Search results for 'adverbs of quantification' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Delia Graff Fara (2006). Descriptions with Adverbs of Quantification. Philosophical Issues, Volume 16: Philosophy of Language 16:65–87.score: 549.0
    In “Descriptions as Predicates” (Graff 2001) I argued that definite and indefinite descriptions should be given a uniform semantic treatment as predicates rather than as quantifier phrases. The aim of the current paper is to clarify and elaborate one of the arguments for the descriptions-as-predicates view, one that concerns the interaction of descriptions with adverbs of quantification.
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  2. Delia Graff Fara (2006). Descriptions with Adverbs of Quantification. Philosophical Issues 16 (1):65-87.score: 540.0
    In “Descriptions as Predicates” (Fara 2001) I argued that definite and indefinite descriptions should be given a uniform semantic treatment as predicates rather than as quantifier phrases. The aim of the current paper is to clarify and elaborate one of the arguments for the descriptions-aspredicates view, one that concerns the interaction of descriptions with adverbs of quantification.
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  3. Delia Graff Fara, Descriptions with Adverbs of Quantification.score: 540.0
    In “Descriptions as Predicates” (Fara 2001) I argued that definite and indefinite descriptions should be given a uniform semantic treatment as predicates rather than as quantifier phrases. The aim of the current paper is to clarify and elaborate one of the arguments for the descriptions-aspredicates view, one that concerns the interaction of descriptions with adverbs of quantification.
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  4. Delia Graff (2006). Descriptions with Adverbs of Quantification. Philosophical Issues 16 16:65–87.score: 492.0
    In “Descriptions as Predicates” (Graff 2001) I argued that definite and indefinite descriptions should be given a uniform semantic treatment as predicates rather than as quantifier phrases. The aim of the current paper is to clarify and elaborate one of the arguments for the descriptions-as-predicates view, one that concerns the interaction of descriptions with adverbs of quantification.
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  5. Martin Stokhof, Interrogatives and Adverbs of Quantification.score: 459.0
    This paper is about a topic in the semantics of interrogatives.1 In what follows a number of assumptions figure at the background which, though intuitively appealing, have not gone unchallenged, and it seems therefore only fair to draw the reader’s attention to them at the outset.
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  6. David Lewis (1975). Adverbs of Quantification. In Edward L. Keenan (ed.), Formal Semantics of Natural Language. Cambridge University Press. 178--188.score: 459.0
  7. Justin Khoo (2011). Operators or Restrictors? A Reply to Gillies. Semantics and Pragmatics 4:1-25.score: 216.0
    According to operator theories, "if" denotes a two-place operator. According to restrictor theories, "if" doesn't contribute an operator of its own but instead merely restricts the domain of some co-occurring quantifier. The standard arguments (Lewis 1975, Kratzer 1986) for restrictor theories have it that operator theories (but not restrictor theories) struggle to predict the truth conditions of quantified conditionals like -/- (1) a. If John didn't work at home, he usually worked in his office. b. If John didn't work at (...)
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  8. Bert Mosselmans (2008). Aristotle's Logic and the Quest for the Quantification of the Predicate. Foundations of Science 13 (3-4):195-198.score: 198.0
    This paper examines the quest for the quantification of the predicate, as discussed by W.S. Jevons, and relates it to the discussion about universals and particulars between Plato and Aristotle. We conclude that the quest for the quantification of the predicate can only be achieved by stripping the syllogism from its metaphysical heritage.
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  9. James Franklin, Accountancy and the Quantification of Rights: Giving Moral Values Legal Teeth. Centre for an Ethical Society Papers.score: 192.0
    If a company’s share price rises when it sacks workers, or when it makes money from polluting the environment, it would seem that the accounting is not being done correctly. Real costs are not being paid. People’s ethical claims, which in a smaller-scale case would be legally enforceable, are not being measured in such circumstances. This results from a mismatch between the applied ethics tradition and the practice of the accounting profession. Applied ethics has mostly avoided quantification of rights, (...)
