Philosophers 5. Continental Rationalism and British Empiricism: The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Descartes. [REVIEW] In Donald Palmer (ed.), Looking at Philosophy: The Unbearable Heaviness of Philosophy Made Lighter. Mcgraw-Hill
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Farewell to the Twentieth Century: Nussbaum Glossary of Philosophical Terms Selected Bibliography Index (2009). Machine Generated Contents Note: Introduction1. The Pre-Socratic Philosophers: Sixth and Fifth Centuries B.C.E. Thales / Anaximander / Anaximenes / Pythagoras / Xenophanes / Heraclitus / Parmenides / Zeno / Empedocles / Anaxagoras / Leucippus and Democritus 2. The Athenian Period: Fifth and Fourth Centuries B.C.E. The Sophists: Protagoras, Gorgias, Thrasymachus, Callicles and Critias / Socrates / Plato / Aristotle 3. The Hellenistic and Roman Periods: Fourth Century B.C.E Through Fourth Century C.E. Epicureanism / Stoicism / Skepticism / neoPlatonism 4. Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy: Fifth Through Fifteenth Centuries Saint Augustine / the Encyclopediasts / John Scotus Eriugena / Saint Anselm / Muslim and Jewish Philosophies: Averroës, Maimonides / the Problem of Faith and Reason / the Problem of the Universals / Saint Thomas Aquinas / William of Ockham / Renaissance Philosophers 5. Continental Rationalism and British Empiricism: The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Descartes. [REVIEW] In Donald Palmer (ed.), Looking at Philosophy: The Unbearable Heaviness of Philosophy Made Lighter. Mcgraw-Hill
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. Farewell to the Twentieth Century: Nussbaum Glossary of Philosophical Terms Selected Bibliography Index (2009). Machine Generated Contents Note: Introduction1. The Pre-Socratic Philosophers: Sixth and Fifth Centuries B.C.E. Thales / Anaximander / Anaximenes / Pythagoras / Xenophanes / Heraclitus / Parmenides / Zeno / Empedocles / Anaxagoras / Leucippus and Democritus 2. The Athenian Period: Fifth and Fourth Centuries B.C.E. The Sophists: Protagoras, Gorgias, Thrasymachus, Callicles and Critias / Socrates / Plato / Aristotle 3. The Hellenistic and Roman Periods: Fourth Century B.C.E Through Fourth Century C.E. Epicureanism / Stoicism / Skepticism / neoPlatonism 4. Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy: Fifth Through Fifteenth Centuries Saint Augustine / the Encyclopediasts / John Scotus Eriugena / Saint Anselm / Muslim and Jewish Philosophies: Averroës, Maimonides / the Problem of Faith and Reason / the Problem of the Universals / Saint Thomas Aquinas / William of Ockham / Renaissance Philosophers 5. Continental Rationalism and British Empiricism: The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Descartes. [REVIEW] In Donald Palmer (ed.), Looking at Philosophy: The Unbearable Heaviness of Philosophy Made Lighter. Mcgraw-Hill
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Farewell to the Twentieth Century: Nussbaum Glossary of Philosophical Terms Selected Bibliography Index (2009). Machine Generated Contents Note: Introduction1. The Pre-Socratic Philosophers: Sixth and Fifth Centuries B.C.E. Thales / Anaximander / Anaximenes / Pythagoras / Xenophanes / Heraclitus / Parmenides / Zeno / Empedocles / Anaxagoras / Leucippus and Democritus 2. The Athenian Period: Fifth and Fourth Centuries B.C.E. The Sophists: Protagoras, Gorgias, Thrasymachus, Callicles and Critias / Socrates / Plato / Aristotle 3. The Hellenistic and Roman Periods: Fourth Century B.C.E Through Fourth Century C.E. Epicureanism / Stoicism / Skepticism / neoPlatonism 4. Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy: Fifth Through Fifteenth Centuries Saint Augustine / the Encyclopediasts / John Scotus Eriugena / Saint Anselm / Muslim and Jewish Philosophies: Averroës, Maimonides / the Problem of Faith and Reason / the Problem of the Universals / Saint Thomas Aquinas / William of Ockham / Renaissance Philosophers 5. Continental Rationalism and British Empiricism: The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Descartes. [REVIEW] In Donald Palmer (ed.), Looking at Philosophy: The Unbearable Heaviness of Philosophy Made Lighter. Mcgraw-Hill
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. Vincent C. Müller (2011). On the Possibilities of Hypercomputing Supertasks. Minds and Machines 21 (1):83-96.
