Search results for 'affordances' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. John T. Sanders (1997). An Ontology of Affordances. Ecological Psychology 9 (1):97-112.score: 24.0
    I argue that the most promising approach to understanding J.J. Gibson's "affordances" takes affordances themselves as ontological primitives, instead of treating them as dispositional properties of more primitive things, events, surfaces, or substances. These latter are best treated as coalescences of affordances present in the environment (or "coalescences of use-potential," as in Sanders (1994) and Hilditch (1995)). On this view, even the ecological approach's stress on the complementary organism/environment pair is seen as expressing a particular affordance relation (...)
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  2. John T. Sanders (1999). Affordances: An Ecological Approach to First Philosophy. In Gail Weiss & Honi Fern Haber (eds.), Perspectives on Embodiment: The Intersections of Nature and Culture. Routledge. 121--42.score: 24.0
    Interest in "embodiment", and over how one may best express the implications of embodiment, is no parochial question, of interest only to a small number of effete philosophers. It confronts perceptual psychologists, developmental psychologists, and psychotherapists, of course. It may not be surprising, either, that it has become an important issue to some students of history and sociology, and to linguists, literary theorists and aestheticians. But that's not all. As physicists -- working within the very bastion of "objective" analysis -- (...)
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  3. Simon Prosser (2011). Affordances and Phenomenal Character in Spatial Perception. Philosophical Review 120 (4):475-513.score: 24.0
    Intentionalism is the view that the phenomenal character of a conscious experience is wholly determined by, or even reducible to, its representational content. In this essay I put forward a version of intentionalism that allows (though does not require) the reduction of phenomenal character to representational content. Unlike other reductionist theories, however, it does not require the acceptance of phenomenal externalism (the view that phenomenal character does not supervene on the internal state of the subject). According the view offered here, (...)
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  4. Erik Rietveld (2012). Bodily Intentionality and Social Affordances in Context. In Fabio Paglieri (ed.), Consciousness in Interaction. !e role of the natural and social context in shaping consciousness. John Benjamins Publishing Company.score: 24.0
    There are important structural similarities in the way that animals and humans engage in unreflective activities, including unreflective social interactions in the case of higher animals. Firstly, it is a form of unreflective embodied intelligence that is ‘motivated’ by the situation. Secondly, both humans and non-human animals are responsive to ‘affordances’ (Gibson 1979); to possibilities for action offered by an environment. Thirdly, both humans and animals are selectively responsive to one affordance rather than another. Social affordances are a (...)
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  5. Alan Costall (2012). Canonical Affordances in Context. Avant 3 (2):85-93.score: 24.0
    James Gibson’s concept of affordances was an attempt to undermine the traditional dualism of the objective and subjective. Gibson himself insisted on the continuity of “affordances in general” and those attached to human artifacts. However, a crucial distinction needs to be drawn between “affordances in general” and the “canonical affordances” that are connected primarily to artifacts. Canonical affordances are conventional and normative. It is only in such cases that it makes sense to talk of the (...)
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  6. Eric Arnau & Andreu Ballús (2013). Innovative Scaffolding: Understanding Innovation as the Disclosure of Hidden Affordances. Revista Iberoamericana de Argumentación 7:1-11.score: 24.0
    Much attention has been drawn to the cognitive basis of innovation. While interesting in many ways, this poses the threat of falling back to traditional internalist assumptions with regard to cognition. We oppose the ensuing contrast between internal cognitive processing and external public practices and technologies that such internal cognitive systems might produce and utilize. We argue that innovation is best understood from the gibsonian notion of affordance, and that many innovative practices emerge from the external scaffolding of cognitive processes. (...)
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  7. Jeanine K. Stefanucci Sarah H. Creem-Regehr, Kyle T. Gagnon, Michael N. Geuss (2013). Relating Spatial Perspective Taking to the Perception of Other's Affordances: Providing a Foundation for Predicting the Future Behavior of Others. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Understanding what another agent can see relates functionally to the understanding of what they can do. We propose that spatial perspective taking and perceiving other’s affordances, while two separate spatial processes, together share the common social function of predicting the behavior of others. Perceiving the action capabilities of others allows for a common understanding of how agents may act together. The ability to take another’s perspective focuses an understanding of action goals so that more precise understanding of intentions may (...)
