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Graham Oppy [142]Graham Robert Oppy [6]
  1. Graham Oppy, Arguments for the Existence of God.
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  2. Graham Oppy, Ill: InterVarsity Press.
    This book is an interesting addition to the anti-evolution literature. (For a nice survey of this literature up until 1992, see Tom McIver's Anti-Evolution: A Reader's Guide to Writings Before and After Darwin Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.) I shall provide a fairly detailed examination of it here, divided into sections according to the table of contents. Those who don't wish to read the whole review should skip to the bits in which they are most interested. Those who only (...)
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  3. Graham Oppy, Philosophy.
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  4. Graham Oppy, Review of Reason for the Hope Within (2005). [REVIEW]
    Chapter 1: "Reason for Hope (in the Post-modern World)" by Michael J. Murray Chapter 2: "Theistic Arguments" by William C. Davis Chapter 3: "A Scientific Argument for the Existence of God: The Fine- Tuning Design Argument" by Robin Collins Chapter 4: "God, Evil and Suffering" by Daniel Howard Snyder Chapter 5: "Arguments for Atheism" by John O'Leary Hawthorne Chapter 6: "Faith and Reason" by Caleb Miller Chapter 7: "Religious Pluralism" by Timothy O'Connor Chapter 8: "Eastern Religions" by Robin Collins (...)
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  5. Graham Oppy, Science, Religion and Infinity.
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  6. Graham Oppy, Inverse Operations with Transfinite Numbers and the Kalam Cosmological Argument (1995).
    In "Reply To Smith: On The Finitude Of The Past" [1], Professor William Craig writes: I reiterate that Smith has yet to deal with my strongest arguments in favour of the impossibility of the existence of an actual infinite, those based on inverse operations performed with transfinite numbers. [2] I think that this claim is mistaken; for: (i) there is no problem about allowing the inverse operations in question--subtraction, division, extracting roots, etc.--into transfinite ordinal arithmetic[3]; and (ii) there is no (...)
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  7. Graham Oppy, Library: Modern: : Review of R.C. Sproul's Not a Chance. [REVIEW]
    As the chapter headings--and title--reveal, the book is about the role of causation and chance in modern science, and, in particular, in modern cosmology. However, because the book is shot through with serious conceptual confusion, anyone who is interested in actually learning something about the role of causation and chance in modern science is advised to look elsewhere.
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  8. Graham Oppy, Library: Modern: : Review of Andrea Weisberger's Suffering Belief. [REVIEW]
    Perhaps almost all non-theists will agree that ‘the problem of evil’ has some role in their reasons for rejecting traditional Western theism. When they consult their intuitions, non-theists typically do not find it credible to suppose that this is the kind of world which could have been created by an all-powerful, all-knowing, all-good being. Moreover, when they review their reasons for non-belief, non-theists typically find that a catalogue of the amounts and kinds of evils which are to be found in (...)
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  9. Graham Oppy, Minimalism, Fiction and Ethical Truth.
    Consider truth predicates. Minimalist analyses of truth predicates may involve commitment to some of the following claims: (i) truth “predicates” are not genuine predicates -- either because the truth “predicate” disappears under paraphrase or translation into deep structure, or because the truth “predicate” is shown to have a non-predicative function by performative or expressivist analysis, or because truth “predicates” must be traded in for predicates of the form “true-in-L”; (ii) truth predicates express ineligible, non-natural, gerrymandered properties; (iii) truth predicates express (...)
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  10. Graham Oppy, Mereological Ontological Arguments and Pantheism (19??).
    The status of premise 1 is controversial: friends of two dimensional modal logic (and others) will be reluctant to grant that the proposition that I exist is both contingent and knowable a priori (even by me). Instead, they will insist that all that I know a priori is that the sentence "I exist" expresses some true proposition or other when I token it. But, of course, even that will suffice for the purposes of the argument. Provided that I know a (...)
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  11. Graham Oppy, Review of Dean L. Overman (1997) a Case Against Accident and Self-Organisation New York: Rowman & Littlefield. [REVIEW]
    To judge from the dust-jacket, this book has received a considerable amount of praise--and not just from the usual suspects. In particular, the publishers seem keen to promulgate the view that there is widespread support for the claim that Overman makes a clear, compelling, and well-argued case for the conclusions which he wishes to defend. However, it seems to me that those cited on the dust-jacket--Pannenberg ("lucid and sobering arguments"), Polkinghorne ("scrupulously argued"), Nicholi ("compelling logic and carefully reasoned argument"), Kaita (...)
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  12. Graham Oppy, Reply to Professor Craig (1995).
    I hold that the considerations adduced in kalam cosmological arguments do not embody reasons for reflective atheists and agnostics to embrace the conclusion of those arguments, viz. that the universe had a cause of its existence. I do not claim to be able to show that reflective theists could not reasonably believe that those arguments are sound; indeed, I am prepared to concede that it is epistemically possible that the arguments procede validly from true premises. However, I am prepared to (...)