    This paper investigates the view that digital hypercomputing is a good reason for rejection or re-interpretation of the Church-Turing thesis. After suggestion that such re-interpretation is historically problematic and often involves attack on a straw man (the ‘maximality thesis’), it discusses proposals for digital hypercomputing with Zeno-machines , i.e. computing machines that compute an infinite number of computing steps in finite time, thus performing supertasks. It argues that effective computing with Zeno-machines falls into a dilemma: either they are (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Susan A. J. Stuart (2011). Enkinaesthesia: The Fundamental Challenge for Machine Consciousness. International Journal of Machine Consciousness 3 (01):145-162.
    In this short paper I will introduce an idea which, I will argue, presents a fundamental additional challenge to the machine consciousness community. The idea takes the questions surrounding phenomenology, qualia and phenomenality one step further into the realm of intersubjectivity but with a twist, and the twist is this: that an agent’s intersubjective experience is deeply felt and necessarily co-affective; it is enkinaesthetic, and only through enkinaesthetic awareness can we establish the affective enfolding which enables first the perturbation, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. Ben Bramble (2016). The Experience Machine. Philosophy Compass 11 (3):136-145.
    In this paper, I reconstruct Robert Nozick's experience machine objection to hedonism about well-being. I then explain and briefly discuss the most important recent criticisms that have been made of it. Finally, I question the conventional wisdom that the experience machine, while it neatly disposes of hedonism, poses no problem for desire-based theories of well-being.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  27
    Eden Lin (forthcoming). How to Use the Experience Machine. Utilitas:1-19.
    The experience machine was traditionally thought to refute hedonism about welfare. In recent years, however, the tide has turned: many philosophers have argued not merely that the experience machine doesn't rule out hedonism, but that it doesn't count against it at all. I argue for a moderate position between those two extremes: although the experience machine doesn't decisively rule out hedonism, it provides us with some reason to reject it. I also argue for a particular way of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  9.  49
    Rafael Ferber, Zeno's Metrical Paradox of Extension and Descartes' Mind-Body Problem.
    The article uses Zeno’s metrical paradox of extension, or Zeno’s fundamental paradox, as a thought-model for the mind-body problem. With the help of this model, the distinction contained between mental and physical phenomena can be formulated as sharply as possible. I formulate Zeno’s fundamental paradox and give a sketch of four different solutions to it. Then I construct a mind-body paradox corresponding to the fundamental paradox. Through that, it becomes possible to copy the solutions to the fundamental (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  18
    Robert James M. Boyles (2012). Artificial Qualia, Intentional Systems and Machine Consciousness. In Proceedings of the Research@DLSU Congress 2012: Science and Technology Conference. 110a–110c.
    In the field of machine consciousness, it has been argued that in order to build human-like conscious machines, we must first have a computational model of qualia. To this end, some have proposed a framework that supports qualia in machines by implementing a model with three computational areas (i.e., the subconceptual, conceptual, and linguistic areas). These abstract mechanisms purportedly enable the assessment of artificial qualia. However, several critics of the machine consciousness project dispute this possibility. For instance, Searle, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  25
    Harald Atmanspacher & Thomas Filk (2013). The Necker–Zeno Model for Bistable Perception. Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (4):800-817.
    A novel conceptual framework for theoretical psychology is presented and illustrated for the example of bistable perception. A basic formal feature of this framework is the non-commutativity of operations acting on mental states. A corresponding model for the bistable perception of ambiguous stimuli, the Necker–Zeno model, is sketched and some empirical evidence for it so far is described. It is discussed how a temporal non-locality of mental states, predicted by the model, can be understood and tested.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  12.  58
    Todd S. Mei (forthcoming). Heidegger in the Machine: The Difference Between Techne and Mechane. Continental Philosophy Review:1-26.
