Search results for 'ancient ethics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. John M. Armstrong (2001). Review of Stephen Everson, Ed., Ethics, Companions to Ancient Thought 4 (Cambridge University Press, 1998). [REVIEW] Ancient Philosophy 21 (1):237–245.score: 84.0
    I review this fine collection of articles on ancient ethics ranging from the Presocratics to Sextus Empiricus. Eight of the nine chapters are published here for the first time. Contributors include Charles H. Kahn on "Pre-Platonic Ethics," C. C. W. Taylor on "Platonic Ethics," Stephen Everson on "Aristotle on Nature and Value," John McDowell on "Some Issues in Aristotle's Moral Psychology," David Sedley on "The Inferential Foundations of Epicurean Ethics," T. H. Irwin on "Socratic Paradox (...)
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  2. Ricardo Salles (ed.) (2005). Metaphysics, Soul, and Ethics in Ancient Thought: Themes From the Work of Richard Sorabji. Oxford University Press.score: 78.0
    Leading figures in ancient philosophy present nineteen original papers on three key themes in the work of Richard Sorabji. The papers dealing with Metaphysics range from Democritus to Numenius on basic questions about the structure and nature of reality: necessitation, properties, and time. The section on Soul includes one paper on the individuation of souls in Plato and five papers on Aristotle's and Aristotelian theories of cognition, with a special emphasis on perception. The section devoted to Ethics concentrates (...)
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  3. Christopher Gill (ed.) (2005). Virtue, Norms, and Objectivity: Issues in Ancient and Modern Ethics. Oxford University Press.score: 75.0
    For much of the twentieth century it was common to contrast the characteristic forms and preoccupations of modern ethical theory with those of the ancient world. However, the last few decades have seen a growing recognition that contemporary moral philosophy now has much in common with its ancient incarnation, in areas as diverse as virtue ethics and ethical epistemology. Christopher Gill has assembled an international team to conduct a fascinating exploration of the relationship between the two (...)
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  4. Alex C. Michalos (2008). Ancient Observations on Business Ethics: Middle East Meets West. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 79 (1/2):9 - 19.score: 69.0
    Drawing on a small sample of writings from distinguished philosophers and poets living in the Middle East in the period from the eighth to the first century BCE, it is shown that a variety of business practices provided familiar examples of how people ought to act and live, morally speaking, to enjoy the best sort of life and to be the best sort of person. The writings reveal that we share a common heritage and humanity with people living 20 to (...)
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  5. Susan Sauvé Meyer (2008). Ancient Ethics: A Critical Introduction. Routledge.score: 69.0
    Plato and the pursuit of excellence -- Aristotle and the pursuit of happiness -- Epicurus and the life of pleasure -- The Stoics : following nature.
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  6. Catherine Osborne (2007). Salles (R.) (Ed.) Metaphysics, Soul, and Ethics in Ancient Thought: Themes From the Work of Richard Sorabji. Pp. X + 592. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2005. Cased, £60. ISBN: 978-0-19-926130-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 57 (02).score: 60.0
  7. Burkhard Reis & Stella Haffmans (eds.) (2006). The Virtuous Life in Greek Ethics. Cambridge University Press.score: 54.0
    There is now a renewed concern for moral psychology among moral philosophers. Moreover, contemporary philosophers interested in virtue, moral responsibility and moral progress regularly refer to Plato and Aristotle, the two founding fathers of ancient ethics. The book contains eleven chapters by distinguished scholars which showcase current research in Greek ethics. Four deal with Plato, focusing on the Protagoras, Euthydemus, Symposium and Republic, and discussing matters of literary presentation alongside the philosophical content. The four chapters on Aristotle (...)
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  8. Lionel Ignacius Cusack Pearson (1962). Popular Ethics in Ancient Greece. Stanford, Calif.,Stanford University Press.score: 54.0
    Library POPULAR ETHICS IN ANCIENT GREECE Lionel Pearson STANFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS STANFORD. ...
