Search results for 'biosemiotics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  13
    Marcello Barbieri (2009). A Short History of Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics 2 (2):221-245.
    Biosemiotics is the synthesis of biology and semiotics, and its main purpose is to show that semiosis is a fundamental component of life, i.e., that signs and meaning exist in all living systems. This idea started circulating in the 1960s and was proposed independently from enquires taking place at both ends of the Scala Naturae. At the molecular end it was expressed by Howard Pattee’s analysis of the genetic code, whereas at the human end it took the form of (...)
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  2.  60
    Argyris Arnellos, Luis Emilio Bruni, Charbel Niño El-Hani & John Collier (2012). Anticipatory Functions, Digital-Analog Forms and Biosemiotics: Integrating the Tools to Model Information and Normativity in Autonomous Biological Agents. Biosemiotics 5 (3):331-367.
    We argue that living systems process information such that functionality emerges in them on a continuous basis. We then provide a framework that can explain and model the normativity of biological functionality. In addition we offer an explanation of the anticipatory nature of functionality within our overall approach. We adopt a Peircean approach to Biosemiotics, and a dynamical approach to Digital-Analog relations and to the interplay between different levels of functionality in autonomous systems, taking an integrative approach. We then (...)
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  3.  2
    Timo Maran & Karel Kleisner (2010). Towards an Evolutionary Biosemiotics: Semiotic Selection and Semiotic Co-Option. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 3 (2):189-200.
    In biosemiotics, living beings are not conceived of as the passive result of anonymous selection pressures acted upon through the course of evolution. Rather, organisms are considered active participants that influence, shape and re-shape other organisms, the surrounding environment, and eventually also their own constitutional and functional integrity. The traditional Darwinian division between natural and sexual selection seems insufficient to encompass the richness of these processes, particularly in light of recent knowledge on communicational processes in the realm of life. (...)
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  4.  2
    Prisca Augustyn (2009). Uexküll, Peirce, and Other Affinities Between Biosemiotics and Biolinguistics. Biosemiotics 2 (1):1-17.
    The purpose of this paper is to describe some parallels and theoretical affinities between biosemiotics and biolinguistics. In particular, this paper examines the importance of Uexküll's Umwelt and Peircean abduction as foundational concepts for Sebeok's biosemiotics and Chomsky's biolinguistic program. Other affinities touched upon in this paper include references to concepts articulated by Immanuel Kant, Konrad Lorenz, Marcel Florkin, François Jacob, C.H. Waddington, D'Arcy Thomson and Ernst Haeckel. While both programs share theoretical influences and historiographical parallels in their (...)
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  5.  3
    Robert Lane (2014). Peircean Semiotic Indeterminacy and Its Relevance for Biosemiotics. In Vinicius Romanini (ed.), Peirce and Biosemiotics.
    This chapter presents a detailed explanation of Peirce’s early and late views on semiotic indeterminacy and then considers how those views might be applied within biosemiotics. Peirce distinguished two different forms of semiotic indeterminacy: generality and vagueness. He defined each in terms of the “right” that indeterminate signs extend, either to their interpreters in the case of generality or to their utterers in the case of vagueness, to further determine their meaning. On Peirce’s view, no sign is absolutely determinate, (...)
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  6.  1
    Riin Magnus (2008). Biosemiotics Within and Without Biological Holism: A Semio-Historical Analysis. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 1 (3):379-396.
    On the basis of a comparative analysis of the biosemiotic work of Jakob von Uexküll and of various theories on biological holism, this article takes a look at the question: what is the status of a semiotic approach in respect to a holistic one? The period from 1920 to 1940 was the peak-time of holistic theories, despite the fact that agreement on a unified and accepted set of holistic ideas was never reached. A variety of holisms, dependent on the cultural (...)
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  7.  2
    Eliseo Fernández (2010). Taking the Relational Turn: Biosemiotics and Some New Trends in Biology. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 3 (2):147-156.
    A cluster of similar trends emerging in separate fields of science and philosophy points to new opportunities to apply biosemiotic ideas as tools for conceptual integration in theoretical biology. I characterize these developments as the outcome of a “relational turn” in these disciplines. They signal a shift of attention away from objects and things and towards relational structures and processes. Increasingly sophisticated research technologies of molecular biology have generated an enormous quantity of experimental data, sparking a need for relational approaches (...)
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  8.  13
    Søren Brier & Cliff Joslyn (2013). What Does It Take to Produce Interpretation? Informational, Peircean and Code-Semiotic Views on Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics 6 (1):143-159.