    Machines are often employed in Heidegger’s philosophy as instances to illustrate specific features of modern technology. But what is it about machines that allows them to fulfill this role? This essay argues there is a unique ontological force to the machine that can be understood when looking at distinctions between techne and mechane in ancient Greek sources and applying these distinctions to a reading of Heidegger’s early thought on equipment and later thought on poiesis. Especially with respect to Heidegger’s (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  67
    Gary Hatfield (2007). The Passions of the Soul and Descartes's Machine Psychology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (1):1-35.
    Descartes developed an elaborate theory of animal physiology that he used to explain functionally organized, situationally adapted behavior in both human and nonhuman animals. Although he restricted true mentality to the human soul, I argue that he developed a purely mechanistic (or material) ‘psychology’ of sensory, motor, and low-level cognitive functions. In effect, he sought to mechanize the offices of the Aristotelian sensitive soul. He described the basic mechanisms in the Treatise on man, which he summarized in the Discourse. However, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   13 citations  
  14. Jason Kawall (1999). The Experience Machine and Mental State Theories of Well-Being. Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (3):381-387.
    It is argued that Nozick's experience machine thought experiment does not pose a particular difficulty for mental state theories of well-being. While the example shows that we value many things beyond our mental states, this simply reflects the fact that we value more than our own well-being. Nor is a mental state theorist forced to make the dubious claim that we maintain these other values simply as a means to desirable mental states. Valuing more than our mental states is (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  15. Ave Mets (2013). Measurement Theory, Nomological Machine And Measurement Uncertainties (In Classical Physics). Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):167-186.
    Measurement is said to be the basis of exact sciences as the process of assigning numbers to matter (things or their attributes), thus making it possible to apply the mathematically formulated laws of nature to the empirical world. Mathematics and empiria are best accorded to each other in laboratory experiments which function as what Nancy Cartwright calls nomological machine: an arrangement generating (mathematical) regularities. On the basis of accounts of measurement errors and uncertainties, I will argue for two claims: (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  16.  51
    Karim Jebari (2013). Brain Machine Interface and Human Enhancement – An Ethical Review. Neuroethics 6 (3):617-625.
    Brain machine interface (BMI) technology makes direct communication between the brain and a machine possible by means of electrodes. This paper reviews the existing and emerging technologies in this field and offers a systematic inquiry into the relevant ethical problems that are likely to emerge in the following decades.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  17.  89
    Ryan Tonkens (2009). A Challenge for Machine Ethics. Minds and Machines 19 (3):421-438.
    That the successful development of fully autonomous artificial moral agents (AMAs) is imminent is becoming the received view within artificial intelligence research and robotics. The discipline of Machines Ethics, whose mandate is to create such ethical robots, is consequently gaining momentum. Although it is often asked whether a given moral framework can be implemented into machines, it is never asked whether it should be. This paper articulates a pressing challenge for Machine Ethics: To identify an ethical framework that is (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  18. Aaron Sloman, Virtual Machine Functionalism: The Only Form of Functionalism Worth Taking Seriously in Philosophy of Mind.
    Most philosophers appear to have ignored the distinction between the broad concept of Virtual Machine Functionalism (VMF) described in Sloman&Chrisley (2003) and the better known version of functionalism referred to there as Atomic State Functionalism (ASF), which is often given as an explanation of what Functionalism is, e.g. in Block (1995). -/- One of the main differences is that ASF encourages talk of supervenience of states and properties, whereas VMF requires supervenience of machines that are arbitrarily complex networks of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. Sharon Hewitt (2010). What Do Our Intuitions About the Experience Machine Really Tell Us About Hedonism? Philosophical Studies 151 (3):331 - 349.
    Robert Nozick's experience machine thought experiment is often considered a decisive refutation of hedonism. I argue that the conclusions we draw from Nozick's thought experiment ought to be informed by considerations concerning the operation of our intuitions about value. First, I argue that, in order to show that practical hedonistic reasons are not causing our negative reaction to the experience machine, we must not merely stipulate their irrelevance (since our intuitions are not always responsive to stipulation) but fill (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  62
    David Leech Anderson (2012). Machine Intentionality, the Moral Status of Machines, and the Composition Problem. In Vincent C. Müller (ed.), The Philosophy & Theory of Artificial Intelligence. Springer 312-333.
