Search results for 'characteristica universalis' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  47
    Arianna Betti (2010). Leśniewski's Characteristica Universalis. Synthese 174 (2):295-314.
    Leśniewski’s systems deviate greatly from standard logic in some basic features. The deviant aspects are rather well known, and often cited among the reasons why Leśniewski’s work enjoys little recognition. This paper is an attempt to explain why those aspects should be there at all. Leśniewski built his systems inspired by a dream close to Leibniz’s characteristica universalis: a perfect system of deductive theories encoding our knowledge of the world, based on a perfect language. My main claim is (...)
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  2. Barry Smith (1992). Characteristica Universalis. In Kevin Mulligan (ed.), Language, Truth and Ontology. Kluwer 48--77.
    Recent work in formal philosophy has concentrated over-whelmingly on the logical problems pertaining to epistemic shortfall - which is to say on the various ways in which partial and sometimes incorrect information may be stored and processed. A directly depicting language, in contrast, would reflect a condition of epistemic perfection. It would enable us to construct representations not of our knowledge but of the structures of reality itself, in much the way that chemical diagrams allow the representation (at a certain (...)
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  3.  42
    Volker Peckhaus (2004). Calculus Ratiocinator Versus Characteristica Universalis? The Two Traditions in Logic, Revisited. History and Philosophy of Logic 25 (1):3-14.
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  4.  14
    Wilhelm Risse (1969). Die Characteristica Universalis bei Leibniz. Studi Internazionali Di Filosofia 1:107-116.
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  5. Martin Schneider (1994). Leibniz'Konzeption der characteristica universalis' zwischen 1677 und 1690. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 48 (188):213-236.
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  6.  3
    Hans Burkhardt (1987). The Leibnizian Characteristica Universalis as Link Between Grammar and Logic. In D. D. Buzzetti & M. Ferriani (eds.), Speculative Grammar, Universal Grammar, and Philosophical Analysis of Language. John Benjamins 43-64.
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  7. Burkhardt Hans (1987). The Leibnizian Characteristica Universalis as Link Between Grammar and Logic. In D. D. Buzzetti & M. Ferriani (eds.), Speculative Grammar, Universal Grammar, and Philosophical Analysis of Language. John Benjamins 43--63.
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  8. Sebastian Klotz (2006). 5. Musik im Dienst einer künstlichen universellen Symbolsprache: Die Leibnizsche characteristica universalis. In Kombinatorik Und Die Verbindungskünste der Zeichen in der Musik Zwischen 1630 Und 1780. Akademie Verlag 99-112.
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  9.  3
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (2006). Book Teil A: Teil a, a 1. Scientia Generalis. Characteristica. Calculus Universalis, 35. -; 56. In Philosophische Schriften Band 4: Band 4: 1677-1690. Akademie Verlag 102-194.
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  10.  2
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (2006). Book Teil A: Teil a, a 1. Scientia Generalis. Characteristica. Calculus Universalis, 1. -; 34. In Philosophische Schriften Band 4: Band 4: 1677-1690. Akademie Verlag 1-101.
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  11.  2
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (2006). Book Teil A: Teil a, a 1. Scientia Generalis. Characteristica. Calculus Universalis, 176. -; 194. In Philosophische Schriften Band 4: Band 4: 1677-1690. Akademie Verlag 829-925.
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  12.  2
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (2006). Book Teil A: Teil a, a 1. Scientia Generalis. Characteristica. Calculus Universalis, 195. -; 211. In Philosophische Schriften Band 4: Band 4: 1677-1690. Akademie Verlag 926-1002.
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  13.  2
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (2006). Book Teil A: Teil a, a 1. Scientia Generalis. Characteristica. Calculus Universalis, 57. -; 70. In Philosophische Schriften Band 4: Band 4: 1677-1690. Akademie Verlag 195-296.
