Search results for 'arousal' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Kim Wallen & Elisabeth A. Lloyd (2011). Female Sexual Arousal: Genital Anatomy and Orgasm in Intercourse. Hormones and Behavior 59:780-792.score: 24.0
    In men and women sexual arousal culminates in orgasm, with female orgasm solely from sexual intercourse often regarded as a unique feature of human sexuality. However, orgasm from sexual intercourse occurs more reliably in men than in women, likely reflecting the different types of physical stimulation men and women require for orgasm. In men, orgasms are under strong selective pressure as orgasms are coupled with ejaculation and thus contribute to male reproductive success. By contrast, women's orgasms in intercourse are (...)
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  2. Emmanuel Bigand Sylvie Droit-Volet, Danilo Ramos, José L. O. Bueno (2013). Music, Emotion, and Time Perception: The Influence of Subjective Emotional Valence and Arousal? Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    The present study used a temporal bisection task with short ( 2 s) stimulus durations to investigate the effect on time estimation of several musical parameters associated with emotional changes in affective valence and arousal. In order to manipulate the positive and negative valence of music, Experiments 1 and 2 contrasted the effect of musical structure with pieces played normally and backwards, which were judged to be pleasant and unpleasant, respectively. This effect of valence was combined with a subjective (...)
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  3. Bernhard Hommel Henk van Steenbergen, Guido P. H. Band (2011). Threat But Not Arousal Narrows Attention: Evidence From Pupil Dilation and Saccade Control. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 24.0
    It has been shown that negative affect causes attentional narrowing. According to Easterbrook’s (1959) influential hypothesis this effect is driven by the withdrawal motivation inherent to negative emotions and might be related to increases in arousal. We investigated whether valence-unspecific increases in physiological arousal, as measured by pupil dilation, could account for attentional narrowing effects in a cognitive control task. Following the presentation of a negative, positive, or neutral picture, participants performed a saccade task with a prosaccade versus (...)
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  4. Robert Hepach, Dorit Kliemann, Sebastian Grüneisen, Hauke R. Heekeren & Isabel Dziobek (2011). Conceptualizing Emotions Along the Dimensions of Valence, Arousal, and Communicative Frequency – Implications for Social-Cognitive Tests and Training Tools. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 24.0
    Background and Objectives. Emotion words are mostly characterized along the classic dimensions of arousal and valence. In the current study we sought to complement this characterization by investigating the frequency of emotions in human everyday communication, which may be crucial information for designing new diagnostic or intervention tools to test and improve emotion recognition.Methods. One hundred healthy German individuals were asked to indicate the valence and arousal of 62 emotion words in a questionnaire. Importantly, participants were additionally asked (...)
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  5. Gesine Dreisbach Kerstin Fröber (2012). How Positive Affect Modulates Proactive Control: Reduced Usage of Informative Cues Under Positive Affect with Low Arousal. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    An example of proactive control is the usage of informative cues to prepare for an upcoming task. Here the authors will present data from a series of three experiments, showing that positive affect along with low arousal reduces proactive control in form of a reduced reliance on informative cues. In three affect groups, neutral or positive affective picture stimuli with low and high arousal preceded every trial. In Experiments 1 and 2, using a simple response cueing paradigm with (...)
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  6. Paul Pauli Antje B. M. Gerdes, Matthias J. Wieser, Andreas Mühlberger, Peter Weyers, Georg W. Alpers, Michael M. Plichta, Felix Breuer (2010). Brain Activations to Emotional Pictures Are Differentially Associated with Valence and Arousal Ratings. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 24.0
    Several studies have investigated the neural responses triggered by emotional pictures, but the specificity of the involved structures such as the amygdala or the ventral striatum is still under debate. Furthermore, only few studies examined the association of stimuli’s valence and arousal and the underlying brain responses. Therefore, we investigated brain responses with functional magnetic resonance imaging of 17 healthy subjects to pleasant and unpleasant affective pictures with comparable arousal levels and afterwards assessed ratings of valence and (...). As expected, unpleasant pictures strongly activated the right and left amygdala, the right hippocampus, and the medial occipital lobe, whereas pleasant pictures elicited significant activations in left occipital regions, and in parts of the medial temporal lobe. The direct comparison of unpleasant and pleasant pictures which were comparable in arousal clearly indicated stronger amygdala activation in response to the unpleasant pictures. Most important, correlational analyses revealed on the one hand that the arousal of unpleasant pictures was significantly associated with activations in the right amygdala and the left caudate body. On the other hand, valence of pleasant pictures was significantly correlated with activations in the right caudate head, extending to the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) and the left dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex. These findings support the notion that the amygdala is primarily involved in processing of unpleasant stimuli, and the stronger the more arousing the stimuli are, whereas reward-related structures like the NAcc primarily responds to pleasant stimuli, the stronger the more positive the valence of these stimuli is. (shrink)
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  7. Fabien D'Hondt, Maryse Lassonde, Olivier Collignon, Anne-Sophie Dubarry, Manon Robert, Simon Rigoulot, Jacques Honoré, Franco Lepore & Henrique Sequeira (2010). Early Brain-Body Impact of Emotional Arousal. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 24.0
    Current research in affective neuroscience suggests that the emotional content of visual stimuli activates brain–body responses that could be critical to general health and physical disease. The aim of this study was to develop an integrated neurophysiological approach linking central and peripheral markers of nervous activity during the presentation of natural scenes in order to determine the temporal stages of brain processing related to the bodily impact of emotions. More specifically, whole head magnetoencephalogram (MEG) data and skin conductance response (SCR), (...)