    According to the most popular theories of intentionality, a family of theories we will refer to as “functional intentionality,” a machine can have genuine intentional states so long as it has functionally characterizable mental states that are causally hooked up to the world in the right way. This paper considers a detailed description of a robot that seems to meet the conditions of functional intentionality, but which falls victim to what I call “the composition problem.” One obvious way to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  17
    Vincent C. Müller (2002). Communicating the Same Information to a Human and to a Machine: Is There a Difference in Principle? In Konstantinos Boudouris & Takis Poulakos (eds.), Philosophy of communication: Proceedings of the 13th international conference on Greek philosophy (IAGP 13). Ionia 168-176.
    We try to show that there is no difference in principle between communicating a piece of information to a human and to a machine. The argumentation depends on the following theses: Communicating is transfer of information; information has propositional form; propositional form can be modelled as categorization; categorisation can be modelled in a machine; a suitably equipped machine can grasp propositional content designed for human communication. What I suggest is that the discussion should focus on the truth (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  19
    Karim Jebari & Sven-Ove Hansson (2013). European Public Deliberation on Brain Machine Interface Technology: Five Convergence Seminars. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1071-1086.
    We present a novel procedure to engage the public in ethical deliberations on the potential impacts of brain machine interface technology. We call this procedure a convergence seminar, a form of scenario-based group discussion that is founded on the idea of hypothetical retrospection. The theoretical background of this procedure and the results of five seminars are presented.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  23.  66
    Maartje Schermer (2009). The Mind and the Machine. On the Conceptual and Moral Implications of Brain-Machine Interaction. NanoEthics 3 (3):217-230.
    Brain-machine interfaces are a growing field of research and application. The increasing possibilities to connect the human brain to electronic devices and computer software can be put to use in medicine, the military, and entertainment. Concrete technologies include cochlear implants, Deep Brain Stimulation, neurofeedback and neuroprosthesis. The expectations for the near and further future are high, though it is difficult to separate hope from hype. The focus in this paper is on the effects that these new technologies may have (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  24.  80
    Ken Binmore & Alex Voorhoeve (2003). Defending Transitivity Against Zeno’s Paradox. Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (3):272–279.
    This article criticises one of Stuart Rachels' and Larry Temkin's arguments against the transitivity of 'better than'. This argument invokes our intuitions about our preferences of different bundles of pleasurable or painful experiences of varying intensity and duration, which, it is argued, will typically be intransitive. This article defends the transitivity of 'better than' by showing that Rachels and Temkin are mistaken to suppose that preferences satisfying their assumptions must be intransitive. It makes cler where the argument goes wrong by (...)
    Direct download (14 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  25. Paul Richard Blum, Michael Polanyi: Can the Mind Be Represented by a Machine? Existence and Anthropology.
    On the 27th of October, 1949, the Department of Philosophy at the University of Manchester organized a symposium "Mind and Machine", as Michael Polanyi noted in his Personal Knowledge (1974, p. 261). This event is known, especially among scholars of Alan Turing, but it is scarcely documented. Wolfe Mays (2000) reported about the debate, which he personally had attended, and paraphrased a mimeographed document that is preserved at the Manchester University archive. He forwarded a copy to Andrew Hodges and (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  74
    S. G. Sterrett, Turing on the Integration of Human and Machine Intelligence.
    Abstract Philosophical discussion of Alan Turing’s writings on intelligence has mostly revolved around a single point made in a paper published in the journal Mind in 1950. This is unfortunate, for Turing’s reflections on machine (artificial) intelligence, human intelligence, and the relation between them were more extensive and sophisticated. They are seen to be extremely well-considered and sound in retrospect. Recently, IBM developed a question-answering computer (Watson) that could compete against humans on the game show Jeopardy! There are hopes (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  88
    Jack Copeland (1999). Beyond the Universal Turing Machine. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 77 (1):46-67.
    We describe an emerging field, that of nonclassical computability and nonclassical computing machinery. According to the nonclassicist, the set of well-defined computations is not exhausted by the computations that can be carried out by a Turing machine. We provide an overview of the field and a philosophical defence of its foundations.
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  28.  18
    Barbara Sattler (2015). Time is Double the Trouble: Zeno’s Moving Rows. Ancient Philosophy 35 (1):1-22.
