Search results for 'child support' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Elizabeth Brake (2005). Fatherhood and Child Support: Do Men Have a Right to Choose? Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (1):55–73.score: 210.0
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  2. Rebecca Boden & Mary Childs (1996). Paying for Procreation: Child Support Arrangements in the UK. [REVIEW] Feminist Legal Studies 4 (2):131-157.score: 152.0
    Under the present system it is a very good thing to remain happily married, I have to tell you!
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  3. Cindy Elmore (2010). On and On, Over and Over: The Gender War in Child Support Enforcement Court. Feminist Studies 36 (2):397-403.score: 150.0
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  4. Francie Lund (2012). 18 Children, Citizenship and Child Support: The Child Support Grant in Post-Apartheid South Africa. Proceedings of the British Academy 182:475.score: 150.0
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  5. Patricia Major (2010). Book Review of Time to Care: Redesigning Child Care to Promote Education, Support Families, and Build Communities. [REVIEW] Educational Studies 38 (1):72-76.score: 144.0
    (2005). BOOK REVIEW of Time to Care: Redesigning Child Care to Promote Education, Support Families, and Build Communities. Educational Studies: Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 72-76.
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  6. Inga Kudinavičiūtė-Michailovienė & Jolanta Vėgelienė (2012). Child Maintenance: Several Topical Theoretical and Practical Aspects. Jurisprudence 19 (1):209-229.score: 102.0
    The Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania1 determines that both parents have to maintain their minors, while the state has to establish conditions under which parents would be able to do their duties, i.e. undertakes responsibility to maintain the children who lack the maintenance from their parents. Latter obligations are concretized in the Civil Code of the Republic of Lithuania2 (3.192–3.204 art.). It also anticipates the principles under which the child’s maintenance should be provided, its forms, size criteria and (...)
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  7. Linas Žalnieriūnas & Tomas Girdenis (2013). Problematic Qualification Aspects of the Avoidance to Maintain a Child and Alternative Ways of Child Maintenance. Jurisprudence 20 (2):707-724.score: 72.0
    The article analyzes one of the fundamental rights – the right to maintenance, which proper implementation ensures normal development of the child. This right matches with the duty of parents to maintain their minor children. Paragraph 6 of Article 38 of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania states that parents have a duty to educate their children to be honest people and loyal citizens, supporting them until adulthood. The obligation to maintain children is established in the first 3.192 (...)
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  8. Andrea Beetz, Henri Julius, Dennis Turner & Kurt Kotrschal (2012). Effects of Social Support by a Dog on Stress Modulation in Male Children with Insecure Attachment. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 66.0
    Up to 90% of children with special education needs and about 40% of children in the general population show insecure or disorganized attachment patterns, which are linked to a diminished ability to use social support by others for the regulation of stress. The aim of the study was to investigate if children with insecure-avoidant/disorganized attachment can profit more from social support by a dog compared to a friendly human during a stressful task. We investigated 47 male children (age (...)
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  9. Daniel Yurovsky, Chen Yu & Linda B. Smith (2012). Statistical Speech Segmentation and Word Learning in Parallel: Scaffolding From Child-Directed Speech. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 66.0
    In order to acquire their native languages, children must learn richly structured systems with regularities at multiple levels. While structure at different levels could be learned serially, e.g. speech segmentation coming before word-object mapping, redundancies across levels make parallel learning more efficient. For instance, a series of syllables is likely to be a word not only because of high transitional probabilities, but also because of a consistently co-occurring object. But additional statistics require additional processing, and thus might not be useful (...)
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  10. Linda J. Graham (2008). Child-Rearing Inc.: On the Perils of Political Paralysis Down Under. Educational Philosophy and Theory 40 (6):739-746.score: 66.0
    In his 2007 PESA keynote address, Paul Smeyers discussed the increasing regulation of child-rearing through government intervention and the generation of 'experts', citing particular examples from Europe where cases of childhood obesity and parental neglect have stirred public opinion and political debate. In his paper ('Child-Rearing: On government intervention and the discourse of experts', this issue), Smeyers touches on a number of tensions before concluding that child-rearing qualifies as a practice in which liberal governments should be reluctant (...)
