Search results for 'absurdity' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Meditations Leibnitziennes, Meaning Vagueness & Haig Absurdity (1965). Ph Ilosophi Cal Abstracts. American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (2).score: 30.0
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  2. Stewart Duncan, Hobbes on Language: Propositions, Truth, and Absurdity.score: 18.0
    Draft for Martinich and Hoekstra (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Hobbes. -/- Language was central to Hobbes's understanding of human beings and their mental abilities, and criticism of other philosophers' uses of language became a favorite critical tool for him. This paper connects Hobbes's theories about language to his criticisms of others' language, examining Hobbes's theories of propositions and truth, and how they relate to his claims that various sorts of proposition are absurd. It considers whether Hobbes in fact means anything (...)
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  3. Rouven Porz & Guy Widdershoven (2011). Predictive Testing and Existential Absurdity: Resonances Between Experiences Around Genetic Diagnosis and the Philosophy of Albert Camus. Bioethics 25 (6):342-350.score: 18.0
    Predictive genetic testing may confront those affected with difficult life situations that they have not experienced before. These life situations may be interpreted as ‘absurd’. In this paper we present a case study of a predictive test situation, showing the perspective of a woman going through the process of deciding for or against taking the test, and struggling with feelings of alienation. To interpret her experiences, we refer to the concept of absurdity, developed by the French Philosopher Albert Camus. (...)
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  4. Joe Mintoff (2008). Transcending Absurdity. Ratio 21 (1):64–84.score: 18.0
    Many of us experience the activities which fill our everyday lives as meaningful, and to do so we must (and do) hold them to be important. However, reflection undercuts this confidence: our activities are aimed at ends which are arbitrary, in that we have reason to regard our taking them so seriously as lacking justification; they are comparatively insignificant; and they leave little of any real permanence. Even though we take our activities seriously, and our everyday lives to be important, (...)
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  5. Bob Plant (2009). Absurdity, Incongruity and Laughter. Philosophy 84 (1):111-134.score: 12.0
    In "The Myth of Sisyphus", Camus recommends scornful defiance in the face of our absurd, meaningless existence. Although Nagel agrees that human life possesses an absurd dimension, he objects to Camus' existentialist 'dramatics'. For Nagel, absurdity arises from the irreducible tension between our subjective and objective perspectives on life. In this paper I do two things: (i) critically reconstruct Camus' and Nagel's positions, and (ii) develop Nagel's critique of Camus in order to argue that humour is an appropriate response (...)
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  6. Daniel Shaw (1985). Absurdity and Suicide. Philosophy Research Archives 11:209-223.score: 12.0
    Camus’ central thesis in The Myth of Sisyphus is that suicide is not the proper response to, nor is it the solution of, the problem of absurdity. Yet many of his literary protagonists either commit suicide or are self-destructive in other ways. I argue that the protagonists that best live up to the characteristics of the absurd man that Camus outlines in the Myth uniformly either commit suicide or consent to their destruction by behaving in such a manner as (...)
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  7. John N. Williams (1998). Wittgensteinian Accounts of Moorean Absurdity. Philosophical Studies 92 (3):283-306.score: 12.0
    (A) I went to the pictures last Tuesday but I don’t believe that I did (1942, p. 543) or (B) I believe that he has gone out. But he has not (1944, p. 204) would be “absurd” (1942, p. 543; 1944, p. 204). Wittgenstein’s letters to Moore show that he was intensely interested in this discovery of a class of possibly true yet absurd assertions. Wittgenstein thought that the absurdity is important because it is “something similar to a contradiction, (...)
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  8. John N. Williams (2006). Wittgenstein, Moorean Absurdity and its Disappearance From Speech. Synthese 149 (1):225 - 254.score: 12.0
    G. E. Moore famously observed that to say, “ I went to the pictures last Tuesday but I don’t believe that I did” would be “absurd”. Why should it be absurd of me to say something about myself that might be true of me? Moore suggested an answer to this, but as I will show, one that fails. Wittgenstein was greatly impressed by Moore’s discovery of a class of absurd but possibly true assertions because he saw that it illuminates “the (...)