    Zeno’s Moving Rows paradox is the only paradox among his four paradoxes of motion that is usually skipped over as being of no philosophical interest. This paper aims to give a new diagnosis of the Moving Rows paradox, a diagnosis that allows us to see it as raising a philosophically interesting problem concerning the relationship of time, space, and motion. It shows the consequences of confusing time’s dependence on the space covered in a motion with time’s dependence on the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29.  22
    Arnon Levy (2014). Machine-Likeness and Explanation by Decomposition. Philosophers' Imprint 14 (6).
    Analogies to machines are commonplace in the life sciences, especially in cellular and molecular biology — they shape conceptions of phenomena and expectations about how they are to be explained. This paper offers a framework for thinking about such analogies. The guiding idea is that machine-like systems are especially amenable to decompositional explanation, i.e., to analyses that tease apart underlying components and attend to their structural features and interrelations. I argue that for decomposition to succeed a system must exhibit (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  30.  13
    Maarten Boudry & Massimo Pigliucci (2013). The Mismeasure of Machine: Synthetic Biology and the Trouble with Engineering Metaphors. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):660-668.
    The scientific study of living organisms is permeated by machine and design metaphors. Genes are thought of as the ‘‘blueprint’’ of an organism, organisms are ‘‘reverse engineered’’ to discover their functionality, and living cells are compared to biochemical factories, complete with assembly lines, transport systems, messenger circuits, etc. Although the notion of design is indispensable to think about adaptations, and engineering analogies have considerable heuristic value (e.g., optimality assumptions), we argue they are limited in several important respects. In particular, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  69
    Michael Anderson & Susan Leigh Anderson (2007). The Status of Machine Ethics: A Report From the AAAI Symposium. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 17 (1):1-10.
    This paper is a summary and evaluation of work presented at the AAAI 2005 Fall Symposium on Machine Ethics that brought together participants from the fields of Computer Science and Philosophy to the end of clarifying the nature of this newly emerging field and discussing different approaches one could take towards realizing the ultimate goal of creating an ethical machine.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  32.  10
    Guglielmo Tamburrini & Edoardo Datteri (2005). Machine Experiments and Theoretical Modelling: From Cybernetic Methodology to Neuro-Robotics. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 15 (3-4):335-358.
    Cybernetics promoted machine-supported investigations of adaptive sensorimotor behaviours observed in biological systems. This methodological approach receives renewed attention in contemporary robotics, cognitive ethology, and the cognitive neurosciences. Its distinctive features concern machine experiments, and their role in testing behavioural models and explanations flowing from them. Cybernetic explanations of behavioural events, regularities, and capacities rely on multiply realizable mechanism schemata, and strike a sensible balance between causal and unifying constraints. The multiple realizability of cybernetic mechanism schemata paves the way (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  33.  33
    H. E. Baber (2008). The Experience Machine Deconstructed. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 15 (1):133-138.
    Nozick’s Experience Machine thought experiment is generally taken to make a compelling, if not conclusive, case against philosophical hedonism. I argue that it does not and, indeed, that regardless of the results, it cannot provide any reason to accept or reject either hedonism or any other philosophical account of wellbeing since it presupposes preferentism, the desire-satisfaction account ofwellbeing. Preferentists cannot take any comfort from the results of such thought experiments because they assume preferentism and therefore cannot establish it. Neither (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  34.  97
    Ofra Magidor (2008). Another Note on Zeno's Arrow. Phronesis 53 (s 4-5):359-372.
    In Physics VI.9 Aristotle addresses Zeno's four paradoxes of motion and amongst them the arrow paradox. In his brief remarks on the paradox, Aristotle suggests what he takes to be a solution to the paradox.In two famous papers, both called 'A note on Zeno's arrow', Gregory Vlastos and Jonathan Lear each suggest an interpretation of Aristotle's proposed solution to the arrow paradox. In this paper, I argue that these two interpretations are unsatisfactory, and suggest an alternative interpretation. In (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  35.  4
    Eli Dresner & Ofra Rechter (forthcoming). From Symbol to ‘Symbol’, to Abstract Symbol: Response to Copeland and Shagrir on Turing-Machine Realism Versus Turing-Machine Purism. Minds and Machines:1-5.