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  14.  2
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (2006). Book Teil A: Teil a, a 1. Scientia Generalis. Characteristica. Calculus Universalis, 71. -; 97. In Philosophische Schriften Band 4: Band 4: 1677-1690. Akademie Verlag 297-397.
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  15.  2
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (2006). Book Teil A: Teil a, a 1. Scientia Generalis. Characteristica. Calculus Universalis, 98. -; 116. In Philosophische Schriften Band 4: Band 4: 1677-1690. Akademie Verlag 398-495.
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  16.  2
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (2006). Book Teil A: Teil a, a 1. Scientia Generalis. Characteristica. Calculus Universalis, 117. -; 140. In Philosophische Schriften Band 4: Band 4: 1677-1690. Akademie Verlag 496-584.
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  17.  2
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (2006). Book Teil A: Teil a, a 1. Scientia Generalis. Characteristica. Calculus Universalis, 141. -; 157. In Philosophische Schriften Band 4: Band 4: 1677-1690. Akademie Verlag 585-672.
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  18.  2
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (2006). Book Teil A: Teil a, a 1. Scientia Generalis. Characteristica. Calculus Universalis, 158. -; 164. In Philosophische Schriften Band 4: Band 4: 1677-1690. Akademie Verlag 673-738.
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  19.  2
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (2006). Book Teil A: Teil a, a 1. Scientia Generalis. Characteristica. Calculus Universalis, 165. -; 175. In Philosophische Schriften Band 4: Band 4: 1677-1690. Akademie Verlag 739-828.
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  20.  2
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (2006). Book Teil B: Teil B, a 2. Scientia Generalis. Characteristica. Calculus Universalis -; Excerpta Et Notae Marginales, 212. -; 231. [REVIEW] In Philosophische Schriften Band 4: Band 4: 1677-1690. Akademie Verlag 1003-1096.
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  21.  2
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (2006). Book Teil B: Teil B, a 2. Scientia Generalis. Characteristica. Calculus Universalis -; Excerpta Et Notae Marginales, 232. -; 237. [REVIEW] In Philosophische Schriften Band 4: Band 4: 1677-1690. Akademie Verlag 1097-1200.
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  22.  2
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (2006). Book Teil B: Teil B, a 2. Scientia Generalis. Characteristica. Calculus Universalis -; Excerpta Et Notae Marginales, 238. -; 241. [REVIEW] In Philosophische Schriften Band 4: Band 4: 1677-1690. Akademie Verlag 1201-1299.
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  23.  2
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (2006). Book Teil B: Teil B, a 2. Scientia Generalis. Characteristica. Calculus Universalis -; Excerpta Et Notae Marginales, 242. -; 247. [REVIEW] In Philosophische Schriften Band 4: Band 4: 1677-1690. Akademie Verlag 1299-1344.
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  24. J. Y. Beziau & Logica Universalis (forthcoming). c© 2005 Birkhäuser Verlag Basel/Switzerland. Logica Universalis:19.
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  25.  1
    Leticia Cabañas Agrela (2010). La superación por Leibniz de la lógica aristotélica. Daimon: Revista de Filosofia:67-74.
    El punto de partida del calculus universalis leibniziano es la teoría aristotélica del silogismo, pero Leibniz se independiza de las ideas de Aristóteles para desarrollar su propio sistema lógico, mucho más general, aplicando el instrumento combinatorio a la silogística. Lo que propone es una importante modificación del modelo demostrativo axiomático, mediante la creación de cálculos lógico-simbólicos que no se limitan a los ámbitos tradicionales de la deducción, sino que admiten procedimientos discursivos más complejos que los de la lógica clásica, (...)
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  26. Barry Smith & Kevin Mulligan (1983). Framework for Formal Ontology. Topoi 2 (1):73-85.