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  8. Susanna Siegel (forthcoming). Affordances and the Contents of Perception. In Berit Brogaard (ed.), Does Perception Have Content?score: 21.0
  9. Tibor Solymosi (2013). Against Representation: A Brief Introduction to Cultural Affordances. Human Affairs 23 (4):594-605.score: 21.0
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  10. Antonello Pellicano, Serge Thill, Tom Ziemke & Ferdinand Binkofski (2011). Affordances, Adaptive Tool Use and Grounded Cognition. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 21.0
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  11. Joel Krueger (2014). Affordances and the Musically Extended Mind. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 21.0
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  12. Peter Gorniak & Deb Roy (2007). Situated Language Understanding as Filtering Perceived Affordances. Cognitive Science 31 (2):197-231.score: 21.0
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  13. Ana Carolina Saraiva, Friederike Schueuer & Sven Bestmann (2013). Emotional Valence and Contextual Affordances Flexibly Shape Approach-Avoidance Movements. Frontiers in Psychology 4:933.score: 21.0
    Behaviour is influenced by the emotional content – or valence – of stimuli in our environment. Positive stimuli facilitate approach, whereas negative stimuli facilitate defensive actions such as avoidance (flight) and attack (fight). Facilitation of approach or avoidance movements may also be influenced by whether it is the self that moves relative to a stimulus (self-reference) or the stimulus that moves relative to the self (object-reference), adding flexibility and context-dependence to behaviour. Alternatively, facilitation of approach avoidance movements may happen in (...)
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  14. François Osiurak (2013). Apraxia of Tool Use is Not a Matter of Affordances. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:890.score: 20.0
    Apraxia of tool use is not a matter of affordances.
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  15. M. Wilf, N. P. Holmes, I. Schwartz & T. R. Makin (2012). Dissociating Between Object Affordances and Spatial Compatibility Effects Using Early Response Components. Frontiers in Psychology 4:591-591.score: 20.0
    Perception and action are tightly linked: objects may be perceived not only in terms of visual features, but also in terms of possibilities for action. Previous studies showed that when a centrally located object has a salient graspable feature (e.g., a handle), it facilitates motor responses corresponding with the feature's position. However, such so-called affordance effects have been criticized as resulting from spatial compatibility effects, due to the visual asymmetry created by the graspable feature, irrespective of any affordances. In (...)
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  16. Erik Rietveld, Sanneke De Haan & Damiaan Denys (2013). Social Affordances in Context: What is It That We Are Bodily Responsive To? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):436-436.score: 18.0
    We propose to understand social affordances in the broader context of responsiveness to a field of relevant affordances in general. This perspective clarifies our everyday ability to unreflectively switch between social and other affordances. Moreover, based on our experience with Deep Brain Stimulation for treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients, we suggest that psychiatric disorders may affect skilled intentionality, including responsiveness to social affordances.
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  17. Harry Heft (1989). Affordances and the Body: An Intentional Analysis of Gibson's Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (1):1–30.score: 18.0
    In his ecological approach to perception, james gibson introduced the concept of affordance to refer to the perceived meaning of environmental objects and events. this paper examines the relational and causal character of affordances, as well as the grounds for extending affordances beyond environmental features with transcultural meaning to include those features with culturally-specific meaning. such an extension is seen as warranted once affordances are grounded in an intentional analysis of perception. toward this end, aspects of merleau-ponty's (...)
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  18. Andrea Scarantino (2003). Affordances Explained. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):949-961.score: 18.0
    I examine the central theoretical construct of ecological psychology, the concept of an affordance. In the first part of the paper, I illustrate the role affordances play in Gibson's theory of perception. In the second part, I argue that affordances are to be understood as dispositional properties, and explain what I take to be their characteristic background circumstances, triggering circumstances and manifestations. The main purpose of my analysis is to give affordances a theoretical identity enriched by Gibson's (...)
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  19. Jan Almäng (2008). Affordances and the Nature of Perceptual Content. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (2):161 - 177.score: 18.0
    According to John McDowell,<span class='Hi'></span> representational perceptual content is conceptual through and through.<span class='Hi'></span> This paper criticizes this view by claiming that there is a certain kind of representational and non-conceptual perceptual content that is sensitive to bodily skills.<span class='Hi'></span> After a brief introduction to McDowell's position,<span class='Hi'></span> Merleau-Ponty's notion of body schema and Gibson's notion of affordance are presented.<span class='Hi'></span> It is argued that affordances are constitutive of representational perceptual content,<span class='Hi'></span> and that at least some affordances,<span (...)
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  20. Tony Chemero (2001). What We Perceive When We Perceive Affordances: Commentary on Michaels (2000), Information, Perception and Action. Ecological Psychology 13 (2):111-116.score: 18.0
    In her essay --?Information, Perception and Action--, Claire Michaels reaches two conclusions that run very much against the grain of ecological psychology. First, she claims that affordances are not perceived, but simply acted upon; second, because of this, perception and action ought to be conceived separately. These conclusions are based upon a misinterpretation of empirical evidence which is, in turn, based upon a conflation of two proper objects of perception: objectively with properties and affordances.