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  9. Ed L. Miller (1997). At the Centre of Kierkegaard: An Objective Absurdity. Religious Studies 33 (4):433-441.score: 12.0
    No one doubts that for Kierkegaard's definition of Christian faith one should look to the "Concluding Unscientific Postscript." The contention of this paper is that within the Postscript, most have looked in the wrong place. The well-known definition that is usually cited is actually a definition of Socratic or religious faith, and the definition of specifically Christian faith, given a few pages later, represents an existential intensification, which moves from an 'objective uncertainty' to an 'objective absurdity'. This latter definition (...)
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  10. Sergei P. Odintsov (2006). Absurdity as Unary Operator. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 91 (1):225-242.score: 12.0
    It was shown in the previous work of the author that one can avoid the paradox of minimal logic { ϕ , ¬ ϕ } ¬ ψ defining the negation operator via reduction not a constant of absurdity, but to a unary operator of absurdity. In the present article we study in details what does it mean that negation in a logical system can be represented via an absurdity or contradiction operator. We distinguish different sorts of such (...)
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  11. Charles Sayward & Stephen H. Voss (1972). Absurdity and Spanning. Philosophia 2 (3):227-238.score: 12.0
    On the basis of observations J. J. C. Smart once made concerning the absurdity of sentences like 'The seat of the bed is hard', a plausible case can be made that there is little point to developing a theory of types, particularly one of the sort envisaged by Fred Sommers. The authors defend such theories against this objection by a partial elucidation of the distinctions between the concepts of spanning and predicability and between category mistakenness and absurdity in (...)
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  12. Elisa Aaltola (2010). Animal Ethics and the Argument From Absurdity. Environmental Values 19 (1):79-98.score: 12.0
    Arguments for the inherent value, equality of interests,or rights of non-human animals have presented a strong challenge for the anthropocentric worldview. However, they have been met with criticism.One form of criticism maintains that,regardless of their theoretical consistency,these 'pro-animal arguments' cannot be accepted due to their absurdity. Often, particularly inter-species interest conflicts are brought to the fore: if pro-animal arguments were followed,we could not solve interest conflicts between species,which is absurd. Because of this absurdity, the arguments need to be (...)
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  13. Peter Zinkemagel (1967). A Note on 'Scepticism and Absurdity'. Inquiry 10 (1-4):317-320.score: 12.0
    In ?Scepticism and Absurdity? (Inquiry, Vol. 7, No. 2) Ingemund Gullvag concludes that recent attempts to counter scepticism have failed. It is suggested that where the attempts Gullvåg investigates are complex theories of a sociological and linguistic?psychological nature, we need only refer to a simple and inspectable fact of language to counter scepticism.
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  14. Michael Keren (2012). Absurdity and Revolt in Cormac McCarthy's The Road. Phaenex 7 (1):221-243.score: 12.0
    Camus’ notions of absurdity and revolt remain relevant today, especially with respect to very recent developments in the growing role of electronic and digital mass media. Cormac McCarthy’s 2006 novel The Road , describing a father and child’s journey after the world as we know it has been destroyed, is used to highlight the nature of absurdity and revolt in their updated early 21 st century version.
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  15. Stephen W. Potts (1982). From Here to Absurdity: The Moral Battlefields of Joseph Heller. Borgo Press.score: 11.0
     
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  16. Ingemund Gullvåg (1964). Scepticism and Absurdity. Inquiry 7 (1-4):163-190.score: 10.0
    Analytic rejections of extreme traditional views, especially scepticism, as ?absurd? in some sense of violating ?rules? of discourse, arc considered. References to linguistic and pragmatic rules are discussed and found inadequate as bases for rejecting scepticism. References to logical principles alone are found to lead into scepticism. The claim that epistemology and scepticism take for granted an inadequate theory of words like ?know?, or ?knowledge?, as descriptive predicates, is considered. Alternatives, construing such words as appraisive or performative, are discussed, but (...)