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  8. Psyche Loui, Justin Bachorik, Hui C. Li & Gottfried Schlaug (2013). Effects of Voice on Emotional Arousal. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    Music is a powerful medium capable of eliciting a broad range of emotions. Although the relationship between language and music is well documented, relatively little is known about the effects of lyrics and the voice on the emotional processing of music and on listeners’ preferences. In the present study, we investigated the effects of vocals in music on participants’ perceived valence and arousal in songs. Participants (N = 50) made valence and arousal ratings for familiar songs that were (...)
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  9. Mara Mather Tae-Ho Lee, Laurent Itti (2012). Evidence for Arousal-Biased Competition in Perceptual Learning. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    Arousal-biased competition theory predicts that arousal biases competition in favor of perceptually salient stimuli and against non-salient stimuli (Mather & Sutherland, 2011). The current study tested this hypothesis by having observers complete many trials in a visual search task in which the target either always was salient (a 55° tilted line among 50° distractors) or non-salient (a 55° tilted line among 80° distractors). Each participant completed one session in an emotional condition, in which visual search trials were preceded (...)
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  10. C. H. Vanderwolf & T. E. Robinson (1981). Reticulo-Cortical Activity and Behavior: A Critique of the Arousal Theory and a New Synthesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):459-476.score: 24.0
    It is traditionally believed that cerebral activation (the presence of low voltage fast electrical activity in the neocortex and rhythmical slow activity in the hippocampus) is correlated with arousal, while deactivation (the presence of large amplitude irregular slow waves or spindles in both the neocortex and the hippocampus) is correlated with sleep or coma. However, since there are many exceptions, these generalizations have only limited validity. Activated patterns occur in normal sleep (active or paradoxical sleep) and during states of (...)
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  11. Steven Schwartz (1974). Arousal and Recall: Effects of Noise on Two Retrieval Strategies. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (5):896.score: 21.0
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  12. Srivas Chennu & Tristan A. Bekinschtein (2012). Arousal Modulates Auditory Attention and Awareness: Insights From Sleep, Sedation, and Disorders of Consciousness. Frontiers in Psychology 3:65-65.score: 21.0
    The interplay between top-down, bottom-up attention and consciousness is frequently tested in altered states of consciousness, including transitions between stages of sleep and sedation, and in pathological disorders of consciousness (the vegetative and minimally conscious states; VS and MCS). One of the most widely used tasks to assess cognitive processing in this context is the auditory oddball paradigm, where an infrequent change in a sequence of sounds elicits, in awake subjects, a characteristic EEG event-related potential (ERP) called the mismatch negativity (...)