    This paper presents a critical analysis of code-semiotics, which we see as the latest attempt to create paradigmatic foundation for solving the question of the emergence of life and consciousness. We view code semiotics as a an attempt to revise the empirical scientific Darwinian paradigm, and to go beyond the complex systems, emergence, self-organization, and informational paradigms, and also the selfish gene theory of Dawkins and the Peircean pragmaticist semiotic theory built on the simultaneous types of evolution. As such it (...)
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  9.  1
    Prisca Augustyn (2011). On the Concept of Code in Linguistics and Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics 4 (3):281-289.
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  10.  1
    James Goss (2011). Poetics in Schizophrenic Language: Speech, Gesture and Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics 4 (3):291-307.
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  11.  33
    Kalevi Kull, Terrence Deacon, Claus Emmeche, Jesper Hoffmeyer & Frederik Stjernfelt (2009). Theses on Biosemiotics: Prolegomena to a Theoretical Biology. Biological Theory 4 (2):167-173.
    Theses on the semiotic study of life as presented here provide a collectively formulated set of statements on what biology needs to be focused on in order to describe life as a process based on semiosis, or sign action. An aim of the biosemiotic approach is to explain how life evolves through all varieties of forms of communication and signification (including cellular adaptive behavior, animal communication, and human intellect) and to provide tools for grounding sign theories. We introduce the concept (...)
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  12.  4
    Karel Kleisner (2008). The Semantic Morphology of Adolf Portmann: A Starting Point for the Biosemiotics of Organic Form? [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 1 (2):207-219.
    This paper develops the ideas of the Swiss zoologist Adolf Portmann or, more precisely, his concept of organic self-representation, wherein Portmann considered the outer surface of living organisms as a specific organ that serves in a self-representational role. This idea is taken as a starting point from which to elaborate Portman’s ideas, so as to make them compatible with the theoretical framework of biosemiotics. Today, despite the many theories that help us understand aposematism, camouflage, deception and other phenomena related (...)
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  13.  3
    H. H. Pattee (2009). Response by H. H. Pattee to Jon Umerez's Paper: “Where Does Pattee's “How Does a Molecule Become a Message?” Belong in the History of Biosemiotics?”. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 2 (3):291-302.
    Umerez’s analysis made me aware of the fundamental differences in the culture of physics and molecular biology and the culture of semiotics from which the new field of biosemiotics arose. These cultures also view histories differently. Considering the evolutionary span and the many hierarchical levels of organization that their models must cover, models at different levels will require different observables and different meanings for common words, like symbol, interpretation, and language. These models as well as their histories should be (...)
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  14.  3
    Paul Cobley (2010). The Cultural Implications of Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics 3 (2):225-244.
    This article focuses on the cultural implications of biosemiotics, considering the extent to which biosemiotics constitutes an “epistemological break” with modern modes of conceptualizing the world. To some extent, the article offers a series of footnotes to points made in the work of Jesper Hoffmeyer. However, it is argued that the move towards ‘agency’ represented in biosemiotics needs to be approached with caution in light of problems of translation between the humanities and the sciences. Notwithstanding these problems, (...)
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  15.  2
    Jon Umerez (2009). Where Does Pattee's “How Does a Molecule Become a Message?” Belong in the History of Biosemiotics? Biosemiotics 2 (3):269-290.
    Recalling the title of Yoxen’s classical paper on the influence of Schrödinger’s book, I analyze the role that the work of H. Pattee might have played, if any, in the development of Biosemiotics. I take his 1969 paper “How does a molecule become a message?” (Developmental Biology Supplement) as a first target due to several circumstances that make it especially salient. On the one hand, even if Pattee has obviously developed further his ideas on later papers, the significance of (...)
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  16.  1
    Dario Martinelli & Kristian Bankov (2008). Bankov's Razor Versus Martinelli's Canon. A Confrontation Around Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics 1 (3):397-418.
    This article is a discussion of the critical remarks raised by Kristian Bankov in a notion called Bankov’s razor, about some foundational elements of the biosemiotic paradigm. The elaborated form of the “razor” includes three main questions on biosemiotic ideas, namely: 1) the philosophical grounds of the biosemiotic discourse, 2) the scientific output of biosemiotics, and 3) the ethical consequences of some biosemiotic presumptions (this latter, given its scopes and extension, is left for a future occasion). Such questions are (...)
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  17.  9
    Dennis P. Waters (2012). Von Neumann's Theory of Self-Reproducing Automata: A Useful Framework for Biosemiotics? Biosemiotics 5 (1):5-15.