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  9. Julia Annas (1995). Prudence and Morality in Ancient and Modern Ethics. Ethics 105 (2):241-257.score: 52.0
    Examines prudential and moral reasoning in ancient and modern ethics. Ancient ethical theories' task of articulating the agent's overall goal; Structural differences between ancient eudaemonist theories and modern theories; Virtue as a complex intellectual kind of understanding.
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  10. Knut A. Jacobsen (1994). The Institutionalization of the Ethics of “Non-Injury” Toward All “Beings” in Ancient India. Environmental Ethics 16 (3):287-301.score: 51.0
    The principle of non-injury toward all living beings (ahimsā) in India was originally a rule restraining human interaction with the natural environment. I compare two discourses on the relationship between humans and the natural environment in ancient India: the discourse of the priestly sacrificial cult and the discourse of the renunciants. In the sacrificial cult, all living beings were conceptualized as food. The renunciants opposed this conception and favored the ethics of non-injury toward all beings (plants, animals, etc.), (...)
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  11. D. F. Tsai (1999). Ancient Chinese Medical Ethics and the Four Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (4):315-321.score: 51.0
    The four principles approach to biomedical ethics (4PBE) has, since the 1970s, been increasingly developed as a universal bioethics method. Despite its wide acceptance and popularity, the 4PBE has received many challenges to its cross-cultural plausibility. This paper first specifies the principles and characteristics of ancient Chinese medical ethics (ACME), then makes a comparison between ACME and the 4PBE with a view to testing out the 4PBE's cross-cultural plausibility when applied to one particular but very extensive and (...)
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  12. Jiyuan Yu (2010). The Practicality of Ancient Virtue Ethics: Greece and China. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (3):289-302.score: 48.0
    Virtue ethics has been charged with being unable to provide solutions to practical moral issues. In response, the defenders of virtue ethics argue that normative virtue ethics exists. The debate is significant on its own, yet both sides of the controversy approach the issue from the assumption that moral philosophy has to tell us what we should do. In this essay, I would like to examine the question regarding the practicality of virtue ethics in a different (...)
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  13. Maulana Karenga (2004). Maat, The Moral Ideal in Ancient Egypt: A Study in Classical African Ethics. Psychology Press.score: 48.0
    This work is a critical examination of Maat, the moral ideal in ancient Egypt. It seeks to present Maat in the language of modern moral discourse while at the same time preserving and building on its distinctiveness as a moral ideal capable of inspiring and maintaining ethical philosophic reflection. The effort here is one of both interpretation and transmission of an ethical tradition, a project in which tradition is seen not simply as a precondition and process in which one (...)
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  14. Stephen Everson (ed.) (1998). Ethics. Cambridge University Press.score: 48.0
    This collection of essays provides a sophisticated and accessible introduction to the moral theories of the ancient world. It covers the ethical theories of all the major philosophers and schools from the earliest times to the Hellenistic philosophers. A substantial introduction considers the question of what is distinctive about ancient ethics.
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  15. Robert Heinaman, Cooper on Ancient Ethics.score: 48.0
    This review of John Cooper's fine collection of essays Reason and Emotion focuses mainly on his paper "Contemplation and Happiness: A Reconsideration". In this article, Cooper alters his view -- found in his book Reason and Human Good in Aristotle - on the relation between the accounts of happiness in Books I and X of the Nicomachean Ethics. He now aims for an interpretation which avoids inconsistency between the accounts of happiness in Books I and X, an interpretation which (...)
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  16. Gordon Pearson & Martin Parker (2001). The Relevance of Ancient Greeks to Modern Business? A Dialogue on Business and Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 31 (4):341 - 353.score: 48.0
    What follows is a dialogue, in the Platonic sense, concerning the justifications for "business ethics" as a vehicle for asking questions about the values of modern business organisations. The protagonists are the authors, Gordon Pearson – a pragmatist and sceptic where business ethics is concerned – and Martin Parker – a sociologist and idealist who wishes to be able to ask ethical questions of business. By the end of the dialogue we come to no agreement on the necessity (...)