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  10. Philip Percival (2011). Predicate Abstraction, the Limits of Quantification, and the Modality of Existence. Philosophical Studies 156 (3):389-416.score: 176.0
    For various reasons several authors have enriched classical first order syntax by adding a predicate abstraction operator. “Conservatives” have done so without disturbing the syntax of the formal quantifiers but “revisionists” have argued that predicate abstraction motivates the universal quantifier’s re-classification from an expression that combines with a variable to yield a sentence from a sentence, to an expression that combines with a one-place predicate to yield a sentence. My main aim is to advance the cause of predicate abstraction while (...)
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  11. Peter Hallman (2009). Proportions in Time: Interactions of Quantification and Aspect. [REVIEW] Natural Language Semantics 17 (1):29-61.score: 176.0
    Proportional quantification and progressive aspect interact in English in revealing ways. This paper investigates these interactions and draws conclusions about the semantics of the progressive and telicity. In the scope of the progressive, the proportion named by a proportionality quantifier (e.g. most in The software was detecting most errors) must hold in every subevent of the event so described, indicating that a predicate in the scope of the progressive is interpreted as an internally homogeneous activity. Such an activity interpretation (...)
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  12. M. T. (2001). On the Virtues and Disadvantage of Quantification for Democratic Life. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (4):739-747.score: 174.0
    In this paper, a response to Ed Levy's discussion of medical quantification, I reflect on the ambitions of my book Trust in Numbers. I explore the idealized method of randomized clinical trials, revealed in his case study, as a social technology, one endowed with a persuasive scientific rationale but shaped also by political and social demands. The scholarly study of quantification requires not a choice between blind admiration and sweeping rejection, but a nuanced understanding. This should take into (...)
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  13. Thomas F. Baxley (forthcoming). Wittgenstein's Theory of Quantification. International Logic Review.score: 168.0
    The article examines wittgenstein's theory of quantification as it appears in the "tractatus". it is argued that wittgenstein advances a theory of quantification and a theory of generality where most contemporary writers on the subject hold a single theory of quantification incorporating both quantification proper and generality. having established this it is shown that wittgenstein theory of quantification is truth functional and not substitutional as recent authors have suggested.
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  14. Stephen Donaho (2002). Standard Quantification Theory in the Analysis of English. Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (6):499-526.score: 166.0
    Standard first-order logic plus quantifiers of all finite orders ("SFOLω") faces four well-known difficulties when used to characterize the behavior of certain English quantifier phrases. All four difficulties seem to stem from the typed structure of SFOLω models. The typed structure of SFOLω models is in turn a product of an asymmetry between the meaning of names and the meaning of predicates, the element-set asymmetry. In this paper we examine a class of models in which this asymmetry of meaning is (...)
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  15. John-Michael Kuczynski (2010). Boguslawski's Analysis of Quantification in Natural Language. Journal of Pragmatics 42 (10):2836-2844.score: 164.0
    The semantic rules governing natural language quantifiers (e.g. "all," "some," "most") neither coincide with nor resemble the semantic rules governing the analogues of those expressions that occur in the artificial languages used by semanticists. Some semanticists, e.g. Peter Strawson, have put forth data-consistent hypotheses as to the identities of the semantic rules governing some natural-language quantifiers. But, despite their obvious merits, those hypotheses have been universally rejected. In this paper, it is shown that those hypotheses are indeed correct. Moreover, data-consistent (...)
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  16. Adrian Brasoveanu (2013). The Grammar of Quantification and the Fine Structure of Interpretation Contexts. Synthese 190 (15):3001-3051.score: 164.0
    Providing a compositional interpretation procedure for discourses in which descriptions of complex dependencies between interrelated objects are incrementally built is a key challenge for formal theories of natural language interpretation. This paper examines several quantificational phenomena and argues that to account for these phenomena, we need richly structured contexts of interpretation that are passed on between different parts of the same sentence and also across sentential boundaries. The main contribution of the paper is showing how we can add structure to (...)