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  17. Ingemund Gullv (1964). Scepticism and Absurdity. Inquiry 7 (1-4):163 – 190.score: 10.0
    Analytic rejections of extreme traditional views, especially scepticism, as 'absurd' in some sense of violating 'rules' of discourse, arc considered. References to linguistic and pragmatic rules are discussed and found inadequate as bases for rejecting scepticism. References to logical principles alone are found to lead into scepticism. The claim that epistemology and scepticism take for granted an inadequate theory of words like 'know', or 'knowledge', as descriptive predicates, is considered. Alternatives, construing such words as appraisive or performative, are discussed, but (...)
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  18. Steven Luper (1992). The Absurdity of Life. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52:1-17.score: 9.0
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  19. Steven Luper-Foy (1992). The Absurdity of Life. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (1):85-101.score: 9.0
  20. Herbert Hochberg (1965). Albert Camus and the Ethic of Absurdity. Ethics 75 (2):87-102.score: 9.0
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  21. Kai Nielsen (1958). Is "Why Should I Be Moral?" An Absurdity? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 36 (1):25 – 32.score: 9.0
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  22. Mitchell Green (2007). Moorean Absurdity and Showing What's Within. In Mitchell S. Green & John N. Williams (eds.), Moore's Paradox: New Essays on Belief, Rationality, and the First Person. Oxford University Press.score: 9.0
    Earlier versions of this paper were presented at the University of Virginia and at Texas A&M University. I thank audiences at both institutions for their insightful comments. Special thanks to John Williams for his illuminating comments on an earlier draft. Research for this paper was supported in part by a Summer Grant from the Vice Provost for Research and Public Service at the University of Virginia. That support is here gratefully acknowledged.
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  23. Duncan Pritchard (2010). Absurdity, Angst, and the Meaning of Life. The Monist 93 (1):3-16.score: 9.0
  24. Edzard Ernst (2009). Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Between Evidence and Absurdity. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (2):289-303.score: 9.0
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  25. William S. Cobb (1973). Anamnesis: Platonic Doctrine or Sophistic Absurdity? Dialogue 12 (04):604-628.score: 9.0
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  26. Quentin Smith (1991). Concerning the Absurdity of Life. Philosophy 66 (255):119 - 121.score: 9.0
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  27. Lisa H. Newton (1977). Abortion in the Law: An Essay on Absurdity. Ethics 87 (3):244-250.score: 9.0
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  28. John N. Williams (2014). Moore's Paradox in Belief and Desire. Acta Analytica 29 (1):1-23.score: 9.0
    Is there a Moore’s paradox in desire? I give a normative explanation of the epistemic irrationality, and hence absurdity, of Moorean belief that builds on Green and Williams’ normative account of absurdity. This explains why Moorean beliefs are normally irrational and thus absurd, while some Moorean beliefs are absurd without being irrational. Then I defend constructing a Moorean desire as the syntactic counterpart of a Moorean belief and distinguish it from a ‘Frankfurt’ conjunction of desires. Next I discuss (...)
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  29. John N. Williams (2013). Moore's Paradox and the Priority of Belief Thesis. Philosophical Studies 165 (3):1117-1138.score: 9.0
    Moore’s paradox is the fact that assertions or beliefs such asBangkok is the capital of Thailand but I do not believe that Bangkok is the capital of Thailand or Bangkok is the capital of Thailand but I believe that Bangkok is not the capital of Thailandare ‘absurd’ yet possibly true. The current orthodoxy is that an explanation of the absurdity should first start with belief, on the assumption that once the absurdity in belief has been explained then this (...)
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  30. John N. Williams (2013). The Completeness of the Pragmatic Solution to Moore's Paradox in Belief: A Reply to Chan. Synthese 190 (12):2457-2476.score: 9.0
    Moore’s paradox in belief is the fact that beliefs of the form ‘ p and I do not believe that p ’ are ‘absurd’ yet possibly true. Writers on the paradox have nearly all taken the absurdity to be a form of irrationality. These include those who give what Timothy Chan calls the ‘pragmatic solution’ to the paradox. This solution turns on the fact that having the Moorean belief falsifies its content. Chan, who also takes the absurdity to (...)
