Search results for 'animal experimentation' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Roman Kolar (2006). Animal Experimentation. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (1):111-122.score: 90.0
    Millions of animals are used every year in oftentimes extremely painful and distressing scientific procedures. Legislation of animal experimentation in modern societies is based on the supposition that this is ethically acceptable when certain more or less defined formal (e.g. logistical, technical) demands and ethical principles are met. The main parameters in this context correspond to the “3Rs” concept as defined by Russel and Burch in 1959, i.e. that all efforts to replace, reduce and refine experiments must be (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. M. Fox & Animal Experimentation (1987). A Philosophers Changing Views. Between the Species 3 (2):55-80.score: 80.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Anders Nordgren (2002). Animal Experimentation: Pro and Con Arguments Using the Theory of Evolution. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (1):23-31.score: 78.0
    The theory of evolution has beenused in arguments regarding animalexperimentation. Two such arguments areanalyzed, one against and one in favor. Eachargument stresses the relevance of the theoryof evolution to normative ethics but attemptsexplicitly to avoid the so-called naturalisticfallacy.According to the argument against animalexperimentation, the theory of evolution`undermines' the idea of a special humandignity and supports `moral individualism'. Thelatter view implies that if it is wrong to usehumans in experiments, then it is also wrong touse animals, unless there are relevantdifferences between (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Ruth Friedman (ed.) (1987). Animal Experimentation and Animal Rights. Oryx Press.score: 75.0
  5. Julia Tanner (2011). Rowlands, Rawlsian Justice and Animal Experimentation. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (5):569-587.score: 74.0
    Mark Rowlands argues that, contrary to the dominant view, a Rawlsian theory of justice can legitimately be applied to animals. One of the implications of doing so, Rowlands argues, is an end to animal experimentation. I will argue, contrary to Rowlands, that under a Rawlsian theory there may be some circumstances where it is justifiable to use animals as experimental test subjects (where the individual animals are benefited by the experiments).
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Jane Johnson (2013). Vulnerable Subjects? The Case of Nonhuman Animals in Experimentation. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (4):497-504.score: 63.0
    The concept of vulnerability is deployed in bioethics to, amongst other things, identify and remedy harms to participants in research, yet although nonhuman animals in experimentation seem intuitively to be vulnerable, this concept and its attendant protections are rarely applied to research animals. I want to argue, however, that this concept is applicable to nonhuman animals and that a new taxonomy of vulnerability developed in the context of human bioethics can be applied to research animals. This taxonomy does useful (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Nathan Nobis (2007). A Rational Defense of Animal Experimentation. Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):49-62.score: 60.0
    Many people involved in the life sciences and related fields and industries routinely cause mice, rats, dogs, cats, primates and other non-human animals to experience pain, suffering, and an early death, harming these animals greatly and not for their own benefit. Harms, however, require moral justification, reasons that pass critical scrutiny. Animal experimenters and dissectors might suspect that strong moral justification has been given for this kind of treatment of animals. I survey some recent attempts to provide such a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Donna Yarri (2005). The Ethics of Animal Experimentation: A Critical Analysis and Constructive Christian Proposal. OUP USA.score: 60.0
    The ethical treatment of animals has become an issue of serious moral concern. Many people are challenging long-held assumptions about animals and raising questions about their status and their treatment. What is the relationship between humans and animals? Do animals have moral standing? Do we have direct or indirect duties to animals? Does human benefit always outweigh animal suffering? The use of animals for experimentation raises all of these questions in a particularly insistent way. Donna Yarri offers an (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. J. Martin (1990). The Rights of Man and Animal Experimentation. Journal of Medical Ethics 16 (3):160-161.score: 60.0