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  13. Graham Oppy, Some Emendations to Leftow's Arguments About Time and Eternity (1998).
    At p.23, Leftow argues that, as a matter of physical necessity, no parcel of matter follows a discontinuous spatial path. He then uses this conclusion as a premise in a further argument to the conclusion that no non-theistic scenarios involving contingently existing entities could yield a sure way to gain evidence that a second time series exists. I think that there may be non-theistic scenarios involving contingently existing entities which yield ways of gaining evidence of other time series -- it (...)
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  14. Graham Oppy, Time, Successive Addition, and Kalam Cosmological Arguments.
    Craig (1981) presents and defends several different kalam cosmological arguments. The core of each of these arguments is the following ur argument.
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  15. Graham Oppy (ed.) (forthcoming). Acumen Handbook of Philosophy of Religion. Acumen.
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  16. Graham Oppy (ed.) (forthcoming). Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy of Religion. Acumen.
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  17. Graham Oppy (forthcoming). Ontological Arguments. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  18. Graham Oppy, Nick Trakakis, Steve Gardner, Fiona Leigh & Lynda Burns (eds.) (forthcoming). Companion to Philosophy in Australasia. Monash e-Press.
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  19. Graham Oppy & Nick Trakakis (eds.) (2014). History of Philosophy in Australia and New Zealand. Springer.
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  20. Graham Oppy (2013). Arguments for Atheism. In Stephen Bullivant & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Atheism. Oxford University Press. 53.
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  21. Graham Oppy & Mark Saward (2013). Molinism and Divine Prophecy of Free Actions. Religious Studies:1-10.
    Among challenges to Molinism, the challenge posed by divine prophecy of human free action has received insufficient attention. We argue that this challenge is a significant addition to the array of challenges that confront Molinism.
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  22. Graham Oppy (2012). Conflicting Worldviews. The Philosophers' Magazine 59 (59):90-94.
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  23. Graham Oppy (2012). Maydole on Ontological Arguments. In Miroslaw Szatkowski (ed.), Ontological Proofs Today. Ontos Verlag. 445.
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  24. Graham Oppy (2012). Response to IVIaydOIe. In Miroslaw Szatkowski (ed.), Ontological Proofs Today. Ontos Verlag. 50--487.
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  25. Graham Oppy (2012). Response to Maydole. In Miroslaw Szatkowski (ed.), Ontological Proofs Today. Ontos Verlag. 50--487.
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  26. Graham Oppy (2012). Western Philosophy. In Charles Taliaferro, Victoria Harrison & Stewart Goetz (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Theism. Routledge. 11.
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  27. Fred Evans, Allan Gotthelf, James G. Lennox, Jesus Ilundain-Agurruza, Michael W. Austin, Timothy O'Connor, Constantine Sandis, Graham Oppy, Michael Scott & Roland Pierik (2011). Chalmers, David J. The Character of Consciousness, Oxford University Press, 2010, 624 Pp. Cliteur, Paul. The Secular Outlook: In Defense of Moral and Political Secularism, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, 328 Pp. Cochran, Molly. The Cambridge Companion to Dewey, Cambridge Uni. [REVIEW] Metaphilosophy 42 (3):0026-1068.
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  28. Graham Oppy (2011). Critical Notice of J. P. Moreland's 'Consciousness and the Existence of God'. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 3 (1):193 - 212.
    This critical study focusses on chapter eight ("Science and Strong Physicalism") and chapter nine ("AC, Dualism and the Fear of God") in J. P. Moreland’s ’Consciousness and the Existence of God: A Theistic Argument’ (Routledge, 2008), but also pays some attention to material in chapter two ("The Argument from Consciousness"). I argue against Moreland’s ’autonomy thesis’ (roughly, the claim that, in principle, most philosophical questions can be answered without relying on science), and his contention that it is fear of God (...)
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  29. Graham Oppy (2011). God and Infinity: Directions for Future Research. In Michał Heller & W. H. Woodin (eds.), Infinity: New Research Frontiers. Cambridge University Press. 233.
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  30. Graham Oppy (2011). O'Connor's Cosmological Argument. Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion: Vol. 3 3:166.
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  31. Graham Oppy (2011). Perfection, Near-Perfection, Maximality, and Anselmian Theism. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 69 (2):119-138.
    Anselmian theists claim (a) that there is a being than which none greater can be conceived; and (b) that it is knowable on purely—solely, entirely—a priori grounds that there is a being than which none greater can be conceived. In this paper, I argue that Anselmian Theism gains traction by conflating different interpretations of the key description ‘being than which no greater can be conceived’. In particular, I insist that it is very important to distinguish between ideal excellence and maximal (...)
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  32. Graham Robert Oppy & Nick Trakakis (eds.) (2011). The Antipodean Philosopher. Lexington Books.
    v. 1. Public lectures on philosophy in Australia and New Zealand -- 2. Interviews with Australian and New Zealand philosophers.