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  31. James DuBois (2008). Absurdity, God and the Sad Chimps We Are. Philosophy Now 66:14-17.score: 9.0
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  32. John N. Williams (1994). Moorean Absurdity and the Intentional 'Structure' of Assertion. Analysis 54 (3):160 - 166.score: 9.0
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  33. K. Baier (1954). Contradiction and Absurdity. Analysis 15 (2):31 - 40.score: 9.0
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  34. Desmond M. Clark (1979). Teleology and Mechanism: M. Grene's Absurdity Argument. Philosophy of Science 46 (2):321-325.score: 9.0
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  35. Kenneth Itzkowitz (2005). The Absurdity of Faith in the "Preliminary Expectoration" of Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling. Studies in Practical Philosophy 5 (1):3-17.score: 9.0
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  36. Jeffrey G. Sobosan (1974). Time and Absurdity in Samuel Beckett. Thought 49 (2):187-195.score: 9.0
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  37. Gail Weiss (1993). Ambiguity, Absurdity, And Reversibility. Bulletin de la Société Américaine de Philosophie de Langue Française 5 (1):71-83.score: 9.0
  38. Peter Cave (2011). With and Without Absurdity: Moore, Magic and McTaggart's Cat. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 68:125-149.score: 9.0
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  39. S. Morris Engel (1961). Hobbes's "Table of Absurdity". Philosophical Review 70 (4):533-543.score: 9.0
  40. George Englebretsen (1975). Trivalence and Absurdity. Philosophical Papers 4 (2):121-128.score: 9.0
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  41. Marjorie Grene (1979). Comment on Desmond Clarke, "Teleology and Mechanism: M. Grene's Absurdity Argument". Philosophy of Science 46 (2):326-327.score: 9.0
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  42. Paul S. MacDonald (1997). The Absurdity of the Paranormal. Cogito 11 (1):33-38.score: 9.0
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  43. Douglas Odegard (1966). Absurdity and Types. Mind 75 (297):97-113.score: 9.0
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  44. Daryl J. Wennemann (1996). From Absurdity to Decision. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 70:105-120.score: 9.0
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  45. John N. Williams (2013). Eliminativism, Dialetheism and Moore's Paradox. Theoria 80 (2).score: 9.0
    John Turri gives an example that he thinks refutes what he takes to be “G. E. Moore's view” that omissive assertions such as “It is raining but I do not believe that it is raining” are “inherently ‘absurd'”. This is that of Ellie, an eliminativist who makes such assertions. Turri thinks that these are perfectly reasonable and not even absurd. Nor does she seem irrational if the sincerity of her assertion requires her to believe its content. A commissive counterpart of (...)
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  46. Beatrice Edgell (1933). The Absurdity of Any Mind-Body Relation. By C. S. Myers C.B.E., F.R.S., M.D., Sc.D. The L. T. Hobhouse Memorial Trust Lecture, Delivered at University College, London, May 19, 1932. (London: Oxford University Press; Humphrey Milford. 1932. Pp. 27. Price 2s. Net.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 8 (29):108-.score: 9.0
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  47. Kenneth Itzkowitz (2005). The Absurdity of Faith in The. Studies in Practical Philosophy 5 (1):3-17.score: 9.0
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  48. Stuart Moore (1933). Rational Absurdity in Primitives. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):204 – 221.score: 9.0
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  49. Bert Randall (1996). Concrete Philosophy, the Mystery of Love, and the Absurdity of Evil. Bulletin de la Société Américaine de Philosophie de Langue Française 8 (1):54-68.score: 9.0
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  50. Ferruccio Rossi-Landi (1976). On Absurdity. Semiotica 16 (4).score: 9.0
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