    As interpreted by Pattee, von Neumann’s Theory of Self-Reproducing Automata has proved to be a useful tool for understanding some of the difficulties and paradoxes of molecular biosemiotics. But is its utility limited to molecular systems or is it more generally applicable within biosemiotics? One way of answering that question is to look at the Theory as a model for one particular high-level biosemiotic activity, human language. If the model is not useful for language, then it certainly cannot (...)
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  18.  0
    Eliseo Fernández (2008). Signs and Instruments: The Convergence of Aristotelian and Kantian Intuitions in Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics 1 (3):347-359.
    Biosemiotics—a discipline in the process of becoming established as a new research enterprise—faces a double task. On the one hand it must carry out the theoretical and experimental investigation of an enormous range of semiotic phenomena relating organisms to their internal components and to other organisms (e.g., signal transduction, replication, codes, etc.). On the other hand, it must achieve a philosophical re-conceptualization and generalization of theoretical biology in light of the essential role played by semiotic notions in biological explanation (...)
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  19.  3
    Wendy Wheeler (2010). Delectable Creatures and the Fundamental Reality of Metaphor: Biosemiotics and Animal Mind. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 3 (3):277-287.
    This article argues that organisms, defined by a semi-permeable membrane or skin separating organism from environment, are (must be) semiotically alert responders to environments (both Innenwelt and Umwelt). As organisms and environments complexify over time, so, necessarily, does semiotic responsiveness, or ‘semiotic freedom’. In complex environments, semiotic responsiveness necessitates increasing plasticity of discernment, or discrimination. Such judgements, in other words, involve interpretations. The latter, in effect, consist of translations of a range of sign relations which, like metaphor, are based on (...)
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  20.  4
    Kalevi Kull & Ekaterina Velmezova (2012). Biosemiotics in a Gallery. Biosemiotics 5 (3):313-317.
    In this article we review the biosemiotic art exhibition «Signs of life» (Livstegn), that was organized by the Danish installation artist Morten Skriver and the biosemiotician Jesper Hoffmeyer in 2011 at the Esbjerg Art Museum (Denmark). The exhibition presented five central (bio)semiotic concepts using artistic tools: the semiosphere, the sign, semiotic scaffolding, semiotic freedom, and surfaces.
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  21.  6
    Marcello Barbieri (2008). What is Biosemiotics? Biosemiotics 1 (1):1-3.
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  22.  26
    Walter Gulick (2012). “Polanyian Biosemiotics and the From-Via-To Dimensions of Meaning”. Tradition and Discovery 39 (1):18-33.
    A central aim of Michael Polanyi’s philosophy is to demonstrate the many ways in which human existence is meaningful to counter the nihilistic and positivistic accounts that contributed to the world wars and totalitarian governments in the twentieth century. Yet Polanyi’s references to various sorts of meaning is suggestive rather than systematic and coherent. The objective of this essay is to show the relationship between the different aspects of meaning by viewing their emergence in cosmological perspective beginning with simple forms (...)
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  23.  1
    Søren Brier (1999). Biosemiotics and the Foundation of Cybersemiotics: Reconceptualizing the Insights of Ethology, Second-Order Cybernetics, and Peirce’s Semiotics in Biosemiotics to Create a Non-Cartesian Information Science. Semiotica 127 (1-4):169-198.
    Any great new theoretical framework has an epistemological and an ontological aspect to its philosophy as well as an axiological one, and one needs to understand all three aspects in order to grasp the deep aspiration and idea of the theoretical framework. Presently, there is a widespread effort to understand C. S. Peirce's (1837–1914) pragmaticistic semeiotics, and to develop it by integrating the results of modern science and evolutionary thinking; first, producing a biosemiotics and, second, by integrating it with (...)
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  24.  4
    Marcello Barbieri (2008). The Scylla and Charybdis of Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics 1 (3):281-284.
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  25.  73
    Attila Grandpierre (2013). The Origin of Cellular Life and Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics (3):1-15.
    Recent successes of systems biology clarified that biological functionality is multilevel. We point out that this fact makes it necessary to revise popular views about macromolecular functions and distinguish between local, physico-chemical and global, biological functions. Our analysis shows that physico-chemical functions are merely tools of biological functionality. This result sheds new light on the origin of cellular life, indicating that in evolutionary history, assignment of biological functions to cellular ingredients plays a crucial role. In this wider picture, even if (...)
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  26. Andrew Robinson, Christopher Southgate & Terrence Deacon (2010). Discussion of the Conceptual Basis of Biosemiotics. Zygon 45 (2):409-418.
    Kalevi Kull and colleagues recently proposed eight theses as a conceptual basis for the field of biosemiotics. We use these theses as a framework for discussing important current areas of debate in biosemiotics with particular reference to the articles collected in this issue of Zygon.