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  11. [deleted]Heledd Hart & Katya Rubia (2012). Neuroimaging of Child Abuse: A Critical Review. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 66.0
    Childhood maltreatment is a severe stressor that can lead to the development of behaviour problems and affect brain structure and function. This review summarizes the current evidence for the effects of early childhood maltreatment on behavior, cognition and the brain in adults and children. Neuropsychological studies suggest an association between child abuse and deficits in IQ, memory, executive function and emotion discrimination. Structural neuroimaging studies provide evidence for deficits in brain volume, grey and white matter of several regions, most (...)
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  12. Richard J. Gelles (1991). Physical Violence, Child Abuse, and Child Homicide. Human Nature 2 (1):59-72.score: 66.0
    The study of child abuse and child homicide has been based on the often implicit assumption that there is a continuum of violence ranging from mild physical punishment to severe abuse and homicide. Empirical data supporting this assumption are sparse. Existing data can be shown, however, to support an assumption that there are distinct forms of violence, not a continuum. This paper reviews these data and discusses their implications for the study of violence, abuse, and homicide in (...)
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  13. Jacques N. Catudal (1999). Censorship, the Internet, and the Child Pornography Law of 1996: A Critique. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 1 (2):105-115.score: 54.0
    After describing the Child Pornography Prevention Act (CPPA) of 1996, I argue that the Act ought to be significantly amended. The central objections to CPPA are (1) that it is so broad in its main proscriptions as to violate the First Amendment rights of adults; (2) that it altogether fails to provide minors and their legal guardians with the privacy rights needed to combat the harms associated with certain classes of prurient material on the Internet; and, (3) that the (...)
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  14. Hazel Davies (2009). Ethics and Practice in Child Protection. Ethics and Social Welfare 3 (3):322-328.score: 54.0
    The author uses a case history to compare the approaches taken by social care teams in engaging with parents whose care of their children has been called into question. As organising secretary for Parent Aid, a voluntary support service for Essex families who had or were likely to become clients of Social Services, she drew up a list of five keys points that would improve working relations with parents in child protection and court situations and relates them to (...)
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  15. Bas Levering (2011). 'The Interests of the Child' Seen From the Child's Perspective: The Case of the Netherlands. Ethics and Education 6 (2):109-123.score: 54.0
    The Dutch government has decided to intervene in parents? role in bringing up their children by imposing compulsory parenting support. As such an intervention has to be legitimatised as being ?in the interests of the child?, it is important to take a closer look at this concept. First it is shown that it is not evident that the government has the right to intervene in this way. Within the ?child?parents?government? triangle three protective shells of self-determination can be (...)
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  16. Patrick Kermit (2010). Choosing for the Child with Cochlear Implants: A Note of Precaution. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (2):157-167.score: 54.0
    Recent contributions to discussions on paediatric cochlear implantation in Norway indicate two mutually exclusive doctrines prescribing the best course of post-operative support for a child with cochlear implants; bilingually with sign language and spoken language simultaneously or primarily monolingually with speech only. This conflict constitutes an ethical problem for parents responsible for choosing between one of the two alternatives. This article puts forth the precautionary principle as a possible solution to this problem. Although scientific uncertainty exists in the (...)
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  17. Kevin McGovern (2012). Continuing the Pregnancy When the Unborn Child has a Life-Limiting Condition. Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 17 (3):5.score: 54.0
    McGovern, Kevin When an unborn child is diagnosed with a life-limiting or life-threatening condition, many people now believe that the best solution is to immediately terminate the pregnancy. This article explores the option of continuing the pregnancy with the support of perinatal palliative care. Many parents have found this alternative fits better with their values, and better honours both their unborn child and their situation as the loving parents of this child. The article also explores the (...)
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  18. Roberto Bottini & Daniel Casasanto (2013). Space and Time in the Child's Mind: Metaphoric or ATOMic? Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 54.0
    Space and time are intimately linked in the human mind, but different theories make different predictions about the nature of this relationship. Metaphor Theory (MT) predicts an asymmetric relationship between space and time. By contrast, A Theory of Magnitude (ATOM) does not predict any cross-dimensional asymmetry, since according to ATOM spatial and temporal extents are represented by a common neural metric for analog magnitude. To date, experiments designed to contrast these theories support MT over ATOM, in adults and children. (...)
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  19. Craig Hadley (2004). The Costs and Benefits of Kin. Human Nature 15 (4):377-395.score: 54.0
    In this paper data from a Tanzanian horticultural population are used to assess whether mother’s kin network size predicts several measures of children’s health and well-being, and whether any kin effects are modified by household socioeconomic status. This hypothesis is further tested with a questionnaire on maternal attitudes towards kin. Results show small associations between measures of maternal kin network size and child mortality and children’s growth performance. Together these results suggest that kin positively influence child health, but (...)