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  17. Chris Barker (2002). Continuations and the Nature of Quantification. Natural Language Semantics 10 (3):211-242.score: 164.0
    This paper proposes that the meanings of some natural language expressions should be thought of as functions on their own continuations. Continuations are a well-established analytic tool in the theory of programming language semantics; in brief, a continuation is the entire default future of a computation. I show how a continuation-based grammar can unify several aspects of natural language quantification in a new way: merely stating the truth conditions for quantificational expressions in terms of continuations automatically accounts for scope (...)
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  18. Mireille Staschok (2008). Non-Traditional Squares of Predication and Quantification. Logica Universalis 2 (1):77-85.score: 160.0
    . Three logical squares of predication or quantification, which one can even extend to logical hexagons, will be presented and analyzed. All three squares are based on ideas of the non-traditional theory of predication developed by Sinowjew and Wessel. The authors also designed a non-traditional theory of quantification. It will be shown that this theory is superfluous, since it is based on an obscure difference between two kinds of quantification and one pays a high price for differentiating (...)
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  19. Paul Dekker (2008). A Multi-Dimensional Treatment of Quantification in Extraordinary English. Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (1):101-127.score: 158.0
    In this paper I revive two important formal approaches to the interpretation of natural language, that of Montague and that of Karttunen and Peters. Armed with insights from dynamic semantics (Heim, Krifka) the two turn out to stand up against age-old criticisms in an orthodox fashion. The plan is mainly methodological, as I only want to illustrate the technical feasibility of the revived proposals. Even so, there are illuminating and welcome empirical consequences on the subject of scope islands (as discussed (...)
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  20. Peter Schroeder-Heister (forthcoming). The Calculus of Higher-Level Rules, Propositional Quantification, and the Foundational Approach to Proof-Theoretic Harmony. Studia Logica:1-32.score: 156.0
    We present our calculus of higher-level rules, extended with propositional quantification within rules. This makes it possible to present general schemas for introduction and elimination rules for arbitrary propositional operators and to define what it means that introductions and eliminations are in harmony with each other. This definition does not presuppose any logical system, but is formulated in terms of rules themselves. We therefore speak of a foundational (rather than reductive) account of proof-theoretic harmony. With every set of introduction (...)
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  21. Daniel Altshuler (2014). Discourse Transparency and the Meaning of Temporal Locating Adverbs. Natural Language Semantics 22 (1):55-88.score: 156.0
    This paper proposes that a core semantic property of temporal locating adverbs is the ability (or the lack thereof) to introduce a new time discourse referent. The core data comes from that same day in narrative discourse. I argue that unlike other previously studied temporal locating adverbs—which introduce a new time discourse referent and relate it to the speech time or a salient time introduced into the discourse context—that same day is ‘twice anaphoric’, i.e. it retrieves two salient (...)
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  22. Kristen A. Greer (2014). Extensionality in Natural Language Quantification: The Case of Many and Few. Linguistics and Philosophy 37 (4):315-351.score: 156.0
    This paper presents an extensional account of manyand few that explains data that have previously motivated intensional analyses of these quantifiers (cf. Fernando and Kamp, Proceedings of semantics and linguistic theory, 1996; Lappin, Linguist Philos, 23(6):599–620, 2000). The key insight is that their semantic arguments are themselves set intersections: the restrictor is the intersection of the predicates denoted by the N’ or the V’ and the restricted universe, U, and the scope is the intersection of the N’ and V’. Following (...)
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  23. H. J. van Jaarsveld & R. Schreuder (1985). Implicit Quantification of Temporal Adverbials. Journal of Semantics 4 (4):327-339.score: 154.0
    Vague temporal adverbials like soon, recent, just, which are used to locate situations in time, do not set clear boundaries to the time-interval between the reference-point (usually the moment of speech) and the time at which the situation referred to occurs. In the context of particular sentences these vague adverbials receive an interpretation that restricts the length of the time-interval to a more limited range of values (of. John has just smoked a cigaret and John has just married). In two (...)
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  24. Bernhard Weiss (1994). On Russell's Arguments for Restricting Modes of Specification and Domains of Quantification. History and Philosophy of Logic 15 (2):173-188.score: 152.0
    Russell takes his paper ?On denoting? to have achieved the repudiation of the theory of denoting concepts and Frege?s theory of sense, and the invention of the notion of incomplete symbols.This means that Russell attempts to solve the set theoretic and semantic paradoxes without making use of a theory of sense.Instead, his strategy is to revise his logical ontology by arguing that certain symbols should be treated as incomplete.In constructing such arguments Russell, at various points, makes use of epistemological and (...)
