Search results for 'bibtex-import' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jon Barwise & Robin Cooper (1981). Generalized Quantifiers and Natural Language. Linguistics and Philosophy 4 (2):159--219.
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  2.  70
    Stanley Peters & Dag Westersthl (2006). Quantifiers in Language and Logic. Clarendon Press.
    Quantification is a topic which brings together linguistics, logic, and philosophy. Quantifiers are the essential tools with which, in language or logic, we refer to quantity of things or amount of stuff. In English they include such expressions as no, some, all, both, many. Peters and Westerstahl present the definitive interdisciplinary exploration of how they work - their syntax, semantics, and inferential role.
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  3.  36
    Mary Dalrymple, Makoto Kanazawa, Yookyung Kim, Sam McHombo & Stanley Peters (1998). Reciprocal Expressions and the Concept of Reciprocity. Linguistics and Philosophy 21 (2):159-210.
  4.  10
    Per Lindström (1966). First order predicate logic with generalized quantifiers. Theoria 32 (3):186--195.
  5.  30
    L. Henkin (1961). Some Remarks on Infinitely Long Formulas. In Journal of Symbolic Logic. Pergamon Press 167--183.
  6.  47
    Jon Barwise (1979). On Branching Quantifiers in English. Journal of Philosophical Logic 8 (1):47 - 80.
  7. C. T. Mcmillan, R. Clark, P. Moore, C. Devita & M. Grossman (2005). Neural Basis for Generalized Quantifiers Comprehension. Neuropsychologia 43:1729--1737.
  8.  31
    Gila Sher (1990). Ways of Branching Quantifers. Linguistics and Philosophy 13 (4):393 - 422.
    Branching quantifiers were first introduced by L. Henkin in his 1959 paper ‘Some Remarks on Infmitely Long Formulas’. By ‘branching quantifiers’ Henkin meant a new, non-linearly structured quantiiier-prefix whose discovery was triggered by the problem of interpreting infinitistic formulas of a certain form} The branching (or partially-ordered) quantifier-prefix is, however, not essentially infinitistic, and the issues it raises have largely been discussed in the literature in the context of finitistic logic, as they will be here. Our discussion transcends, however, the (...)
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  9.  30
    B. Geurts (2005). Monotonicity and Processing Load. Journal of Semantics 22 (1):97-117.
    Starting out from the assumption that monotonicity plays a central role in interpretation and inference, we derive a number of predictions about the complexity of processing quantified sentences. A quantifier may be upward entailing (i.e. license inferences from subsets to supersets) or downward entailing (i.e. license inferences from supersets to subsets). Our main predictions are the following: If the monotonicity profiles of two quantifying expressions are the same, they should be equally easy or hard to process, ceteris paribus. Sentences containing (...)
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  10.  4
    M. Magidor & J. I. Malitz (1977). Compact Extensions of L(Q). Annals of Mathematical Logic 11 (2):217--261.
  11. C. T. Mcmillan, R. Clark, P. Moore & M. Grossman (2006). Quantifiers Comprehension in Corticobasal Degeneration. Brain and Cognition 65:250--260.
  12. Jaakko Hintikka (1974). Quantifiers Vs. Quantificational Theory. Linguistic Inquiry 5:153--77.
     
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  13. D. M. Gabbay & J. M. E. Moravcsik (1974). Branching Quantifiers, English and Montague Grammar. Theoretical Linguistics 1:140--157.
  14.  6
    Jaap Van Der Does (1993). Sums and Quantifiers. Linguistics and Philosophy 16 (5):509--550.
  15.  35
    Marcin Mostowski (1998). Computational Semantics for Monadic Quantifiers. Journal of Applied Non--Classical Logics 8 (1-2):107--121.
    The paper gives a survey of known results related to computational devices (finite and push–down automata) recognizing monadic generalized quantifiers in finite models. Some of these results are simple reinterpretations of descriptive—feasible correspondence theorems from finite–model theory. Additionally a new result characterizing monadic quantifiers recognized by push down automata is proven.
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  16.  3
    Juha Kontinen (2004). Definability of Second Order Generalized Quantifiers. Dissertation,
    We study second order generalized quantifiers on finite structures. One starting point of this research has been the notion of definability of Lindström quantifiers. We formulate an analogous notion for second order generalized quantifiers and study definability of second order generalized quantifiers in terms of Lindström quantifiers.
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  17.  6
    E. Stenius (1976). Comments on Jaakko Hintikka's Paper 'Quantifiers Vs. Quantification Theory'. Dialectica 30 (1):67--88.