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  20. E. Hemming & J. Akhurst (2009). Mothers' Life-Worlds in a Developing Context When a Child has Special Needs. Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 9 (1).score: 54.0
    This South African study investigates the lived experiences of a group of isiZulu mothers of children diagnosed with multiple disabilities. Data collection from regular focus group discussions proceeded with the assistance of a translator skilled in working in isiZulu and English. The phenomenological approach employed revealed the mothers' philosophical acceptance of their child's disability. Issues of concern to the women that emerged include the effects of the child's disability on their lives, the treatment options for their children, and (...)
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  21. R. D. Orr & L. B. Genesen (1997). Requests for "Inappropriate" Treatment Based on Religious Beliefs. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (3):142-147.score: 48.0
    Requests by patients or their families for treatment which the patient's physician considers to be "inappropriate" are becoming more frequent than refusals of treatment which the physician considers appropriate. Such requests are often based on the patient's religious beliefs about the attributes of God (sovereignty, omnipotence), the attributes of persons (sanctity of life), or the individual's personal relationship with God (communication, commands, etc). We present four such cases and discuss some of the basic religious tenets of the three Abrahamic faith (...)
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  22. Peter Lewis (2007). Portrait of the Patient as a Young Man: An Exploration of the Use of Photographs in Hospital. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (1):51-55.score: 48.0
    The display of personal photographs in hospital is a common practice that has yet to be rigorously examined. The photographs displayed are subject to interpretation by the viewer and may lead to misunderstandings or miscommunication if clarification of meaning is not sought. This paper explores a range of possible meanings that the display of photographs in hospital may hold, based on a case study of a 15 year old boy hospitalised with a life threatening illness. Further research is needed into (...)
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  23. Beverly I. Strassmann & Nikhil T. Kurapati (2010). Are Humans Cooperative Breeders?: Most Studies of Natural Fertility Populations Do Not Support the Grandmother Hypothesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (1):35-39.score: 42.0
    In discussing the effects of grandparents on child survival in natural fertility populations, Coall & Hertwig (C&H) rely extensively on the review by Sear and Mace (2008). We conducted a more detailed summary of the same literature and found that the evidence in favor of beneficial associations between grandparenting and child survival is generally weak or absent. The present state of the data on human alloparenting supports a more restricted use of the term Human stem family situations with (...)
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  24. Lynda Lange (forthcoming). Globalization and the Conceptual Effects of Boundaries Between Western Political Philosophy and Economic Theory: The Case of Publicly Supported Child Care for Working Mothers. Social Philosophy Today.score: 40.0
     
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  25. P. K. Rauch (2000). Comment: Supporting the Child Within the Family. Journal of Clinical Ethics 11 (2):169.score: 40.0
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  26. Mhairi Cowden (2012). What's Love Got to Do with It? Why a Child Does Not Have a Right to Be Loved. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 15 (3):325-345.score: 36.0
    It is often stated in international and domestic legal documents that children have a right to be loved. Yet there is very little explanation of why this right exists or what it entails. Matthew Liao has recently sought to provide such an explanation by arguing that children have a right to be loved as a human right. I will examine Liao?s explanation and in turn argue that children do not have a right to be loved. The first part of the (...)
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  27. Santhy Dewi Karanina & P. Tommy Y. S. Suyasa (2010). Hubungan Persepsi Terhadap Dukungan Suami Dan Penyesuaian Diri Istri Pada Kehamilan Anak Pertama. Phronesis 7 (1).score: 36.0
    : The aim of this research is not to know the relationship between support from husband to their wife at the first parturition and self adjustment. Subjects in this research are 100 pregnant mothers of first child which live in Tangerang. The result is strong positive correlation between support from husband and self adjustment at the first pregnancy.  .
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  28. Darcia Narvaez (2012). Moral Neuroeducation From Early Life Through the Lifespan. Neuroethics 5 (2):145-157.score: 36.0
    Personality and social development begins before birth in the communication among mother, child and environment, during sensitive periods when the child’s brain and body are plastic and epigenetically co-constructed. Triune ethics theory postulates three evolved, neurobiologically-based ethics fostered by early life experience. The security ethic is self-protective. The engagement ethic is relationally attuned. The imagination ethic can abstract from the present moment and imagine alternatives. Climates and cultures can foster one or another ethic. Ancestral environments were more conducive (...)