    The discussions which follow rest on a distinction, first expounded by Husserl, between formal logic and formal ontology. The former concerns itself with (formal) meaning-structures; the latter with formal structures amongst objects and their parts. The paper attempts to show how, when formal ontological considerations are brought into play, contemporary extensionalist theories of part and whole, and above all the mereology of Leniewski, can be generalised to embrace not only relations between concrete objects and object-pieces, but also relations between what (...)
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  27.  13
    J. Mittelstrass (2006). The Philosopher's Conception of Mathesis Universalis From Descartes to Leibniz. Annals of Science 36 (6):593-610.
    In Descartes, the concept of a ‘universal science’ differs from that of a ‘mathesis universalis’, in that the latter is simply a general theory of quantities and proportions. Mathesis universalis is closely linked with mathematical analysis; the theorem to be proved is taken as given, and the analyst seeks to discover that from which the theorem follows. Though the analytic method is followed in the Meditations, Descartes is not concerned with a mathematisation of method; mathematics merely provides him (...)
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  28. Georg Graf Wallwttz (1991). Strukturelle Probleme in Leibniz'Analysis Situs. Studia Leibnitiana 23 (1):111-118.
    In the first part of this paper the Leibnizian theory of relations is presented as the metaphysical background of his concept of space. The structure of metaphysical space is dominated by the monads while geometrical aspects are neglected. In the second part the paper deals with Leibniz' concept of space in his mathematical works and especially in the Analysis Situs . What emerges is that the attempt to transfer philosophical arguments into mathematical structures fails because of the incompatibility of notions (...)
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  29.  2
    Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1977). Frege, Leibniz Et Alii. Studia Leibnitiana 9 (2):266 - 274.
    Es ist allgemein bekannt, daß Frege stark von Leibniz beeinflußt worden ist; jedoch behauptet Patzig (Frege, Leibniz u. d. sogenannte ,lingua characteristica universalis', in: Studia Leibnitiana, Suppl., vol. III no. 3 (1969), pp. 103-112), daß seine Leibniz-Kenntnisse nur auf indirekten Quellen fußten und im Grunde äußerst gering waren. Dieser Aufsatz soll zeigen, daß solche und ähnliche Behauptungen auf ungenügender Kenntnis von Freges Schriften beruhen.
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  30.  2
    Rossella Fabbrichesi (2011). Iconic Thought and Diagrammatical Scripture: Peirce and the Leibnizian Tradition. Semiotica 2011 (186):111-127.
    I will sustain in this article that Peirce can be seen as the last great representative of that inconspicuous but persistent tradition that, from the thirteenth to the seventeenth century, spent its energies on discovering a universal language. His project of Existential Graphs is in fact grounded on the isomorphism among a Sheet of Assertion, in which Graphs-signs are drawn, a Mind, with its thoughts-signs, and the Universe, with its facts-signs. In the same sense, Leibniz worked on his Characteristica (...)
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  31.  3
    V. T. Miskovska (1962). Comenius (Komensky) on Lexical Symbolism in an Artificial Language. Philosophy 37 (141):238 - 244.
    Although philosophising about given languages had been going on ever since the time of Plato's Kratylos , the idea of an artificial philosophical language or system of signs began to take shape in the seventeenth century. Both Descartes and Mersenne explored the ground for the foundations of a system of expressions which could meet all the requirements of logical thought; but the merit of presenting the first elaborate plans goes to the British authors George Dalgarno and John Wilkins. 1 Leibniz (...)
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  32. Jan C. Westerhoff (1999). Poeta Calculans: Harsdorffer, Leibniz, and the Mathesis Universalis. Journal of the History of Ideas 60 (3):449-467.
    This paper seeks to indicate some connections between a major philosophi- cal project of the seventeenth century, the conception of a mathesis universalis, and the practice of baroque poetry. I shall argue that these connections consist in a peculiar view of language and systems of notation which was particularly common in European baroque culture and which provided the necessary conceptual background for both poetry and the mathesis universalis.