  18.  6
    Jaakko Hintikka (1976). Partially Ordered Quantifiers Vs. Partially Ordered Ideas. Dialectica 30 (1):89--99.
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  19.  9
    Dag Westerståhl (1984). Some Results on Quantifiers. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 25 (2):152--169.
  20.  8
    James H. Schmerl & Stephen G. Simpson (1982). On the Role of Ramsey Quantifiers in First Order Arithmetic. Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (2):423-435.
  21. F. Guenthner & J. P. Hoepelman (1976). A Note on the Representation of Branching Quantifiers. Theoretical Linguistics 3:285--289.
  22.  1
    A. Macintyre (1980). Ramsey Quantifiers in Arithmetic. In L. Pacholski, J. Wierzejewski & A. J. Wilkie (eds.), Journal of Symbolic Logic. Springer--Verlag 186--210.
  23. Gilad B. Avi & Yoad Winter (2003). Monotonicity and Collective Quantification. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 12 (2):127--151.
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  24.  6
    A. Blass & Y. Gurevich (1986). Henkin Quantifiers and Complete Problems. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 32 (1):1--16.
  25.  9
    Marcin Mostowski & Dominika Wojtyniak (2004). Computational Complexity of the Semantics of Some Natural Language Constructions. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 127 (1-3):219--227.
    We consider an example of a sentence which according to Hintikka's claim essentially requires for its logical form a Henkin quantifier. We show that if Hintikka is right then recognizing the truth value of the sentence in finite models is an NP-complete problem. We discuss also possible conclusions from this observation.
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  26.  5
    Anders Andersson (2002). On Second-Order Generalized Quantifiers and Finite Structures. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 115 (1--3):1--32.
    We consider the expressive power of second - order generalized quantifiers on finite structures, especially with respect to the types of the quantifiers. We show that on finite structures with at most binary relations, there are very powerful second - order generalized quantifiers, even of the simplest possible type. More precisely, if a logic is countable and satisfies some weak closure conditions, then there is a generalized second - order quantifier which is monadic, unary and simple, and a uniformly obtained (...)
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  27.  51
    John Corcoran & Hassan Masoud (2014). Existential Import Today: New Metatheorems; Historical, Philosophical, and Pedagogical Misconceptions. History and Philosophy of Logic 36 (1):39-61.
    Contrary to common misconceptions, today's logic is not devoid of existential import: the universalized conditional ∀ x [S→ P] implies its corresponding existentialized conjunction ∃ x [S & P], not in all cases, but in some. We characterize the proexamples by proving the Existential-Import Equivalence: The antecedent S of the universalized conditional alone determines whether the universalized conditional has existential import, i.e. whether it implies its corresponding existentialized conjunction.A predicate is an open formula having only x free. An existential-import predicate (...)
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  28.  35
    Alberto Vanzo (2014). Kant on Existential Import. Kantian Review 19 (2):207-232.
    This article reconstructs Kant's view on the existential import of categorical sentences. Kant is widely taken to have held that affirmative sentences (the A and I sentences of the traditional square of opposition) have existential import, whereas negative sentences (E and O) lack existential import. The article challenges this standard interpretation. It is argued that Kant ascribes existential import only to some affirmative synthetic sentences. However, the reasons for this do not fall within the remit of Kant's formal logic. Unlike (...)
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  29.  10
    Anne C. Bellows & Michael W. Hamm (2001). Local Autonomy and Sustainable Development: Testing Import Substitution in More Localized Food Systems. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 18 (3):271-284.
    Community initiatives to create more localized food systems ofteninclude the strategy of import substitution, i.e., increasing local foodproduction for local consumption. The purpose of this policy iseffectively to supplant some level of imported food into the region. Weargue that such action can carry social and environmental risks as wellas benefits and we have developed research parameters to measure theimpact of such strategies. Harriet Friedmann's seminal work (1991) onthe employment of import substitution by transnational corporationsprovides a framework to identify possible advantages (...)
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  30.  6
    George Bowles & Thomas E. Gilbert (1993). The Probabilistic Import of Illatives. Argumentation 7 (3):247-262.
    It is not only overtly probabilistic illatives like ‘makes it certain that’ but also apparently non-probabilistic ones like ‘therefore’ that have probabilistic import. Illatives like ‘therefore’ convey the meaning that the premise confers on the conclusion a probability not only greater than 0 but also greater than 1/2. But because they do not say whether that probability is equal to or less than 1, these illatives are appropriately called ‘neutral’.
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  31.  36
    Karim Bschir (2015). Feyerabend and Popper on Theory Proliferation and Anomaly Import: On the Compatibility of Theoretical Pluralism and Critical Rationalism. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (1):24-55.