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  29. I. Miljeteig, K. A. Johansson, S. A. Sayeed & O. F. Norheim (2010). End-of-Life Decisions as Bedside Rationing. An Ethical Analysis of Life Support Restrictions in an Indian Neonatal Unit. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (8):473-478.score: 36.0
    Introduction Hundreds of thousands of premature neonates born in low-income countries are implicitly denied treatment each year. Studies from India show that treatment is rationed even for neonates born at 32 gestational age weeks (GAW), and multiple external factors influence treatment decisions. Is withholding of life-saving treatment for children born between 28 and 32 GAW acceptable from an ethical perspective? Method A seven-step impartial ethical analysis, including outcome analysis of four accepted priority criteria: severity of disease, treatment effect, cost effectiveness (...)
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  30. Jessica M. Bagdonis, C. Clare Hinrichs & Kai A. Schafft (2009). The Emergence and Framing of Farm-to-School Initiatives: Civic Engagement, Health and Local Agriculture. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 26 (1-2):107-119.score: 36.0
    Interest in and initiation of farm-to-school (FTS) programs have increased in recent years, spurred on by converging public concerns about child obesity trends and risks associated with industrialization and distancing in the modern food system. A civic agriculture framework that more specifically considers civic engagement and problem solving offers insights about variations in the development and prospects for FTS programs. Drawing on comparative case studies of two emerging FTS initiatives in Pennsylvania—one in a rural setting and one in an (...)
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  31. Louise Bøttcher (2010). An Eye for Possibilities in the Development of Children with Cerebral Palsy: Neurobiology and Neuropsychology in a Cultural-Historical Dynamic Understanding. Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 12 (1):3-23.score: 36.0
    Taking children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) as an example, the article seeks an understanding of children with disabilities that connects neuropsychological theories of neural development with the situated cognition perspective and the child as an active participant in its social practices. The early brain lesion of CP is reconceptualised as a neurobiological constraint that exists in the relations between the neural, cognitive and social levels. Through a multi-method study of two children with CP, it is analysed how neurobiological constraints (...)
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  32. Brooke A. Scelza (2011). The Place of Proximity. Human Nature 22 (1-2):108-127.score: 36.0
    The mother–adult daughter relationship has been highlighted in both the social sciences and the public health literature as an important facet of social support networks, particularly as they pertain to maternal and child health. Evolutionary anthropologists also have shown positive associations between support from maternal grandmothers and various outcomes related to reproductive success; however, many of these studies rely on proximity as a surrogate measure of support. Here I present data from the Puerto Rican Maternal and (...)
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  33. Ruth Heilbronn (2013). Wigs, Disguises and Child's Play: Solidarity in Teacher Education. Ethics and Education 8 (1):31 - 41.score: 36.0
    It is generally acknowledged that much contemporary education takes place within a dominant audit culture, in which accountability becomes a powerful driver of educational practices. In this culture, both pupils and teachers risk being configured as a means to an assessment and target-driven end: pupils are schooled within a particular paradigm of education. The article discusses some ethical issues raised by such schooling, particularly the tensions arising for teachers, and by implication, teacher educators who prepare and support teachers for (...)
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  34. Greg Mantle (2007). Managing the Tension Between the Child's Agency and the Need for Protection in Family Court Enquiries. Ethics and Social Welfare 1 (2):163-175.score: 36.0
    This article reviews pertinent literature and presents findings from recent research to illustrate how CAFCASS (Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service) private law practitioners understand, experience and manage the tension between empowerment and protection in welfare report enquiries. The traditional approach in the United Kingdom has been for children to be protected, especially when their divorced or separated parents are in conflict, but the balance is changing, as calls for the active participation of children in decisions that (...)
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  35. Ezio Di Nucci (2014). Fathers and Abortion. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (4):444-458.score: 30.0
    I argue that it is possible for prospective mothers to wrong prospective fathers by bearing their child; and that lifting paternal liability for child support does not correct the wrong inflicted to fathers. It is therefore sometimes wrong for prospective mothers to bear a child, or so I argue here. I show that my argument for considering the legitimate interests of prospective fathers is not a unique exception to an obvious right to procreate. It is, rather, (...)