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  33. Paola Cantù, Bolzano Versus Kant: Mathematics as a Scientia Universalis. Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Kevin Mulligan.
    The paper discusses some changes in Bolzano's definition of mathematics attested in several quotations from the Beyträge, Wissenschaftslehre and Grössenlehre: is mathematics a theory of forms or a theory of quantities? Several issues that are maintained throughout Bolzano's works are distinguished from others that were accepted in the Beyträge and abandoned in the Grössenlehre. Changes are interpreted as a consequence of the new logical theory of truth introduced in the Wissenschaftslehre, but also as a consequence of the overcome of Kant's (...)
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  34.  84
    Tapio Korte (2010). Frege's Begriffsschrift as a Lingua Characteristica. Synthese 174 (2):283 - 294.
    In this paper I suggest an answer to the question of what Frege means when he says that his logical system, the Begrijfsschrift, is like the language Leibniz sketched, a lingua characteristica, and not merely a logical calculus. According to the nineteenth century studies, Leibniz's lingua characteristica was supposed to be a language with which the truths of science and the constitution of its concepts could be accurately expressed. I argue that this is exactly what the Begriffsschrift is: (...)
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  35. Wolfgang Lenzen (2000). Guilielmi Pacidii Non plus ultra oder: Eine Rekonstruktion des Leibnizschen Plus-Minus-Kalküls. Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 3.
    In the first part of this paper a short review of the recently published 4th volume of Series 6 of the Akademie-Ausgabe of Leibniz’s Sämtliche Schriften und Briefe is given. This 3,000-page volume was edited by the Leibniz-Forschungsstelle in Münster, Germany. It contains unsurpassable, text-critical versions of more than 500 pieces which Leibniz composed between 1677 and 1690. One major topic dealt with in these essays is "Scientia Generalis, Characteristica, Calculus universalis". Here we find in particular various fragments (...)
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  36.  20
    Jean-Pascal Alcantara (1997). La Théorie Leibnizienne du Changement En 1676: Une Interpretation du Dialogue Pacidius Philalethi a la Lumière de la Caractéristique Géométrique (Leibniz's Theory of Variation in 1676: An Interpretation of the Dialogue Pacidius Philalethi Through the Characteristica Geometrica). [REVIEW] Theoria 12 (2):225-255.
    Cherchant à refonder l’édifice euclidien, Leibniz a formulé une Caractéristique géométrique qui annonce les concepts géneraux de la théorie des ensembles. Dans ce cadre, il a pu en particulier formaliser sa conception du continu. L’intérêt du Pacidius Philalethi (1676) est de montrer qu’en choisissant la conception intensionnelle du continu -position qu’il ne dementira jamais- il sélectionne parmi les images duales celle dont se déduit le changement qualitatif, base d’une philosophie naturelle qui soutiendra encore la dynamique ultérieure. Une tâche se dessine (...)
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  37.  23
    Érico Andrade M. de Oliveira (2010). La Genèse de la Méthode Cartésienne : La Mathesis Universalis Et la Rédaction de la Quatrième des Règles Pour la Direction de L'Esprit. Dialogue 49 (2):173-198.
    ABSTRACT : On many accounts, Rule IV appears to be composed of two distinct texts, and this should be justified by the difference between the mathesis universalis and the Cartesian method. This article runs counter to the usual interpretation by showing that the discussion on mathematics in Rule IV has enabled the introduction of method constraining scientific research to operate on grounds of order and measurement. The mathesis universalis is not so much a science of higher mathematics as (...)
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  38. Witold Marciszewski (2011). „Mathesis Universalis” na nasze czasy. Wkład Fregego, Cantora i Godla. Zagadnienia Naukoznawstwa 47 (4).