    Since emotions give contradictory signals about animal experimentation in medical science, man's relationship to animals must be based upon reason. Thomas Aquinas argues that man is essentially different from animals because man's intellectual processes show evidence of an abstract mechanism not possessed by animals. Man's rights arise in association with this essential difference. The consequence is that only man possesses true rights by Aquinas's definition; animals have them only by analogy. However, cruelty to animals is illicit and they (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Jac A. A. Swart (2004). The Wild Animal as a Research Animal. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (2):181-197.score: 54.0
    Most discussions on animal experimentation refer to domesticated animals and regulations are tailored to this class of animals. However, wild animals are also used for research, e.g., in biological field research that is often directed to fundamental ecological-evolutionary questions or to conservation goals. There are several differences between domesticated and wild animals that are relevant for evaluation of the acceptability of animal experiments. Biological features of wild animals are often more critical as compared with domesticated animals because (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Czesław Radzikowski (2006). Protection of Animal Research Subjects. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (1):103-110.score: 54.0
    The use of experimental animals, mostly rodents, in biomedical research and especially in oncology and immunology should be acknowledged with respect, recognizing the contribution of animal experimentation in the fascinating scientific progress in these disciplines of research. It is an obligation of the investigator to justify the scientific and ethical aspects of each study requiring the use of animals. The international guiding principles for using animals in biomedical research are well defined and have been distributed worldwide by the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Joel Marks (2013). Animal Abolitionism Meets Moral Abolitionism. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (4):1-11.score: 54.0
    The use of other animals for human purposes is as contentious an issue as one is likely to find in ethics. And this is so not only because there are both passionate defenders and opponents of such use, but also because even among the latter there are adamant and diametric differences about the bases of their opposition. In both disputes, the approach taken tends to be that of applied ethics, by which a position on the issue is derived from a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Hugh LaFollette & Niall Shanks (1994). Animal Experimentation: The Legacy of Claude Bernard. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (3):195 – 210.score: 48.0
    Claude Bernard, the father of scientific physiology, believed that if medicine was to become truly scientiifc, it would have to be based on rigorous and controlled animal experiments. Bernard instituted a paradigm which has shaped physiological practice for most of the twentieth century. ln this paper we examine how Bernards commitment to hypothetico-deductivism and determinism led to (a) his rejection of the theory of evolution; (b) his minima/ization of the role of clinical medicine and epidemiological studies; and (c) his (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Nathan Nobis (forthcoming). So Why Does Animal Experimentation Matter? American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1).score: 48.0
    Frey sets the challenge for the other authors: to explain why, morally, no humans can be subject to the kinds of experiments that animals are subject to and to explain how researchers can reliablyuse animal models to understand and cure human disease. He thinks that the first challenge has not been met; the second challenge is, unfortunately, not directly addressed in this book. Adrian Morrison states that he “abhors” positions like Frey’s, Peter Singer’s and Tom Regan’s. He asserts that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Richard Hull, Philosophical Foundations of Animal Experimentation and its Critics.score: 48.0
    I come before you today at the invitation of your Colloquium Chair, Professor Claes Lundgren. It was his thought that a colloquium session devoted to some of the foundational questions, or presuppositions, of animal might prove interesting. Such an examination may have several aims. 1) It provides an opportunity to reflect on and review together a common activity that, in the perceptions of some concerned fellow citizens and in the history of the discipline of physiology, has had some highly (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Clifton P. Flynn (2011). Review For Our Children: The Ethics of Animal Experimentation in the Age of Genetic Engineering Nordgren Anders Rodopi Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Journal of Animal Ethics 1 (2):230-232.score: 48.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Emery M. Roe (1989). Nonsense, Fate, and Policy Analysis: The Case of Animal Rights and Experimentation. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 6 (4):21-29.score: 48.0