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  36. Hugh D. Hindman & Charles G. Smith (1999). Cross-Cultural Ethics and the Child Labor Problem. Journal of Business Ethics 19 (1):21 - 33.score: 30.0
    This paper examines the issue of global child labor. The treatment is grounded in the classical economics of Adam smith and the more recent writings of human capital theorists. Using this framework, the universal problem of child labor in newly industrializing countries is investigated. Child labor is placed in its historical context with a brief review of practices in the United States and Great Britain at the time those countries were industrializing. Then, child labor is examined (...)
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  37. Joseph DeMarco, Douglas Powell & Douglas Stewart (2011). Best Interest of the Child: Surrogate Decision Making and the Economics of Externalities. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (3):289-298.score: 30.0
    The case of Twin B involves the decision to send a newborn to a less intensive Level 2 special care nursery (SCN) than to the Level 3 neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) that is considered optimal by the physician. The physician’s acceptance of the transfer is against the child’s best interest and is due to parental convenience. In analyzing the case, we reject the best interest standard. Our rejection is partly supported by the views of Douglas Diekema, John Hardwig, (...)
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  38. H. Draper (2007). Paternity Fraud and Compensation for Misattributed Paternity. Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (8):475-480.score: 30.0
    Next SectionClaims for reimbursement of child support, the reversal of property settlements and compensation can arise when misattributed paternity is discovered. The ethical justifications for such claims seem to be related to the financial cost of bringing up children, the absence of choice about taking on these expenses, the hard work involved in child rearing, the emotional attachments that are formed with children, the obligation of women to make truthful claims about paternity, and the deception involved in (...)
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  39. Helen McLaren (2007). Exploring the Ethics of Forewarning: Social Workers, Confidentiality and Potential Child Abuse Disclosures. Ethics and Social Welfare 1 (1):22-40.score: 30.0
    This article reports on exploratory research into social workers? perceptions and actions regarding ?forewarning? clients of their child abuse reporting obligations as a limitation of confidentiality at relationship onset. Ethical principles and previous research on forewarning are discussed prior to stating the research methods and presenting findings. Data obtained from South Australian social workers engaged in human service work with adult family members articulate a strong desire to practise in accordance with professional codes of ethics. However, the findings suggest (...)
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  40. Bernard G. Prusak (2011). Breaking the Bond. Social Theory and Practice 37 (2):311-332.score: 30.0
    Contemporary philosophy offers two main accounts of how parental obligations are acquired: the causal and the voluntarist account. Elizabeth Brake's provocative paper "Fatherhood and Child Support: Do Men Have a Right to Choose?" seeks to clear the way for the voluntarist account by focusing on the relevance of abortion rights to parental obligations. The present paper is concerned with rebutting Brake's argument that, if a woman does not acquire parental obligations to an unborn child just by having (...)
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  41. Toon W. Taris & Gun R. Semin (1997). Passing on the Faith: How Mother‐Child Communication Influences Transmission of Moral Values. Journal of Moral Education 26 (2):211-221.score: 30.0
    Abstract This paper examines religious affiliation and commitment of teenagers as a function of the quality of mother?child interaction and the mothers? religious commitment, as an illustration of the principle that transmission of parental norms and values to their children is facilitated or inhibited by the quality of their interaction. We expected that in cases where mother?child interaction was good, parents would be better able to impose their own values upon their children, resulting in a lower disaffiliation and (...)
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  42. Rachael M. Henry (1988). Cognitive, Affective and Situational Factors in Child Rearing. Journal of Moral Education 17 (2):127-147.score: 30.0
    Abstract The study explores cognitive, affective and situational factors in child?rearing and their relation to children's constructions of discipline and to the maturity of their social interactions. Subjects were 17 children aged between three years 10 months and four years 11 months and their mothers. Mothers? individual constructions of different classes of their own and their children's transgressions were measured using two Repertory Grids. Children's constructions and feelings about a recent conflict with parents were measured by a structured interview. (...)