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  33. Charles R. Twardy, Kevin B. Korb, Graham Oppy & Toby Handfield (2011). Actual Causation by Probabilistic Active Paths. Philosophy of Science 78 (5):900-913.
    We present a probabilistic extension to active path analyses of token causation (Halpern & Pearl 2001, forthcoming; Hitchcock 2001). The extension uses the generalized notion of intervention presented in (Korb et al. 2004): we allow an intervention to set any probability distribution over the intervention variables, not just a single value. The resulting account can handle a wide range of examples. We do not claim the account is complete --- only that it fills an obvious gap in previous active-path approaches. (...)
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  34. Graham Oppy (2010). Disagreement. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 68 (1):183-199.
    There has been a recent explosion of interest in the epistemology of disagreement. Much of the recent literature is concerned with a particular range of puzzle cases (discussed in the Cases section of my paper). Almost all of the papers that contribute to that recent literature make mention of questions about religious disagreement in ways that suggest that there are interesting connections between those puzzle cases and real life cases of religious disagreement. One important aim of my paper is to (...)
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  35. Graham Oppy (2010). Epistemological Foundations for Koons' Cosmological Argument? European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 2 (1):107 - 125.
    Some people -- including the present author -- have proposed and defended alternative restricted causal principles that block Robert Koons’s ’new’ cosmological argument without undermining the intuition that causation is very close to ubiquitous. In "Epistemological Foundations for the Cosmological Argument", Koons argues that any restricted causal principles that are insufficient for the purposes of his cosmological argument cause epistemological collapse into general scepticism. In this paper I argue, against Koons, that there is no reason to suppose that my favourite (...)
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  36. Graham Oppy, Evolution Vs Creationism in Australian Schools.
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  37. Graham Oppy, Introducing Philosophy of Religion - by Chad Meister.
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  38. Graham Oppy (2010). Langtry on God, the Best and Evil. Sophia 49 (4):591-601.
    Bruce Langtry's ‘God, the Best and Evil’ is a fine contribution to the literature. Here, I review the contents of the book, and then provide some critical remarks that, as fas as I know, have not been made elsewhere. In particular, I argue that his criticism of my formulations of logical arguments from evil (in my Arguing about Gods) is unsuccessful.
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  39. Graham Oppy (2010). Nagel on Religion, Politics and Humanity. Analysis 70 (3):562-567.
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  40. Graham Oppy (2010). Review of Owen Anderson, The Clarity of God's Existence: The Ethics of Belief After the Enlightenment. [REVIEW] Sophia 49 (2):301-308.
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  41. Graham Oppy (2010). The Ontological Argument From Descartes to Hegel (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (2):pp. 243-245.
  42. Graham Oppy, The Shapes of Causal Reality.
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  43. Graham Oppy (2010). Uncaused Beginnings. Faith and Philosophy 27 (1):61-71.
    I defend the view that it is possible for reality to have a contingent initial state under the causal relation even though it is impossible for any other (non-overlapping) parts of reality to have no cause. I claim that, while there are good theoretical and commonsense grounds for maintaining that it is simply not possible for non-initial parts of reality to have no cause, these good grounds do not require one to claim that it is impossible that reality has an (...)
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  44. Graham Robert Oppy & Michael Scott (eds.) (2010). Reading Philosophy of Religion: Selected Texts with Interactive Commentary. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Reading Philosophy of Religion combines a diverse selection of classical and contemporary texts in philosophy of religion with insightful commentaries.Offers a ...
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  45. Graham Oppy & N. N. Trakakis (eds.) (2010). A Companion to Philosophy in Australia and New Zealand. Monash University Publishing.
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  46. Graham Oppy, Anslem's First Argument.
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  47. Graham Oppy (2009). Cosmological Arguments. Noûs 43 (1):31-48.
  48. Graham Oppy (2009). Craig's Kalam Cosmology. Philo 12 (2):200-216.
    Hypotheses about the shape of causal reality admit of both theistic and non-theistic interpretations. I argue that, on the simplest hypotheses about the causal shape of reality—infinite regress, contingent initial boundary, necessary initial boundary—there is good reason to suppose that non-theism is always either preferable to, or at least the equal of, theism, at least insofar as we restrict our attention merely to the domain of explanation of existence. Moreover, I suggest that it is perfectly proper for naturalists to be (...)
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  49. Graham Oppy (2009). Gods. In Jonathan L. Kvanvig (ed.), Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion: Volume 2. Oup Oxford.
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  50. Graham Oppy (2009). Pruss's Ontological Arguments. Religious Studies 45 (3):355-363.
    First, I suggest that it is possible to make some further improvements upon the Gödelian ontological arguments that Pruss develops. Then, I argue that it is possible to parody Pruss's Gödelian ontological arguments in a way that shows that they make no contribution towards 'lowering the probability of atheism and raising the probability of theism'. I conclude with some remarks about ways in which the arguments of this paper can be extended to apply to the whole family of Gödelian ontological (...)
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