    Animal rights and experimentation have become the focus of a major controversy in the United States, with acute implications for animal-related research in the laboratories and veterinary schools of many American universities. To date, efforts to reduce fundamental disagreements between animal researchers and animal welfare groups or to redefine their differences in ways that satisfy all concerned have by and large not been successful. In such situations where it is not possible to identify a middle (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Regulations Governing (2008). Regulating Animal Experimentation. In Susan J. Armstrong & Richard George Botzler (eds.), The Animal Ethics Reader. Routledge. 334.score: 48.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Tom L. Beauchamp (1997). Opposing Views on Animal Experimentation: Do Animals Have Rights? Ethics and Behavior 7 (2):113 – 121.score: 46.0
    Animals have moral standing; that is, they have properties (including the ability to feel pain) that qualify them for the protections of morality. It follows from this that humans have moral obligations toward animals, and because rights are logically correlative to obligations, animals have rights.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Denise Russell (1997). Animal Experimentation in Psychology and the Question of Scientific Merit. Ethics and the Environment 2 (1):43 - 52.score: 46.0
    Nonhuman animals are widely used in psychological research and the level of suffering and death is high. This is usually said to be justified by appealing to the scientific merit of the research. This article looks at notions of scientific merit, queries whether they are as clear-cut as commonly supposed, and argues that with contemporary conceptions it is too easy for any research to count as meritorious. A tightening of the notion of scientific merit is suggested, providing a ground for (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Hayley Rose Glaholt (2012). Vivisection as War: The Moral Diseases of Animal Experimentation and Slavery in British Victorian Quaker Pacifist Ethics. Society and Animals 20 (2):154-172.score: 46.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Corwin R. Kruse (1998). Who Said That? Status Presentation in Media Accounts of the Animal Experimentation Debate. Society and Animals 6 (3):235-243.score: 46.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Elizabeth S. Paul (1995). Us and Them : Scientists' and Animal Rights Campaigners' Views of the Animal Experimentation Debate. Society and Animals 3 (1):1-21.score: 46.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Thaddeus Metz (2010). African and Western Moral Theories in a Bioethical Context. Developing World Bioethics 10 (1):49-58.score: 45.0
    The field of bioethics is replete with applications of moral theories such as utilitarianism and Kantianism. For a given dilemma, even if it is not clear how one of these western philosophical principles of right (and wrong) action would resolve it, one can identify many of the considerations that each would conclude is relevant. The field is, in contrast, largely unaware of an African account of what all right (and wrong) actions have in common and of the sorts of factors (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. R. G. Frey (1996). Medicine, Animal Experimentation, and the Moral Problem of Unfortunate Humans. Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (02):181-.score: 45.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Nathan Nobis (2003). So Why Does Animal Experimentation Matter? Review of Ellen Frankel Paul and Jeffrey Paul, Eds. 2001. Why Animal Experimentation Matters: The Use of Animals in Medical Research. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):1 – 2.score: 45.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Alcino Eduardo Bonella (2013). A ética no uso de animais. Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 17 (2):11-41.score: 45.0
    This article discusses the use of nonhuman animals in three related aspects: 1) factual aspects about the treatment that we, humans, dispense to other animals, especially in meat and animal experimentation industries; 2) evaluative issues about the ethics of this treatment as we see in the ethical arguments pro (Singer; Regan) and contra (Naverson; Cohen); 3) some practical aspects about what we should to do. The ethical evaluation gives fundaments to the practical aspects that we conclude, with suggestions (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Michael Wreen & Peter Amadio (1987). The Case for Animal Experimentation: An Evolutionary and Ethical Perspective Michael Allen Fox Berkeley, Ca: University of California Press, 1986. Pp. Xiv, 262. $18.95. [REVIEW] Dialogue 26 (03):597-.score: 45.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Hugh LaFollette & Niall Shanks (1997). Brute Science: Dilemmas of Animal Experimentation. Routledge.score: 45.0
    "This book . . . is everything a philosophical tome should be: timely, important, factually informed, responsive to the scholarly literature, analytical, scrupulously fair, and rigorously, vigorously argued. It is, if I may say so, a model specimen of practical ethics." Keith Burgess-Jackson Ethics and the Environment).