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  43. Paul R. Johnson (1981). Selective Nontreatment and Spina Bifida: A Case Study in Ethical Theory and Application. [REVIEW] Bioethics Quarterly 3 (2):91-111.score: 30.0
    Defective newborn children are to be considered human persons. Thus, primary duty in proxy consent is to act with the infant's best interest in mind. This duty may at times override the otherwise prima facie right to life, but only under restricted circumstances. Refinements of McCormick's “relational potential” criteria and of ordinary-extraordinary means analysis prove useful in such decisions. Utilitarian considerations of social consequences have impact but can be kept subsidiary. The importance for decision making of available child (...) services is considered. Spina bifida is used throughout as an example of issues discussed. (shrink)
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  44. Sally Sheldon (2001). Unmarried Fathers and Parental Responsibility: A Case for Reform? [REVIEW] Feminist Legal Studies 9 (2):93-118.score: 30.0
    Following a Consultation exercise conducted by the Lord Chancellor's Department, the U.K. Government has announced its intention to amend the Children Act 1989 so that the unmarried father who jointly registers the birth with the mother will acquire parental responsibility automatically. In this paper, I draw on the responses made to the L.C.D. Consultation, in order critically to evaluate the arguments for and against reform. A poverty of relevant empirical research makes it impossible to reach a properly informed view on (...)
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  45. Kerstin Erlandsson, Kyllike Christensson & Ingegerd Fagerberg (2006). Fatherhood as Taking the Child to Oneself: A Phenomenological Observation Study After Caesarean Birth. Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 6 (2).score: 30.0
    This paper describes the meaning of a father’s presence with a full-term healthy child delivered by caesarean section, as observed during the routine post-operative separation of mother and child. Videotaped observations recorded at a maternity clinic located in the metropolitan area of Stockholm, Sweden formed the basis for the study, in which fifteen fathers with their infants participated within two hours of elective caesarean delivery in the 37th - 40th week of pregnancy. A phenomenological analysis based on Giorgi’s (...)
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  46. Bernard G. Prusak (2013). Parental Obligations and Bioethics: The Duties of a Creator. Routledge.score: 30.0
    This book examines the question of what parental obligations procreators incur by bringing children into being. Prusak argues that parents, as procreators, have obligations regarding future children that constrain the liberty of would-be parents to do as they wish. Moreover, these obligations go beyond simply respecting a child’s rights. He addresses in turn the ethics of adoption, child support, gamete donation, surrogacy, prenatal genetic enhancement, and public responsibility for children.
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  47. Jami L. Anderson (2013). A Dash of Autism. In Jami L. Anderson Simon Cushing (ed.), The Philosophy of Autism. Rowman & Littlefield.score: 24.0
    In this chapter, I describe my “post-diagnosis” experiences as the parent of an autistic child, those years in which I tried, but failed, to make sense of the overwhelming and often nonsensical information I received about autism. I argue that immediately after being given an autism diagnosis, parents are pressured into making what amounts to a life-long commitment to a therapy program that (they are told) will not only dramatically change their child, but their family’s financial situation and (...)
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  48. Lisa L. Fuller (2011). Knowing Their Own Good: Preferences & Liberty in Global Ethics. In Thom Brooks (ed.), New Waves in Ethics. Palgrave MacMillan. 210--230.score: 24.0
    Citizens of liberal, affluent societies are regularly encouraged to support reforms meant to improve conditions for badly-off people in the developing world. Our economic and political support is solicited for causes such as: banning child labor, implementing universal primary education, closing down sweatshops and brothels, etc. But what if the relevant populations or individuals in the developing world do not support these particular reforms or aid programs? What if they would strongly prefer other reforms and programs, (...)
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  49. Chris Tucker (2009). Evidential Support, Reliability, and Hume's Problem of Induction. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (4):503-519.score: 24.0
    Necessity holds that, if a proposition A supports another B, then it must support B. John Greco contends that one can resolve Hume's Problem of Induction only if she rejects Necessity in favor of reliabilism. If Greco's contention is correct, we would have good reason to reject Necessity and endorse reliabilism about inferential justification. Unfortunately, Greco's contention is mistaken. I argue that there is a plausible reply to Hume's Problem that both endorses Necessity and is at least as good (...)
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  50. Jesse J. Prinz (2007). The Emotional Construction of Morals. Oxford University Press.score: 24.0
    Jesse Prinz argues that recent work in philosophy, neuroscience, and anthropology supports two radical hypotheses about the nature of morality: moral values are based on emotional responses, and these emotional responses are inculcated by culture, not hard-wired through natural selection. In the first half of the book, Jesse Prinz defends the hypothesis that morality has an emotional foundation. Evidence from brain imaging, social psychology, and psychopathology suggest that, when we judge something to be right or wrong, we are merely expressing (...)
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