    A fundamental tenet of Paul Feyerabend’s pluralistic view of science has it that theory proliferation, that is, the availability of theoretical alternatives, is of crucial importance for the detection of anomalies in established theories. Paul Hoyningen-Huene calls this the Anomaly Importation Thesis, according to which anomalies are imported, as it were, into well-established theories from competing alternatives. This article pursues two major objectives: (a) to work out the systematic details of Feyerabend’s ideas on theory proliferation and anomaly import as they (...)
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  32.  27
    Saloua Chatti & Fabien Schang (2013). The Cube, the Square and the Problem of Existential Import. History and Philosophy of Logic 34 (2):101 - 132.
    (2013). The Cube, the Square and the Problem of Existential Import. History and Philosophy of Logic: Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 101-132. doi: 10.1080/01445340.2013.764962.
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  33. Paul Horwich (1993). Scientific Conceptions of Language and Their Philosophical Import. Philosophical Issues 3:123-133.
    Russian translation of Horwich P. Scientific Conceptions of Language and Their Philosophical Import // Philosophical Issues, 3, 1993. Translated by Ekaterina Mejshutkova with kind permission of the author.
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    Katarina Perovic (2014). The Import of the Original Bradley's Regress(Es). Axiomathes 24 (3):375-394.
    Much of the recent metaphysical literature on the problem of the relational unity of complexes leaves the impression that Bradley (or some Bradleyan argument) has uncovered a serious problem to be addressed. The problem is thought to be particularly challenging for trope theorists and realists about universals. In truth, there has been little clarity about the nature and import of the original Bradley’s regress arguments. In this paper, I offer a careful analysis and reconstruction of the arguments in Bradley’s Appearance (...)
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    Robert Streiffer & Thomas Hedemann (2005). The Political Import of Intrinsic Objections to Genetically Engineered Food. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (2):191-210.
    Many people object to genetically engineerehd (GE) food because they believe that it is unnatural or that its creation amounts to playing God. These objections are often referred to as intrinsic objections, and they have been widely criticized in the agricultural bioethics literature as being unsound, incompatible with modern science, religious, inchoate, and based on emotion instead of reason. Many of their critics also argue that even if these objections did have some merit as ethicalobjections, their quasi-religious nature means that (...)
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  36.  22
    John N. Martin (2011). Existential Import in Cartesian Semantics. History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (3):211-239.
    The paper explores the existential import of universal affirmative in Descartes, Arnauld and Malebranche. Descartes holds, inconsistently, that eternal truths are true even if the subject term is empty but that a proposition with a false idea as subject is false. Malebranche extends Descartes? truth-conditions for eternal truths, which lack existential import, to all knowledge, allowing only for non-propositional knowledge of contingent existence. Malebranche's rather implausible Neoplatonic semantics is detailed as consisting of three key semantic relations: illumination by which God's (...)
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  37.  14
    William A. Richards (2008). The Phenomenology and Potential Religious Import of States of Consciousness Facilitated by Psilocybin. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 30 (1):189-199.
    Accompanying the resumption of human research with the entheogen , psilocybin, the range of states of consciousness reported during its action, including both nonmystical and mystical forms of experience, is surveyed and defined. The science and art of facilitating mystical experiences is discussed on the basis of research experience. The potential religious import of these states of consciousness is noted in terms of recognizing the reality of the spiritual, in better understanding the biochemistry of revelation, and in exploring the potentially (...)
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  38.  10
    Jan De Rijck, Linos Vandekerckhove, Frauke Christ & Zeger Debyser (2007). Lentiviral Nuclear Import: A Complex Interplay Between Virus and Host. Bioessays 29 (5):441-451.
    Although the capacity to infect non-dividing cells is a hallmark of lentiviruses, nuclear import is still barely understood. More than 100 research papers have been dedicated to this topic during the last 15 years, yet, more questions have been raised than answers. The signal-facilitating translocation of the viral preintegration complex (PIC) through the nuclear pore complex (NPC) remains unknown. It is clear, however, that nuclear import is the result of a complex interplay between viral and cellular components. In this review, (...)
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  39.  14
    Jill Rusin (2012). Characterizing Skepticisms Import. International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 2 (2):99-114.
    This paper discusses a common contemporary characterization of skepticism and skeptical arguments-that their real importance is instrumental, that they “drive progress in philosophy.“ I explore two possible contrasts to the idea that skepticism's significance is thus wholly methodological. First, I recall for the reader a range of views that can be understood as `truth in skepticism' views. These concessive views are those most clearly at odds with the idea that skepticism is false, but instrumentally valuable. Considering the contributions of such (...)