    In their recent paper “Do Accelerating Turing Machines Compute the Uncomputable?” Copeland and Shagrir draw a distinction between a purist conception of Turing machines, according to which these machines are purely abstract, and Turing machine realism according to which Turing machines are spatio-temporal and causal “notional" machines. In the present response to that paper we concede the realistic aspects of Turing’s own presentation of his machines, pointed out by Copeland and Shagrir, but argue that Turing's treatment of symbols in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  19
    Patrick Reeder (2015). Zeno’s Arrow and the Infinitesimal Calculus. Synthese 192 (5):1315-1335.
    I offer a novel solution to Zeno’s paradox of The Arrow by introducing nilpotent infinitesimal lengths of time. Nilpotents are nonzero numbers that yield zero when multiplied by themselves a certain number of times. Zeno’s Arrow goes like this: during the present, a flying arrow is moving in virtue of its being in flight. However, if the present is a single point in time, then the arrow is frozen in place during that time. Therefore, the arrow is both (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  56
    Basil Smith (2012). Affect, Rationality, and the Experience Machine. Ethical Perspectives 19 (2):268-276.
    Can we test philosophical thought experiments, such as whether people would enter an experience machine or would leave one once they are inside? Dan Weijers argues that since 'rational' subjects (e.g. students taking surveys in college classes) are believable, we can do so. By contrast, I argue that because such subjects will probably have the wrong affect (i.e. emotional states) when they are tested, such tests are almost worthless. Moreover, understood as a general policy, such pretend testing would ruin (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  28
    Susan G. Sterrett (2012). Bringing Up Turing's 'Child-Machine'. In S. Barry Cooper (ed.), How the World Computes. 703--713.
    Turing wrote that the “guiding principle” of his investigation into the possibility of intelligent machinery was “The analogy [of machinery that might be made to show intelligent behavior] with the human brain.” [10] In his discussion of the investigations that Turing said were guided by this analogy, however, he employs a more far-reaching analogy: he eventually expands the analogy from the human brain out to “the human community as a whole.” Along the way, he takes note of an obvious fact (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  57
    Andrew A. Fingelkurts, Alexander A. Fingelkurts & Carlos F. H. Neves (2012). Machine” Consciousness and “Artificial” Thought: An Operational Architectonics Model Guided Approach. Brain Research 1428:80-92.
    Instead of using low-level neurophysiology mimicking and exploratory programming methods commonly used in the machine consciousness field, the hierarchical Operational Architectonics (OA) framework of brain and mind functioning proposes an alternative conceptual-theoretical framework as a new direction in the area of model-driven machine (robot) consciousness engineering. The unified brain-mind theoretical OA model explicitly captures (though in an informal way) the basic essence of brain functional architecture, which indeed constitutes a theory of consciousness. The OA describes the neurophysiological basis (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  45
    Martin Možina, Jure Žabkar, Trevor Bench-Capon & Ivan Bratko (2005). Argument Based Machine Learning Applied to Law. Artificial Intelligence and Law 13 (1):53-73.
    In this paper we discuss the application of a new machine learning approach – Argument Based Machine Learning – to the legal domain. An experiment using a dataset which has also been used in previous experiments with other learning techniques is described, and comparison with previous experiments made. We also tested this method for its robustness to noise in learning data. Argumentation based machine learning is particularly suited to the legal domain as it makes use of the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  41.  67
    Taner Edis (1998). How Godel's Theorem Supports the Possibility of Machine Intelligence. Minds and Machines 8 (2):251-262.
    Gödel's Theorem is often used in arguments against machine intelligence, suggesting humans are not bound by the rules of any formal system. However, Gödelian arguments can be used to support AI, provided we extend our notion of computation to include devices incorporating random number generators. A complete description scheme can be given for integer functions, by which nonalgorithmic functions are shown to be partly random. Not being restricted to algorithms can be accounted for by the availability of an arbitrary (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  42.  53
    Kevin B. Korb (2004). Introduction: Machine Learning as Philosophy of Science. Minds and Machines 14 (4):433-440.
    I consider three aspects in which machine learning and philosophy of science can illuminate each other: methodology, inductive simplicity and theoretical terms. I examine the relations between the two subjects and conclude by claiming these relations to be very close.