    Zwrot \"Mathesis Universalis\" (MU) oznacza projekt unifikacji całości wiedzy za pomocą metody matematycznej. Powstał on pod tą nazwą u progu nowożytności, a częściowo miał antycypacje w starożytności i średniowieczu. Głównymi jego rzecznikami byli Kartezjusz i Leibniz. Podejście Leibniza jest radykalnie formalistyczne, a przez to nadające sie do realizacji maszynowej, podczas gdy Kartezjusza - zdecydowanie antyformalistyczne. Artykuł koncentruje się na projekcie Leibniza jako tym, który ma kontynuację w nauce współczesnej. Zamysł, żeby narzędziem realizacji projektu była uniwersalna symbolika i rachunek logiczny (...)
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  39. H. J. de Vleeschauwer (1938). Les Antinomies Kantiennes Et la Clavis Universalis d'Arthur Collier. Mind 47 (187):303-320.
  40.  4
    Fokko Jan Dijksterhuis (2014). Reworking Descartes' Mathesis Universalis. Metascience 23 (3):613-618.
    Descartes-Agonistes is the magnum opus of John Schuster, formerly of the University of New South Wales, honorary fellow at the University of Sydney. Its roots go back to the dissertation he wrote 35 years ago under Thomas Kuhn at Princeton University. As Schuster correctly remarks, some regard his dissertation as an underground classic. I count myself among them: Schuster’s work has been directional in my work on the history of early modern science. Schuster himself prefers to regard his dissertation as (...)
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  41. J. Y. Beziau (ed.) (2005). Logica Universalis. Birkhäuser Verlog.
    Universal Logic is not a new logic, but a general theory of logics, considered as mathematical structures. The name was introduced about ten years ago, but the subject is as old as the beginning of modern logic: Alfred Tarski and other Polish logicians such as Adolf Lindenbaum developed a general theory of logics at the end of the 1920s based on consequence operations and logical matrices. The subject was revived after the flowering of thousands of new logics during the last (...)
     
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  42. Jaakko Hintikka (1997). Lingua Universalis Vs. Calculus Ratiocinator an Ultimate Presupposition of Twentieth-Century Philosophy.
     
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  43. David Rabouin (2009). Mathesis Universalis: L'Idée de Mathématique Universelle d'Aristote à Descartes. Presses Universitaires de France.
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  44.  60
    Jan Westerhoff (2003). Ars Characteristica Kantiana: Ludwig Benedict Trede's Forgotten Necessary Grammar. Kant-Studien 94 (3):333-351.
    This paper discusses a nowadays completely forgotten 18th century attempt of constructing an artificial universal language in a Kantian framework. I give a brief sketch of this language and then address the continuing philosophical significance of the project, focusing in particular on the notions of predication and the copula and on the problem of psychologism.
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  45.  23
    Mark A. Waddell (2012). Tiziana Pangrazi, La Musurgia Universalis di Athanasius Kircher: Contenuti, Fonti, Terminologia (Florence: Leo. S. Olschki, 2009), pp. xxiv+206; € 24.00 (softcover), ISBN 978 88222 5886 1. [REVIEW] Early Science and Medicine 17 (6):665-666.
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  46. Tapio Korte (2010). Frege’s Begriffsschrift as a Lingua Characteristica. Synthese 174 (2):283-294.
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  47.  15
    Massimo Mugnai (2005). Calculus Universalis. The Leibniz Review 15:169-181.
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  48.  9
    José Villalobos Domínguez (1995). Mathesis Universalis Cartesiana. Cuadernos Sobre Vico 96:239.
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  49.  1
    Volker Peckhaus (1999). Logik, Mathesis Universalis Und Allgemeine Wissenschaft. Leibniz Und Die Wiederentdeckung der Formalen Logik Im 19. Jahrhundert. Studia Logica 63 (3):441-442.
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  50.  1
    J. S. Wilkie (1965). Essay Review: Harvey's Immediate Debt to Aristotle and to Galen: The Anatomical Lectures of William Harvey. Prelectiones Anatomie Universalis: De Musculis. History of Science 4 (1):103-124.
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