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  21. Anthony Chemero & Michael T. Turvey, Gibsonian Affordances for Roboticists.score: 18.0
    Using hypersets as an analytic tool, we compare traditionally Gibsonian (Chemero 2003; Turvey 1992) and representationalist (Sahin et al. this issue) understandings of the notion ‘affordance’. We show that representationalist understandings are incompatible with direct perception and erect barriers between animal and environment. They are, therefore, scarcely recognizable as understandings of ‘affordance’. In contrast, Gibsonian understandings are shown to treat animal-environment systems as unified complex systems and to be compatible with direct perception. We discuss the fruitful connections between Gibsonian (...) and dynamical systems explanation in the behavioral sciences and point to prior fruitful application of Gibsonian affordances in robotics. We conclude that it is unnecessary to re-imagine affordances as representations in order to make them useful for researchers in robotics. (shrink)
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  22. Anthony Chemero, Colin Klein & William Cordeiro, Events as Changes in the Layout of Affordances.score: 18.0
    In a target article that appeared in this journal, Thomas Stoffregen 2000 questions the possibility of ecological event perception research. This paper describes an experiments performed to examine the perception of the disappearance of gap-crossing affordances, a variety of event as defined by Chemero 2000. We found that subjects reliably perceive both gap-crossing affordances and the disappearance of gap-crossing affordances. Our findings provide empirical evidence in favor of understanding events as changes in the layout of affordances, (...)
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  23. R. Harré (1990). Tracks and Affordances: The Sources of a Physical Ontology. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 4 (2):149 – 158.score: 18.0
    How is meaning assigned to those terms in a theory which are remote from direct observational instantiation? Models and analogies play a role, but close examination of theories in high energy physics shows that the design of experimental apparatus also influences the interpretation of such terms. Certain apparatus favours certain kinds of effects, and this affects the way mathematical theories are interpreted. In particular track producing apparatus becomes involved with theories in which photonic terms are picked out in the theory. (...)
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  24. Mark Steedman (2002). Plans, Affordances, and Combinatory Grammar. Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (5-6):723-753.score: 18.0
    The idea that natural language grammar and planned action are relatedsystems has been implicit in psychological theory for more than acentury. However, formal theories in the two domains have tendedto look very different. This article argues that both faculties sharethe formal character of applicative systems based on operationscorresponding to the same two combinatory operations, namely functional composition and type-raising. Viewing them in thisway suggests simpler and more cognitively plausible accounts of bothsystems, and suggests that the language faculty evolved in the (...)
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  25. Guillaume Dezecache, Laurence Conty & Julie Grèzes (2013). Social Affordances: Is the Mirror Neuron System Involved? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):417-418.score: 18.0
    We question the idea that the mirror neuron system is the substrate of social affordances perception, and we suggest that most of the activity seen in the parietal and premotor cortex of the human brain is independent of mirroring activity as characterized in macaques, but rather reflects a process of one's own action specification in response to social signals.
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  26. Pierre O. Jacquet, Alessia Tessari, Ferdinand Binkofski & Anna M. Borghi (2012). Can Object Affordances Impact on Human Social Learning of Tool Use? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (4):227-228.score: 18.0
    The author describes and sociocognitive skills that he argues as being necessary for tool use. We propose that those skills could be based on simpler detection systems humans could share with other animal tool users. More specifically, we discuss the impact of object affordances on the understanding and the social learning of tool use.
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  27. Sinan Kalkan, Nilgün Dag, Onur Yürüten, Anna M. Borghi & Erol Şahin (2014). Verb Concepts From Affordances. Interaction Studies 15 (1):1-37.score: 18.0
    In this paper, we investigate how the interactions of a robot with its environment can be used to create concepts that are typically represented by verbs in language. Towards this end, we utilize the notion of affordances to argue that verbs typically refer to the generation of a specific type of effect rather than a specific type of action. Then, we show how a robot can form these concepts through interactions with the environment and how humans can use these (...)
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  28. Rob Withagen & Anthony Chemero (2011). Affordances and Classification: On the Significance of a Sidebar in James Gibson's Last Book. Philosophical Psychology 25 (4):521 - 537.score: 16.0
    This article is about a sidebar in James Gibson's last book, The ecological approach to visual perception. In this sidebar, Gibson, the founder of the ecological perspective of perception and action, argued that to perceive an affordance is not to classify an object. Although this sidebar has received scant attention, it is of great significance both historically and for recent discussions about specificity, direct perception, and the functions of the dorsal and ventral streams. It is argued that Gibson's acknowledgment of (...)
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  29. T. Ziemke (2011). Realism Redux: Gibson's Affordances Get a Well-Deserved Update. Constructivist Foundations 7 (1):87-89.score: 16.0
    Upshot: Chemero provides a modern re-interpretation of Gibson’s ecological psychology and his affordance concept that is more coherent than the original and in line with antirepresentationalist, dynamical theories in embodied cognitive science. He argues for a radical embodied cognitive science, in which ecological and enactive approaches join forces against the more watered-down, mainstream embodied cognitive science that still maintains traditional commitments to representationalism and computationalism. He also defends a special version of realism, entity realism, which many constructivists might not find (...)