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  17. John David Lewis (2009). Solon of Athens and the Ethics of Good Business. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (1):123 - 138.score: 48.0
    The ancient lawgiver Solon of Athens left norms of proper conduct that carry important ethical implications for all manner of human affairs, including commercial activities and the pursuit of wealth. In his extant poetry, he emphasizes the strong connections between individual virtue and its consequences in the social and political sphere. In considering the proper means of obtaining material wealth, he describes multiple ways to earn a living and connects them to proper intellectual and ethical dispositions through a concept (...)
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  18. A. A. Long (2010). Later Ancient Ethics. In John Skorupski (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Ethics. Routledge.score: 48.0
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  19. Karen Margrethe Nielsen (2013). Ancient Ethics. In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 48.0
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  20. William J. Prior (1991). Virtue and Knowledge: An Introduction to Ancient Greek Ethics. Routledge.score: 45.0
    INTRODUCTION: VIRTUE, KNOWLEDGE, AND HAPPINESS When we think about ethics, we are apt to think about right and wrong, morality and immorality, and universal ...
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  21. Julia Annas (1992). Ancient Ethics and Modern Morality. Philosophical Perspectives 6:119-136.score: 45.0
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  22. John M. Armstrong (2009). Review of Frisbee C. C. Sheffield, Plato’s Symposium: The Ethics of Desire (Oxford University Press, 2006). [REVIEW] Ancient Philosophy 29 (1):208–212.score: 45.0
    The purpose of Sheffield’s careful study is to increase scholarly appreciation of the Symposium as a ‘substantive work in Platonic ethics’ (3). Among the book’s highlights are a persuasive response to Vlastos’ criticism of Plato on love for individuals, an eminently reasonable assessment of the evidence for and against the presence of tripartite psychology in the Symposium, and a delightful interpretation of Alcibiades’ speech at the dialogue’s end—one that reveals elements of satyr play and corroborates rather than undermines Diotima’s (...)
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  23. John M. Armstrong (2006). Review of Gabriel Richardson Lear, Happy Lives and the Highest Good: An Essay on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics (Princeton University Press, 2004). [REVIEW] Ancient Philosophy 26 (1):206–209.score: 45.0
    I review Gabriel Richardson Lear's excellent essay on Aristotle’s conception of the human good. She solves some long-standing problems in the interpretation of Aristotle’s ethics by drawing on resources in his natural philosophy and Plato’s conception of love. Her interpretation is a compelling and, to my mind, largely true account of Aristotle’s view. In this review, I summarize the book's main argument and then explain two fundamental points on which I have concerns.
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  24. Eugene Garver (2006). Confronting Aristotle's Ethics: Ancient and Modern Morality. University of Chicago Press.score: 45.0
    What is the good life? Posing this question today would likely elicit very different answers. Some might say that the good life means doing good—improving one’s community and the lives of others. Others might respond that it means doing well—cultivating one’s own abilities in a meaningful way. But for Aristotle these two distinct ideas—doing good and doing well—were one and the same and could be realized in a single life. In Confronting Aristotle’s Ethics, Eugene Garver examines how we can (...)
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  25. I. M. Kaufmann & F. J. Ruhli (2010). Without 'Informed Consent'? Ethics and Ancient Mummy Research. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (10):608-613.score: 45.0
    Ethical issues are of foremost importance in modern bio-medical science. Ethical guidelines and socio-cultural public awareness exist for modern samples, whereas for ancient mummy studies both are de facto lacking. This is particularly striking considering the fact that examinations are done without informed consent or that the investigations are invasive due to technological aspects and that it affects personality traits. The aim of this study is to show the pro and contra arguments of ancient mummy research from an (...)
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  26. J. Bos (2009). The Rise and Decline of Character: Humoral Psychology in Ancient and Early Modern Medical Theory. History of the Human Sciences 22 (3):29-50.score: 45.0
    Humoralism, the view that the human body is composed of a limited number of elementary fluids, is one of the most characteristic aspects of ancient medicine. The psychological dimension of humoral theory in the ancient world has thus far received a relatively small amount of scholarly attention. Medical psychology in the ancient world can only be correctly understood by relating it to psychological thought in other fields, such as ethics and rhetoric. The concept that ties these (...)