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  40.  25
    Jan van Eijck, Syllogistics = Monotonicity + Symmetry + Existential Import.
    Syllogistics reduces to only two rules of inference: monotonicity and symmetry, plus a third if one wants to take existential import into account. We give an implementation that uses only the monotonicity and symmetry rules, with an addendum for the treatment of existential import. Soundness follows from the monotonicity properties and symmetry properties of the Aristotelean quantifiers, while completeness for syllogistic theory is proved by direct inspection of the valid syllogisms. Next, the valid syllogisms are decomposed in terms of the (...)
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  41.  15
    Shu-hsien Liu (1971). The Religious Import of Confucian Philosophy: Its Traditional Outlook and Contemporary Significance. Philosophy East and West 21 (2):157-175.
    Confucianism has usually been regarded as a secular moral philosophy with no religious import at all. In china, However, Confucianism has been mentioned along with buddhism and taoism as one of the three religions (the so-Called san-Chiao) for centuries. This means that we must revise and broaden our traditional concept of religion. The confucian tradition certainly has its unique way of expressing its ultimate and therefore religious concern. The present essay is an attempt to uncover the religious import in confucian (...)
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  42.  15
    Michael Böttner (1988). A Note on Existential Import. Studia Logica 47 (1):35 - 40.
    It is shown that a linguistically well-motivated semantical analysis of certain extensions of categorical sentences is compatible with a semantics that fulfils the so-called existential import condition, but is not compatible with a semantics that does not fulfil this condition.
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  43.  6
    Jon D. Ringen (1982). The Explanatory Import of Dispositions: A Defense of Scientific Realism. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:122 - 133.
    It is widely assumed that disposition predicates do not designate entities which could be causal factors in the production of natural phenomena. Yet, the fact that an object has a given dispositional property is often taken to help explain behavior exhibited by objects to which the disposition is ascribed. Instrumentalist, realist, and rationalist analyses of disposition predicates embody three quite distinct views of how both assumptions could be correct. It is argued that the instrumentalist fails to capture basic intuitions concerning (...)
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  44.  3
    Oluwaseun Adeola Adenugba (2013). The Epistemological Import of Informed Consent in Clinical Research. Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):31-35.
    This paper attempts to establish the epistemological import and limits of informed consent in clinical research. It points out that informed consent is a necessary requirement in clinical research because it ensures adequate participation of care receivers in issues relating to their health. Besides ensuring that care receivers have knowledge of whatever medical intervention they are consenting to, informed consent, as an ideal, provides assurance that care receivers and others are neither coerced nor deceived. While the question of the value (...)
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  45.  12
    Stephen Read, Aristotle and Lukasiewicz on Existential Import.
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    Wayne C. Myrvold, On the Evidential Import of Unification.
    This paper discusses two senses in which a hypothesis may be said to unify evidence. One is the ability of the hypothesis to increase the mutual information of a set of evidence statements; the other is the ability of the hypothesis to explain commonalities in observed phenomena by positing a common origin for them. On Bayesian updating, it is only mutual information unification that contributes to the incremental support of a hypothesis by the evidence unified. This poses a challenge for (...)
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  47. David Sosa (1996). The Import of the Puzzle About Belief. Philosophical Review 105 (3):373-402.
    Relocating Kripke's puzzle about belief, this paper investigates i) in what the puzzle consists, exactly; ii) the method used in its construction; and iii) relations between meaning and rationality. Essential to Kripke's puzzle is a normative notion of contradictory belief. Different positions about the meaning of names yield different views of what constitutes the attribution of contradictory belief; and Kripke's puzzle unwittingly _imports a Millian assumption. Accordingly, the puzzle about belief is not independent of positions about the meaning of names.
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  48. Horacio Arló-Costa (2001). Bayesian Epistemology and Epistemic Conditionals: On the Status of the Export-Import Laws. Journal of Philosophy 98 (11):555-593.
    Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/about/terms.html. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.
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  49. Hugh MacColl (1905). The Existential Import of Propositions. Mind 14 (56):578-580.
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    Stephen Read (2015). Aristotle and Łukasiewicz on Existential Import. Journal of the American Philosophical Association 1 (3):535-544.
    Jan Lukasiewicz's treatise on Aristotle's Syllogistic, published in the 1950s, has been very influential in framing contemporary understanding of Aristotle's logical systems. However, Lukasiewicz's interpretation is based on a number of tendentious claims, not least, the claim that the syllogistic was intended to apply only to non-empty terms. I show that this interpretation is not true to Aristotle's text and that a more coherent and faithful interpretation admits empty terms while maintaining all the relations of the traditional square of opposition.
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