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  30. Anthony Chemero (2003). An Outline of a Theory of Affordances. Ecological Psychology 15 (2):181-195.score: 15.0
    The primary difference between direct and inferential theories of perception concerns the location of perceptual content, the meaning of our perceptions. In inferential theories of perception, these meanings arise inside animals, based upon their interactions with the physical environment. Light, for example, bumps into receptors causing a sensation. The animal (or its brain) performs inferences on the sensation, yielding a meaningful perception. In direct theories of perception, on the other hand, meaning is in the environment, and perception does not depend (...)
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  31. Michael L. Anderson & Anthony Chemero (2009). Affordances and Intentionality: Reply to Roberts. Journal of Mind and Behavior 30 (4):301.score: 15.0
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  32. Bert H. Hodges & Reuben M. Baron (1992). Values as Constraints on Affordances: Perceiving and Acting Properly. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 22 (3):263–294.score: 15.0
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  33. Traci Warkentin (2011). Interspecies Etiquette in Place Ethical Affordances in Swim-With-Dolphins Programs. Ethics and the Environment 16 (1):99-122.score: 15.0
    The places where humans meet other animals matter. This is especially true when considering encounters with animals in captivity. Myriad factors come into play in these instances, not the least of which involve the physical structures of each place and the kinds of organized activities that are offered, encouraged or discouraged there. Motivated by a strong desire to get up close to a dolphin, many people seek out tourism activities offering opportunities to "swim with dolphins." But what is the nature (...)
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  34. Harry Heft (1990). Perceiving Affordances in Context: A Reply to Chow. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 20 (3):277–284.score: 15.0
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  35. Monica Maranesi, Luca Bonini & Leonardo Fogassi (2014). Cortical Processing of Object Affordances for Self and Others' Action. Frontiers in Psychology 5.score: 15.0
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  36. Candice C. Morey (2011). Maintaining Binding in Working Memory: Comparing the Effects of Intentional Goals and Incidental Affordances. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):920-927.score: 15.0
  37. Rebecca K. Jones & Anne D. Pick (1981). Categorization and Affordances. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):292.score: 15.0
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  38. Paul Kockelman (2006). Residence in the World: Affordances, Instruments, Actions, Roles, and Identities. Semiotica 2006 (162):19-71.score: 15.0
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  39. Michael Boiger, Derya Güngör, Mayumi Karasawa & Batja Mesquita (forthcoming). Defending Honour, Keeping Face: Interpersonal Affordances of Anger and Shame in Turkey and Japan. Cognition and Emotion:1-15.score: 15.0
  40. Alan Costall & Ann Richards (2013). Canonical Affordances: The Psychology of Everyday Things. In Paul Graves-Brown, Rodney Harrison & Angela Piccini (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World. Oup Oxford. 82.score: 15.0
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  41. Gary Hatfield (1991). Representation in Perception and Cognition: Connectionist Affordances. In William Ramsey, Stephen P. Stich & D. Rumelhart (eds.), Philosophy and Connectionist Theory. Lawrence Erlbaum. 163--95.score: 15.0
  42. Filomena Anelli, Anna M. Borghi & Roberto Nicoletti (2012). Grasping the Pain: Motor Resonance with Dangerous Affordances. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (4):1627-1639.score: 15.0
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  43. Emanuele Bardone (2010). Affordances as Abductive Anchors. In. In W. Carnielli L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. 135--157.score: 15.0
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  44. Jelle Bruineberg & Erik Rietveld (2014). Self-Organization, Free Energy Minimization, and Optimal Grip on a Field of Affordances. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.score: 15.0
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  45. R. Harr (1990). Tracks and Affordances: The Sources of a Physical Ontology. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 4 (2):149 – 158.score: 15.0
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  46. L. Magnani & E. Bardone (2008). Sharing Representations and Creating Chances Through Cognitive Niche Construction. The Role of Affordances and Abduction. In S. Iwata, Y. Oshawa, S. Tsumoto, N. Zhong, Y. Shi & L. Magnani (eds.), Communications and Discoveries From Multidisciplinary Data. Springer. 3--40.score: 15.0
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  47. Hiroshi Yochi (2000). Philosophical Implications of Theory of Affordances. Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 9 (5):231-243.score: 15.0
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  48. Ruzena Bajcsy (1994). Do Object Affordances Represent the Functionality of an Object? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):202.score: 15.0
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  49. H. Helbig, M. Graf & M. Kiefer (2004). The Role of Action Affordances in Visual Object Recognition. In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell Publishing. 75-76.score: 15.0
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