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  43.  37
    José Hernández-Orallo & David L. Dowe (2013). On Potential Cognitive Abilities in the Machine Kingdom. Minds and Machines 23 (2):179-210.
    Animals, including humans, are usually judged on what they could become, rather than what they are. Many physical and cognitive abilities in the ‘animal kingdom’ are only acquired (to a given degree) when the subject reaches a certain stage of development, which can be accelerated or spoilt depending on how the environment, training or education is. The term ‘potential ability’ usually refers to how quick and likely the process of attaining the ability is. In principle, things should not be different (...)
    Direct download (14 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  37
    Paul Bello & Selmer Bringsjord (2013). On How to Build a Moral Machine. Topoi 32 (2):251-266.
    Herein we make a plea to machine ethicists for the inclusion of constraints on their theories consistent with empirical data on human moral cognition. As philosophers, we clearly lack widely accepted solutions to issues regarding the existence of free will, the nature of persons and firm conditions on moral agency/patienthood; all of which are indispensable concepts to be deployed by any machine able to make moral judgments. No agreement seems forthcoming on these matters, and we don’t hold out (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  21
    Herman T. Tavani (2015). Levels of Trust in the Context of Machine Ethics. Philosophy and Technology 28 (1):75-90.
    Are trust relationships involving humans and artificial agents possible? This controversial question has become a hotly debated topic in the emerging field of machine ethics. Employing a model of trust advanced by Buechner and Tavani :39–51, 2011), I argue that the “short answer” to this question is yes. However, I also argue that a more complete and nuanced answer will require us to articulate the various levels of trust that are also possible in environments comprising both human agents and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  6
    Huma Shah & Kevin Warwick (2010). From the Buzzing in Turing’s Head to Machine Intelligence Contests. In TCIT 2010 / AISB 2010 Convention.
    This paper presents an analysis of three major contests for machine intelligence. We conclude that a new era for Turing’s test requires a fillip in the guise of a committed sponsor, not unlike DARPA, funders of the successful 2007 Urban Challenge.
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  47.  5
    Caroline Privault, Jacki O'Neill, Victor Ciriza & Jean-Michel Renders (2010). A New Tangible User Interface for Machine Learning Document Review. Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (4):459-479.
    This paper describes a tool for assisting lawyers and paralegal teams during document review in eDiscovery. The tool combines a machine learning technology (CategoriX) and advanced multi-touch interface capable of not only addressing the usual cost, time and accuracy issues in document review, but also of facilitating the work of the review teams by capitalizing on the intelligence of the reviewers and enabling collaborative work.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  48.  55
    Jeanne Peijnenburg & David Atkinson (2010). Lamps, Cubes, Balls and Walls: Zeno Problems and Solutions. Philosophical Studies 150 (1):49 - 59.
    Various arguments have been put forward to show that Zeno-like paradoxes are still with us. A particularly interesting one involves a cube composed of colored slabs that geometrically decrease in thickness. We first point out that this argument has already been nullified by Paul Benacerraf. Then we show that nevertheless a further problem remains, one that withstands Benacerraf s critique. We explain that the new problem is isomorphic to two other Zeno-like predicaments: a problem described by Alper and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49.  30
    Darren Whobrey (2001). Machine Mentality and the Nature of the Ground Relation. Minds and Machines 11 (3):307-346.
    John Searle distinguished between weak and strong artificial intelligence (AI). This essay discusses a third alternative, mild AI, according to which a machine may be capable of possessing a species of mentality. Using James Fetzer's conception of minds as semiotic systems, the possibility of what might be called ``mild AI'' receives consideration. Fetzer argues against strong AI by contending that digital machines lack the ground relationship required of semiotic systems. In this essay, the implementational nature of semiotic processes posited (...)
    Direct download (17 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  50.  52
    F. Bergadano (1993). Machine Learning and the Foundations of Inductive Inference. Minds and Machines 3 (1):31-51.
    The problem of valid induction could be stated as follows: are we justified in accepting a given hypothesis on the basis of observations that frequently confirm it? The present paper argues that this question is relevant for the understanding of Machine Learning, but insufficient. Recent research in inductive reasoning has prompted another, more fundamental question: there is not just one given rule to be tested, there are a large number of possible rules, and many of these are somehow confirmed (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000