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  13. Donna M. Cornsweet (1969). Use of Cues in the Visual Periphery Under Conditions of Arousal. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (1):14.score: 21.0
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  14. A. Steven Frankel (1969). Effects of Arousal on Hierarchically Organized Responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (2):385.score: 21.0
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  15. Stephen J. Bacon (1974). Arousal and the Range of Cue Utilization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (1):81.score: 21.0
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  16. D. E. Berlyne, Donna M. Borsa, Jane H. Hamacher & Isolde D. Koenig (1966). Paired-Associate Learning and the Timing of Arousal. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (1):1.score: 21.0
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  17. Silke Paulmann, Martin Bleichner & Sonja A. Kotz (2013). Valence, Arousal, and Task Effects in Emotional Prosody Processing. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 21.0
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  18. Wolfgang Schönpflug (1966). Arousal, Adaptation Level, and Accentuation of Judgment. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (3):443.score: 21.0
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  19. Richard G. Stennett (1957). The Relationship of Performance Level to Level of Arousal. Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (1):54.score: 21.0
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  20. Christian Thoresen, Jimmy Jensen, Niels Petter B. Sigvartsen, Ingeborg Bolstad, Andres Server, Per H. Nakstad, Ole A. Andreassen & Tor Endestad (2012). Arousal Modulates Activity in the Medial Temporal Lobe During a Short-Term Relational Memory Task. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 21.0
  21. Iris van den Bosch, Valorie N. Salimpoor & Robert J. Zatorre (2013). Familiarity Mediates the Relationship Between Emotional Arousal and Pleasure During Music Listening. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 21.0
  22. Barbara U. Archer & Robert R. Margolin (1970). Arousal Effects in Intentional Recall and Forgetting. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (1):8.score: 21.0
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  23. Eric D. Curton & Daniel S. Lordahl (1974). Effects of Attentional Focus and Arousal on Time Estimation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (5):861.score: 21.0
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  24. John Davis & John Lamberth (1974). Affective Arousal and Energization Properties of Positive and Negative Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (2):196.score: 21.0
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  25. Kenneth A. Deffenbacher, Gary J. Platt & Mark A. Williams (1974). Differential Recall as a Function of Socially Induced Arousal and Retention Interval. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (4):809.score: 21.0
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  26. Lewis J. Kleinsmith & Stephen Kaplan (1964). Interaction of Arousal and Recall Interval in Nonsense Syllable Paired-Associate Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (2):124.score: 21.0
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  27. John W. Osborne (1972). Interaction of Arousal and Number of Learning Trials in Paired-Associate Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (1):135.score: 21.0
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  28. Gary W. Patton (1968). Tachistoscopic Recognition Thresholds as a Function of Arousal Level. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (2p1):354.score: 21.0
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  29. Marjorie Powers & V. K. Kumar (1974). Scaling Words on Degree of Arousal and Short- and Long-Term Retention. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (5):1039.score: 21.0
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  30. Peter Suedfeld & P. Bruce Landon (1970). Motivational Arousal and Task Complexity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (2p1):329.score: 21.0
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  31. M. Johnna Butter (1970). Differential Recall of Paired Associates as a Function of Arousal and Concreteness-Imagery Levels. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (2):252.score: 21.0
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  32. Alvin David, Mark Moore & Dan Rusu (2002). Unconscious Information Processing, Hypnotic Amnesia, and the Misattribution of Arousal: Schachter and Singer's Theory Revised. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies 2 (1):23-33.score: 21.0
     
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  33. Robert Hockey (1973). Changes in Information-Selection Patterns in Multisource Monitoring as a Function of Induced Arousal Shifts. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):35.score: 21.0
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  34. Gerda Smets (1973). Aesthetic Judgment and Arousal. [Leuven]Leuven University Press.score: 21.0
     
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  35. Barbara S. Uehling & Robert Sprinkle (1968). Recall of a Serial List as a Function of Arousal and Retention Interval. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (1):103.score: 21.0
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  36. Roger Whitehead & Scott D. Schliebner (2001). Arousal: Conscious Experience and Brain Mechanisms. In Peter G. Grossenbacher (ed.), Finding Consciousness in the Brain: A Neurocognitive Approach. John Benjamins. 187-220.score: 21.0
  37. Jamie Dow (2007). A Supposed Contradiction About Emotion-Arousal in Aristotle's "Rhetoric". Phronesis 52 (4):382 - 402.score: 18.0
    Aristotle, in the Rhetoric, appears to claim both that emotion-arousal has no place in the essential core of rhetorical expertise and that it has an extremely important place as one of three technical kinds of proof. This paper offers an account of how this apparent contradiction can be resolved. The resolution stems from a new understanding of what Rhetoric I. I refers to - not emotions, but set-piece rhetorical devices aimed at manipulating emotions, which do not depend on the (...)
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  38. Thomas S. Smith & Gregory T. Stevens (1996). Emergence, Self-Organization, and Social Interaction: Arousal-Dependent Structure in Social Systems. Sociological Theory 14 (2):131-153.score: 18.0
    The understanding of emergent, self-organizing phenomena has been immensely deepened in recent years on the basis of simulation-based theoretical research. We discuss these new ideas, and illustrate them using examples from several fields. Our discussion serves to introduce equivalent self-organized phenomena in social interaction. Interaction systems appear to be structured partly by virtue of such emergents. These appear under specific conditions: When cognitive buffering is inadequate relative to the levels of stress persons are subjected to, anxiety-spreading has the potential of (...)