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  27.  10
    John Deely (forthcoming). Semiotics and Biosemiotics: Are Sign-Science and Life-Science Coextensive. Biosemiotics: The Semiotic Web 1991.
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  28.  8
    Anton Markoš (2009). Do Biosemiotics, But Don't Forget Semiosis. Biosemiotics 2 (1):117-119.
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  29.  3
    Joachim De Beule (2012). Von Neumann's Legacy for a Scientific Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics 5 (1):1-4.
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  30.  7
    Prisca Augustyn (2009). Translating Jakob von Uexküll — Reframing Umweltlehre as Biosemiotics. Sign Systems Studies 37 (1-2):281-297.
    Thomas Sebeok attributed it to what he called the ‘wretched’ translation of Uexküll’s Theoretische Biologie (1920) that the notion of Umwelt did not reachthe Anglo-American intellectual community much earlier. There is no doubt that making more of Uexküll’s Umweltlehre available in English will not only furtherthe biosemiotic movement, but also fill a gap in the foundational theoretical canon of semiotics in general. The purpose of this paper is to address issues of terminology and theory translation between Uexküll’s Umweltlehre and current (...)
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  31.  4
    Néstor Carrillo (1997). Biosemiótica. Un Paradigma Emergente En Biología: (Biosemiotics. An Emerging Paradigm in Biology). Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 12 (3):551-565.
    Se propone el uso de la Semiótica como herramienta integradora para investigar los aspectos fundamentales de los seres vivos. Como tal, la Biosemiótica abre nuevas perspectivas metodológicas para integrar un gran numero de fenómenos aparentemente no vinculados o incompatibles entre sí. EI principio básico es que la Biología, desde el nivel molecular al sistemíco, puede ser estudiada como comunicación, y los procesos biológicos como interacciones mediadas por signos. La vida es definida como una propiedad sistemica de la materia. La Biología (...)
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  32.  5
    Marcello Barbieri (2009). For a Scientific Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics 2 (2):127-129.
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  33.  1
    Günther Witzany (2008). The Biosemiotics of Plant Communication. American Journal of Semiotics 24 (1/3):39-56.
    This contribution demonstrates that the development and growth of plants depends on the success of complex communication processes. These communication processes are primarily sign-mediated interactions and are not simply an mechanical exchange of ‘information’, as that term has come to be understood in science. Rather, such interactions as I will be describing here involve the active coordination and organisation of a great variety of different behavioural patterns — all of which must be mediated by signs. Thus proposed, a biosemiotics (...)
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  34.  2
    Tommi Vehkavaara (2002). Why and How to Naturalize Semiotic Concepts for Biosemiotics. Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):293-312.
    Any attempt to develop biosemiotics either towards a new biological ground theory or towards a metaphysics of living nature necessitates some kind of naturalization of its semiotic concepts. Instead of standard physicalistic naturalism, a certain kind of semiotic naturalism is pursued here. The naturalized concepts are defined as referring only to the objects of our external experience. When the semiotic concepts are applied to natural phenomena in biosemiotics, there is a risk of falling into anthropomorphic errors if the (...)
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  35.  8
    Koichiro Matsuno (2013). Toward Accommodating Biosemiotics with Experimental Sciences. Biosemiotics 6 (1):125-141.
    Chemical affinity is by itself inclusive of the action of a sign. Naturalization of the action of a sign is latent in the material organization holding its own identity by means of the exchange of material. A concrete experimental example is the citric acid cycle running in the absence of biological enzymes. The carbon atoms to be exchanged round the cycle serve as the signs for holding the cycle as a natural system. The action of a sign operates in the (...)
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  36.  6
    Søren Brier & Cliff Joslyn (2013). Information in Biosemiotics: Introduction to the Special Issue. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 6 (1):1-7.
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  37.  4
    Joachim De Beule, Eivind Hovig & Mikael Benson (2011). Introducing Dynamics Into the Field of Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics 4 (1):5-24.
  38.  2
    Alexei A. Sharov (forthcoming). Biosemiotics: A Functional-Evolutionary Approach to the Analysis of the Sense of Information. Biosemiotics: The Semiotic Web.
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  39.  2
    Jui-Pi Chien (2011). Can Saussure's Orangery Manuscripts Shed New Light on Biosemiotics? Semiotica 2011 (185):51-77.
    In the field of biosemiotics in our time, Ferdinand de Saussure's theory of semiology has been dismissed for its glottocentric, anthropocentric, and dyadic characteristics and as such unsuitable for the said field. Such accusation is symptomatic of an extremely narrow view of Saussure, which ignores the efforts he made in tackling problems concerning the unification of biology and semiotics . A broader view of Saussure, emerging from the newly-discovered orangery manuscripts along with his thought-provoking course lectures, reveals that his (...)