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  27. John M. Rist (1982). Human Value: A Study in Ancient Philosophical Ethics. E.J. Brill.score: 45.0
    INTRODUCTION The Problem of Human Value in Ancient Philosophy All of us have heard it said, at some time or another, that every man is born with certain ...
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  28. Eugenio Benitez (2004). Ancient Ethics S. Everson: Ethics. Companions to Ancient Thought 4 . Pp. VII + 300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Paper, £15.95 (Cased, £45). Isbn: 0-521-38832-5 (0-521-38161-4 Hbk). [REVIEW] The Classical Review 54 (02):430-.score: 45.0
  29. Fiona Leigh (ed.) (2012). The Eudemian Ethics on the Voluntary, Friendship, and Luck: The Sixth S.V. Keeling Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy. Brill.score: 45.0
    The papers in this collection on Aristotle’s Eudemian Ethics by Charles, Rowe, McCabe, Whiting, and Buddensiek, offer new readings of Aristotle on the voluntary, friendship, and good fortune in the EE, by treating the EE on its own terms.
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  30. Eugenio Benitez (forthcoming). Ancient Ethics. Classical Review.score: 45.0
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  31. Jon Miller (ed.) (2013). The Reception of Aristotle's Ethics. Cambridge University Press.score: 45.0
    A new collection of thirteen essays, covering the reception of Aristotle's ethics from the ancient world to the twentieth century. Provides both a history of reception and conceptual analysis for each figure or school.
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  32. Lieve Van Hoof (2010). Plutarch's Practical Ethics: The Social Dynamics of Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 42.0
    This book, which transcends the boundaries between literature, social history, and philosophy, studies Plutarch's practical ethics, a group of twenty-odd texts ...
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  33. Jonathan Barnes, Benjamin Morison & Katerina Ierodiakonou (eds.) (2011). Episteme, Etc.: Essays in Honour of Jonathan Barnes. Oxford University Press.score: 42.0
    Sixteen authors, including some of the most distinguished scholars of our time, present essays which together reflect the impressive scope of Jonathan Barnes's contributions to philosophy, and in particular to the study of ancient philosophy. Six are on knowledge, five on logic and metaphysics, five on ethics.
     
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  34. Manorama Jauhari (1968). Politics and Ethics in Ancient India. Varanasi, Bharatiya Vidya Prakashan.score: 42.0
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  35. Susan Ashbrook Harvey (2013). Liturgy and Ethics in Ancient Syriac Christianity: Two Paradigms. Studies in Christian Ethics 26 (3):300-316.score: 40.0
    Early Syriac Christianity presents two notable paradigms for understanding liturgy as a means for the ethical formation of the congregation. Ephrem the Syrian (d. 373) in his hymns for the Nativity vigil, and Jacob of Sarug (d. 521) in his verse homilies, each addressed their congregations in ways that utilized ritual participation in the liturgy for ethical and moral cultivation. Ephrem sought to instill his congregation with a biblical and theological understanding of the Nativity that would yield ethical enactment in (...)
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  36. Julia Annas (1993). The Morality of Happiness. Oxford University Press.score: 39.0
    Ancient ethical theories, based on the notions of virtue and happiness, have struck many as an attractive alternative to modern theories. But we cannot find out whether this is true until we understand ancient ethics--and to do this we need to examine the basic structure of ancient ethical theory, not just the details of one or two theories. In this book, Annas brings together the results of a wide-ranging study of ancient ethical philosophy and presents (...)
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  37. Julia Annas (1999). Platonic Ethics, Old and New. Cornell University Press.score: 39.0
    Offers a fundamental reexamination of Plato's ethical thought, highlighting the differences between ancient & modern assumptions & stressing the need to be ...