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  39. Jenefer Robinson (2013). Three Theories of Emotion—Three Routes for Musical Arousal. In Tom Cochrane, Bernardino Fantini & Klaus R. Scherer (eds.), The Emotional Power of Music: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Musical Arousal, Expression, and Social Control. Oup Oxford. 155.score: 18.0
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  40. Mary F. Dallman (2006). Make Love, Not War: Both Serve to Defuse Stress-Induced Arousal Through the Dopaminergic “Pleasure” Network. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):227-228.score: 18.0
    Nell restricts cruelty to hominids, although good evidence suggests that secondary aggression in rodents and particularly primates may be considered cruel. A considerable literature shows that glucocorticoid secretion stimulated by stress facilitates learning, memory, arousal, and aggressive behavior. Either secondary aggression (to a conspecific) or increased affiliative behavior reduces stressor-induced activity, suggesting the reward system can be satisfied by other behaviors than cruelty.
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  41. Lee Ellis (1995). Extending Arousal Theory and Reflecting on Biosocial Approaches to Social Science. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):554-554.score: 18.0
    This commentary extends arousal theory to suggest an explanation for the well-established inverse correlation between church attendance and involvement in crime. In addition, the results of two surveys of social scientists are reviewed to reveal just how little impact the biosocial/sociobiological perspective has had thus far on social science.
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  42. Holger Ursin (2000). Emotions and Reward – but No Arousal? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):217-218.score: 18.0
    This commentary argues for the inclusion of the neurophysiological arousal concept to help understanding the brain mechanisms of emotions and reward and the cognitive mechanisms involved.
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  43. R. J. R. Blair (2011). Should Affective Arousal Be Grounded in Perception-Action Coupling? Emotion Review 3 (1):109-110.score: 18.0
    Decety (2011) considers the cognitive neuroscience of empathy and, in particular, his three-component model of empathic responding. His position is highly influential with its emotional awareness/understanding and emotional regulation components representing clear extensions of previous theorizing on empathy. In this brief commentary, I will critically consider the third of his components: affective arousal. In particular, I will consider the implications of the literature to the proposed computations, based on perception—action coupling, that underlie this component of his model. I will (...)
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  44. Heather Hoffmann, Kathryn Peterson & Hana Garner (2012). Field Conditioning of Sexual Arousal in Humans. Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology 2.score: 18.0
    Background: Human sexual classical conditioning effects are less robust compared with those obtained in other animals. The artificiality of the laboratory environment and/or the unconditioned stimulus (US) used (e.g. watching erotic film clips as opposed to participating in sexual activity) may contribute to this discrepancy. The present experiment used a field study design to explore the conditioning of human sexual arousal. Method: Seven heterosexual couples were instructed to include a novel, neutrally preferred scent as the conditioned stimulus (CS+) during (...)
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  45. Mara Mather & Matthew Sutherland (2009). Disentangling the Effects of Arousal and Valence on Memory for Intrinsic Details. Emotion Review 1 (2):118-119.score: 18.0
    Kensinger (2009) and Mather (2007) both argue that intrinsic features of emotional items are remembered better than intrinsic features of non-emotional items. However, Kensinger attributes these effects to negative valence whereas Mather attributes them to arousal. In this paper, we note several reasons why arousal may be the driving factor even when a study reveals more detailed memory for negative items than for positive items. We also reanalyze previous data (Mather & Nesmith, 2008) to show that although both (...)
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  46. Adrian Raine (1995). Psychopathy and Violence: Arousal, Temperament, Birth Complications, Maternal Rejection, and Prefrontal Dysfunction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):571-573.score: 18.0
    The key questions arising from Mealey's analysis are: Do environmental factors such as early maternal rejection also contribute to the emotional deficits observed in psychopaths? Are there psychophysiological protective factors for antisocial behavior that have clinical implications? Does a disinhibited temperament and low arousal predispose to primary psychopathy? Would primary or secondary psychopaths be most characterized by prefrontal dysfunction?
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  47. Frederick Verbruggen Jelle Demanet, Baptist Liefooghe (2011). Valence, Arousal, and Cognitive Control: A Voluntary Task-Switching Study. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 18.0
    The present study focused on the interplay between arousal, valence and cognitive control. To this end, we investigated how arousal and valence associated with affective stimuli influenced cognitive flexibility when switching between tasks voluntarily. Three hypotheses were tested. First, a valence hypothesis that states that the positive valence of affective stimuli will facilitate both global and task-switching performance because of increased cognitive flexibility. Second, an arousal hypothesis that states that arousal, and not valence, will specifically impair (...)
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  48. R. T. Allen (1990). The Arousal and Expression of Emotion by Music. British Journal of Aesthetics 30 (1):57-61.score: 15.0
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  49. Jenefer Robinson (1994). The Expression and Arousal of Emotion in Music. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 52 (1):13-22.score: 15.0
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  50. Rockney Jacobsen (1993). Arousal and the Ends of Desire. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (3):617-632.score: 15.0
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