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  40.  3
    K. Bielecka (2012). Biosemiotics and Constructivism: Strong Allies. Review of “Essential Readings in Biosemiotics” Edited by Donald Favareau. Constructivist Foundations 7 (3):228-230.
    Upshot: The reader presents a unique collection of the most important works in biosemiotics. It spans 880 pages, describing classical and modern theories, with excerpts from the most significant papers on the topic of biosemiotics, as well as suggesting further reading on the topic.
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  41. Walter A. Koch (forthcoming). Ecogenesis and Echogenesis: Some Problems for Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics: The Semiotic Web.
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  42.  5
    Jonathan Hope & Pierre-Louis Patoine (2009). “Does a Glass of White Wine Taste Like a Glass of Domain Sigalas Santorini Asirtiko Athiri 2005?” A Biosemiotic Approach to Wine-Tasting. Biosemiotics 2 (1):65-76.
    The object of our paper is to examine how wine-related knowledge and practices play an important role in determining the respective flavour experiences of novice wine drinkers and sommeliers. We defend the idea that sensation is informed by knowledge, as it circulates in a cultural environment. Biosemiotics has developed appropriate concepts helping us understand how the same wine can generate diverging experiences. Within a biosemiotic framework, we consider wine flavours as relational, semiosic experiences produced by the convergence of sensory-discriminative, (...)
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  43.  1
    James Carney (2008). Advertising and the Predation Loop: A Biosemiotic Model. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 1 (3):313-327.
    The basic premise of biosemiotics as a discipline is that there are elementary processes linking signifying strategies in all forms of animate life. Correspondingly, the discoveries of biosemiotics should, in principle, be capable of revealing new insights about human signification. In the present article, I show that this is in fact the case by constructing a biosemiotic model that links advertising strategies with corresponding structures in animal predation. The methodological framework for this model is the catastrophe theory of (...)
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  44.  2
    Donald Favareau (2008). The Biosemiotic Turn. Biosemiotics 1 (1):5-23.
    With the publication of this inaugural issue of the internationally peer-reviewed journal Biosemiotics, our still-developing young interdiscipline marks yet another milestone in its journey towards adulthood. For this occasion, the editors of Biosemiotics have asked me to provide for those readers who may be newcomers to our field a very brief overview of the history of biosemiotics, contextualizing it within and against the larger currents of philosophical and scientific thinking from which it has emerged. To explain the (...)
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  45.  11
    Kalevi Kull (2001). Biosemiotics and the Problem of Intrinsic Value of Nature. Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):353-364.
    This article poses the hypothesis that the problem of the intrinsic value of nature that stems from the work of G. E. Moore and is widely discussed in environmental philosophy, bas a parallel in a contemporary discussion in semiotics on the existence of semiosis in nature. From a semiotic point of view. value can be defined as an intentional dimension of sign. This is concordant with a biological interpretation of value that relates to biological needs. Thus. a semiotic approach in (...)
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  46.  8
    Luis Emilio Bruni (2001). Biosemiotics and Ecological Monitoring. Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):293-311.
    During the recent decades, a global culrural-institutional network has gradually grown lip to project, implement, and use an enormous technological web that is supposed to observe, monitor, communicate, inventory, and assess our environment and its biodiversity in order to implement sustainable management models. The majority of "knowledge tools" that have been incorporated in the mainstream of this "techno-web" are amply based on a combination of mechanistic biology, genetic reductionism, economical determinism and neo-Darwinian cultural and biological perspectives. These approaches leave aside (...)
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  47.  4
    Thomas A. Sebeok (2001). Biosemiotics: Its Roots, Proliferation, and Prospects. Semiotica 2001 (134).
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  48.  4
    Almo Farina (2012). A Biosemiotic Perspective of the Resource Criterion: Toward a General Theory of Resources. Biosemiotics 5 (1):17-32.
    Describing resources and their relationships with organisms seems to be a useful approach to a ‘unified ecology’, contributing to fill the gap between natural and human oriented processes, and opening new perspectives in dealing with biological complexity. This Resource Criterion defines the main properties of resources, describes the mechanisms that link them to individual species, and gives a particular emphasis to the biosemiotic approach that allows resources to be identified inside a heterogeneous ecological medium adopting the eco-field model. In particular, (...)
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  49.  5
    Marcello Barbieri (2002). Has Biosemiotics Come of Age? Semiotica 2002 (139):283-295.
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  50.  5
    Kalevi Kull (1999). Biosemiotics in the Twentieth Century: A View From Biology. Semiotica 127 (1-4):385-414.
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