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  38. A. W. H. Adkins (1994). Book Review:AIDOS: The Psychology and Ethics of Honour and Shame in Ancient Greek Literature. Douglas L. Cairns. [REVIEW] Ethics 105 (1):181-.score: 39.0
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  39. J. David Blankenship (1993). Virtue and Knowledge: An Introduction to Ancient Greek Ethics. Ancient Philosophy 13 (2):463-467.score: 39.0
  40. Maolin Li, Xianshi Jin & Qisheng Tang (2012). Policies, Regulations, and Eco-Ethical Wisdom Relating to Ancient Chinese Fisheries. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (1):33-54.score: 39.0
    Marine ecosystems are in serious troubles globally, largely due to the failures of fishery resources management. To restore and conserve fishery ecosystems, we need new and effective governance systems urgently. This research focuses on fisheries management in ancient China. We found that from 5,000 years ago till early modern era, Chinese ancestors had been constantly enthusiastic about sustainable utilization of fisheries resources and natural balance of fishery development. They developed numerous rigorous policies and regulations to guide people to act (...)
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  41. Asli Gocer (1999). Stephen Everson, Ed., Companions to Ancient Thought 4: Ethics:Companions to Ancient Thought 4: Ethics. Ethics 110 (1):194-198.score: 39.0
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  42. Leopold Schmidt (1891). The Unity of the Ethics of Ancient Greece. International Journal of Ethics 2 (1):1-10.score: 39.0
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  43. S. W. Norwich (1998). Book Reviews : Christians Among the Virtues: Theological Conversations with Ancient and Modern Ethics, by Stanley Hauerwas, Charles Pinches. Univer Sity of Notre Dame Press (London: Eurospan) 1997. 227 Pp. Hb. 23.95. ISBN 0-268-00817-5, Pb. 13.50. ISBN 0-268-00819-. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 11 (2):121-125.score: 39.0
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  44. Douglas L. Cairns (1994). [Book Review] Aidos, the Psychology and Ethics of Honour and Shame in Ancient Greek Literature. [REVIEW] Ethics 105 (1):181-183.score: 39.0
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  45. Rachana Kamtekar (2013). 2 Ancient Virtue Ethics An Overview with an Emphasis on Practical Wisdom. In Daniel C. Russell (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Virtue Ethics. Cambridge University Press. 29.score: 39.0
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  46. Martha Craven Nussbaum (2001). The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.score: 39.0
    This book is a study of ancient views about 'moral luck'. It examines the fundamental ethical problem that many of the valued constituents of a well-lived life are vulnerable to factors outside a person's control, and asks how this affects our appraisal of persons and their lives. The Greeks made a profound contribution to these questions, yet neither the problems nor the Greek views of them have received the attention they deserve. This book thus recovers a central dimension of (...)
     
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  47. R. Naga Raja Sarma (1931). Ethics of Divorce in Ancient India. International Journal of Ethics 41 (3):329-342.score: 39.0
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  48. Charles W. Super (1913). Some Weak Points in Ancient Greek Ethics. International Journal of Ethics 23 (2):176-193.score: 39.0
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  49. Darrel W. Amundsen (1996). Medicine, Society, and Faith in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 39.0
    In Medicine, Society, and Faith in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds Darrel Amundsen explores the disputed boundaries of medicine and Christianity by focusing on the principle of the sanctity of human life, including the duty to treat or attempt to sustain the life of the ill. As he examines his themes and moves from text to context, Amundsen clarifies a number of Christian principles in relation to bioethical issues that are hotly debated today. In his examination of the moral (...)
     
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  50. Natural Law Aquinas & Aristotelian Eudaimonism (2006). Many Students of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics Recognize the Value of Comparisons Between Aristotle and Modern Moralists. We Are Familiar with Some of the Ways in Which Reflection on Hume, Kant, Mill, Sidgwick, and More Recent Moral Theorists Can Throw Light on Aristotle. The Light May Come Either From Recognition of Similarities or From a Sharper Awareness of Differences.“Themes Ancient and Modern” is a Familiar Part of the Contemporary Study of Aristotle That Needs No Further Commendation. [REVIEW] In Richard Kraut (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Blackwell Pub..score: 39.0
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