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  25. Paul Smeyers & Nicholas C. Burbules (2011). How to Improve Your Impact Factor: Questioning the Quantification of Academic Quality. Journal of Philosophy of Education 45 (1):1-17.score: 150.0
    A broad-scale quantification of the measure of quality for scholarship is under way. This trend has fundamental implications for the future of academic publishing and employment. In this essay we want to raise questions about these burgeoning practices, particularly how they affect philosophy of education and similar sub-disciplines. First, details are given of how an ‘impact factor’ is calculated. The various meanings that can be attached to it are scrutinised. Second, we examine how impact factors are used to make (...)
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  26. Alberto Zanardo (1996). Branching-Time Logic with Quantification Over Branches: The Point of View of Modal Logic. Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (1):1-39.score: 150.0
    In Ockhamist branching-time logic [Prior 67], formulas are meant to be evaluated on a specified branch, or history, passing through the moment at hand. The linguistic counterpart of the manifoldness of future is a possibility operator which is read as `at some branch, or history (passing through the moment at hand)'. Both the bundled-trees semantics [Burgess 79] and the $\langle moment, history\rangle$ semantics [Thomason 84] for the possibility operator involve a quantification over sets of moments. The Ockhamist frames are (...)
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  27. Andrew M. Pitts (1992). On an Interpretation of Second Order Quantification in First Order Intuitionistic Propositional Logic. Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (1):33-52.score: 150.0
    We prove the following surprising property of Heyting's intuitionistic propositional calculus, IpC. Consider the collection of formulas, φ, built up from propositional variables (p,q,r,...) and falsity $(\perp)$ using conjunction $(\wedge)$ , disjunction (∨) and implication (→). Write $\vdash\phi$ to indicate that such a formula is intuitionistically valid. We show that for each variable p and formula φ there exists a formula Apφ (effectively computable from φ), containing only variables not equal to p which occur in φ, and such that for (...)
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  28. Gregory Landini (2000). Quantification Theory in *9 of Principia Mathematica. History and Philosophy of Logic 21 (1):57-77.score: 150.0
    This paper examines the quantification theory of *9 of Principia Mathematica. The focus of the discussion is not the philosophical role that section *9 plays in Principia's full ramified type-theory. Rather, the paper assesses the system of *9 as a quantificational theory for the ordinary predicate calculus. The quantifier-free part of the system of *9 is examined and some misunderstandings of it are corrected. A flaw in the system of *9 is discovered, but it is shown that with a (...)
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  29. Paulus Smeyers & Nicholas Burbules (2011). How to Improve Your Impact Factor: Questioning the Quantification of Academic Quality. Journal of Philosophy of Education 787 (45):1-17.score: 150.0
    A broad-scale quantification of the measure of quality for scholarship is under way. This trend has fundamental implications for the future of academic publishing and employment. In this essay we want to raise questions about these burgeoning practices, particularly how they affect philosophy of education and similar sub-disciplines. First, details are given of how an 'impact factor' is calculated. The various meanings that can be attached to it are scrutinised. Second, we examine how impact factors are used to make (...)
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  30. James Franklin (2005). Case Comment: Quantification of the ‘Proof Beyond Reasonable Doubt’ Standard. Law, Probability and Risk 6:159-165.score: 148.0
    Argues for a minimal level of quantification for the "proof beyond reasonable doubt" standard of criminal law: if a jury asks "Is 60% enough?", the answer should be "No.".
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  31. David Dolby, The Ineliminability of Non-Nominal Quantification.score: 148.0
    Objectual interpretations of non-nominal quantification seems to offer a non-substitutional treatment of quantification which respects differences of grammatical category in the object language whilst only employing nominal quantification in the metalanguage. I argue that the satisfaction conditions of such interpretations makes use concepts that must themselves be explained through non-nominal quantification. As a result, the interpretation misrepresents the structure of non-nominal quantification and the relationship between nominal and non-nominal forms of generality.