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Joel Marks (2012). Accept No Substitutes: The Ethics of Alternatives. Hastings Center Report 42 (s1):S16-S18.score: 45.0
    It is common to argue that animal experimentation is justified by its essential contribution to the advancement of medical science. But note that this argument actually contains two premises: an empirical claim that animal experimentation is essential to the advancement of medical science and an ethical claim that if research is essential to the advancement of medical science, then it is justified. Both claims are open to challenge, but in the logic of the case, only one (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. D. Clough (2007). Book Review: Donna Yarri, The Ethics of Animal Experimentation: A Critical Analysis and Constructive Christian Proposal (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005). Xii + 220 Pp. N.P. (Hb), ISBN 0 19 518179. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 20 (3):449-452.score: 45.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. David Benatar (1999). Hugh LaFollette and Niall Shanks, Brute Science: Dilemmas of Animal Experimentation:Brute Science: Dilemmas of Animal Experimentation. Ethics 110 (1):207-211.score: 45.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. David Sztybel (2006). A Living Will Clause for Supporters of Animal Experimentation. Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2):173–189.score: 45.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Gail A. Van Norman (2010). Animal Subjects Research Part II: Ethics of Animal Experimentation. In G. A. van Norman, S. Jackson, S. H. Rosenbaum & S. K. Palmer (eds.), Clinical Ethics in Anesthesiology. Cambridge University Press.score: 45.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Hugo Cousillas (2013). Experimentation animale et éthique. Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 11 (11):111-116.score: 45.0
    L’expérimentation animale consiste à tester chez l›animal des questions que l›on se pose chez l’Homme. En recherches appliquées, ces expérimentations nous fournissent des données essentielles dans la lutte contre les maladies humaines ainsi qu’en médecine vétérinaire. Em recherches fondamentales, ces expérimentations qui permettent de mieux connaitre l’Homme et l’Animal nous montrent que le fossé que certains voient entre l’espèce humaine et les animaux n’a probablement pas l’importance qu’on lui donne. Ces recherches nous montrent que certains animaux ont quelquefois (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. M. Parascandola (1997). Review. Brute Science: Dilemmas of Animal Experimentation. Hugh LaFollette, Niall Shanks. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (4):621-624.score: 45.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Peter C. Grosvenor (2003). Why Animal Experimentation Matters: The Use of Animals in Medical Research (Review). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 46 (3):465-468.score: 45.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. P. R. Sedgwick (1994). Animal Experimentation: The Moral Issues. Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (1):59-59.score: 45.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Anita Guerrini (forthcoming). The Ethics of Animal Experimentation in Seventeenth-Century England. Journal of the History of Ideas.score: 45.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Hugh LaFollette & Niall Shanks (1993). The Intact Systems Argument: Problems with the Standard Defense of Animal Experimentation. Southern Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):323-333.score: 45.0
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Stephen R. Latham (2012). US Law and Animal Experimentation: A Critical Primer. Hastings Center Report 42 (s1):S35 - S39.score: 45.0
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Irene Sonia Switankowsly (2012). The Ethics of Animal Experimentation: A Critical Analysis and Constructive Christian Proposal. By Donna Yarri. Pp. Xii, 220, Oxford University Press, 2005, $4.70. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 53 (5):872-873.score: 45.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. R. D'Hooge (1991). Animal Experimentation (but Without Man at the Centre of the Universe). Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (4):213-215.score: 45.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Daniel A. Dombrowski (1992). Animal Experimentation. Teaching Philosophy 15 (3):291-292.score: 45.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Simon Festing (2008). On the Necessity for Animal Experimentation. Bioessays 30 (1):94-95.score: 45.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. J. W. Guzek (1999). Human-Animal Relationship: Human Health and Animal Experimentation. Dialogue and Universalism 9:83-96.score: 45.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Franklin M. Loew (1994). Animal Research In the Name of Science: Issues in Responsible Animal Experimentation F. Barbara Orlans. Bioscience 44 (3):185-186.score: 45.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Keith Burgess-Jackson (1999). Brute Science: Dilemmas of Animal Experimentation (Review). Ethics and the Environment 4 (1):115-121.score: 45.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Strachan Donnelley (1989). Speculative Philosophy, the Troubled Middle, and the Ethics of Animal Experimentation. Hastings Center Report 19 (2):15-21.score: 45.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Hope R. Ferdowsian & Tom L. Beauchamp (2013). Animal Experimentation. In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 45.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000