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  32. Lisa Matthewson (2001). Quantification and the Nature of Crosslinguistic Variation. Natural Language Semantics 9 (2):145-189.score: 148.0
    The standard analysis of quantification says that determiner quantifiers (such as every) take an NP predicate and create a generalized quantifier. The goal of this paper is to subject these beliefs to crosslinguistic scrutiny. I begin by showing that in St'á'imcets (Lillooet Salish), quantifiers always require sisters of argumental type, and the creation of a generalized quantifier from an NP predicate always proceeds in two steps rather than one. I then explicitly adopt the strong null hypothesis that the denotations (...)
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  33. Sten Lindström (2006). On the Proper Treatment of Quantification in Contexts of Logical and Metaphysical Modalities. In Henrik Lagerlund, Sten Lindström & Rysiek Sliwinski (eds.), Modality Matters: Twenty-Five Essays in Honour of Krister Segerberg. Uppsala Philosophical Studies 53.score: 146.0
  34. Zoltan Szabo & Jason Stanley, Domain of Quantification.score: 146.0
    When we utter sentences containing quantifiers, typically we are not to be taken to speak about absolutely everything there is. Suppose Mary has invited her friend John to a party to which she is going. If, upon entering the party, Mary turns to Jack and utters (1), it would be rather odd of Jack to object by pointing out that John in fact knows several people who are not present.
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  35. W. V. Quine (1945). On the Logic of Quantification. Journal of Symbolic Logic 10 (1):1-12.score: 146.0
  36. Jeroen Groenendijk & Martin Stokhof, Interrogatives and Adverbs of Quantification.score: 146.0
    This paper is about a topic in the semantics of interrogatives.1 In what follows a number of assumptions figure at the background which, though intuitively appealing, have not gone unchallenged, and it seems therefore only fair to draw the reader’s attention to them at the outset. The first assumption concerns a very global intuition about the kind of semantic objects that we associate with interrogatives. The intuition is that there is an intimate relationship between interrogatives and their answers: an interrogative (...)
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  37. Hao Wang (1947). A Note on Quine's Principles of Quantification. Journal of Symbolic Logic 12 (4):130-132.score: 146.0
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  38. Theodore M. Porter (2001). On the Virtues and Disadvantage of Quantification for Democratic Life. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (4):739-747.score: 146.0
  39. George D. W. Berry (1941). On Quine's Axioms of Quantification. Journal of Symbolic Logic 6 (1):23-27.score: 146.0
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  40. Moh Shaw-Kwei (1952). A Note on the Theory of Quantification. Journal of Symbolic Logic 17 (4):243-244.score: 146.0
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  41. A. Trew (1970). Nonstandard Theories of Quantification and Identity. Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (2):267-294.score: 146.0
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  42. Leon Henkin (1953). Review: Burton Dreben, On the Completeness of Quantification Theory. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (4):339-339.score: 146.0
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  43. Dagfinn Follesdal (1968). Review: Claes-Goran Holm, On the Question of the Rise of Quantification Theory. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (4):605-605.score: 146.0
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  44. Edward MacKinnon (2013). The Origin of Quantification. Open Journal of Philosophy 3 (4):6.score: 146.0
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  45. Nuel Belnap (2006). Bressan's Type-Theoretical Combination of Quantification and Modality. In Henrik Lagerlund, Sten Lindström & Rysiek Sliwinski (eds.), Modality Matters: Twenty-Five Essays in Honour of Krister Segerberg. Uppsala Philosophical Studies 53. 53--31.score: 146.0
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  46. Vaclav Edvard Benes (1953). Review: Moh Shaw-Kwei, A Note on the Theory of Quantification. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (2):179-180.score: 146.0
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  47. George D. W. Berry (1948). Review: Hao Wang, A Note on Quine's Principles of Quantification. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 13 (2):115-116.score: 146.0
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  48. George D. W. Berry (1947). Review: W. V. Quine, On the Logic of Quantification. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 12 (1):17-19.score: 146.0
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